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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888392/factors-associated-with-the-quality-of-life-of-mothers-of-preterm-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#1
M R S Moura, C G A Araújo, M M Prado, H B M S Paro, R M C Pinto, V O S Abdallah, T M S Mendonça, C H M Silva
AIM: To analyze possible factors associated with the quality of life (QoL) of mothers of preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) during the first 3 years after delivery. METHODS: The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-bref scores were compared and correlated with maternal and infant-related sociodemographic and clinical variables at maternal discharge (T0) and at 6 (T1), 12 (T2), 24 (T3), and 36 (T4) months after delivery. Multiple linear regression models were fitted to investigate the effect of these variables on the mothers' QoL...
November 25, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882544/prospective-evaluation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-3rd-edition-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#2
Pratibha K Agarwal, Luming Shi, Lourdes M Daniel, Phey Hong Yang, Poh Choo Khoo, Bin Huey Quek, Qishi Zheng, Victor S Rajadurai
AIM: To evaluate the predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) in infants born preterm and very-low-birthweight (PT/VLBW; ≤1250g). METHOD: We evaluated 141 PT/VLBW infants (68 males, 73 females) born at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital between January 2010 and December 2011, to determine predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement between the ASQ-3 at 9, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age and Bayley-III at 24 months...
November 24, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834782/alarms-oxygen-saturations-and-spo2-averaging-time-in-the-nicu
#3
C McClure, S Young Jang, K Fairchild
BACKGROUND: Alarm overload is a significant concern in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Selecting a longer oxygen saturation (SpO2) averaging time will reduce the number of alarms but may mask fluctuations in oxygenation. OBJECTIVE: Characterize bedside monitor alarms in the NICU and estimate the impact of longer SpO2 averaging time and alarm delay. METHODS: All bedside monitor alarms were analyzed over a 12-month period in the University of Virginia NICU, using the default averaging time (8 seconds) and SpO2 alarm limits set at 88-95% for infants on supplemental oxygen...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825008/effect-of-supplemental-donor-human-milk-compared-with-preterm-formula-on-neurodevelopment-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-at-18-months-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
COMMENT
Deborah L O'Connor, Sharyn Gibbins, Alex Kiss, Nicole Bando, Joan Brennan-Donnan, Eugene Ng, Douglas M Campbell, Simone Vaz, Christoph Fusch, Elizabeth Asztalos, Paige Church, Edmond Kelly, Linh Ly, Alan Daneman, Sharon Unger
Importance: For many very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants, there is insufficient mother's milk, and a supplement of pasteurized donor human milk or preterm formula is required. Awareness of the benefits of mother's milk has led to an increase in use of donor milk, despite limited data evaluating its efficacy. Objective: To determine if nutrient-enriched donor milk compared with formula, as a supplement to mother's milk, reduces neonatal morbidity, supports growth, and improves neurodevelopment in VLBW infants...
November 8, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819116/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#5
Kai Duan, Jin Guo, Ping Lei
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and immunogenicity of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCVs) in preterm infants. METHODS: In accordance with the PRISM (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement (as of May 2015), a meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of PCVs in preterm infants. RESULTS: Ten thousand nine hundred sixty full-term infants and 2131 preterm infants with 344 preterm infants of <2500 g birth weight [low-birth weight (LBW)] were included, and all the subjects were immunized with either PCV-7, PCV-10 or PCV-13 in this random-effects meta-analysis...
November 7, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818459/serial-investigation-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-a-very-low-birth-weight-infant-with-transient-late-onset-hyperglycemia
#6
Toshihiko Nakamura, Daisuke Hatanaka, Mari Nakamura, Michiko Kusakari, Hidehiro Takahashi, Takashi Kamohara
Transient late-onset hyperglycemia was detected in a very low birth weight (VLBW) infant (gestational age 28 weeks, birth weight 1,082 g) by routine point-of-care glucose monitoring. The infant had no clinical symptom. Serial continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) was conducted for 3 days at 31, 35, and 39 weeks' post conceptual age. The difference values between the maximum and minimum blood glucose levels during the interval from one enteral feeding to the next enteral feeding were 32.3±14.3 mg/dL, 47...
November 3, 2016: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816866/atrazine-and-nitrate-in-drinking-water-and-the-risk-of-preterm-delivery-and-low-birth-weight-in-four-midwestern-states
#7
Leslie Thomas Stayner, Kirsten Almberg, Rachael Jones, Judith Graber, Marie Pedersen, Mary Turyk
BACKGROUND: Atrazine and nitrate are common contaminants in water, and there is limited evidence that they are associated with adverse birth outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine whether atrazine and nitrate in water are associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery (PTD) and term low birth weight (LBW). METHODS: The study included a total of 134,258 singletons births born between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2008 from 46 counties in four Midwestern states with public water systems that were included in the U...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777705/post-discharge-formula-fortification-of-maternal-human-milk-of-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-an-introduction-of-a-feeding-protocol-in-a-university-hospital
#8
Abeer El Sakka, Mohamed Sami El Shimi, Kareem Salama, Hend Fayez
The objective of this study is to determine the growth parameters and nutritional biochemical markers and complications of fortification of human milk by post discharge formula of preterm very low birth weight newborns (VLBW). Fifty preterm infants less than 37 weeks with weight less than 1500 g were enrolled in the study. They received parental nutrition and feeding according to our protocol. When enteral feeding reached 100 cc/kg/day, infants were randomized into two groups: group I, Cases, n=25, where post discharge formula (PDF) was used for fortification, group II, Controls, n=25 with no fortification...
September 19, 2016: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756095/inguinal-hernia-development-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-case-control-study
#9
Sezin Unal, Dilek Ulubas Isik, Ahmet Yagmur Bas, Zehra Arslan, Nihal Demirel
Introduction The incidence and risk factors for inguinal hernia (IH) is not a thoroughly evaluated issue of preterms. Prematurity is the single most important risk factor. There exists no study in our country which reported the incidence of IH in preterms. The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence and time of diagnosis of IH in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Patients and Methods This retrospective case-control study was conducted in Etlik Zubeyde Hanim Women's Health Training and Research Hospital and included discharged VLBW infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751207/-effect-of-breastfeeding-quality-improvement-on-breastfeeding-rate-in-very-low-birth-weight-and-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#10
Feng Liu, Shu-Ping Han, Zhang-Bin Yu, Jun Zhang, Xiao-Hui Chen, Wei-Min Wu, Xue Chu, Bei-Bei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of breastfeeding quality improvement on the breastfeeding rate in very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of VLBW and ELBW infants who were admitted from July 2014 to July 2015 (pre-improvement group) and those who were admitted from August 2015 to June 2016 after the implementation of breastfeeding quality improvement measures (post-improvement group)...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746756/mother-toddler-play-interaction-in-extremely-very-low-birth-weight-and-full-term-children-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Paola Salvatori, Erica Neri, Ilaria Chirico, Federica Andrei, Francesca Agostini, Elena Trombini
Introduction: Although preterm birth represents a risk factor for early mother-infant interactions, few studies have focused on toddlerhood, an important time for the development of symbolic play, autonomous skills, and child's socialization competences. Moreover, no study has looked at the effect of birth weight on mother-child interactions during this period. Expanding on the available literature on prematurity, the main objective of this study was to explore the quality of mother-toddler interactions during play, using a longitudinal research design, as well as taking into account the effect of birth weight...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718778/long-term-refractive-status-of-preterm-infants-from-singleton-and-multiple-pregnancies
#12
N Levy, E S Shinwell, H Leiba
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of plurality on refractive status in former preterm infants at age 8-12 years. METHODS: Refraction was compared in singletons and multiples, in Very Low Birth Weight infants (VLBW, <1500 grams) at age 6 months and 8-12 years. Preterm infants were compared with a group of term infants. RESULTS: 37 of 104 (36%) VLBW infants were multiples. Comparison of refraction between singletons and multiples revealed no difference at age 6 months, while at age 8-12 years, multiples had significantly more refractive errors (singletons 28% vs multiples 54% p = 0...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716567/growth-in-very-preterm-children-head-growth-after-discharge-is-the-best-independent-predictor-for-cognitive-outcome
#13
Karen Lidzba, Susanne Rodemann, Rangmar Goelz, Ingeborg Krägeloh-Mann, Andrea Bevot
BACKGROUND: The contribution of growth parameters to the cognitive outcome of very low birth weight (VLBW)/very preterm (VP) infants is difficult to disentangle from other preterm-birth related factors. AIMS: We hypothesized that long-term cognitive and motor outcome of VLBW/VP infants is most strongly associated with growth in head circumference after hospital discharge. STUDY DESIGN: Single-centre prospective longitudinal study: anthropometric measures at different time points (birth, discharge, school-age)...
October 5, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684418/improving-fortification-with-weekly-analysis-of-human-milk-for-vlbw-infants
#14
M Arnold, D Adamkin, P Radmacher
OBJECTIVE: To track individual mother's macronutrient variability in preterm human milk (HM) over 6 weeks of lactation. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, observational study of mother's own milk from women who delivered a very low birth weight infant (<1500 g). A single, random maternal breast milk sample was collected and analyzed weekly for 6 consecutive weeks. Analysis was by mid-infrared spectroscopy. RESULTS: Twenty women consented to provide at least one milk sample...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677342/group-b-streptococcus-late-onset-sepsis-in-very-low-birth-weight-newborns-10-years-experience
#15
Francesco M Risso, Elio Castagnola, Roberto Bandettini, Diego Minghetti, Laura Pagani, Luca A Ramenghi
PURPOSE: The incidence of late-onset neonatal infection (LONS) group B streptococcus (GBS) in very low birthweight (VLBW) is still matter of debate. In the present 10-years retrospective study we investigated the epidemiology of GBS LONS in VLBW neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2006 to July 2015 we conducted a retrospective study in all preterm infants admitted at our third level referral center for neonatal intensive care (NICU). From our database we were able to retrieve all cases of bloodstream infections/meningitis GBS positive...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671183/efficacy-of-probiotics-versus-placebo-in-the-prevention-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Tanjina Chowdhury, Muhammad Manajjir Ali, Muhammad Monir Hossain, Jugindra Singh, Abu Noyeem Muhammad Yousuf, Fatema Yasmin, Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of orally administered probiotics in preventing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Arandomized double blind controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Paediatrics Department of Sylhet M.A.G. Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet Bangladesh, from July 2012 to June 2015. METHODOLOGY: Preterm (28 - 33 weeks gestation) VLBW (birth weight 1000 - 1499 g) neonates were enrolled...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660072/neonatal-treatment-philosophy-in-dutch-and-german-nicus-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adulthood-of-vp-vlbw-infants
#17
Linda D Breeman, Sylvia van der Pal, Gijsbert H W Verrips, Nicole Baumann, Peter Bartmann, Dieter Wolke
PURPOSE: Although survival after very preterm birth (VP)/very low birth weight (VLBW) has improved, a significant number of VP/VLBW individuals develop physical and cognitive problems during their life course that may affect their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We compared HRQoL in VP/VLBW cohorts from two countries: The Netherlands (n = 314) versus Germany (n = 260) and examined whether different neonatal treatment and rates of disability affect HRQoL in adulthood. METHOD: To analyse whether cohorts differed in adult HRQoL, linear regression analyses were performed for three HRQoL outcomes assessed with the Health Utilities Index 3 (HUI3), the London Handicap Scale (LHS), and the WHO Quality of Life instrument (WHOQOL-BREF)...
September 22, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618620/diurnal-cortisol-patterns-and-dexamethasone-suppression-test-responses-in-healthy-young-adults-born-preterm-at-very-low-birth-weight
#18
Nina Kaseva, Riikka Pyhälä, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Katri Räikkönen, Anna-Liisa Järvenpää, Sture Andersson, Johan G Eriksson, Petteri Hovi, Eero Kajantie
BACKGROUND: Early life stress, such as painful and stressful procedures during neonatal intensive care after preterm birth, can permanently affect physiological, hormonal and neurobiological systems. This may contribute to altered programming of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) and provoke changes in HPAA function with long-term health impacts. Previous studies suggest a lower HPAA response to stress in young adults born preterm compared with controls born at term. We assessed whether these differences in HPAA stress responsiveness are reflected in everyday life HPAA functioning, i...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609344/role-of-oral-zinc-supplementation-for-reduction-of-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia-a-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#19
Deepak Sharma, Nazanin Farahbakhsh, Pradeep Sharma, Sweta Shastri
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is frequently seen condition in the NICU. Oral zinc has been tried for the prevention of hyperbilirubinemia. AIMS: To evaluate the role of oral zinc supplementation for reduction of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in term and preterm infants. METHOD: The literature search was done for various randomized control trial (RCT) by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, Index Copernicus, African Index Medicus (AIM), Thomson Reuters (ESCI), Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) and other data base...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601464/adrenocortical-insufficiency-and-refractory-hypotension-in-preterm-infants
#20
Pak Cheung Ng
Preterm, very low birthweight (VLBW) infants are prone to life-threatening hypotension secondary to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis immaturity, resulting in adrenocortical insufficiency. Clinical presentations of inotrope-resistant refractory hypotension are usually evident, but interpretation of serum cortisol may pose much difficulty to front-line neonatologists. This review examines the salient pathophysiology of adrenocortical insufficiency in the immediate postnatal period, characterises its endocrinological abnormalities, and describes the typical and variant clinical presentations...
September 6, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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