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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916044/perinatal-prediction-model-for-severe-intraventricular-hemorrhage-and-the-effect-of-early-postnatal-acidosis
#1
Juyoung Lee, Mee Hong, Sook Kyung Yum, Jung Hyun Lee
PURPOSE: Severe acidosis is one of the strongest predictors of neurologic outcomes in full-term infants with suspected hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. However, the relative importance of acidosis as a predictor of outcomes in preterm infants is much less clear. The goals of the present study were to examine the association between postnatal acidosis and severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and to establish a new score model including acid-base status after birth for predicting the risk of this morbidity...
June 18, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883981/oral-feeding-outcome-after-analgesic-and-sedative-exposure-in-vlbw-preterm-infant
#2
Mark T Astoria, Leroy Thacker, Karen D Hendricks-Muñoz
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to assess the association of analgesics and sedatives on oral feeding function and need for feeding tube at discharge in the very low birth weight (VLBW) (<1,500 g) preterm infant. STUDY DESIGN:  A retrospective review of surviving inborn infants < 1,500 g and < 32 weeks' gestation ( n  = 209), discharged between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014, from the neonatal intensive care unit identified exposure to analgesic and sedative medications, demographics, medical course, and nasogastric or gastrostomy tube (GT) feeding at discharge...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799821/supports-and-barriers-to-the-provision-of-human-milk-by-mothers-of-african-american-preterm-infants
#3
Bianca LoVerde, Alison Falck, Pamela Donohue, Brenda Hussey-Gardener
BACKGROUND: Mother's own milk (MOM) provides significant health benefits to very low birth-weight infants (VLBW, ≤1500 g). However, 60% of African American (AA) women initiate lactation, and less than 35% provide MOM 6 months following the birth of their infant. Previous research focuses on term infants and is not specific to AA mothers of VLBW infants. PURPOSE: To qualitatively describe supports and barriers experienced by AA mothers while providing MOM for their VLBW infants...
June 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790827/the-effect-of-maternal-hiv-status-and-treatment-duration-on-body-composition-of-hiv-exposed-and-hiv-unexposed-preterm-very-and-extremely-low-birthweight-infants
#4
Klara Strydom, Daniel Gerhardus Nel, Muhammad Ali Dhansay, Evette Van Niekerk
BACKGROUND: There is an evidence gap regarding the relationship between HIV exposure, body composition (and the quality thereof) and preterm infants. AIM: This study determined the body composition of HIV-exposed, preterm very low-birthweight (VLBW) and extremely low-birthweight (ELBW) infants and to assess the effect of maternal HAART duration on the body composition of this vulnerable population. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted...
May 23, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790700/early-hypophosphatemia-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#5
REVIEW
Agata Pająk, Barbara Królak-Olejnik, Agnieszka Szafrańska
Refeeding Syndrome (RFS) is a well-known group of symptoms which occur after the introduction of enteral or parenteral nutrition in undernourished patients. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is the equivalent of postnatal RFS following the beginning of feeding. The aggressive parenteral nutrition of neonates with very low birth weight (VLBW) resulting from the termination of intrauterine transplacental nutrition is a source of biochemical disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze metabolic disorders in preterm infants during the 1st week of life and to determine the hypophosphatemia risk factors in low birth weight neonates receiving parenteral nutrition...
May 21, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784603/does-type-of-feeding-affect-body-composition-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Mól Nina, Zasada Magdalena, Kwinta Przemko
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyse body composition of preterm infants fed with either breast milk or formula compared to a control group of full-term newborns. METHODS: Fifty-three newborns were enrolled: a group of 34 very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm newborns subdivided into a formula-fed (n = 23; group A) and breast milk-fed (n = 11; group B) group, and a control group of 19 full-term infants (group C). Their body composition was assessed by a bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) either at the estimated time of birth in the VLBW group or during the 1st week of life in the full-term group...
May 4, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763893/patterns-of-infancy-growth-and-metabolic-hormonal-profile-are-different-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-born-small-for-gestational-age-compared-to-those-born-appropriate-for-gestational-age
#7
María Isabel Hernandez, Katherine Rossel, Veronica Peña, Mirna Garcia, Gabriel Cavada, Alejandra Avila, German Iñiguez, Verónica Mericq
BACKGROUND/AIMS: An increased preterm birth survival rate is associated with long-term neurological and metabolic risks; thus, our aim was to evaluate whether early patterns of infancy anthropometry and metabolic hormonal profile differ in preterm infants born small for gestational age (SGA) or appropriate for gestational age (AGA) from birth to 36 months of corrected age (CA). METHODS: We recruited 110 very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants (AGA = 60 and SGA = 50) with a mean birth weight of -2...
May 15, 2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753546/sildenafil-and-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-preterm-infants-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#8
David Aboudi, Nithya Swaminathan, Heather Brumberg, Qiuhu Shi, Deborah Friedman, Boriana Parvez, Usha Krishnan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether sildenafil is associated with worsening retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (≤1500 g) with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective case-control study included VLBW infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2012. Each infant treated with sildenafil was assigned 3 unexposed controls matched for gestational age, birth weight, and BPD diagnosis...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719294/preterm-glycosuria-new-data-from-a-continuous-glucose-monitoring-system
#9
Mateusz Jagła, Izabela Szymońska, Katarzyna Starzec, Przemko Kwinta
BACKGROUND: Careful control of glucose homeostasis is essential for infants with very low birth weight (VLBW). In clinical practice, blood and urine glucose levels are monitored; however, their correlation has not been fully investigated in VLBW infants. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between interstitial fluid glucose concentration (ISFG), glycosuria, and urine output among VLBW infants through continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). METHODS: A prospective, single-center, open cohort study enrolled 74 VLBW infants with a mean birth weight of 1,066 g...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679899/postpartum-posttraumatic-and-acute-stress-in-mothers-and-fathers-of-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight-cross-sectional-results-from-a-controlled-multicenter-cohort-study
#10
Nadine Helle, Claus Barkmann, Stephan Ehrhardt, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: The birth of a preterm infant can be stressful and traumatic for parents and may cause posttraumatic stress symptoms and disorders. There is a dearth of data from controlled studies regarding level, prevalence, risk, and predictors of these symptoms in parents after preterm birth. METHODS: As part of the longitudinal HaFEn-study, data from parents of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW), and term infants were cross-sectionally analyzed. We recruited parents at the three largest perinatal care centers in Hamburg, Germany...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619488/long-term-cognitive-outcome-of-very-low-birth-weight-saudi-preterm-infants-at-the-corrected-age-of-24-36-months
#11
Badr H Sobaih
To assess infants' cognitive function at the corrected age of 24-36 months, and to identify factors associated with adverse outcome and examine the correlation between Bayley Infants Neurodevelopmental Screener (BINS) score and Gesell Schedule of Child Development (GSCD). Methods: This retrospective study was performed on Saudi very low birth-weight (VLBW)  infants born   in King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between 1997 and 2014 by the use of BINS as screening test and GSCD as definitive test...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574049/pain-sensitivity-and-thermal-detection-thresholds-in-young-adults-born-preterm-with-very-low-birth-weight-or-small-for-gestational-age-at-term-compared-with-controls
#12
Johanne Marie Iversen, Martin Uglem, Marit Sæbø Indredavik, Pål Richard Romundstad, Kristian Bernhard Nilsen, Trond Sand, Marite Rygg
The objective of this prospective long-term follow-up study was to investigate whether somatosensory function is altered among young adults born preterm with very low birth weight (VLBW; ≤1,500 g) or small for gestational age (SGA; <10th percentile) at term. In a blinded quantitative sensory testing protocol, we determined thermal detection, thermal pain, and pressure pain thresholds and the response to prolonged supra-threshold heat among 51 VLBW, 66 term SGA, and 86 term-born controls (birth weight ≥10th percentile) at 28 years...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519674/temporal-spatial-reach-parameters-derived-from-inertial-sensors-correlate-to-neurodevelopment-in-toddlers-born-preterm
#13
Katelyn Cahill-Rowley, Jessica Rose
Temporal-spatial reach parameters are revealing of upper-limb function in children with motor impairments, but have not been quantified in a toddler population. This work quantitatively characterizes temporal-spatial reach in typically-developing (TD) and very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm toddlers, who are at increased risk of motor impairment. 47 children born VLBW (<1500 g birth-weight; ≤32 weeks gestation) and 22 TD children completed a reaching assessment at 18-22 months of age, adjusted for prematurity...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503814/the-pathophysiology-of-low-systemic-blood-flow-in-the-preterm-infant
#14
REVIEW
Martin Kluckow
Assessment and treatment of the VLBW infant with cardiovascular impairment requires understanding of the underlying physiology of the infant in transition. The situation is dynamic with changes occurring in systemic blood pressure, pulmonary pressures, myocardial function, and ductal shunt in the first postnatal days. New insights into the role of umbilical cord clamping in the transitional circulation have been provided by large clinical trials of early versus later cord clamping and a series of basic science reports describing the physiology in an animal model...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490909/cost-effectiveness-of-supplemental-donor-milk-versus-formula-for-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#15
Susan Trang, John A F Zupancic, Sharon Unger, Alex Kiss, Nicole Bando, Sabrina Wong, Sharyn Gibbins, Deborah L O'Connor
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cost-effectiveness of supplemental donor human milk (DHM) versus preterm formula (PTF) for very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) infants from a societal perspective to 18 months' corrected age. METHODS: This prospective cost-effectiveness analysis of 363 VLBW infants was conducted for a randomized control trial. Infants recruited from October 2010 to December 2012 were fed DHM or PTF whenever mother's milk was unavailable. Formal health care costs for initial hospitalization and readmissions were obtained from standardized cost-accounting systems and physician fees...
February 28, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487306/prediction-of-postnatal-growth-failure-among-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#16
Soon Min Lee, Namhyo Kim, Ran Namgung, Minsoo Park, Kookin Park, Jihyun Jeon
Postnatal growth failure (PGF) in preterm infants remains an important clinical issue. In this study, we analysed the incidence of PGF among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and evaluated the risk factors for PGF based on the data of 2799 VLBW infants obtained from the Korean Neonatal Network database from 2013 to 2014. PGF was defined as a decrease in weight Z score between birth and discharge of more than -1.28 using the Fenton growth charts. Risk factors were evaluated in relation to birth weight for gestational age, namely small (SGA) or appropriate (AGA) for gestational age, using propensity score matching used for between-group differences...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478358/body-temperatures-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-on-admission-to-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#17
Emily A O'Brien, Tarah T Colaizy, Jane E Brumbaugh, Gretchen A Cress, Karen J Johnson, Jonathan M Klein, Edward F Bell
OBJECTIVE: Hypothermia occurs frequently in the first minutes after birth in preterm infants. Hyperthermia also occurs, often as a consequence of efforts to provide thermal support. Both hypothermia and hyperthermia are potentially harmful. Our objective was to examine the distribution of admission temperatures of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, the effect of gestational age on admission temperatures, and the time required for correction of low temperatures. METHODS: Admission axillary temperatures were retrieved from the medical records for all VLBW infants born in our hospital during a 5-year period...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466290/different-risk-factors-for-very-low-birth-weight-term-small-for-gestational-age-or-preterm-birth-in-japan
#18
Naomi Tamura, Tomoyuki Hanaoka, Kumiko Ito, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Sachiko Ito, Hisanori Minakami, Kazutoshi Cho, Toshiaki Endo, Kazuo Sengoku, Katsuhiko Ogasawara, Reiko Kishi
From 1985 to 2013, the mean birth weight of infants in Japan decreased from 3120 g to 3000 g, and the low-birth-weight rate among live births increased from 6.3% to 9.6%. No prospective study has elucidated the risk factors for poor fetal growth and preterm birth in recent Japanese parents, such as increased parental age, maternal body figure, assisted reproductive technology (ART), and socioeconomic status. Participants were mother-infant pairs ( n = 18,059) enrolled in a prospective birth cohort in Hokkaido, Japan from 2002 to 2013...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415590/the-mortality-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-the-benefit-and-relative-impact-of-changes-in-population-and-therapeutic-variables
#19
Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Valentina Boyko, Liat Lerner-Geva, Cathy Hammerman, Misgav Rottenstreich, Arnon Samueloff, Michael S Schimmel, Brian Reichman
OBJECTIVE: Very low birth weight (VLBW, ≤1500 g) infants' mortality rates have decreased markedly. We aimed to quantify the relative contribution of changes in the distribution of population characteristics and changes in specific mortality rates on the decline in mortality rates of VLBW infants. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based observational study of the Israel national VLBW infant database. The study population comprised singleton VLBW infants of 24-32 weeks' gestation born during the epochs 1995-2000 (n = 3728) and 2006-2010 (n = 3246)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381407/premature-birth-and-circadian-preference-in-young-adulthood-evidence-from-two-birth-cohorts
#20
Johan Björkqvist, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Liisa Kuula, Hanna-Maria Matinolli, Aulikki Lano, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Marjaana Tikanmäki, Dieter Wolke, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Johan G Eriksson, Sture Andersson, Marja Vääräsmäki, Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Petteri Hovi, Eero Kajantie
A preference for eveningness (being a "night owl") and preterm birth (<37 weeks of gestation) are associated with similar adversities, such as elevated blood pressure, impaired glucose regulation, poorer physical fitness, and lower mood. Yet, it remains unclear if and how preterm birth is associated with circadian preference. The aim of this study was to assess this association across the whole gestation range, using both objective and subjective measurements of circadian preference. Circadian preference was measured among 594 young adults (mean age 24...
April 2018: Chronobiology International
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