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Neonatal RDS

Ji Yeoun Yoo, Lara V Marcuse, Madeline C Fields, Jillian Rosengard, Maria Vittoria Traversa, Nicolas Gaspard, Lawrence J Hirsch
INTRODUCTION: Brief potentially ictal rhythmic discharges (B(I)RDs) have been described in neonates and critically ill adults, and their association with seizures has been demonstrated. Their significance in non-critically ill adults remains unclear. We aimed to investigate their prevalence, electrographic characteristics and clinical significance. METHODS: We identified adult patients with B(I)RDs who received long term EEG recordings either in the epilepsy monitoring unit or in the ambulatory setting...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Kathryn J Sharma, Tania F Esakoff, Alyson Guillet, Richard M Burwick, Aaron B Caughey
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adverse outcomes were more common in late preterm pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and growth restriction compared to those affected by preeclampsia alone. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 8,927 singleton pregnancies with preeclampsia. Pregnancies with small for gestational age (SGA) neonates (birthweight <10(th) percentile) were compared to those appropriate for gestational age (AGA) neonates. Maternal outcomes included cesarean delivery (CD) rate, CD for fetal heart rate (FHR) abnormalities, abruption, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), maternal transfusion, acute renal failure, and peripartum cardiomyopathy...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Mao-Jun Li, Qing Wu, Wei Shi, Qian Yang, Bin-Zhi Tang, Chang-Hui Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical features of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in neonates of different gestational ages (GA). METHODS: According to GA, 133 neonates with RDS were classified into GA <34 weeks group (n=66), GA 34-36 weeks group (late preterm neonates; n=31), and GA ≥37 weeks group (full-term neonates; n=36). The mothers' medical history during pregnancy and the condition of the neonates at birth were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinical data were compared between groups...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Xiang Kong, Yan Kong, Fangyuan Zhang, Tingting Wang, Jin Yan
BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a specific pregnancy-related disorder without standard medical therapies. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is the most used medicine, but the efficacy and safety of UDCA remain uncertain. Several meta-analyses had been made to assess the effects of UDCA in ICP. However, the samples were not large enough to convince obstetricians to use UDCA. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the effects and safety of UDCA in patients with ICP, which included only randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Liran Hiersch, Mayan Eitan, Eran Ashwal, Boaz Weisz, Benny Chayen, Shlomo Lipitz, Yoav Yinon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk for twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS) and adverse perinatal outcome in monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies with amniotic fluid discordance (AFD). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 34 MCDA pregnancies with AFD (intertwin difference of ≥3 cm in maximal vertical pocket measurement) without meeting the criteria for twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) or selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR)...
October 12, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
Gabriele Saccone, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the effectiveness of antenatal corticosteroids given at ≥34 weeks' gestation. DESIGN:  Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES:  Electronic databases were searched from their inception to February 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR STUDY SELECTION:  Randomized clinical trials comparing antenatal corticosteroids with placebo or no treatment in women with a singleton pregnancy at ≥34 weeks' gestation...
October 12, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Smeeta Sardesai, Manoj Biniwale, Fiona Wertheimer, Arlene Garingo, Rangasamy Ramanathan
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) due to surfactant deficiency is the most common cause of respiratory failure in preterm infants. Tremendous progress has been made since the original description that surfactant deficiency is the major cause of RDS. Surfactant therapy has been extensively studied in preterm infants and has been shown to significantly decrease air leaks and neonatal and infant mortality. Synthetic and animal-derived surfactants from bovine as well as porcine origin have been evaluated in randomized controlled trials...
October 5, 2016: Pediatric Research
Azar Mehrabadi, Sarka Lisonkova, K S Joseph
BACKGROUND: Although respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is considered a disease of prematurity, there is evidence to suggest heterogeneity between early and late gestation RDS. We examined the epidemiologic features of RDS occurring at early and late gestation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study including live births in the United States in 2005-06, with information obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics. Early (<32 weeks) and late gestation RDS (≥39 weeks) were contrasted in terms of risk factors and associations with pregnancy complications, obstetric intervention and co-morbidity...
September 27, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Nazia Shaikh, Shaweez Faizi, Lavanya Rai
OBJECTIVES: To study the neonatal respiratory morbidity in late-preterm neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done over a period of 6 months (November 2014-April 2015) including 120 late-preterm births at a tertiary referral center. RESULTS: Among the 120 late-preterm babies, 42 (35 %) developed respiratory morbidity. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) developed in 43 % of the babies who had not received steroid prophylaxis against 25...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Varsha L Deshmukh, Milind Jadhav, Kanan Yelikar
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To review the effects of obesity (BMI > 30) on antepartum risk/intrapartum risk. To study neonatal outcome of pregnant women with raised BMI. MATERIAL METHOD: BMI of 500 pregnant women booked before 12 weeks calculated and categorised as normal, overweight, obese and morbidly obese at GMCH, Aurangabad. Pregnant women with systemic disease and previous LSCS were excluded. Antepartum, intrapartum and neonatal variables were studied, and statistical analysis was carried out...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
L Zhang, Y Qiu, B Yi, L Ni, L Zhang, Pulati Taxi, H Li, Q Zhang, W Wang, Z Liu, L Li, L Zhao, H Wang, B Sun
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of respiratory support and surfactant in incidence, management and outcome of neonatal hypoxemic respiratory failure (NRF) in Chinese emerging regional neonatal-perinatal care system in the era of universal health insurance policy. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical data of NRF were prospectively collected in 12 consecutive months from 2011 to 2012 in 12 neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in major cities of Northwest China. NRF was defined as hypoxemia requiring nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) or intratracheal ventilation combined with surfactant for at least 24 h, with associated risk factors, mortality rate and major co-morbidities analyzed...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
C Park, J Park, S Kim, S Lee, J Jun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Meryem Kurek Eken, Abdülhamit Tüten, Enis Özkaya, Güner Karatekin, Ateş Karateke
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictors of outcome in terms of length of stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and survival of neonates from women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: A population-based retrospective study including three hundred thirty-one singleton pregnant women with PPROM at 24-34 gestational weeks between January 2013 and December 2015 was conducted. Gestational age at delivery, birth weight, route of delivery, newborn gender, maternal age,oligohydramnios, premature retinopathy (ROP), necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), sepsis, fetal growth retardation (FGR), intracranial hemorrhagia (ICH), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH), congenital cardiac disease (CCD), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), use of cortisol (betamethasone) and maternal complications including gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and chorioamnionitis were used to predict neonatal outcomes in terms of length of stay in the NICU and survival...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Senem Alkan Ozdemir, Esra Arun Ozer, Ozkan Ilhan, Sumer Sutcuoglu
BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation is an essential therapy in the treatment of respiratory failure in preterm infants. However, optimal ventilation strategy continues to be difficult to define. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of volume guarantee (VG) combined with intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) and VG combined with pressure support ventilation (PSV) on the pulmonary mechanics and short term prognosis in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome...
September 13, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Manuel Sánchez-Luna, Noelia González-Pacheco, Martín Santos, Ángel Blanco, Cristina Orden, Jaques Belik, Francisco J Tendillo
UNLABELLED: The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of I/E ratio on carbon dioxide (CO2) elimination during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) combined with volume guarantee (VG). Five 2-day-old piglets were studied before and after a bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). The effect of an I/E ratio of 1:1 and 1:2 with (VG-ON) and without VG (VG-OFF) on PaCO2, as well as delta and mean airway pressures at the airway opening (∆Phf-ao, mPaw-ao) and at the tracheal level (∆Phf-t, mPaw-t) were evaluated at frequencies of 5, 8, 11, and 14 Hz...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Nutan Agarwal, Shikha Bathwal, Alka Kriplani, Ashok Deorari, Neerja Bhatla
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of intra-amniotic administration of surfactants in reducing the incidence and severity of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and the need for postnatal endotracheal surfactant during preterm delivery. METHODS: A prospective pilot study enrolled pregnant women at 28-34 weeks of pregnancy between July 1, 2013 and December 31, 2014 who were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to a control group or to receive intra-amniotic surfactant (3mL) administered under ultrasonography guidance within 2-8 hours of expected delivery...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Lili Sheibani, Alex Fong, Dana E Henry, Mary E Norton, Yen N Truong, Adanna Anyikam, Louise C Laurent, Rashmi Rao, Deborah A Wing
BACKGROUND: Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes (PPROM) precedes many deliveries and experts agree with expectant management until 34 weeks gestation. However, there is controversy regarding the gestational age (GA) for administration of corticosteroids. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study in the University of California Fetal Consortium (UCfC). We searched available charts of singleton pregnancies with PPROM between 32 and 33 6/7 weeks GA...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Maike Röhr, Martin Poryo, Johannes Bay, Ludwig Gortner, Sascha Meyer
In preterm neonates, the use of invasive ventilation may be mandatory because of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). In this short communication, we demonstrate that invasive ventilation in this susceptible cohort may be associated with episodes of both hypo- and hypercapnia, and that inadequate ventilatory support is associated with the occurrence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD; p < 0.05). Also, inadequate mechanical ventilation is aggravated by a shortage of medical staff.
August 30, 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Anna Lavizzari, Mariarosa Colnaghi, Francesca Ciuffini, Chiara Veneroni, Stefano Musumeci, Ivan Cortinovis, Fabio Mosca
Importance: Heated, humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) has gained increasing popularity as respiratory support for newborn infants thanks to ease of use and improved patient comfort. However, its role as primary therapy for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of prematurity needs to be further elucidated by large, randomized clinical trials. Objective: To determine whether HHHFNC provides respiratory support noninferior to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) or bilevel nCPAP (BiPAP) as a primary approach to RDS in infants older than 28 weeks' gestational age (GA)...
August 8, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Ling Ji, Li-Ya Ma, Yun Yang, Na-Na Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pulmonary function after treatment in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) at varying disease severity levels and different gestational ages. METHODS: A total of 107 neonates with RDS were divided into <34 weeks group (65 neonates), late preterm group (21 neonates), full-term group (21 neonates). Another 121 non-RDS children were enrolled as the control group. According to the severity of RDS, the RDS neonates were divided into mild RDS group (grades 1 and 2; 76 neonates), and severe RDS (grades 3 and 4; 21 neonates)...
August 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
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