keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

age related

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102950/quantitative-impact-of-changes-in-marrow-cellularity-skeletal-size-and-bone-mineral-density-on-active-marrow-dosimetry-based-upon-a-reference-model
#1
Amy M Geyer, Bryan C Schwarz, Robert F Hobbs, George Sgouros, Wesley E Bolch
PURPOSE: The hematopoietically active tissues of skeletal bone marrow are a prime target for computational dosimetry given potential risks of leukemia and, at higher dose levels, acute marrow toxicity. The complex three-dimensional geometry of trabecular spongiosa, however, complicates schema for dose assessment in such a way that only a few reference skeletal models have been developed to date, and which are based upon microimaging of a limited number of cadaveric bone spongiosa cores...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102928/reduction-in-colposcopy-workload-and-associated-clinical-activity-following-hpv-catch-up-vaccination-programme-in-scotland-an-ecological-study
#2
M E Cruickshank, J Pan, S C Cotton, K Kavanagh, C Robertson, K Cuschieri, H Cubie, T Palmer, K G Pollock
OBJECTIVE: To measure patterns of clinical activity at colposcopy before and after vaccinated women entered the Scottish Cervical Screening Programme (SCSP). DESIGN: Population-based observational study using nationally collected data. SETTING: Scottish colposcopy clinics. SAMPLE: All women with a date of birth on or after 1 January 1985 who attended colposcopy in Scotland between 2008-2014. METHODS: Routinely collected data from the Scottish National Colposcopy Clinical Information Audit System (NCCIAS) was extracted, including: referral criteria, referral cervical cytology, colposcopic findings, clinical procedures and histology results...
January 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102921/perceived-consequences-changeability-and-personal-control-of-coronary-heart-disease-are-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#3
Arun K Sigurdardottir, Kolbrún Sigurlásdóttir, Kjartan Ólafsson, Margrét Hrönn Svavarsdóttir
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore changes in illness perception and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from the time when patients were discharged from hospital and five months later and to investigate association between illness perception and physical and mental HRQOL at five months follow up. BACKGROUND: Illness perception is known to influence patients' motivation to engage in preventive behavior...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102920/evaluation-of-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-induced-local-complications-in-pediatrics
#4
Baraka M R Abusafia, Handan Boztepe
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the local complications in children who had a peripheral intravenous catheter. BACKGROUND: Currently, the insertion of peripheral intravenous catheters occurs in most children that are hospitalized. However, the development of some complications associated with the insertion of these catheters are unavoidable. A significant aspect of nursing care is to ensure the safety of the placement and management of peripheral intravenous catheters in children...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102898/a-composite-autonomic-index-as-unitary-metric-for-heart-rate-variability-a-proof-of-concept
#5
Roberto Sala, Mara Malacarne, Nadia Solaro, Massimo Pagani, Daniela Lucini
BACKGROUND: This study addresses whether a unitary cardiac autonomic nervous system index (ANSI), obtained combining multiple metrics from Heart Rate Variability (HRV) into a radar plot could provide an easy appreciation of autonomic performance in a clinical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data are standardized using percentile ranking of autonomic proxies from a relatively large reference population (n= 1593, age 39±13 years). Autonomic indices are obtained from autoregressive spectral analysis of (ECG derived) HRV at rest and during standing up...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102889/a-population-based-study-examining-injury-in-older-adults-with-and-without-dementia
#6
Lynn B Meuleners, Michelle B Hobday
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of and risk factors for injuries in older adults with and without dementia. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based cohort study. SETTING: Western Australian Data Linkage System (WADLS). PARTICIPANTS: Cases included 29,671 (47.9%) older adults aged 50 and older with an index hospital admission for dementia between 2001 and 2011. Comparison participants without dementia included a random sample of 32,277 (52...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102877/feasibility-acceptability-and-construct-validity-of-eq-5d-in-systemic-sclerosis
#7
Roberta Gualtierotti, Francesca Ingegnoli, Luciana Scalone, Paolo Cortesi, Eleonora Bruschi, Maria Gerosa, Pier Luigi Meroni
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis is a chronic disabling disease that is often associated with severe physical and psychological impairment. Nonetheless, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with systemic sclerosis is often left behind in clinical practice and research. One of the reasons for this lack of evaluation is the current use of tools, such as the short form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire, that are complete but complicated to use in everyday routine. Other self-reported outcome measures such as the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) are simple, but specifically designed for physical disability...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102875/prevalence-of-abnormal-electrocardiograms-in-swiss-elite-athletes-detected-with-modern-screening-criteria
#8
Tilman Perrin, Lukas Daniel Trachsel, Simon Schneiter, Andrea Menafoglio, Silvia Albrecht, Tony Pirrello, Prisca Eser, Laurent Roten, Boris Gojanovic, Matthias Wilhelm
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Sudden cardiac arrest in athletes is a rare but dramatic event. The value of a routine electrocardiogram (ECG) during preparticipation screening (PPS) remains controversial, partly because of the relatively high number of false positive findings. Our study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of abnormal ECGs in consecutive Swiss elite athletes, overall and with regard to different sports classes, using modern screening criteria. METHODS: We analysed the 12-lead resting ECGs of high-level elite athletes (age ≥14 years) recorded at the Swiss Olympic Medical Centre Magglingen between 2013 and 2016 during routine PPS...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102874/cardiorespiratory-hospitalisation-and-mortality-reductions-after-smoking-bans-in-switzerland
#9
Ana M Vicedo-Cabrera, Martin Röösli, Dragana Radovanovic, Leticia Grize, Fabienne Witassek, Christian Schindler, Laura Perez
INTRODUCTION: Smoking bans are considered one of the most effective policies to reduce population exposure to tobacco smoke and prevent adverse health outcomes. However, evidence on the effect of contextual variables on the effectiveness of smoking bans is still lacking. AIMS: The patchwork of cantonal smoke-free laws in Switzerland was used as a quasi-experimental setting to assess changes after their introduction in: hospitalisations and mortality due to cardiorespiratory diseases in adults; total hospitalisations and hospitalisations due to respiratory disorders in children; and the modifying effects of contextual factors and the effectiveness of the laws...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102854/optimal-gestational-weight-gain-prepregnancy-bmi-specific-influences-on-adverse-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes
#10
A Chen, C Xie, A M Vuong, T Wu, E A DeFranco
OBJECTIVE: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 gestational weight gain (GWG) guidelines are based on prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) categories. We intended to refine optimal GWG for each prepregnancy BMI unit in relation to the risk of small- and large-for-gestational-age (SGA and LGA) births, cesarean section (C-section) and infant death. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from 836,841 Ohio birth records from 2006 to 2012, and applied generalized additive models to calculate optimal GWG by prepregnancy BMI unit...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102853/skin-to-skin-contact-after-birth-and-the-natural-course-of-neurosteroid-levels-in-healthy-term-newborns
#11
K R McCallie, N W Gaikwad, M E Castillo Cuadrado, M Aleman, J E Madigan, D K Stevenson, V K Bhutani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the postnatal course of neurosteroid levels in relation to gender, mode of delivery and the extent of skin-to-skin (STS) contact during the first days of life in healthy term newborns. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of 39 neonates in which parents recorded total duration of STS in the first 2 days and nine neurosteroids (dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate, progesterone, pregnenolone, pregnenolone-sulfate, allopregnanolone, isopregnanolone, epipregnanolone, pregnanolone and pregnanolone-sulfate) were assayed from blood samples at birth and at 1-2 days of age...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102852/anthropometric-trends-from-1997-to-2012-in-infants-born-at-%C3%A2-28-weeks-gestation-or-less
#12
N Wells, T A Stokes, K Ottolini, C H Olsen, A R Spitzer, C E Hunt
OBJECTIVE: Postnatal growth failure is common after preterm birth, in particular for infants born at ⩽28 weeks' gestation, but it is unknown if growth-to-term equivalent age has improved over the years as neonatal intensive care in general, and infant nutrition in particular, have improved. The objective of the study was to evaluate anthropometric trends at NICU discharge for infants born at ⩽28 weeks' gestation using a large national database. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of growth in weight, length, head circumference and body mass index (kg m(2)) in 23 005 infants born in 1997 to 2012 who survived to neonatal intensive care unit discharge at ⩽41 weeks' postmenstrual age...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102792/a-study-exploring-the-protean-responses-of-nurses-transitioning-to-primary-healthcare
#13
Christine Ashley, Elizabeth Halcomb, Angela Brown
Background Healthcare systems are faced with changing community health profiles and ageing populations. Together with economic considerations, these factors have influenced the increase in provision of care in primary rather than other healthcare settings. Many nurses are electing to move from acute care to meet demands for a skilled primary healthcare workforce. However, little is reported about these nurses' experiences of transition. Aim To describe how role theory provides a theoretical framework to inform the design of a mixed-methods study exploring the transition of acute care nurses to roles in primary health care...
January 23, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102718/vitamin-d-status-aeroallergen-sensitization-and-allergic-rhinitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Zahra Aryan, Nima Rezaei, Carlos A Camargo
PURPOSE: The role of vitamin D status in the etiology of allergic diseases is uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of vitamin D status with risk of two main outcomes: aeroallergen sensitization and allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of Medline, Scopus, Science Citation Index, and Google Scholar databases. Studies were included if they reported on prevalent or incident cases of aeroallergen sensitization or AR according to vitamin D status...
January 19, 2017: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102592/six-uneventful-pregnancy-outcomes-in-an-extended-vascular-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-family
#15
Annette F Baas, Wilko Spiering, Frans L Moll, Lieve Page-Christiaens, Ingrid C M Beenakkers, Dennis Dooijes, Evert-Jan P A Vonken, Jasper J van der Smagt, Nine V Knoers, Steven V Koenen, Joost A van Herwaarden, Gertjan Tj Sieswerda
Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (vEDS) is caused by heterozygous mutations in COL3A1 and is characterized by fragile vasculature and hollow organs, with a high risk of catastrophic events at a young age. During pregnancy and delivery, maternal mortality rates up until 25% have been reported. However, recent pedigree analysis reported a substantial lower pregnancy-related mortality rate of 4.9%. Here, we describe an extended vEDS family with multiple uneventful pregnancy outcomes. In the proband, a 37-year-old woman, DNA-analysis because of an asymptomatic iliac artery dissection revealed a pathogenic mutation in COL3A1 (c...
February 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102583/successful-splenorenal-shunt-occlusion-with-balloon-occluded-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-yielded-improvement-of-residual-liver-function-enabled-administration-of-direct-acting-antivirals-and-achieved-sustained-virologic-response-to-hepatitis-c-virus
#16
Hironori Ochi, Michiko Aono, Shunji Takechi, Toshie Mashiba, Tomoyuki Yokota, Kouji Joko
We report the use of balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) for portosystemic shunt in one patient, resulting in marked improvements in residual liver function and enabling safe hepatitis C virus (HCV) elimination with direct-acting antiviral agents. A woman undergoing outpatient treatment at our institution for HCV-related cirrhosis with a history of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment developed hepatic encephalopathy (HE; Child-Pugh score 8) at age 65 years. Improvement was obtained with conservative treatment; however, contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a splenorenal shunt with decreased portal vein blood flow...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102554/what-are-the-predicting-factors-for-the-therapeutic-effects-of-dutasteride-in-male-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-investigation-using-a-urodynamic-study
#17
Yoshihisa Matsukawa, Masashi Kato, Yasuhito Funahashi, Tsuyoshi Majima, Tokunori Yamamoto, Momokazu Gotoh
AIMS: We investigated predicting factors for the therapeutic effects of dutasteride in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) based on a urodynamic study (UDS). METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective study involving 120 male outpatients with LUTS. They received 0.5 mg of dutasteride per day for 12 months. IPSS, OABSS, IPSS-QOL, and UDS were used for assessing subjective and objective symptoms prior to and 12 months after administration...
January 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102549/enhancing-capillary-blood-collection-the-influence-of-nicotinic-acid-and-nonivamide
#18
Christian Moro, Jessica Bass, Anna Mae Scott, Elisa F D Canetti
BACKGROUND: Nicotinic acid and nonivamide are often applied topically during capillary blood collection to induce vasodilation. These molecules may have an influence on immune effector cell activity in nearby tissues. This study investigates whether the induction of flushing by nicotinic acid and nonivamide causes an inflammatory response that influences the composition of immune cells present in a capillary blood sample. METHODS: Females aged between 18 and 30 years old provided capillary blood samples...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102546/ataluren-and-similar-compounds-specific-therapies-for-premature-termination-codon-class-i-mutations-for-cystic-fibrosis
#19
REVIEW
Aisha A Aslam, Colin Higgins, Ian P Sinha, Kevin W Southern
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a common life-shortening genetic disorder in the Caucasian population (less common in other ethnic groups) caused by the mutation of a single gene that codes for the production of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein. This protein coordinates the transport of salt (and bicarbonate) across cell surfaces and the mutation most notably affects the airways. In the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis, defective protein results in a dehydrated surface liquid and compromised mucociliary clearance...
January 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102493/a-meta-analysis-of-working-memory-impairments-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Ya Wang, Yi-Bing Zhang, Lu-Lu Liu, Ji-Fang Cui, Jing Wang, David H K Shum, Therese van Amelsvoort, Raymond C K Chan
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by executive dysfunction, and working memory (WM) comprises one core component of executive function. Many studies have investigated WM impairments in individuals with ASD, however, a conclusive agreement has not been reached. The present study provided a meta-analytic review of WM impairments in individuals with ASD and evaluated potential moderating variables of this problem. Twenty-eight studies were included in this study, and the participants comprised 819 individuals with ASD and 875 healthy controls...
January 19, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
keyword
keyword
70399
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"