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Chun-Yu Wei, Tai-Ming Ko, Chen-Yang Shen, Yuan-Tsong Chen
In some adverse drug reactions (ADRs), genetic predisposition plays a significant role in pathogenesis, and the skin is the most frequently reported target. These severe cutaneous ADRs include bullous fixed drug eruptions (FDE), acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP), drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (HSS), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). The putative contribution of individual effector cells in drug hypersensitivity is briefly mentioned. To trigger these drug hypersensitivities, certain class I HLA alleles (e...
2012: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Ioannis S Vizirianakis
UNLABELLED: Recent technological advances in nanomedicine and nanotechnology in parallel with knowledge accumulated from the clinical translation of disease- and drug-related genomic data have created fertile ground for personalized medicine to emerge as the new direction in diagnosis and drug therapy. To this end, the development of sophisticated nano-based systems for targeted drug delivery, along with the advent of pharmacogenomics, moves the drug-prescription process toward pharmacotyping, e...
February 2011: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
C Lanni, M Racchi, D Uberti, G Mazzini, S Stanga, E Sinforiani, M Memo, S Govoni
In spite of the fact that the aging organism is the result of complex life-long gene/environment interactions, making peculiar the susceptibility to diseases and the response to drugs, pharmacogenetics studies are largely neglected in the aged. Altered response to drugs, cardiovascular and metabolic alterations, cancer and dementia are among the age associated ailments. The latter two are the major contributors to illness burden for the aged. Aging, dementia and cancer share a critical set of altered cellular functions in the response to DNA damage, genotoxic stress, and other insults...
2008: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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