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Kidney stone protein binding

Adrian Rafael Murillo-de-Ozores, Alejandro Rodriguez-Gama, Silvana Bazua-Valenti, Karla Leyva-Rios, Norma Vazquez, Diana Pacheco-Alvarez, Inti A De-La-Rosa-Velazquez, Agnieszka Wengi, Kathryn L Stone, Junhui Zhang, Johannes Loffing, Richard P Lifton, Chao-Ling Yang, David Ellison, Gerardo Gamba, Maria Castañeda Bueno
WNK lysine-deficient protein kinase 4 (WNK4) is an important regulator of renal salt handling. Mutations in its gene cause pseudohypoaldosteronism type II, mainly arising from overactivation of the renal NaCl cotransporter NCC. In addition to full-length WNK4, we have observed faster migrating bands (between 95 and 130 kDa) in Western blots of kidney lysates. Therefore, we hypothesized that these could correspond to uncharacterized WNK4 variants. Here, using several WNK4 antibodies and WNK4-/- mice as controls, we showed that these bands indeed correspond to short WNK4 variants that are not observed in other tissue lysates...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yunlong Wang, Mengshi Wang, Kaiyue Fan, Tongde Li, Tingxu Yan, Bo Wu, Kaishun Bi, Ying Jia
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Alpinae Oxyphyllae Fructus (AOF) with warming and tonifying the kidney and spleen, anti-salivation, anti-polyuria and anti-diarrhea functions is the dried ripe fruits of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. (Zingiberaceae). As a traditional Chinese medicine, its application history is very long. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The purpose of our study is to investigate the effects of different solvent extracts from AOF on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced animal model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) to elucidate the traditional medical theories with modern pharmacological methods and provide a reference for further clarifying its active components and mechanisms...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Emma Dal Maso, Rasmus Just, Caroline Hick, Arthur Christopoulos, Patrick M Sexton, Denise Wootten, Sebastian G B Furness
The calcitonin receptor (CTR) is a class B G protein-coupled receptor that is a therapeutic target for the treatment of hypercalcaemia of malignancy, Paget's disease and osteoporosis. In primates, the CTR is subject to alternative splicing, with a unique, primate-specific splice variant being preferentially expressed in reproductive organs, lung and kidney. In addition, humans possess a common non-synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) encoding a proline/leucine substitution in the C-terminal tail...
February 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Anna L Zisman
Nephrolithiasis is highly prevalent across all demographic groups in the Western world and beyond, and its incidence rates are rising. In addition to the morbidity of the acute event, stone disease often becomes a lifelong problem that requires preventative therapy to diminish ongoing morbidity. Across the majority of stone types, increased fluid intake and targeted dietary modifications are mainstays of therapy. Specific dietary interventions associated with reduced calcium stone risk include adequate dietary calcium intake and restriction of sodium, protein, and oxalate intake, among others...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Meng Li, Lijun Wang, Christine V Putnis
Calcium oxalate kidney stones form attached to Randall's plaques (RP), calcium phosphate (Ca-P) deposits on the renal papillary surface. Osteopontin (OPN) suppresses crystal growth in the complex process of urinary stone formation, but the inhibitory role of active domains of OPN involved in the initial formation of the RPs attached to epithelial cells has yet to be clarified. Here we demonstrate the thermodynamic basis for how OPN sequences regulate the onset of Ca-P mineral formation on lipid rafts as a model membrane...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Juthatip Manissorn, Kedsarin Fong-Ngern, Paleerath Peerapen, Visith Thongboonkerd
Urine pH has been thought to be an important factor that can modulate kidney stone formation. Nevertheless, there was no systematic evaluation of such pH effect. Our present study thus addressed effects of differential urine pH (4.0-8.0) on calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystallization, crystal-cell adhesion, crystal internalization into renal tubular cells, and binding of apical membrane proteins to the crystals. Microscopic examination revealed that CaOx monohydrate (COM), the pathogenic form, was crystallized with greatest size, number and total mass at pH 4...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
José A Reyes-Darias, Tino Krell
In nature, bacteria can exist as single motile cells or as sessile cellular community, known as microbial biofilms. Bacteria within biofilms are embedded in a self-produced extracellular matrix that makes them more resistant to antibiotic treatment and responses of the host immune system. Microbial biofilms are very important in medicine since they are associated with several human diseases such as dental caries, periodontitis, otitis media, infective endocarditis, infectious kidney stones, osteomyelitis or prostatitis...
April 7, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Larisa Kovacevic, Hong Lu, Joseph A Caruso, Tuhina Govil-Dalela, Ronald Thomas, Yegappan Lakshmanan
BACKGROUND: Using a proteomic approach, we aimed to identify and compare the urinary excretion of proteins involved in lipid transport and metabolism in children with kidney stones and hypercalciuria (CAL), hypocitraturia (CIT), and normal metabolic work-up (NM), and in healthy controls (HCs). Additionally, we aimed to confirm these results using ELISA, and to examine the relationship between the urinary excretion of selected proteins with demographic, dietary, blood, and urinary parameters...
June 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Paleerath Peerapen, Visith Thongboonkerd
Recent large 3 cohorts have shown that caffeinated beverage consumption was associated with lower risk of kidney stone disease. However, its protective mechanisms remained unknown and had not been previously investigated. We thus evaluated protective effects of caffeine (1 μM-10 mM) on calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) kidney stone formation, using crystallization, crystal growth, cell-crystal adhesion, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence assays. The results showed that caffeine reduced crystal number but, on the other hand, increased crystal size, resulting in unchanged crystal mass, consistent with crystal growth that was not affected by caffeine...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Kedsarin Fong-Ngern, Visith Thongboonkerd
To search for a strategy to prevent kidney stone formation/recurrence, this study addressed the role of α-enolase on apical membrane of renal tubular cells in mediating calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystal adhesion. Its presence on apical membrane and in COM crystal-bound fraction was confirmed by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining. Pretreating MDCK cells with anti-α-enolase antibody, not isotype-controlled IgG, dramatically reduced cell-crystal adhesion. Immunofluorescence staining also confirmed the direct binding of purified α-enolase to COM crystals at {121} > {100} > {010} crystal faces...
October 31, 2016: Scientific Reports
Nutkridta Pongsakul, Arada Vinaiphat, Prangwalai Chanchaem, Kedsarin Fong-Ngern, Visith Thongboonkerd
A previous study reported that lamin A/C (LMNA) expression was increased in renal tubular cells adhered with calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals; however, its functional significance in kidney stone disease remained unknown. In the present study, increased levels of LMNA and its partner, nesprin-1 (SYNE1), in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells upon COM crystal adhesion were confirmed by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining. LMNA was then knocked down by small interfering RNA. Immunofluorescence staining confirmed the efficiency of small interfering RNA of LMNA (si-LMNA), which also reduced expression of its partner, SYNE1...
October 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Juthatip Manissorn, Visith Thongboonkerd
UNLABELLED: Heparin-binding proteins (HBPs) are considered as potential modulators of kidney stone formation. However, HBPs had not been characterized in the urine previously. In this study, we applied affinity purification-mass spectrometry (AP-MS) using cellufine sulfate column chromatography and liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF MS/MS) to identify HBPs in normal human urine. Using this approach, 83 HBPs were identified, including those involved in metabolic process, cellular process, immune system, developmental process, response to stimuli, cell communication, transport, cell adhesion and others...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
Kedsarin Fong-Ngern, Kanyarat Sueksakit, Visith Thongboonkerd
Adhesion of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals on renal tubular epithelial cells is a crucial step in kidney stone formation. Finding potential crystal receptors on the apical membrane of the cells may lead to a novel approach to prevent kidney stone disease. Our previous study identified a large number of crystal-binding proteins on the apical membrane of MDCK cells. However, their functional role as potential crystal receptors had not been validated. The present study aimed to address the potential role of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) as a COM crystal receptor...
July 2016: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
Hasan Fattah, Yasmin Hambaroush, David S Goldfarb
Our understanding of the molecular basis of cystinuria has deepened as the result of the causative genes, SLC3A1 and SLC7A9, being identified. The proteins coded for by these genes form a heterodimer responsible for reabsorption of filtered cystine in the proximal tubule. Failure of this transport system to be targeted to the apical membrane, as in the case of SLC3A1 mutations, or failure of the transport system to function, as in the case of SLC7A9 mutations, leads to abnormal urinary excretion of the relatively insoluble amino acid cystine...
September 1, 2014: Translational Andrology and Urology
Shigeru Shibata, Juan Pablo Arroyo, María Castañeda-Bueno, Jeremy Puthumana, Junhui Zhang, Shunya Uchida, Kathryn L Stone, TuKiet T Lam, Richard P Lifton
Hypertension contributes to the global burden of cardiovascular disease. Increased dietary K(+) reduces blood pressure; however, the mechanism has been obscure. Human genetic studies have suggested that the mechanism is an obligatory inverse relationship between renal salt reabsorption and K(+) secretion. Mutations in the kinases with-no-lysine 4 (WNK4) or WNK1, or in either Cullin 3 (CUL3) or Kelch-like 3 (KLHL3)--components of an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex that targets WNKs for degradation--cause constitutively increased renal salt reabsorption and impaired K(+) secretion, resulting in hypertension and hyperkalemia...
October 28, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Tao Na, Ji-Bin Peng
TRPV5 is one of the two channels in the TRPV family that exhibit high selectivity to Ca(2+) ions. TRPV5 mediates Ca(2+) influx into cells as the first step to transport Ca(2+) across epithelia. The specialized distribution in the distal tubule of the kidney positions TRPV5 as a key player in Ca(2+) reabsorption. The responsiveness in expression and/or activity of TRPV5 to hormones such as 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, parathyroid hormone, estrogen, and testosterone makes TRPV5 suitable for its role in the fine-tuning of Ca(2+) reabsorption...
2014: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Yi-Lei Wu, Daw-Yang Hwang, Hui-Pin Hsiao, Wei-Hsin Ting, Chi-Yu Huang, Wen-Yu Tsai, Hung-Chun Chen, Mei-Chyn Chao, Fu-Sung Lo, Jeng-Daw Tsai, Stone Yang, Shin-Lin Shih, Shuan-Pei Lin, Chiung-Ling Lin, Yann-Jinn Lee
An inactivating mutation in the GNAS gene causes either pseudohypoparathyroidism 1a (PHP1A) when it is maternally inherited or pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism (PPHP) when it is paternally inherited. We investigated clinical manifestations and mutations of the GNAS gene in ethnic Chinese patients with PHP1A or PPHP. Seven patients from 5 families including 4 girls and 2 boys with PHP1A and 1 girl with PPHP were studied. All PHP1A patients had mental retardation. They were treated with calcitriol and CaCO3 with regular monitoring of serum Ca levels, urinary Ca/Cr ratios, and renal sonography...
2014: PloS One
Maria Goiko, Joshua Dierolf, Jared S Gleberzon, Yinyin Liao, Bernd Grohe, Harvey A Goldberg, John R de Bruyn, Graeme K Hunter
Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is a phosphorylated and γ-carboxylated protein that has been shown to prevent the deposition of hydroxyapatite crystals in the walls of blood vessels. MGP is also expressed in kidney and may inhibit the formation of kidney stones, which mainly consist of another crystalline phase, calcium oxalate monohydrate. To determine the mechanism by which MGP prevents soft-tissue calcification, we have synthesized peptides corresponding to the phosphorylated and γ-carboxylated sequences of human MGP in both post-translationally modified and non-modified forms...
2013: PloS One
Kanu Priya Aggarwal, Simran Tandon, Pradeep Kumar Naik, Shrawan Kumar Singh, Chanderdeep Tandon
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of patients suffering from urolithiasis represents one of the major challenges which nephrologists face worldwide today. For enhancing therapeutic outcomes of this disease, the pathogenic basis for the formation of renal stones is the need of hour. Proteins are found as major component in human renal stone matrix and are considered to have a potential role in crystal-membrane interaction, crystal growth and stone formation but their role in urolithiasis still remains obscure...
2013: PloS One
Nilubon Singhto, Kitisak Sintiprungrat, Visith Thongboonkerd
The presence of macrophages in renal interstitium is the key feature of progressive renal inflammation in kidney stone disease. However, response of macrophages to calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals, the major crystalline composition of kidney stone, remained unclear. This study aimed to investigate alterations in the cellular proteome of macrophages induced by COM crystals using a proteomics approach. U937-derived macrophages (by phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate activation) were incubated without or with 100 μg/mL COM crystals for 24 h...
August 2, 2013: Journal of Proteome Research
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