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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239931/transition-readiness-adolescent-responsibility-and-executive-functioning-among-pediatric-transplant-recipients-caregivers-perspectives
#1
Ana M Gutierrez-Colina, Bonney Reed-Knight, Cyd Eaton, Jennifer Lee, Kristin Loiselle Rich, Laura Mee, Curtis Travers, Ronald L Blount
This study aimed both to evaluate caregivers' perspectives of EF and transition readiness among adolescent transplant recipients and to examine the indirect effects of adolescent responsibility and parent involvement across domains of EF. Fifty-seven caregivers of adolescent solid organ transplant recipients participated in this study and completed measures of adolescent EF, transition readiness, responsibility in healthcare behavior, and parent involvement. Bootstrapping procedures were used to test indirect effects...
February 27, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239841/the-structure-of-nursing-a-national-examination-of-titles-and-practice-profiles
#2
G Gardner, C Duffield, A Doubrovsky, U T Bui, M Adams
AIM: To identify the practice patterns of the Australian registered nurse workforce according to position title and to map these disparate titles across all jurisdictions of the country. INTRODUCTION: Effective nursing workforce planning can contribute to improved patient care and increased effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare systems. BACKGROUND: The prevailing approach to nursing workforce planning focuses on number of nursing staff needed in relation to the number of patients...
February 26, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239755/increasing-cancer-screening-among-old-order-anabaptist-women-through-specialized-women-s-health-and-integrated-cancer-screening-interventions
#3
Kate McBride, Dionne Gesink
Our objective was to develop, deliver, and evaluate a cancer screening intervention focused on rural Anabaptist communities in Ontario, Canada, to increase routine cancer screenings among women. We carried out three cancer prevention and screening interventions with Old Order Anabaptist women. Each intervention consisted of: transportation to the site, pre-arranged screening services, health teachings, fellowship and shopping, and an evaluative survey. Seventy five women total participated over three interventions...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239604/predictors-of-antenatal-care-skilled-birth-attendance-and-postnatal-care-utilization-among-the-remote-and-poorest-rural-communities-of-zambia-a-multilevel-analysis
#4
Choolwe Jacobs, Mosa Moshabela, Sitali Maswenyeho, Nildah Lambo, Charles Michelo
OBJECTIVE: Optimal utilization of maternal health-care services is associated with reduction of mortality and morbidity for both mothers and their neonates. However, deficiencies and disparity in the use of key maternal health services within most developing countries still persist. We examined patterns and predictors associated with the utilization of specific indicators for maternal health services among mothers living in the poorest and remote district populations of Zambia. METHODS: A cross-sectional baseline household survey was conducted in May 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239485/protocol-for-the-evaluation-of-a-digital-storytelling-approach-to-address-stigma-and-improve-readiness-to-seek-services-among-veterans
#5
Brian E Bunnell, Tatiana M Davidson, Jessica L Hamblen, Danna L Cook, Anouk L Grubaugh, Brian E Lozano, Peter W Tuerk, Kenneth J Ruggiero
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that at least 10% of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan meet criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to their military experiences. National dissemination initiatives have increased veterans' access to best-practice interventions. However, treatment-seeking remains low among veterans with PTSD, often due to perceived stigma and other associated barriers. The National Center for PTSD recently developed and launched AboutFace, a digital storytelling (DST) resource designed to help veterans recognize PTSD and motivate them to seek evidence-based treatment...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239448/medical-care-epidemiology-and-unwarranted-variation-the-israeli-case
#6
EDITORIAL
David C Goodman, Andrew A Goodman
In an article in this Journal, Mendlovic and colleagues report on regional variation in medical care across Israeli regions. This study joins a growing literature demonstrating generally high variation in the provision of health care services within developed countries. This commentary summarizes the status of medical care epidemiology and its studies of unwarranted variation in health care, and provides a conceptual framework to guide future studies. Recommendations are offered for advancing studies in Israel that could guide policy development and clinical improvement...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238555/prediction-of-five-year-all-cause-mortality-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Eric Yuk Fai Wan, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Colman Siu Cheung Fung, Esther Yee Tak Yu, Weng Yee Chin, Anca Ka Chun Chan, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam
AIMS: This study aimed to develop and validate an all-cause mortality risk prediction model for Chinese primary care patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) in Hong Kong. METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted on 132,462 Chinese patients who had received public primary care services during 2010. Each gender sample was randomly split on a 2:1 basis into derivation and validation cohorts and was followed-up for a median period of 5years...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238245/rheumatic-fever-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-collaboration-patterns-and-research-core-topics
#8
Alejandro Salinas, Gregorio González, Jose Manuel Ramos
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) are important health problems in developing countries. The study aim was to provide a review and content analysis of the scientific literature on rheumatic fever and RHD over a 70-year period. METHODS: Medline was employed via the online PubMed service of the US National Library of Medicine, to search for all documents containing the MeSH terms 'rheumatic fever' or 'rheumatic heart disease' between January 1945 and December 2013...
September 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238031/disclosure-of-cancer-diagnosis-an-individualized-and-non-paternalistic-approach-is-preferred
#9
Mohammad Al Qadire
There is no consensus among healthcare providers on a unified disclosure practice with regard to cancer diagnosis, whether to tell or not. This issue is complicated by the absence of a clear policy for healthcare practitioners, who face this dilemma every day in their clinical practice. This study uniquely aims to explore Jordanian public preference on cancer diagnosis disclosure and the type of information they need. A descriptive cross-sectional survey design was used in this study. The sample consisted of 485 participants who were conveniently selected from the Jordanian public, and data was collected using the Arabic-Cancer Patients Information Needs Questionnaire...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237958/study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-efficacy-of-a-smoking-cessation-e-tabac-info-service-ee-tis-trial
#10
L Cambon, P Bergman, Al Le Faou, I Vincent, B Le Maitre, A Pasquereau, P Arwidson, D Thomas, F Alla
INTRODUCTION: A French national smoking cessation service, Tabac Info Service, has been developed to provide an adapted quitline and a web and mobile application involving personalised contacts (eg, questionnaires, advice, activities, messages) to support smoking cessation. This paper presents the study protocol of the evaluation of the application (e-intervention Tabac Info Service (e-TIS)). The primary objective is to assess the efficacy of e-TIS. The secondary objectives are to (1) describe efficacy variations with regard to users' characteristics, (2) analyse mechanisms and contextual conditions of e-TIS efficacy...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237939/virtual-network-embedding-via-monte-carlo-tree-search
#11
Soroush Haeri, Ljiljana Trajkovic
Network virtualization helps overcome shortcomings of the current Internet architecture. The virtualized network architecture enables coexistence of multiple virtual networks (VNs) on an existing physical infrastructure. VN embedding (VNE) problem, which deals with the embedding of VN components onto a physical network, is known to be NP-hard. In this paper, we propose two VNE algorithms: MaVEn-M and MaVEn-S. MaVEn-M employs the multicommodity flow algorithm for virtual link mapping while MaVEn-S uses the shortest-path algorithm...
February 20, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237761/disordered-lives-life-circumstances-and-clinical-characteristics-of-very-frequent-users-of-emergency-departments-for-primary-mental-health-complaints
#12
Xiangfei Meng, Tracy Muggli, Marilyn Baetz, Carl D'Arcy
This study explored the life circumstances and clinical characteristics of very frequent users of emergency departments (EDs) presenting with a primary mental health complaint. Patients with 10 or more EDs visits in 2012 with a primary psychiatric diagnosis in a Canadian regional health authority were identified from electronic administrative files. The hospital charts for these patients were thoroughly reviewed for a three-year period, from 2011 to 2013. A retrospective thematic analysis was undertaken. Very frequent users of EDs were generally young to early middle aged, unemployed, living in transient accommodations, having substance abuse diagnoses, and self-referred to EDs for a variety of psychiatric and health symptoms and/or unmet needs...
February 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237388/using-administrative-data-to-look-at-changes-in-the-level-and-distribution-of-out-of-pocket-medical-expenditure-an-example-using-medicare-data-from-australia
#13
Xinyang Hua, Guido Erreygers, John Chalmers, Tracey-Lea Laba, Philip Clarke
OBJECTIVES: Australia's universal health insurance system Medicare generates very large amounts of data on out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE), but only highly aggregated statistics are routinely published. Our primary purpose is to develop indices from the Medicare administrative data to quantify changes in the level and distribution of OOPE on out-of-hospital medical services over time. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Australian Hypertension and Absolute Risk Study, which involved patients aged 55 years and over (n=2653)...
February 22, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237357/integrating-social-context-into-comprehensive-shared-care-plans-a-scoping-review
#14
Suzanne S Sullivan, Francine Mistretta, Sabrina Casucci, Sharon Hewner
BACKGROUND: Failure to address social determinants of health (SDH) may contribute to the problem of readmissions in high-risk individuals. Comprehensive shared care plans (CSCP) may improve care continuity and health outcomes by communicating SDH risk factors across settings. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study to evaluate the state of knowledge for integrating SDH into a CSCP. Our scoping review of the literature considered 13,886 articles, of which seven met inclusion criteria...
February 3, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237200/concerns-around-budget-impact-thresholds-not-all-drugs-are-the-same
#15
Michael Ciarametaro, Susan Abedi, Adam Sohn, Colin Fan Ge, Neel Odedara, Robert Dubois
BACKGROUND: The use of budget thresholds is a recent development in the United States (e.g., the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review drug assessments). Budget thresholds establish limits that require some type of budgetary action if exceeded. This research focused on the advisability of using product-level budget thresholds as fixed spending caps by examining whether they are likely to improve or worsen market efficiency over status quo. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether fixed product-level spending caps are advisable for biopharmaceuticals...
February 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237191/child-sexual-abuse-and-exploitation-a-global-glimpse
#16
Howard Dubowitz
The view of what constitutes child abuse and neglect is dependent on the laws, cultural context, local thresholds and the availability. Since 1982, the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) has conducted surveillance of child maltreatment and child protection every two years, published in World Perspectives on Child Abuse. It is hoped that up to date information will inform the development of laws, policies and programs to better address child abuse and neglect. This article is based on data on child sexual abuse and exploitation from 73 countries gathered online in 2015-16 for the 12 edition of World Perspectives...
February 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236818/selecting-sustainability-indicators-for-small-to-medium-sized-urban-water-systems-using-fuzzy-electre
#17
Gyan Chhipi-Shrestha, Kasun Hewage, Rehan Sadiq
  Urban water systems (UWSs) are challenged by the sustainability perspective. Certain limitations of the sustainability of centralized UWSs and decentralized household level wastewater treatments can be overcome by managing UWSs at an intermediate scale, referred to as small to medium sized UWSs (SMUWSs). SMUWSs are different from large UWSs, mainly in terms of smaller infrastructure, data limitation, smaller service area, and institutional limitations. Moreover, sustainability assessment systems to evaluate the sustainability of an entire UWS are very limited and confined only to large UWSs...
March 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236801/implementation-of-an-e-interconsultation-system-between-a-hospital-pharmacy-service-and-primary-care-pharmacy-units-in-a-health-area
#18
Marta García-Queiruga, Luis Margusino-Framiñán, Isabel Martín-Herranz, Miguel Gutiérrez-Estoa, Xosé Güeto-Rial, Judith Capitán-Guarnizo, Alfredo Silva-Tojo
PURPOSE: To present the requirements, development, structure and results of an electronic interconsultation platform (e-Interconsultation) for communication between primary and hospital care. METHOD: A working group was created and set out its purposes, working schedule, software requirements, the structure of the electronic platform, validation procedure, and its implementation. Once the software had been developed and validated and training sessions were conducted, the electronicplatform was launched in June 2015...
March 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236754/lymphohaematopoietic-malignancies-in-scottish-military-veterans-retrospective-cohort-study-of-57-000-veterans-and-173-000-non-veterans
#19
Beverly P Bergman, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell
BACKGROUND: Lymphohaematopoietic malignancies are common in the general population. There have been concerns that military service may be associated with increased risk as a result of occupational exposures. To date, few studies have demonstrated an increased risk, although a disability pension is payable to veterans who were present at nuclear tests and who develop leukaemia (other than chronic lymphocytic leukaemia). The aim of the study was to utilise data from the Scottish Veterans Health Study to examine the risk of lymphohaematopoietic malignancy following military service in a large national cohort of veterans...
February 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236688/interventions-and-working-relationships-of-voluntary-organisations-for-diabetes-self-management-a-cross-national-study
#20
Mari Carmen Portillo, Anne Kennedy, Elka Todorova, Elena Regaira, Michel Wensing, Christina Foss, Christos Lionis, Ivaylo Vassilev, Valentin Goev, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: Diabetes has become a challenging health priority globally. Given the tensions of financially burdened health systems in Europe the mobilisation of community resources like voluntary organisations and community groups is seen as a health policy strategy to sustain the management of long-term conditions like diabetes. However, little is known about how this is happening in practice in Europe. OBJECTIVES: To explore diabetes self-management interventions undertaken or promoted by voluntary organisations and community groups in Europe; and describe the types of working relationships between these organisations, European health systems and users when implementing diabetes self-management programmes in different areas...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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