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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913397/prospective-study-of-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-and-thyroid-cancer-risk-in-the-united-states
#1
Rachel D Zamoiski, Elizabeth K Cahoon, D Michal Freedman, Martha S Linet, Cari M Kitahara
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer incidence has tripled in the past three decades, yet relatively few risk factors have been identified. Some studies have suggested that ultraviolet radiation (UVR) may affect thyroid cancer risk. METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis of 44,039 participants in the United States Radiologic Technologists study (153 thyroid cancer cases) from all 50 states. We examined the association between risk of thyroid cancer and exposure to UVR, estimated by ambient UVR, time outdoors, and a combined variable...
December 2, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908191/technical-note-display-window-setting-an-important-factor-for-detecting-subtle-but-clinically-relevant-artifacts-in-daily-ct-quality-control
#2
Zaiyang Long, Michael R Bruesewitz, Emily N Sheedy, Michele A Powell, Jacqualynn C Kramer, Randall R Supalla, Chance M Colvin, Jessica R Bechel, Christopher P Favazza, James M Kofler, Shuai Leng, Cynthia H McCollough, Lifeng Yu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of display window setting on technologist performance detecting subtle but clinically relevant artifacts in daily computed tomography (CT) quality control (dQC) images. METHODS: Fifty three sets of dQC images were retrospectively selected, including 30 sets without artifacts, and 23 with subtle but clinically relevant artifacts. They were randomized and shown to six CT technologists (two new and four experienced)...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867179/required-work-for-a-radiology-technologist-in-ir
#3
Seiki Hosokawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837126/medical-imaging-and-infertility
#4
Rebecca Peterson
Infertility affects many couples, and medical imaging plays a vital role in its diagnosis and treatment. Radiologic technologists benefit from having a broad understanding of infertility risk factors and causes. This article describes the typical structure and function of the male and female reproductive systems, as well as congenital and acquired conditions that could lead to a couple's inability to conceive. Medical imaging procedures performed for infertility diagnosis are discussed, as well as common interventional options available to patients...
November 2016: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837124/a-multidiscipline-study-of-education-program-accreditation-type-and-certification-exam-performance
#5
Ben Babcock
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between radiologic technologists' performance on 3 medical certification exams and the type of accredited education program they attended. METHODS: Data came from 3 certification exam programs administered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). The author used simple means and mixed-effect models to analyze 13 years of data. RESULTS: The difference in performance between programs with and without programmatic accreditation, as modeled with linear mixed-effect models, amounted to approximately 2 exam questions out of 200 for radiography, no difference for nuclear medicine technology, and approximately 4 questions out of 200 for radiation therapy...
November 2016: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815055/strengths-and-deficiencies-in-the-content%C3%A2-of-us-radiology-private-practices-%C3%A2-websites
#6
Evan J Johnson, Ankur M Doshi, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
PURPOSE: The Internet provides a potentially valuable mechanism for radiology practices to communicate with patients and enhance the patient experience. The aim of this study was to assess the websites of US radiology private practices, with attention to the frequency of content of potential patient interest. METHODS: The 50 largest private practice radiology facilities in the United States were identified from RadiologyBusiness.com. Websites were reviewed for information content and functionality...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815053/comparative-effectiveness-of-hands-on-versus-computer-simulation-based-training-for-contrast-media-reactions-and-teamwork-skills
#7
Carolyn L Wang, Sankar Chinnugounder, Daniel S Hippe, Sadaf Zaidi, Ryan B O'Malley, Puneet Bhargava, William H Bush
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of interprofessional teams of radiologists, technologists, and nurses trained with high-fidelity hands-on (HO) simulation and computer-based (CB) simulation training for contrast reaction management (CR) and teamwork skills (TS). METHODS: Nurses, technologists, and radiology residents were randomized into 11 teams of three (one of each). Six teams underwent HO training and five underwent CB training for CR and TS. Participants took written tests before and after training and were further tested using a high-fidelity simulation scenario...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805431/sensation-of-smell-and-taste-during-intravenous-injection-of-iodinated-contrast-media-in-ct-examinations
#8
Naoto Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro Fukushima, Aiko Yamaguchi, Naoki Nagasawa, Ayako Taketomi-Takahashi, Takayuki Suto, Yoshito Tsushima
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and types of sensation of smell and taste during intravenous injection of five kinds of contrast media (CM) in computed tomography (CT) examinations. METHODS: 735 patients who underwent contrast enhanced (CE)-CT between 14 March 2016 and 5 April 2016 were enrolled. Medical staff asked patients whether they felt heat sensation and sensation of smell and taste during intravenous injection of CM (one of the following: Iopromide, Iomeprol, Iopamidol, Iohexol and Ioversol) after their CE-CT...
November 2, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787667/quantification-of-hazard-prediction-ability-at-hazard-prediction-training-kiken-yochi-training-kyt-by-free-response-receiver-operating-characteristic-froc-analysis
#9
Masahiro Hashida, Ryousuke Kamezaki, Makoto Goto, Junji Shiraishi
The ability to predict hazards in possible situations in a general X-ray examination room created for Kiken-Yochi training (KYT) is quantified by use of free-response receiver-operating characteristics (FROC) analysis for determining whether the total number of years of clinical experience, involvement in general X-ray examinations, occupation, and training each have an impact on the hazard prediction ability. Twenty-three radiological technologists (RTs) (years of experience: 2-28), four nurses (years of experience: 15-19), and six RT students observed 53 scenes of KYT: 26 scenes with hazardous points (hazardous points are those that might cause injury to patients) and 27 scenes without points...
October 27, 2016: Radiological Physics and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777784/relating-factors-to-wearing-personal-radiation-protectors-among-healthcare-professionals
#10
Yunjeong Heo, Hosun Chun, Seonghoon Kang, Wonjin Lee, Taewon Jang, Jongtae Park
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of medical radiologic procedures, wearing proper protector should be emphasized to reduce occupational radiation exposures. This research describes the rates of lead apron wearing for radiation protection and assessed occupational factors related to wearing rates for various types of healthcare professionals. METHODS: We conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey through a website, on-site visits, fax, and mail. Of the 13,489 participants, 8858 workers who could not completely separate themselves from radiological procedure areas...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760908/trends-for-the-geographic-distribution-of-radiological-resources-in-hokkaido-japan-data-analysis-using-gini-coefficient-and-herfindahl-hirschman-index
#11
Kensuke Fujiwara, Ayako Yagahara, Takumi Tanikawa, Yuji Tani, Hisateru Ohba, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
The aim of this study is to analyze the maldistribution and the trends in the geographic distribution of radiological resources in secondary medical areas of Hokkaido. The distribution was measured by combining the Gini coefficient (GC), which is an indicator of inequality of distribution, and the Herfindahl-Hirschman index (HHI), which is mainly used to assess market concentration. Data concerning the distribution of radiological resources, such as CT, MRI, radiotherapy facilities (RTF), radiological technologists (RT), and medical doctors were obtained from official publications...
2016: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751973/occupational-radiation-exposure-to-the-extremities-of-medical-staff-during-hysterosalpingography-and-radionuclide-bone-scan-procedures-in-several-nigerian-hospitals
#12
Nnamdi Norbert Jibiri, Tawakalitu Oluwatoyin Akintunde, Musa Yusuf Dambele, Christopher Jimoh Olowookere
OBJECTIVE: The practice of regular dose measurement helps to ascertain the level of occupational dose delivered to the staff involved in diagnostic procedures. This study was carried out to evaluate the dose exposed to the hands of radiologists and a radiologic technologist carrying out HSG and radionuclide bone scan examinations in several hospitals in Nigeria. METHODS: Radiation doses exposed to the hands of radiologists and a technician carrying out hysterosalpingography (HSG) and bone scan procedures were measured using calibrated thermo-luminescent dosimeters...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749641/developing-and-testing-an-electronic-literacy-resource-for-arab-patients-before-experiencing-radiology-procedures
#13
Mohamed M Abuzaid, Aishah M Alnuaimi, Asma M Abdi, Elika A Mohajer, Ifrah A Mohamed, Rawan A Bilwani, Shaima B Alhammadi
BACKGROUND: Radiological examinations require prior preparation that patients should be informed about. Radiologists and radiologic technologists have limited time and resources to do so. Therefore, the internet is a valuable and accessible resource for patient education, but the information may not be reliable, especially that in Arabic language. This study aimed to develop online patient education resources about imaging procedures in Arabic. It also evaluated the understandability and actionability of the source materials...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744670/reconstruction-of-radiation-dose-received-by-diagnostic-radiologic-technologists-in-korea
#14
Yeongchull Choi, Jaeyoung Kim, Jung Jeung Lee, Jae Kwan Jun, Won Jin Lee
OBJECTIVES: Diagnostic medical radiation workers in Korea have been officially monitored for their occupational radiation doses since 1996. The purpose of this study was to design models for reconstructing unknown individual radiation doses to which diagnostic radiation technologists were exposed before 1996. METHODS: Radiation dose reconstruction models were developed by using cross-sectional survey data and the personal badge doses of 8167 radiologic technologists...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639514/voices-emerging-from-the-shadows-radiologic-practitioners-experiences-of-challenging-conversations
#15
Elaine C Meyer, Giulia Lamiani, Donna Luff, Stephen D Brown
OBJECTIVE: Traditionally, radiologists have practiced their profession behind the scenes. Today, radiologic practitioners face mounting expectations to communicate more directly with patients. However, their experiences with patient communication are not well understood. The aim of this study was to describe the challenges of radiologic practitioners when communicating with patients. METHODS: Twelve day-long interprofessional communication skills workshops for radiologic clinicians were held at Boston Children's Hospital...
July 30, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623235/breast-cancer-risk-and-protracted-low-to-moderate-dose-occupational-radiation-exposure-in-the-us-radiologic-technologists-cohort-1983-2008
#16
D L Preston, C M Kitahara, D M Freedman, A J Sigurdson, S L Simon, M P Little, E K Cahoon, P Rajaraman, J S Miller, B H Alexander, M M Doody, M S Linet
BACKGROUND: Although high-dose ionising radiation is associated with increased breast cancer risks, the association with protracted low-dose-rate exposures remains unclear. The US Radiologic Technologist study provides an opportunity to examine the association between low-to-moderate dose radiation and breast cancer incidence and mortality. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred and twenty-two self-reported first primary cancers were diagnosed during 1983-2005 among 66 915 female technologists, and 586 breast cancer deaths occurred during 1983-2008 among 83 538 female cohort members...
September 13, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595706/problem-based-learning-for-radiological-technologists-a-comparison-of-student-attitudes-toward-plain-radiography
#17
Takayoshi Terashita, Naomi Tamura, Kengo Kisa, Hidenobu Kawabata, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
BACKGROUND: Knowledge and skill expected of healthcare providers continues to increase alongside developments in medicine and healthcare. Problem-based learning (PBL) is therefore increasingly necessary in training courses for radiological technologists. However, it is necessary to evaluate the effects of PBL to completely introduce it in our education programs. As a Hypothesis, it seems that a change occurs in the student's attitudes by participating in PBL practical training. There is the Semantic Differential (SeD) technique as a method to identify student's attitudes...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575031/changing-patterns-in-the-performance-of-fluoroscopically-guided-interventional-procedures-and-adherence-to-radiation-safety-practices-in-a-u-s-cohort-of-radiologic-technologists
#18
Hyeyeun Lim, Martha S Linet, Miriam E Van Dyke, Donald L Miller, Steven L Simon, Alice J Sigurdson, Cari M Kitahara
OBJECTIVE: Information is limited on changes over time in the types of fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures performed and associated radiation safety practices used by radiologic technologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 12,571 U.S. radiologic technologists who were certified for at least 2 years in 1926-1982 and who reported in a 2012-2013 survey that they ever performed or assisted with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures...
December 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570129/assessing-the-content-of-youtube-videos-in-educating-patients-regarding-common-imaging-examinations
#19
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Eugene Won, Ankur M Doshi
PURPOSE: To assess the content of currently available YouTube videos seeking to educate patients regarding commonly performed imaging examinations. METHODS: After initial testing of possible search terms, the first two pages of YouTube search results for "CT scan," "MRI," "ultrasound patient," "PET scan," and "mammogram" were reviewed to identify educational patient videos created by health organizations. Sixty-three included videos were viewed and assessed for a range of features...
August 25, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546083/present-situation-of-fluoroscopy-radiation-doses-in-many-ivr-systems
#20
Yohei Inaba, Ryota Kobayashi, Koichi Chida
Japan Network for Research and Information on Medical Exposures (J-RIME) released the primary diagnostic reference levels (DRLs 2015) to optimize/manage the radiation dose for interventional radiology (IVR) on June 7, 2015 in Japan. However, this DRLs 2015 has a wide range of selection bias for only certified IVR technologists' dates. Therefore, it is important to know the radiation dose including non-certified IVR technologists' facilities. In this study, we verified the fluoroscopy radiation dose rates for many IVR systems in the present situation...
August 2016: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
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