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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551393/content-specificity-of-attentional-bias-to-threat-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#1
A Zinchenko, M M Al-Amin, M M Alam, W Mahmud, N Kabir, H M Reza, T H J Burne
BACKGROUND: Attentional bias to affective information and reduced cognitive control may maintain the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and impair cognitive functioning. However, the role of content specificity of affective stimuli (e.g., trauma-related, emotional trauma-unrelated) in the observed attentional bias and cognitive control is less clear, as this has not been tested simultaneously before. Therefore, we examined the content specificity of attentional bias to threat in PTSD...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459270/towards-a-culturally-appropriate-trauma-assessment-in-a-south-african-zulu-community
#2
Thebe Madigoe, Jonathan Burns, Muyu Zhang, Ugasvaree Subramaney
OBJECTIVE: To develop a culture specific screening tool for trauma, and to determine whether it would significantly increase the probability of eliciting traumatic events and associated symptoms when added to a Western diagnostic tool for trauma. METHOD: A convenience sample of 1 hundred Zulu speaking volunteers was recruited in the North-Eastern KwaZulu-Natal region of South Africa. A demographic questionnaire, the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders, Axis I, Research Version (SCID-I RV), and a Zulu Culture-Specific Trauma Experience Questionnaire (Z-CTEQ) designed for this study were administered to the participants...
May 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380532/effects-of-a-simulated-wolf-encounter-on-brain-and-blood-biomarkers-of-stress-related-psychological-disorders-in-beef-cows-with-or-without-previous-exposure-to-wolves
#3
R F Cooke, L R Mehrkam, R S Marques, K D Lippolis, D W Bohnert
This experiment compared mRNA expression of brain-blood biomarkers associated with stress-related psychological disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in beef cows from wolf-naïve and wolf-experienced origins that were subjected to a simulated wolf encounter. Multiparous, non-pregnant, non-lactating Angus-crossbred cows from the Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center (Burns, OR; CON; = 10) and from a commercial operation near Council, ID (WLF; = 10) were used. To date, gray wolves are not present around Burns, OR, and thus CON were naïve to wolves...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372459/a-clinical-update-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-burn-injury-survivors
#4
Loyola McLean, Runsen Chen, Julia Kwiet, Jeffrey Streimer, John Vandervord, Rachel Kornhaber
OBJECTIVES: Burn injuries are complex traumatic events carrying high risks of acute physical and psychosocial morbidity. With greater survival, clinical and research attention has turned to psychosocial recovery outcomes and risk factors. It is timely to summarise current issues in post-traumatic disorders after burn injury for mental health and integrative care clinicians. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common outcome of severe burn injury. There are difficulties in delivering current best practice treatments to many survivors especially those in rural and remote areas and those with comorbidities...
March 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320355/severe-war-related-trauma-and-personality-pathology-a-case-control-study
#5
Jasna Munjiza, Dolores Britvic, Maja Radman, Mike J Crawford
BACKGROUND: Exposure to war-related trauma has long been recognised to have an adverse effect on mental health. We attempted to investigate whether people who have clinically significant personality-related problems 15 years after a war are more likely to have been exposed to severe war-related trauma than those who do not have significant personality difficulties. METHODS: A case -control study was conducted in southern Croatia, fifteen years after the 1991-1995 war...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930966/nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-interpersonal-violence-in-u-s-veterans-seeking-help-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Patrick S Calhoun, Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, Eric B Elbogen, Eric A Dedert, Carolina P Clancy, Lauren P Hair, Michael Hertzberg, Jean C Beckham, Nathan A Kimbrel
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been defined as deliberately damaging one's body tissue without conscious suicidal intent. NSSI is a robust predictor of suicidal ideation and attempts in adults. While NSSI has been associated with other-directed violence in adolescent populations, the link between NSSI and interpersonal violence in adults is less clear. The current study examined the cross-sectional relationship between NSSI and past-year interpersonal violence among 729 help-seeking veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756589/anxiety-depression-and-ptsd-related-symptoms-in-spouses-and-close-relatives-of-burn-survivors-when-the-supporter-needs-to-be-supported
#7
Suzie Bond, Catherine Gourlay, Alexandra Desjardins, Paule Bodson-Clermont, Marie-Ève Boucher
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of anxiety, depression and PTSD-related symptoms reported by spouses and close relatives of adult burn survivors. Potential associations between these symptoms and variables such as the severity of the burn were also explored. METHOD: Participants were spouses (n=31) and close relatives (n=25) of hospitalized patients with acute burns. Anxiety and depression symptoms were assessed by the Hospital Distress Anxiety and Depression Scale and PTSD-related symptoms by the Modified PTSD Symptom Scale at both admission to and discharge from the burn unit...
May 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707641/early-assessment-and-identification-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-satisfaction-with-appearance-and-coping-in-patients-with-burns
#8
Oili Dahl, Marie Wickman, Viveca Björnhagen, Mona Friberg, Yvonne Wengström
BACKGROUND: The first year after severe burn is a psychologically challenging period for the patient. Patients may still struggle with burn-related physical and psychological problems such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and body image dissatisfaction (BID). AIM: This study investigates the presence of PTSD, BID and coping, at three, six and twelve months after discharge for early identification of patients in need of focused support during rehabilitation...
December 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685701/assessment-of-somatosensory-function-in-patients-with-idiopathic-dry-eye-symptoms
#9
Anat Galor, Roy C Levitt, Katherine T McManus, Jerry P Kalangara, Benjamin E Seiden, Jasmine J Park, Derek B Covington, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Elizabeth R Felix
Importance: Somatosensory dysfunction likely underlies dry eye (DE) symptoms in many individuals yet remains an understudied component of the disease. Its presence has important diagnostic and therapeutic implications. Objective: To assess the integrity of nociceptive system processes in persons with DE and ocular pain using quantitative sensory testing (QST) techniques applied at a site remote from the eye. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study conducted at Miami Veterans Affairs Hospital included 118 individuals with a wide variety of DE symptoms and signs...
November 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685256/-psychosocial-distress-at-different-time-intervals-after-burn-injury
#10
Lea Berg, Stefanie Meyer, Ramin Ipaktchi, Peter M Vogt, Astrid Müller, Martina de Zwaan
Burn injuries can result in long-term mental and physical health problems. We investigated if patients at different time periods since the burn injury differed with regard to psychosocial impairment. Patients who were treated as inpatients because of burn injury between 2006 and 2012 were asked about quality of life (Burn Specific Health Scale - Brief; BSHS-B), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale - Deutsche Version; HADS-D), posttraumatic stress disorder (Impact of Event Scale - Revised; IES-R), stigmatization (Perceived Stigmatization Questionnaire; PSQ) and social support (Fragebogen zur sozialen Unterstützung; F-SozU-7)...
September 29, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641075/a-systematic-review-of-health-outcomes-among-disaster-and-humanitarian-responders
#11
REVIEW
Stephanie C Garbern, Laura G Ebbeling, Susan A Bartels
Introduction Disaster and humanitarian responders are at-risk of experiencing a wide range of physical and psychological health conditions, from minor injuries to chronic mental health problems and fatalities. This article reviews the current literature on the major health outcomes of responders to various disasters and conflicts in order to better inform individuals of the risks and to inform deploying agencies of the health care needs of responders. METHODS: In March 2014, an EMBASE search was conducted using pre-defined search criteria...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609849/psychological-impact-of-injuries-sustained-in-motor-vehicle-crashes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Ashley Craig, Yvonne Tran, Rebecca Guest, Bamini Gopinath, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Richard A Bryant, Alex Collie, Robyn Tate, Justin Kenardy, James W Middleton, Ian Cameron
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the psychological impact associated with motor vehicle crash (MVC)-related physical injuries. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Multiple search engines included MEDLINE (via OVID), PsycINFO and Embase, and studies were sourced from scientific journals, conference papers and doctoral theses. STUDY SELECTION: A high-yield search strategy was employed...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489384/opioid-analgesics-and-depressive-symptoms-in-burn-patients-what-is-the-real-relationship
#13
Narei Hong, Myung Hun Jung, Jee Wook Kim, Wook Chun, Ihn-Geun Choi, Tae-Cheon Kang, Baik Seok Kee, Boung-Chul Lee
OBJECTIVE: Major burn injuries are strongly associated with both psychological trauma and severe pain, and opioids are the mainstay analgesics for the treatment of severe burn pain. The objectives of this study are to find the complex relationship between opioid dose, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms during the acute management of pain in burn patients. METHODS: The symptoms of depression and PTSD were assessed in 43 burn patients immediately following wound stabilization and 2 weeks after the initial evaluation...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359192/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-diagnosis-in-young-children-with-burns
#14
Frederick J Stoddard, Erica Sorrentino, Jennifer E Drake, J Michael Murphy, Abigail J Kim, Stephanie Romo, Jerome Kagan, Nancy Snidman, Glenn Saxe, Robert L Sheridan
The primary aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in young children hospitalized for burns. A secondary aim was to assess partial PTSD in this population. PTSD diagnosis and symptoms were evaluated utilizing both the diagnostic interview for children and adolescents (DICA-P) module and the PTSD semistructured interview and observational report (PTSDSSI). PTSD symptomatology was assessed from parent interviews at 1 month after discharge from a major pediatric burn center...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348599/a-prospective-study-of-pre-trauma-risk-factors-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression
#15
J Wild, K V Smith, E Thompson, F Béar, M J J Lommen, A Ehlers
BACKGROUND: It is unclear which potentially modifiable risk factors best predict post-trauma psychiatric disorders. We aimed to identify pre-trauma risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or major depression (MD) that could be targeted with resilience interventions. METHOD: Newly recruited paramedics (n = 453) were assessed for history of mental disorders with structured clinical interviews within the first week of their paramedic training and completed self-report measures to assess hypothesized predictors...
September 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341954/health-related-quality-of-life-eq-5d-early-after-injury-predicts-long-term-pain-after-burn
#16
Emelie Gauffin, Caisa Öster, Folke Sjöberg, Bengt Gerdin, Lisa Ekselius
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain after burn can have severe physical and psychological effects on former patients years after the initial injury. Although the issue of pain after burn has gained increased attention over the past years, prospective, longitudinal studies are scarce. Our aim was to prospectively investigate consecutive burn patients for pain severity over time and to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of post-burn pain to 2-7 years after the burn. As an additional aim, the effects of burn and individual-related factors, especially health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL), were investigated...
December 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280369/posttraumatic-stress-symptomatology-and-appearance-distress-following-burn-injury-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#17
Ruth Macleod, Laura Shepherd, Andrew R Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Although many traumatic incidents result in changes to appearance, little research has examined the experience of individuals distressed by such changes in connection with psychological processes involved in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study aimed to examine how PTSD and appearance concern associated with burn injury are experienced when both difficulties co-occur. METHOD: The qualitative method of interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used to provide a framework for building nuanced accounts of individual experience...
November 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233675/the-fenix-ii-study-a-longitudinal-study-of-psychopathology-among-burn-patients
#18
Sara Guila Fidel-Kinori, Francisco Jose Eiroa-Orosa, Anna Giannoni-Pastor, Ruth Tasqué-Cebrián, Jose Maria Arguello, Miguel Casas
Psychological symptoms are common among burn survivors. However, knowledge about epidemiology and predictors of psychopathology has shown great heterogeneity in this population. The Fenix-II Project was the first epidemiological study on the psychopathological consequences of burns developed in Spain, providing a detailed analysis of the progression of psychological symptoms during the first six months after injury. Three hundred and thirty-three patients were screened and 183 were included in this study. Posttraumatic, depression and anxiety symptoms showed a general decreasing tendency across time...
September 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098450/psychometric-properties-of-the-ptsd-checklist-for-dsm-5-a-pilot-study
#19
Josefin Sveen, Kristina Bondjers, Mimmie Willebrand
BACKGROUND: To date there is a lack of studies assessing the psychometric properties of the recently revised PTSD Checklist (PCL), the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). The aim of this pilot study was to examine the psychometric properties of the PCL-5 in parents of children with burns. METHODS: The participating parents (N=62, mean age=38) completed self-report questionnaires, 0.8-5.6 years after their child's burn. Measures were the PCL-5, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27005586/investigating-the-phenomenology-of-imagery-following-traumatic-burn-injuries
#20
Elaine Sara Cockerham, Soljana Çili, Lusia Stopa
Intrusive images related to adverse experiences are an important feature of a number of psychological disorders and a hallmark symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Depression, anxiety, and PTSD are all common reactions following a burn injury. However, the nature of burn-related trauma memories and associated intrusions and their contribution to psychological disorders is not well understood. The aim of the study was to take a broad look at the nature of imagery experienced by people who have sustained a burn injury...
June 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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