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burn PTSD

Suzie Bond, Catherine Gourlay, Alexandra Desjardins, Paule Bodson-Clermont, Marie-Ève Boucher
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of anxiety, depression and PTSD-related symptoms reported by spouses and close relatives of adult burn survivors. Potential associations between these symptoms and variables such as the severity of the burn were also explored. METHOD: Participants were spouses (n=31) and close relatives (n=25) of hospitalized patients with acute burns. Anxiety and depression symptoms were assessed by the Hospital Distress Anxiety and Depression Scale and PTSD-related symptoms by the Modified PTSD Symptom Scale at both admission to and discharge from the burn unit...
October 15, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Oili Dahl, Marie Wickman, Viveca Björnhagen, Mona Friberg, Yvonne Wengström
BACKGROUND: The first year after severe burn is a psychologically challenging period for the patient. Patients may still struggle with burn-related physical and psychological problems such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and body image dissatisfaction (BID). AIM: This study investigates the presence of PTSD, BID and coping, at three, six and twelve months after discharge for early identification of patients in need of focused support during rehabilitation...
October 1, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Anat Galor, Roy C Levitt, Katherine T McManus, Jerry P Kalangara, Benjamin E Seiden, Jasmine J Park, Derek B Covington, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Elizabeth R Felix
Importance: Somatosensory dysfunction likely underlies dry eye (DE) symptoms in many individuals yet remains an understudied component of the disease. Its presence has important diagnostic and therapeutic implications. Objective: To assess the integrity of nociceptive system processes in persons with DE and ocular pain using quantitative sensory testing (QST) techniques applied at a site remote from the eye. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study conducted at Miami Veterans Affairs Hospital included 118 individuals with a wide variety of DE symptoms and signs...
September 29, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
Lea Berg, Stefanie Meyer, Ramin Ipaktchi, Peter M Vogt, Astrid Müller, Martina de Zwaan
Burn injuries can result in long-term mental and physical health problems. We investigated if patients at different time periods since the burn injury differed with regard to psychosocial impairment. Patients who were treated as inpatients because of burn injury between 2006 and 2012 were asked about quality of life (Burn Specific Health Scale - Brief; BSHS-B), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale - Deutsche Version; HADS-D), posttraumatic stress disorder (Impact of Event Scale - Revised; IES-R), stigmatization (Perceived Stigmatization Questionnaire; PSQ) and social support (Fragebogen zur sozialen Unterstützung; F-SozU-7)...
September 29, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Stephanie C Garbern, Laura G Ebbeling, Susan A Bartels
: Introduction Disaster and humanitarian responders are at-risk of experiencing a wide range of physical and psychological health conditions, from minor injuries to chronic mental health problems and fatalities. This article reviews the current literature on the major health outcomes of responders to various disasters and conflicts in order to better inform individuals of the risks and to inform deploying agencies of the health care needs of responders. METHODS: In March 2014, an EMBASE search was conducted using pre-defined search criteria...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Ashley Craig, Yvonne Tran, Rebecca Guest, Bamini Gopinath, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Richard A Bryant, Alex Collie, Robyn Tate, Justin Kenardy, James W Middleton, Ian Cameron
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the psychological impact associated with motor vehicle crash (MVC)-related physical injuries. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Multiple search engines included MEDLINE (via OVID), PsycINFO and Embase, and studies were sourced from scientific journals, conference papers and doctoral theses. STUDY SELECTION: A high-yield search strategy was employed...
2016: BMJ Open
Narei Hong, Myung Hun Jung, Jee Wook Kim, Wook Chun, Ihn-Geun Choi, Tae-Cheon Kang, Baik Seok Kee, Boung-Chul Lee
OBJECTIVE: Major burn injuries are strongly associated with both psychological trauma and severe pain, and opioids are the mainstay analgesics for the treatment of severe burn pain. The objectives of this study are to find the complex relationship between opioid dose, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms during the acute management of pain in burn patients. METHODS: The symptoms of depression and PTSD were assessed in 43 burn patients immediately following wound stabilization and 2 weeks after the initial evaluation...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Frederick J Stoddard, Erica Sorrentino, Jennifer E Drake, J Michael Murphy, Abigail J Kim, Stephanie Romo, Jerome Kagan, Nancy Snidman, Glenn Saxe, Robert L Sheridan
The primary aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in young children hospitalized for burns. A secondary aim was to assess partial PTSD in this population. PTSD diagnosis and symptoms were evaluated utilizing both the diagnostic interview for children and adolescents (DICA-P) module and the PTSD semistructured interview and observational report (PTSDSSI). PTSD symptomatology was assessed from parent interviews at 1 month after discharge from a major pediatric burn center...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
J Wild, K V Smith, E Thompson, F Béar, M J J Lommen, A Ehlers
BACKGROUND: It is unclear which potentially modifiable risk factors best predict post-trauma psychiatric disorders. We aimed to identify pre-trauma risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or major depression (MD) that could be targeted with resilience interventions. METHOD: Newly recruited paramedics (n = 453) were assessed for history of mental disorders with structured clinical interviews within the first week of their paramedic training and completed self-report measures to assess hypothesized predictors...
September 2016: Psychological Medicine
Emelie Gauffin, Caisa Öster, Folke Sjöberg, Bengt Gerdin, Lisa Ekselius
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain after burn can have severe physical and psychological effects on former patients years after the initial injury. Although the issue of pain after burn has gained increased attention over the past years, prospective, longitudinal studies are scarce. Our aim was to prospectively investigate consecutive burn patients for pain severity over time and to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of post-burn pain to 2-7 years after the burn. As an additional aim, the effects of burn and individual-related factors, especially health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL), were investigated...
June 21, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Ruth Macleod, Laura Shepherd, Andrew R Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Although many traumatic incidents result in changes to appearance, little research has examined the experience of individuals distressed by such changes in connection with psychological processes involved in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study aimed to examine how PTSD and appearance concern associated with burn injury are experienced when both difficulties co-occur. METHOD: The qualitative method of interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used to provide a framework for building nuanced accounts of individual experience...
June 9, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Sara Guila Fidel-Kinori, Francisco Jose Eiroa-Orosa, Anna Giannoni-Pastor, Ruth Tasqué-Cebrián, Jose Maria Arguello, Miguel Casas
Psychological symptoms are common among burn survivors. However, knowledge about epidemiology and predictors of psychopathology has shown great heterogeneity in this population. The Fenix-II Project was the first epidemiological study on the psychopathological consequences of burns developed in Spain, providing a detailed analysis of the progression of psychological symptoms during the first six months after injury. Three hundred and thirty-three patients were screened and 183 were included in this study. Posttraumatic, depression and anxiety symptoms showed a general decreasing tendency across time...
September 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Josefin Sveen, Kristina Bondjers, Mimmie Willebrand
BACKGROUND: To date there is a lack of studies assessing the psychometric properties of the recently revised PTSD Checklist (PCL), the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). The aim of this pilot study was to examine the psychometric properties of the PCL-5 in parents of children with burns. METHODS: The participating parents (N=62, mean age=38) completed self-report questionnaires, 0.8-5.6 years after their child's burn. Measures were the PCL-5, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Elaine Sara Cockerham, Soljana Çili, Lusia Stopa
Intrusive images related to adverse experiences are an important feature of a number of psychological disorders and a hallmark symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Depression, anxiety, and PTSD are all common reactions following a burn injury. However, the nature of burn-related trauma memories and associated intrusions and their contribution to psychological disorders is not well understood. The aim of the study was to take a broad look at the nature of imagery experienced by people who have sustained a burn injury...
June 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Frank Huang-Chih Chou
Many catastrophic disasters have happened in Taiwan over the last decade. As disaster is not a special occurrence but rather a part of the norm, mental rehabilitation should be treated as a mainstream issue in psychiatry. The internalization of emergency psychological interventions is necessary for every mental-health professional. The two primary categories of major manmade disasters in Taiwan over the past decade have been gas explosions and powder burns. Both categories have led to the serious injury of many individuals...
February 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
M Willebrand, J Sveen
Parents of children with burns experience a range of psychological reactions and symptoms, and parents' health is known to impact children's health. So far, there is little research into potential mechanisms that maintain parents' symptoms. The aim was to investigate parental injury-related fear-avoidance, and its associations with injury severity and health measures. Parents (n=107) of children aged 0.4-18 years that sustained burns 0.1-9.0 years previously completed questionnaires on fear-avoidance, posttraumatic stress, and health of the child...
March 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Cherie Armour, Jana Műllerová, Shelley Fletcher, Susan Lagdon, Carol Rhonda Burns, Martin Robinson, Jake Robinson
PURPOSE: Previous research suggests that childhood maltreatment is associated with the onset of eating disorders (ED). In turn, EDs are associated with alternative psychopathologies such as depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and with suicidality. Moreover, it has been reported that various ED profiles may exist. The aim of the current study was to examine the profiles of disordered eating and the associations of these with childhood maltreatment and with mental health psychopathology...
March 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Bernadette M Cortese, Patrick A McConnell, Brett Froeliger, Kimberly Leslie, Thomas W Uhde
Despite the anatomical overlap between the brain's fear/threat and olfactory systems, a very limited number of investigations have considered the role of odors and the central olfactory system in the pathophysiology of PTSD. The goal of the present study was to assess structural differences in primary and secondary olfactory cortex between combat veterans with and without PTSD (CV + PTSD, CV-PTSD, respectively). An additional goal was to determine the relationship between gray matter volume (GMV) in olfactory cortex and the distressing properties of burning-related odors...
November 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Lucía Quezada, Mónica T González, Gabriel A Mecott
Identifying factors of adjustment in pediatric burn patients may facilitate appropriate mental health interventions postinjury. The aim of this is study was to explore the roles of both the patient's and caregivers' resilience and posttraumatic stress in pediatric burn survivor adjustment. For the purposes of the study, "51 patient-parent/guardian" dyads participated. Patients answered the Resilience Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents, and caregivers answered the Mexican Resilience Scale and the Davidson Trauma Scale...
July 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Emily Maguire, Alexandra Macdonald, Sarah Krill, Darren W Holowka, Brian P Marx, Halley Woodward, Tony Burns, Casey T Taft
There is a dearth of empirical literature characterizing the various forms of trauma experienced by men court mandated to intervention for intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration. We investigated the potentially traumatic events (PTEs) experienced by men (N = 217) court mandated to enroll in a 41-week group IPV perpetrator program, as well as the relationships between PTEs, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and IPV. Findings indicated that 94% of participants reported experiencing at least 1 PTE in their lifetime, and participants experienced an average of over 6 out of 14 types of PTEs...
September 2015: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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