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Mechanichal ventilation

Ángel Augusto Pérez-Calatayud, Raúl Carrillo-Esper, Emilio Arch-Tirado
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical ventilation is a therapy for vital support used in a significant proportion of critically ill patients. The right time to successfully discontinue this therapy is a challenge for the intensive care specialist. For this reason it is still a subject for research. The echocardiographic evaluation of the diastolic dysfunction, the diaphragm, and the lung have become an invaluable tool for weaning from mechanical ventilation protocols, especially in patients with difficult or prolonged weaning from mechanical ventilation...
May 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Samia Elbaradie, Faten H El Mahalawy, Amira H Solyman
BACKGROUND: Propofol is often used for sedation in the intensive care unit. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and endocrine response of propofol vs. the new alpha2-agonist dexmedetomidine for sedation in surgical intensive care patients who need postoperative short-term ventilation. METHODS: Our work is a randomized clinical study conducted on sixty adult patients who required postoperative short term ventilation and sedation. The patients were allocated randomly, to receive IV infusion of either dexmedetomidine 0...
September 2004: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
Nilgün Köksal, Birol Baytan, Yusuf Bayram, Ergun Nacarküçük
OBJECTIVE: In a prospective study at Uludag University Hospital, 120 premature infants with birthweights of 1500 g or less were screened for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) using cranial ultrasound. With the purpose of studying the incidence of IVH, the associated risk factors for these neonates were considered. METHODS: We studied all the very low birth weight infants admitted in our neonatal unit. We examined the following variables as risk factors for IVH: sex, birth weight, gestational age, Apgar score, mechanichal ventilation, hypercapnia, use of antenatal steroids, tocolytic drugs, vaginal versus cesarean section delivery, and inborn versus outborn status, vasopressor infusion (any vasoactive drug such as dopamine, dobutamine, or epinephrine) not associated with resuscitation, and surfactant administration...
July 2002: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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