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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342029/association-of-involutional-lower-eyelid-entropion-with-reduced-upper-eyelid-position-relative-to-the-corneal-light-reflex-quantification-of-facial-asymmetry
#1
Paul O Phelps, Edward J Wladis, Dale R Meyer
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between upper eyelid position relative to the corneal light reflex (MRD1) and to delineate an association between eyelid height and involutional lower eyelid entropion. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients presenting for entropion repair to an academic ophthalmic plastic surgery service. A total of 111 patients were included in the study; 95 had unilateral involutional lower eyelid entropion, and 16 had bilateral lower eyelid entropion...
January 16, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340754/preoperative-evaluation-of-cochlear-implantation-through-the-round-window-membrane-in-the-facial-recess-using-high-resolution-computed-tomography
#2
Li-Hong Xie, Jie Tang, Wen-Jie Miao, Xiang-Long Tang, Heng Li, An-Zhou Tang
PURPOSE: We evaluated the risk of cochlear implantation through the round window membrane in the facial recess through a preoperative analysis of the angle between the facial nerve-round window and the cranial midline using high-resolution temporal bone CT. METHODS: Temporal bone CT films of 176 patients with profound sensorineural hearing loss at our hospital from 2013 to 2015 were reviewed. The preoperative temporal bone CT scans of the patients were retrospectively analysed...
January 16, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340598/the-risk-of-skin-necrosis-following-hyaluronic-acid-filler-injection-in-patients-with-a-history-of-cosmetic-rhinoplasty
#3
Reza M Robati, Fatemeh Moeineddin, Mina Almasi-Nasrabadi
Background: As the number of patients using dermal filler for face augmentation increases, the number of adverse events associated with injection may increase. Unpredictable repositioning of blood vessels and a more tenuous blood supply in the operated nose may increase the risk of ischemia, necrosis and vascular embolism following the filler injection. Objectives: To highlight the importance of the patient's history of previous cosmetic procedures including rhinoplasty in the emergence of vascular complications...
January 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339322/endoscopic-endonasal-craniofacial-surgery-for-recurrent-skull-base-meningiomas-involving-the-pterygopalatine-fossa-the-infratemporal-fossa-the-orbit-and-the-paranasal-sinus
#4
Masahiro Shin, Masaaki Shojima, Kenji Kondo, Hirotaka Hasegawa, Shunya Hanakita, Akihiro Ito, Taichi Kin, Nobuhito Saito
OBJECT: Skull base meningiomas carry a non-negligible risk of recurrence. In particular, those arising from the sphenoid wings or middle cranial fossa penetrate into extracranial regions, uncommonly showing massive expansion into the craniofacial regions on recurrence. The role of endoscopic endonasal surgery for those intractable lesions remains unclear. METHODS: We performed endoscopic endonasal craniofacial surgery for 8 recurrent meningiomas invading into the pterygopalatine fossa, infratemporal fossa, nasopharynx, paranasal sinus, or orbit, comprising 2 meningothelial and 1 fibrous meningiomas (WHO grade I), 3 atypical and 1 clear cell meningiomas (grade II), and 1 anaplastic meningioma (grade III)...
January 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338280/variable-skeletal-anatomical-features-of-acromegaly-in-the-skull-and-craniocervical-junction
#5
Maria Piagkou, Othon Manolakos, Theodore Troupis, Nikolaos Lazaridis, Konstantinos Laios, Alexandros Samolis, Konstantinos Natsis
OBJECTIVE: This study adds important information regarding the morphological alterations caused by growth hormone hypersecretion in the skull and craniocervical junction (CCJ). A variably asymmetric skull due to acromegaly coexists with expansion of the paranasal sinuses and multiple Wormian bones. CASE REPORT: A pathologically asymmetric dry skull of a European male, aged 38 years at death, with cranial vault and skull base thickening is described. The extensive paranasal sinus pneumatization caused a generalized thinning of the bony walls...
November 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337650/the-association-of-external-transfer-status-with-adverse-outcomes-in-otolaryngology
#6
Krish Suresh, Christopher J Gouveia, Robert C Kern, John D Cramer
Objective To compare rates of morbidity and mortality in patients treated by otolaryngologists who undergo interhospital transfers vs those who do not and to quantify conditions requiring interhospital transfers in this population. Study Design Cohort study. Setting American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Subjects and Methods We identified patients requiring surgery by otolaryngologists in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2006 to 2013. We compared patients who were transferred from an outside institution to those admitted from home...
January 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336932/orthognathic-surgery-in-melnick-needles-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature-and-report-of-two-siblings
#7
REVIEW
J E O'Connell, B Bourke, G J Kearns
Melnick-Needles syndrome (MNS) is a rare congenital X-linked dominant skeletal dysplasia, characterized by exophthalmos, a prominent forehead, and mandibular hypoplasia and retrognathism. Dental features may include anodontia, hypodontia, or oligodontia. Increased collagen content, unpredictable collagen synthesis, and abnormal bony architecture have raised concerns regarding bone splitting intraoperatively and bone healing postoperatively. This report describes the cases of two sisters with MNS, who successfully underwent orthognathic surgery consisting of bilateral mandibular ramus osteotomies combined with advancement genioplasty and iliac crest bone grafting, to correct the classical MNS facial deformity of mandibular retrognathia...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335791/behavior-of-c-reactive-protein-in-association-with-surgery-of-facial-fracture-and-the-influence-of-dexamethasone
#8
Johanna Snäll, Jyrki Törnwall, Anna Liisa Suominen, Hanna Thorén
PURPOSE: To clarify pre- and postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in patients with facial fractures and to investigate the influence of perioperatively administered dexamethasone on postoperative CRP levels. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Facial fracture patients were randomized to receive perioperatively a total dose of 30 mg of dexamethasone (Oradexon®), whereas patients in the control group received no glucocorticoid. The analysis included patients who had CRP measured pre- and postoperatively...
January 16, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331408/long-term-craniofacial-morphology-in-young-adults-treated-for-a-non-syndromal-uclp-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Isabelle F P M Kappen, Whitney R Yoder, Aebele B Mink van der Molen, Corstiaan C Breugem
Minimizing mid-facial growth impairment is one of the treatment goals in cleft lip and palate surgery. As growth of the maxilla extends into young adulthood, long-term evaluation is essential to make a comprehensive assessment of a treatment protocol. There are numerous treatment approaches for cleft lip/palate surgery, and most have the characteristic distinction between either an early or a late cleft palate closure. PRISMA guidelines were applied to explore the quality of the current literature and to identify treatment factors influencing long-term cephalometric outcomes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330600/the-impact-of-acoustic-neuroma-on-long-term-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-the-united-kingdom
#10
Wouter L Lodder, Bernard F A M van der Laan, Tristram H Lesser, Samuel C Leong
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the impact of acoustic neuroma on the quality-of-life (QOL) patients in the United Kingdom. STUDY DESIGN: Online questionnaire survey. PATIENTS: Members of the British Acoustic Neuroma Association received PANQOL questionnaires. RESULTS: Of the 880 BANA members contacted, 397 (45.1%) responded, although only 359 had complete datasets for analysis. Composite QOL scores were as follows: for microsurgery 58 (SD 35), for radiotherapy 56 (SD18), for combination of surgery and radiotherapy 49 (SD 14), and for the observation group 54 (SD 20)...
January 12, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327032/three-dimensional-volumetric-analysis-of-3-fat-processing-techniques-for-facial-fat-grafting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Rongwei Wu, Xiaonan Yang, Xiaolei Jin, Haibin Lu, Zhenhua Jia, Binghang Li, Haiyue Jiang, Zuoliang Qi
Importance: Autologous fat grafting has revolutionized the field of facial soft-tissue augmentation, despite a lack of standardization. Objective data are needed to arrive at consensus regarding the best technique for optimal volume retention. Objective: To compare 3 fat-processing techniques with 3-dimensional (3-D) technology to explore the optimal fat-processing technique for improving the volume retention of grafted fat. Design, Setting, and Participants: From September 2015 to December 2016, patients with facial asymmetry were treated by initial facial fat grafting at the Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College...
January 11, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326524/orthodontic-camouflage-a-treatment-option-a-clinical-case-report
#12
William Ubilla Mazzini, Fátima Mazzini Torres
Orthodontic camouflage provides an alternative treatment for angle III malocclusion since patients with limited economic resources cannot opt for orthognathic surgery, it being clear that correction will be achieved at the dental level and not at the bone complex. OBJECTIVE: To determine an alternative treatment for patients who do not have the possibility of having orthognathic surgery. CLINICAL CASE: A 13-year-old female patient, dolico facial biotype with slightly concave profile, with Class III Skeletal by mandibular prognathism, anterior crossbite, anterior diastema, and large mandibular body, molar class, and canine III...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326504/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-following-third-molar-surgery-in-an-african-population
#13
Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
Introduction: Surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars is often associated with sequelae such as postoperative pain, facial edema, and limitation in mouth opening ability. These sequelae may result in changes in the patients' lifestyle and quality of life (QoL). Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars on patients' QoL in the immediate postoperative period (7 days). Materials and Methods: Ethical approval for this study was obtained from the Health Research and Ethics committee of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325886/comparison-analysis-of-orbital-shape-and-volume-in-unilateral-fractured-orbits
#14
Johanna Nilsson, Johan Nysjö, Anders-Petter Carlsson, Andreas Thor
Facial fractures often result in changes of the orbital volume. These changes can be measured in three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) scans for preoperative planning and postoperative evaluation. The aim of this study was to analyze the orbital volume and shape before and after surgical treatment of unilateral orbital fractures using semi-automatic image segmentation and registration techniques. The orbital volume in 21 patients was assessed by a semi-automatic model-based segmentation method. The fractured orbit was compared relative to the contralateral orbit...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325183/validation-of-the-modified-surgeon-periorbital-rating-of-edema-and-ecchymosis-spree-questionnaire-a-prospective-analysis-of-facial-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-procedures
#15
Jeremie D Oliver, Deanna Menapace, Ahmed Younes, Chelsey Recker, Grant Hamilton, Oren Friedman
Although periorbital edema and ecchymosis are commonly encountered after facial plastic and reconstructive surgery procedures, there is currently no validated grading scale to qualify these findings. In this study, the modified "Surgeon Periorbital Rating of Edema and Ecchymosis (SPREE)" questionnaire is used as a grading scale for patients undergoing facial plastic surgery procedures. This article aims to validate a uniform grading scale for periorbital edema and ecchymosis using the modified SPREE questionnaire in the postoperative period...
January 11, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319639/mild-complications-or-unusual-persistence-of-porcine-collagen-and-hyaluronic-acid-gel-following-periocular-filler-injections
#16
Natalie Wolkow, Frederick A Jakobiec, Thaddeus P Dryja, Daniel R Lefebvre
The purpose of this study was to describe the histopathologic appearance of dermal eyelid fillers that were unexpectedly encountered in ophthalmic plastic surgery samples from patients with mild eyelid disfigurements, and to review eyelid cases with complications that had previously been described in the literature. A retrospective histopathologic study with Alcian blue, elastic, and Masson trichrome stains of 2 cases that were submitted to the Ocular Pathology Department was conducted, and a critical review of previously published cases of the histopathologic characteristics of dermal filler material in the periocular region was also conducted...
January 9, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317142/volumetric-mandibular-change-after-angle-ostectomy-and-outer-cortex-grinding
#17
Jingyi Zhao, Guodong Song, Xianlei Zong, Xiaonan Yang, Le Du, Xiaoshuang Guo, Chenzhi Lai, Zuoliang Qi, Xiaolei Jin
BACKGROUND: Mandibular angle ostectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures for facial contouring in Asian women. However, some patients complain about mandibular angle hypertrophy recurrence after surgery. The present study evaluated volumetric change of the mandible after angle ostectomy and outer cortex grinding. METHODS: Twenty-four patients who underwent bilateral mandibular angle ostectomy and outer cortex grinding from 2013 to 2016 were enrolled...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315828/a-collagen-coated-pga-conduit-for-interpositional-jump-graft-with-end-to-side-neurorrhaphy-for-treating-facial-nerve-paralysis-in-rat
#18
Yosuke Niimi, Hajime Matsumine, Yuichi Takeuchi, Hironobu Osaki, Satoshi Tsunoda, Mariko Miyata, Masayuki Yamato, Hiroyuki Sakurai
PURPOSE: This study investigated the potential of collagen-coated polyglycolic acid (PGA) tube with interpositional jump graft (IPJG) in rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 16 Lewis rats were used in this study. Facial nerve paralysis was created by ligating facial nerve trunk with a ligature clip. The rats were divided into 3 groups. Nerve conduit group (n = 6) were treated by IPJG with collagen-coated PGA tubes between the facial nerve trunks and the hypoglossal nerves...
January 8, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315193/the-application-of-sigmoid-sinus-tunnel-packing-or-push-packing-of-the-inferior-petrous-sinus-in-the-microsurgical-management-of-jugular-paragangliomas
#19
Mi Jang, Hongyan Liu, Chunfu Dai
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcomes of microsurgically treated jugular paragangliomas with control of bleeding from the inferior petrous sinus. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective patient review. SETTING: A single university hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-three patients with jugular paragangliomas were diagnosed in the past 7 years in our clinic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Surgical tumor control, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative management of the facial nerve, and the preoperative and postoperative function of the lower central nerves...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313062/art-or-science-an-evidence-based-approach-to-human-facial-beauty-a-quantitative-analysis-towards-an-informed-clinical-aesthetic-practice
#20
REVIEW
Harpal Harrar, Simon Myers, Ali M Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Patients often seek guidance from the aesthetic practitioners regarding treatments to enhance their 'beauty'. Is there a science behind the art of assessment and if so is it measurable? Through the centuries, this question has challenged scholars, artists and surgeons. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to undertake a review of the evidence behind quantitative facial measurements in assessing beauty to help the practitioner in everyday aesthetic practice...
January 8, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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