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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432415/use-of-computer-imaging-in-rhinoplasty-a-survey-of-the-practices-of-facial-plastic-surgeons
#1
Prabhjyot Singh, Steven Pearlman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the use of computer imaging by facial plastic surgeons. METHODS: AAFPRS Facial plastic surgeons were surveyed about their use of computer imaging during rhinoplasty consultations. The survey collected information about surgeon demographics, practice settings, practice patterns, and rates of computer imaging (CI) for primary and revision rhinoplasty. For those surgeons who used CI, additional information was also collected, which included who performed the imaging and whether the patient was given the morphed images after the consultation...
April 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431842/significance-of-intraoperative-findings-in-revision-tympanomastoidectomy
#2
Andro Košec, Iva Kelava, Jakov Ajduk, Mihael Ries, Robert Trotić, Vladimir Bedeković
PURPOSE: The study was designed to assess correlations between intraoperative findings in revision tympanomastoidectomy as predictors of cholesteatoma recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective single-institution cohort of 101 patients who underwent surgical treatment for recurrent chronic otitis media in a tertiary referral otology centre. RESULTS: Out of 101 patients, 65 had canal wall up and 36 canal wall down revision surgery. There were 35 cholesteatoma recurrences...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431807/rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-maxillofacial-region-in-children-and-adolescents-report-of-9-cases-and-literature-review
#3
Ioannis Iatrou, Nadia Theologie-Lygidakis, Ourania Schoinohoriti, Fotis Tzermpos, Anna-Maria Vessala
OBJECTIVE: To review clinical presentation, histology, treatment and survival for pediatric maxillofacial rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) and evaluate the role of surgical treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of medical charts. METHODS: Files of patients, treated for primary maxillofacial RMS from 1997 to 2016, were examined for clinical presentation, staging, histology, treatment protocol and complications, recurrence and final outcome...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429394/immediate-implant-placement-and-restoration-in-the-anterior-maxilla-tissue-dimensional-changes-after-2-5-year-follow-up
#4
Himanshu Arora, Nabil Khzam, David Roberts, William L Bruce, Saso Ivanovski
BACKGROUND: Immediate implant placement followed by an immediate restoration has proven to be a viable technique in the anterior maxillary region. PURPOSE: This prospective study evaluated the mid-long term (2-5 years) tissue changes around immediately placed and restored implants in the anterior maxilla using flapless surgery and simultaneous hard tissue augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty AstraTech implants were immediately placed in 30 patients, followed by the delivery of an immediate provisional restoration on the same day...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427835/maxillofacial-growth-and-speech-outcome-after-one-stage-or-two-stage-palatoplasty-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-systematic-review
#5
Rajgopal R Reddy, Srinivas Gosla Reddy, Anitha Vaidhyanathan, Stefaan J Bergé, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman
BACKGROUND: The number of surgical procedures to repair a cleft palate may play a role in the outcome for maxillofacial growth and speech. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the relationship between the number of surgical procedures performed to repair the cleft palate and maxillofacial growth, speech and fistula formation in non-syndromic patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed in PubMed/old MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus and CINAHL databases for publications between 1960 and December 2015...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423221/facial-asymmetry-in-head-and-neck-rhabdomyosarcoma-survivors
#6
Reineke A Schoot, Marinka L F Hol, Johannes H M Merks, Michael Suttie, Olga Slater, Marinde van Lennep, Saskia M J Hopman, David Dunaway, Jonathan Syme-Grant, Ludi E Smeele, Koos H Zwinderman, Huib N Caron, Peter Hammond
INTRODUCTION: Radiotherapy is essential for achieving and maintaining local control in head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma (HNRMS) patients. However, radiotherapy may cause outgrowth disturbances of facial bone and soft tissue, resulting in facial asymmetry. The aim of this study was to develop a method to visualize and measure facial asymmetry in HNRMS survivors using three-dimensional (3D) imaging techniques. METHODS: Facial deformity was evaluated in a multidisciplinary clinical assessment of 75 HNRMS survivors, treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT, n = 26) or Ablative surgery, MOulage brachytherapy, and REconstruction (AMORE, n = 49)...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422994/the-sheep-grimace-scale-as-an-indicator-of-post-operative-distress-and-pain-in-laboratory-sheep
#7
C Häger, S Biernot, M Buettner, S Glage, L M Keubler, N Held, E M Bleich, K Otto, C W Müller, S Decker, S R Talbot, A Bleich
The EU Directive 2010/63/EU changed the requirements regarding the use of laboratory animals and raised important issues related to assessing the severity of all procedures undertaken on laboratory animals. However, quantifiable parameters to assess severity are rare, and improved assessment strategies need to be developed. Hence, a Sheep Grimace Scale (SGS) was herein established by observing and interpreting sheep facial expressions as a consequence of pain and distress following unilateral tibia osteotomy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421873/facial-alveolar-bone-width-at-the-first-and-second-maxillary-premolars-in-healthy-patients-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#8
Julio Rojo, José Viña, David Peñarrocha, Miguel Peñarrocha
The purpose was to analyze the thickness of the facial alveolar bone at the first and second maxillary premolars and determinate the percentage of premolars that reached 2 mm in width. A retrospective study analyzing cone beam computed tomography scans from the database of the Oral Surgery Unit of the University of Valencia was performed. Patients with periodontal disease, orthodontic treatment, absence among the first maxillary molars, premolars with endodontic treatment and/or prosthetic restorations were excluded...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418820/case-241-hemiparkinsonism-hemiatrophy-spect-with-99m-tc-trodat-1-and-muscle-mr-imaging-abnormalities
#9
Thiago Cardoso Vale, Flávia Cristina de Lima Pinto, José Luiz Pedroso, Marília Alves Dos Reis, Ilza Rosa Batista, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan, René Leandro Magalhães Rivero, Renato Adam Mendonça, Orlando G Barsottini
History A 43-year-old right-handed man presented with a history of progressive mild left-sided weakness and slowness of movements. Symptoms began 4 years earlier, and the patient noticed a progressive decline in his daily routine due to gait difficulties in the past year. There was no history of head trauma, surgery, drug therapy, smoking, or alcohol abuse, nor was there any relevant family history. Examination revealed normal cognition (29 of 30 points on the Mini-Mental State Examination and 27 of 30 points on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment) and normal cerebellar, sensory, cranial nerve, and autonomic function...
May 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417054/three-dimensional-and-topographic-relationships-between-the-orbital-margins-with-reference-to-assessment-of-eyeball-protrusion
#10
Kang-Jae Shin, Shin-Hyo Lee, Ki-Seok Koh, Wu-Chul Song
This study investigated the topographic relationships among the eyeball and four orbital margins with the aim of identifying the correlation between orbital geometry and eyeball protrusion in Koreans. Three-dimensional (3D) volume rendering of the face was performed using serial computed-tomography images of 141 Koreans, and several landmarks on the bony orbit and the cornea were directly marked on the 3D volumes. The anterior-posterior distances from the apex of the cornea to each orbital margin and between the orbital margins were measured in both eyes...
March 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415058/-a-case-of-arteriovenous-malformation-of-the-parotid-gland-associated-with-cowden-disease
#11
Kazuhiko Nishi, Satoshi Murai, Hisakazu Itami, Shinji Otsuka, Noboru Kusaka, Tsukasa Nishiura, Nobuhiko Kimura, Kotaro Ogihara
We report a rare case of arteriovenous malformation(AVM)of the parotid gland associated with Cowden disease successfully treated with preoperative embolization followed by surgical removal. A 39-year-old man with a history of Cowden disease presented with a pulsating and growing mass on his left lower jaw. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography(CT)and angiography revealed a high-flow AVM in the deep lobe of the left parotid gland. After intravascular embolization of the feeding arteries, surgery was performed using the NIM-response<sup>®</sup>3...
April 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414695/imaging-criteria-to-predict-surgical-difficulties-during-stapes-surgery
#12
Claire Parra, Stéphanie Trunet, Benjamin Granger, Yann Nguyen, Georges Lamas, Daniele Bernardeschi, Rémi Hervochon, Frédéric Tankere
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stapes surgery for otosclerosis can be challenging if access to the oval window niche is restricted. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of the computed tomographic (CT) scan in the evaluation of anatomical distances, and to analyze its reliability in predicting surgical technical difficulties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 96 patients (101 ears) were enrolled in a prospective study between 2012 and May 2015. During surgery, we evaluated the distance D1 between the stapes and the facial nerve, distance D2 between the promontory and the facial nerve after ablation of the superstructure, and the intraoperative discomfort of the surgeon...
April 13, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413552/trigeminocardiac-reflex-preceding-development-of-postoperative-superior-orbital-fissure-syndrome
#13
Rudrashish Haldar, Prakhar Gyanesh, Arun Srivastava, Guru Prasad Bettaswamy
The superior orbital fissure syndrome (SOFS) is a rare condition presenting as painful unilateral opthalmoplegia, ptosis, pupillary dilatation and anesthesia of the upper eyelid and forehead. It has been described after facial trauma. Other etiologies include infections, tumors or spontaneous hemorrhages in the retro-orbital space. Occurrence of SOFS after surgery in the skull base has not been described before. We recently encountered a case where a young female developed SOFS following surgery for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412984/facial-carbuncle-a-new-method-of-conservative-surgical-management-plus-irrigation-with-antibiotic-containing-solution
#14
L X Ngui, L S Wong, G Shashi, M N Abu Bakar
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on a non-conventional method for the management of facial carbuncles, highlighting its superiority over conventional surgical treatment in terms of cosmetic outcome and shorter duration of wound healing. BACKGROUND: The mainstay of treatment for carbuncles involves the early administration of antibiotics in combination with surgical intervention. The conventional saucerisation, or incision and drainage, under normal circumstances results in moderate to large wounds, which may need secondary surgery such as skin grafting, resulting in a longer duration of wound healing and jeopardising cosmetic outcome...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409723/role-of-electrophysiology-in-guiding-near-total-resection-for-preservation-of-facial-nerve-function-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-large-vestibular-schwannomas
#15
Daniele Bernardeschi, Nadya Pyatigorskaya, Antoine Vanier, Franck Bielle, Mustapha Smail, Georges Lamas, Olivier Sterkers, Michel Kalamarides
OBJECTIVE In large vestibular schwannoma (VS) surgery, the facial nerve (FN) is at high risk of injury. Near-total resection has been advocated in the case of difficult facial nerve dissection, but the amount of residual tumor that should be left and when dissection should be stopped remain controversial factors. The objective of this study was to report FN outcome and radiological results in patients undergoing near-total VS resection guided by electromyographic supramaximal stimulation of the FN at the brainstem...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409207/the-precise-repositioning-instrument-for-genioplasty-and-a-three-dimensional-printing-technique-for-treatment-of-complex-facial-asymmetry
#16
Lin Wang, Dan Tian, Xiumei Sun, Yanju Xiao, Li Chen, Guomin Wu
BACKGROUND: Facial asymmetry is very common in maxillofacial deformities. It is difficult to achieve accurate reconstruction. With the help of 3D printing models and surgical templates, the osteotomy line and the amount of bone grinding can be accurate. Also, by means of the precise repositioning instrument, the repositioning of genioplasty can be accurate and quick. In this study, we present a three-dimensional printing technique and the precise repositioning instrument to guide the osteotomy and repositioning, and illustrate their feasibility and validity...
April 13, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409036/pre-and-postsurgical-orthodontics-in-patients-with-moebius-syndrome
#17
Marisabel Magnifico, Diana Cassi, Ilda Kasa, Marco Di Blasio, Alberto Di Blasio, Mauro Gandolfini
The authors report a combined orthodontic-surgical correction of an adult patient's malocclusion affected by Moebius Syndrome (MS). The treatment was conducted at the Dentistry Unit and the Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the University Hospital of Parma. Treatment of malocclusion was performed after the correction of facial mimic mobility with smile surgery. The postoperative stability and orthodontic results were good and the correction of the morphological problems related to the syndrome was very satisfactory...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403134/early-computer-aided-design-computer-aided-modeling-planned-le-fort-i-advancement-with-internal-distractors-to-treat-severe-maxillary-hypoplasia-in-cleft-lip-and-palate
#18
Catherine S Chang, Jordan Swanson, Jason Yu, Jesse A Taylor
Traditionally, maxillary hypoplasia in the setting of cleft lip and palate is treated via orthognathic surgery at skeletal maturity, which condemns these patients to abnormal facial proportions during adolescence. The authors sought to determine the safety profile of computer-aided design/computer-aided modeling (CAD/CAM) planned, Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis with internal distractors in select patients presenting at a young age with severe maxillary retrusion. The authors retrospectively reviewed our "early" Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis experience-patients performed for severe maxillary retrusion (≥12 mm underjet), after canine eruption but prior to skeletal maturity-at a single institution...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403009/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-adults-the-role-of-upper-airway-and-facial-skeletal-surgery
#19
Valentina Pinto, Giovanni Sorrenti, Paolo Giovanni Morselli, Ottavio Piccin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400656/congenital-muscular-torticollis-use-of-gaze-angle-and-translational-deformity-in-assessment-of-facial-asymmetry
#20
Atul Bhaskar, U Harish, Hardik Desai
BACKGROUND: Assessment of facial asymmetry is challenging in torticollis deformity. Neck tilt in toroticollis is associated with deviation of horizontal ocular gaze and translation of neck from the midline. These deviations can be assessed clinically and can be used as surrogate marker for facial asymmetry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty five children with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) were classified into three grades of severity based on the new clinical score...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
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