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Oxygen Carrier

Jack Strand, Moloud Kaviani, David Z Gao, Al-Moatasem El-Sayed, Valeri V Afanas'ev, Alexander L Shluger
We review the current understanding of intrinsic electron and hole trapping in insulating amorphous oxide films on semiconductor and metal substrates. The experimental and theoretical evidences are provided for the existence of intrinsic deep electron and hole trap states caused by the disorder of amorphous metal oxide films. We start from presenting the results for amorphous (a) HfO<sub>2</sub>, chosen due to the availability of highest purity amorphous films, which is vital for studying their intrinsic electronic properties...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Syed M Qadri, David A Donkor, Matthew Yan, Shuoyan Ning, Donald R Branch, Jerard Seghatchian, William P Sheffield
Canadian Blood Services (CBS), Canada's national blood transfusion service, has for many years sponsored an annual conference, for the education and awareness of interested participants, showcasing the latest evidence-based understanding of both basic science and clinical issues in transfusion medicine and science. The 15th iteration of this symposium took place September 9, 2017 and focused on some of the vital aspects of red blood cells (RBC), in line with the" 3Rs" concept, namely the provision of the Right red blood cell (RBC) product to the Right patient at the Right time...
April 19, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Xiaoyuan Zhang, Matthew C Williams, Otgonchimeg Rentsendorj, Felice D'Agnillo
Chemically modified hemoglobin (Hb)-based oxygen carriers are promising oxygen replacement therapeutics however their potential renal effects are not fully understood. Using a guinea pig exchange transfusion model, we examined the effects of glutaraldehyde-polymerized bovine hemoglobin (HbG) on the permeability and integrity of the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB), which is comprised of podocytes, fenestrated endothelium, and the glomerular basement membrane. HbG induced marked proteinuria characterized in part by the loss of high molecular weight proteins, including albumin, immunoglobulin, and transferrin, at 4 and 12 hours post-infusion that resolved by 72 hours...
April 21, 2018: Toxicology
Qianqian Zhu, Wei Zhuang, Yong Chen, Zhanke Wang, Byron Villacorta Hernandez, Jinglan Wu, Pengpeng Yang, Dong Liu, Chenjie Zhu, Hanjie Ying, Zhonghua Zhu
In order to improve the stability and recyclability of enzymes immobilized on metal organic framewoks (MOFs), graphene oxide (GO) with surface oxygen-rich functional groups was selected to form ZIF-8/GO nanocomposites with the zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) for Cytochrome c (Cyt c) immobilization. It was found that functional groups on GO surface were involved in the growth of ZIF-8 without affecting the crystal structure, but their particle sizes reduced to about 200 nm. The storage stability and resistance toward to organic solvents of Cyt c were obviously improved after immobilization on the ZIF-8/GO nanocomposite...
April 24, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ahmed Bahieldin, Ahmed Atef, Sherif Edris, Nour O Gadalla, Ahmed M Ramadan, Sabah M Hassan, Sanaa G Al Attas, Magdy A Al-Kordy, Abdulrahman S M Al-Hajar, Jamal S M Sabir, Mahmoud E Nasr, Gamal H Osman, Fotouh M El-Domyati
Transcriptomic analysis was conducted in leaves of Arabidopsis T-DNA insertion ERF109-knocked out (KO) mutant or plants overexpressing (OE) the gene to detect its role in driving expression of programmed cell death- (PCD-) or growth-related genes under high salt (200 mM NaCl) stress. The analysis yielded ~22-24 million reads, of which 90% mapped to the Arabidopsis reference nuclear genome. Hierarchical cluster analysis of gene expression and principal component analysis (PCA) successfully separated transcriptomes of the two stress time points...
April 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jaroslaw Piskorz, Dariusz T Mlynarczyk, Wojciech Szczolko, Krystyna Konopka, Nejat Düzgüneş, Jadwiga Mielcarek
Photodynamic therapy of cancer comprises the activation of photosensitizer molecules delivered to cancer cells, to generate reactive oxygen species that mediate cytotoxicity. In this study, previously synthesized dendritic magnesium tribenzoporphyrazines were incorporated into four types of liposomes containing either 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) or 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) as the zwitterionic lipids. The addition of either l-α-phosphatidyl-dl-glycerol (PG) or 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammoniumpropane (DOTAP) imparted a negative or positive charge, respectively...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Yong Han Jeong, Tae Jin Lee, Misook Kang, Jeom-In Baek, Ho-Jung Ryu, No-Kuk Park
This study examined the effects of Mn on Cu-Mn-based mixed metal oxides used as oxygen transfer particles in the chemical looping combustion process. Chemical looping combustion of fuel is induced by the oxygen contained in the metal oxide. The oxidation reaction of the metal oxide particles reduced in the fuel reactor occurs in the air reactor. The metal oxide, which allows oxygen transfer, circulates between the fuel reactor to air reactor and supplies oxygen in the fuel reactor. Both reactors are operated at high temperatures (>850 °C) and the heat of reaction is recovered to produce electricity and heat...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Byeong Sub Kwak, No-Kuk Park, Jeom-In Baek, Ho-Jung Ryu, Misook Kang
The purpose of this study was to use a spinel structure to improve the performance and stability of chemical looping combustion processes. The oxygen carrier employed was Fe2MnO4, in which Ni was substituted at the Fe sites. Fe2-xNixMnO4 spinel particles were successfully synthesized by a sol-gel method. The obtained particles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, and CH4-/CO-temperature programmed desorption experiments. The XRD analysis confirmed that all the synthesized particles presented spinel structure...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Dandan Xu, Yongqiang You, Fanyu Zeng, Yong Wang, Chunyan Liang, Huanhuan Feng, Xing Ma
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), an alternative to conventional cancer therapeutics, has gained increasingly attentions for its non-invasive advantages and simultaneously fluorescence imaging property. PDT is a tripartite process that functions in simultaneous presence of a photosensitizer (PS), light and available oxygen molecules. However, many highly efficient PSs are hydrophobic and easily self-aggregate in aqueous solution, leading to quickly quenching of PDT effect. Here we construct zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) containing water insoluble photosensitizer zinc(II) phthalocyanine (ZnPc), a typical hydrophobic PS, by one-step coprecipitation process, named as ZnPc@ZIF-8...
April 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Bruce D Spiess
Perfluorocarbon (PFCs) compounds have been a hereto fore under realized pharmaceutical class of intravenous emulsions and respiratory adjuvants researched extensively since the late 1970. This review represents an introduction for a series of more detailed lectures/manuscripts that were part of a combined United States collaborative Federal agency meeting in early February, 2017 at Ft Detrick, MD, focused upon potential technologies in development to fulfill a perceived need: "When blood transfusion is not available...
April 19, 2018: Shock
Zhipeng Li, Feng Liu, Hong You, Yi Ding, Jie Yao, Chao Jin
This paper investigated the performance of the combined system of catalytic ozonation and the gas-liquid-solid internal circulating fluidized bed reactor for the advanced treatment of biologically pretreated coal chemical industry wastewater (CCIW). The results indicated that with ozonation alone for 60min, the removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD) could reach 34%. The introduction of activated carbon, pumice, γ-Al2 O3 carriers improved the removal performance of COD, and the removal efficiency was increased by 8...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Yiou Wang, Hajime Suzuki, Jijia Xie, Osamu Tomita, David James Martin, Masanobu Higashi, Dan Kong, Ryu Abe, Junwang Tang
Visible light-driven water splitting using cheap and robust photocatalysts is one of the most exciting ways to produce clean and renewable energy for future generations. Cutting edge research within the field focuses on so-called "Z-scheme" systems, which are inspired by the photosystem II-photosystem I (PSII/PSI) coupling from natural photosynthesis. A Z-scheme system comprises two photocatalysts and generates two sets of charge carriers, splitting water into its constituent parts, hydrogen and oxygen, at separate locations...
April 20, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Katherine J Lee, Aliye Z Sanou
BACKGROUND: The spectrum of altitude decompression sickness (DCS) is evolving as more cases of atypical pressure fluctuations occur. This ongoing change makes it a difficult condition to diagnose and even more difficult to identify. Both Flight Surgeons and Undersea Medical Officers (UMOs) must keep DCS on the differential. These two cases describe altitude DCS after unique pressure patterns, with one at a markedly lower than expected altitude for DCS. CASE REPORT: Both cases occurred in the F/A-18C and resulted in DCS requiring hyperbaric chamber treatment...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Jing Xin, Sijia Wang, Bing Wang, Jiazhuang Wang, Jing Wang, Luwei Zhang, Bo Xin, Lijian Shen, Zhenxi Zhang, Cuiping Yao
Purpose: As a promising photodynamic therapy (PDT) agent, Al(III) phthalocyanine chloride tetrasulfonic acid (AlPcS4 ) provides deep penetration into tissue, high quantum yields, good photostability, and low photobleaching. However, its low delivery efficiency and high binding affinity to serum albumin cause its low penetration into cancer cells, further limiting its PDT effect on gastric cancer. In order to improve AlPcS4 /PDT effect, the AlPcS4 delivery sys tems with different drug carriers were synthesized and investigated...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Eunjin Koh, Young Kyung Kim, Daye Shin, Kyung-Sup Kim
Mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC), which is essential for mitochondrial pyruvate usage, mediates transport of cytosolic pyruvate into mitochondria. Low MPC expression is associated with various cancers, and functionally associated with glycolytic metabolism and stemness. However, the mechanism by which MPC expression is regulated is largely unknown. In this study, we showed that MPC1 is downregulated in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) due to strong suppression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator (PGC)-1 alpha (PGC-1α)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemical Journal
Dong Tian, Kongzhai Li, Yonggang Wei, Xing Zhu, Chunhua Zeng, Xianming Cheng, Yane Zheng, Hua Wang
The effects of transition metal (Fe, Co and Ni) modification (adsorption, insertion and substitution) of CeO2 surfaces on oxygen vacancy formation and CH4 activation are studied on the basis of first principles calculations. The results indicate that the hollow, O-O-bridge and Ce-O-bridge sites are the most stable sites for Fe, Co and Ni atom adsorption on the CeO2(111) surface, and the double O-bridge, O-top and double O-bridge sites are the corresponding most favorable sites for the CeO2(110) surface. Most of the configurations that are generated by the transition metal modification of CeO2(111) and (110) surfaces are accompanied by the reduction of Ce4+ to Ce3+...
April 18, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Xuefei Wang, Dan Liao, Huogen Yu, Jiaguo Yu
Coupling crystal-facet engineering with selective interfacial modification has been demonstrated to be an effective strategy to enhance the photocatalytic performance of semiconductor photocatalysts. For instance, BiVO4 exhibited excellent photocatalytic activity when Pt cocatalyst was selectively modified on the (010) facet of BiVO4 single-crystal photocatalyst with exposed (010) and (110) facets. In view of the high cost and rarity of metallic Pt, it was desirable to discover low-cost electron cocatalysts that show comparable activity with Pt...
April 17, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Harvey R Fernandez, Shreyas M Gadre, Mingjun Tan, Garrett T Graham, Rami Mosaoa, Martin S Ongkeko, Kyu Ah Kim, Rebecca B Riggins, Erika Parasido, Iacopo Petrini, Simone Pacini, Amrita Cheema, Rency Varghese, Habtom W Ressom, Yuwen Zhang, Christopher Albanese, Aykut Üren, Mikell Paige, Giuseppe Giaccone, Maria Laura Avantaggiati
Therapy resistance represents a clinical challenge for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which still remains an incurable disease. There is growing evidence that cancer-initiating or cancer stem cells (CSCs) provide a reservoir of slow-growing dormant populations of cells with tumor-initiating and unlimited self-renewal ability that are left behind by conventional therapies reigniting post-therapy relapse and metastatic dissemination. The metabolic pathways required for the expansion of CSCs are incompletely defined, but their understanding will likely open new therapeutic opportunities...
April 12, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Hairong Wang, Wenwen Zhu, Jingjing Liu, Ziliang Dong, Zhuang Liu
Covalent-organic polymers (COPs) are a promising class of cross-linked polymeric networks and porous structures composed of covalently organic molecules, attracting extensive attention. Despite increasing interesting in applying COPs for applications in nanomedicine, pH-sensitive COPs that are able to sensitively respond to the slightly acidic tumor microenvironment for tumor-specific drug delivery and therapy remain to be explored to our best knowledge. Herein, a new style of pH-responsive COPs was prepared using acryloyl meso-tetra(p-hydroxyphenyl) porphine (acryloyl-THPP) to react with 4,4'-trimethylene dipiperidine (TMPD) to form the pH-responsive crosslinked biodegradable β-amino esters (BAEs)...
April 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Alejandro Sustaita-Rodríguez, Víctor H Ramos-Sánchez, Alejandro A Camacho-Dávila, Gerardo Zaragoza-Galán, José C Espinoza-Hicks, David Chávez-Flores
Nowadays the industrial chemistry reactions rely on green technologies. Enzymes as lipases are increasing its use in diverse chemical processes. Epoxidized fatty acid methyl esters obtained from transesterification of vegetable oils have recently found applications as polymer plasticizer, agrochemical, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and food additives. In this research article, grapeseed, avocado and olive oils naturally containing high percents of mono and poly unsaturations were used as starting materials for the production of unsaturated fatty acid methyl esters...
April 11, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
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