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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088333/mitochondrial-uncoupling-in-cancer-cells-liabilities-and-opportunities
#1
REVIEW
Gyorgy Baffy
Acquisition of the endosymbiotic ancestor of mitochondria was a critical event in eukaryote evolution. Mitochondria offered an unparalleled source of metabolic energy through oxidative phosphorylation and allowed the development of multicellular life. However, as molecular oxygen had become the terminal electron acceptor in most eukaryotic cells, the electron transport chain proved to be the largest intracellular source of superoxide, contributing to macromolecular injury, aging, and cancer. Hence, the 'contract of endosymbiosis' represents a compromise between the possibilities and perils of multicellular life...
January 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075563/particulate-formation-from-a-copper-oxide-based-oxygen-carrier-in-chemical-looping-combustion-for-co2-capture
#2
Feng He, William Patrick Linak, Shuang Deng, Fanxing Li
Attrition behavior and particle loss of a copper oxide-based oxygen carrier from a methane chemical looping combustion (CLC) process was investigated in a fluidized bed reactor. The aerodynamic diameters of most elutriated particulates, after passing through a horizontal settling duct, range between 2 and 5 μm. A notable number of submicron particulates are also identified. Oxygen carrier attrition was observed to lead to increased CuO loss resulting from the chemical looping reactions, i.e., Cu is enriched in small particles generated primarily from fragmentation in the size range of 10-75 μm...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071592/development-and-evaluation-of-zinc-phthalocyanine-nanoemulsions-for-use-in-photodynamic-therapy-for-leishmania-spp
#3
Luciana Betzler de Oliveira de Siqueira, Verônica da Silva Cardoso, Igor Almeida Rodrigues, Ana Lúcia Vazquez-Villa, Elisabete Pereira Dos Santos, Bruno da Costa Leal Ribeiro Guimarães, Cristal Dos Santos Cerqueira Coutinho, Alane Beatriz Vermelho, Eduardo Ricci Junior
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) combines light with photosensitizers (PS) for production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can kill infectious microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and protozoa. The application of nanotechnology has enabled the advancement of PDT because many PS are insoluble in water, necessitating a nanocarrier as a physiologically acceptable carrier. Nanoemulsions are efficient nanocarriers for solubilizing liposoluble drugs, like the PS, in water. Cutaneous (CL) and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (ML) are caused by different species of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans by sandfly bites...
February 10, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067647/decomposition-of-xenobiotics-during-visible-light-irradiation-in-the-presence-of-immobilised-photosensitisers-kinetics-study
#4
M Olak-Kucharczyk, M Foszpańczyk, M Gmurek, S Ledakowicz
The objective of this work was to study the photosensitised oxidation of the xenobiotics benzylparaben (BeP) and 2,4dichlorophenol (2,4DCP) in aqueous solutions using photosensitisers immobilised into chitosan carrier particles and visible light radiation. Zn(II) phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate tetrasodium salt and Al(III) phthalocyanine chloride tetrasulfonic acid were used as photosensitisers. The major role of the singlet oxygen during photodegradation was proven by using scavengers of reactive oxygen species...
January 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067646/development-of-downflow-hanging-sponge-dhs-reactor-as-post-treatment-of-existing-combined-anaerobic-tank-treating-natural-rubber-processing-wastewater
#5
Takahiro Watari, Trung Cuong Mai, Daisuke Tanikawa, Yuga Hirakata, Masashi Hatamoto, Kazuaki Syutsubo, Masao Fukuda, Ngoc Bich Nguyen, Takashi Yamaguchi
Conventional aerated tank technology is widely applied for post treatment of natural rubber processing wastewater in Southeast Asia; however, a long hydraulic retention time (HRT) is required and the effluent standards are exceeded. In this study, a downflow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor was installed as post treatment of anaerobic tank effluent in a natural rubber factory in South Vietnam and the process performance was evaluated. The DHS reactor demonstrated removal efficiencies of 64.2 ± 7.5% and 55.3 ± 19...
January 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067375/unusual-n-oxide-formation-in-the-peroxidation-of-cobalt-ii-ethylenediaminetetraacetates
#6
Yu-Chen Yang, Rui Wu, Yan Cai, Zhao-Hui Zhou
Unlike the usual formations of peroxo and superoxo cobalt products as oxygen carriers, N-oxido cobalt(ii) ethylenediaminetetraacetates K4[Co2(edtaO2)2]·nH2O [n = 6.5 (1), 10 (2), H4edta = ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, C10H16O8N2] and their aggregate [Co2(edtaO2)(H2O)6]n·2nH2O (3) were obtained as dioxygen insertion products. The cobalt ions in dimers 1 and 2 are hexa-coordinated by two edtaO2 ligands in different configurations respectively, which is attributed to the packing of an interesting (H2O)12 water cluster in 2...
January 9, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063472/the-effect-of-free-and-carrier-bound-cortisol-on-equine-neutrophil-function
#7
Melanie A Fratto, Kelsey A Hart, Natalie A Norton, Michelle H Barton, Steeve Giguère, David J Hurley
Cortisol is a key anti-inflammatory hormone that increases in bacterial sepsis and circulates predominantly bound to cortisol binding globulin (CBG). Only unbound cortisol was believed to be biologically active, but recent evidence suggests that CBG-bound cortisol also regulates inflammation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of free and CBG-bound cortisol on equine neutrophil function ex vivo. We hypothesized that CBG would enhance cortisol-mediated suppression of neutrophil pro-inflammatory responses...
January 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061402/sequentially-crosslinked-bioactive-hydrogels-as-nano-patterned-substrates-with-customizable-stiffness-and-degradation-for-corneal-tissue-engineering-applications
#8
Muhammad Rizwan, Gary S L Peh, Heng-Pei Ang, Nyein Chan Lwin, Khadijah Adnan, Jodhbir S Mehta, Wui Siew Tan, Evelyn K F Yim
Naturally-bioactive hydrogels like gelatin provide favorable properties for tissue-engineering but lack sufficient mechanical strength for use as implantable tissue engineering substrates. Complex fabrication or multi-component additives can improve material strength, but often compromises other properties. Studies have shown gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) as a bioactive hydrogel with diverse tissue growth applications. We hypothesize that, with suitable material modifications, GelMA could be employed for growth and implantation of tissue-engineered human corneal endothelial cell (HCEC) monolayer...
December 23, 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059504/particulate-photocatalyst-sheets-based-on-carbon-conductor-layer-for-efficient-z-scheme-pure-water-splitting-at-ambient-pressure
#9
Qian Wang, Takashi Hisatomi, Yohichi Suzuki, Zhenhua Pan, Jeongsuk Seo, Masao Katayama, Tsutomu Minegishi, Hiroshi Nishiyama, Tsuyoshi Takata, Kazuhiko Seki, Akihiko Kudo, Taro Yamada, Kazunari Domen
Development of sunlight-driven water splitting systems with high efficiency, scalability, and cost-competitiveness is a central issue for mass production of solar hydrogen as a renewable and storable energy carrier. Photocatalyst sheets comprising a particulate hydrogen evolution photocatalyst (HEP) and an oxygen evolution photocatalyst (OEP) embedded in a conductive thin film can realize efficient and scalable solar hydrogen production using Z-scheme water splitting. However, the use of expensive precious metal thin films that also promote reverse reactions is a major obstacle to developing a cost-effective process at ambient pressure...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054978/hemoglobin-based-blood-substitutes-and-the-treatment-of-sickle-cell-disease-more-harm-than-help
#10
REVIEW
Abdu I Alayash
Intense efforts have been made by both industry and academia over the last three decades to produce viable hemoglobin (Hb)-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs), also known as "blood substitutes". Human trials conducted so far by several manufactures in a variety of clinical indications, including trauma, and elective surgeries have failed and no product has gained the Food and Drug Administration approval for human use. Safety concerns due to frequent incidences of hemodynamic, cardiac events, and even death led to the termination of some of these trials...
January 4, 2017: Biomolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054331/xps-depth-profile-analysis-of-zn3n2-thin-films-grown-at-different-n2-ar-gas-flow-rates-by-rf-magnetron-sputtering
#11
M Baseer Haider
Zinc nitride thin films were grown on fused silica substrates at 300 °C by radio frequency magnetron sputtering. Films were grown at different N2/Ar flow rate ratios of 0.20, 0.40, 0.60, 0.80, and 1.0. All the samples have grain-like surface morphology with an average surface roughness ranging from 4 to 5 nm and an average grain size ranging from 13 to16 nm. Zn3N2 samples grown at lower N2/Ar ratio are polycrystalline with secondary phases of ZnO present, whereas at higher N2/Ar ratio, no ZnO phases were found...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035735/controllable-synthesis-of-hexagonal-wo3-nanoplates-for-efficient-visible-light-driven-photocatalytic-oxygen-production
#12
Yu Lei Wang, Xue Lu Wang, Yu Hang Li, Li Jun Fang, Jun Jie Zhao, Xu Lei Du, Ai Ping Chen, Huagui Yang
Facilitating charge-carrier separation and transfer is fundamentally important to improve the photocatalytic performance of semiconductor materials. Herein, two-dimensional hexagonal WO3 nanoplates were synthesized by a two-step route: rapid evaporation and solid-phase sintering. It exhibits enhanced activity of photocatalytic water oxidation compared with bulk monoclinic WO3. The electron dynamics analysis reveals that a more efficient charge-carrier separation in the former can be obtained, the origin of which can be attributed to increased number of surface defects in hexagonal WO3 nanoplates...
December 30, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032259/role-of-the-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-nqr-and-the-cytochrome-b-air12-in-controlling-superoxide-generation-at-the-plasma-membrane
#13
Catherine Biniek, Eiri Heyno, Jerzy Kruk, Francesca Sparla, Paolo Trost, Anja Krieger-Liszkay
The quinone reductase NQR and the b-type cytochrome AIR12 of the plasma membrane are important for the control of reactive oxygen species in the apoplast. AIR12 and NQR are two proteins attached to the plant plasma membrane which may be important for generating and controlling levels of reactive oxygen species in the apoplast. AIR12 (Auxin Induced in Root culture) is a single gene of Arabidopsis that codes for a mono-heme cytochrome b. The NADPH quinone oxidoreductase NQR is a two-electron-transferring flavoenzyme that contributes to the generation of O 2(•-) in isolated plasma membranes...
December 28, 2016: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025103/polymer-coated-nanoparticles-carrier-platforms-for-hydrophobic-water-and-air-sensitive-metallo-organic-compounds
#14
Daniel Valdeperez, Tianqiang Wang, Jens P Eußner, Bastian Weinert, Jianyuan Hao, Wolfgang J Parak, Stefanie Dehnen, Beatriz Pelaz
Many of the relevant compounds for anticancer therapy are metal-based compounds (metallodrugs), being platinum-based drugs such as cisplatin, carboplatin (Paraplatin(®)), and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin(®)) the most widely used. Despite this, their application is limited by issues such as cell-acquired platinum resistance and manifold side effects following systemic delivery. Thus, the development of new metal-based compounds is highly needed. The catalytic properties of a variety of metal-based compounds are nowadays very well known, which opens new opportunities to take advantage of them inside living cells or organisms...
December 23, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024357/controllable-co-release-following-near-infrared-light-induced-cleavage-of-iron-carbonyl-derivatized-prussian-blue-nanoparticles-for-co-assisted-synergistic-treatment
#15
Wei-Peng Li, Chia-Hao Su, Ling-Chuan Tsao, Chun-Ting Chang, Ya-Ping Hsu, Chen-Sheng Yeh
Carbon monoxide (CO) causes the dysfunction of mitochondria to induce the apoptosis of cancer cells giving a promising choice as an emerging treatment. The currently reported CO-based complexes still suffer from many limitations. Synthesis of CO-release carriers in the manner of on-demand control is highly anticipated. In this study, we present a near-infrared (NIR) light-responsive CO-delivery nanocarrier, a PEGylated iron carbonyl derivatized Prussian blue (PB) nanoparticle (NP). Taking the structural characteristic containing Fe(3+)-N≡C-Fe(2+) unit, the -CN(-) served as the active sites for the coordination of iron carbonyl, while the surface Fe sites chelated with the amine-functionalized polyethylene glycol (NH2-PEG6000-NH2) to yield PEGylated PB NPs carrying CO...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008761/crystalline-copper-phosphide-nanosheets-as-an-efficient-janus-catalyst-for-overall-water-splitting
#16
Ali Han, Hanyu Zhang, Ruihan Yuan, Hengxing Ji, Pingwu Du
Hydrogen is essential to many industrial processes and could play an important role as an ideal clean energy carrier for future energy supply. Herein, we report for the first time the growth of crystalline Cu3P phosphide nanosheets on conductive nickel foam (Cu3P@NF) for electrocatalytic and visible light-driven overall water splitting. Our results show that the Cu3P@NF electrode can be used as an efficient Janus catalyst for both the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER)...
January 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002942/atomic-scale-study-on-growth-and-heteroepitaxy-of-zno-monolayer-on-graphene
#17
Hyo-Ki Hong, Junhyeon Jo, Daeyeon Hwang, Jongyeong Lee, Na Yeon Kim, Seungwoo Son, Jung Hwa Kim, Mi-Jin Jin, Young Chul Jun, Rolf Erni, Sang Kyu Kwak, Jung-Woo Yoo, Zonghoon Lee
Atomically thin semiconducting oxide on graphene carries a unique combination of wide band gap, high charge carrier mobility, and optical transparency, which can be widely applied for optoelectronics. However, study on the epitaxial formation and properties of oxide monolayer on graphene remains unexplored due to hydrophobic graphene surface and limits of conventional bulk deposition technique. Here, we report atomic scale study of heteroepitaxial growth and relationship of a single-atom-thick ZnO layer on graphene using atomic layer deposition...
December 8, 2016: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001032/pt-enhanced-mesoporous-ti3-tio2-with-rapid-bulk-to-surface-electron-transfer-for-photocatalytic-hydrogen-evolution
#18
Zichao Lian, Wenchao Wang, Guisheng Li, FengHui Tian, Kirk S Schanze, Hexing Li
Pt-doped mesoporous Ti3+ self-doped TiO2 (Pt-Ti3+/TiO2) is in-situ synthesized via an ionothermal route, by treating metallic Ti in an ionic liquid containing LiOAc, HOAc and a H2PtCl6 aqueous solution under mild ionothermal conditions. Such Ti3+-enriched environment, as well as oxygen vacancies, is proven to be effective for allowing the in-situ reduction of Pt4+ ions uniformly located in the framework of the TiO2 bulk. The photocatalytic H2 evolution of Pt-Ti3+/TiO2 is significantly higher than that of the photo-reduced Pt loaded on the original TiO2 and commercial P25...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997760/biodegradable-nanocomplex-from-hyaluronic-acid-and-arginine-based-poly-ester-amide-s-as-the-delivery-vehicles-for-improved-photodynamic-therapy-of-multidrug-resistant-tumor-cells-an-in-vitro-study-of-the-performance-of-chlorin-e6-photosensitizer
#19
Ying Ji, Jihui Zhao, Chih-Chang Chu
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), which enables the localized therapeutic effect by light irradiation, provides an alternative and complementary modality for the treatment of tumor. However, the aggregation of photosensitizers in acidic microenvironment of tumor and the non-targeted distribution of photosensitizers in normal tissues significantly affect the PDT efficiency. In this study, we developed a biodegradable nanocomplex HA-Arg-PEA from hyaluronic acid (HA) and arginine based poly(ester amide)s (Arg-PEA) as the nano-carrier for chlorin e6 (Ce6)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997400/the-application-of-moving-bed-biofilm-reactor-to-denitrification-process-after-trickling-filters
#20
Lukasz Kopec, Jakub Drewnowski, Adam Kopec
The paper presents research of a prototype moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR). The device was used for the post-denitrification process and was installed at the end of a technological system consisting of a septic tank and two trickling filters. The concentrations of suspended biomass and biomass attached on the EvU Perl moving bed surface were determined. The impact of the external organic carbon concentration on the denitrification rate and efficiency of total nitrogen removal was also examined. The study showed that the greater part of the biomass was in the suspended form and only 6% of the total biomass was attached to the surface of the moving bed...
December 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
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