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facial cosmetic surgery

Jason Talmadge, Robin High, William Wesley Heckman
IMPORTANCE: Spreader grafts are commonly used for nasal valve stenosis. There is debate among practitioners regarding the optimal approach for spreader graft placement. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether an endonasal spreader graft placement leads to equivalent postoperative outcomes using a standardized nasal obstruction symptom score and whether there is a significant difference in operative time between the 2 approaches. DESIGN: A retrospective review of functional rhinoplasties by a single facial plastic surgeon over a 2-year period was conducted...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Reza M Robati, Fatemeh Moeineddin, Mina Almasi-Nasrabadi
Background: As the number of patients using dermal filler for face augmentation increases, the number of adverse events associated with injection may increase. Unpredictable repositioning of blood vessels and a more tenuous blood supply in the operated nose may increase the risk of ischemia, necrosis and vascular embolism following the filler injection. Objectives: To highlight the importance of the patient's history of previous cosmetic procedures including rhinoplasty in the emergence of vascular complications...
January 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Leo L Wang, William W Thomas, Oren Friedman
The use of injectable fillers is increasingly popular as an alternative to surgery for facial cosmetic applications. In this regard, silicone is a versatile biomaterial filler that has been used for these purposes, but its use warrants further investigation, especially since it is not clinically approved for such uses. We describe the use of silicone as a facial injectable filler through a scholarly review of the literature for cases of silicone granuloma formation published from September 2007 through September 2017, and we present various contexts in which this complication has been observed...
January 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Melani Kapetanakos, Sarah Wisniewski, Marjorie Golden, Joseph Randazzo
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck can be treated with a combination of modalities. There is an esthetic and functional compromise with midfacial defects secondary to ablative surgery and adjuvant therapies for SCC. Osteoradionecrosis, tissue contracture, and trismus, are all negative side effects of treatment and can impact a patient's function and possibly their nutrition. In this report, we describe a procedure for fabrication of a prosthesis that provides cosmetic improvement and labial competence to maintain caloric intake...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Valentino Valentini, Luigi Califano, Andrea Cassoni, Della Monaca Marco, Ingrid Raponi, Paolo Priore, Maria Teresa Fadda, Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona, Valentina Terenzi
Maxillo-mandibular reconstruction in pediatric patients involves particular functional and cosmetic implications. Attention is required for the craniofacial growth over time, involvement of the permanent dentition, facial symmetry, and donor site morbidity. Our aim is to identify the best reconstructive options for maxilla-mandibular defects in children (<18 years) based on our experience with 25 pediatric patients. We believe that reconstruction has to be performed at the same time as resection in pediatric patients...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ahmet Yildirim, Turgut Adatepe, Aysegul Gunduz, Orhan Yagiz, Nurten Uzun
Repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) is a highly sensitive electrophysiological test used for diagnosing myasthenia gravis (MG). Here, we evaluated electrodiagnostic value of RNS using facial nerve and occipitalis muscle. Patients with generalized MG were included. Clinical findings were assessed. RNS test was performed on occipitalis, nasalis, trapezius, abductor policis brevis (APB) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM) muscles. Twenty-five (78%) patients had relevant decrement during RNS test of at least one muscle...
February 10, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
Markus V Heppt, Michael C Kirchberger, Thomas Ruzicka, Carola Berking, Werner J Heppt
Isotretinoin is a first generation retinoid with pleiotropic effects on keratinocyte differentiation, proliferation, and activity of sebaceous glands. For years, there has been intense debate on whether the use of isotretinoin combined with cosmetic or surgical procedures is safe and potentially more efficient than either therapy alone. Due to delays in wound healing and keloid formation, conservative recommendations were not to combine isotretinoin with any plastic surgery or local treatment at 6 to 12 months after discontinuation of the drug...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
G Franchi, C Neiva-Vaz, A Picard, M-P Vazquez
BACKGROUND: Cross-linked hyaluronic acid-based fillers have gained rapid acceptance for treating facial wrinkles, deep tissue folds and sunken areas due to aging. This study evaluates, in addition to space-filling properties, their effects on softness and elasticity as a secondary effect, following injection of 3 commercially available cross-linked hyaluronic acid-based fillers (15mg/mL, 17,5mg/mL and 20mg/mL) in patients presenting with congenital or acquired facial malformations. PATIENTS ET METHODS: We started injecting gels of cross-linked hyaluronic acid-based fillers in those cases in 2013; we performed 46 sessions of injections in 32 patients, aged from 13-32...
February 2, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Hongtao Liu, Danian Chen, Junjun Zhang
PURPOSE: To present clinical findings of ophthalmic artery occlusion, a devastating ocular complication because of forehead autologous fat injection. METHODS: Retrospective study of three eyes of three patients whereby ophthalmic artery occlusion and/or hemiplegia occurred after forehead autologous fat injection in China. RESULTS: All patients suffered severe ocular pain, vomiting, and vision loss immediately after the injections and had unilateral permanent blindness...
February 2, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Hui Chen, Qian Zhang, Qiu Qiu, Zhenglin Yang
PURPOSE: The treatment of enophthalmos and sunken upper eyelid is challenging. Although autologous fat graft has been widely used in breast augmentation, buttock contouring, and facial rejuvenation, its application in enophthalmos and sunken upper eyelid is not yet widely utilized. The clinical safety and value of autologous fat graft in sighted patients with enophthalmos and sunken upper eyelid are unclear. This study retrospectively analyzed the cosmetic results and safety of autologous fat graft in the correction of sighted traumatic enophthalmos and sunken upper eyelid...
January 23, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Hadis Babadi, Malek Fereidooni-Moghadam, Bahman Dashtbozorgi, Bahman Cheraghian
INTRODUCTION: Despite the importance of cosmetic surgery in improving body image and promoting individuals' physical and mental health, it is accompanied with some physical, mental, and economic problems, because it is an invasive procedure. Considering such extensive consequences and given the rising demand for performing such surgeries, it is essential to consider programs for reducing such requests. The present study aimed to investigate the psychosocial causes of the tendency for facial cosmetic surgery in patients referred to medical centers in Ahvaz in 2016-2017...
January 22, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Kyung Suk Lee, Jun Oh Kim, Nam Gyun Kim, Yoon Jung Lee, Young Ji Park, Jun Sik Kim
Background: Surgery for reconstruction of defects after surgery should be performed selectively and the many points must be considered. The authors conducted this study to compare the local flap and skin graft by facial location in the reconstruction after resection of facial skin cancer. Methods: The authors performed the study in patients that had received treatment in Department of Plastic Surgery, Gyeongsang National University. The cases were analyzed according to the reconstruction methods for the defects after surgery, sex, age, tumor site, and tumor size...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Reza M Robati, Fatemeh Moeineddin, Mina Almasi-Nasrabadi
Background: As the number of patients using dermal filler for face augmentation increases, the number of adverse events associated with injection may increase. Unpredictable repositioning of blood vessels and a more tenuous blood supply in the operated nose may increase the risk of ischemia, necrosis and vascular embolism following the filler injection. Objectives: To highlight the importance of the patient's history of previous cosmetic procedures including rhinoplasty in the emergence of vascular complications...
January 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Roxana Moayer, Jordan P Sand, Albert Han, Vishad Nabili, Gregory S Keller
This is the first study to report on the prevalence of cosmetic facial plastic surgery use among facial plastic surgeons. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency with which facial plastic surgeons have cosmetic procedures themselves. A secondary aim is to determine whether trends in usage of cosmetic facial procedures among facial plastic surgeons are similar to that of nonsurgeons. The study design was an anonymous, five-question, Internet survey distributed via email set in a single academic institution...
January 5, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Islam A Elzahaby, Ashraf Khater, Ahmed Abdallah, Basel Refky, Mahmoud Abd Elaziz, Mosab Shetiwy, Amir M Zaid
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to demonstrate the safety, surgical feasibility, and esthetic features of total endoscopic submandibular sialadenectomy through a chest wall approach without the creation of any neck incisions. METHODS: Four patients with benign submandibular gland lesions underwent a total endoscopic submandibular sialadenectomy through a chest wall approach using 3 ports (one 10-mm port for the camera and two 5-mm ports for the working instruments)...
January 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
Christopher M Fleury, Jonathan A Schwitzer, Rex W Hung, Stephen B Baker
BACKGROUND: Before creation and validation of the FACE-Q by Pusic et al., adverse event types and incidences following facial cosmetic procedures were objectively measured and reported by physicians, potentially leading to misrepresentation of the true patient experience. This article analyzes and compares adverse event data from both FACE-Q and recent review articles, incorporating patient-reported adverse event data to improve patient preparation for facial cosmetic procedures. METHODS: FACE-Q adverse event data were extracted from peer-reviewed validation articles for face lift, rhinoplasty, and blepharoplasty, and these data were compared against adverse effect risk data published in recent Continuing Medical Education/Maintenance of Certification and other articles regarding the same procedures...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Kemal Findikcioglu, Serhat Sibar, Ayse Gulsen
INTRODUCTION: As well as the chin is an important esthetic unit of the facial structure, it is also the region having a key role in the appearance of the face. Correction of cosmetic and functional deformities that may occur in this region because of serious hypoplasia (microgenia) is performed by chin augmentation. Chin augmentation is most frequently performed via implant or osseous genioplasty in the literature. Both 2 techniques have their own advantages and disadvantages. In the literature, various studies comparing these 2 techniques and their long-term results are present, but in some severe microgenia cases, these techniques can be insufficient only for augmentation...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Himika Gupta, Srivalli Natarajan, Sushrut Vaidya, Shipra Gupta, Dinesh Shah, Raj Merchant, Shrikant Deshpande
Craniofacial trauma is often associated with orbital and ocular injuries. We report a case of a 21-year-old male with motor vehicular accident, orbital roof blow-in fracture, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, and left sided globe luxation with corneal abrasion and complete conjunctival denuding. The patient was managed by a multispeciality team and the eyeball was protected by amniotic membrane graft (AMG) biological dressing with novel use of inverted sterile metallic bowl as mechanical protection till the patient stabilized...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
Ömer Özkan, Özlenen Özkan, Mehmetcan Ubur, Necmiye Hadimioğlu, Melike Cengiz, İsmail Afşar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this report is to present our long-term experiences with a series of 5 face-transplanted patients in terms of surgical aspects and postoperative outcomes, and to describe possible salvage strategies in case of difficulties. METHODS: Five patients, 4 receiving full-face transplantation and 1 undergoing partial transplantation at our institution were included. The patients were aged between 19 and 54 years. Two had extensive burn scars to the face, and 3 had suffered gunshot injuries...
November 27, 2017: Microsurgery
Joshua M Ackerman, Joshua M Tybur, Chad R Mortensen
Infectious disease is an ever-present threat in daily life. Recent literature indicates that people manage this threat with a suite of antipathogenic psychological and behavioral defense mechanisms, which motivate the avoidance of people and objects bearing cues to pathogen risk. Here, we demonstrate that self-image is also impacted by these mechanisms. In seven studies, pathogen cues led individuals chronically averse to germs to express greater concern about their own physical appearance. Correspondingly, these people exhibited behavioral intentions and decisions intended to conceal or improve their appearance, such as purchasing facial products, taking pharmaceuticals, and undergoing cosmetic surgery...
November 1, 2017: Psychological Science
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