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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527721/indicators-and-outcomes-of-transfer-to-tertiary-pediatric-hospitals-for-patients-with-testicular-torsion
#1
Janae Preece, Christina Ching, Katelyn Yackey, Venkata Jayanthi, Daryl McLeod, Seth Alpert, Daniel DaJusta
INTRODUCTION: Testicular torsion threatens testicular viability with increased risk of loss with delayed management. Still, healthy adolescents continue to be transferred from community hospitals to tertiary hospitals for surgical management for torsion even though adult urologists may be available. We sought to determine reasons behind patient transfer and to evaluate whether transfer to tertiary centers for testicular torsion leads to increased rates of testicular loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for patients presenting to our free-standing pediatric tertiary care facility with surgically confirmed testicular torsion during the 5-year period between January 2011 and January 2016...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525341/morphological-analysis-of-testicles-in-cats-with-disorders-of-sex-development
#2
S Dzimira, W Nizanski, J A Madej
Disorders of sex development (DSD) are rare in cats. They can be caused by chromosomal aberrations, gene mutations or other undefined factors. The aim of the present study was to compare the histological structure and immunohistochemical reactivity of testes in cats with DSD and in healthy cats. The research material consisted of the gonads of four cats - phenotypic males with an incorrect structure of the reproductive system. The control group consisted of the testes of four healthy cats - routinely castrated phenotypical males...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516060/the-effects-of-vitamin-c-on-sperm-quality-parameters-in-laboratory-rats-following-long-term-exposure-to-cyclophosphamide
#3
Sheida Shabanian, Farnoosh Farahbod, Mahmoud Rafieian, Forouzan Ganji, Afshin Adib
Cyclophosphamide is a widely used medication and can cause oxidative stress. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Vitamin C on reproductive organs' weight and the quality of sperm parameters in laboratory rats. In this experimental study, 40 rats were randomly assigned into five groups of eight each. Distilled water (DW) group received only food and water, Group 2 was administered with drug solvent (DW) by gavage, Group 3 intraperitoneally administered with 1.6 mg/kg cyclophosphamide, Group 4 gavaged Vitamin C at 0...
April 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515592/inguinoscrotal-hernia-in-infants-three-case-reports-in-ultrasound-diagnosis
#4
Dharmraj Meena, Richa Jhuria, Sangeeta Saxena, Umesh Saini
An inguinal hernia occurs when an intestinal loop or part of the omentum or genital organs passes into the scrotal cavity or labia through an incompletely obliterated processus vaginalis. Inguinal hernias are most common in preterm neonates, especially at 32-weeks gestation. Content of hernia is mostly bowel and ovary/testicles. Presence of uterus in herniated sac is rare, and only few cases are reported in literature. Hernia is more frequently located on the right side because the right processus vaginalis closes later than the left...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504634/-a-burned-out-seminoma-lymph-node-metastasis-to-the-neck-of-a-patient-treated-for-colon-cancer
#5
Marie Louise Juul, Eva Rye Rasmussen
The incidence of metastases to the neck in testicular cancer is 4-15%, and in 5% of these cases the metastasis is the only symptom. We present a 57-year-old asymptomatic male, who had previously been treated for colon cancer. A routine PET-CT showed enlarged lymph nodes in the retroperitoneum and at the neck. A core needle biopsy from the lymph node at the neck contained malignant cells, but not from colon cancer. The lymph node was extirpated, and pathological analysis proved it to be a metastasis from a testicular seminoma...
May 15, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503242/surgical-excision-of-perineal-nodular-induration-a-cyclist-s-third-testicle
#6
Mohannad A Awad, Gregory P Murphy, Thomas W Gaither, E Charles Osterberg, Thomas A Sanford, Andrew E Horvai, Benjamin N Breyer
Perineal nodular induration (PNI), or biker's nodule, is a rare, bothersome, pseudotumour. Herein, we describe the surgical technique used to treat a healthy cyclist who developed an enlarging PNI for five years that grew into a perineal mass. The mass prevented him from cycling due to worsening discomfort and heaviness. The PNI-associated mass was successfully removed by wide surgical excision and a local advancement flap. Subsequently, the patient resumed cycling. Histopathology report demonstrated a benign lesion with abundant ropy collagen with native smooth muscle, vessels, and rare fibroblast-like spindle cells...
May 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500112/intra-abdominal-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumour-imt-mimicking-gonadal-mass-in-a-male-infant-with-undescended-testes
#7
Sanjeev Kumar Shukla, Shivya Parashar
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) is a rare benign neoplastic tumour, originally described as an inflammatory pseudotumor. Only a single case of IMT in the spermatic cord associated with undescended testes has been reported. We present a rare case of abdominal IMT in a male infant with undescended bilateral testes. The abdominopelvic mass was suspected to be a gonadal malignancy due to empty scrotal sac but proved to be otherwise on histopathology. Mass was completely resected and orchiopexy was performed for both undescended normal-appearing testes...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497170/high-systemic-and-testicular-thermolytic-efficiency-during-heat-tolerance-test-reflects-better-semen-quality-in-rams-of-tropical-breeds
#8
Priscila Reis Kahwage, Sérgio Novita Esteves, Manuel Antônio Chagas Jacinto, Waldomiro Barioni Junior, José Ricardo Macedo Pezzopane, Messy Hannear de Andrade Pantoja, Cristian Bosi, Maria Carolina Villani Miguel, Kaue Mahlmeister, Alexandre Rossetto Garcia
This study aimed to assess the capacity of Morada Nova (MN) and Santa Inês (SIN) rams to maintain body and testicular homeothermy under thermal challenge. For 5 days in the summer, 16 males (SIN = 7 and MN = 9) underwent a heat tolerance test, i.e., period 1-animals maintained in the shade (11 to 12 h); period 2-animals exposed to sunlight (12 to 13 h); and period 3-animals returned to the shade (13 to 14 h). The respiratory rate, heart rate, rectal temperature, and infrared surface temperatures (IRT) of the trunk, back, eyeball, and testicles were assessed in each period...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490684/-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-following-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-for-testicular-tumor
#9
Manabu Ishihara, Koichi Satoh, Mami Hanaoka, Kazuhito Matsuzaki, Taku Matsuda, Hajimu Miyake, Hitoshi Niki
A man in his 30s who presented with an enlarged right testicle was diagnosed with a germ cell tumor via orchiectomy. Adjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin, etoposide and bleomycin(BEP)was initiated. He developed a headache 8 days later, followed by neurological deficits 10 days later. Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)and magnetic resonance venography(MRV)showed thrombotic occlusion at the superior sagittal sinus. Anticoagulant therapy with heparin was initiated. However, a generalized epileptic seizure occurred 11 days later, and an antiepileptic drug therapy was initiated...
May 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486644/intraspecific-chromosome-polymorphisms-can-lead-to-reproductive-isolation-and-speciation-an-example-in-red-brocket-deer-mazama-americana
#10
Maurício Barbosa Salviano, Marina Suzuki Cursino, Eveline Dos Santos Zanetti, Vanessa Veltrini Abril, José Maurício Barbanti Duarte
The red brocket (Mazama americana) is a South American deer with a wide geographical distribution that presents different chromosomal variants depending on their location. At least six different cytotypes belonging to two distinct evolutionary lineages have been described. This study aimed to verify the existence of postzygotic reproductive isolation between cytotypes of M. americana by comparative evaluation of pure and hybrid males. Seven 18-month-old bucks were submitted to seminal collection and evaluation and testicle histological evaluation s...
May 8, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481071/-long-term-evolution-of-detorsion-of-the-testes-after-acute-scrotum
#11
Y González Ruiz, B Izquierdo Hernández, P Bragagnini Rodríguez, A Siles Hinojosa, R Fernández Atuán, N Álvarez García, J Gracia Romero
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term evolution of the testicles preserved after testicular torsion (TT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We realized a prospective study by ultrasound of patients diagnosed TT that underwent orchidopexy. We reviewed 85 patients treated for acute scrotum (2004-2014), finding 49TT. We excluded from the study 15 perinatal torsions, 14 orchiectomies and 5 patients who refused to participate. We analyzed 15 patients, comparing testicular volumes between affected and contralateral testes, and the difference in volume between the two testes of the 15 cases with 14 control patients (Mann-Whitney U test)...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480429/ethnobotanical-survey-of-phoenix-dactylifera-l-pollen-used-for-the-treatment-of-infertility-problems-in-algerian-oases
#12
Cherifa Selmani, Djamila Chabane, Nadia Bouguedoura
BACKGROUND: The Phoenix dactylifera L. (date palm) is known for its traditional medicinal properties across the history of native population in Algerian Sahara. There is a large trend of consumption of date palm pollen preparations in many human infertility cases in our country. However, the validity has not been scientifically tested. There has been no direct scientific research on this application. This study was undertaken to identify cultivars with greater potential in the traditional medicine uses...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479781/polyorchidism-unilateral-one-atrophic-undescended-double-testicles
#13
Mehmet Balasar, Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Pembe Oltulu, Abdülkadir Kandemir, Mehmet Kılıç, Yunus Emre Göğer, Mehmet Mesut Pişkin
Polyorchidism is a very rare genitourinary anomaly defined with the presence of more than two testicles. Polyorchidism is associated up to 40% with undescended testicles. The present report is about an incidentally detected triorchidism case with unilateral, one atrophic undescended double testicles. A 4-year-old child, diagnosed with undescended left testicle revealed during orchiopexy polyorchidism with distinct epididymis and vas deferens. Whereas one of the testicles was in regular size; the other two were atrophic...
April 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476481/testicular-torsion-a-retrospective-investigation-of-predictors-of-surgical-outcomes-and-of-remaining-controversies
#14
Irene Castañeda-Sánchez, Briana Tully, Mary Shipman, Alice Hoeft, Tyler Hamby, Blake W Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Testicular torsion (TT), a common surgical emergency worldwide, is typically treated with orchiectomy or orchiopexy. It is widely accepted that the chance of salvaging the testicle declines with time and degree of torsion. The impact of ethnicity on outcome is less well understood, and the association between weather and onset of TT remains a controversy. OBJECTIVES: It is important to know the signs of TT so that appropriate treatment can be given quickly...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472863/sexually-selected-size-differences-and-conserved-sexual-monomorphism-of-genital-cortex
#15
Simon M Lauer, Constanze Lenschow, Michael Brecht
The mammalian somatosensory cortex shows marked species-specific differences. How evolution in general and sexual selection in particular shape the somatosensory cortical body representation has not been delineated, however. Here we address this issue by a comparative analysis of genital cortex. Genitals are unique body parts in that they show sexual dimorphism, major changes in puberty and typically more pronounced species differences than other body parts (Hosken and Stockley, 2004). To study the evolution of genital cortex we flattened cortical hemispheres and assembled 104 complete body maps, revealed by cytochrome oxidase activity in layer 4 of 8 rodent and 1 lagomorph species...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467339/the-primitive-extratesticular-seminoma-diagnosis-of-a-rare-pathology
#16
Luca Saba
 Background: The Primitive Extratesticular Seminoma is a very rare condition and represents 3% of germ cell tumors; it is an indeterminate origin disease, whose diagnosis is often complicated by a nonspecific and highly variable clinical finding. CASE PRESENTATION: A caucasian 55 years old male, non-smoker, arrived to our centre with cough, severe respiratory distress and dysphagia, in a context of the superior vena cava syndrome. A Computed Tomography was performed, which shows the presence of a mediastinal anterior mass with aorto-pulmonary window and left paracardiac invasion...
April 28, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466616/one-stage-laparoscopic-orchiopexy-for-the-treatment-of-intraabdominal-testis
#17
Jaber R Jawdat, Stanislav Kocherov, Boris Chertin
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy has gradually become the gold standard for the treatment of non-palpable testicles (NPT), with different success and complication rates. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate outcomes of the one-stage laparoscopic orchiopexy for NPT in our department. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the medical files of patients who underwent laparoscopic orchidopexy with the identical technique. Only patients with at least one year follow-up were included...
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462167/xanthogranulomatous-orchitis-rare-case-with-brief-literature-review
#18
Rami S Alazab, Hamzeh M Ghawanmeh, Radwan Kh Al-Okour, Ahmad Alshammari, Tareq Lafi, Anas I Al-Karasneh, Samir Al-Bashir, Mohammad Al-Ghazo
Xanthogranulomatous reaction is uncommon non neoplastic reaction involving multiple organs, commonly kidney and gallbladder. Its rarely involve testicle. We report 69-year old man present to clinic with right testicular swelling for six month duration. Testicular markers within normal range. Us scrotum revealed right large avascular heterogeneous mass inside testicle. Right inguinal orchiectomy done and revealed Xanthogranulomatous orchitis.
July 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455211/comparison-of-intratesticular-lidocaine-sacrococcygeal-epidural-lidocaine-and-intravenous-methadone-in-cats-undergoing-castration-a-prospective-randomized-investigator-blind-clinical-trial
#19
Rocio Fernandez-Parra, Luca Zilberstein, Cyril Fontaine, Chiara Adami
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare three analgesic protocols for feline castration. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical study. ANIMALS: Forty-nine client-owned cats. METHODS: Cats were injected with intramuscular (IM) dexmedetomidine (15 μg kg(-1)) and alfaxalone (3 mg kg(-1)) and assigned randomly to one of three treatment groups. Group ITL (n = 15) were administered intratesticular 2% lidocaine (0...
March 1, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450777/rare-locations-of-epidermoid-cyst-case-reports-and-review
#20
Saibaba Mahalakshmi, Sateesha Reddy, T K Ramamurthy, B Shilpa
BACKGROUND: Epidermoid cysts are benign lesions encountered throughout the body. Eighty percent of epidermoid cyst seen in ovaries and testicles, whereas in head and neck region they account for only 1.6-7.0%. 1.6% of epidermoid cysts occur in oral cavity and they account for 0.01% of all the oral cavity cysts. CASE DETAILS: Two case reports of epidermoid cyst has been discussed. One patient reported with well defined swelling in the right lower one third of the face, another one in the upper lip...
November 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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