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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698942/mri-of-the-scrotum-recommendations-of-the-esur-scrotal-and-penile-imaging-working-group
#1
Athina C Tsili, Michele Bertolotto, Ahmet Tuncay Turgut, Vikram Dogra, Simon Freeman, Laurence Rocher, Jane Belfield, Michal Studniarek, Alexandra Ntorkou, Lorenzo E Derchi, Raymond Oyen, Parvati Ramchandani, Mustafa Secil, Jonathan Richenberg
OBJECTIVES: The Scrotal and Penile Imaging Working Group (SPI-WG) appointed by the board of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) has produced recommendations for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the scrotum. METHODS: The SPI-WG searched for original and review articles published before September 2016 using the Pubmed and Medline databases. Keywords used were 'magnetic resonance imaging', 'testis or testicle or testicular', 'scrotum', 'intratesticular', 'paratesticular', 'extratesticular' 'diffusion-weighted', 'dynamic MRI'...
July 11, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694759/using-curcumin-to-prevent-structural-impairments-of-testicles-in-rats-induced-by-sodium-metabisulfite
#2
Reza Mahmoudi, Zahra Honarmand, Saied Karbalay-Doust, Mehrzad Jafari-Barmak, Mohsen Nikseresht, Ali Noorafshan
Sodium metabisulfite (Na-MBS) is a disinfectant and preservative agent. Some organ including testicle would be in danger in the case of Na-MBS consumption. Curcumin (CUR) is the constituent of turmeric with protective properties. The effect of CUR on testicles in rats exposed to Na-MBS evaluated using stereological methods. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into eight groups. The rats in groups I to VIII received the following respectively: distilled water, CUR (100 mg/kg/day), low (0.7 mg/kg/day: acceptable daily intake), intermediate (7 mg/ kg/day), and high (70 mg/kg/day) doses of Na-MBS, and low, intermediate, and high doses of Na-MBS plus CUR...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693937/spermatogenic-dynamics-of-the-spiny-rat-kannabateomys-amblyonyx-wagner-1845-rodentia-echimyidae
#3
Verônica A Siman, Raquel S M Godoy, Fernanda C R Dias, Fabiano A Silva, Gisele M L Del Giudice, Marcos L M Gomes, Sérgio L P Matta
Rodents are distributed worldwide, playing important ecological roles regarding preservation of forest areas. Thus, the study of their reproductive biology is a key for conservation initiatives that prevent extinction and/or improve species management. The present study aimed to describe the spermatogenic dynamics of the spiny rat Kannabateomys amblyonyx, an endemic species from Atlantic Rainforest areas, in Brazil. The average body weight was 418.43g with a gonadosomatic index of 0.41%. The testicular parenchyma organization followed the pattern described for other rodent species, with a large amount of seminiferous tubules occupying 93...
June 28, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685873/three-cases-of-klinefelter-s-syndrome-with-unilateral-absence-of-vas-deferens
#4
E C Akinsal, N Baydilli, H Imamoglu, O Ekmekcioglu
Genital abnormalities such as congenital uni/bilateral absence of the vas deferens are very rare in Klinefelter's syndrome. Here, we report three cases of Klinefelter's syndrome with unilateral absence of the vas deferens. All cases had small testicles, and unilateral vas deferentia were not palpable. Hormonal evaluations revealed hypergonadotropism. One case had elevated prolactin level, and pituitary adenoma was detected by magnetic resonance imaging. All cases were diagnosed as Klinefelter's syndrome (one of them had mosaicism) cytogenetically, and some CFTR gene mutations were detected...
July 7, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670671/testicular-ischemia-caused-by-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-in-infants-incidence-conservative-treatment-procedure-and-follow-up
#5
Mustafa Yasar Ozdamar, Osman Zeki Karakus
PURPOSE: Testicular ischemia and necrosis, especially in the infant age, may result from incarcerated inguinal hernia. Duration of ischemia is a significant factor for the affected testicle. We aimed to present a case series on the conservative management in the testicular ischemia caused by incarcerated inguinal hernia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inguinal hernia repairs performed in between March 2009 and December 2014 were investigated retrospectively. Patients' characteristics, hernia side, incarceration, testicular ischemia and complications were recorded...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665455/leiomyoma-of-the-deferens-a-curious-and-extremely-rare-disease
#6
Aldo F De Rose, Guglielmo Mantica, Nataniele Piol, Carlo Toncini, Bruno Spina, Carlo Terrone
INTRODUCTION: Leiomyomas are rare benign tumors that can occur in the male urinary tract. We present a unique case of leiomyoma of the vas deferens. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present the clinical case of a 69-year-old patient with a suspected bulk close to the right epididymis, which turned out to be a leiomyoma of the vas deferens. To our knowledge, it is the fourth case in literature. CONCLUSIONS: A proper identification and the knowledge of this pathology, even if it is a very unusual event, is necessary to avoid a surgical over treatment and preserve the testicle, by removing only the tumor...
June 26, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641572/a-child-with-hypertension-and-ambiguous-genitalia-an-uncommon-variant-of-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-a-case-report
#7
Vivek Pant, Suman Baral, Bishal Shrestha, Arjun Tumbapo
BACKGROUND: Deficiency in 11β-hydroxylase as a cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia is uncommon. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hypertension with virilization in any prepubescent child. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old Asian boy from eastern Nepal presented with pain in his abdomen and hypertension. He was raised as a male but had absent testicles since birth and had precocious puberty. Plasma testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone were below baseline level...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618701/re-the-undescended-testicles-of-west-virginia-a-single-center-experience
#8
Douglas A Canning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615391/practical-approach-to-evaluating-testicular-status-in-infants-and-children
#9
REVIEW
Elke E Mau, Michael P Leonard
OBJECTIVE: To review the differences between normal, retractile, ectopic, ascended, and undescended testes and to describe the optimal way to perform a testicular examination to distinguish one from the other, as well as to demonstrate that ultrasound imaging is not necessary and to clarify when to consider specialist referral. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: This paper is based on selected findings from a MEDLINE search on undescended testes and orchiopexy referrals, and on our experience at the Urology Clinic at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario in Ottawa, including review of referrals to our clinic for undescended testes and the resultant findings of normal variants versus surgical cases...
June 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607425/brain-size-is-reduced-by-selection-for-tameness-in-red-junglefowl-correlated-effects-in-vital-organs
#10
Beatrix Agnvall, Johan Bélteky, Per Jensen
During domestication animals have undergone changes in size of brain and other vital organs. We hypothesize that this could be a correlated effect to increased tameness. Red Junglefowl (ancestors of domestic chickens) were selected for divergent levels of fear of humans for five generations. The parental (P0) and the fifth selected generation (S5) were culled when 48-54 weeks old and the brains were weighed before being divided into telencephalon, cerebellum, mid brain and optic lobes. Each single brain part as well as the liver, spleen, heart and testicles were also weighed...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597031/the-prevalence-of-incidental-findings-on-computed-tomography-of-the-abdomen-pelvis-in-pediatric-trauma-patients
#11
C Onwubiko, D P Mooney
PURPOSE: Computed tomography scans of the abdomen/pelvis (CTAP) in the adult population may reveal findings unrelated to the injury, such as a mass; the occurrence of incidental findings in pediatric patients remains unknown. This study aims to determine the percentage of pediatric trauma patients with incidental findings. METHODS: Data regarding consecutive 250 patients who underwent CTAP during their evaluation were retrieved from our level 1 pediatric trauma center trauma registry...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579069/serous-carcinoma-of-the-testicle-and-paratesticular-tissue-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Garrison F Pease, Pauline M Chou
Ovarian-type epithelial lesions of the testicle and paratesticular tissue are uncommon, especially invasive serous adenocarcinoma with just 18 cases reported in the literature. While the majority of these tumors occur in adults with an age range from 16 to 87 years, just one patient was less than 10 years old. Herein, we report only the second case of invasive serous adenocarcinoma occurring in first decade of life, that of a 7 year-old boy. Additionally, clinical presentation, imaging, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and clinical follow-up of invasive serous adenocarcinoma of the testicle are discussed along with review of the literature...
June 1, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567330/cystic-dysplasia-of-the-testis-in-an-intraabdominal-undescended-testicle
#13
Molly E Fuchs, Timothy H Atkinson, Daniel G DaJusta
Cystic dysplasia of the testis is a rare, benign pathologic finding. We present two recent cases of cystic dysplasia of the testis to our practice. The first case involves an 11 month old male presenting with a non-palpable, intra-abdominal left testis. The second case involves a 7 year old male with left scrotal swelling and a history of left renal agenesis. After review of the literature, the first case represents the first report of cystic dysplasia of the testis in an undescended, intra-abdominal testicle...
July 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565802/continuous-type-splenogonadal-fusion-a-case-report
#14
Guizhen Huang, Yidong Huang, Li Zeng, Miao Yuan, Yang Wu, Lugang Huang
Splenogonadal fusion (SGF) is a rare congenital malformation. Since it lacks characteristic features, very few cases of SGF have been diagnosed preoperatively. Laparoscopy was effective in both diagnosing and surgically treating this condition. Herein, we reported left side SGF in a male patient who was diagnosed during laparoscopic exploration, and Fowler-Stephens orchidopexy was implemented at the same time. The patient was followed up for one year. At a 6-month follow-up, the left scrotum demonstrated swelling and the internal contents were hard...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546107/intestinal-toxicity-evaluation-of-long-circulating-and-ph-sensitive-liposomes-loaded-with-cisplatin
#15
Raquel Silva Araújo, Ana Letícia Malheiros Silveira, Éricka Lorenna de Sales E Souza, Rachel Horta Freire, Cristina Maria de Souza, Diego Carlos Reis, Bruno Rocha Cordeiro Costa, Michelle Amantéa Sugimoto, Josianne Nicácio Silveira, Flaviano Dos Santos Martins, Geovanni Dantas Cassali, Jacqueline Isaura Alvarez Leite, Lirlândia Pires Sousa, Adaliene Versiani Matos Ferreira, Mônica Cristina Oliveira, Valbert Nascimento Cardoso
Cisplatin (CDDP) is a chemotherapeutic agent widely used in several anticancer protocols for instance head and neck, testicle, ovarian, lung and peritoneal carcinomatosis. According to the literature, the use of CDDP is associated with several side effects; among them, we highlighted the mucositis. CDDP, when administered by IP, promoted significant intestinal epithelium alterations in an experimental model. Our research group has proposed that the incorporation of CDDP into long-circulating and pH-sensitive liposomes (SpHL-CDDP) could help to overcome some side effects induced by this drug...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541268/scrotal-ultrasonic-features-of-congenital-bilateral-absence-of-vas-deferens
#16
Jun Liu, Zhiqian Wang, MingYang Zhou, Min Li, Weiwei Zhan
OBJECTIVE: This article discusses scrotal ultrasonic features of patients with a congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD). METHODS: Thirty-six patients with CBAVD were examined to obtain image characteristics of the bilateral testicle and epididymis by ultrasound. Each patient received a pathological examination of the sperm by percutaneous epididymal biopsy. RESULTS: Scrotal ultrasonic features were as follows: (1) testicular volumes were normal in all the 36 patients; (2) 21% (15/72) of the heads of epididymis, 67% (48/72) of the heads and bodies of epididymis, and 12% (9/72) of the heads, bodies, and tails of epididymis could be shown in the 72 epididymides of the 36 patients; (3) cystic or tubular dilation of the epididymis was obvious in all 72 abnormal epididymides; and (4) bilateral vas deferens could not be found in these patients...
June 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540223/asian-herbals-and-aphrodisiacs-used-for-managing-ed
#17
REVIEW
Peter H C Lim
In the East, many herbal tonics and preparations are used to assist the aging male improve his sexual drive or ability to perform penetrative sex by increasing sexual stimulation, erectile, ejaculatory, orgasmic and other responses for sexual function and satisfaction. The herbs and tonics act as or as "pick-me-ups" and energizing tonics which help the tired and fatigued male and those with sexual asthenia. The myths and realities concerning Tongkat Ali, sea horse, cobra meat and blood, animal penises and testicles amongst many other herbs and portions for oral intake or local application used by traditional "medical" practitioners and village doctors will be discussed...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539868/burned-out-metastatic-testicular-tumor-choriocarcinoma
#18
Mohammed S El-Sharkawy, Abdulaziz S Al-Jibali
Burned-out testicular tumor is a very rare clinical entity. There is no clinical finding in the testicle because it regresses spontaneously without any treatment and generally presents with metastases. Clinical examination of the testis and scrotal sonography are pivotal in the initial diagnosis of such neoplasms. We present a case of a 22-year-old male with hemoptysis, weight loss, and abdominal pain for the past 2 weeks and no palpable lesion on testicular examination. No relevant past medical history.
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538870/liquid-silicone-used-for-esthetic-purposes-as-a-potentiator-for-occurrence-of-post-radiotherapy-genital-lymphedema-case-report
#19
Raíssa Quaiatti Antonelli, Davi Reis Calderoni, Igor Ferreira Garcia, Rafael Fantelli Stelini, Adriano Fregonesi, Paulo Kharmandayan
CONTEXT: Lymphedema consists of extracellular fluid retention caused by lymphatic obstruction. In chronic forms, fat and fibrous tissue accumulation is observed. Genital lymphedema is a rare condition in developed countries and may have primary or acquired etiology. It generally leads to urinary, sexual and social impairment. Clinical treatment usually has low effectiveness, and surgical resection is frequently indicated. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a male-to-female transgender patient who was referred for treatment of chronic genital lymphedema...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527721/indicators-and-outcomes-of-transfer-to-tertiary-pediatric-hospitals-for-patients-with-testicular-torsion
#20
Janae Preece, Christina Ching, Katelyn Yackey, Venkata Jayanthi, Daryl McLeod, Seth Alpert, Daniel DaJusta
INTRODUCTION: Testicular torsion threatens testicular viability with increased risk of loss with delayed management. Still, healthy adolescents continue to be transferred from community hospitals to tertiary hospitals for surgical management for torsion even though adult urologists may be available. We sought to determine reasons behind patient transfer and to evaluate whether transfer to tertiary centers for testicular torsion leads to increased rates of testicular loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for patients presenting to our free-standing pediatric tertiary care facility with surgically confirmed testicular torsion during the 5-year period between January 2011 and January 2016...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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