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David James Osborn, Andy J Martinez, James R Jezior
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of circumferential cremasteric lysis in the treatment of adult symptomatic retractile testicles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients who had undergone circumferential cremasteric lysis at a single institution by a single surgeon between January 2010 and December 2011. We evaluated etiology, pre- and post-operative pain intensity, post-operative pain alleviation and any surgical complications...
October 17, 2016: Urology
V S Ulanov
This paper is designed to report the results of the comparative analysis of the structural alterations in the testicles under conditions of experimental acute and chronic alcohol intoxication in the laboratory rats. It was shown that experimental acute alcohol intoxication causes only such changes that suggest the non-specific gonadal response to alcohol poisoning and represent characteristic manifestations of the general organ reactions. The chronic exposure of the experimental animals to alcohol results in more pronounced changes in the testicles the severity of which depends on the duration of alcohol consumption...
2016: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Mustafa Güneş, Mehmet Umul, Muammer Altok
Testicular torsion is a common important urological emergency. Testicles usually undergo various degrees of rotation in a medial (inward) direction. Manual detorsion is a critical maneuver, allowing to prevent testis viability in patients with delay to get into the operation room. Testis torsion rarely occurs in lateral direction. It is important for patients undergoing manual detorsion. Hereby, we present a case of atypical lateral (outward) torsion who performed preoperative manual derotation.
October 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
G C Luvoni, M G Morselli
The hidden treasure represented by epididymal spermatozoa has great potential in the current reproductive technologies in dogs. In case of azoospermia or when a donor male accidentally dies or undergoes orchiectomy, the retrieval of epididymal spermatozoa opens new possibilities to generate progeny. Spermatozoa can be collected by different techniques from ex vivo or in vivo testicles and can be cryopreserved for a future use. Freeze tolerance of canine epididymal spermatozoa seems lower than that of ejaculated spermatozoa; however, puppies were born after artificial insemination with frozen epididymal semen, other than with fresh and chilled...
October 18, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Przemysław Bombiński, Stanisław Warchoł, Michał Brzewski, Zofia Majkowska, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł, Maria Żerańska, Małgorzata Panek, Magdalena Drop
BACKGROUND: Extravaginal testicular torsion (ETT), also called prenatal or perinatal, occurs prenatally and is present at birth or appears within the first month of life. It has different etiology than intravaginal torsion, which appears later in life. Testicular torsion must be taken into consideration in differential diagnosis of acute scrotum and should be confirmed or ruled out at first diagnostic step. Ultrasonography is a basic imaging modality, however diagnostic pitfalls are still possible...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Turan Yıldız, Zekeriya İlçe, Yasemin Gündüz, Gözde Çakar Çakırsoy
Undescended testicle is the most common congenital anomaly among males. Testicular tumor develops in 3-5% of the boys with a complaint of undescended testicle. The clinical presentation of malignant intra-abdominal testicular tumors ranges from asymptomatic cases to acute abdomen. In this study, we present a child with testicular tumor rupture which is observed very rarely. A 16-year-old boy presented 24 hours after the sudden onset of right lower quadrant pain, nausea, vomiting and fever. On physical examination, extensive tenderness in the abdomen and abdominal guarding were found...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Ecmel Işık Kaygusuz, Handan Çetiner, Serdar Moralıoğlu, Oktav Bosnalı, Ayşenur Celayir
Childhood malignant testicle tumors are very rare. In the literature to date, it has been reported that there are only 24 cavernous hemangioma cases existing in English literature. In this study, we discuss a testicular mass case which was diagnosed as cavernous hemangioma. The patient, who followed for left multicystic dysplastic kidney since his birth, was admitted to our clinic with complaints of left testicular mass and pain at 1-year of age. Histopathological investigation revealed cavernous hemagioma...
November 2015: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Muslim Akmal, Tongku Nizwan Siregar, Sri Wahyuni, Hamny, Mustafa Kamal Nasution, Wiwik Indriati, Budianto Panjaitan, Dwinna Aliza
AIM: This study aims to determine the effect of seminal vesicle extract on cyclic adenosine monophosphate responsive element modulator (CREM) expression in rat Sertoli cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined the expression of CREM on 20 male rats (Rattus norvegicus) at 4 months of age, weighing 250-300 g. The rats were divided into four groups: K0, KP1, KP2, and KP3. K0 group was injected with 0.2 ml normal saline; KP1 was injected with 25 mg cloprostenol (Prostavet C, Virbac S...
September 2016: Veterinary World
Javier Otero, Natalie Ben-Yakar, Biruk Alemayehu, Steven D Kozusko, Frank Borao, Thomas S Vates Iii
Background. Polyorchidism, alternatively supernumerary testes (SNT), is a condition where an individual is born with more than two testicles. This congenital anomaly is quite rare and the literature has described various presentations. Questions/Purposes. To our knowledge, this presentation of polyorchidism has yet to be described in the literature. The goal of this case study is to add to the pediatric, general, and urologic surgery's body of knowledge of the subject matter. Case Study. A nine-month-old boy was admitted for an impalpable right testis and phimosis...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
Francesco Catanzariti, Lucilla Servi, Andrea Fabiani, Alessandra Filosa, Gabriele Mammana
INTRODUCTION: Testicular cancer is one of the most frequent in young men and its incidence is increasing in recent years because of incidental finding during routine ultrasound exams. Adenomatous hyperplasia of the rete testis is one of the benign and rare pathological types incidentally detected and very few cases are described in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 40 years old man come to our attention for a balanoposthitis without testicular pain. During andrological examination we performed palpation of the testes and we noticed a palpable nodule of hard consistency in the left testicle...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Furkan Ufuk, Duygu Herek, Özkan Herek, Metin Akbulut
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the usefulness of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the detection of different degrees of testicular torsion (TT) at the 8(th) hour and testicular salvageability at the 24(th) hour of torsion. METHODS: Thirty-one rats were randomly classified into four groups. In group 1 (sham-control group) left testicle was kept outside and replaced. Left testicles were kept outside and twisted 360(o) in group 2, 720(o) in group 3 and 1080(o) in group 4...
October 3, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
M A Lagares, R Ecco, Nrs Martins, Ljc Lara, Jsr Rocha, Dar Vilela, V M Barbosa, P F Mantovani, Jfv Braga, I S Preis, V A Gheller, P C Cardeal, N C Baião
The objective of this study was to detect the reasons of rooster's fertility decrease at 50 weeks of age. Therefore, the reproductive system of broiler breeder roosters was laparoscopic, macroscopic and histopathology evaluated, and a comparison of the anatomical aspect with the sperm analysis and birds' age was realized. Cobb roosters (n = 59) were distributed into two groups (30 and 50 weeks). Evaluations were performed with laparoscopy, macroscopy and histopathology, and seminal quality, blood serum testosterone concentration and weight were also determined...
September 30, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
S Gholirad, M Razi, H Hassani Bafrani
This study was designed to evaluate how varicocele (VCL) can time dependently induce zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) toxicity in testicular tissue and to analyse the relation between heavy metals toxicity and lipid peroxidation, sperm DNA damage, nitrosative and carbonyl stresses. Twenty-four mature male Wistar rats were divided into control-sham and test groups, which were then submitted to experimentally induced VCL. Non-VCL-induced rats were considered as control-sham. The test groups were subdivided into three groups based on the sample collecting date (2, 6 and 8 months after VCL induction)...
September 29, 2016: Andrologia
Daniel Howard Wiznia, Mike Wang, Chang Yeon-Kim, Paul Tomaszewski, Michael P Leslie
We report a case of a unilateral testicular dislocation to the superficial inguinal region associated with a lateral compression type pelvic ring injury (OTA classification 61-C3.3a2, b2, c3) and left T-shaped acetabulum fracture (OTA classification 62-B2) in a 44-year-old male who was in a motorcycle accident. The testicular dislocation was noted during the emergency department primary survey, and its location and viability were verified with ultrasound. The testicle was isolated during surgical stabilization of the left acetabulum through a Pfannenstiel incision and modified-Stoppa approach and returned through the inguinal canal to the scrotum...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
F Bozkaya, M O Atli, A Guzeloglu, S A Kayis, M E Yildirim, E Kurar, R Yilmaz, N Aydilek
The aim was to investigate the effects of long-term heat stress and dietary restriction on the expression of certain genes involving in steroidogenic pathway and small heat-shock proteins (sHSPs) in rat testis. Sprague Dawley rats (n = 24) were equally divided into four groups. Group I and II were kept at an ambient temperature of 22°C, while Groups III and IV were reared at 38°C for 9 weeks. Feed was freely available for Group I and Group III, while Group II and Group IV were fed 60% of the diet consumed by their ad libitum counterparts...
September 23, 2016: Andrologia
Théophile Vissiennon, Markus Freick, Ergin Kilic, Thomas Schmidt, Sven Dänicke, Marion Schmicke, Eckard Schneider
Congenital testicular tumours are seldom reported in bovine species. This case report describes the clinical, sonographical, haematological, pathomorphological and immunohistological features of a Sertoli cell tumour in a neonatal German Holstein calf. Microscopically, the enlarged testicle was composed of neoplastic cells, which were packed in well-formed tubules. The mostly polygonal shaped cells had round to elongated nuclei and a scanty eosinophilic cytoplasm. Some cells were arranged perpendicularly to the light PAS-positive basement membrane...
September 21, 2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Takeshi Matsutani, Tsutomu Nomura, Nobutoshi Hagiwara, Akihisa Matsuda, Yoshimune Takao, Eiji Uchida
Purpose. To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repair using a memory-ring patch (Polysoft™ mesh). Patients and Methods. Between April 2010 and March 2013, a total of 76 inguinal hernias underwent TAPP repair using Polysoft mesh in 67 adults under general anesthesia. Three different senior resident surgeons performed TAPP repair under the instruction of a specialist surgeon. Nine patients had bilateral hernias. The 76 hernias included 37 indirect inguinal hernias, 29 direct hernias, 1 femoral hernia, 1 pantaloon hernia (combined direct/indirect inguinal hernia), and 8 recurrent hernias after open anterior hernia repair...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
Adam B Weiner, Shane M Pearce, Scott E Eggener
BACKGROUND: Surveillance has been recommended more frequently as a postorchiectomy management option for men with early stage nonseminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT) of the testicle. It is unknown how contemporary treatment patterns reflect these recommendations. METHODS: Data from the National Cancer Database were extracted on all men who were diagnosed with clinical stage (CS) IA or CSIB NSGCT between 2004 and 2013. Temporal trends in the use of chemotherapy, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND), and surveillance were measured; and multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the association of patient and clinical covariates with use of surveillance...
September 14, 2016: Cancer
Hasan Öztin, Eylem Çağıltay, Sinan Çağlayan, Mustafa Kaplan, Yaşam Kemal Akpak, Nilay Karaca, Mesut Tığlıoğlu
Male hypogonadism is defined as the deficiency of testosterone or sperm production synthesized by testicles or the deficiency of both. The reasons for hypogonadism may be primary, meaning testicular or secondary, meaning hypothalamohypophyseal. In hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), there is indeficiency in gonadotropic hormones due to hypothalamic or hypophyseal reasons. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is an important stimulant in releasing follicular stimulant hormone (FSH), mainly luteinizing hormone (LH)...
September 10, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Song Yang, Hefang Xu, Baosheng Zhao, Shasha Li, Tingting Li, Xinfang Xu, Tianjiao Zhang, Ruichao Lin, Jian Li, Xiangri Li
Semen Cuscutae is a well-known Chinese medicine which has been used to nourish kidney in China for thousands of years. The crude product of semen Cuscutae (CP) and its salt-processed product (SPP) are separately used in clinic for their different effects. The study was designed to investigate the influence of processing from semen Cuscutae on chemical components and biological effects. The principal component analysis and quantitative analysis were used to study the differences of the chemical components. The effects of nourishing kidney were detected to compare the differences between the CP and SPP...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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