keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Testicle

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346969/the-comparison-of-laparoscopic-and-microsurgical-varicocoelectomy-in-infertile-men-with-varicocoele-on-paternity-rate-12%C3%A2-months-after-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
P Bryniarski, P Taborowski, P Rajwa, Z Kaletka, M Życzkowski, A Paradysz
The best surgical approach for varicocoelectomy is still unknown, however more and more physicians favour subinguinal microsurgery. The aim of this study was to find whether microsurgical approach is superior to laparoscopic varicocoelectomy in terms of pregnancy rate, fertility potential, endocrinological function of the testis, erectile dysfunction and testicle volume increase. It was a prospective, non-masked, parallel-group randomized controlled trial with one to one allocation. It was conducted at authors' institution and designed as per protocol study...
March 27, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340890/reproductive-disorders-in-pet-rodents
#2
REVIEW
Jaume Martorell
Reproduction diseases are common presentations in small rodents. Some can be presented to the clinician as an emergency where a fast and effective treatment is required. This article presents an overview of reproductive disorders in these species. Diseases affecting the ovary, uterus, testicles, and mammary gland are developed in rats, mice, hamsters, and gerbils: inflammatory, infectious, and neoplasia. Clinical signs, diagnosis, and treatment information are included. Some specific indications about the surgical reproduction procedures are described...
May 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337635/measurement-of-bovine-body-and-scrotal-temperature-using-implanted-temperature-sensitive-radio-transmitters-data-loggers-and-infrared-thermography
#3
A L Wallage, J B Gaughan, A T Lisle, L Beard, C W Collins, S D Johnston
Synchronous and continuous measurement of body (BT) and scrotal temperature (ST) without adverse welfare or behavioural interference is essential for understanding thermoregulation of the bull testis. This study compared three technologies for their efficacy for long-term measurement of the relationship between BT and ST by means of (1) temperature sensitive radio transmitters (RT), (2) data loggers (DL) and (3) infrared imaging (IRI). After an initial pilot study on two bulls to establish a surgical protocol, RTs and DLs were implanted into the flank and mid-scrotum of six Wagyu bulls for between 29 and 49 days...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336287/a-unique-case-of-pentaorchidism
#4
Amanda Myers, Bradley Morganstern, Ronnie Fine
Polyorchidism is a rare congenital anomaly with less than 200 case reports in literature. Triorchidism - three testicles - is the most common presentation. We present an unusual case of a patient who was diagnosed with five testicles by magnetic resonance imaging. To the best of our knowledge, this rare presentation has not previously been reported in the medical literature.
March 20, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331810/juvenile-granulosa-cell-tumor-of-the-testicle-report-of-a-neonatal-case-with-positive-alpha-fetoprotein-immunohistochemical-staining
#5
Melissa Dundas, Mark Horowitz, Richard Sidlow
We report on a case of juvenile granulosa cell tumor of the testicle in a neonate, a rare testicular tumor in children. No genital ambiguity, anatomic abnormalities, nor sex chromosome aneuploidy was noted in this patient. In our case, despite positive staining for alpha-fetoprotein which is most consistent with yolk sac tumors, all clinical, gross anatomic, histologic, and other immunohistologic characteristics of the tumor remained consistent with the diagnosis of juvenile granulosa cell tumor. The alpha-fetoprotein positivity of the tumor remains unexplained...
May 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330548/-polyorchidism-is-a-rare-cause-of-a-scrotal-mass
#6
Grete Padkær, Bassam Hamid Mahdi, Poul Erik Andersen, Lars Lund
In this case report we present a 14-year-old boy with two testicles in the right hemiscrotum - a case of polyorchidism. He did not have surgery for his condition, and his condition was followed according to the guidelines. In a study, 6.4% of cases with polyorchidism were found to contain neoplasms of which the most were malignant. If the supernumerary testicle is not contributing to the spermatogenesis, it is therefore recommended to remove the testicle. Otherwise, recommendations are a yearly follow-up by Doppler ultrasound, including a physical examination to discover development of cancer...
March 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322096/cdx2-immunostaining-in-primary-and-metastatic-germ-cell-tumours-of-the-testis
#7
Fatma Oz Atalay, Berna Aytac Vuruskan, Hakan Vuruskan
Objective To evaluate the immunohistochemical staining pattern of caudal type homeobox 2 (CDX2) protein in germ cell tumours (GCTs) of the testis. Methods This study reassessed archival tissue samples collected from patients diagnosed with primary and metastatic testicular GCTs for CDX2 immunoreactivity using standard immunohistochemical techniques. Positive nuclear immunostaining was evaluated with regard to both the staining intensity and the extent of the staining. Results Tissue sections from primary and metastatic testicular GCTs ( n = 104), germ cell neoplasia in situ (GCNis) ( n = 5) and benign testicles ( n = 15) were analysed...
December 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314972/-rare-diseases-with-clinical-relevance-the-silver-russell-syndrome
#8
C Neissner, C Schepp, W H Rösch
The Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a rare imprinting disease associated with pre- and postnatal growth retardation, craniofacial features, and asymmetry. Genitourinary abnormalities are seen in up to 20% of affected individuals. Apart from structural renal anomalies, cryptorchidism and hypospadias occur frequently in boys, while girls often have anomalies similar to those in Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome with congenital hypoplasia or aplasia of the uterus and upper part of the vagina. Frequently hypospadias repair and orchiopexy are difficult because of lack of buccal mucosa due to facial dysmorphism and intraabdominal position of the testicles, respectively...
March 17, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286151/oxidative-stress-in-rats-experimentally-infected-by-sporothrix-schenckii
#9
Verônica S P Castro, Aleksandro S Da Silva, Gustavo R Thomé, Patrícia Wolkmer, Jorge L C Castro, Márcio M Costa, Dominguita L Graça, Daniele C Oliveira, Sydney H Alves, Maria R C Schetinger, Sonia T A Lopes, Lenita M Stefani, Maria I Azevedo, Matheus D Baldissera, Cinthia M Andrade
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether oxidative stress occurs in rats experimentally infected by Sporothrix schenckii, and its possible effect on disease pathogenesis. Thirty rats were divided into two groups: the group A (uninfected, n = 18) and the group B (infected by S. schenckii, n=21). Blood samples were collected on days 15, 30 and 40 post-infection (PI). At each sampling time, six rats of the group A, and seven of the group B were bled. TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) levels in serum samples were measured to evaluate lipid peroxidation...
March 7, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285465/a-rat-experimental-study-of-the-relationship-between-fluoride-exposure-and-sensitive-biomarkers
#10
Zhou Zhou, Hongmei Wang, Binghui Zheng, Zhang Han, Yanqing Chen, Yan Ma
Chronic excessive fluoride exposure impairs human health and damages not only the skeletal system and the teeth but also the soft tissues such as the brain, liver, kidneys, pancreas and spinal cord. However, there is limited research regarding the exposure levels and sensitive biomarkers. This study was aimed to establish the relationship between fluoride exposure and sensitive biomarkers. Ninety-six rats were randomly divided into six groups, with each group exposed to 0, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 mg NaF/(kg.bw), respectively...
March 12, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267895/characteristics-of-symptomatic-men-with-testicular-microlithiasis-a-danish-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#11
M R Pedersen, H Møller, S R Rafaelsen, M M B Jørgensen, P J Osther, P Vedsted
Testicular microlithiasis (TML) is an incidental finding at ultrasonography of the scrotum. A link between testicular microlithiasis and testicular cancer has been suggested. However, the majority of studies are retrospective using ultrasonography with minor data on health status and life style characteristics. Our objective was to investigate if lifestyle and health are associated with TML. In 2014, we conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey including 1538 men, who all due to testicular/scrotal symptoms had an ultrasound investigation of the scrotum during 2004-2013...
March 7, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265530/discontinued-splenogonadal-fusion-and-bilateral-empty-scrotum-in-an-18-month-old-boy
#12
Ahmed Abokrecha, Ameera Almatrfi
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare benign congenital anomaly defined as the presence of splenic tissue adherent to gonads. It was first described in 1883 by Bostroem, a German pathologist. We present a case of an 18-month-old boy who was referred as a case of bilateral empty scrotum since birth. During routine laparoscopic exploration, right vas deferens and testicular vessels were entering the right internal inguinal ring so right inguinal exploration was done, which revealed blind ending vas deferens and testicular vessels and the left testis was found intra-abdominally near the left internal ring with a mass on its upper pole...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265313/cryptorchidism-a-practical-review-for-all-community-healthcare-providers
#13
REVIEW
Luis H Braga, Armando J Lorenzo
Cryptorchidism is one of the most common congenital anomalies of the male genitalia, occurring in 1% of boys by the age of one year. Even though the etiology of cryptorchidism is multifactorial, management has evolved with the clear recognition that hormonal treatment is not effective and surgery between 6-18 months of age leads to better testicular outcomes. Diagnostic laparoscopy is considered the standard approach for management of non-palpable testes, and can be combined with one or two-stage orchidopexy, with up to 80-90% success rates...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261494/radioprotective-effects-of-cimetidine-on-rats-irradiated-by-long-term-low-dose-rate-neutrons-and-60-co-%C3%AE-rays
#14
Ding-Wen Jiang, Qing-Rong Wang, Xian-Rong Shen, Ying He, Tian-Tian Qian, Qiong Liu, Deng-Yong Hou, Yu-Ming Liu, Wei Chen, Xin Ren, Ke-Xian Li
BACKGROUND: Cimetidine, an antagonist of histamine type II receptors, has shown protective effects against γ-rays or neutrons. However, there have been no reports on the effects of cimetidine against neutrons combined with γ-rays. This study was carried out to evaluate the protective effects of cimetidine on rats exposed to long-term, low-dose-rate neutron and γ-ray combined irradiation (n-γ LDR). METHODS: Fifty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: the normal control group, radiation model group, 20 mg/(kg · d) cimetidine group, 80 mg/(kg · d) cimetidine group and 160 mg/(kg · d) cimetidine group (10 rats per group)...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258383/-new-worldwide-guidelines-for-treatment-of-inguinal-hernia-the-most-important-recommendations-from-herniasurge
#15
D Weyhe
SURGICAL TECHNIQUES: In the HerniaSurge guidelines the highest evidence is found with respect to recommendations for mesh-based surgery techniques. This includes Lichtenstein as well as the minimally invasive TEP/TAPP surgery. For discreet symptomatic or asymptomatic inguinal hernia, watchful waiting is an option if the state of health and social situation are taken into account; however, femoral hernia should be treated promptly with a mesh technique, with laparoendoscopic techniques being the more favored option...
March 3, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254529/anesthetic-effects-of-different-volumes-of-lidocaine-for-spermatic-cord-block-in-cattle
#16
Ana C Neves, Juracy Cb Santos Júnior, Rodrigo L Marucio, Monica Midon, Stelio Pl Luna
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate three volumes of lidocaine for spermatic cord block to perform castration in cattle. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: Thirty mixed-breed Nellore cattle, aged 28-40 months and weighing 395±21 (352-452) kg [mean±standard deviation (range)]. METHODS: Cattle were restrained in a chute and allowed to stand without sedation. Three milliliters of 2% lidocaine without epinephrine were infiltrated subcutaneously at each site of scrotal incision in all animals...
January 7, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253873/extended-clinical-features-associated-with-novel-glis3-mutation-a-case-report
#17
K A Alghamdi, A B Alsaedi, A Aljasser, A Altawil, Naglaa M Kamal
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the GLI-similar 3 (GLIS3) gene encoding the transcription factor GLIS3 are a rare cause of neonatal diabetes and congenital hypothyroidism with 12 reported patients to date. Additional features, previously described, include congenital glaucoma, hepatic fibrosis, polycystic kidneys, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism, osteopenia, sensorineural deafness, choanal atresia, craniosynostosis and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a new case for consanguineous parents with homozygous novel mutation in GLIS3 gene who presented with neonatal diabetes mellitus, severe resistant congenital hypothyroidism, cholestatic liver disease, bilateral congenital glaucoma and facial dysmorphism...
March 2, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246567/testicular-vasculitis-a-sonographic-and-pathologic-diagnosis
#18
Anuj Dixit, Cameron Hague, Simon Bicknell
Very little has been published about single-organ vasculitis of the testicle in the radiological literature. Consequently, it is a diagnosis that is unfamiliar to most radiologists. This case report describes the sonographic, pathologic, and laboratory findings of testicular vasculitis and reviews the available literature with regard to this subject.
2017: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245889/comparison-of-different-extenders-on-the-recovery-and-longevity-of-epididymal-sperm-from-spix-s-yellow-toothed-cavies-galea-spixii-wagler-1831
#19
Andréia Maria da Silva, Patrícia Cunha Sousa, Lívia Batista Campos, José Artur Brilhante Bezerra, Arthur Emannuel de Araújo Lago, Moacir Franco de Oliveira, Alexandre Rodrigues Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of cavy (Galea spixii) epididymal sperm following addition to TES or TRIS extenders and using a thermal resistance test (TRT), as well as fluorescence analysis as a complementary method to predict the viability of these gametes. Nine testicle-epididymis complexes were used for sperm collection using a flotation method. Epididymis tails were sliced and one was immersed in 3 ml of TRIS buffer, and the other in 3 ml of TES, for 5 min. After sperm recovery, the samples were subjected to a TRT which involved incubation in a water bath at 37°C for 3 h...
March 1, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240634/torsed-and-nontorsed-inguinal-undescended-testis-comparison-of-computed-tomography-findings
#20
Eyal Klang, Nadin Kanaan, Michalle Soudack, Yeruham Kleinbaum, Zehava Heiman, Steve Raskin, Marianne Michal Amitai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the computed tomography imaging features of a torsed inguinal testis with nontorsed inguinal testes. METHODS: Computed tomography scans of patients with undescended testes were retrospectively collected (2011-2016). Imaging features of nontorsed undescended testis were compared with a case of an inguinal torsed testis. Observations included location of the undescended testis, size (length × width) and texture of each testis, peritesticular findings, position of testicular vessels, and enhancement patterns...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
keyword
keyword
7033
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"