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Bad obstetric history

Asima Khan, Mathew Thomas, Syamala Devi P K
The aim was to study the feto-maternal outcome of pregnancies complicated by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Analysis of a prospectively-maintained database of 73 patients (June 2006-March 2016) was done. Diagnosis of SLE was made by ACR(American College of Rheumatology)-criteria. Protocol scans and blood tests were done and patients with active disease were followed biweekly for 28 weeks, and weekly thereafter. Mean age + SD was 29 ± 4.9. SLE was diagnosed before conception in 86% of patients...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Pritti K Priya, Vineet V Mishra, Thomas Liehr, Monika Ziegler, Stuti Tiwari, Alpesh Patel, Shiva Shankar Chettiar, Hetvi Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
G Thiruvikrama Prakash, Ashok Kumar Das, Syed Habeebullah, Vishnu Bhat, Suryanarayana Bettadpura Shamanna
Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is common and is accompanied with other comorbidities. Challenges to treatment exist at our institute as it serves women with low income. This study assessed the burden of comorbidities and the outcome of GDM. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study of women with gestational diabetes attending the obstetrics department from September 2012 to April 2014. GDM was diagnosed based on the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Anusha Vellamkondu, Akhila Vasudeva, Rajeshwari G Bhat, Asha Kamath, Sapna V Amin, Lavanya Rai, Pratap Kumar
Background: Present study carried out in a tertiary referral hospital in South India attempts to determine the predictive value of integrated screening at 11-14-week antenatal visit. Objectives: To determine the detection rate of fetal abnormalities at 11-14 weeks and also to predict the placental dysfunction disorders based on early integrated evaluation. Method: Integrated screening performed on 440 women between 11 and 14 weeks, including detailed maternal history [medical history, bad obstetric history (BOH)], body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), detailed ultrasound and maternal serum biochemistry as part of combined first-trimester screening for aneuploidy...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Tahmina Begum, Aminur Rahman, Herfina Nababan, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Al Fazal Khan, Taslim Ali, Iqbal Anwar
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Caesarean section (C-section) is a major obstetric intervention for saving lives of women and their newborns from pregnancy and childbirth related complications. Un-necessary C-sections may have adverse impact upon maternal and neonatal outcomes. In Bangladesh there is paucity of data on clinical indication of C-section at population level. We conducted a retrospective study in icddr,b Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area of Matlab to look into the indications and determinants of C-sections...
2017: PloS One
Malik Goonewardene, M Peiris, S Kariyawasam, S Mallawaaratchi, D Kadawathage, L Sanjeewa, P Widanapathirana, I Sandeepani
Objective: To identify possible methods of reducing high caesarean section rates in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: Analysis of birth weight of neonates, maternal age and indications for caesarean section in the groups identified by a modification of Robson’s 10 Group Classification of caesarean section (TGCS), which contribute significantly to the high caesarean section rates in the University Obstetric Unit, Teaching Hospital Mahamodara, Galle Sri Lanka during 2010 - to 2014...
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
Tanzeem Fatima, Haris Siddiqui, Sneha Ghildiyal, Manjari Baluni, Dharam Veer Singh, Amreen Zia, T N Dhole
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during pregnancy is far more complex than other infections, due to ability of the virus to be frequently reactivated during the child bearing age and may vertically transmitted to the developing fetus in spite of maternal immunity. Therefore, in the current study we determined the prevalence of CMV infection in pregnant women and tried to identify the role of maternal CMV infection in adverse pregnancy outcomes in Northern India. In this case-control study, 517 pregnant women, out of them 200 in case group and 317 in the control group...
December 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Yael Baumfeld, Reli Herskovitz, Zehavi Bar Niv, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Adi Y Weintraub
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study was to examine the hypothesis that pregnancies complicated with placenta previa have an increased risk of placental insufficiency associated pregnancy complications (IUGR, preeclampsia, placental abruption and perinatal mortality). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included all deliveries that occurred at Soroka University Medical Center (Beer Sheva, Israel) between January 1998 and December 2013. Of them 1,249 were complicated by placenta previa and represented our study group...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Deepti Jain
Pregnancy with Rh isoimmunization is a grave situation. Two women with indirect Coombs test (ICT) positive were managed conservatively with a favorable outcome. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) of middle cerebral artery (MCA) was measured every 2 weeks, and pregnancy continued till the value remained <1.5 mean of median. In one woman, the pregnancy could be prolonged to 37 weeks when delivery was induced and the neonate did not develop hyperbilirubinemia. In the second woman with bad obstetric history, when a highly positive ICT was reported, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) was given in a single dose of 5 g every 2 weeks starting at 27 weeks, for a total of three doses, along with measurement of PSV of MCA...
January 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Rakhi Rai, Subhas Chandra Saha, Ashish Jain, Rashmi Bagga, Praveen Kumar, Neelam Marwaha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Shaad Abqari, Akash Gupta, Tabassum Shahab, M U Rabbani, S Manazir Ali, Uzma Firdaus
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are an important cause of mortality and morbidity in children representing a major global health burden. It is thus important to determine their prevalence and spectrum and identify risk factors associated with the development of heart defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in the Department of Pediatrics and Center of Cardiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, from February 2014 to August 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Jyothis Purushothaman, Kochuthresia J Puthumana, Aswath Kumar, Susheela J Innah, Sareena Gilvaz
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is a common acquired autoimmune disorder defined by a low platelet count secondary to accelerated platelet destruction or impaired thrombopoesis by anti-platelet antibodies. Thrombopoietin (TPO)-mimetic drugs such as eltrombopag and romiplostim have been used successfully in many nonpregnant individuals with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) but studies based on its effects in pregnancy are limited. A 27-year-old multigravida who is a known case of ITP with bad obstetric history was referred to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at 26 weeks of gestation with complaints of mucosal bleeding and recurrent abortions...
July 2016: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Idris Usman Takai, Abdulkadir Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Combined uterine and urinary bladder rupture following prolonged obstructed labor is indeed a momentous uro-obstetric emergency. The urinary bladder involvement is distinctly rare in the absence of factors that predispose the bladder to be adherent to the lower uterine segment and is quite unusual in a primigravida. OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of uterine rupture involving urinary bladder secondary to a prolonged obstructed labor in a primigravida from a low resource setting...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
Meena Sidhu, Renu Bala, Naveen Akhtar, Vijay Sawhney
Screening and detection of clinically significant antibodies among antenatal women plays an important role in transfusion safety and preventing hemolytic disease of fetus and newborn. Routine screening of antenatal women for antibodies is not done in all blood centres of our country and so immunization rates are not known in pregnant women. We studied the prevalence of alloantibodies and titration of Anti D among antenatal multiparous women in Jammu region. In present prospective study, 750 antenatal multiparous women attending antenatal clinics were typed for ABO and D antigens...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Vijay Kishanrao Domple, Mohan K Doibale, Abhilasha Nair, Pinkesh S Rajput
BACKGROUND: To assess the maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) neonates at a tertiary hospital, Nanded, Maharashtra. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital in Nanded city of Maharashtra between January 2014 and July 2014 among 160 cases (LBW-birth weight ≤2499 g) and 160 controls (normal birth weight-birth weight >2499. Data collection was done by using predesigned questionnaire and also related health documents were checked and collected the expected information during the interview after obtaining informed consent from mothers...
January 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Sonia Malik, Korukonda Krishnaprasad
Role of progesterone in reproductive medicine is evolving with its suggested clinical role for the hormonal and nonhormonal actions in reproductive medicine. The main function of progesterone is to induce 'secretory' changes in endometrium that is further complimented by its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory actions. It positively modulates PIBF, NK cells and HOXA 10 genes for better implantation. MHRA recommends Serum Progesterone levels ≥14ng/ml in the mid-luteal phase for supporting pregnancy adequately...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mehmet Çakar, Berna Tari Kasnakoglu, Zeynep Güldem Ökem, Ümmühan Okuducu, M Sinan Beksaç
OBJECTIVE: The goal is to explore the effects of age, education, obstetric history and information sources on the (Beck) anxiety levels of pregnant women attending invasive prenatal testing. METHODS: Questionnaire results from 152 pregnant women are utilized. Results are analyzed through an independent samples t-test and a two-step cluster analysis attempting to categorize patients in terms of the chosen variables. RESULTS: t-Tests reveal that age, education and bad obstetric history do not significantly affect anxiety levels...
December 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Amany M Kamal, Azza K Ahmed, Manal Z M Abdellatif, Mohamed Tawfik, Ebtesam E Hassan
Toxoplasmosis is considered as an important risk factor for bad obstetric history (BOH) and one of the major causes of congenitally acquired infections. The present study aimed to estimate the seropositivity of T. gondii infection and associated risk factors among the attendees of high risk pregnancy and low risk antenatal care clinic of Minia Maternity and Pediatric University Hospital, Minia, Egypt. The study was carried out from April 2013 to April 2014 through 2 phases, the first phase was case-control study, and the second phase was follow-up with intervention...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Parasitology
I I Okafor, S U Arinze-Onyia, Sar Ohayi, J I Onyekpa, E O Ugwu
BACKGROUND: The essence of training traditional birth attendants (TBAs) is to attend to women in uncomplicated labor and to refer them immediately to hospitals when complications develop. AIM: The aim was to audit childbirth emergency referrals by trained TBAs to a specialist hospital in Enugu, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 205 childbirth emergencies referred to Semino Hospital and Maternity (SHM), Enugu by trained TBAs from August 1, 2011 to January 31, 2014...
July 2015: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Emmanuel Ugwa, Adewale Ashimi, Mohammed Yusuf Abubakar
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to review the caesarean section rate and perinatal mortality in Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu from 1(st) January 2010 to 31st December, 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving review of 580 case files. Ethical clearance was obtained. The records of labour ward, neonatal intensive care unit (ICU) and operating theatre were use. Information extracted includes age, parity, booking status, total deliveries, indications for caesarean section and perinatal outcome from 1(st) January 2010 to 31(st) December 2012 at Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu...
May 2015: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
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