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Bad obstetric history

Shaad Abqari, Akash Gupta, Tabassum Shahab, M U Rabbani, S Manazir Ali, Uzma Firdaus
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are an important cause of mortality and morbidity in children representing a major global health burden. It is thus important to determine their prevalence and spectrum and identify risk factors associated with the development of heart defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in the Department of Pediatrics and Center of Cardiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, from February 2014 to August 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Jyothis Purushothaman, Kochuthresia J Puthumana, Aswath Kumar, Susheela J Innah, Sareena Gilvaz
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is a common acquired autoimmune disorder defined by a low platelet count secondary to accelerated platelet destruction or impaired thrombopoesis by anti-platelet antibodies. Thrombopoietin (TPO)-mimetic drugs such as eltrombopag and romiplostim have been used successfully in many nonpregnant individuals with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) but studies based on its effects in pregnancy are limited. A 27-year-old multigravida who is a known case of ITP with bad obstetric history was referred to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at 26 weeks of gestation with complaints of mucosal bleeding and recurrent abortions...
July 2016: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Idris Usman Takai, Abdulkadir Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Combined uterine and urinary bladder rupture following prolonged obstructed labor is indeed a momentous uro-obstetric emergency. The urinary bladder involvement is distinctly rare in the absence of factors that predispose the bladder to be adherent to the lower uterine segment and is quite unusual in a primigravida. OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of uterine rupture involving urinary bladder secondary to a prolonged obstructed labor in a primigravida from a low resource setting...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
Meena Sidhu, Renu Bala, Naveen Akhtar, Vijay Sawhney
Screening and detection of clinically significant antibodies among antenatal women plays an important role in transfusion safety and preventing hemolytic disease of fetus and newborn. Routine screening of antenatal women for antibodies is not done in all blood centres of our country and so immunization rates are not known in pregnant women. We studied the prevalence of alloantibodies and titration of Anti D among antenatal multiparous women in Jammu region. In present prospective study, 750 antenatal multiparous women attending antenatal clinics were typed for ABO and D antigens...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Vijay Kishanrao Domple, Mohan K Doibale, Abhilasha Nair, Pinkesh S Rajput
BACKGROUND: To assess the maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) neonates at a tertiary hospital, Nanded, Maharashtra. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital in Nanded city of Maharashtra between January 2014 and July 2014 among 160 cases (LBW-birth weight ≤2499 g) and 160 controls (normal birth weight-birth weight >2499. Data collection was done by using predesigned questionnaire and also related health documents were checked and collected the expected information during the interview after obtaining informed consent from mothers...
January 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Sonia Malik, Korukonda Krishnaprasad
Role of progesterone in reproductive medicine is evolving with its suggested clinical role for the hormonal and nonhormonal actions in reproductive medicine. The main function of progesterone is to induce 'secretory' changes in endometrium that is further complimented by its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory actions. It positively modulates PIBF, NK cells and HOXA 10 genes for better implantation. MHRA recommends Serum Progesterone levels ≥14ng/ml in the mid-luteal phase for supporting pregnancy adequately...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mehmet Çakar, Berna Tari Kasnakoglu, Zeynep Güldem Ökem, Ümmühan Okuducu, M Sinan Beksaç
OBJECTIVE: The goal is to explore the effects of age, education, obstetric history and information sources on the (Beck) anxiety levels of pregnant women attending invasive prenatal testing. METHODS: Questionnaire results from 152 pregnant women are utilized. Results are analyzed through an independent samples t-test and a two-step cluster analysis attempting to categorize patients in terms of the chosen variables. RESULTS: t-Tests reveal that age, education and bad obstetric history do not significantly affect anxiety levels...
December 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Amany M Kamal, Azza K Ahmed, Manal Z M Abdellatif, Mohamed Tawfik, Ebtesam E Hassan
Toxoplasmosis is considered as an important risk factor for bad obstetric history (BOH) and one of the major causes of congenitally acquired infections. The present study aimed to estimate the seropositivity of T. gondii infection and associated risk factors among the attendees of high risk pregnancy and low risk antenatal care clinic of Minia Maternity and Pediatric University Hospital, Minia, Egypt. The study was carried out from April 2013 to April 2014 through 2 phases, the first phase was case-control study, and the second phase was follow-up with intervention...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Parasitology
I I Okafor, S U Arinze-Onyia, Sar Ohayi, J I Onyekpa, E O Ugwu
BACKGROUND: The essence of training traditional birth attendants (TBAs) is to attend to women in uncomplicated labor and to refer them immediately to hospitals when complications develop. AIM: The aim was to audit childbirth emergency referrals by trained TBAs to a specialist hospital in Enugu, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 205 childbirth emergencies referred to Semino Hospital and Maternity (SHM), Enugu by trained TBAs from August 1, 2011 to January 31, 2014...
July 2015: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Emmanuel Ugwa, Adewale Ashimi, Mohammed Yusuf Abubakar
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to review the caesarean section rate and perinatal mortality in Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu from 1(st) January 2010 to 31st December, 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving review of 580 case files. Ethical clearance was obtained. The records of labour ward, neonatal intensive care unit (ICU) and operating theatre were use. Information extracted includes age, parity, booking status, total deliveries, indications for caesarean section and perinatal outcome from 1(st) January 2010 to 31(st) December 2012 at Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu...
May 2015: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Setu Rathod, Sunil Kumar Samal, Sujata Singh, Sujata Swain
Quadruplets are a set of four offspring born at one birth which can be fraternal (multizygotic), identical (monozygotic) or a combination of both. Multizygotic quadruplets occur from fertilisation of four different sets of ovum and sperm. Monozygotic multiples are the result of a fertilized egg that splits into two or more embryos. Multizygotic quadruplets can be all male, all female, or a combination of both while monozygotic quadruplets will always be of the same gender. Here we present a case of 32-year-old G4P3L0 with previous history of three term intrauterine foetal death (IUFD) at 27 wk of gestation...
April 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Zaiba Sher, Mussaret Ashraf, Nabila Irum, Shaheen Bashir, Nagina Khaliq, Saima Yaqub
OBJECTIVE: To reduce average induction delivery internal in patients with poor Bishop score without compromising fetomaternal outcome (in terms of birth weight, NICU admission, maternal complications and mode of delivery). STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) General Hospital, Islamabad, from February to December 2009. METHODOLOGY: All patients needing 2nd dinoprostone pessary for induction of labour were included in the study...
May 2015: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Katrien De Wilde, Inge Tency, Sarah Steckel, Marleen Temmerman, Hedwig Boudrez, Lea Maes
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of our study were (1) to explore knowledge, beliefs and practice among midwives and gynecologists concerning a smoking cessation policy for pregnant women and their partners and (2) to examine if midwives and gynecologists do have a role in smoking cessation in pregnant women. METHOD: We performed a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with nine midwives and eight gynecologists. Data were analyzed using deductive content analysis, based on the 5 A's framework (Ask-Advise-Assess-Assist-Arrange)...
June 2015: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Bright Jebaraj Selvaraj, Dalim Kumar Baidya, Puneet Khanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2013: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Xin-Qi Zhong, Qi-Liang Cui
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk factors between preterm and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births. METHODS: A total of 1 270 newborns who had no obstetric risk factors or maternal diseases were enrolled in this study. Their mothers' stature, body weight, passive smoking, and history of abnormal pregnancy were investigated using the self-designed questionnaire. The infants were divided into four groups: preterm, appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA), SGA, and term infants...
December 2014: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Hemah Andiappan, Veeranoot Nissapatorn, Nongyao Sawangjaroen, Myat Htut Nyunt, Yee-Ling Lau, Si Lay Khaing, Khin Myo Aye, Nan Cho Nwe Mon, Tian-Chye Tan, Thulasi Kumar, Subashini Onichandran, Noor Azmi bin Mat Adenan
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite, causes a disease called toxoplasmosis which can sometimes be acquired congenitally by a newborn from an infected mother. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection and its associated risks among 219 and 215 pregnant women from Malaysia and Myanmar, respectively. METHODS: Anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies were screened by using standard commercial ELISA kits...
2014: Parasites & Vectors
Siddharth H Jain, Vellanki V Sainarersh, Himanshu V Patel, Hargovind L Trivedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
S Uzun, F Saricaoglu, B Ayhan, B Topatan, S B Akinci, U Aypar
It is known that nitrous oxide (N2O) inactivates vitamin B12 and causes hyperhomocysteinemia. The personnel working at the operating theatres are repeatedly exposed to N2O in the ambient air. This prompted us to investigate the biochemical indices of vitamin B12 metabolic status among female personnel working under various levels of N2O exposure. In this study, the homocysteine and folic acid levels were assessed and bad obstetric outcome was questioned. Sixty operating theatre female personnel were examined...
2014: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Chul Min Park, Hye-Jin Seo, Young-Eun Jung, Moon-Doo Kim, Seong-Chul Hong, Won-Myong Bahk, Bo-Hyun Yoon, Min Hee Hur, Jae Min Song
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study sought to identify factors associated with antenatal depression in pregnant Korean females, including sociodemographic parameters, social support, social conflict, and bipolarity. METHODS: Eighty-four pregnant women were recruited to complete questionnaires on sociodemographic factors, obstetric history, depressive symptoms, and bipolarity. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Korean version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
2014: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Varsha Vyas, Deepika Shukla, Surekha Patil, Shubha Mohite
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease most frequently found in women of child bearing age and may co-exist with pregnancy. Disease exacerbation, increased foetal loss, neonatal lupus and an increased incidence of pre-eclampsia are the major challenges. Its multisystem involvement and therapeutic interventions like anticoagulants, steroids and immunosuppressive agents pose a high risk for both surgery and anaesthesia. We describe successful management of an antinuclear antibody (ANA) positive parturient with bad obstetric history who underwent elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia...
March 2014: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
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