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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221179/natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-notes-in-gynecology
#1
Karl Jallad, Mark D Walters
Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) is an emerging field in minimally invasive surgery. NOTES can be performed via a variety of approaches, including through the stomach, esophagus, bladder, and rectum, but the majority of cases have been performed transvaginally. Potential advantages of natural orifice surgery in gynecology include the lack of abdominal incisions, less operative pain, shorter hospital stay, improved visibility, and the possibility to circumvent extensive lysis of adhesion to reach the pelvic cavity...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212279/do-mothers-benefit-from-a-child-focused-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-cbt-for-childhood-functional-abdominal-pain-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#2
Claudia Calvano, Martina Groß, Petra Warschburger
While the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) approaches for childhood functional abdominal pain (FAP) is well-established for child outcomes, only a few studies have reported on parent-specific outcomes. This randomized controlled pilot trial analyzed effects of a group CBT on maternal variables (i.e., pain-related behavior, worries and self-efficacy, as well as general psychosocial strain). Methods: The sample constituted of 15 mothers in the intervention group (IG) and 14 mothers in the waitlist control group (WLC)...
February 15, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211278/endoscopic-removal-of-multiple-sharp-gastro-duodenal-foreign-bodies
#3
Samuel Costa, Raquel Gonçalves, Carla Rolanda
A 45 years old female,with bipolar disorder,was brought to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain. The patient was hemodynamically stable,with no signs of respiratory distress. On abdominal examination she had pain in the upper quadrants,without peritoneal irritation. The successful endoscopic removal decreases if delayed approach, beyond 12 h, and sharp objects. Moreover in case of sharp objects, even if already into the stomach or duodenum, they should be retrieved endoscopically if it can be accomplished safely, because the risk of a complication during its natural exteriorization is as high as 35%...
February 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145196/recognition-and-management-of-foreign-body-ingestion-and-aspiration
#4
Oliver William McKinney, Paul Anthony Heaton, Jane Gamble, Siba Prosad Paul
Foreign body ingestion and foreign body aspiration commonly affect children. The most vulnerable age is between six months and four years, when children tend to explore new objects with their mouths. Many of these events remain asymptomatic, with the swallowed object passing through the gastrointestinal tract without causing harm. However, the frequency of serious complications as a result of the ingestion of hazardous objects has increased in recent years, in particular button batteries and magnets. To increase the likelihood of identifying foreign body ingestion and aspiration, healthcare professionals should maintain a high index of suspicion, be aware of the variation in presentations and include it as a differential diagnosis in children presenting with non-specific symptoms, such as fever, cough, drooling, dysphagia and abdominal pain...
February 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008467/readmissions-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-a-uk-district-general-hospital
#5
Olugbenga Awolaran, Tabitha Gana, Nehemiah Samuel, Kenneth Oaikhinan
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard for the treatment of symptomatic gallstones and its practice as day case where possible is considered the standard over the last decade. However, readmission after surgery is recognised as a new problem. AIM: The aim of this cohort observational study was to investigate the readmission rate in a district general hospital and identify the causes of readmission in order to explore ways by which this can be reduced or managed more cost effectively...
December 23, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964725/the-enigma-of-primary-and-secondary-encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis
#6
Hisham Allam, Omer Al Yahri, Sharon Mathew, Adham Darweesh, Ahmed Nafea Suliman, Sherif Abdelaziem, Mohamed Khairat, Adriana Toro, Isidoro Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis (EPS) describes a variety of diseases that are frequently confused with different names and different etiopathogeneses. The aim of this article is to report personal experience of focusing on correct classification and the status of current diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed. Age, sex, ethnic origin, past medical history, symptoms and their duration, radiological tools and signs, laboratory tests, preoperative diagnosis, surgical approach, intraoperative findings, pathological findings, hospital stay, morbidity and mortality were studied...
December 13, 2016: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902953/rectal-free-perforation-after-stapled-hemorrhoidopexy-a-case-report-of-laparoscopic-peritoneal-lavage-and-repair-without-stoma
#7
Seokyong Ryu, Byung-Noe Bae
INTRODUCTION: Stapled hemorrhoidopexy is widely performed for treatment of prolapsed hemorrhoids because of advantages, including shorter hospital stay and less discomfort, compared with conventional hemorrhoidectomy. However, it can have severe adverse effects, such as rectal bleeding, perforation, and sepsis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a healthy 28-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with sudden-onset diffuse abdominal pain and hematochezia...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890912/performance-of-laparoscopic-pancreatoduodenectomy-for-solid-pseudopapillary-tumor-of-pancreas
#8
Orlando Jorge M Torres, José Maria A Moraes Junior, Anmara Moura Moraes, Camila Cristina S Torres, Antonio Talvane T Oliveira
BACKGROUND Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (Frantz tumor) is a rare, low-grade malignant neoplasm. Laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy is a good approach for tumors located in the pancreatic head. We present two successful cases in young women. CASE REPORT A 19-year-old woman was admitted to Department of Digestive Surgery due to epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen was performed, and a 3.0×2.2 cm solid tumor localized in the head of the pancreas was observed...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770082/endovascular-reconstruction-of-extrahepatic-portal-vein-in-noncirrhotic-and-nonmalignant-chronic-portal-vein-thrombosis-secondary-to-an-iatrogenic-stenotic-lesion
#9
Manuel Guerrero-Hernandez, Carlos A Hinojosa, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Erika Elenes, Aldo Torre
Portal vein (PV) thrombosis (PVT) in the absence of liver disease or thrombophilia is rare. We report a 57-year-old male with a history of stage 3 chronic kidney disease who presented at the emergency department 18 months after abdominal surgery with progressive abdominal pain and distention. Computed tomography revealed PVT with multiple collaterals and moderate ascites. He had undergone partial gastrectomy and gastrojejunal anastomosis at an outside facility for gastrointestinal stromal tumors that caused an iatrogenic stenotic lesion in the PV...
November 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726973/frequency-of-vital-sign-assessment-and-clinical-deterioration-in-an-australian-emergency-department
#10
Katherine Lambe, Judy Currey, Julie Considine
BACKGROUND: Understanding of clinical deterioration of emergency department patients is rapidly evolving. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and nature of vital sign collection and clinical deterioration in emergency care. METHODS: A descriptive exploratory approach was used. Data were collected from the records of 200 randomly selected adults with presenting complaints of abdominal pain, shortness of breath, chest pain and febrile illness from 1 January to 31 December 2014 at a 22 bed emergency department in Melbourne, Australia...
November 2016: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721199/laparoscopic-resection-of-perforated-duodenal-diverticulum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Ting-Chia Yeh
BACKGROUND: Duodenum diverticulum is the most common site for diverticular disease of small intestine. Most of duodenal diverticulum are asymptomatic, but complicated or perforated duodenal diverticulum is rare. Nonoperative management is attractive in selected patients, because of higher surgical complications. We suggest the use of a minimally invasive operative method as an alternative approach for the management of complicated duodenal diverticulum, especially when conservative treatment has failed...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707760/small-cell-neuroendocrine-cancer-of-the-prostate-an-atypical-presentation-of-a-common-disease
#12
Daniela Alves, Maria Eufémia Calmeiro, Rosa Silva, Hugo Coelho
A 70-year-old man with a history of prostate cancer, previously submitted to surgical castration and trans-urethral resection of the prostate, was admitted to Accident and Emergency department. He had been suffering from osteoarticular and abdominal pain, and recent weight loss. An abdominal and a pelvic CT showed multiple hepatic metastases and a pelvic mass, but his prostate-specific antigen values were low (0.26 n/mL). A biopsy of a hepatic metastasis and of the pelvic mass revealed a small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer, a rare and aggressive androgen-independent form of prostate cancer with a poor prognosis...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642528/pulmonary-embolism-presenting-as-abdominal-pain-an-atypical-presentation-of-a-common-diagnosis
#13
Hasan Rehman, Elizabeth John, Payal Parikh
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a frequent diagnosis made in the emergency department and can present in many different ways. Abdominal pain is an unusual presenting symptom for PE. It is essential to maintain a high degree of suspicion in these patients, as a delay in diagnosis can be devastating for the patient and confers a high risk of mortality if left untreated. Here, we report the case of a 53-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with worsening right upper quadrant abdominal pain with fevers...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582654/optimizing-treatment-for-rectal-prolapse
#14
Jennifer Hrabe, Brooke Gurland
Rectal prolapse is associated with debilitating symptoms and leads to both functional impairment and anatomic distortion. Symptoms include rectal bulge, mucous drainage, bleeding, incontinence, constipation, tenesmus, as well as discomfort, pressure, and pain. The only cure is surgical. The optimal surgical repair is not yet defined though laparoscopic rectopexy with mesh is emerging as a more durable approach. The chosen approach should be individually tailored, taking into account factors such as presence of pelvic floor defects and coexistence of vaginal prolapse, severe constipation, surgical fitness, and whether the patient has had a previous prolapse procedure...
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561369/small-bowel-obstruction-in-the-virgin-abdomen-time-to-challenge-surgical-dogma-with-evidence
#15
Yvonne Ying-Ru Ng, James Chi-Yong Ngu, Andrew Siang-Yih Wong
BACKGROUND: Although adhesions account for more than 70% of small bowel obstruction (SBO), they are thought to be less likely aetiologies in patients without previous abdominal surgery. Expedient surgery has historically been advocated as prudent management in these patients. Emerging evidence appears to challenge such a dogmatic approach. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in all SBO patients with a virgin abdomen admitted between January 2012 and August 2014...
August 25, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519454/the-emergency-medicine-approach-to-abdominal-vascular-graft-complications
#16
REVIEW
Richard Slama, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a deadly condition, particularly with rupture. Emergency physicians provide vital frontline care to the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has become the gold standard for treatment of AAA, but the management of EVAR complications is not well discussed in the emergency medicine literature. OBJECTIVE OF THIS REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide an emergency medicine-focused review of the complications of EVAR...
October 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513589/laparoscopic-treatment-of-a-retroduodenopancreatic-endometriotic-cyst-observed-postpartum
#17
Giuseppe Piccinni, Giuseppe Massimiliano De Luca, Stefano Lafranceschina, Antonio Biondi, Andrea Marzullo, Angela Gurrado, Mario Testini
Endometriosis occurs in 5%-10% of fertile women, usually in the pelvic region, such as the ovaries, uterine ligaments, pelvic peritoneum, and rectovaginal septum. A mesenteric endometriotic cyst is an exceptional observation and difficult to diagnose preoperatively. We report a case of a large mesenteric endometriotic cyst treated by laparoscopy. A 21-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted as an emergency to our Academic Hospital on the 30th day postpartum for abdominal pain and a palpable epigastric mass. A CT scan revealed a mass measuring 7...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500130/acute-bowel-obstruction-in-a-giant-recurrent-right-bochdalek-s-hernia-a-report-of-complication-on-both-sides-of-the-diaphragm
#18
Hasan S Massloom
CONTEXT: Diagnosis of congenital Bochdalek's hernia (BH) in adulthood is extremely rare and requires a fastidious surgical repair, the failure of which might result in a recurrence with severe complications. We report a rare case of a giant, right BH that recurred after surgical repair and was complicated with complete bowel obstruction. CASE REPORT: A 51-year-old Saudi male, with past surgical history of laparotomy that failed to repair BH, presented to the emergency room with severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and hypovolemic shock...
June 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499643/mevalonate-kinase-deficiency-current-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
Leslie A Favier, Grant S Schulert
Mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) is a recessively inherited autoinflammatory disorder with a spectrum of manifestations, including the well-defined clinical phenotypes of hyperimmunoglobulinemia D and periodic fever syndrome and mevalonic aciduria. Patients with MKD have recurrent attacks of hyperinflammation associated with fever, abdominal pain, arthralgias, and mucocutaneous lesions, and more severely affected patients also have dysmorphisms and central nervous system anomalies. MKD is caused by mutations in the gene encoding mevalonate kinase, with the degree of residual enzyme activity largely determining disease severity...
2016: Application of Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426665/percutaneous-retrograde-recanalization-of-an-occluded-celiac-artery-complicating-acute-aortic-dissection
#20
Haruka Oki, Ryota Kawasaki, Koji Sugimoto
A 79-year-old woman with a complaint of persistent upper abdominal pain was admitted to our hospital for the treatment of thrombosed acute type B aortic dissection. Computed tomography showed the complete static occlusion of the celiac artery. Because of progressive symptom with elevation of liver enzymes and metabolic acidosis 11 h after admission, endovascular revascularization was attempted on an emergent basis. After a failed catheterization of the celiac ostium in an antegrade fashion due to a hard occlusion, we succeeded in a retrograde recanalization through the pancreaticoduodenal arcade via the superior mesenteric artery with stent placement using a pull-through technique...
June 2, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
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