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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351028/influence-of-feeding-types-during-the-first-months-of-life-on-calciuria-levels-in-healthy-infants-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Natalia Ferré, Carmen Rubio-Torrents, Veronica Luque, Ricardo Closa-Monasterolo, Veit Grote, Berthold Koletzko, Piotr Socha, Dariusz Gruszfeld, Jean Paul Langhendries, Anne Sengier, Elvira Verduci, Joaquin Escribano
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dietary factors can modify calciuria. We aim to investigate urinary calcium excretion in healthy infants according to their protein. METHODS: Secondary data analysis from a randomized clinical trial where healthy term infants were randomized after birth to a higher (HP) or lower (LP) protein content formula that was consumed until age 1 year. A non-randomized group of breastfed (BF) infants was used for reference. Anthropometry, dietary intakes and calciuria (calcium/creatinine ratios) from spot urine samples were assessed at ages 3 and 6 months...
March 29, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350831/post-term-growth-and-cognitive-development-at-5-years-of-age-in-preterm-children-evidence-from-a-prospective-population-based-cohort
#2
Laure Simon, Simon Nusinovici, Cyril Flamant, Bertrand Cariou, Valérie Rouger, Géraldine Gascoin, Dominique Darmaun, Jean-Christophe Rozé, Matthieu Hanf
While the effects of growth from birth to expected term on the subsequent development of preterm children has attracted plentiful attention, less is known about the effects of post-term growth. We aimed to delineate distinct patterns of post-term growth and to determine their association with the cognitive development of preterm children. Data from a prospective population-based cohort of 3,850 surviving infants born at less than 35 weeks of gestational age were used. Growth was assessed as the Body Mass Index (BMI) Z-scores at 3, 9, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350557/double-versus-single-tendon-transfers-to-improve-shoulder-function-in-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#3
Dustin A Greenhill, William R Smith, F V Ramsey, Scott H Kozin, Dan A Zlotolow
BACKGROUND: In children with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) undergoing tendon transfers to augment shoulder external rotation, it is unclear whether transfer of the latissimus dorsi with its combined latissimus dorsi and teres major (cLT) versus isolated teres major (iTM) tendon transfer yield different outcomes. METHODS: Records of patients with BPBP who underwent shoulder tendon transfers to augment external rotation were retrospectively reviewed. Transfer type (cLT or iTM) was considered indiscriminate by virtue of surgeon preference...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346956/early-nephrectomy-in-unilateral-multicystic-dysplastic-kidney-in-children-cures-hypertension-early-an-observation
#4
Basant Kumar, Vijai Datta Upadhyaya, Manish Kumar Gupta, Laxmi Kant Bharti, Ram Nawal Rao, Sheo Kumar
Objective Surgery is still indicated as the treatment of choice in subset of patients with unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (UMCDK) because of its potential complications and malignant change. The purpose of this study is to present our observation that early nephrectomy may cure hypertension early in children with UMCDK and review the literature. Materials and Methods We report here four children (two males and two females) with antenatally diagnosed UMCDK with hypertension, treated in the past 4 years...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346672/congenital-bilateral-anterior-nasal-atresia-in-16-half-sibling-holstein-friesian-calves
#5
M McGowan, C Smith, A Ferguson, B Stone, D Vankan, R Allavena
CASE REPORT: Cases of bilateral anterior nasal atresia, sometimes referred to as arhinia or partial arhinia, are extremely rare in cattle and have only been reported as single events. This report describes the birth of 16 Holstein Friesian calves over a 3-month period, all affected with bilateral atresia of the nares and anterior nasal cavity, with 2 calves having additional severe deviation of the nasomaxillary bones and nasal septum. One affected calf was born with an anatomically normal twin...
April 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346269/cohort-variation-in-selection-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-selected-birth-defects-among-males
#6
Tim A Bruckner, Deborah Karasek, Wei Yang, Gary M Shaw, Ralph A Catalano
BACKGROUND: The literature theorizes, but does not test, that variation over time in selective loss in utero affects the observed count of live-born birth defects cases. We test the hypothesis that the risk of birth defects among live-born males varies inversely with the strength of selection against males in utero. METHODS: We identified a subset of six birth defect phenotypes among males from the California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, an active surveillance system for over 490,000 male singletons born in eight California counties from 1986 through 2004...
March 23, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345774/clinical-features-of-trisomy-12-mosaicism-report-and-review
#7
Bo Hong, Janice Zunich, Amanda Openshaw, Reha M Toydemir
Trisomy 12 mosaicism is a rare condition. Herein, we report a patient with mosaic trisomy 12 who was conceived by in vitro fertilization. She presented with mild dysmorphic features at birth, including down-slanting palpebral fissures, a depressed and creased nasal bridge, and mild rhizomelic shortening of the limbs. She had age-appropriate development at 6 months of age, but displayed slightly more dysmorphic features than at birth. Chromosome analysis on peripheral blood revealed a normal female karyotype in 50 metaphases...
March 27, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343882/a-contemporary-description-of-french-newborns-growth-using-the-efemeris-cohort
#8
A-B Beau, M Tauber, C Chollet, C Hurault-Delarue, C Bouilhac, J-L Montastruc, I Lacroix, C Damase-Michel
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in childhood are a major concern in developed countries. Reference growth curves are used in current practice to identify children at risk, especially at risk of overweight or obesity. National reference growth curves were published 35 years ago from children born in the 1950s to study growth from birth to adulthood. Additionally, more recent national curves exist to study birth weight and height according to gestational age. The primary objective was to describe anthropometric measurements of French children born in the 2000s and to compare them with the French references...
March 23, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343768/successful-spontaneous-conception-and-live-birth-in-a-woman-with-an-extremely-low-level-of-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-who-received-korean-herbal-medicine-bogungsamul-tang-a-case-report
#9
Jaesung Lee, Sujeong Heo, Eunjeong Jeong
Conventional treatments do not appreciably improve fecundity in women with extremely low-serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH). In Korea, herbal medicine is widely used to treat female infertility. We report a case in which an infertile woman with a very low AMH level naturally conceived after two months of herbal treatment (Bogungsamul-tang), ultimately giving birth to a full-term baby. Although AMH levels were not measured immediately before and after treatment, our study suggests that Korean herbal remedies are a viable option for infertile women with negligible AMH levels...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340039/infant-birth-outcomes-are-associated-with-dna-damage-biomarkers-as-measured-by-the-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-cytome-assay-the-dadhi-study
#10
Mansi Dass Singh, Philip Thomas, Maryam Hor, Theodora Almond, Julie Owens, William Hague, Michael Fenech
Accumulation of DNA damage in the first 1000 days may increase risk of accelerated ageing and degenerative diseases in adult life such as cancers. The extent of DNA damage in infants and the correlation of maternal factors during pregnancy with neonate birth outcomes and DNA damage is not known in infants born in Australia. Therefore, we performed a prospective cohort study to collect data on DNA damage in lymphocytes of Australian infants (aged 0, 3 and 6 months), using the cytokinesis block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-Cyt) assay...
March 3, 2017: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339607/gross-motor-trajectories-during-the-first-year-of-life-for-preterm-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight
#11
Yu-Han Su, Suh-Fang Jeng, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Yu-Kang Tu, Yen-Tzu Wu, Li-Chiou Chen
Background.: Early identification of motor dysfunction in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants is important in order to provide early intervention. Objective.: This study was to examine the motor trajectories of VLBW preterm infants during their first year of life and to investigate the predictive ability and influencing factors of the trajectories. Design and Methods.: A total of 342 VLBW preterm infants were prospectively assessed for motor development by the Alberta Infant Motor Scales at 4, 6, 9 and 12 months and for developmental outcomes using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development- second edition at 24 months...
February 4, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339500/detecting-congenital-malformations-lessons-learned-from-the-mpepu-study-botswana
#12
Gbolahan Ajibola, Rebecca Zash, Roger L Shapiro, Oganne Batlang, Kerapetse Botebele, Kara Bennett, Florence Chilisa, Erik von Widenfelt, Joseph Makhema, Shahin Lockman, Lewis B Holmes, Kathleen M Powis
INTRODUCTION: A large and increasing number of HIV-infected women are conceiving on antiretroviral treatment (ART). While most antiretrovirals are considered safe in pregnancy, monitoring for rare pregnancy and infant adverse outcomes is warranted. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective secondary analysis nested within a clinical trial of infant cotrimoxazole vs. placebo prophylaxis in Botswana (the Mpepu Study). Infants were examined at birth, and at least every 3 months through 18 months of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338760/childhood-maltreatment-and-young-adulthood-hallucinations-delusional-experiences-and-psychosis-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, James G Scott, Gail Williams, Alexandra Clavarino, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Child maltreatment is a widespread public health problem associated with a range of mental health disorders later in life. In order to effectively address these disorders, there is a need to understand more about the mental health consequences of different types of child maltreatment. This study examines the associations between prospectively substantiated child maltreatment (ages 0-14 y) and reports of hallucinations and delusional experiences at 21 years after birth. As well, we examined 12-month and lifetime psychotic disorders using data from a longitudinal birth cohort...
January 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338723/non-specific-effects-of-bcg-vaccination-on-morbidity-among-children-in-greenland-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
S Haahr, S W Michelsen, M Andersson, K Bjorn-Mortensen, B Soborg, J Wohlfahrt, M Melbye, A Koch
Background: The potential non-specific effects of BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin) vaccination, with reported reduction of infectious disease morbidity among vaccinated children, in addition to the protective effect against tuberculosis (TB), are highly debated. In Greenland, BCG vaccination was introduced in 1955, but temporarily discontinued from 1991 to 1996 due to nationwide policy changes. Using the transient vaccination stop, we aimed to investigate possible non-specific effects of BCG vaccination by measuring nation-wide hospitalization rates due to infectious diseases other than TB among vaccinated and unvaccinated children...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338584/spring-assisted-cranioplasty-for-the-correction-of-non-syndromic-scaphocephaly-a-quantitative-analysis-of-100-consecutive-cases
#15
W Rodgers, G E Glass, S Schievano, A Borghi, N Rodriguez-Florez, A Tahim, F Angullia, W Breakey, P Knoops, M Tenhagen, J O'Hara, A Ponniah, G James, D J Dunaway, Nuo Jeelani
BACKGROUND: Spring-assisted cranioplasty has been proposed as an alternative to total calvarial remodelling for sagittal craniosynostosis. Advantages include its minimally invasive nature, reduced morbidity and hospital stay. Potential drawbacks include the need for a second procedure for removal and the lack of published long-term follow-up. We present a single institution experience of 100 consecutive cases using a novel spring design. METHODS: All patients treated at our institution between April 2010 and September 2014 were evaluated retrospectively...
March 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337738/does-birth-under-registration-reduce-childhood-immunization-evidence-from-the-dominican-republic
#16
Steve Brito, Ana Corbacho, Rene Osorio
The consequences of lacking birth certificates remain largely unexplored in the economic literature. We intend to fill this knowledge gap studying the effect of lacking birth certificates on immunization of children in the Dominican Republic. This is an interesting country because a significant number of children of Haitian descent face the consequences of lacking proper documentation. We use the distance to the civil registry office and the mother's document of identification as instrumental variables of the child's birth certificate...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336268/malaria-incidence-during-early-childhood-in-rural-burkina-faso-analysis-of-a-birth-cohort-protected-with-insecticide-treated-mosquito-nets
#17
Sabrina Wehner, Gabriele Stieglbauer, Corneille Traoré, Ali Sie, Heiko Becher, Olaf Müller
BACKGROUND: Even in the high transmission areas of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the incidence of falciparum malaria varies greatly depending on factors such as age, rainfall pattern, distance to breeding places, quality of houses, and existing vector control measures. Insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITN) have now become the vector control standard in nearly all of SSA. This study aims to describe and analyse the incidence of malaria in a cohort of young children protected with ITN in rural West Africa...
March 20, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335737/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-hiv-infected-versus-non-infected-infants-and-hiv-disease-progression-in-cytomegalovirus-infected-versus-non-infected-infants-early-treated-with-cart-in-the-anrs-12140-pediacam-study-in-cameroon
#18
Anfumbom K W Kfutwah, Paul Alain T Ngoupo, Casimir Ledoux Sofeu, Francis Ateba Ndongo, Georgette Guemkam, Suzie Tetang Ndiang, Félicité Owona, Ida Calixte Penda, Patrice Tchendjou, Christine Rouzioux, Josiane Warszawski, Albert Faye, Mathurin Cyrille Tejiokem
BACKGROUND: The outcome of CMV/HIV co-infection in infants treated early with combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in resource-limited settings has not been described. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and identify factors associated with early CMV infection in HIV-infected and non-infected infants included in a study in Cameroon, and to compare HIV disease progression and survival after 1 year of early cART, following infants' CMV status. METHODS: HIV-infected infants followed from birth or from HIV diagnosis before 7 months old and HIV-uninfected infants born to HIV-infected or uninfected mothers were tested for CMV at a median age of 4...
March 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335096/estimation-of-methane-emissions-from-local-and-crossbreed-beef-cattle-in-dak-lak-province-of-vietnam
#19
Carlos Alberto Ramírez-Restrepo, Dung Van Tien, Ngoan Le Duc, Mario Herrero, Phung Le Dinh, Dung Dinh Van, Sen Le Thi Hoa, Cuong Vu Chi, Cesar Solano-Patiño, Amy M Lerner, Timothy D Searchinger
Objective: This study was aimed at evaluating effects of cattle breed resources and alternative mixed-feeding practices on meat productivity and emission intensities from household farming systems in Daklak Province, Vietnam. Methods: Records from Local Yellow x Red Sindhi (Bos indicus; Lai Sind) and ½ Limousin, ½ Drought Master and ½ Red Angus cattle during the growth (0 to 21 months) and fattening (22 to 25 months) periods were used to better understand variations on meat productivity and enteric methane emissions...
March 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335014/impact-of-high-intensity-polio-eradication-activities-on-children-s-routine-immunization-status-in-northern-india
#20
Marco J Haenssgen
The objective of this article is to analyse and quantify the side effects of the Polio Eradication Initiative on routine immunization performance in India. Past studies have faced methodological challenges in assessing these side effects. This article offers a methodological alternative for health policy analysts. The research uses secondary household survey data from the Indian District-Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS), focusing on children aged 10-30 months in the Northern Indian states of Uttar Pradesh (n = 34 327) and Bihar (n = 20 525)...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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