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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926371/residential-agricultural-pesticide-exposures-and-risks-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#1
Gary M Shaw, Wei Yang, Eric M Roberts, Susan E Kegley, David K Stevenson, Suzan L Carmichael, Paul B English
BACKGROUND: Pesticides exposures are aspects of the human exposome that have not been sufficiently studied for their contribution to risk for preterm birth. We investigated risks of spontaneous preterm birth from potential residential exposures to 543 individual chemicals and 69 physicochemical groupings that were applied in the San Joaquin Valley of California during the study period, 1998-2011. METHODS: The study population was derived from birth certificate data linked with Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development maternal and infant hospital discharge data...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925410/adiponectin-leptin-and-insulin-in-breast-milk-associations-with-maternal-characteristics-and-infant-body-composition-in-the-first-year-of-life
#2
D Chan, S Goruk, A B Becker, P Subbarao, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, D Lefebvre, M R Sears, C J Field, M B Azad
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding may protect against excessive weight gain during infancy. However, the breast milk components responsible for this effect are unknown. We examined the variation of three breast milk hormones (adiponectin, leptin and insulin) according to maternal characteristics and determined their association with infant body composition. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We studied a representative subset of 430 breastfed infants in the CHILD birth cohort...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924555/early-changes-in-brain-structure-correlate-with-language-outcomes-in-children-with-neonatal-encephalopathy
#3
Kevin A Shapiro, Hosung Kim, Maria Luisa Mandelli, Elizabeth E Rogers, Dawn Gano, Donna M Ferriero, A James Barkovich, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini, Hannah C Glass, Duan Xu
Global patterns of brain injury correlate with motor, cognitive, and language outcomes in survivors of neonatal encephalopathy (NE). However, it is still unclear whether local changes in brain structure predict specific deficits. We therefore examined whether differences in brain structure at 6 months of age are associated with neurodevelopmental outcomes in this population. We enrolled 32 children with NE, performed structural brain MR imaging at 6 months, and assessed neurodevelopmental outcomes at 30 months...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924435/aggressive-posterior-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-a-premature-male-infant
#4
Jun Zhou, Zheng Liu, Hai-Yan Ying, Tao Liu
A premature male infant was born at 30 weeks' gestation with a birth weight of 1,700 g in a rural hospital. He was diagnosed with respiratory distress syndrome and received continuous positive airway pressure treatment for 26 days. At 26 days after birth, the patient was transferred to our hospital for further evaluation and management. A comprehensive eye examination revealed a stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) involving zone 2 in both eyes. The patient was recommended to a provincial-level eye hospital for emergency laser therapy...
May 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924426/changes-in-the-whole-blood-donor-population-in-south-west-germany-2010-versus-2016
#5
Michael Müller-Steinhardt, Christian Weidmann, Harald Klüter
BACKGROUND: In the recent past, the discrepancy between blood supply and future demand may have been overestimated. As medical progress develops rapidly, it will be essential to monitor ongoing demographic changes in the donor population regularly and to re-evaluate retention and recruiting strategies. The aim of the current study was to compare first-time donor (FTD) characteristics and their return rates. We therefore compared whole blood (WB) donations in total and the annual donation frequencies in 2010 and in 2015/2016...
August 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924357/developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-do-the-responsible-for-screening-know-what-to-do
#6
Bruno Gonçalves Schröder E Souza, Tiago Evangelista de Melo, Thiago Mattos Resende, Rafaela Clara Resende da Silva, Soraya Amanda Cruz, Valdeci Manoel de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge on developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) by professionals involved in its diagnosis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to assess the knowledge about DDH. Orthopedic surgeons and pediatricians, residents and medical students from a tertiary teaching hospital were included in the study. RESULTS: We evaluated 142 medical students, eight orthopedic residents, ten pediatric residents, seven pediatricians, and nine orthopedic surgeons; 50% declared not having examined any DDH case in the last year and only three had diagnosed more than 10 cases during their career...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924002/variations-in-infant-and-childhood-vitamin-d-supplementation-programs-across-europe-and-factors-influencing-adherence
#7
Suma Uday, Ardita Kongjonaj, Magda Aguiar, Ted Tulchinsky, Wolfgang Hoegler
BACKGROUND: Nutritional rickets is a growing global public health concern despite existing prevention programs and health policies. We aimed to compare infant and childhood vitamin D supplementation policies, implementation strategies and practices across Europe and explore factors influencing adherence. METHODS: European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Bone and Growth Plate Working Group members and other specialists completed a questionnaire on country-specific vitamin D supplementation policy and child healthcare programs, socioeconomic factors, policy implementation strategies, and adherence...
September 18, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923640/pregnancy-after-liver-transplantation-risks-and-outcomes
#8
A Baskiran, S Karakas, V Ince, M Kement, F Ozdemir, O Ozsay, K Kutluturk, V Ersan, C Koc, B Barut, S Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of liver transplant recipients who became pregnant after transplantation. METHODS: The clinical data of all patients who underwent liver transplantation between January 2007 and December 2016 in our liver transplantation institute were reviewed. The following data were analyzed: indications for transplantation, recipient age at the beginning of pregnancy, the interval between transplantation and pregnancy, maternal and fetal complications, type of delivery, the health condition of neonates, and modifications in immunosuppressive therapy...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923118/hypothermia-for-encephalopathy-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-helix-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Sudhin Thayyil, Vania Oliveira, Peter J Lally, Ravi Swamy, Paul Bassett, Mani Chandrasekaran, Jayashree Mondkar, Sundaram Mangalabharathi, Naveen Benkappa, Arasar Seeralar, Mohammod Shahidullah, Paolo Montaldo, Jethro Herberg, Swati Manerkar, Kumutha Kumaraswami, Chinnathambi Kamalaratnam, Vinayagam Prakash, Rema Chandramohan, Prathik Bandya, Mohammod Abdul Mannan, Ranmali Rodrigo, Mohandas Nair, Siddarth Ramji, Seetha Shankaran
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia reduces death and disability after moderate or severe neonatal encephalopathy in high-income countries and is used as standard therapy in these settings. However, the safety and efficacy of cooling therapy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where 99% of the disease burden occurs, remains unclear. We will examine whether whole body cooling reduces death or neurodisability at 18-22 months after neonatal encephalopathy, in LMICs. METHODS: We will randomly allocate 408 term or near-term babies (aged ≤ 6 h) with moderate or severe neonatal encephalopathy admitted to public sector neonatal units in LMIC countries (India, Bangladesh or Sri Lanka), to either usual care alone or whole-body cooling with usual care...
September 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923014/scn8a-mutations-in-chinese-patients-with-early-onset-epileptic-encephalopathy-and-benign-infantile-seizures
#10
Jiaping Wang, Hua Gao, Xinhua Bao, Qingping Zhang, Jiarui Li, Liping Wei, Xiru Wu, Yan Chen, Shujie Yu
BACKGROUND: SCN8A mutations have recently been associated with epilepsy and neurodevelopmental disorders. This study aimed to broaden the phenotypic-spectrum of disease related with SCN8A mutations. METHODS: To identify the pathogenic gene of a Chinese family, in which six members suffered from epilepsy, whole-exome sequencing was performed. In addition, target next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed on 178 sporadic patients, who had epilepsy of unknown etiology within 6 months after birth...
September 18, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922571/interprofessional-oral-health-initiative-in-a-nondental-american-indian-setting
#11
Kate L Murphy, Laura S Larsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tooth decay is the most common chronic childhood disease and American Indian (AI) children are at increased risk. Pediatric primary care providers are in an opportune position to reduce tooth decay. The purpose of this study was to integrate and evaluate a pediatric oral health project in an AI, pediatric primary care setting. METHODS: The intervention set included caregiver education, caries risk assessment, and a same-day dental home referral...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922410/cesarean-section-without-medical-indication-and-risk-of-childhood-asthma-and-attenuation-by-breastfeeding
#12
Shuyuan Chu, Qian Chen, Yan Chen, Yixiao Bao, Min Wu, Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that caesarean section (CS) may increase the risk of asthma in children, but none of them could preclude potential confounding effects of underlying medical indications for CS. We aim to assess the association between CS itself (without medical indications) and risk of childhood asthma. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based case-control study on childhood asthma with 573 cases and 812 controls in Shanghai. Unconditional logistic regression models in SAS were employed to control for potential confounders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921813/what-is-the-safest-mode-of-birth-for-extremely-preterm-breech-singleton-infants-who-are-actively-resuscitated-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#13
Marinela Grabovac, Jehan N Karim, Tetsuya Isayama, Sugee Korale Liyanage, Sarah D McDonald
BACKGROUND: The safest delivery mode of extremely preterm breech singletons is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine safest delivery mode of actively resuscitated extremely preterm breech singletons. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Cochrane CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and ClinicalTrials. gov from 1994-May 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included studies comparing outcomes by delivery mode in actively resuscitated breech infants between 23(+0) -27(+6) weeks...
September 18, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919619/comparison-of-serum-bilirubin-with-transcutaneous-bilirubinometry-in-late-preterm-and-term-newborn
#14
N Nahar, M A Mannan, A C Dey, F Ahmed, K A Khan, I Jahan, S K Dey, M Shahidullah
Neonatal jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia is a common occurrence in newborns. It can progress to develop kernicterus unless intervention is initiated. Severity and decision for management are usually based on serum bilirubin which needs blood sampling. Transcutaneous bilirubin measurement is a noninvasive technique and correlates closely with serum bilirubin. This Cross sectional study was done in the Department of Neonatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University from March 2013 to August 2014 to evaluate the transcutaneous bilirubin in comparison to serum bilirubin...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918772/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-dengue-virus-denv-infection-in-the-first-2-years-of-life-in-a-brazilian-prospective-birth-cohort
#15
P M S Castanha, U R Montarroyos, S M M Silveira, G D M Albuquerque, M J G Mello, K G S Lopes, M T Cordeiro, E T A Marques, C M T Martelli, C Braga
This study assessed the incidence and risk factors for dengue virus (DENV) infection among children in a prospective birth cohort conducted in the city of Recife, a hyperendemic dengue area in Northeast Brazil. Healthy pregnant women (n = 415) residing in Recife who agreed to have their children followed were enrolled. Children were followed during their first 24 months of age (May/2011-June/2014), before the 2015 Zika virus outbreak. DENV infection was detected by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and/or serology (anti-DENV IgM/IgG)...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918753/neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-associated-with-situs-inversus-totalis-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
Rahul Gupta, Varsha Soni, Prakash Devidas Valse, Ram Babu Goyal, Arun Kumar Gupta, Praveen Mathur
BACKGROUND: The association of neonatal intestinal obstruction with situs inversus totalis is extremely rare with only few cases reported in the literature to date. This association poses dilemmas in management. We present two such cases (of Indian origin), and briefly discuss the pertinent literature and measures to prevent unfavorable outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1: a 1-month-old preterm (1300 g) male neonate belonging to Hindu (Indian) ethnicity presented with recurrent bile-stained vomiting, non-passage of stools and epigastric fullness...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918275/the-association-between-ambient-temperature-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-china
#17
Tongjun Guo, Yuanyuan Wang, Hongguang Zhang, Ya Zhang, Jun Zhao, Yan Wang, Xiaoxu Xie, Long Wang, Qian Zhang, Dujia Liu, Yuan He, Ying Yang, Jihong Xu, Zuoqi Peng, Xu Ma
BACKGROUND: With the gradual increase of global warming, the impact of extreme temperatures on health has become a focus of attention, however, its relationship with preterm birth remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between exposure to extreme temperatures and preterm birth. METHODS: Temperature exposures and birth outcomes of 1,020,471 pregnant women from 132 cities in China were investigated. The pregnancy process was divided into different pregnancy periods...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#18
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917084/evaluation-of-neurodevelopment-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-by-the-denver-developmental-screening-test
#19
Ayşe Derya Buluş, Esra Tiftik
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are essential for growth and brain development in childhood. Although congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common reason for mental retardation, normal neurological development can be achieved through early and effective treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neurological development of CH patients aged 24-56 months. METHODS: The study included a total of 116 healthy control subjects and 112 patients aged 24-56 months who were diagnosed with CH during the neonatal period and were being followed up at the Pediatric Endocrinology Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, between 2012 and 2015...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915918/a-longitudinal-study-of-serological-responses-to-coxiella-burnetii-and-shedding-at-kidding-among-intensively-managed-goats-supports-early-use-of-vaccines
#20
Michael Muleme, Angus Campbell, John Stenos, Joanne M Devlin, Gemma Vincent, Alexander Cameron, Stephen Graves, Colin R Wilks, Simon Firestone
Vaccination against Coxiella burnetii, the cause of Q fever, is reportedly the only feasible strategy of eradicating infection in ruminant herds. Preventive vaccination of seronegative goats is more effective in reducing shedding of C. burnetii than vaccinating seropositive goats. The age at which goats born on heavily-contaminated farms first seroconvert to C. burnetii has not yet been documented. In a 16-month birth cohort study, the age at which goats seroconverted against C. burnetii was investigated; 95 goats were bled every 2 weeks and tested for antibodies against C...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Research
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