keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

birth season

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792776/prevalence-of-inadequate-immunity-to-measles-mumps-rubella-and-varicella-in-mlb-and-nba-athletes
#1
Justin J Conway, Brett G Toresdahl, Daphne I Ling, Nicole T Boniquit, Lisa R Callahan, James J Kinderknecht
BACKGROUND: Multiple outbreaks of vaccine-preventable viral diseases have occurred in professional sports in recent years. Currently, there is no established protocol for vaccination or immunity screening for professional athletes. HYPOTHESIS: There are significant differences in the prevalence of inadequate immunity dependent on age, sport, country of birth, and participation in collegiate sports. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784930/comparative-mrna-and-mirna-expression-in-european-mouflon-ovis-musimon-and-sheep-ovis-aries-provides-novel-insights-into-the-genetic-mechanisms-for-female-reproductive-success
#2
Ji Yang, Xin Li, Yin-Hong Cao, Kisun Pokharel, Xiao-Ju Hu, Ze-Hui Chen, Song-Song Xu, Jaana Peippo, Mervi Honkatukia, Juha Kantanen, Meng-Hua Li
Prolific breeds of domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are important genetic resources due to their reproductive performance, which is characterized by multiple lambs per birth and out-of-season breeding. However, the lack of a comprehensive understanding of the genetic mechanisms underlying the important reproductive traits, particularly from the evolutionary genomics perspective, has impeded the efficient advancement of sheep breeding. Here, for the first time, by performing RNA-sequencing we built a de novo transcriptome assembly of ovarian and endometrial tissues in European mouflon (Ovis musimon) and performed an mRNA-miRNA integrated expression profiling analysis of the wild species and a highly prolific domestic sheep breed, the Finnsheep...
May 21, 2018: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783717/associations-of-maternal-vitamin-d-deficiency-with-pregnancy-and-neonatal-complications-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Paige van der Pligt, Jane Willcox, Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, Emily Murray, Anthony Worsley, Robin M Daly
Pregnant women in Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America are at risk of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and prevalence throughout these regions are among the highest, globally. Maternal VDD has been associated with increased risk of a number of adverse maternal and neonatal health outcomes, yet research from developing countries is limited. We assessed the associations of maternal VDD during pregnancy with adverse health outcomes by synthesizing the literature from observational studies conducted in developing countries...
May 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780032/severe-outcomes-associated-with-respiratory-viruses-in-newborns-and-infants-a-prospective-viral-surveillance-study-in-jordan
#4
Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Lindsey Lawrence, Bhinnata Piya, Li Wang, Christopher Fonnesbeck, Samir Faouri, Asem Shehabi, Sten H Vermund, John V Williams, Natasha B Halasa
OBJECTIVE: To assess virus-specific hospitalisation rates, risk factors for illness severity and seasonal trends in children hospitalised with acute respiratory infections (ARI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A government hospital serving low-income and middle-income population in Amman, Jordan. PARTICIPANTS: Children under 2 years of age hospitalised with fever and/or respiratory symptoms (n=3168) from 16 March 2010 to 31 March 2013...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778968/environmental-risk-factors-associated-with-low-birth-weight-the-case-study-of-the-haifa-bay-area-in-israel
#5
Alina Svechkina, Jonathan Dubnov, Boris A Portnov
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight (LBW) is known to be associated with infant mortality and postnatal health complications. Previous studies revealed strong relationships between LBW rate and several socio-demographic factors, including ethnicity, maternal age, and family income. However, studies of association between LBW rate and environmental risk factors remain infrequent. STUDY METHODS: We retrieved a geo-referenced data set, containing 7216 individual records of children born in 2015 in the Haifa Bay Area in Israel...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773810/cardiovascular-disease-risk-varies-by-birth-month-in-canines
#6
Mary Regina Boland, Marc S Kraus, Eddie Dziuk, Anna R Gelzer
The canine heart is a robust physiological model for the human heart. Recently, birth month associations have been reported and replicated in humans using clinical health records. While animals respond readily to their environment in the wild, a systematic investigation of birth season dependencies among pets and specifically canines remains lacking. We obtained data from the Orthopedic Foundation of Animals on 129,778 canines representing 253 distinct breeds. Among canines that were not predisposed to cardiovascular disease, a clear birth season relationship is observed with peak risk occurring in June-August...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770094/travel-related-zika-virus-cases-in-canada-october-2015-june-2017
#7
J Tataryn, L Vrbova, M Drebot, H Wood, E Payne, S Connors, J Geduld, M German, K Khan, P A Buck
Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne disease that can cause severe birth defects if contracted congenitally. Since late 2015, there has been a large increase in the number of travel-related cases of Zika virus infection in Canada. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of travel-related Zika cases in Canada from October 2015 to June 2017 and review them in the context of the international outbreak in the Americas...
January 4, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769792/social-and-ecological-drivers-of-reproductive-seasonality-in-geladas
#8
Elizabeth Tinsley Johnson, Noah Snyder-Mackler, Amy Lu, Thore J Bergman, Jacinta C Beehner
Many nonseasonally breeding mammals demonstrate some degree of synchrony in births, which is generally associated with ecological factors that mediate fecundity. However, disruptive social events, such as alpha male replacements, also have the potential to affect the timing of female reproduction. Here, we examined reproductive seasonality in a wild population of geladas ( Theropithecus gelada ) living at high altitudes in an afro-alpine ecosystem in Ethiopia. Using 9 years of demographic data (2006-2014), we determined that, while females gave birth year-round, a seasonal peak in births coincided with peak green grass availability (their staple food source)...
May 2018: Behavioral Ecology: Official Journal of the International Society for Behavioral Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764902/secular-trend-seasonality-and-effects-of-a-community-based-intervention-on-neonatal-mortality-follow-up-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-quang-ninh-province-vietnam
#9
Leif Eriksson, Nguyen T Nga, Dinh T Phuong Hoa, Duong M Duc, Anna Bergström, Lars Wallin, Mats Målqvist, Uwe Ewald, Tran Q Huy, Nguyen T Thuy, Tran Thanh Do, Pham T L Lien, Lars-Åke Persson, Katarina Ekholm Selling
BACKGROUND: Little is know about whether the effects of community engagement interventions for child survival in low-income and middle-income settings are sustained. Seasonal variation and secular trend may blur the data. Neonatal mortality was reduced in a cluster-randomised trial in Vietnam where laywomen facilitated groups composed of local stakeholders employing a problem-solving approach for 3 years. In this analysis, we aim at disentangling the secular trend, the seasonal variation and the effect of the intervention on neonatal mortality during and after the trial...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762711/use-of-random-regression-to-estimate-genetic-parameters-of-temperament-across-an-age-continuum-in-a-crossbred-cattle-population
#10
B P Littlejohn, D G Riley, T H Welsh, R D Randel, S T Willard, R C Vann
The objective was to estimate genetic parameters of temperament in beef cattle across an age continuum. The population consisted predominantly of Brahman-British crossbred cattle. Temperament was quantified by: 1) pen score (PS), the reaction of a calf to a single experienced evaluator on a scale of 1 to 5 (1 = calm, 5 = excitable); 2) exit velocity (EV), the rate (m/sec) at which a calf traveled 1.83 m upon exiting a squeeze chute; and 3) temperament score (TS), the numerical average of PS and EV. Covariates included days of age and proportion of Bos indicus in the calf and dam...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758897/the-association-between-ambient-pm2-5-exposure-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-china-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Tongjun Guo, Yuanyuan Wang, Hongguang Zhang, Ya Zhang, Jun Zhao, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yan Wang, Xiaoxu Xie, Long Wang, Zongyu Xu, Yiping Zhang, Donghai Yan, Yuan He, Ying Yang, Jihong Xu, Zuoqi Peng, Xu Ma
BACKGROUND: The relationship between PM2.5 exposure and preterm birth remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of exposure to PM2.5 on preterm birth in China. METHODS: The birth outcomes of 426,246 pregnant women enrolled between January 2014 and December 2014 in NFPCP (National Free Pre-pregnancy Checkups Project) were collected, and their individual PM2.5 exposure values were estimated from the China National Environmental Monitoring Centre...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753303/season-of-death-and-nigral-neuronal-density-in-a-high-latitude-region
#12
Lauri Heiskanen, Katri Kivinen, Maria Gardberg, Pia Wahlsten, Valtteri Kaasinen
There is evidence that the neurotransmitter dopamine may be modulated by or be a modulator of circadian rhythms [1] and that brain dopamine function may vary in relation to season of birth [2-5]. A recent study of postmortem neuronal counts from individuals who had died during the summer or winter suggested that there may be significant seasonal differences between the densities of midbrain tyrosine hydroxylase immunopositive (TH+) and immunonegative (TH-) neurons [6]. The difference in the density of TH+ neurons was remarkably large, as individuals who had died during the summer had 6-fold higher densities than individuals who had died during the winter...
May 12, 2018: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750895/predictors-and-incidence-of-hospitalization-due-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-associated-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-lrti-in-non-prophylaxed-moderate-to-late-preterm-infants-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#13
Hajrija Maksić, Suada Heljić, Fahrija Skokić, Darinka Šumanović-Glamuzina, Veroslava Milošević, Almir Zlatanović, Notario Gerard
Prematurity is a risk factor for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs), due to immature humoral and cell-mediated immune system in preterm newborns, as well as their incomplete lung development. Palivizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against the F glycoprotein of RSV, is licensed for the prevention of severe RSV LRTI in children at high risk for the disease. This study is a part of a larger observational, retrospective-prospective epidemiological study (PONI) conducted at 72 sites across 23 countries in the northern temperate zone...
April 27, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746578/seasonal-peaks-and-risk-factors-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infections-related-hospitalization-of-preterm-infants-in-taiwan
#14
Hsin Chi, Ching-Hu Chung, Yuh-Jyh Lin, Chyi-Her Lin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the nationwide seasonal peaks, risk factors, and utilization of medical resources of respiratory syncytial virus-associated hospitalization (RSVH) in preterm infants in Taiwan. STUDY DESIGN: A Taiwan nationwide birth cohort was extracted from the Birth Certificate Application Database during 2007-2009 and prospectively linked to the National Health Insurance database. We evaluated the seasonal peaks and risk factors (gestational age [GA], chronologic age [CA], and bronchopulmonary dysplasia [BPD]) associated with the RSVH of preterm infants...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740970/japanese-encephalitis-circulation-pattern-in-swine-of-northern-vietnam-and-consequences-for-swine-s-vaccination-recommendations
#15
A-S Ruget, C Beck, A Gabassi, K Trevennec, S Lecollinet, V Chevalier, J Cappelle
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the largest worldwide cause of infectious encephalitis in humans and is caused by a mosquito-borne flavivirus. JE transmission cycle involves Culex mosquitoes, pigs and aquatic birds as principal vertebrate amplifying hosts. JE infection is responsible for reproductive disorder in pigs when occurring after sexual maturity. In tropical areas, JE is endemic and the majority of pigs get infected before the age of 6 months. However, in subtropical areas, pigs may be infected after sexual maturity and thus experience clinical signs, inducing economic loss...
May 8, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739104/prevalence-of-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency-in-sichuan-china
#16
Jing Zhang, Yali Cui, Xia Wang, Yingying Li, Dongmei Jiang, Wei Dai, Yongmei Jiang
BACKGROUND: Our goals were to screen newborns and characterize the occurrence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in southwestern China. Meanwhile, we would like to analyze the factors that might affect the results of neonatal dried blood spots for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase screening test, to improve the clinical quality control level, effectively reduce the external factors in the process of detection. METHODS: This study involved an evaluation of G6PD data for 20,644 newborns from a universal newborn screening program...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730962/geographical-origin-delayed-implantation-and-induced-ovulation-explain-reproductive-seasonality-in-the-carnivora
#17
Sandra A Heldstab, Dennis W H Müller, Sereina M Graber, Laurie Bingaman Lackey, Eberhard Rensch, Jean-Michel Hatt, Philipp Zerbe, Marcus Clauss
Patterns of reproductive seasonality in the Carnivora are difficult to study comparatively, due to limited numbers of species for which information is available. Long-term databases of captive populations could overcome this difficulty. We apply a categorical description and a quantitative high-resolution measure (birth peak breadth, the number of days in which 80% of all births occur) based on daily observations in captivity to characterize the degree of reproductive seasonality in the Carnivora for 114 species with on average 1357 births per species...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728782/respiratory-syncytial-virus-prophylaxis-in-cystic-fibrosis-the-canadian-registry-of-palivizumab-data-2005-2016
#18
Ian Mitchell, S K Wong, B Paes, M Ruff, C Bjornson, A Li, K L Lanctôt
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) may cause severe illness in cystic fibrosis (CF) children, but recommendations vary on prophylaxis. CARESS is a prospective registry of children who received palivizumab in 32 Canadian sites from 2005 to 2016. Demographic data were collected at enrollment and respiratory illness-related events recorded monthly. We reviewed respiratory illness hospitalization (RIH) and RSV hospitalization (RSVH) in CF children aged < 24 months versus those prophylaxed for standard indications (SI; prematurity, chronic lung disease [CLD] and congenital heart disease [CHD]), and complex medical disorders (CM)...
May 4, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722084/the-effects-of-maternal-risk-factors-during-pregnancy-on-the-onset-of-sleep-difficulties-in-infants-at-3-months-old
#19
Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Anneli Kylliäinen, Pirjo Pölkki, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Tiina Paunio, E Juulia Paavonen
Sleep problems in young children are among the most common concerns reported to paediatricians. Sleep is thought to have important regulatory functions, and sleep difficulties in early childhood are linked to several psychosocial and physiological problems. Moreover, several prenatal factors have been found to influence infants' sleep. Among them, most of the studies have been focused on maternal prenatal depression and/or anxiety as potential risk factors for sleep problems in childhood, whereas other relevant psychological factors during pregnancy have not received as much attention...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720546/incidence-of-ms-has-increased-markedly-over-six-decades-in-denmark-particularly-with-late-onset-and-in-women
#20
Nils Koch-Henriksen, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Egon Stenager, Bjarne Laursen, Melinda Magyari
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern of development of incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) over 60 years in Denmark with age-period-cohort analyses and seasonality of birth. METHODS: Data on virtually all patients with onset of MS have since 1950 been prospectively recorded and kept in the Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry with multiple sources of notification. Annualized incidence rates per 100,000 were directly standardized to the European Standard Population...
May 2, 2018: Neurology
keyword
keyword
70282
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"