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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651107/how-seasonality-and-weather-affect-perinatal-health-comparing-the-experiences-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-mothers-in-kanungu-district-uganda
#1
Sarah MacVicar, Lea Berrang-Ford, Sherilee Harper, Vivienne Steele, Shuaib Lwasa, Didacus Namanya Bambaiha, Sabastien Twesigomwe, Grace Asaasira, Nancy Ross
Maternal and newborn health disparities and the health impacts of climate change present grand challenges for global health equity, and there remain knowledge gaps in our understanding of how these challenges intersect. This study examines the pathways through which mothers are affected by seasonal and meteorological factors in sub-Saharan Africa in general, and Kanungu District (Uganda), in particular. We conducted a community-based study consisting of focus group discussions with mothers and interviews with health care workers in Kanungu District...
June 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650842/ambient-temperature-and-stillbirth-a-multi-center-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Sandie Ha, Danping Liu, Yeyi Zhu, Sung Soo Kim, Seth Sherman, Katherine L Grantz, Pauline Mendola
BACKGROUND: Climate change is expected to have adverse health effects, but the association between extreme ambient temperatures and stillbirth is unclear. OBJECTIVES: We investigated acute and chronic associations between extreme ambient temperatures and stillbirth risk, and estimated the attributable risk associated with local temperature extremes in the United States. METHODS: We linked 223,375 singleton births of gestation (2002-2008) from 12 U...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628844/serum-micrornas-in-buffalo-cows-potential-biomarkers-of-pregnancy
#3
Gabriella Guelfi, Valentina Stefanetti, Silvio De Luca, Andrea Giontella, Vittoria Lucia Barile, Olimpia Barbato
MiRNAs (microRNA) constitute a large family of single-stranded, non-coding small RNAs. Although the functions and target genes of most miRNAs are still unknown, it has been well established that they are involved in embryogenesis, organogenesis and neonatal birth. In recent decades, interest in buffalo breeding has largely increased worldwide thus focusing the attention on this species as a dairy purpose animal. Problems related to long calving interval, late puberty and seasonal anestrus hamper reproductive efficiency in this species...
June 4, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601865/neonatal-vitamin-d-levels-in-relation-to-risk-of-overweight-at-7-years-in-the-danish-d-tect-case-cohort-study
#4
Camilla B Jensen, Marika Lundqvist, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Berit L Heitmann
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D level in pregnancy may be associated with risk of overweight in the offspring later in life. METHODS: In a case-cohort study based on Danish biobanks and registers we examined the association between 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)D) level at birth and overweight at 7 years. Cases of overweight (n = 871) were randomly selected among 7-year-old children from the Copenhagen School Health Records Register (CSHRR) with a BMI above the 90th percentile...
June 10, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601450/season-of-creation-is-associated-with-future-survival-fertility-and-milk-yield-of-holstein-cows
#5
P J Pinedo, A De Vries
Environmental influences during different stages of pregnancy can induce lifelong changes in the structure, physiology, and metabolism of the offspring. Our hypothesis was that season of creation (when the female conceived), associated with heat stress conditions at conception and during the initial stages of embryonic development, affects the lifetime performance and survival of the female after birth. The objective was to analyze the association between month of creation and subsequent survival, fertility, and milk yield in cows maintained on dairy farms in Florida, where the climate during the summer is hot and humid but winters are mild...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599141/chinese-yellow-dust-and-korean-infant-health
#6
Duha T Altindag, Deokrye Baek, Naci Mocan
Naturally-occurring Yellow Dust outbreaks, which are produced by winds flowing to Korea from China and Mongolia, create air pollution. Although there is a seasonal pattern of this phenomenon, there exists substantial variation in its timing, strength, and location from year to year. To warn residents about air pollution in general, and about these dust storms in particular, Korean authorities issue different types of public alerts. Using birth certificate data on more than 1.5 million babies born between 2003 and 2011, we investigate the impact of air pollution, and the avoidance behavior triggered by pollution alerts on various birth outcomes...
May 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591162/whether-weather-matters-evidence-of-association-between-in-utero-meteorological-exposures-and-foetal-growth-among-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-mothers-in-rural-uganda
#7
Sarah MacVicar, Lea Berrang-Ford, Sherilee Harper, Yi Huang, Didacus Namanya Bambaiha, Seungmi Yang
Pregnancy and birth outcomes have been found to be sensitive to meteorological variation, yet few studies explore this relationship in sub-Saharan Africa where infant mortality rates are the highest in the world. We address this research gap by examining the association between meteorological factors and birth weight in a rural population in southwestern Uganda. Our study included hospital birth records (n = 3197) from 2012 to 2015, for which we extracted meteorological exposure data for the three trimesters preceding each birth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587367/seasonal-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-hypospadias-aetiological-implications
#8
C Mamoulakis, G Avgenakis, C Gkatzoudi, G Duyker, I E Zisis, I Heretis, S Antypas, N Sofikitis, D A Spandidos, A M Tsatsakis, A Tzonou
The aim of the present study was to examine the seasonality of hypospadias in Greece in an attempt to elucidate the aetiology. All boys born between 1991-1998, who underwent hypospadias repair at 'Aghia Sophia' Children's Hospital, Athens (n=542) were analysed. All Greek live-born males during the same period (population at risk; m=421,175) served as the controls. Seasonality by month of birth was evaluated with specific statistical tools. Meteorological parameters were also analysed. All tests yielded significant results, suggesting a simple harmonic prevalence pattern (highest/lowest: autumn, peak in October/spring, trough in April)...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583616/effects-of-season-on-placental-foetal-and-neonatal-development-in-horses
#9
Elisabeth Beythien, Christine Aurich, Manuela Wulf, Jörg Aurich
Seasonal changes in metabolic rate have been shown in horses and we hypothesized that this leads to the birth of smaller foals early in the year. Mares and their foals were assigned to three groups by day of foaling within the year (e.g. 1 January = day 1): Group 1 (n = 10) day 40-65, group 2 (n = 8) day 67-92, group 3 (n = 9) day 94-121. Groups did not differ with regard to parity. In foals, height at withers and body weight were determined on days 1-5 and weekly until 12 weeks of age. Chest circumference, distances fetlock to carpus, carpus to elbow, poll to nose and crown-rump length were determined on day 5 and weekly until 12 weeks of age...
July 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575785/effect-of-season-of-birth-on-cord-blood-ige-and-ige-at-birth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Nugroho Harry Susanto, Don Vicendese, Agus Salim, Adrian J Lowe, Shyamali C Dharmage, Rachel Tham, Caroline Lodge, Frances Garden, Katie Allen, Cecilie Svanes, Joachim Heinrich, Michael J Abramson, Bircan Erbas
BACKGROUND: Elevated cord blood IgE is important on the pathway to allergic disease. The association between season of birth and infant cord blood IgE is not well-established. Study findings differ on which birth season is associated with higher cord blood IgE risk and its magnitude. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on season of birth and cord blood IgE. METHODS: We searched Medline, Web of Science, Scopus and ProQuest Health databases, and reviewed reference lists of articles that met the inclusion criteria...
August 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573253/in-vivo-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatoprotective-and-in-vitro-cytotoxic-activities-of-garcinia-hombroniana-seashore-mangosteen
#11
Nargis Jamila, Naeem Khan, Amir Atlas Khan, Imran Khan, Sadiq Noor Khan, Zainal Amiruddin Zakaria, Melati Khairuddean, Hasnah Osman, Kyong Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Garcinia hombroniana, known as "manggis hutan" (jungle mangosteen) in Malaysia, is distributed in tropical Asia, Borneo, Thailand, Andaman, Nicobar Islands, Vietnam and India. In Malaysia, its ripened crimson sour fruit rind is used as a seasoning agent in curries and culinary dishes. Its roots and leaves decoction is used against skin infections and after child birth. This study aimed to evaluate in vivo hepatoprotective and in vitro cytotoxic activities of 20% methanolic ethyl acetate (MEA) G...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545656/cord-plasma-insulin-and-in-utero-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution
#12
Narjes Madhloum, Bram G Janssen, Dries S Martens, Nelly D Saenen, Esmée Bijnens, Wilfried Gyselaers, Joris Penders, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Wouter Lefebvre, Michelle Plusquin, Tim S Nawrot
INTRODUCTION: Cardio-metabolic risk factors including insulin levels are at young age barely perceived as harmful, but over time these risk factors may track and lead to higher risk of metabolic syndrome. Studies showed that exposure to air pollution is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance in childhood. We determined whether the origin of type 2 diabetes can be found in the early childhood by examining the levels of insulin in the neonatal cord blood and whether this can be considered as a disease marker for later life...
August 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544789/determinants-of-recent-aflatoxin-exposure-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-zimbabwe
#13
Laura E Smith, Mduduzi N N Mbuya, Andrew J Prendergast, Paul C Turner, Sandra Ruboko, Jean H Humphrey, Rebecca J Nelson, Ancikaria Chigumira, George Kembo, Rebecca J Stoltzfus
SCOPE: Aflatoxins are toxic secondary metabolites of Aspergillus species that contaminate staple foods such as maize and groundnuts. Aflatoxin exposure during pregnancy has been associated with adverse birth outcomes in limited-scale surveys in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was to describe the determinants of aflatoxin exposure, using urinary aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) biomarkers and data generated by the Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial for rural Zimbabwean women in early pregnancy...
May 22, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543629/epidemiology-and-predisposing-factors-for-erythema-toxicum-neonatorum-and-transient-neonatal-pustular-a-multicenter-study
#14
Flávia Pereira Reginatto, Fernanda Mello Muller, Juliano Peruzzo, Tania Ferreira Cestari
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Erythema toxicum neonatorum (ETN) and transient neonatal pustular melanosis (TNPM) are benign pustular skin conditions that are relatively common in newborns, but the predisposing factors for these conditions are unknown. Our goal was to verify the prevalence of ETN and TNPM and their predisposing factors in a large sample of neonates. METHODS: In this prospective 1-year multicenter study, 2,831 neonates (age ≤72 hours) born in southern Brazil were randomized to undergo skin examination by a dermatologist...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540492/comparison-of-the-temperature-mortality-relationship-in-foreign-born-and-native-born-died-in-france-between-2000-and-2009
#15
Luc Mercereau, Nicolas Todd, Gregoire Rey, Alain-Jacques Valleron
The daily temperature-mortality relationship is typically U shaped. The temperature of minimum mortality (MMT) has been shown to vary in space (higher at lower latitudes) and time (higher in recent periods). This indicates human populations adapt to their local environment. The pace of this adaptation is unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the differences in the temperature-mortality relationship in continental France between foreign born and natives. Source data were the 5,273,005 death certificates of individuals living in continental France between 2000 and 2009 at the time of their death...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535836/season-of-birth-is-associated-with-first-lactation-milk-yield-in-holstein-friesian-cattle
#16
M Van Eetvelde, M M Kamal, L Vandaele, G Opsomer
The aim of the present research was to assess factors associated with first-lactation milk yield in dairy heifers, including maternal and environmental factors, factors related to the development of the heifer and factors related to its offspring such as gender of the calf. In addition, the potential underlying mechanism, in particular metabolic adaptations, was further explored. Data on body growth, reproduction and milk yield of 74 Holstein Friesian heifers on three herds in Flanders (Belgium) were collected...
May 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532521/animal-board-invited-review-sheep-birth-distribution-in-past-herds-a-review-for-prehistoric-europe-6th-to-3rd-millennia-bc
#17
M Balasse, A Tresset, A Bălăşescu, E Blaise, C Tornero, H Gandois, D Fiorillo, É Á Nyerges, D Frémondeau, E Banffy, M Ivanova
In temperate latitudes sheep have a seasonal reproductive behaviour, which imposes strong constraints on husbandry in terms of work organization and availability of animal products. During the last 50 years, researchers have focused on understanding the mechanisms driving small ruminants' reproduction cycles and finding ways to control them. This characteristic is inherited from their wild ancestor. However, the history of its evolution over the 10 millennia that separates present day European sheep from their Near Eastern ancestors' remains to be written...
May 23, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522102/retrospective-multicenter-matched-case-control-study-on-the-risk-factors-for-narcolepsy-with-special-focus-on-vaccinations-including-pandemic-influenza-vaccination-and-infections-in-germany
#18
Doris Oberle, Jutta Pavel, Geert Mayer, Peter Geisler, Brigitte Keller-Stanislawski
OBJECTIVE: Studies associate pandemic influenza vaccination with narcolepsy. In Germany, a retrospective, multicenter, matched case-control study was performed to identify risk factors for narcolepsy, particularly regarding vaccinations (seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccination) and infections (seasonal and pandemic influenza) and to quantify the detected risks. METHODS: Patients with excessive daytime sleepiness who had been referred to a sleep center between April 2009 and December 2012 for multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) were eligible...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495223/feasibility-of-text-message-influenza-vaccine-safety-monitoring-during-pregnancy
#19
Melissa S Stockwell, Maria Cano, Kathleen Jakob, Karen R Broder, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Paula M Castaño, Paige Lewis, Angela Barrett, Oidda I Museru, Ormarys Castellanos, Philip S LaRussa
INTRODUCTION: The feasibility and accuracy of text messaging to monitor events after influenza vaccination throughout pregnancy and the neonatal period has not been studied, but may be important for seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccines and future maternal vaccines. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted during 2013-2014 and analyzed in 2015-2016. Enrolled pregnant women receiving inactivated influenza vaccination at a gestational age <20 weeks were sent text messages intermittently through participant-reported pregnancy end to request fever, health events, and neonatal outcomes...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481979/risk-of-non-targeted-infectious-disease-hospitalizations-among-u-s-children-following-inactivated-and-live-vaccines-2005-2014
#20
Barbara H Bardenheier, Michael M McNeil, A Patricia Wodi, Janet McNicholl, Frank DeStefano
Background: Recent studies have shown that some vaccines have beneficial effects that could not be explained solely by the prevention of their respective targeted disease(s). Methods: We used the MarketScan® United States (US) Commercial Claims Databases from 2005-2014 to assess the risk of hospital admission for non-targeted infectious diseases in children from 16 through 24 months according to the last vaccine type (live and/or inactivated). We included children continuously enrolled within a month of birth through 15 months who received at least three doses of Diphtheria-Tetanus-acellular Pertussis vaccine by end of 15 months of age...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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