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Deepak Tiwari, Chitrakshi Goel, Haripada Bhunia, Pramod K Bajpai
In this work, we report carbon adsorbents obtained from high nitrogen content melamine-formaldehyde resin as starting material and mesoporous zeolite MCM-41 as template through nanocasting technique. To synthesize different carbon structure adsorbents with improved textural and surface properties, the material undergo carbonization followed by physical activation under CO2 atmosphere at different temperatures. Characterizations of the adsorbents using SEM, TEM, XPS, nitrogen sorption, CHN, TKN, and TPD have been carried out...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Lei An, Wei Sun
In September 2008, in China, tens of thousands of children were hospitalized, several even died, as a result of infant-formula milk adulterated with a synthetic chemical compound, melamine, and in the next few months, this crisis became the focus of attention worldwide. Although there are a number of articles about nephrotoxicity of melamine, the evidence of melamine toxicity on other organs is still scanty. Specially, several recent studies indicated that melamine can perturb the central nervous system (CNS) function and induce cognitive deficits, breaking the previous view that melamine toxicity is limited to the urinary system...
April 13, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
Hao Hu, Jinyi Zhang, Yu Ding, Xinfeng Zhang, Kailai Xu, Xiandeng Hou, Peng Wu
Singlet oxygen ((1)O2), generated via photosensitization, has been proved to oxidize chromogenic substrates with neither H2O2 oxidation nor enzyme (horseradish peroxidase, HRP) catalysis. Of the various methods for modulation of the (1)O2 generation, DNA-controlled photosensitization received great attention. Therefore, integration of the formation/deformation DNA structures with DNA-controlled photosensitization will be extremely appealing in visual biosensor developments. Here, the stable melamine-thymine complex was explored in combination with DNA-controlled photosensitization for visual detection of melamine...
April 12, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Allen J Yiu, Cliff-Lawrence Ibeh, Sanjit K Roy, Bidhan C Bandyopadhyay
Melamine causes renal tubular cell injury through inflammation, fibrosis and apoptosis. While melamine effects the rise in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i), reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and pro-apoptotic pathway activation, the mechanism of upstream Ca(2+) signaling is unknown. Since melamine has some structural similarities with L-amino acids, which endogenously activates Ca(2+)-sensing receptors (CSR), we examined the effect of melamine on CSR-induced Ca(2+) signaling and apoptotic cell death...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Tianyu Zhou, Jie Ding, Ling Ni, Jia Yu, Huiyu Li, Hong Ding, Yanhua Chen, Lan Ding
In this work, magnetic superhydrophilic molecularly imprinted resins (MMIRs) were prepared for the determination of triazines in aqueous samples combined HPLC-MS/MS. The amino functionalized magnetic nanoparticles were introduced into superhydrophilic molecularly imprinted resins based on one-pot condensation of resorcinol, melamine and formaldehyde. The obtained MMIRs exhibited magnetic responsiveness, superhydrophilic and selective feature. The MMIRs were directly used as adsorbents for selective enrichment and separation of six triazines in juice and lake samples under an applied magnetic field...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Pengyao Xing, Peizhou Li, Hongzhong Chen, Aiyou Hao, Yanli Zhao
Rational engineering of one-dimensional (1D) self-assembled aggregates to produce desired materials for versatile functions remains a challenge. In this work, we report the noncovalent modulation of 1D aggregates at micro/nanoscale using a co-assembly protocol. Aromatic amino acids were employed as the model building blocks, and melamine (Mm) behaves as a modulator to form co-assembly arrays with aromatic amino acids selectively. The selective self-assembly behavior between aromatic amino acids and Mm allows distinguishing and detecting Mm and aromatic amino acids from their analogues in macroscopic and microscopic scales...
April 3, 2017: ACS Nano
Yun Zheng, Zihao Yu, Feng Lin, Fangsong Guo, Khalid A Alamry, Layla A Taib, Abdullah M Asiri, Xinchen Wang
As a promising conjugated polymer, binary carbon nitride has attracted extensive attention as a metal-free and visible-light-responsive photocatalyst in the area of photon-involving purification of water and air. Herein, we report sulfur-doped polymeric carbon nitride microrods that are synthesized through thermal polymerization based on trithiocyanuric acid and melamine (TM) supramolecular aggregates. By tuning the polymerization temperature, a series of sulfur-doped carbon nitride microrods are prepared. The degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) and the reduction of hexavalent chromium Cr(VI) are selected as probe reactions to evaluate the photocatalytic activities...
April 1, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Francisco J Lara, Danny Chan, Michael Dickinson, Antony S Lloyd, Stuart J Adams
Direct analysis in real time (DART) was evaluated for the determination of a number of highly polar pesticides using the Quick Polar Pesticides Extraction (QuPPe) method. DART was hyphenated to high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) in order to get the required selectivity that allows the determination of these compounds in complex samples such as lettuce and celery. Experimental parameters such as desorption temperature, scanning speed, and distances between the DART ion source and MS inlet were optimized...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Joon Hyuk Suh, Juhee Jung, Byeonghee Kim, Hyun-Deok Cho, Junghyun Kim, Taeyong Eom, Mihee Park, Yu Wang, Sang Beom Han
Direct analysis of melamine using reverse phase chromatography is a challenge because this compound's small size and strong polar nature leads to abnormal peak symmetry as well as poor retention. Here, we introduce a simple and reliable reverse phase liquid chromatographic method using sodium hexafluorophosphate to modify an acidic aqueous eluent, resulting in improved chromatographic behaviors of melamine in complex food matrices. Variables affecting the retention mechanism, including chaotrope type, concentration and stationary phase, were investigated...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Lei Wang, Season S Chen, Daniel C W Tsang, Chi Sun Poon, Yong Sik Ok
Considering the resource waste and environmental burden for timber and plastic materials ending up at landfills, this study proposed upcycling wood and plastic waste into value-added wood-plastic composites (WPCs), complying with the standard requirements of flexural strength, thickness swelling, water absorption and thermal insulation. Biological deterioration is a major concern of WPCs. Bacterial survival, fungal attack and algal growth of bactericide-treated WPCs were holistically analysed. Melamine resin was adopted for impregnating anti-microbial agents on the surface...
March 28, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Elumalai Satheeshkumar, Palaniyandi Karuppaiya, Kundan Sivashanmugan, Wei-Ting Chao, Hsin-Sheng Tsay, Masahiro Yoshimura
A novel, low-cost and biocompatible three-dimensional (3D) substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is fabricated using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) loaded on cellulose paper for detection of amino acids and melamine. Dysosma pleiantha rhizome (Dp-Rhi) capped AuNPs (Dp-Rhi_AuNPs) were prepared by in situ using aqueous extract of Dp-Rhi and in situ functionalized Dp-Rhi on AuNPs surface was verified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and zeta potentials analysis shows a negative (-18.4mV) surface charges, which confirm that presence of Dp-Rhi on AuNPs...
March 21, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Soo Jin Kim, Mi Jang, Hee Yeon Yang, Jinhan Cho, Ho Sun Lim, Hoichang Yang, Jung Ah Lim
We report the instantaneous pulsed-light cross-linking of polymer gate dielectrics on a flexible substrate by using intensely pulsed white light (IPWL) irradiation. Irradiation with IPWL for only 1.8 s of a poly(4-vinylphenol) (PVP) thin film with the cross-linking agent poly(melamine-co-formaldehyde) (PMF) deposited on a plastic substrate was found to yield fully cross-linked PVP films. It was confirmed that the IPWL-cross-linked PVP films have smooth pinhole-free surfaces and exhibit a low leakage current density, organic solvent resistance, and good compatibility with organic semiconductor, and that they can be used as replacements for typical PVP dielectrics that are cross-linked with time and energy intensive thermal heating processes...
March 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Dana Schwarz, Jens Weber
Mesoporous poly(melamine-formaldehyde) (MF) particles with surface areas of up to 200m(2)g(-1) were synthesized by an inverse emulsion polymerization using dodecane and Span80® as continuous phase. The finer details of the shape control (using emulsion techniques) and the porosity control (using silica nanoparticles as hard-template) are discussed. The impact of phase-separation processes on the observable porosity of the 20-200µm sized spherical particles is analysed by gas sorption methods and electron microscopy...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Bo Xing, Honglin Chen, Xiaoming Zhang
Glyphosate (PMG) wastewater with 40-600 mg/L organic phosphorus (OP) and 1-4% CH2O was treated by catalytic wet oxidation (CWO) and the lime-catalyzed formose reaction to remove total phosphorus (TP) and improve biodegradability. Activated carbons (ACs) modified by H2O2 oxidation and thermal treatment with melamine were used as CWO catalysts and characterized by N2 adsorption/desorption and XPS. The CWO experiments were performed in an autoclave reactor at 110-130 °C and 1.0 MPa. The modified AC showed higher catalytic activity than the parent AC due to the introduction of nitrogen-containing functional groups, exhibited over 90% OP removal for various real PMG wastewaters, and had good stability for 20 consecutive CWO runs...
March 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Bo Xing, Honglin Chen, Xiaoming Zhang
Glyphosate (PMG) wastewater, which is an organic phosphorus (OP) wastewater containing 200-3000 mg/L glyphosate, was treated via catalytic wet oxidation (CWO) to degrade glyphosate to orthophosphate (PO4(3-)). The catalysts were activated carbons (ACs) modified by H2O2 oxidation and thermal treatment with ammonia or melamine. The catalysts were characterized using N2 adsorption/desorption, Boehm titration, and XPS. The CWO experiments were performed in a co-current upflow fixed bed reactor at 110-130 °C and under 1...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Technology
Ying Zhou, Yao Wang, Tengfei Liu, Gang Xu, Guangming Chen, Huayi Li, Lichun Liu, Qiqi Zhuo, Jiaoxia Zhang, Chao Yan
The world faces severe environmental, human and ecological problems when major oil spills and organic discharges are released into the environment. And so it is imperative to develop tools and high performance innovative materials that can efficiently absorb these organic discharges. Furthermore, green, facile methods to produce these advanced materials are also needed. In this paper, we demonstrate a novel porous supersponge based on melamine coated with hBN. This superhydrophobic sponge (with a contact angle >150°) exhibits excellent absorption performance for oils and organic solvents, including good selectivity, high capacity (up to 175 g·g(-1)) and extraordinary recyclability (less than 20% decline after 30 cycles of absorption/squeezing)...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hildburg Fry, Kerstin Mietle, Eileen Mähnert, Sebastian Zinke, Mandy Schwieters, Emanuele Pydde, Angelika Preiß-Weigert
Melamine and cyanuric acid have been mixed illegally into food and feed to increase the nitrogen content which results in deceptively high protein contents. As a consequence a maximum level for melamine of 2.5 mg kg(-1) feed was established by the European Union under directive 2002/32/EC. A method is required to quantify melamine and cyanuric acid for control of the maximum level. Therefore Technical Committee (TC) 327 of the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) commissioned the standardisation of a method for the analysis of melamine and cyanuric acid in animal feed...
March 23, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Changchun Wang, Qiang Tao, Shushan Dong, Xin Wang, Pinwen Zhu
In this work, high-quality bulk WC-structured WN (δ-WN) was synthesized via an untraditional method and the structure was accurately determined by X-ray diffraction and Rietveld refinement. In the process of synthesizing δ-WN, W2N3 and melamine were used as tungsten source and nitrogen source, respectively. The result of successfully synthesized high-quality δ-WN indicates that our method is an effective route for synthesizing high-quality bulk δ-WN and melamine is a pure nitrogen source for introducing the nitrogen to the metal precursor...
March 22, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Kaustav Mohanty, John Blackwell, Thomas Egan, Marie Muller
The purpose of the study described here was to showcase the application of ultrasound to quantitative characterization of the micro-architecture of the lung parenchyma to predict the extent of pulmonary edema. The lung parenchyma is a highly complex and diffusive medium for which ultrasound techniques have remained qualitative. The approach presented here is based on ultrasound multiple scattering and exploits the complexity of ultrasound propagation in the lung structure. The experimental setup consisted of a linear transducer array with an 8-MHz central frequency placed in contact with the lung surface...
May 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
K Anand, Thishana Singh, G Madhumitha, A Phulukdaree, Robert M Gengan, A A Chuturgoon
The bio-synthesized DTAuNPs have an average size of 21nm. The aggregation extent depends on the concentration of melamine, which was validated by UV-vis spectra and visual method of melamine detection was developed. The major observation in this method was the color change of DTAuNPs from red to purple due to the aggregation of ligand capped gold nanoparticles instigated by melamine. The reaction of color changes were processed due to the shifting of bonding in hydrogen in between nanoparticles and melamine...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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