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Shreedhar Gautam, Bhagwan S Batule, Hyo Yong Kim, Ki Soo Park, Hyun Gyu Park
Rapid and accurate on-site wireless measurement of hazardous molecules or biomarkers is one of the biggest challenges in nanobiotechnology. We herein describe a novel smartphone-based Portable and Wireless Optical System (PAWS) for rapid, quantitative, and on-site analysis of target analytes. As a proof-of-concept, we employed gold nanoparticles (GNP) and an enzyme, horse radish peroxidase (HRP), to generate colorimetric signals in response to two model target molecules, melamine and hydrogen peroxide, respectively...
December 1, 2016: Biotechnology Journal
T Rairat, S C Ou, S K Chang, K P Li, T W Vickroy, C C Chou
The study was designed to characterize the plasma pharmacokinetics and tissue depletion profiles (including eggs) of cyromazine (CYR) in chickens following oral administration alone or in combination with melamine (MEL). In order to assess the pharmacokinetic profile of CYR, chickens were administered 1 or 10 mg/kg (single oral doses), whereas residue studies were conducted in chickens fed CYR alone (5 or 10 mg/kg) or CYR (5 mg/kg) and MEL (5 mg/kg) for a period of 14 days. Estimates for the apparent volume of distribution (1...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Li Jun Fang, Xue Lu Wang, Jun Jie Zhao, Yu Hang Li, Yu Lei Wang, Xu Lei Du, Zhi Fei He, Hui Dan Zeng, Hua Gui Yang
Porous oxygen-doped graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) with feeble nitrogen vacancies was fabricated through thermal polycondensation of melamine with an appropriate amount of polyvinylpyrrolidone. After optimization, the bandgap of g-C3N4 can be narrowed by 0.2 eV and the specific surface area expanded, which contribute to increasing the utilization of solar energy. Consequently, the optimized g-C3N4 exhibits impressive enhancement in photocatalytic hydrogen evolution performance, by nearly 5 times compared with the pristine one under the irradiation of visible light...
November 29, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Jiarui Sun, Yinan Cao, Xinchen Zhang, Qiling Zhao, Endong Bao, Yingjun Lv
Several studies have found that melamine causes damage to the testes, epididymis and sperm. However, few studies have investigated the effect of melamine on the synthesis of testosterone, which plays an import role in testicular development and spermatogenesis. In present study, mice were orally administrated with 2, 10 or 50mg/kg of melamine for 28days. In these groups, various abnormalities were observed including disruption of the seminiferous tubule structure, an increased necrotic germ cells and sperm abnormalities, and a reduced sperm count...
October 13, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
Jianwei Qin, Moon S Kim, Kuanglin Chao, Sagar Dhakal, Hoonsoo Lee, Byoung-Kwan Cho, Changyeun Mo
Milk is a vulnerable target for economically motivated adulteration. In this study, a line-scan high-throughput Raman imaging system was used to authenticate milk powder. A 5 W 785 nm line laser (240 mm long and 1 mm wide) was used as a Raman excitation source. The system was used to acquire hyperspectral Raman images in a wavenumber range of 103-2881 cm(-1) from the skim milk powder mixed with two nitrogen-rich adulterants (i.e., melamine and urea) at eight concentrations (w/w) from 50 to 10,000 ppm. The powdered samples were put in sample holders with a surface area of 150 mm×100 mm and a depth of 2 mm for push-broom image acquisition...
November 23, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Marta Sierra, Emma Borges, Pedro Esparza, Jorge Méndez-Ramos, Jesús Martín-Gil, Pablo Martín-Ramos
Different g-C3N4 composite systems (coke carbon/g-C3N4, Bi/Bi2WO6/g-C3N4 and Bi/Bi2MoO6/g-C3N4) have been assessed as photocatalysts for wastewater pollutants removal. The coke carbon/g-C3N4 hybrid, produced by thermal treatment at 550 °C of a composite made from melamine cyanurate and coke, only showed activity under UV-light irradiation. On the other hand, inorganic Bi spheres/Bi mixed oxides/g-C3N4 nanohybrids (Bi/Bi2WO6/g-C3N4 and Bi/Bi2MoO6/g-C3N4 composites), produced by thermal reduction of Bi2WO6 or Bi2MoO6 by g-C3N4, exhibited a remarkable red-shift, up to 620 nm, and allowed the visible-light driven degradation of the contaminant, albeit in combination with some adsorption...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Qi Cao, Kaiping Yuan, Jun Yu, Jean-Jacques Delaunay, Renchao Che
Structurally well-defined assemblies of silver nanoparticles, including the dendritic nano-flowers (NFs), planar nano-spheres (NSs) and nano-dendrites (NDs) were obtained by a surfactant-free and ultrafast (≈15min) self-assembly process on as-purchased carbon-coated copper TEM grids. The silver nano-assemblies, especially the NFs modified TEM grids, when serving as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrates for detecting melamine molecules, demonstrated a long-lived limit of detection (LOD) of as low as 10(-11)M, suggesting the potential of these silver-assemblies modified carbon-coated copper grids as novel potable and cost-effective SERS substrates for trace detection toward various food contaminants like melamine...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Xiaofeng Guan, Yaoliang Deng
The devastating contamination of milk formula with Melamine, which caused havoc in China, happened almost eight years ago. Although most patients with melamine-associated urinary stone were given conservative medical treatment, the impact was not completely eliminated. Extensive studies are needed to assess chronic effects in the affected population. In this review, we describe the pathogenesis, pathology, clinical manifestations, management and epidemiology; and the need for longer term follow-up of melamine-associated urinary stones...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Xuefeng Bing, Yanju Wei, Mei Wang, Sheng Xu, Donghui Long, Jitong Wang, Wenming Qiao, Licheng Ling
Nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous carbons (NHPCs) with controllable nitrogen content were prepared via a template-free method by direct carbonization of melamine-resorcinol-terephthaldehyde networks. The synthetic approach is facile and gentle, resulting in a hierarchical pore structure with modest micropores and well-developed meso-/macropores, and allowing the easy adjusting of the nitrogen content in the carbon framework. The micropore structure was generated within the highly cross-linked networks of polymer chains, while the mesopore and macropore structure were formed from the interconnected 3D gel network...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Atsushi Miwa, Hidehiro Kori, Yoshihiro Tsukiyama, Rika Kuwatsuru, Yasuyuki Matsushita, Kiyoshi Koyano
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the fit accuracy of e.max crowns by investigating marginal and internal gaps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In experiment 1, 60 e.max computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) crowns were manufactured. The crowns were fabricated using optical scanning of artificial teeth (Op group) or scanning of a plaster model following a silicone impression (M group). Cement space settings of 90, 120, and 150 μm were applied...
November 2016: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Veruscka Mannoni, Giorgio Padula, Oronzo Panico, Antonino Maggio, Claudio Arena, Maria-Rosaria Milana
The migration of formaldehyde and melamine monomers has been measured on 90 samples of plastic tableware in three different situations - new articles, already used articles and artificially aged articles - by using simulant, contact times and temperatures prescribed by Commission Regulation (EU) No. 10/2011. Formaldehyde was determined by ultraviolet spectroscopy analysis of the coloured complex obtained by reaction with chromotropic acid. Melamine was measured by an ultra high performance liquid chromatography method...
November 17, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Can-Hui Deng, Ji-Lai Gong, Peng Zhang, Guang-Ming Zeng, Biao Song, Hong-Yu Liu
This paper reports the fabrication of melamine sponge decorated with silver nanoparticles-modified graphene (G/AgNPs-MS) for water disinfection. The G/AgNPs-MS composites with the high porosity and elasticity were used in an antibacterial process in which the composite was first immersed in bacterial suspension, and subsequently squeezed via hand compression. G/AgNPs-MS exhibited more excellent bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria compared with melamine sponge (MS), melamine sponge decorated with graphene (G-MS), and melamine sponge decorated with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs-MS)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Lijun You, Ruimin Li, Xu Dong, Fang Wang, Jia Guo, Changchun Wang
A new type of optical probes, featuring surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and fluorescence spectra dual-mode encoding, has been reported in this article. Based on the uniform micrometer-sized melamine resin/Ag nanoparticles (MRM/Ag-NPs) composite microspheres, the SERS reporters and fluorescent probes were successfully fixed onto the different layers of the MEM/Ag-NPs microspheres, which supported the sensitive DNA detecton. The two spectroscopic methods commonly considered to be contradictive to each other, yet the optical signals were separable in the experiments...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Hui Chen, Chao Tan, Zan Lin, Tong Wu
Melamine is a noxious nitrogen-rich substance and has been illegally adulterated in milk to boost the protein content. The present work investigated the feasibility of using near-infrared (NIR) spectrum and one-class partial least squares (OCPLS) for detecting the adulteration of melamine. A total of 102 liquor milks were prepared for experiment. A special variable importance (VI) index was defined to select 40 most significant variables. Thirty-two pure milk samples constitute the training set for constructing a one-class model and the other samples were used for the test set...
October 28, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Suraj Adebayo Opatokun, Azhagapillai Prabhu, Ahmed Al Shoaibi, C Srinivasakannan, Vladimir Strezov
Food wastes are produced worldwide in large quantities that could have potential to produce higher value products, including industrial adsorbents. The present work attempts valorization of food waste by CO2 activation and functionalization through nitric acid and melamine treatment. The prepared porous materials were subjected to gas phase adsorption of CO2 and benzene gases. The resultant highly porous carbon materials with surface area range from 797 to 1025 m(2)/g were synthesized showing uptake capacities of 4...
October 27, 2016: Chemosphere
Rezvan Zendehdel, Zohreh Fazli, Mohammad Mazinani
Over the years, neurotoxicity and cognitive dysfunction have separately been associated with endogenous formaldehyde and reduction of acetylcholine signals. However, a limited number of studies have shown a relationship between cholinergic neurotransmitter and formaldehyde exposure. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the neurological effect on workers from melamine-dish preparation workshop, who were exposed to formaldehyde. A total of 35 formaldehyde-exposed workers were compared with 32 control employees from the food industry...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
C J Sacristan, T Dupont, O Sicot, P Leclaire, K Verdière, R Panneton, X L Gong
The acoustic properties of an air-saturated macroscopically inhomogeneous aluminum foam in the equivalent fluid approximation are studied. A reference sample built by forcing a highly compressible melamine foam with conical shape inside a constant diameter rigid tube is studied first. In this process, a radial compression varying with depth is applied. With the help of an assumption on the compressed pore geometry, properties of the reference sample can be modelled everywhere in the thickness and it is possible to use the classical transfer matrix method as theoretical reference...
October 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Fangzuo Li, Zhiguo Liu, Tianxi Sun
Energy-dispersive small-angle X-ray scattering (ED-SAXS) with an innovative design of cone collimation based on an ellipsoidal single-bounce capillary (ESBC) and a polycapillary parallel X-ray lens (PPXRL) had been explored. Using this new cone collimation system, scattering angle 2θ has a theoretical minimum angle related to the mean half-opening angle of the hollow cone beam of 1.42 mrad, and with the usable X-ray energy ranging from 4 to 30 keV, the resulting observable scattering vector q is down to a minimum value of about 0...
September 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Hongxue An, Xiaoming Li, Qi Yang, Dongbo Wang, Ting Xie, Jianwei Zhao, Qiuxiang Xu, Fei Chen, Yu Zhong, Yujie Yuan, Guangming Zeng
Melamine (MA) is a significant raw material for industry and home furnishing, and an intermediate for pharmacy. However it is also a hazardous material when being added to food as a protein substitute due to the high nitrogen content. In this study, the behavior of MA in activated sludge was investigated. Experiments showed that MA was removed during biological wastewater treatment process, and the removal was mainly achieved by activated sludge adsorption instead of biodegradation. Low levels of MA (0.001-0...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Jiankun Cao, Hongyuan Yan, Shigang Shen, Ligai Bai, Haiyan Liu, Fengxia Qiao
New hydrophilic molecularly imprinted melamine-urea-formaldehyde monolithic resin (MIMR) is synthesized using dopamine hydrochloride as a dummy template via in-situ polymerization directly within pipette tips and it presents special molecular recognition to plant growth regulators in aqueous matrices. Hydrophilic groups (such as hydroxyl groups, imino groups, and amino groups) can be introduced into MIMR by melamine- urea-formaldehyde resin, which make MIMR materials compatible with aqueous media and show their specific molecular recognition in aqueous sample solutions...
November 2, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
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