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Bcl11b

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749698/downregulated-mir-17-mir-29c-mir-92a-and-mir-214-may-be-related-to-bcl11b-overexpression-in-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#1
Zifan He, Ziwei Liao, Shaohua Chen, Bo Li, Zhi Yu, Gengxin Luo, Lijian Yang, Chengwu Zeng, Yangqiu Li
AIM: BCL11B overexpression is a characteristic of most T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cases, and downregulated BCL11B in leukemic T cells inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis. The purpose of this study was to analyze the miRNA expression pattern that may be related to BCL11B regulation in T-ALL. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect the miRNAs miR-17-3p, miR-17-5p, miR-29c-3p, miR-92a-3p, miR-214-3p and miR-214-5p, the BCL11B expression level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells which was obtained from 17 de novo and untreated T-ALL patients, and 15 healthy individuals (HIs) served as control...
May 11, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700302/bcl11b-is-essential-for-licensing-th2-differentiation-during-helminth-infection-and-allergic-asthma
#2
Kyle J Lorentsen, Jonathan J Cho, Xiaoping Luo, Ashley N Zuniga, Joseph F Urban, Liang Zhou, Raad Gharaibeh, Christian Jobin, Michael P Kladde, Dorina Avram
During helminth infection and allergic asthma, naive CD4+ T-cells differentiate into cytokine-producing Type-2 helper (Th2) cells that resolve the infection or induce asthma-associated pathology. Mechanisms regulating the Th2 differentiation in vivo remain poorly understood. Here we report that mice lacking Bcl11b in mature T-cells have a diminished capacity to mount Th2 responses during helminth infection and allergic asthma, showing reduced Th2 cytokines and Gata3, and elevated Runx3. We provide evidence that Bcl11b is required to maintain chromatin accessibility at Th2-cytokine promoters and locus-control regions, and binds the Il4 HS IV silencer, reducing its accessibility...
April 26, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688344/dynamic-and-cell-specific-dach1-expression-in-human-neocortical-and-striatal-development
#3
Valentina Castiglioni, Andrea Faedo, Marco Onorati, Vittoria Dickinson Bocchi, Zhen Li, Raffaele Iennaco, Romina Vuono, Gaetano P Bulfamante, Luca Muzio, Gianvito Martino, Nenad Sestan, Roger A Barker, Elena Cattaneo
DACH1 is the human homolog of the Drosophila dachshund gene, which is involved in the development of the eye, nervous system, and limbs in the fly. Here, we systematically investigate DACH1 expression patterns during human neurodevelopment, from 5 to 21 postconceptional weeks. By immunodetection analysis, we found that DACH1 is highly expressed in the proliferating neuroprogenitors of the developing cortical ventricular and subventricular regions, while it is absent in the more differentiated cortical plate...
April 24, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674952/stability-and-function-of-hippocampal-mossy-fiber-synapses-depend-on-bcl11b-ctip2
#4
Elodie De Bruyckere, Ruth Simon, Sigrun Nestel, Bernd Heimrich, Dennis Kätzel, Alexei V Egorov, Pentao Liu, Nancy A Jenkins, Neal G Copeland, Herbert Schwegler, Andreas Draguhn, Stefan Britsch
Structural and functional plasticity of synapses are critical neuronal mechanisms underlying learning and memory. While activity-dependent regulation of synaptic strength has been extensively studied, much less is known about the transcriptional control of synapse maintenance and plasticity. Hippocampal mossy fiber (MF) synapses connect dentate granule cells to CA3 pyramidal neurons and are important for spatial memory formation and consolidation. The transcription factor Bcl11b/Ctip2 is expressed in dentate granule cells and required for postnatal hippocampal development...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514917/bcl11b-a-novel-gata3-interacting-protein-suppresses-th1-while-limiting-th2-cell-differentiation
#5
Difeng Fang, Kairong Cui, Gangqing Hu, Rama Krishna Gurram, Chao Zhong, Andrew J Oler, Ryoji Yagi, Ming Zhao, Suveena Sharma, Pentao Liu, Bing Sun, Keji Zhao, Jinfang Zhu
GATA-binding protein 3 (GATA3) acts as the master transcription factor for type 2 T helper (Th2) cell differentiation and function. However, it is still elusive how GATA3 function is precisely regulated in Th2 cells. Here, we show that the transcription factor B cell lymphoma 11b (Bcl11b), a previously unknown component of GATA3 transcriptional complex, is involved in GATA3-mediated gene regulation. Bcl11b binds to GATA3 through protein-protein interaction, and they colocalize at many important cis-regulatory elements in Th2 cells...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503088/bcl11b-drives-human-mammary-stem-cell-self-renewal-in-vitro-by-inhibiting-basal-differentiation
#6
Daniel H Miller, Dexter X Jin, Ethan S Sokol, Janel R Cabrera, Daphne A Superville, Rebecca A Gorelov, Charlotte Kuperwasser, Piyush B Gupta
The epithelial compartment of the mammary gland contains basal and luminal cell lineages, as well as stem and progenitor cells that reside upstream in the differentiation hierarchy. Stem and progenitor cell differentiation is regulated to maintain adult tissue and mediate expansion during pregnancy and lactation. The genetic factors that regulate the transition of cells between differentiation states remain incompletely understood. Here, we present a genome-scale method to discover genes driving cell-state specification...
March 13, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466755/transformation-of-accessible-chromatin-and-3d-nucleome-underlies-lineage-commitment-of-early-t-cells
#7
Gangqing Hu, Kairong Cui, Difeng Fang, Satoshi Hirose, Xun Wang, Darawalee Wangsa, Wenfei Jin, Thomas Ried, Pentao Liu, Jinfang Zhu, Ellen V Rothenberg, Keji Zhao
How chromatin reorganization coordinates differentiation and lineage commitment from hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) to mature immune cells has not been well understood. Here, we carried out an integrative analysis of chromatin accessibility, topologically associating domains, AB compartments, and gene expression from HSPCs to CD4+ CD8+ T cells. We found that abrupt genome-wide changes at all three levels of chromatin organization occur during the transition from double-negative stage 2 (DN2) to DN3, accompanying the T lineage commitment...
February 20, 2018: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441563/acute-myeloid-t-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-amtl-a-distinct-category-of-acute-leukaemias-with-common-pathogenesis-in-need-of-improved-therapy
#8
Alejandro Gutierrez, Alex Kentsis
Advances in the classification of acute leukaemias have led to improved outcomes for a substantial fraction of patients. However, chemotherapy resistance remains a major problem for specific subsets of acute leukaemias. Here, we propose that a molecularly distinct subtype of acute leukaemia with shared myeloid and T cell lymphoblastic features, which we term acute myeloid/T-lymphoblastic leukaemia (AMTL), is divided across 3 diagnostic categories owing to variable expression of markers deemed to be defining of myeloid and T-lymphoid lineages, such as myeloperoxidase and CD3...
March 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423022/comprehensive-analysis-of-gene-expression-and-dna-methylation-datasets-identify-valuable-biomarkers-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-progression
#9
Gang Fang, Qing Huai Zhang, Qianqian Tang, Zuling Jiang, Shasha Xing, Jianying Li, Yuzhou Pang
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) represents a common systemic autoimmune disease which lays chronic and persistent pain on patients. The purpose of our study is to identify novel RA-related genes and biological processes/pathways. All the datasets of this study, including gene expression and DNA methylation datasets of RA and OA samples, were obtained from the free available database, i.e. Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). We firstly identified the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between RA and OA samples through the limma package of R programming software followed by the functional enrichment analysis in the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) for the exploring of potential involved biological processes/pathways of DEGs...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416716/robust-diagnosis-of-ewing-sarcoma-by-immunohistochemical-detection-of-super-enhancer-driven-ewsr1-ets-targets
#10
Michaela C Baldauf, Martin F Orth, Marlene Dallmayer, Aruna Marchetto, Julia S Gerke, Rebeca Alba Rubio, Merve M Kiran, Julian Musa, Maximilian M L Knott, Shunya Ohmura, Jing Li, Nusret Akpolat, Ayse N Akatli, Özlem Özen, Uta Dirksen, Wolfgang Hartmann, Enrique de Alava, Daniel Baumhoer, Giuseppina Sannino, Thomas Kirchner, Thomas G P Grünewald
Ewing sarcoma is an undifferentiated small-round-cell sarcoma. Although molecular detection of pathognomonic EWSR1-ETS fusions such as EWSR1-FLI1 enables definitive diagnosis, substantial confusion can arise if molecular diagnostics are unavailable. Diagnosis based on the conventional immunohistochemical marker CD99 is unreliable due to its abundant expression in morphological mimics. To identify novel diagnostic immunohistochemical markers for Ewing sarcoma, we performed comparative expression analyses in 768 tumors representing 21 entities including Ewing-like sarcomas, which confirmed that CIC-DUX4- , BCOR-CCNB3- , EWSR1-NFATc2- , and EWSR1-ETS -translocated sarcomas are distinct entities, and revealed that ATP1A1 , BCL11B , and GLG1 constitute specific markers for Ewing sarcoma...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416501/function-of-b-cell-cll-lymphoma-11b-in-glial-progenitor-proliferation-and-oligodendrocyte-maturation
#11
Chih-Yen Wang, Yuan-Ting Sun, Kuan-Min Fang, Chia-Hsin Ho, Chung-Shi Yang, Shun-Fen Tzeng
B-cell CLL/lymphoma 11B (Bcl11b) - a C2H2 zinc finger transcriptional factor - is known to regulate neuronal differentiation and function in the development of the central nervous system (CNS). Although its expression is reduced during oligodendrocyte (OLG) differentiation, its biological role in OLGs remains unknown. In this study, we found that the downregulation of Bcl11b gene expression in glial progenitor cells (GPCs) by lentivirus-mediated gene knockdown (KD) causes a reduction in cell proliferation with inhibited expression of stemness-related genes, while increasing the expression of cell cyclin regulator p21...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360511/responders-and-non-responders-to-influenza-vaccination-a-dna-methylation-approach-on-blood-cells
#12
Noémie Gensous, Claudio Franceschi, Bonnie B Blomberg, Chiara Pirazzini, Francesco Ravaioli, Davide Gentilini, Anna Maria Di Blasio, Paolo Garagnani, Daniela Frasca, Maria Giulia Bacalini
Several evidences indicate that aging negatively affects the effectiveness of influenza vaccination. Although it is well established that immunosenescence has an important role in vaccination response, the molecular pathways underlying this process are largely unknown. Given the importance of epigenetic remodeling in aging, here we analyzed the relationship between responsiveness to influenza vaccination and DNA methylation profiles in healthy subjects of different ages. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected from 44 subjects (age range: 19-90 years old) immediately before influenza vaccination...
May 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203643/the-n-terminal-cchc-zinc-finger-motif-mediates-homodimerization-of-transcription-factor-bcl11b
#13
Piotr Grabarczyk, Passorn Winkler, Martin Delin, Praveen K Sappa, Sander Bekeschus, Petra Hildebrandt, Grzegorz K Przybylski, Uwe Völker, Elke Hammer, Christian A Schmidt
The BCL11B gene encodes a Krüppel-like, sequence-specific zinc finger (ZF) transcription factor that acts as either a repressor or an activator, depending on its posttranslational modifications. The importance of BCL11B in numerous biological processes in multiple organs has been well established in mouse knockout models. The phenotype of the first de novo monoallelic germ line missense mutation in the BCL11B gene (encoding N441K) strongly implies that the mutant protein acts in a dominant-negative manner by neutralizing the unaffected protein through the formation of a nonfunctional dimer...
March 1, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091759/cd5-nk1-1-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-that-develop-in-a-bcl11b-independent-manner-participate-in-early-protection-against-infection
#14
Shinya Hatano, Tesshin Murakami, Naoto Noguchi, Hisakata Yamada, Yasunobu Yoshikai
We recently found that a unique subset of innate-like γδ T cells develops from the DN2a stage of the fetal thymus independently of the zinc-finger transcription factor B cell leukemia/lymphoma 11b (Bcl11b). Herein, we characterize these Bcl11b-independent γδ T cells in the periphery as CD5(-)NK1.1(+) and Granzyme B(+), and we show that they are capable of producing interferon (IFN)-γ upon T cell receptor stimulation without Ca(2+) influx. In wild-type mice, these cells were sparse in lymphoid tissues but abundant in non-lymphoid tissues, such as the liver...
October 31, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039465/essential-role-of-microrna-650-in-the-regulation-of-b-cell-cll-lymphoma-11b-gene-expression-following-transplantation-a-novel-mechanism-behind-the-acute-rejection-of-renal-allografts
#15
Peng Jin, Hongxi Chen, Jinliang Xie, Cheng Zhou, Xiangrong Zhu
Kidney transplantation is an effective final therapeutic procedure for patients with end-stage kidney failure. Although advanced immunosuppressive therapy is administered following transplantation, certain patients still suffer from acute allograft rejection. MicroRNAs (miRs) have a potential diagnostic and therapeutic value for acute renal allograft rejection; however, their underlying mechanism of action is largely unknown. In the present study, an increased level of miR-650 was identified to be associated with the downregulation of B-cell CLL/lymphoma 11B (BCL11B) expression in acute renal allograft rejection...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981154/variation-in-swi-snf-chromatin-remodeling-complex-proteins-is-associated-with-alcohol-dependence-and-antisocial-behavior-in-human-populations
#16
Laura D Mathies, Fazil Aliev, Andrew G Davies, Danielle M Dick, Jill C Bettinger
BACKGROUND: Testing for direct gene or single nucleotide polymorphism replication of association across studies may not capture the true importance of a candidate locus; rather, we suggest that relevant replication across studies may be found at the level of a biological process. We previously observed that variation in 2 members of the switching defective/sucrose nonfermenting (SWI/SNF) chromatin remodeling complex is associated with alcohol dependence (AD) in the Irish Affected Sib Pair Study for Alcohol Dependence...
December 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958836/in-vivo-blockade-of-t-cell-development-reveals-alternative-pathways-for-generation-of-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-in-mice
#17
Surenchimeg Mondoon, Kensuke Shibata, Yasunobu Yoshikai
Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) are resident cells localized within the intestinal epithelia and play an important role in regulating gut inflammations and host defense against pathogens. CD8α+ TCRαβ+ IELs are heterogeneous populations that are generated from T cell precursors including CD4- CD8α- double-negative (DN) cells and CD4+ CD8α+ double-positive (DP) cells. However, developmental pathways of TCRαβ+ IELs remained unclear. To gain insight into the mechanisms, we generated mice (Bcl11bΔDN2 mice) that lack thymic precursors (DN CD5+ TCRβ+ cells) for CD4- CD8αα+ TCRαβ+ IELs...
November 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951542/priming-of-lineage-specifying-genes-by-bcl11b-is-required-for-lineage-choice-in-post-selection-thymocytes
#18
Satoshi Kojo, Hirokazu Tanaka, Takaho A Endo, Sawako Muroi, Ye Liu, Wooseok Seo, Mari Tenno, Kiyokazu Kakugawa, Yoshinori Naoe, Krutula Nair, Kazuyo Moro, Yoshinori Katsuragi, Akinori Kanai, Toshiya Inaba, Takeshi Egawa, Byrappa Venkatesh, Aki Minoda, Ryo Kominami, Ichiro Taniuchi
T-lineage committed precursor thymocytes are screened by a fate-determination process mediated via T cell receptor (TCR) signals for differentiation into distinct lineages. However, it remains unclear whether any antecedent event is required to couple TCR signals with the transcriptional program governing lineage decisions. Here we show that Bcl11b, known as a T-lineage commitment factor, is essential for proper expression of ThPOK and Runx3, central regulators for the CD4-helper/CD8-cytotoxic lineage choice...
September 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943543/expression-of-master-regulators-of-t-cell-helper-t-cell-and-follicular-helper-t-cell-differentiation-in-angioimmunoblastic-t-cell-lymphoma
#19
Yosuke Matsumoto, Hisao Nagoshi, Mihoko Yoshida, Seiichi Kato, Junya Kuroda, Kazuho Shimura, Hiroto Kaneko, Shigeo Horiike, Shigeo Nakamura, Masafumi Taniwaki
Objective It has been postulated that the normal counterpart of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is the follicular helper T-cell (TFH). Recent immunological studies have identified several transcription factors responsible for T-cell differentiation. The master regulators associated with T-cell, helper T-cell (Th), and TFH differentiation are reportedly BCL11B, Th-POK, and BCL6, respectively. We explored the postulated normal counterpart of AITL with respect to the expression of the master regulators of T-cell differentiation...
November 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938112/non-coding-transcription-instructs-chromatin-folding-and-compartmentalization-to-dictate-enhancer-promoter-communication-and-t-cell-fate
#20
Takeshi Isoda, Amanda J Moore, Zhaoren He, Vivek Chandra, Masatoshi Aida, Matthew Denholtz, Jan Piet van Hamburg, Kathleen M Fisch, Aaron N Chang, Shawn P Fahl, David L Wiest, Cornelis Murre
It is now established that Bcl11b specifies T cell fate. Here, we show that in developing T cells, the Bcl11b enhancer repositioned from the lamina to the nuclear interior. Our search for factors that relocalized the Bcl11b enhancer identified a non-coding RNA named ThymoD (thymocyte differentiation factor). ThymoD-deficient mice displayed a block at the onset of T cell development and developed lymphoid malignancies. We found that ThymoD transcription promoted demethylation at CTCF bound sites and activated cohesin-dependent looping to reposition the Bcl11b enhancer from the lamina to the nuclear interior and to juxtapose the Bcl11b enhancer and promoter into a single-loop domain...
September 21, 2017: Cell
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