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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987858/-effectiveness-of-an-educational-program-for-respiratory-rehabilitation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-in-primary-care-in-improving-the-quality-of-life-symptoms-and-clinical-risk
#1
Cristina Blánquez Moreno, Cristina Colungo Francia, M Carme Alvira Balada, Belchin Kostov, Luis González-de Paz, Antoni Sisó-Almirall
AIM: To determine the impact of an educational program to improve the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that contributes to an increase of the quality of life, exercise capacity, level of dyspnoea, and clinical risk. DESIGN: Intervention study without controls. LOCATION: Primary Healthcare Centre. PARTICIPANTS: 193 patients with COPD were invited, 73 accepted and 55 participated in the educational program...
October 4, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985951/a-generalized-smith-predictor-for-unstable-time-delay-siso-systems
#2
R Sanz, P García, P Albertos
In this work, a generalization of the Smith Predictor (SP) is proposed to control linear time-invariant (LTI) time-delay single-input single-output (SISO) systems. Similarly to the SP, the combination of any stabilizing output-feedback controller for the delay-free system with the proposed predictor leads to a stabilizing controller for the delayed system. Furthermore, the tracking performance and the steady-state disturbance rejection capabilities of the equivalent delay-free loop are preserved. In order to place this contribution in context, some modifications of the SP are revisited and recast under the same structure...
October 4, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964070/transmission-loss-characteristics-of-an-annular-cavity-with-arbitrary-port-locations-using-green-s-function-method
#3
Harshad Keskar, B Venkatesham
The prediction of transmission loss characteristics of a short chamber requires the study of both longitudinal as well as transverse modes. This prompts the development of a three-dimensional (3D) transfer matrix, which can address the wave propagation in all three directions. Accordingly, an analytical methodology for transmission loss characteristics of an annular cavity using Green's function method is presented in this paper. The 3D wave equation is used to derive the mode shape functions for the cavity...
September 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891540/the-effect-of-calcium-phosphate-containing-desensitizing-agent-on-the-microtensile-bond-strength-of-multimode-adhesive-agent
#4
S H Siso, N Dönmez, D S Kahya, Y S Uslu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of calcium phosphate containing desensitizing pretreatments on the microtensile bond strength (MTBS) and microleakage of the multimode adhesive agent to dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, twelve noncarious, freshly extracted human third molar teeth for MTBS and 20 premolar teeth for the microleakage test were used. The teeth were restored using Clearfil Universal Bond + Clearfil APX and Teeth mate Desensitizer (TMD)...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776098/transcriptome-analysis-of-the-thermotolerant-yeast-kluyveromyces-marxianus-cct-7735-under-ethanol-stress
#5
Raphael Hermano Santos Diniz, Juan C Villada, Mariana Caroline Tocantins Alvim, Pedro Marcus Pereira Vidigal, Nívea Moreira Vieira, Mónica Lamas-Maceiras, María Esperanza Cerdán, María-Isabel González-Siso, Petri-Jaan Lahtvee, Wendel Batista da Silveira
The thermotolerant yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus displays a potential to be used for ethanol production from both whey and lignocellulosic biomass at elevated temperatures, which is highly alluring to reduce the cost of the bioprocess. Nevertheless, contrary to Saccharomyces cerevisiae, K. marxianus cannot tolerate high ethanol concentrations. We report the transcriptional profile alterations in K. marxianus under ethanol stress in order to gain insights about mechanisms involved with ethanol response. Time-dependent changes have been characterized under the exposure of 6% ethanol and compared with the unstressed cells prior to the ethanol addition...
August 3, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734751/how-many-people-work-in-your-operating-room-an-assessment-of-factors-associated-with-instrument-recounts-within-plastic-surgery
#6
Derek D Reformat, Joshua A David, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Natalie M Plana, Annie Wang, Nicholas D Brownstone, Daniel J Ceradini
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative instrument recounts are performed to avoid retained foreign surgical items. These additional counts, however, beget risks of their own, including prolonged operative times, exposure to radiation, and increased cost. Our study aimed to identify factors that increase the likelihood of instrument recounts during plastic surgery procedures, and use our findings to guide potential solutions for preventing unnecessary recounts across all surgical fields. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective review of all plastic surgical cases in the main operating setting at New York University Langone Medical Center (NYULMC) between March 2014 and February 2015...
September 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704471/linear-systems-with-unstructured-multiplicative-uncertainty-modeling-and-robust-stability-analysis
#7
Radek Matušů, Bilal Şenol, Celaleddin Yeroğlu
This article deals with continuous-time Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Single-Input Single-Output (SISO) systems affected by unstructured multiplicative uncertainty. More specifically, its aim is to present an approach to the construction of uncertain models based on the appropriate selection of a nominal system and a weight function and to apply the fundamentals of robust stability investigation for considered sort of systems. The initial theoretical parts are followed by three extensive illustrative examples in which the first order time-delay, second order and third order plants with parametric uncertainty are modeled as systems with unstructured multiplicative uncertainty and subsequently, the robust stability of selected feedback loops containing constructed models and chosen controllers is analyzed and obtained results are discussed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665862/a-legacy-of-leadership-john-m-converse-joseph-mccarthy-and-nyu-plastic-surgery
#8
J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Eduardo D Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654604/discussion-first-lower-two-thirds-osteomyocutaneous-facial-allograft-perfused-by-a-unilateral-facial-artery-outcomes-and-vascularization-at-1-year-after-transplantation
#9
COMMENT
Natalie M Plana, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Eduardo D Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636847/variations-in-databases-used-to-assess-academic-output-and-citation-impact
#10
LETTER
Natalie M Plana, Jonathan P Massie, Jonathan M Bekisz, Stuart Spore, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Roberto L Flores
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 376, Issue 25, Page 2489-2491, June 2017.
June 22, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626490/soft-tissue-sarcomas-in-the-head-and-neck-25-years-of-experience
#11
Juan Francisco Liuzzi, Maribel Da Cunha, Daniuska Salas, Saul Siso, Esteban Garriga
Sarcomas are infrequent and heterogeneous tumours. They represent 1-2% of all malignant neoplasms in adults and between 4% and 10% of head and neck cancers. METHODS: The research was retrospective, descriptive, and cross-sectional. RESULTS: A study population of 62 patients with a mean age of 44 years was obtained; the most frequent location was the soft tissues of the neck (25.3%) and the mean tumour size was 7.1 cm; the most frequent diagnosis was undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (25...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541538/coordinated-modifications-in-mesophyll-conductance-photosynthetic-potentials-and-leaf-nitrogen-contribute-to-explain-the-large-variation-in-foliage-net-assimilation-rates-across-quercus-ilex-provenances
#12
José Javier Peguero-Pina, Sergio Sisó, Jaume Flexas, Jeroni Galmés, Ülo Niinemets, Domingo Sancho-Knapik, Eustaquio Gil-Pelegrín
Leaf dry mass per unit area (LMA) has been suggested to negatively affect the mesophyll conductance to CO2 (gm), the most limiting factor for photosynthesis per unit leaf area (AN) in many evergreens. Several anatomical traits (i.e., greater leaf thickness and thicker cell walls) constraining gm could explain the negative scaling of gm and AN with LMA across species. However, the Mediterranean sclerophyll Quercus ilex L. shows a major within-species variation in functional traits (greater LMA associated with higher nitrogen content and AN) that might contrast the worldwide trends...
August 1, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468372/high-precision-system-modeling-of-liquid-crystal-adaptive-optics-systems
#13
Xingyun Zhang, Zhaoliang Cao, Huanyu Xu, Yukun Wang, Dayu Li, Shaoxin Wang, Chengliang Yang, Quanquan Mu, Li Xuan
In this paper, we present a heuristic method to simplify the liquid crystal adaptive optics system (LCAOS) into a single-input-single-output (SISO) system, then build the dynamic model of LCAOS based on subspace identification. Results show that the identified model could accurately describe the dynamical behavior of LCAOS (97% match), with extremely low complexity. The wonderful features of low complexity and high precision, make the identified model highly beneficial for model based controller design, system analysis and dynamical behavior simulation of liquid crystal adaptive optics systems...
May 1, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454643/the-application-of-fractional-order-control-for-an-air-based-contactless-actuation-system
#14
Martijn E Krijnen, Ron A J van Ostayen, Hassan HosseinNia
Industry pushes towards ever faster and more accurate production of thin substrates. Contactless positioning offers advantages, especially in terms of risk of breakage and contamination. A system is considered designed for contactless positioning by floating a silicon wafer on a thin film of air. This paper focuses on the design of a control system, including actuators, sensors and control method, suitable for this purpose. Two cascaded control loops, with decoupled SISO controllers, are implemented for this moving mass controlled on a mass-spring system, which can be modelled as a fourth order system...
April 25, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453577/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-screening-program-using-hand-held-ultrasound-in-primary-healthcare
#15
Antoni Sisó-Almirall, Belchin Kostov, Marta Navarro González, Daniel Cararach Salami, Alfonso Pérez Jiménez, Rosa Gilabert Solé, Concepció Bru Saumell, Lluís Donoso Bach, Mireia Villalta Martí, Luis González-de Paz, Rafael Ruiz Riera, Vicenç Riambau Alonso, Nihan Acar-Denizli, Marta Farré Almacellas, Manuel Ramos-Casals, Jaume Benavent Àreu
We determined the feasibility of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening program led by family physicians in public primary healthcare setting using hand-held ultrasound device. The potential study population was 11,214 men aged ≥ 60 years attended by three urban, public primary healthcare centers. Participants were recruited by randomly-selected telephone calls. Ultrasound examinations were performed by four trained family physicians with a hand-held ultrasound device (Vscan®). AAA observed were verified by confirmatory imaging using standard ultrasound or computed tomography...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421101/hyperspectral-technologies-for-assessing-seed-germination-and-trifloxysulfuron-methyl-response-in-amaranthus-palmeri-palmer-amaranth
#16
Maor Matzrafi, Ittai Herrmann, Christian Nansen, Tom Kliper, Yotam Zait, Timea Ignat, Dana Siso, Baruch Rubin, Arnon Karnieli, Hanan Eizenberg
Weed infestations in agricultural systems constitute a serious challenge to agricultural sustainability and food security worldwide. Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson (Palmer amaranth) is one of the most noxious weeds causing significant yield reductions in various crops. The ability to estimate seed viability and herbicide susceptibility is a key factor in the development of a long-term management strategy, particularly since the misuse of herbicides is driving the evolution of herbicide response in various weed species...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416363/-adequacy-of-treatment-for-osteoporosis-in-primary-prevention-quantitative-and-qualitative-study
#17
Cristina Vedia Urgell, Mireia Massot Mesquida, Roser Valles Fernandez, Juan Antonio Garcia Vicente, Alicia Franzi Siso, Laura Muñoz Ortiz, Laia Vilaró Jaques, Maite Bosch Peligero
OBJECTIVE: Quantitative study: To assess the prevalence of inadequacy of treatment for osteoporosis in primary prevention (OPP) in women aged 60-74years. Qualitative study: To evaluate the diagnostic and treatment criteria of the OPP and it's variability in primary care physicians (PC) and specialists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quantitative study: observational, cross-sectional and retrospective study. POPULATION: women aged 60-74years with active treatment for OPP (n=424) in May 2012...
April 14, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361909/rational-mutagenesis-by-engineering-disulphide-bonds-improves-kluyveromyces-lactis-beta-galactosidase-for-high-temperature-industrial-applications
#18
Agustín Rico-Díaz, María-Efigenia Álvarez-Cao, Juan-José Escuder-Rodríguez, María-Isabel González-Siso, M Esperanza Cerdán, Manuel Becerra
Kluyveromyces lactis β-galactosidase (Kl-β-Gal) is one of the most important enzymes in the dairy industry. The poor stability of this enzyme limits its use in the synthesis of galactooligosaccharides (GOS) and other applications requiring high operational temperature. To obtain thermoresistant variants, a rational mutagenesis strategy by introducing disulphide bonds in the interface between the enzyme subunits was used. Two improved mutants, R116C/T270C and R116C/T270C/G818C, had increased half-lives at 45 °C compared to Kl-β-Gal (2...
March 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329845/editor-s-highlight-spatiotemporal-progression-and-remission-of-lesions-in-the-rat-brain-following-acute-intoxication-with-diisopropylfluorophosphate
#19
Sílvia Sisó, Brad A Hobson, Danielle J Harvey, Donald A Bruun, Douglas J Rowland, Joel R Garbow, Pamela J Lein
Similar to organophosphate (OP) nerve agents, diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) rapidly and irreversibly inhibits acetylcholinesterase, leading to convulsions that can progress to status epilepticus (SE). However, in contrast to the OP nerve agents, the long-term consequences of DFP-induced SE are not well known. Thus, we characterized the spatiotemporal profile of neuropathology during the first 2 months following acute DFP intoxication. Adult, male Sprague Dawley rats administered pyridostigmine bromide (0...
June 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329842/from-the-cover-magneticresonance-imaging-reveals-progressive-brain-injury-in-rats-acutely-intoxicated-with-diisopropylfluorophosphate
#20
Brad A Hobson, Sílvia Sisó, Douglas J Rowland, Danielle J Harvey, Donald A Bruun, Joel R Garbow, Pamela J Lein
Acute intoxication with organophosphates (OPs) can trigger seizures that progress to status epilepticus, and survivors often exhibit chronic neuropathology, cognitive impairment, affective disorders, and/or electroencephalographic abnormalities. Understanding how acute injury transitions to persistent neurological sequelae is critical to developing medical countermeasures for mitigating damage following OP-induced seizures. Here, we used in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor the spatiotemporal patterns of neuropathology for 1 month after acute intoxication with diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP)...
June 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
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