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María-Eugenia DeCastro, Esther Rodríguez-Belmonte, María-Isabel González-Siso
Microbial populations living in environments with temperatures above 50°C (thermophiles) have been widely studied, increasing our knowledge in the composition and function of these ecological communities. Since these populations express a broad number of heat-resistant enzymes (thermozymes), they also represent an important source for novel biocatalysts that can be potentially used in industrial processes. The integrated study of the whole-community DNA from an environment, known as metagenomics, coupled with the development of next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, has allowed the generation of large amounts of data from thermophiles...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Natalie M Plana, John T Stranix, Court B Cutting, Joseph G McCarthy, Roberto L Flores
Contemporary plastic surgery residents are increasingly challenged to learn a greater number of complex surgical techniques within a limited period. Surgical simulation and digital education resources have the potential to address some limitations of the traditional training model, and have been shown to accelerate knowledge and skills acquisition. Although animal, cadaver, and bench models are widely used for skills and procedure-specific training, digital simulation has not been fully embraced within plastic surgery...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Zahra Ramezani, Mohammad Mehdi Arefi, Hassan Zargarzadeh, Mohammad Reza Jahed-Motlagh
This paper presents two neuro-adaptive controllers for a class of uncertain single-input, single-output (SISO) nonlinear non-affine systems with unknown gain sign. The first approach is state feedback controller, so that a neuro-adaptive state-feedback controller is constructed based on the backstepping technique. The second approach is an observer-based controller and K-filters are designed to estimate the system states. The proposed method relaxes a priori knowledge of control gain sign and therefore by utilizing the Nussbaum-type functions this problem is addressed...
September 20, 2016: ISA Transactions
J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Eduardo D Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Lancet
Jiaming Yan, Hong Hong, Heng Zhao, Yusheng Li, Chen Gu, Xiaohua Zhu
Targets located at the same distance are easily neglected in most through-wall multiple targets detecting applications which use the single-input single-output (SISO) ultra-wideband (UWB) radar system. In this paper, a novel multiple targets vital signs tracking algorithm for through-wall detection using SISO UWB radar has been proposed. Taking advantage of the high-resolution decomposition of the Variational Mode Decomposition (VMD) based algorithm, the respiration signals of different targets can be decomposed into different sub-signals, and then, we can track the time-varying respiration signals accurately when human targets located in the same distance...
2016: Sensors
J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Natalie M Plana, Paul N Manson, Eduardo D Rodriguez
Historically, periodic academic meetings held by surgical societies have set the stage for discussion and exchange of ideas, which in turn have led to advancement of clinical practices. Since 2007, the AONA State of the Art: Facial Reconstruction and Transplantation Meeting (FRTM) has been organized to provide a forum for specialists around the world to engage in open conversation about the approaches currently at the forefront of facial reconstruction. Review of registration data of FRTM iterations from 2007 to 2015 was performed...
September 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
S Sisó, P Marco-Salazar, P F Moore, B K Sturges, W Vernau, E R Wisner, A W Bollen, P J Dickinson, R J Higgins
Primary and secondary nervous system involvement occurs in 4% and 5%-12%, respectively, of all canine non-Hodgkin lymphomas. The recent new classification of canine malignant lymphomas, based on the human World Health Organization classification, has been endorsed with international acceptance. This histological and immunocytochemical classification provides a unique opportunity to study the histologic anatomic distribution patterns in the central and peripheral nervous system of these defined lymphoma subtypes...
August 10, 2016: Veterinary Pathology
Anwar Ghani, Husnain Naqvi, Muhammad Sher, Muazzam Ali Khan, Imran Khan, Azeem Irshad
Wireless sensor networks consist of resource limited devices. Most crucial of these resources is battery life, as in most applications like battle field or volcanic area monitoring, it is often impossible to replace or recharge the power source. This article presents an energy efficient collaborative communication system based on spread spectrum to achieve energy efficiency as well as immunity against jamming, natural interference, noise suppression and universal frequency reuse. Performance of the proposed system is evaluated using the received signal power, bit error rate (BER) and energy consumption...
2016: PloS One
Jiale He, Borui Li, Lei Deng, Ming Tang, Lin Gan, Songnian Fu, Perry Ping Shum, Deming Liu
In this paper, the feasibility of space division multiplexing for optical wireless fronthaul systems is experimentally demonstrated by implementing high speed MIMO-OFDM/OQAM radio signals over 20km 7-core fiber and 0.4m wireless link. Moreover, the impact of optical inter-core crosstalk in multicore fibers on the proposed MIMO-OFDM/OQAM radio over fiber system is experimentally evaluated in both SISO and MIMO configurations for comparison. The experimental results show that the inter-core crosstalk tolerance of the proposed radio over fiber system can be relaxed to -10 dB by using the proposed MIMO-OFDM/OQAM processing...
June 13, 2016: Optics Express
Jian Yang, Ying Zhu, Liangquan Wu, Wenyan Zhu, Xiuwei Zhang, Yang Yang, Chunhua Xu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of pleural effusion levels of soluble receptor-binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells (sRCAS1) in lung cancer patients with malignant pleural effusion (MPE). METHODS: Pleural effusion samples were collected from 78 patients with MPE, and from 48 patients with benign pleural effusion (BPE). Pleural effusion sRCAS1 concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
July 12, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Meijiao Liu, Weihua Li, Feng Qiu, An-Chang Shi
The phase behavior of B1AB2C tetrablock terpolymer melts is systematically studied using the self-consistent field theory, focusing on the emergence and stability of the complex Frank-Kasper σ-phase. Our study starts with an investigation of the stability region of the σ phase for a generic model of B1AB2C terpolymers, in which the C-blocks form spherical domains immersed in the A/B matrix. Then, we examine the stability of the σ phase for a model system with a specific set of parameters mimicking poly(styrene-b-isoprene-b-styrene-b-ethylene oxide) (SISO) block copolymers which were examined in recent experiments...
August 14, 2016: Soft Matter
J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Eduardo D Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Elvira R Sayfutyarova, Garnet Kin-Lic Chan
We describe a state interaction spin-orbit (SISO) coupling method using density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) wavefunctions and the spin-orbit mean-field (SOMF) operator. We implement our DMRG-SISO scheme using a spin-adapted algorithm that computes transition density matrices between arbitrary matrix product states. To demonstrate the potential of the DMRG-SISO scheme we present accurate benchmark calculations for the zero-field splitting of the copper and gold atoms, comparing to earlier complete active space self-consistent-field and second-order complete active space perturbation theory results in the same basis...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
C J Finno, A D Miller, S Sisó, T Divers, G Gianino, M V Barro, S J Valberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Andreas K Gombert, José Valdo Madeira, María-Esperanza Cerdán, María-Isabel González-Siso
The preferentially respiring and thermotolerant yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus is an emerging host for heterologous protein synthesis, surpassing the traditional preferentially fermenting yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae in some important aspects: K . marxianus can grow at temperatures 10 °C higher than S. cerevisiae, which may result in decreased costs for cooling bioreactors and reduced contamination risk; has ability to metabolize a wider variety of sugars, such as lactose and xylose; is the fastest growing eukaryote described so far; and does not require special cultivation techniques (such as fed-batch) to avoid fermentative metabolism...
July 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Rosalia Santesmases-Masana, Luis González-de Paz, Jordi Real, Alicia Borràs-Santos, Antoni Sisó-Almirall, Maria Dolors Navarro-Rubio
OBJECTIVES: The level of health literacy is examined, as well as its conditioning factors in patients with heart failure who are seen routinely in a Primary Health Care Area. DESIGN: A multicentre cross-sectional study. SETTING: 10 Primary care centres from the metropolitan area of Barcelona. PARTICIPANTS: Patients diagnosed with heart failure. INCLUSION CRITERIA: to have visited the Primary Health Care centre in the last year, being able to arrive at the primary care setting independently, and voluntarily participation...
May 25, 2016: Atencion Primaria
J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Michael Sosin, Natalie M Plana, Eduardo D Rodriguez
Clinical face transplantation, only 10 years old, has evolved into a safe and preferred reconstructive option for the most severe facial defects, in which traditional reconstructive methods have yielded poor outcomes. The ability to simultaneously restore facial function and aesthetics has shown to improve patient's quality of life. Its applicability to post-oncologic resection, however, remains guarded given the current international experience with respect to long term outcomes. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;113:971-975...
June 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Soledad Retamozo, Hoda Gheitasi, Luca Quartuccio, Belchin Kostov, Laura Corazza, Albert Bové, Antoni Sisó-Almirall, Myriam Gandía, Manuel Ramos-Casals, Salvatore De Vita, Pilar Brito-Zerón
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fulfilment of classification criteria for cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis (CV) at diagnosis in a large cohort of patients with primary SS and their correlation with poor outcomes. METHODS: We included 515 consecutive patients tested for serum cryoglobulins who fulfilled the 2002 classification criteria for primary SS. CV classification criteria and serum cryoglobulins at diagnosis were assessed as predictors of death and lymphoma using Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis adjusted for age and gender...
August 2016: Rheumatology
Mariona Balfegó, Silvia Canivell, Felicia A Hanzu, Aleix Sala-Vila, Margarita Martínez-Medina, Serafín Murillo, Teresa Mur, Elena G Ruano, Francisca Linares, Nuria Porras, Silvia Valladares, Maria Fontalba, Elena Roura, Anna Novials, Cristina Hernández, Gloria Aranda, Antoni Sisó-Almirall, Gemma Rojo-Martínez, Rafael Simó, Ramon Gomis
BACKGROUND: Nutrition therapy is the cornerstone of treating diabetes mellitus. The inclusion of fish (particularly oily fish) at least two times per week is recommended by current international dietary guidelines for type 2 diabetes. In contrast to a large number of human studies examining the effects of oily fish on different cardiovascular risk factors, little research on this topic is available in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aims of this pilot study were to investigate the effects of a sardine-enriched diet on metabolic control, adiponectin, inflammatory markers, erythrocyte membrane fatty acid (EMFA) composition, and gut microbiota in drug-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Alper Kuştarcı, Kürşat Er, Seyda Hergüner Siso, Hakan Aydın, Hatice Harorlı, Dilara Arslan, Omer Kirmali
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of an erbium chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser with different irrigation solutions [sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), QMix 2in1, and peracetic acid] in removing calcium hydroxide (CH) from artificial grooves created in root canals. BACKGROUND DATA: CH has to be removed totally before the root canal filling. Any CH residue on the dentin walls may affect the dentinal bond strength and the penetration of sealers into the dentin tubules, and may increase apical leakage...
May 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
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