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Herbal remedies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712268/the-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-properties-of-1-2-decanediol-and-willow-bark-extract-in-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-keratinocytes
#1
Roberta DI Caprio, Giuseppe Monfrecola, Anna Balato, Nicola Balato, Franco Gasparri, Raffaella Micillo, Serena Lembo
BACKGROUND: The 1,2-decanediol (S-Mal) is an organic compound belonging to the 1,2- alkanediol family, with two hydroxyl groups located on the first and second carbon of the alkane chain, probably responsible for the enhanced anti-bacterial efficacy. The willow bark total extract (W-Mal) has been used since thousands of years as an herbal remedy for its antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial activities. S-Mal is used in cosmetic preparations, whether W- Mal can be topically or systemically administered...
July 13, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712058/reliance-on-medicinal-plant-therapy-among-cancer-patients-in-jamaica
#2
Kimberley Foster, Novie Younger, William Aiken, Doreen Brady-West, Rupika Delgoda
PURPOSE: Patients' perspective of their treatment regime plays a vital role in its success. Recognizing the high prevalence of medicinal plant usage among Jamaicans at large, we investigated the engagement of such remedies by cancer patients, with the aim of uncovering self-medicating habits, perceptions and details of utilized plants. METHODS: A structured, interviewer-based questionnaire was administered to 100 patients attending the oncology and urology clinics at the University Hospital of the West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica...
July 15, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701045/investigating-chemical-composition-and-indications-of-hydrosol-soft-drinks-aromatic-waters-used-in-persian-folk-medicine-for-women-s-hormonal-and-reproductive-health-conditions
#3
Azadeh Hamedi, Mehdi Afifi, Hamed Etemadfard
Hydrosol soft drinks in Persian nutrition culture are produced as side products of the essential oil industry to be used as safe remedies for treatment of some ailments. This study investigated hydrosols for women's hormonal health conditions. Detailed information was gathered by questionnaires. Chemical constituents of these mono- or poly-herbal hydrosols were identified after liquid/liquid extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Hierarchical cluster and K-means analysis (SPSS software) were used to find their relevance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698171/natural-compounds-for-the-treatment-of-psoriatic-arthritis-a-proposal-based-on-multi-targeted-osteoclastic-regulation-and-on-a-preclinical-study
#4
Shiqiang Deng, Jianwen Cheng, Jinmin Zhao, Felix Yao, Jiake Xu
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis affecting approximately 2% to 3% of the population globally, and is characterized by both peripheral articular manifestations and axial skeletal involvement. Conventional therapies for PsA have not been fully satisfactory, though natural products (NPs) have been shown to be highly effective and represent important treatment options for psoriasis. PsA is a multigenic autoimmune disease with both environmental and genetic factors contributing to its pathogenesis...
July 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696777/therapeutic-uses-of-triphala-in-ayurvedic-medicine
#5
Christine Tara Peterson, Kate Denniston, Deepak Chopra
AIM: The aim of this article is to review the current literature on the therapeutic uses and efficacy of Triphala. Herbal remedies are among the most ancient medicines used in traditional systems of healthcare such as Ayurveda. Triphala, a well-recognized and highly efficacious polyherbal Ayurvedic medicine consisting of fruits of the plant species Emblica officinalis (Amalaki), Terminalia bellerica (Bibhitaki), and Terminalia chebula (Haritaki), is a cornerstone of gastrointestinal and rejuvenative treatment...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679382/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-home-remedies-used-for-treatment-of-hair-and-scalp-and-their-methods-of-preparation-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#6
Abdel Naser Zaid, Nidal Amin Jaradat, Ahmad Mustafa Eid, Hamzeh Al Zabadi, Abdulsalam Alkaiyat, Saja Adam Darwish
BACKGROUND: Natural products have many uses and purposes, including those linked to pharmaceutics and cosmetics. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of natural remedies for the treatment of hair and scalp disorders in the West Bank, Palestine. METHODS: An ethnopharmacological survey of herbal remedies and other natural products used in cosmetics and cosmeceuticals was carried out in the West Bank, Palestine. A questionnaire was distributed to 267 herbalists, traditional healers, hairdressers and rural dwellers...
July 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667936/rapid-screening-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-illegally-added-in-anti-rheumatic-herbal-supplements-and-herbal-remedies-by-portable-ion-mobility-spectrometry
#7
Mengjiao Li, Haiyan Ma, Jinglin Gao, Lina Zhang, Xinyu Wang, Di Liu, Jing Bian, Ye Jiang
In this work, for the first time, a high-performance ion mobility spectrometry with electrospray ionization (ESI-HPIMS) method has been employed as a rapid screening tool for the detection of acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac sodium and indomethacin illegally added in anti-rheumatic herbal supplements and herbal remedies. Samples were dissolved and filtered through a 0.45μm microporous membrane, then the filtrate was directly injected into the high-performance ion mobility spectrometry for analysis...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665379/-chronorehabilitation-of-the-patients-suffering-from-chronic-cholecystitis-with-concomitant-gallbladder-dysfunction-and-opisthorchiasis
#8
O A Poddubnaya
The importance of the development of the effective rehabilitative measures for the patients suffering from chronic cholecystitis with concomitant gallbladder dysfunction and opisthorchiasis is beyond question. The adequate methods for the rehabilitation of the patients after an intensive de-worming remain to be developed. It is known that de-worming is not infrequently followed by the immediate amplification of the manifestations of the stagnation of bile in the gallbladder that become even more pronounced than before the de-worming procedure...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657166/nmr-hs-spme-gc-ms-and-hplc-ms-n-analyses-of-phytoconstituents-and-aroma-profile-of-rosmarinus-eriocalyx-l
#9
Hamdi Bendif, Mohamed Djamel Miara, Gregorio Peron, Stefania Sut, Stefano Dall'Acqua, Guido Flamini, Filippo Maggi
In this work a comprehensive study on the chemical constituents of the aerial parts of Rosmarinus eriocalyx L. (Lamiaceae), an aromatic shrub traditionally consumed as a food and herbal remedy in Algeria, is presented. The aroma profile was analysed by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), whereas the crude extract constituents were analyzed by (1) H-NMR and by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS(n) )...
June 28, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655574/cisplatin-along-with-herbal-drug-treatment-reduces-the-percentage-of-regulatory-t-cells-and-decreased-the-severity-of-experimental-visceral-leishmaniasis
#10
Heena Sachdeva, Sukhbir Kaur
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis is the most alarming and devastating amongst the various forms of leishmaniases. It is caused by Leishmania donovani, an obligate intracellular parasite of macrophages that survives through immunosuppression. Absence of T regulatory cells provides complete clearance of the parasite. A few immunoprophylactics have been sought to battle instinctive leishmaniasis, with fluctuating achievement. Our previous studies have shown that treatment of L. donovani infected mice with cisplatin along with herbal drugs resulted in decreased parasite load with heightened delayed type hypersensitivity responses (DTH), increased levels of IgG2a, IFN-γ, IL-2, CD4+ cells, NK 1...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651481/anti-fibrotic-effects-of-cuscuta-chinensis-with-in-vitro-hepatic-stellate-cells-and-a-thioacetamide-induced-experimental-rat-model
#11
Jin Seoub Kim, Sushruta Koppula, Mun Jeong Yum, Gwang Mo Shin, Yun Jin Chae, Seok Min Hong, Jae Dong Lee, MinDong Song
CONTEXT: Cuscuta chinensis Lam. (Convolvulaceae) has been used as a traditional herbal remedy for treating liver and kidney disorders. OBJECTIVE: Anti-fibrotic effects of C. chinensis extract (CCE) in cellular and experimental animal models were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HSC-T6 cell viability, cell cycle and apoptosis were analysed using MTT assay, flow cytometry and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining techniques. Thioacetamide (TAA)-induced fibrosis model was established using Sprague Dawley rats (n = 10)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639115/chemical-composition-of-selected-commercial-herbal-remedies-in-relation-to-geographical-origin-and-inter-species-diversity
#12
Pawel Konieczynski, Agnieszka Viapiana, Roman Lysiuk, Marek Wesolowski
Infusions prepared from medicinal herbs that are rich in flavonoids are very popular herbal remedies in societies of Eastern Europe. Therefore, the content of essential elements together with total flavonoids was analyzed in 65 commercially available samples of herbal drugs originating from Ukraine, Romania, and Belarus. The results showed that metallic elements (in mg kg(-1) d.w.) have occurred in the following order: Fe > Mn > Zn > Cu, both for total and water-extractable species. Total flavonoids were determined in the range from 10...
June 21, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628277/twelve-month-use-of-herbal-medicines-as-a-remedy-for-mental-health-problems-in-japan-a-cross-national-analysis-of-world-mental-health-survey-data
#13
Mai Iwanaga, Hiroo Iwanaga, Norito Kawakami
AIM: The purpose of this study was to clarify the frequencies and sociodemographic and other characteristics around use of herbal medicine as a remedy for mental health problems in Japan. METHODS: Data from the World Mental Health Japan (WMHJ) Survey and US National Comorbidity Survey Replications were analyzed. The WMHJ was conducted in 2002 to 2006, with 4129 respondents. National Comorbidity Survey Replications was conducted in 2002 to 2003, with 9282 respondents...
June 19, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612694/-anticholinergic-syndrome-caused-by-contaminated-herbal-tea-acting-swiftly-to-identify-the-source
#14
C Oerlemans, I de Vries, A J H P van Riel
BACKGROUND: Despite good manufacturing practice and quality control, consumer products can become contaminated. In some cases, this can result in severe and life-threatening intoxication with potentially fatal consequences. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 27-year-old man and a 28-year-old pregnant woman presented to the Emergency Department with severe anticholinergic syndrome after using a marshmallow root (Althaea officinalis) herbal remedy, mixed into hot chocolate drink, to reduce symptoms of common cold...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599756/tripterygium-wilfordii-inhibiting-angiogenesis-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Weisan Zhang, Fengtan Li, Wenyuan Gao
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease with a serious pre-vascular inflammatory phase, followed by significant increase in vessel growth. Inhibition of angiogenesis is a novel therapeutic strategy against RA. The Chinese herbal remedy Tripterygium wilfordii, Hook. f. (TwHf) has been reported to be therapeutically efficacious in the treatment of RA. Recent studies have revealed that treatment with TwHf extracts inhibit angiogenesis of RA, thereby elaborately attenuation RA symptom. This review mainly addresses the anti-angiogenesis effect of TwHf in treatment of RA...
July 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585421/evaluation-of-potential-anti-toxoplasmosis-efficiency-of-combined-traditional-herbs-in-a-mouse-model
#16
Xun-Hui Zhuo, Hong-Chao Sun, Bin Huang, Hai-Jie Yu, Ying Shan, Ai-Fang Du
Toxoplasma gondii is a worldwide spread protozoan and is able to infect almost all warm-blood animals. No effective drugs are available clinically on toxoplasmosis. Chinese traditional herbal medicines have provided remedies for many health problems. There exists a possibility that Chinese herbs may provide protection against T. gondii. This work aims to assess the protective efficacy of combined Chinese herbs against T. gondii. We screened five herbal medicines that have different pharmacological effects and combined them into a prescription according to the traditional Chinese medicine compatibility principle...
June 2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577541/phytomedical-assessment-of-two-cymbopogon-species-found-in-nkonkobe-municipality-toxicological-effect-on-human-chang-liver-cell-line
#17
Voster Muchenje, Beauty E Omoruyi
BACKGROUND: Cymbopogon species are widely used as herbal remedies by the traditional healers living in Nkonkobe Municipality for the treatment and management of skin and respiratory infections. According to our survey, the plants seem to be very important because of the higher demands. METHODS: The leaves of C. validis and C. plurinodis were hydro-distilled and the resulted extracted oils were analyzed by GC/MS. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ranging from 7...
June 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571502/liver-toxicity-mechanisms-of-herbs-commonly-used-in-latin-america
#18
Sofía López-Gil, Natalia Nuño-Lámbarri, Norberto Chávez-Tapia, Misael Uribe, Varenka J Barbero-Becerra
Mexico owns approximately 4500 medicinal plants species, a great diversity that position it at the second place after China. According to the Mexican health department, 90% of common population consumes them to treat various diseases. Additionally, herbal remedies in Latin America are considered a common practice, but the frequency of use and the liver damage related to its consumption is still unknown. Despite the high prevalence and indiscriminate herbal consumption, the exact mechanism of hepatotoxicity and adverse effects is not fully clarified and is still questioned...
June 2, 2017: Drug Metabolism Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550279/cinnamon-induces-browning-in-subcutaneous-adipocytes
#19
Hiu Yee Kwan, Jiahui Wu, Tao Su, Xiao-Juan Chao, Bin Liu, Xiuqiong Fu, Chi Leung Chan, Rebecca Hiu Ying Lau, Anfernee Kai Wing Tse, Quan Bin Han, Wang Fun Fong, Zhi-Ling Yu
Browning is the process of increasing the number of brite cells, which helps to increase energy expenditure and reduce obesity. Consumption of natural and non-toxic herbal extracts that possess the browning effect is an attractive anti-obesity strategy. In this study, we examined the browning effect of cinnamon extract. We found that cinnamon extract (CE) induced typical brown adipocyte multiocular phenotype in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The treatment also increased brown adipocytes markers and reduced white adipocytes markers in the 3T3-L1 adipocytes...
May 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521703/recent-advances-in-antiepileptic-herbal-medicine
#20
Stephen M Manchishi
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders worldwide, with about 80 percent of cases thought to be in developing nations where it is mostly linked to superstition. Most cases of epilepsy are idiopathic, though brain injury, brain tumor, severe systemic infection and genetic mutations have been implicated in some cases. Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) currently in existence are not sufficient to contain the disorder. This is not only because of their limited availability and cost, but also their adverse side effects...
May 18, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
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