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Herbal remedies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816630/glycoproteins-and-polysaccharides-are-the-main-class-of-active-constituents-required-for-lymphocyte-stimulation-and-antigen-specific-immune-response-induction-by-traditional-medicinal-herbal-plants
#1
Young-Ok Son, Sung-Ho Kook, Jeong-Chae Lee
Traditional herbal remedies stimulate and modulate the immune system, and it is thought that their glycoproteins and polysaccharides are responsible for this activity. We prepared crude water, protein, and polysaccharide extracts from Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz, Helianthus annuus L., Scutellaria barbata D. Don, and Hedyotis diffusa Willd, respectively, and compared their immune-stimulating activities in vitro and in vivo. All protein and polysaccharide samples of the plants led to greater lymphocyte proliferation and TNF-α and IL-6 production in cultured splenocytes than did the crude water extracts at the same concentrations tested...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815692/amelioration-of-atopic-like-skin-conditions-in-nc-tnd-mice-by-topical-application-with-distilled-alpinia-intermedia-gagnep-extracts
#2
Yosuke Amagai, Chihiro Katsuta, Yoshihiro Nomura, Kumiko Oida, Kenshiro Matsuda, Hyosun Jang, Ginnae Ahn, Tetsuyoshi Hamasaki, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka
Alpinia intermedia, a perennial plant that belongs to the Zingiberaceae family, has been used in folk medicine for a long time in the southern region of Japan. Because skin care is an effective approach that enables patients to manage their atopic dermatitis (AD), various herbal ingredients with few adverse effects have been evaluated for use in AD patients in recent years. In this study, we examined whether distilled extracts obtained from A. intermedia were beneficial for AD-like skin conditions in NC/Tnd mice...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811221/is-the-hype-around-the-reproductive-health-claims-of-maca-lepidium-meyenii-walp-justified
#3
REVIEW
Shruti Beharry, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Maca - Lepidium meyenii Walp has been cultivated and used by Andean people for over 1,300 to 2000 years in Peru as food and medicine. Starting in the late 1990's it has developed into an important herbal medicine in China and is now cultivated there widely, too. AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to provide an insight into the emergence of maca on the global market as an alternative remedy to treat reproductive health related problems in both men and women and to critically assess these health claims...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799487/dementia-etiologies-and-remedies-in-traditional-persian-medicine-a-review-of-medicinal-plants-and-phytochemistry
#4
Laila Shirbeigi, Behnam Dalfardi, Zohre Abolhasanzade, Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic neurodegenerative disease causing progressive and gradual impairment of different brain's cognitive functions. The prevalence of dementia is about 3 to 7% in different parts of the world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the etiologies of dementia according to the Traditional Persian Medicine scientists' viewpoint and introduce their recommended herbal remedies for this disease. METHOD: The authors explored six main Traditional Persian Medicine textbooks for the disease of dementia, its etiologies and related recommended herbal treatments...
August 10, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797065/a-systematic-review-of-the-pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-interactions-of-herbal-medicine-with-warfarin
#5
Songie Choi, Dal-Seok Oh, Ui Min Jerng
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review data regarding pharmacokinetic (PK)-pharmacodynamic (PD) parameters from randomized controlled trials relating to interactions between herbal medicines and warfarin. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched to identify relevant trials. Two reviewers independently performed the study selection and data extraction. The risk of bias and reporting quality were also assessed independently by two reviewers using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and the consolidated standards of reporting trials (CONSORT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793809/-these-people-who-dig-roots-in-the-forests-cannot-treat-hiv-women-and-men-in-durban-south-africa-reflect-on-traditional-medicine-and-antiretroviral-drugs
#6
Amy Weintraub, Joanne E Mantell, Kelsey Holt, Renée A Street, Catriona Wilkey, Suraya Dawad, Tsitsi B Masvawure, Susie Hoffman
Relatively few empirical investigations of the intersection of HIV biomedical and traditional medicine have been undertaken. As part of preliminary work for a longitudinal study investigating health-seeking behaviours among newly diagnosed individuals living with HIV, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 24 urban South Africans presenting for HIV testing or newly enrolled in HIV care; here we explored participants' views on African traditional medicine (TM) and biomedical HIV treatment. Notions of acceptance/non-acceptance were more nuanced than dichotomous, with participants expressing views ranging from favourable to reproachful, often referring to stories they had heard from others rather than drawing from personal experience...
August 10, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793084/-use-of-medicinal-plants-as-home-remedies-in-primary-health-care-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#7
Ana Lúcia Bertarello Zeni, Amanda Varnier Parisotto, Gerson Mattos, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
An increase in the use of alternative therapeutic practices has been observed in the past decade, especially in medicinal plants, herbal and home remedies, which has been supported by policies within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS). This study investigated the use of home remedies by users of Primary Health Care in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. It is a cross-sectional, observational and epidemiological study, the data for which were obtained via a questionnaire applied to 701 individuals. An unconditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between the use of home remedies and socio-demographic and medical care variables...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780881/-phytoestrogens-in-the-treatment-of-menopause
#8
Júlia Remport, Anna Blázovics
In previous centuries many women did not even live until their menopause years due to poor economic conditions, deficiencies of medicine, epidemics and wars. Nowadays in the developed countries, people live until they are 75-80 years old, and with the expansion of average age, the number of people affected by menopause and the years spent in that state increase. Nowadays women spend one third of their lives in the menopausal stage. The only effective way to treat unpleasant symptoms for centuries was with the use of herbs, and the knowledge about them spread through oral tradition...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764723/systematic-review-on-traditional-medicinal-plants-used-for-the-treatment-of-malaria-in-ethiopia-trends-and-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Getachew Alebie, Befikadu Urga, Amha Worku
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is endowed with abundant medicinal plant resources and traditional medicinal practices. However, available research evidence on indigenous anti-malarial plants is highly fragmented in the country. The present systematic review attempted to explore, synthesize and compile ethno-medicinal research evidence on anti-malarial medicinal plants in Ethiopia. METHODS: A systematic web search analysis and review was conducted on research literature pertaining to medicinal plants used for traditional malaria treatment in Ethiopia...
August 1, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755969/plant-based-remedies-for-wolf-bites-and-rituals-against-wolves-in-the-iberian-peninsula-therapeutic-opportunities-and-cultural-values-for-the-conservation-of-biocultural-diversity
#10
REVIEW
José A González, Ana Maria Carvalho, José Ramón Vallejo, Francisco Amich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Combined approaches to local knowledge and folk plant use improve awareness and promote effective strategies for the conservation of significant biocultural patrimony. Moreover, the information reported might be the basis for further appropriate phytochemical and pharmacological research. Therefore we provide an insight into traditional herbal remedies and practices for healing bite injuries in humans and domestic animals caused by the Iberian wolf. Wolf bites are associated with inflammatory processes and rabies is a potential complication AIMS: This paper describes and summarises the medicinal-veterinary empirical and ritual uses of the Iberian flora for wolf injuries and reviews the ethnopharmacological data of specific plants that are already published...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749102/an-exploration-of-phytochemicals-from-simaroubaceae
#11
REVIEW
Biba Vikas, B S Akhil, S R Suja, K Sujathan
Natural products such as plants, animals and minerals have been the basis of treatment of human diseases. Herbal remedies have been used for the treatment of many ailments. Many compounds have been derived from the plant species mentioned in the ancient texts of Indian system of medicine for the treatment of a number of ailments. The R and D thrust in the pharmaceutical sector is focused on development of new drugs, innovative/indigenous processes for known drugs and development of plant based drugs through investigation of leads from the traditional systems of medicine...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738242/specialized-metabolites-from-the-aerial-parts-of-centaurea-polyclada-dc
#12
Serdar Demir, Canan Karaalp, Erdal Bedir
The genus Centaurea L. (Asteraceae) is represented by 200 taxa in the flora of Turkey and several Centaurea species are used as herbal remedies against different conditions. Previous phytochemical investigations on this genus generally revealed the isolation of sesquiterpene lactones and flavonoid derivatives. In our continuous search on Centaurea genus, a phytochemical study was performed on Centaurea polyclada DC., an endemic of West Anatolia. Previously undescribed two sesquiterpene-amino acid conjugates, an elemane and an eudesmane derivative were isolated from the aerial parts of Centaurea polyclada, together with eight known compounds; two elemane derivatives, three flavonoids, a lignan, a phenolic glucoside and a phenylpropanoid glucoside...
July 21, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735729/protective-effects-of-flavonoids-isolated-from-korean-milk-thistle-cirsium-japonicum-var-maackii-maxim-matsum-on-tert-butyl-hydroperoxide-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-hepg2-cells
#13
Hyun Ah Jung, Qudeer Ahmed Abdul, Jeong Su Byun, Eun-Ji Joung, Wi-Gyeong Gwon, Min-Sup Lee, Hyeung-Rak Kim, Jae Sue Choi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Milk thistle leaves and flowers have been traditionally used as herbal remedy to alleviate liver diseases for decades. Korean milk thistle, Cirsium japonicum var. maackii (Maxim.) Matsum has been employed in traditional folk medicine as diuretic, antiphlogistic, hemostatic, and detoxifying agents. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of current investigation was to evaluate hepatoprotective properties of the MeOH extract of the roots, stems, leaves and flowers of Korean milk thistle as well as four isolated flavonoids, luteolin, luteolin 5-O-glucoside, apigenin and apigenin 7-O-glucuronide during t-BHP-induced oxidative stress in HepG2 cells...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729228/tangled-history-of-the-european-uses-of-sphagnum-moss-and-sphagnol
#14
REVIEW
Jacek Drobnik, Adam Stebel
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sphagnum mosses and peat could have been utilized as wound dressings for centuries, however reliable data on this subject are ambiguous; sometimes even no distinction between peat moss (Sphagnum spp.) and peat is made or these terms become confused. The first scientific account on surgical use of peat comes from 1882: a peat digger who successfully, by himself and in the way unknown to the then medicine, cured an open fracture of his forearm with peat. The peat, and very soon the peat moss itself (which is the major constituent of peat) drew attention of the 19th-century surgeons...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726759/high-resolution-inhibition-profiling-combined-with-hplc-hrms-spe-nmr-for-identification-of-ptp1b-inhibitors-from-vietnamese-plants
#15
Binh Thi Dieu Trinh, Anna K Jäger, Dan Staerk
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) plays a key role as a negative regulator in insulin signal transduction by deactivating the insulin receptor. Thus, PTP1B inhibition has emerged as a potential therapeutic strategy for curing insulin resistance. In this study, 40 extracts from 18 different plant species were investigated for PTP1B inhibitory activity in vitro. The most promising one, the EtOAc extract of Ficus racemosa, was investigated by high-resolution PTP1B inhibition profiling combined with HPLC-HRMS-SPE-NMR analysis...
July 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726668/formulation-and-technology-development-of-herbal-phenolic-biopolymer-containing-films-for-burn-treatment
#16
S Gokadze, V Barbakadze, K Mulkijanyan, A Bakuridze, L Bakuridze
Application of phytofilms based on biosolublepolymers is considered as a prospectivemethod for burn treatment . Herbal remedies contain biologically active substances, that are relatively less toxic, do not cause skin irritation or allergic reactions and, importantly, affectstrains of the microorganisms and viruses resistant to antibiotics and synthetic drugs. Nowadays, the advantages are given to such burn healing drugs, which along with high specific efficacy, have analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects, and don't irritate the tissues...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724298/definitions-of-healing-and-healing-interventions-across-different-cultures
#17
Ann H Lichtenstein, Ann Berger, M Jennifer Cheng
For centuries healing has been embedded in non-Western cultures. Traditional cultures believe that healing is derived from the divine and utilize a holistic approach to healing including the body, mind, and spirit. The community and environment are key elements in individual healing along with herbal remedies and ceremonies. Western cultures have accepted some traditional methods of relaxation and exercise, such as yoga and tai chi. In this paper we will examine some similar themes of traditional practices to better understand traditional patients' healing paradigm and find new tools as practitioners of Western medicine...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722333/xiap-inhibitor-embelin-induces-autophagic-and-apoptotic-cell-death-in-human-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells
#18
You-Jin Lee, Bong-Soo Park, Hae-Ryoun Park, Su-Bin Yu, Hae-Mi Kang, In-Ryoung Kim
Embelin is an active ingredient of traditional herbal remedies for cancer and other diseases. Recently, it has been suggested that autophagy may play an important role in cancer therapy. However, little data are available regarding the role of autophagy in oral cancers. Therefore, we conducted this study to examine whether Embelin modulates autophagy in Ca9-22. Our results showed that Embelin had anticancer activity against the Ca9-22 human tongue squamous cell, and we observed that autophagic vacuoles were formed by MDC and AO...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712268/the-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-properties-of-1-2-decanediol-and-willow-bark-extract-in-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-keratinocytes
#19
Roberta DI Caprio, Giuseppe Monfrecola, Anna Balato, Nicola Balato, Franco Gasparri, Raffaella Micillo, Serena Lembo
BACKGROUND: The 1,2-decanediol (S-Mal) is an organic compound belonging to the 1,2- alkanediol family, with two hydroxyl groups located on the first and second carbon of the alkane chain, probably responsible for the enhanced anti-bacterial efficacy. The willow bark total extract (W-Mal) has been used since thousands of years as an herbal remedy for its antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial activities. S-Mal is used in cosmetic preparations, whether W- Mal can be topically or systemically administered...
July 13, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712058/reliance-on-medicinal-plant-therapy-among-cancer-patients-in-jamaica
#20
Kimberley Foster, Novie Younger, William Aiken, Doreen Brady-West, Rupika Delgoda
PURPOSE: Patients' perspective of their treatment regime plays a vital role in its success. Recognizing the high prevalence of medicinal plant usage among Jamaicans at large, we investigated the engagement of such remedies by cancer patients, with the aim of uncovering self-medicating habits, perceptions and details of utilized plants. METHODS: A structured, interviewer-based questionnaire was administered to 100 patients attending the oncology and urology clinics at the University Hospital of the West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica...
July 15, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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