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trust in health care providers

Dalia M Corrales, Ali E Wells, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Gabriela Pena, Alan L Kaplan, Lorrie S King, Sonia C Robazetti, Tri A Dinh
This study describes the use of the Internet for health information research by patients attending a gynecologic oncology practice and examines the association between its use and anxiety. A self-administered survey assessed patients' demographic information and Internet use. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were administered concurrently. Of 212 patients who consented to the study, 98 (46%) had an appointment because of a cancer diagnosis. Of 199 respondents, 91 (46%) reported searching the Internet for information about their condition...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
E C C Carla van Os, A E Elianne Zijlstra, E J Erik Knorth, W J Wendy Post, M E Margrite Kalverboer
The systematic review presented in this article aims to reveal what supports and hampers refugee children in telling their, often traumatic, life stories. This is important to ensure that migration decisions are based on reliable information about the children's needs for protection. A systematic review was conducted in academic journals, collecting all available scientific knowledge about the disclosure of life stories by refugee minors in the context of social work, guardianship, foster care, asylum procedures, mental health assessment, and therapeutic settings...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Jim Reeder, Jane Morris
The purpose of this study was to understand the views and experiences of paediatric therapists working in the United Kingdom regarding the importance of the therapeutic relationship when providing information for parents of children with long-term disabilities. The aim was to develop new perspectives, to encourage dialogue and reflection for change and to identify practical suggestions for health professionals when developing therapeutic relationships. This study employed an interpretive phenomenological methodology...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Aradhana Perry, Chelsea Gardener, Jonathan Dove, Yocheved Eiger, Kate Loewenthal
INTRODUCTION: This article describes a successful community-based partnership project between statutory and third-sector services targeting the strictly Orthodox Jewish community (OJC). METHODS: The City and Hackney Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Access Service (East London NHS Foundation Trust (ELFT)) collaborated with Bikur Cholim, a local third-sector organisation based in the heart of a north London Charedi OJC, to develop a brief culturally tailored psychoeducational group intervention focusing on mental health promotion and prevention...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Kerstin Kremeike, Maren Galushko, Gerrit Frerich, Vanessa Romotzky, Stefanie Hamacher, Gary Rodin, Holger Pfaff, Raymond Voltz
BACKGROUND: A desire to die (DD) is frequent in palliative care (PC). However, uncertainty remains as to the appropriate therapeutic response. (Proactive) discussion of DD is not usually part of standard care. To support health practitioners' (HPs) reactions to a patient's DD, a training program has been developed, piloted and evaluated. Within this framework, a first draft of a semi-structured clinical interview schedule with prompts (CISP) has been developed, including recommendations for action to support HPs' self-confidence...
February 20, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
Wouter T Gude, Marie-José Roos-Blom, Sabine N van der Veer, Dave A Dongelmans, Evert de Jonge, Jill J Francis, Niels Peek, Nicolette F de Keizer
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback aims to guide health professionals in improving aspects of their practice that need it most. Evidence suggests that feedback fails to increase accuracy of professional perceptions about clinical performance, which likely reduces audit and feedback effectiveness. This study investigates health professionals' perceptions about their clinical performance and the influence of feedback on their intentions to change practice. METHODS: We conducted an online laboratory experiment guided by Control Theory with 72 intensive care professionals from 21 units...
February 17, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Nadia Minian, Aliya Noormohamed, Laurie Zawertailo, Dolly Baliunas, Norman Giesbrecht, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov, Peter L Selby
Plain English summary: The purpose of this paper is to describe a patient engagement event designed to create an educational workbook with smokers who drink alcohol at harmful levels. The goal was to create a workbook that combined scientific evidence with patients' values, preferences, and needs. Fourteen adult smokers who drink alcohol were invited to the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) to take part in a four-hour event to help design the workbook with the CAMH research team...
2018: Research involvement and engagement
Cati G Brown-Johnson, Lindsay M Boeckman, Ashley H White, Andrea D Burbank, Sjonna Paulson, Laura A Beebe
BACKGROUND: Modern technology (ie, websites and social media) has significantly changed social mores in health information access and delivery. Although mass media campaigns for health intervention have proven effective and cost-effective in changing health behavior at a population scale, this is best studied in traditional media sources (ie, radio and television). Digital health interventions are options that use short message service/text messaging, social media, and internet technology...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Elisa Langiano, Maria Ferrara, Elisabetta De Vito
Vaccinations in Italy show a downward trend since 2013 due to an evergrowing mistrust of the population with regard to vaccination that has resulted in lesser adherence to vaccination programs. The main cause of the reduction is due to a tendency observed in recent years, even at the international level, known as 'vaccine hesitancy'. A growing number of studies on vaccine hesitancy show that causes vary by country, population, vaccine, and context influences, but in all cases emerges the importance of health care professionals in patients decision about vaccine...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Matthew J Akiyama, Linda Agyemang, Julia H Arnsten, Moonseong Heo, Brianna L Norton, Bruce R Schackman, Benjamin P Linas, Alain H Litwin
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) constitute 60% of the approximately 5 million people in the U.S. infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Treatment of PWID is complex due to addiction, mental illness, poverty, homelessness, lack of positive social support, poor adherence-related skills, low motivation and knowledge, and poor access to and trust in the health care system. New direct-acting antiviral medications are available for HCV with high cure rates and few side effects. The life expectancy and economic benefits of new HCV treatments will not be realized unless we determine optimal models of care for the majority of HCV-infected patients...
February 9, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Melinda M Davis, Rose Gunn, L Kris Gowen, Benjamin F Miller, Larry A Green, Deborah J Cohen
Integrated behavioral health and primary care is a patient-centered approach designed to address a person's physical, emotional, and social healthcare needs. Increasingly, practices are integrating care to help achieve the Quadruple Aim, yet no studies have examined, using qualitative methods, patients' experiences of care in integrated settings. The purpose of this study was to examine patients' experiences of care in community-based settings integrating behavioral health and primary care. This is a qualitative study of 24 patients receiving care across five practices participating in Advancing Care Together (ACT)...
February 7, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Duckhee Chae, Jina Lee, Keiko Asami, Hyunlye Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the experiences of public health workers (PHWs) providing health care for migrants living in Korea and clarified needs for cultural competence training. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Twenty-six PHWs from five public health centers in Gwangju city, South Korea, participated in this exploratory qualitative study. METHODS: Five semi-structured focus group interviews of PHWs were conducted from September to December 2016. A directed content analysis approach was conducted using four categories: perceived characteristics of migrants, interaction between PHWs and migrants, interaction between PHWs and organizations/systems, and cultural competence training needs...
February 9, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Jack K H Pun, E Angela Chan, Sophie Wang, Diana Slade
OBJECTIVE: To provide an integrative review of literature on health communication in East Asia and detail culturally-specific influences. METHODS: Using PRISMA model, search of PubMed, PsychInfo, Web of Knowledge, ERIC and CINAHL databases were conducted for studies between January 2000 and March 2017, using the terms 'clinician/health professional-patient', 'nurse/doctor-patient, 'communication' and 'Asia'. RESULTS: 38 studies were included: Mainland China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan...
January 31, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Eva Guérin, Zachary M Ferraro, Kristi B Adamo, Denis Prud'homme
Engaging in recommended levels of physical activity during pregnancy can provide a host of physical and mental health benefits for the expecting mother and her child. However, methodological issues related to physical activity measurement have plagued many studies examining the effects of physical activity during this important life stage. Burgeoning support exists for the more widespread use of objective methods, and accelerometers specifically, for an accurate appraisal of maternal physical activity. In this commentary, we highlight discrepancies between activity estimates obtained via self-report and objective measures and describe the implications of erroneous measurement when making clinical recommendations and in conducting future physical activity and pregnancy research...
February 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Rajnish Mago, Andrea Fagiolini, Emmanuelle Weiller, Catherine Weiss
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that nearly half of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) do not achieve an adequate response to antidepressant treatments (ADTs), which impacts patients' functioning, quality of life (QoL), and well-being. This patient survey aimed to better understand patient perspectives on the emotional impact of experiencing an inadequate response to ADTs. METHODS: An online survey was conducted in 6 countries with respondents diagnosed with MDD and experiencing an inadequate response to ADTs...
February 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Paul O Ouma, Joseph Maina, Pamela N Thuranira, Peter M Macharia, Victor A Alegana, Mike English, Emelda A Okiro, Robert W Snow
BACKGROUND: Timely access to emergency care can substantially reduce mortality. International benchmarks for access to emergency hospital care have been established to guide ambitions for universal health care by 2030. However, no Pan-African database of where hospitals are located exists; therefore, we aimed to complete a geocoded inventory of hospital services in Africa in relation to how populations might access these services in 2015, with focus on women of child bearing age. METHODS: We assembled a geocoded inventory of public hospitals across 48 countries and islands of sub-Saharan Africa, including Zanzibar, using data from various sources...
January 25, 2018: Lancet Global Health
Nina J Berry, Margie Danchin, Lyndal Trevena, Holly O Witteman, Paul Kinnersley, Tom Snelling, Penelope Robinson, Julie Leask
INTRODUCTION: The SKAI (Sharing Knowledge About Immunisation) project aims to develop effective communication tools to support primary health care providers' consultations with parents who may be hesitant about vaccinating their children. AIM: This study explored parents' communication needs using a qualitative design. METHODS: Parents of at least one child less than five years old were recruited from two major cities and a regional town known for high prevalence of vaccine objection...
January 29, 2018: Vaccine
Bernadette Li, Alec Miners, Haleema Shakur, Ian Roberts
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia account for almost 85% of global maternal deaths from post-partum haemorrhage. Early administration of tranexamic acid, within 3 h of giving birth, was shown to reduce the risk of death due to bleeding in women with post-partum haemorrhage in the World Maternal Antifibrinolytic (WOMAN) trial. We aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of early administration of tranexamic acid for treatment of post-partum haemorrhage. METHODS: For this economic evaluation we developed a decision model to assess the cost-effectiveness of the addition of tranexamic acid to usual care for treatment of women with post-partum haemorrhage in Nigeria and Pakistan...
February 2018: Lancet Global Health
Jeong Su Lee, Heidi Lempp, Vivek Srivastava, Elizabeth Barley
Introduction: Fifteen million people are affected by one or more long-term conditions in England. The cost of caring for this patient group increases every year. Several studies have been conducted to find out why people with those conditions choose to access Accident and Emergency (A&E) frequently. To our knowledge, there is no study that compares the three groups (patients, family members and hospital clinicians), and this approach may enhance understanding of A&E admissions in England...
2018: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
Céline Pujade, Roddy Kheng, Marianne Braconni, Fadi Bdeoui, Aude Monnier, Lucy Hoang, Elisabeth Dursun, Philippe Pirnay
CONTEXT: Patients with disabilities represent a population with special needs whose dental care management constitutes a public health problem. This article describes dental care of disabled people in a hospital dental care unit to highlight the difficulties encountered and propose ways to improve this care. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out on patients followed between 2010 and 2016 as part of the partnership between the Albert Chenevier Hospital odontology department and the RHAPSOD'IF network...
December 5, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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