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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045273/oneflorida-clinical-research-consortium-linking-a-clinical-and-translational-science-institute-with-a-community-based-distributive-medical-education-model
#1
Elizabeth Shenkman, Myra Hurt, William Hogan, Olveen Carrasquillo, Steven Smith, Andrew Brickman, David Nelson
PROBLEM: Developing a national pragmatic clinical trial infrastructure is central to understanding the effectiveness of interventions applied under usual conditions and where people receive health care. To address this challenge, three Florida universities- the University of Florida Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Florida State University (with its community-based distributive medical education model), and the University of Miami-created (2010-2013) a statewide consortium, the OneFlorida Clinical Research Consortium, to support the conduct of pragmatic clinical trials and provide mentored research experiences for medical and graduate students in real-world practice settings...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042760/a-scoping-review-of-crisis-teams-managing-dementia-in-older-people
#2
Amy Streater, Donna Maria Coleston-Shields, Jennifer Yates, Miriam Stanyon, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: Research on crisis teams for older adults with dementia is limited. This scoping review aimed to 1) conduct a systematic literature review reporting on the effectiveness of crisis interventions for older people with dementia and 2) conduct a scoping survey with dementia crisis teams mapping services across England to understand operational procedures and identify what is currently occurring in practice. METHODS: For the systematic literature review, included studies were graded using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklist...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033866/neural-substrate-of-group-mental-health-insights-from-multi-brain-reference-frame-in-functional-neuroimaging
#3
Dipanjan Ray, Dipanjan Roy, Brahmdeep Sindhu, Pratap Sharan, Arpan Banerjee
Contemporary mental health practice primarily centers around the neurobiological and psychological processes at the individual level. However, a more careful consideration of interpersonal and other group-level attributes (e.g., interpersonal relationship, mutual trust/hostility, interdependence, and cooperation) and a better grasp of their pathology can add a crucial dimension to our understanding of mental health problems. A few recent studies have delved into the interpersonal behavioral processes in the context of different psychiatric abnormalities...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028243/new-challenges-of-public-health-bringing-the-future-of-personalised-healthcare-into-focus
#4
Walter Ricciardi, Stefania Boccia
The greater personalization of healthcare represents a driver of innovation for research, and for the healthcare systems and industries as a whole. Still policy-makers, healthcare professionals, citizens and private companies need to take some steps to realize the potential for such a radical shift. In this paper, we illustrate the challenges, the benefits and consequences that might accompany the implementation of personalized healthcare, and the steps that policy-makers and practitioners would need to take to realise its potential...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025398/should-community-health-workers-offer-support-healthcare-services-to-survivors-of-sexual-violence-a-systematic-review
#5
Anne Gatuguta, Barbra Katusiime, Janet Seeley, Manuela Colombini, Isaac Mwanzo, Karen Devries
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is widespread, yet relatively few survivors receive healthcare or complete treatment. In low and middle-income countries, community health workers (CHWs) have the potential to provide support services to large numbers of survivors. The aim of this review was to document the role of CHWs in sexual violence services. We aimed to: 1) describe existing models of CHWs services including characteristics of CHWs, services delivered and populations served; 2) explore acceptability of CHWs' services to survivors and feasibility of delivering such services; and 3) document the benefits and challenges of CHW-provided sexual violence services...
October 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022839/the-audacity-of-engagement-hearing-directly-from-young-adults-with-cancer-on-their-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-cancer-survivorship-and-cancer-survivorship-research
#6
Catherine Benedict, David Victorson, Brad Love, Dave Fuehrer, Allison Lazard, Adam J Saffer, Thea Linscott, Matthew Zachary
BACKGROUND: Young adult (YA) cancer survivors have been historically under-represented in cancer survivorship research, which has contributed to more disparate health outcomes compared with young and older cancer survivors. Using qualitative methods, this study explored YAs' perceptions of cancer survivorship and identified YA-specific barriers and preferences for participation in cancer survivorship research. METHODS: Individual interviews and focus groups were conducted with YA cancer survivors (Nā€‰=ā€‰19) attending a patient-focused oncology conference...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021128/psychometric-properties-of-patient-facing-ehealth-evaluation-measures-systematic-review-and-analysis
#7
Bonnie J Wakefield, Carolyn L Turvey, Kim M Nazi, John E Holman, Timothy P Hogan, Stephanie L Shimada, Diana R Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Significant resources are being invested into eHealth technology to improve health care. Few resources have focused on evaluating the impact of use on patient outcomes A standardized set of metrics used across health systems and research will enable aggregation of data to inform improved implementation, clinical practice, and ultimately health outcomes associated with use of patient-facing eHealth technologies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to conduct a systematic review to (1) identify existing instruments for eHealth research and implementation evaluation from the patient's point of view, (2) characterize measurement components, and (3) assess psychometrics...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018548/personality-disorder-services-in-england-findings-from-a-national-survey
#8
Oliver Dale, Faisil Sethi, Clive Stanton, Sacha Evans, Kirsten Barnicot, Rosemary Sedgwick, Steve Goldsack, Monica Doran, Lucinda Shoolbred, Chiara Samele, Norman Urquia, Rex Haigh, Paul Moran
Aims and method We aimed to evaluate the availability and nature of services for people affected by personality disorder in England by conducting a survey of English National Health Service (NHS) mental health trusts and independent organisations. Results In England, 84% of organisations reported having at least one dedicated personality disorder service. This represents a fivefold increase compared with a 2002 survey. However, only 55% of organisations reported that patients had equal access across localities to these dedicated services...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018069/using-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-quality-improvements-in-healthcare-of-older-people-in-uk-care-homes-protocol-for-realist-review-within-proactive-healthcare-of-older-people-in-care-homes-peach-study
#9
Maria Zubair, Neil H Chadborn, John R F Gladman, Tom Dening, Adam L Gordon, Claire Goodman
INTRODUCTION: Care home residents are relatively high users of healthcare resources and may have complex needs. Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) may benefit care home residents and improve efficiency of care delivery. This is an approach to care in which there is a thorough multidisciplinary assessment (physical and mental health, functioning and physical and social environments) and a care plan based on this assessment, usually delivered by a multidisciplinary team. The CGA process is known to improve outcomes for community-dwelling older people and those in receipt of hospital care, but less is known about its efficacy in care home residents...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965525/the-general-public-s-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-resource-management-collaboration-and-community-assistance-centers-during-disasters
#10
Rachel L Charney, Terri Rebmann, Amy Endrizal, Preeti Dalawari
BACKGROUND: The key to resilience after disasters is the provision of coordinated care and resource distribution to the affected community. Past research indicates that the general public lacks an understanding regarding agencies' roles and responsibilities during disaster response. Study Objectives This study's purpose was to explore the general public's beliefs regarding agencies or organizations' responsibilities related to resource management during disasters. In addition, the public's attitudes towards the management and use of community disaster assistance centers were explored...
October 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960742/is-restraint-a-necessary-evil-in-mental-health-care-mental-health-inpatients-and-staff-members-experience-of-physical-restraint
#11
Ceri Wilson, Lorna Rouse, Sarah Rae, Manaan Kar Ray
Restraint in mental health care has negative consequences, and guidelines/policies calling for its reduction have emerged internationally. However, there is tension between reducing restraint and maintaining safety. In order to reduce restraint, it is important to gain an understanding of the experience for all involved. The aim of the present study was to improve understanding of the experience of restraint for patients and staff with direct experience and witnesses. Interviews were conducted with 13 patients and 22 staff members from one UK National Health Service trust...
October 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958817/enhancing-scientific-foundations-to-ensure-reproducibility-a-new-paradigm
#12
Terry Hsieh, Max H Vaickus, Daniel G Remick
Progress in science is dependent on a strong foundation of reliable results. The "publish or perish" paradigm in research, coupled with an increase in retracted papers from the peer-reviewed literature, is beginning to erode the trust of both the scientific community and the public. National Institutes of Health (NIH) is combating errors by requiring investigators to follow new guidelines addressing scientific premise, experimental design, biological variables, and authentication of reagents. Here, we discuss how implementation of NIH guidelines will help investigators proactively address pitfalls of experimental design and methodology...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958204/application-of-the-delphi-technique-in-healthcare-maintenance
#13
Stanley Njuangang, Champika Liyanage, Akintola Akintoye
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the research design, issues and considerations in the application of the Delphi technique to identify, refine and rate the critical success factors and performance measures in maintenance-associated infections. Design/methodology/approach In-depth literature review through the application of open and axial coding were applied to formulate the interview and research questions. These were used to conduct an exploratory case study of two healthcare maintenance managers, randomly selected from two National Health Service Foundation Trusts in England...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956616/xrays-examining-relevance-of-articles-to-young-survivors-program-survey-of-information-needs-and-media-use-by-young-breast-cancer-survivors-and-young-women-at-high-risk-for-breast-cancer
#14
Robin H Pugh Yi, Lisa F Rezende, Julie Huynh, Karen Kramer, Melissa Cranmer, Lisa Schlager, Craig T Dearfield, Susan J Friedman
Women age 45 years or younger with breast cancer, or who are at high-risk for breast cancer due to previously having the disease or to genetic risk, have distinct health risks and needs from their older counterparts. Young women frequently seek health information through the Internet and mainstream media, but often find it does not address their particular concerns, that it is difficult to evaluate or interpret, or even misleading. To help women better understand media coverage about new research, Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered (FORCE) developed the CDC-funded XRAYS (eXamining Relevance of Articles to Young Survivors) program...
September 28, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953814/service-users-perspectives-in-promise-and-research
#15
Sarah Rae
Since its inception in 2013, PROMISE (PROactive Management of Integrated Services and Environments) has been supporting service users and staff at the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust (CPFT) on a journey to reduce reliance on force. The author's own personal experiences led to the founding of PROMISE and illustrates how individual experiences can influence a patient to lead change. Coproduction is actively embedded in PROMISE. Patients have been meaningfully involved because they are innovators and problem solvers who bring an alternative viewpoint by the very nature of their condition...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948654/quality-assessment-of-recent-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-adults-using-the-agree-ii-instrument
#16
Muhammad A Anwer, Ousama B Al-Fahed, Samir I Arif, Yasser S Amer, Maher A Titi, Mohammed O Al-Rukban
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a worldwide and national public health problem that has a great impact on the population in Saudi Arabia. High-quality clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are cornerstones in improving the health care provided for patients with diabetes. This study evaluated the methodological rigour, transparency, and applicability of recently published CPGs. METHODS: Our group conducted a systematic search for recently published CPGs for T2DM...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944498/immigrant-health-through-the-lens-of-home-visitors-supervisors-and-administrators-the-florida-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting-program
#17
Esther Jean-Baptiste, Paige Alitz, Pamela C Birriel, Siobhan Davis, Rema Ramakrishnan, Leandra Olson, Jennifer Marshall
OBJECTIVE: The Florida Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program aims to minimize the occurrence of adverse maternal and child health outcomes for mothers deemed at-risk during pregnancy or shortly after childbirth. This study sought to understand the needs of and challenges faced by immigrant families in accessing health care through the perspective of Florida MIECHV home visitors, supervisors, and administrators. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: In this exploratory qualitative study, focus groups were held at each of the Florida MIECHV-funded program sites with a total of 81 MIECHV staff to discuss how the program addresses a range of participant needs...
September 25, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933619/african-american-adults-and-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-changing-our-approach-can-move-the-needle
#18
Sandra Crouse Quinn
Consistent disparities in influenza (flu) vaccine uptake among African Americans, coupled with a disproportionate burden of chronic diseases, places too many African Americans at high risk for complications, hospitalizations and premature mortality. This disparity is the result of individual attitudes and beliefs, social norms, and health care practices. Recent research identifies critical factors affecting vaccine uptake among African American adults including perceived risk of vaccine side effects, social norms that do not support for vaccination, and lower knowledge of the flu and the vaccine...
September 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923163/patients-experiences-of-nurse-case-management-in-primary-care-a-meta-synthesis
#19
Anna Askerud, Anna Askerud, Jenny Conder, Jenny Conder
The health system in New Zealand and Australia requires health practitioners to prepare for the challenge of long-term conditions. Wagner's 1998 Chronic Care Model advocates a move away from the traditional acute model of primary health care to a model that addresses the long-term episodic nature of chronic disease. Nurse case management has been developed over the last 2 decades as a means to coordinate health services for people with long-term conditions. This meta-synthesis combines the results of 15 qualitative research studies that have a similar research question regarding peoples' perceptions of nurse case management...
September 19, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919824/strengthening-participation-by-young-women-sex-workers-in-hiv-programs-reflections-on-a-study-from-bangkok-thailand
#20
Cath Conn, Kristel Modderman, Shoba Nayar
BACKGROUND: Participation is an accepted means of increasing the effectiveness of public health programs, and as such, it is considered an important component of HIV interventions targeting at-risk youth. The situation of young women sex workers in Thailand is alarming on many fronts, including that of HIV risk. As a result, HIV programs in Thailand are the key interventions undertaken in relation to young women sex workers' health. A small-scale study used semistructured interviews to explore the participation reports of five young women sex workers, as well as the related views of two community support workers, who lived and worked in Bangkok, Thailand...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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