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Lei Zhang, Zhimin Geng, Xiankui Meng, Fandi Meng, Lin Wang
The present study aimed to investigate key long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and genes, and to obtain insights into their roles in the progression of gallbladder cancer (GBC). The gene expression profile and non‑coding RNA profile of GSE62335, which included five separate GBC tissue samples and five matched adjacent gallbladder normal tissue samples, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in the GBC tissues were identified, following which RNA binding protein analysis was performed using starBase v2...
May 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jenna Mazzoni, Julian R Smith, Sanjid Shahriar, Tyler Cutforth, Bernardo Ceja, Dritan Agalliu
Coordinating angiogenesis with acquisition of tissue-specific properties in endothelial cells is essential for vascular function. In the retina, endothelial cells form a blood-retina barrier by virtue of tight junctions and low transcytosis. While the canonical Norrin/Fz4/Lrp5/6 pathway is essential for angiogenesis, vascular remodeling, and barrier maturation, how these diverse processes are coordinated remains poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that Apcdd1, a negative regulator of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, is expressed in retinal endothelial cells during angiogenesis and barrier formation...
December 6, 2017: Neuron
Qiaowei Fan, Bingrong Liu
PURPOSE: The study aimed to explore the anticancer effects of a novel proteasome inhibitor, ixazomib, on colorectal cancer (CRC) using a combined method of microarray and bioinformatics analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell proliferation was tested by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay for SW620 cells treated with different concentrations of ixazomib and different treatment times. The microarray analysis was conducted for six samples, including three samples of SW620 cells untreated with ixazomib and three samples of SW620 cells treated with ixazomib...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
Weifeng Han, Junpeng Liu
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common type of bone tumor in children and adults. However, the molecular mechanism underlying OS tumorigenesis remains unclear. Here, we report that the expression of APCDD1, a Wnt antagonist, was reduced in OS tissues and cells compared to adjacent normal tissue and osteoblast cells, respectively. Mechanistically, this was due to increased levels of methylation in the promoter region of the APCDD1 gene. Consistently, the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-AZA-dC, reduced DNA methylation in the APCDD1 promoter, and restored APCDD1 expression in OS tissue and cells...
September 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
R Kandimalla, J F Linnekamp, S van Hooff, A Castells, X Llor, M Andreu, R Jover, A Goel, J P Medema
Stage II colon cancer (CC) still remains a clinical challenge with patient stratification for adjuvant therapy (AT) largely relying on clinical parameters. Prognostic biomarkers are urgently needed for better stratification. Previously, we have shown that WNT target genes AXIN2, DKK1, APCDD1, ASCL2 and LGR5 are silenced by DNA methylation and could serve as prognostic markers in stage II CC patients using methylation-specific PCR. Here, we have extended our discovery cohort AMC90-AJCC-II (N=65) and methylation was analyzed by quantitative pyrosequencing...
April 3, 2017: Oncogenesis
Nicole K H Yiew, Tapan K Chatterjee, Yao Liang Tang, Rod Pellenberg, Brian K Stansfield, Zsolt Bagi, David J Fulton, David W Stepp, Weiqin Chen, Vijay Patel, Vinayak M Kamath, Sheldon E Litwin, David Y Hui, Steven M Rudich, Ha Won Kim, Neal L Weintraub
Impaired adipogenic differentiation during diet-induced obesity (DIO) promotes adipocyte hypertrophy and inflammation, thereby contributing to metabolic disease. Adenomatosis polyposis coli down-regulated 1 (APCDD1) has recently been identified as an inhibitor of Wnt signaling, a key regulator of adipogenic differentiation. Here we report a novel role for APCDD1 in adipogenic differentiation via repression of Wnt signaling and an epigenetic linkage between miR-130 and APCDD1 in DIO. APCDD1 expression was significantly up-regulated in mature adipocytes compared with undifferentiated preadipocytes in both human and mouse subcutaneous adipose tissues...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Sanjiv Neupane, Wern-Joo Sohn, Gi-Jeong Gwon, Ki-Rim Kim, Sanggyu Lee, Chang-Hyeon An, Jo-Young Suh, Hong-In Shin, Hitoshi Yamamoto, Sung-Won Cho, Youngkyun Lee, Jae-Young Kim
Adenomatosis polyposis coli downregulated 1 (APCDD1), a negative regulator of Wnt signaling, was examined to understand detailed mechanisms underlying Wnt signaling tooth development. In situ hybridization showed that Apcdd1 was expressed in the condensed mesenchyme at the bud stage, and in the inner enamel epithelium (IEE), including enamel knot (EK) at the cap stage. In vitro organ cultivation by using Apcdd1 antisense oligodeoxynucleotides was performed at E13.5 for 2 days to define the developmental functions of APCDD1 during tooth development...
October 2015: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Hyun Kyoung Lee, Dylan Laug, Wenyi Zhu, Jay M Patel, Kevin Ung, Benjamin R Arenkiel, Stephen P J Fancy, Carrie Mohila, Benjamin Deneen
Wnt signaling plays an essential role in developmental and regenerative myelination of the CNS, therefore it is critical to understand how the factors associated with the various regulatory layers of this complex pathway contribute to these processes. Recently, Apcdd1 was identified as a negative regulator of proximal Wnt signaling, however its role in oligodendrocyte (OL) differentiation and reymelination in the CNS remain undefined. Analysis of Apcdd1 expression revealed dynamic expression during OL development, where its expression is upregulated during differentiation...
October 2015: Glia
S Viale-Bouroncle, C Klingelhöffer, T Ettl, C Morsczeck
In hair follicle cells APCDD1 inhibits the canonical WNT/β-Catenin pathway and its inactivation is associated with an autosomal dominant form of hair loss. We analyzed the role of APCDD1 for the osteogenic differentiation in dental follicle cells (DFCs) and identified a new and surprising function. Contrarily to hair follicle cells APCDD1 was crucial for the expression of β-Catenin and for the activity of the TCF/LEF reporter assay in DFCs. In addition, a depletion of APCDD1 inhibits the expression of osteogenic markers such as RUNX2 and decreased the matrix mineralization...
February 13, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
R C Betz
The monogenic inherited isolated alopecias comprise a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders with decreased or absent hair. Clinical classification of the isolated alopecias is based upon the onset of the disorder, the regions affected, and the structure of the hair shaft. Men and women are equally affected, and the mode of inheritance is autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. Therapy does not exist for these rare forms of alopecia. However, molecular genetic diagnosis is possible for the identification of the genetic causes and for the specification of the recurrence risk...
June 2014: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Qinghang Meng, Chang Jin, Yinglei Chen, Jing Chen, Mario Medvedovic, Ying Xia
Closure of an epithelium opening is a critical morphogenetic event for development. An excellent example for this process is the transient closure of embryonic eyelid. Eyelid closure requires shape change and migration of epithelial cells at the tip of the developing eyelids, and is dictated by numerous signaling pathways. Here we evaluated gene expression in epithelial cells isolated from the tip (leading edge, LE) and inner surface epithelium (IE) of the eyelid from E15.5 mouse fetuses by laser capture microdissection (LCM)...
2014: PloS One
Kei Kamide, Kei Asayama, Tomohiro Katsuya, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Takuo Hirose, Ryusuke Inoue, Hirohito Metoki, Masahiro Kikuya, Taku Obara, Hironori Hanada, Lutgarde Thijs, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Yuichi Noguchi, Ken Sugimoto, Mitsuru Ohishi, Shigeto Morimoto, Takeshi Nakahashi, Shin Takiuchi, Toshihiko Ishimitsu, Takuya Tsuchihashi, Masayoshi Soma, Jitsuo Higaki, Hideo Matsuura, Tatsuo Shinagawa, Toshiyuki Sasaguri, Tetsuro Miki, Kazuo Takeda, Kazuaki Shimamoto, Michio Ueno, Naohisa Hosomi, Jyouji Kato, Norio Komai, Shunichi Kojima, Kazuhiro Sase, Toshiyuki Miyata, Hitonobu Tomoike, Yuhei Kawano, Toshio Ogihara, Hiromi Rakugi, Jan A Staessen, Yutaka Imai
BACKGROUND: Patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension in the HOMED-BP trial were randomly allocated to first-line treatment with a calcium channel blocker (CCB), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB). METHODS: We recruited 265 (93 for CCB, 71 for ACEI and 101 for ARB) patients who completed the genomic study. Home blood pressure was measured for 5 days off-treatment before randomization and for 5 days after 2-4 weeks of randomized drug treatment...
November 2013: Pharmacogenomics
Mujib Ullah, Stefan Stich, Thomas Häupl, Jan Eucker, Michael Sittinger, Jochen Ringe
BACKGROUND: During mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) conversion into adipocytes, the adipogenic cocktail consisting of insulin, dexamethasone, indomethacin and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine not only induces adipogenic-specific but also genes for non-adipogenic processes. Therefore, not all significantly expressed genes represent adipogenic-specific marker genes. So, our aim was to filter only adipogenic-specific out of all expressed genes. We hypothesize that exclusively adipogenic-specific genes change their expression during adipogenesis, and reverse during dedifferentiation...
2013: PloS One
Cristina-Maria Cruciat, Christof Niehrs
Signaling by the Wnt family of secreted glycoproteins plays important roles in embryonic development and adult homeostasis. Wnt signaling is modulated by a number of evolutionarily conserved inhibitors and activators. Wnt inhibitors belong to small protein families, including sFRP, Dkk, WIF, Wise/SOST, Cerberus, IGFBP, Shisa, Waif1, APCDD1, and Tiki1. Their common feature is to antagonize Wnt signaling by preventing ligand-receptor interactions or Wnt receptor maturation. Conversely, the Wnt activators, R-spondin and Norrin, promote Wnt signaling by binding to Wnt receptors or releasing a Wnt-inhibitory step...
March 2013: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
Peng Kang, Hyun Kyoung Lee, Stacey M Glasgow, Meggie Finley, Tataka Donti, Zachary B Gaber, Brett H Graham, Aaron E Foster, Bennett G Novitch, Richard M Gronostajski, Benjamin Deneen
Transcriptional cascades that operate over the course of lineage development are fundamental mechanisms that control cellular differentiation. In the developing central nervous system (CNS), these mechanisms are well characterized during neurogenesis, but remain poorly defined during neural stem cell commitment to the glial lineage. NFIA is a transcription factor that plays a crucial role in the onset of gliogenesis; we found that its induction is regulated by the transcription factor Sox9 and that this relationship mediates the initiation of gliogenesis...
April 12, 2012: Neuron
S K Baniwal, P K Shah, Y Shi, J H Haduong, Y A Declerck, Y Gabet, B Frenkel
UNLABELLED: We profiled the global gene expression of a bone marrow-derived mesenchymal pluripotent cell line in response to Runx2 expression. Besides osteoblast differentiation, Runx2 promoted the osteoclastogenesis of co-cultured splenocytes. This was attributable to the upregulation of many novel osteoclastogenic genes and the downregulation of anti-osteoclastogenic genes. INTRODUCTION: In addition to being a master regulator for osteoblast differentiation, Runx2 controls osteoblast-driven osteoclastogenesis...
April 2012: Osteoporosis International
Myung-Ju Ahn, Hong-Hee Won, Jeeyun Lee, Seung-Tae Lee, Jong-Mu Sun, Yeon Hee Park, Jin Seok Ahn, O Jung Kwon, Hojoong Kim, Young Mog Shim, Jhingook Kim, Kwhanmien Kim, Yeul Hong Kim, Jae Yong Park, Jong-Won Kim, Keunchil Park
The proportion of never smoker non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in Asia is about 30-40%. Despite the striking demographics and high prevalence of never smoker NSCLC, the exact causes still remain undetermined. Although several genome wide association (GWA) studies were conducted to find susceptibility loci for lung cancer in never smokers, no regions were replicated except for 5p15.33, suggesting locus heterogeneity and different environmental toxic effects. To identify genetic loci associated with susceptibility of lung cancer in never smokers, we performed a GWA analysis using the Affymetrix 6...
March 2012: Human Genetics
Dana W Y Tsui, Y M Doris Lam, Wing S Lee, Tak Y Leung, Tze K Lau, Elizabeth T Lau, Mary H Y Tang, Ranjit Akolekar, Kypros H Nicolaides, Rossa W K Chiu, Y M Dennis Lo, Stephen S C Chim
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of fetal aneuploidy by maternal plasma analysis is challenging owing to the low fractional and absolute concentrations of fetal DNA in maternal plasma. Previously, we demonstrated for the first time that fetal DNA in maternal plasma could be specifically targeted by epigenetic (DNA methylation) signatures in the placenta. By comparing one such methylated fetal epigenetic marker located on chromosome 21 with another fetal genetic marker located on a reference chromosome in maternal plasma, we could infer the relative dosage of fetal chromosome 21 and noninvasively detect fetal trisomy 21...
2010: PloS One
Yutaka Shimomura, Dritan Agalliu, Alin Vonica, Victor Luria, Muhammad Wajid, Alessandra Baumer, Serena Belli, Lynn Petukhova, Albert Schinzel, Ali H Brivanlou, Ben A Barres, Angela M Christiano
Hereditary hypotrichosis simplex is a rare autosomal dominant form of hair loss characterized by hair follicle miniaturization. Using genetic linkage analysis, we mapped a new locus for the disease to chromosome 18p11.22, and identified a mutation (Leu9Arg) in the adenomatosis polyposis down-regulated 1 (APCDD1) gene in three families. We show that APCDD1 is a membrane-bound glycoprotein that is abundantly expressed in human hair follicles, and can interact in vitro with WNT3A and LRP5-two essential components of Wnt signalling...
April 15, 2010: Nature
Birgit Zirn, Birgit Samans, Stefanie Wittmann, Thorsten Pietsch, Ivo Leuschner, Norbert Graf, Manfred Gessler
The WNT/beta-catenin pathway is involved in numerous human cancers. Mutations of the CTNNB1 (beta-catenin) gene have also been detected in a subset of pediatric Wilms tumors, but the target genes of the deregulated WNT/beta-catenin pathway in these tumors have yet to be identified. To compare gene expression profiles of Wilms tumors with and without mutations of CTNNB1, we used 11.5-k cDNA microarrays. Most of the tumors (86%) had received preoperative chemotherapy as mandated by the European SIOP protocol...
June 2006: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
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