keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pancreatic cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334562/is-a-pathological-complete-response-following-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-associated-with-prolonged-survival-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer
#1
Jin He, Alex B Blair, Vincent P Groot, Ammar A Javed, Richard A Burkhart, Georgios Gemenetzis, Ralph H Hruban, Kevin M Waters, Justin Poling, Lei Zheng, Daniel Laheru, Joseph M Herman, Martin A Makary, Matthew J Weiss, John L Cameron, Christopher L Wolfgang
OBJECTIVES: To describe the survival outcome of patients with borderline resectable or locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (BR/LA-PDAC) who have a pathologic complete response (pCR) following neoadjuvant chemoradiation. BACKGROUND: Patients with BR/LA-PDAC are often treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation in an attempt to downstage the tumor. Uncommonly, a pCR may result. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database was performed at a single institution...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334560/proposed-modification-of-the-8th-edition-of-the-ajcc-staging-system-for-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#2
Si Shi, Jie Hua, Chen Liang, Qingcai Meng, Dingkong Liang, Jin Xu, Quanxing Ni, Xianjun Yu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to improve the 8th edition (8th) of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). BACKGROUND: The new 8th AJCC staging system for PDAC was released in October, 2016, and will be applied in clinical practice in 2018. METHODS: Two large cohorts were included in this analysis. One consisted of 45,856 PDAC patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (2004-2014), and the other consisted of 3166 PDAC patients in the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (FUSCC) database (2005-2015)...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334554/the-systemic-immune-inflammation-index-independently-predicts-survival-and-recurrence-in-resectable-pancreatic-cancer-and-its-prognostic-value-depends-on-bilirubin-levels-a-retrospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#3
Mohammad Hosein Aziz, Kostandinos Sideras, Nasir Ahmad Aziz, Katya Mauff, Roel Haen, Daphne Roos, Lawlaw Saida, Mustafa Suker, Erwin van der Harst, Jan Sven Mieog, Bert A Bonsing, Yarne Klaver, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Casper H van Eijck
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the prognostic significance of the systemic-immune-inflammation index (SIII) in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer, using cancer-specific survival as the primary outcome. BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is associated with a dysfunctional immune system and poor prognosis. We examined the prognostic significance of the SIII in patients with resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and the effects of bilirubin on this index...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333119/phytotherapeutics-oridonin-and-ponicidin-show-additive-effects-combined-with-irradiation-in-pancreatic-cancer-in-vitro
#4
Jakob Liermann, Patrick Naumann, Franco Fortunato, Thomas E Schmid, Klaus-Josef Weber, Jürgen Debus, Stephanie E Combs
Background: Chemoradiation of locally advanced non-metastatic pancreatic cancer can lead to secondary operability by tumor mass reduction. Here, we analyzed radiomodulating effects of oridonin and ponicidin in pancreatic cancer in vitro. Both agents are ent-kaurane diterpenoids, extracted from Isodon rubescens, a plant that is well known in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Cytotoxic effects have recently been shown in different tumor entities for both agents. Materials and methods: Pancreatic cancer cell lines AsPC-1, BxPC-3, Panc-1 and MIA PaCa-2 were pretreated with oridonin or ponicidin and irradiated with 2 Gy to 6 Gy...
December 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333081/innate-immunity-recovers-earlier-than-acquired-immunity-during-severe-postoperative-immunosuppression
#5
Gunnar Lachmann, Clarissa von Haefen, Johannes Kurth, Fatima Yuerek, Claudia Spies
Background: Postoperative immune suppression, particularly a loss of cell-mediated immunity, is commonly seen after surgery and is associated with worse outcome, i.e. delayed wound healing, infections, sepsis, multiple-organ failure and cancer recurrence. However, the recovery of immune cells focusing on differences between innate and acquired immunity during severe postoperative immunosuppression is not investigated. Methods: In this retrospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) subgroup analysis, 10 postoperatively immune suppressed patients after esophageal or pancreatic resection were analyzed...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332510/localized-autoimmune-pancreatitis-mimicking-pancreatic-cancer-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Wen-Ling Hsu, Shu-Min Chang, Pei-Yin Wu, Chin-Chuan Chang
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AP) is a rare autoimmune pancreatic manifestation of systemic immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related sclerosing disease. Distinguishing between AP and pancreatic cancer is crucial because the clinical courses, treatments, and prognoses of these two disease entities are quite different. We herein report a case involving a 52-year-old man with subacute epigastralgia who visited our hospital for evaluation of a suspicious pancreatic mass found during esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed an enlarged lesion in the pancreatic head with encasement of hepatic vessels...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331883/curative-distal-pancreatectomy-in-patients-with-acinar-cell-carcinoma-of-pancreas-diagnosed-by-endoscopic-aspiration-via-esophago-jejunostomy-a-successful-case-report
#7
Takeomi Hamada, Atsushi Nanashima, Masahide Hiyoshi, Makoto Ikenoue, Naoya Imamura, Koichi Yano, Yoshiro Fujii, Yoshimasa Kubota, Tesshin Ban, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yuichiro Sato
INTRODUCTION: This is a case report on the advances in preoperative endoscopic-guided fine-needle-aspiration (FNA) diagnosis for pancreatic carcinoma to achieve a curative operation even in patients who have a history of total gastrectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old man, who underwent total gastrectomy for gastric cancer 13 years ago, had discomfort in the left lateral abdomen. A 3-cm hypovascular mass accompanying a large distal pseudocyst in the pancreatic tail was observed on computed tomography...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331808/simultaneous-inhibition-of-hedgehog-signaling-and-tumor-proliferation-remodels-stroma-and-enhances-pancreatic-cancer-therapy
#8
Jun Zhao, Huamin Wang, Cheng-Hui Hsiao, Diana S-L Chow, Eugene J Koay, Yaan Kang, Xiaoxia Wen, Qian Huang, Ying Ma, James A Bankson, Stephen E Ullrich, Willem Overwijk, Anirban Maitra, David Piwnica-Worms, Jason B Fleming, Chun Li
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest cancers. It has an excessive desmoplastic stroma that can limit the intratumoral delivery of chemotherapy drugs, and protect tumor cells against radiotherapy. Therefore, both stromal and tumor compartments need to be addressed in order to effectively treat PDAC. We hereby co-deliver a sonic hedgehog inhibitor, cyclopamine (CPA), and a cytotoxic chemotherapy drug paclitaxel (PTX) with a polymeric micelle formulation (M-CPA/PTX). CPA can deplete the stroma-producing cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), while PTX can inhibit tumor proliferation...
January 9, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331423/thymidylate-synthase-prompts-metastatic-progression-through-the-dtmp-associated-emt-process-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#9
Muxing Kang, Wen Zheng, Qing Chen, Wenjie Qin, Pengping Li, Shifei Huang, Yizhao Zhou, Lantian Wang, Haolei Cai, Wenjie Lu, Biao Jiang, Qingqu Guo, Jian Chen, Dylan Wan, Jianyu Rao, Yulian Wu
As a fundamental metabolic enzyme, anti-Thymidylate synthase (TS) strategy has been shown to be an effective therapy for human cancers. However, the genuine effects of TS in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) are still conflicting. We systemically assessed the prognostic value and whether TS associated with malignant progression in PDA. Protein and mRNA expression level of TS were evaluated in en bloc PDA samples, the prognostic effect of TS expressed in cytoplasm or cytonuclear was determined separately in the first time...
January 10, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331400/locally-advanced-pancreas-cancer-staging-and-goals-of-therapy
#10
Nikolaos A Chatzizacharias, Susan Tsai, Michael Griffin, Parag Tolat, Paul Ritch, Ben George, Chad Barnes, Mohammed Aldakkak, Abdul H Khan, William Hall, Beth Erickson, Douglas B Evans, Kathleen K Christians
BACKGROUND: Patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer have historically been considered inoperable. The purpose of this report was to determine resectability rates for patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer based on our recently described definitions of type A and type B locally advanced pancreatic cancer. METHODS: An institutional prospective pancreas cancer database was queried for consecutive patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer treated between January 2009 and June 2017...
January 10, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331027/mir-137-functions-as-a-tumor-suppressor-in-pancreatic-cancer-by-targeting-mrgbp
#11
Feng Ding, Shuang Zhang, Shaoyang Gao, Jian Shang, Yanxia Li, Ning Cui, Qiu Zhao
miRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that act as critical epigenetic regulators in tumor carcinogenesis. In this study, our data showed that miR-137 was significantly downregulated in 58 pairs of human pancreatic cancer (PanCa) tissues and PanCa cell lines. Furthermore, the deregulated miR-137 was correlated with increased tumor size, higher TNM stage, and worse prognosis in pancreatic cancer. Functional studies demonstrated that overexpression of miR-137 dramatically suppressed cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis in vitro...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330807/evaluation-of-macrophage-polarization-in-pancreatic-cancer-microenvironment-under-hypoxia
#12
Kuldeep S Attri, Kamiya Mehla, Pankaj K Singh
Hypoxic microenvironment found in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and other solid tumors is central to physiological and metabolic alterations of immune cells that significantly impact tumor growth dynamics. Hypoxic adaptations in the immune cells are primarily mediated by the stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α), which regulates cellular metabolism by modulating glycolysis and other interconnected metabolic pathways. HIF-1α plays distinct roles in M1 and M2 macrophage polarization, which, in turn, regulates tumor cell immune escape and growth...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330794/hypoxia-mediated-in-vivo-tumor-glucose-uptake-measurement-and-analysis
#13
Surendra K Shukla, Scott E Mulder, Pankaj K Singh
Most solid tumors are hypoxic in nature due to the limited supply of oxygen to internal tissues. Hypoxia plays an important role in metabolic adaptations of tumors that contribute significantly to cancer pathogenesis. Among the several metabolic alterations induced by hypoxia, hypoxia-mediated increased glucose uptake serves as the hallmark of metabolic reprogramming. Hypoxia-mediated stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) transcription factor leads to altered expression of several glycolytic genes and glucose transporters, which results in increased glucose uptake by tumor cells...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330793/hypoxia-induced-metabolomic-alterations-in-pancreatic-cancer-cells
#14
Venugopal Gunda, Sushil Kumar, Aneesha Dasgupta, Pankaj K Singh
Hypoxic conditions in the pancreatic tumor microenvironment lead to the stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α), which acts as the master regulator of cancer cell metabolism. HIF-1α-mediated metabolic reprogramming results in large-scale metabolite perturbations. Characterization of the metabolic intermediates and the corresponding metabolic pathways altered by HIF-1α would facilitate the identification of therapeutic targets for hypoxic microenvironments prevalent in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and other solid tumors...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330792/evaluating-the-metabolic-impact-of-hypoxia-on-pancreatic-cancer-cells
#15
Divya Murthy, Enza Vernucci, Gennifer Goode, Jaime Abrego, Pankaj K Singh
Hypoxia is frequently observed in human cancers and induces global metabolic reprogramming that includes an increase in glucose uptake and glycolysis, alterations in NAD(P)H/NAD(P)+ and intracellular ATP levels, and increased utilization of glutamine as the major precursor for fatty acid synthesis. In this chapter, we describe in detail various physiological assays that have been adopted to study the metabolic shift propagated by exposure to hypoxic conditions in pancreatic cell culture model that includes glucose uptake, glutamine uptake, and lactate release by pancreatic cancer cell lines...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330203/personalized-rna-medicine-for-pancreatic-cancer
#16
Maud-Emmanuelle Gilles, Liangliang Hao, Ling Huang, Rajesha Rupaimoole, Pedro P Lopez-Casas, Emilia Pulver, Jong Cheol Jeong, Senthil K Muthuswamy, Manuel Hidalgo, Sangeeta N Bhatia, Frank J Slack
PURPOSE: Since drug responses vary between patients, it is crucial to develop pre-clinical or co-clinical strategies that forecast patient response. In this study, we tested whether RNA-based therapeutics were suitable for personalized medicine by using patient-derived-organoid (PDO) and patient-derived-xenograft (PDX) models.  Experimental Design: We performed microRNA (miRNA) profiling of PDX samples to determine the status of miRNA deregulation in individual pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330039/age-as-a-prognostic-indicator-for-adjuvant-therapy-in-patients-who-underwent-pancreatic-resections-for-cancer
#17
Alicia Eubanks, Julie Pepe, Paula Veldhuis, Sebastian G de la Fuente
PURPOSE: In pancreatic cancer, the greatest increase in survival is attained by surgical resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. Although surgical complications and functional status are recognized as independent factors for halting adjuvant therapy in patients that undergo pancreatic resections, other elements may play a role in deciding which patients get treated postoperatively. Here we determined demographic and clinical characteristics of patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy, with the primary intent to investigate if age alone affects rates of adjuvant therapy...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329547/microfluidic-co-culture-of-pancreatic-tumor-spheroids-with-stellate-cells-as-a-novel-3d-model-for-investigation-of%C3%A2-stroma-mediated-cell-motility-and-drug-resistance
#18
Ji-Hyun Lee, Seul-Ki Kim, Iftikhar Ali Khawar, Su-Yeong Jeong, Seok Chung, Hyo-Jeong Kuh
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs), a major component of the tumor microenvironment in pancreatic cancer, play roles in cancer progression as well as drug resistance. Culturing various cells in microfluidic (microchannel) devices has proven to be a useful in studying cellular interactions and drug sensitivity. Here we present a microchannel plate-based co-culture model that integrates tumor spheroids with PSCs in a three-dimensional (3D) collagen matrix to mimic the tumor microenvironment in vivo by recapitulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition and chemoresistance...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329518/the-use-of-eculizumab-in-gemcitabine-induced-thrombotic-microangiopathy
#19
Vinod Krishnappa, Mohit Gupta, Haikoo Shah, Abhijit Das, Natthavat Tanphaichitr, Robert Novak, Rupesh Raina
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) secondary to gemcitabine therapy (GiTMA) is a very rare pathology that carries a poor prognosis, with nearly half of the cases progressing to end stage renal disease. GiTMA is most commonly associated with adenocarcinomas, most notably pancreatic cancers. The mainstay of management is withdrawal of the offending drug and supportive care. Plasmapheresis has a limited role and hemodialysis may help in the management of fluid overload secondary to renal failure...
January 12, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329392/risk-of-pancreatic-cancer-associated-with-family-history-of-cancer-and-other-medical-conditions-by-accounting-for-smoking-among-relatives
#20
E Molina-Montes, P Gomez-Rubio, M Márquez, M Rava, M Löhr, C W Michalski, X Molero, A Farré, J Perea, W Greenhalf, L Ilzarbe, M O'Rorke, A Tardón, T Gress, V M Barberà, T Crnogorac-Jurcevic, E Domínguez-Muñoz, L Muñoz-Bellvís, J Balsells, E Costello, J Huang, M Iglesias, J Kleeff, Bo Kong, J Mora, L Murray, D O'Driscoll, I Poves, A Scarpa, W Ye, M Hidalgo, L Sharp, A Carrato, F X Real, N Malats
Background: Family history (FH) of pancreatic cancer (PC) has been associated with an increased risk of PC, but little is known regarding the role of inherited/environmental factors or that of FH of other comorbidities in PC risk. We aimed to address these issues using multiple methodological approaches. Methods: Case-control study including 1431 PC cases and 1090 controls and a reconstructed-cohort study (N = 16 747) made up of their first-degree relatives (FDR)...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
702
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"