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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739228/listeria-monocytogenes-in-raw-milk-milking-equipment-and-dairy-workers-molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns
#1
Asmaa B M B Tahoun, Rasha M M Abou Elez, Eman N Abdelfatah, Ibrahim Elsohaby, Attia A El-Gedawy, Ahmed M Elmoslemany
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic relatedness and patterns of antimicrobial resistance amongst L. monocytogenes isolated from raw milk, milking equipment, and hand swabs from farm workers in dairy farms. METHODS: A total of 300 samples of raw milk, milking equipment, and hand swabs were collected from four dairy farms to examine the presence of Listeria species. Suspected isolates were further identified by VITEK-2 system and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729208/detection-of-multidrug-resistant-mdr-bacteria-in-untreated-waste-water-disposals-of-hospitals-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh
#2
M A G Rabbani, Md Zakir Hossain Hawlader, Yearul Kabir
BACKGROUND: Emergence of MDR bacteria is a global problem and a major burden for treatment of various infectious diseases. This study was performed to detect antibiotic resistant bacteria in untreated hospital waste. METHOD: Waste water samples were collected from sewerage disposal points of two renowned hospital of Dhaka city and a total of 59 Escherichia coli and 29 Klebsiella pneumonia isolates were isolated. Antibiotic susceptibility were measured by disc diffusion method...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722485/characterization-of-nontyphoidal-salmonella-isolates-from-asymptomatic-migrant-food-handlers-in-peninsular-malaysia
#3
Pei Yee Woh, Kwai Lin Thong, Jerzy Marian Behnke, John Watkin Lewis, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
Asymptomatic Salmonella carriers who work as food handlers pose food safety and public health risks, particularly during food preparation, and this has serious implications for the disease burden in society. Therefore, we conducted a study to determine the number of Salmonella carriers in a migrant cohort in several food establishments in three major cities in Peninsular Malaysia. Sociodemographic data and stool samples were collected and analyzed using standard methods of detection and isolation. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests of the positive samples were also performed...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717851/multidrug-resistant-salmonellae-isolated-in-japanese-quails-reared-in-abeokuta-nigeria
#4
Ezekiel O Omoshaba, F O Olufemi, O E Ojo, A O Sonibare, M Agbaje
Salmonellosis is a major bacterial disease causing huge economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. This study was carried out to determine the period prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella enterica in Japanese quails in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Four hundred cloacal swabs of quail birds were collected from 4 locations within Abeokuta. Salmonella was isolated from the samples using conventional methods for selective isolation of Salmonella and biochemical identification. Isolates were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction assays for the amplification and detection of Salmonella-associated virulence genes (invA and stn) using specific primers...
July 17, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716762/selective-window-application-of-gentamicin-dexamethasone-in-meniere-s-disease
#5
Fazıl Necdet Ardıç, Funda Tümkaya, Kamil Aykal, Burçin Çabuk
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to prevent hearing loss when using intratympanic (IT) gentamicin for intractable Meniere's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a retrospective case review study. Twenty five patients who had definite Meniere's disease and had either selective window application or weekly IT gentamicin were included into the study. First group (selective) had dexamethasone on the round window and gentamicin on oval window during exploratory tympanotomy procedure...
July 17, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712173/surgical-site-infection-in-orthopaedic-implants-and-its-common-bacteria-with-their-sensitivities-to-antibiotics-in-open-reduction-internal-fixation
#6
Muhammad Qaisar Shah, Muhammad Shoib Zardad, Alamzeb Khan, Sajjad Ahmed, Abdus Saboor Awan, Taj Mohammad
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection in orthopaedic implants is a major problem, causing long hospital stay, cost to the patient and is a burden on health care facilities. It increases rate of nonunion, osteomyelitis, implant failure, sepsis, multiorgan dysfunction and even death. Surgical site infection is defined as pain, erythema, swelling and discharge from wound site. Surgical site infection in orthopaedic implants is more challenging to the treating orthopaedic surgeon as the causative organism is protected by a biofilm over the implant's surface...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664712/comparative-study-on-usefulness-of-gentamycin-containing-collagen-implants-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-osteitis-and-osteomyelitis-of-the-craniofacial-skeleton
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Paweł J Zawadzki, Konrad Perkowski, Michał Kotlarski, Anna Pietruczuk-Padzik, Lidia Chomicz
<b>Introduction and objective.</b> A reduction in incidences of peri-surgical complications due to infections is achieved by antibiotic prophylaxis The objective of the study was to assess the usefulness of gentamycin-containing collagen implants (GCCI) in the treatment of patients with osteitis and osteomyelitis of the craniofacial skeleton. <b>Materials and method.</b> The retrospective study included 103 patients with osteitis and osteomyelitis. 54 patients were treated intra-operatively with GCCI (Garamycin, EusaPharma, Europe)...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662145/prevalence-and-antibiotic-resistance-profiles-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-pathogens-in-children-with-acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-yunnan-province-china-2012-2015
#8
Hongchao Jiang, Min Su, Liyue Kui, Hailin Huang, Lijuan Qiu, Li Li, Jing Ma, Tingyi Du, Mao Fan, Qiangming Sun, Xiaomei Liu
Acute bacterial meningitis is still considered one of the most dangerous infectious diseases in children. To investigate the prevalence and antibiotic resistance profiles of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathogens in children with acute bacterial meningitis in Southwest China, CSF samples from 179 meningitis patients (3 days to 12 years old) with positive culture results were collected from 2012 to 2015. Isolated pathogens were identified using the Vitek-32 system. Gram stain results were used to guide subcultures and susceptibility testing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653923/kitchen-phytochemicals-from-allium-cepa-their-role-in-multidrug-resistance
#9
Gunpreet Kaur, Vikas Gupta, Ajay Francis Christopher, Renu Bansal, Parveen Bansal
Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is increasingly becoming a concern to public health. Current antibiotics have failed to bring desirable results to many bacterial infections due to multi-resistant strains. So, concerted efforts are being made to curve this with the help of dietary phytohemicals. A number of dietary phytochemical are being put to trials for antimicrobial activity; however it is worthwhile to search such a part of diet that is very frequently used by major population. Keeping this view in mind an effort has been made to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of most common vegetable component Allium cepa...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615866/virulence-assay-and-role-of-bacillus-thuringiensis-ts110-as-biocontrol-agent-against-the-larval-stages-of-rice-leaffolder-cnaphalocrocis-medinalis
#10
Tuhin Subhra Ghosh, Soumendranath Chatterjee, Syed Afrin Azmi, Abhijit Mazumdar, Tushar Kanti Dangar
The bacterial isolate Bacillus thuringiensis TS110 was isolated from the rice field soil of Burdwan district, West Bengal, India. Bioassay test of the bacteria TS110 against 3rd, 4th and 5th instar larvae of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis was carried out. Cut leaf assay, potted plant assay and field assay were done. During filed assay, it has been observed that the LC50 (×10(7)) values of TS110 against 3rd, 4th and 5th instar larvae of C. medinalis were 3.77, 5.29, 4.83 and 4.93, 4.42, 4.72 in dry and wet season, respectively...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535440/management-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-with-a-new-antibiotic-adjuvant-entity-ceftriaxone-sulbactam-disodium-edetate-a-novel-approach-to-spare-carbapenems
#11
Prachee Sathe, Sagar Maddani, Shilpa Kulkarni, Nita Munshi
BACKGROUND: Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most serious nosocomial infections in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The aim of this study was to evaluate a new approach to spare the carbapenems for the management of patients diagnosed with VAP due to Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii). METHOD: This retrospective study was conducted on VAP patients presenting for treatment at tertiary care centre between May 2014 and March 2016. The case sheets of patients who have been treated for VAP with meropenem, antibiotic adjuvant entity (AAE) and colistin were analysed...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533857/antibiogram-profile-of-uropathogens-isolated-at-bahir-dar-regional-health-research-laboratory-centre-northwest-ethiopia
#12
Awoke Derbie, Derese Hailu, Daniel Mekonnen, Bayeh Abera, Gashaw Yitayew
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance among bacteria that cause urinary tract infection (UTI) has been increasing since the introduction of chemotherapy. This study was aimed to assess the types of isolates from patients with UTI and to determine their current antimicrobial susceptibility profile. METHODS: A record based retrospective analysis of bacterial uropathogens processed in the period of January 2012 to December 2014 at Bahir Dar Health Research Laboratory Center (BRHRLC) was determined...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527697/antibiotics-induce-mitonuclear-protein-imbalance-but-fail-to-inhibit-respiration-and-nutrient-activation-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#13
Jaime Santo-Domingo, Isabelle Chareyron, Charlotte Broenimann, Steve Lassueur, Andreas Wiederkehr
Chloramphenicol and several other antibiotics targeting bacterial ribosomes inhibit mitochondrial protein translation. Inhibition of mitochondrial protein synthesis leads to mitonuclear protein imbalance and reduced respiratory rates as confirmed here in HeLa and PC12 cells. Unexpectedly, respiration in INS-1E insulinoma cells and primary human islets was unaltered in the presence of chloramphenicol. Resting respiratory rates and glucose stimulated acceleration of respiration were also not lowered when a range of antibiotics including, thiamphenicol, streptomycin, gentamycin and doxycycline known to interfere with bacterial protein synthesis were tested...
May 17, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479906/factors-associated-with-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-among-adults-attending-assessment-centre-mulago-hospital-uganda
#14
Deus Kabugo, Samuel Kizito, Dave Dhara Ashok, Kiwanuka Alexander Graham, Ronald Nabimba, Sandra Namunana, M Richard Kabaka, Beatrice Achan, Florence C Najjuka
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are a common medical problem affecting the general population and thus commonly encountered in medical practice, with the global burden of UTIs at about 150 million people. Because uropathogens largely originate from colonic flora, they are easy to predict, and this is the rationale for empirical treatment in Community Acquired-UTI (CA-UTIs). With the increasing prevalence of drug-resistant bacteria among adults with CA-UTI in Uganda, it is no longer adequate to manage CA-UTIs on empiric regimen without revising the susceptibility patterns of common CA-UTI causative agents...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476714/investigation-of-anti-proliferative-and-antioxidative-effects-of-some-bis-%C3%AE-amino-phosphinic-acid-derivatives
#15
Taner Dastan, Sevgi Durna Dastan, Mehmet Atas, Cahit Orek, Pelin Koparir, Akif Evren Parlak, Inanc Baral, Metin Koparir, Ahmet Cetin
Aminophosphinic acids which are organophosphorus compounds widely investigated for potential production of antibacterial, antitumor and antiviral materials. In vitro antioxidant, cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities of synthesized novel compounds of 8 different bis(β-amino alkyl)phosphinic acids (4a-h) were investigated on MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma cell and human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) cultures. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were evaluated as an indication of lipid peroxidation in cell cultures for antioxidant capacities...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469611/n2-gas-flushing-limits-the-rise-of-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria-in-bovine-raw-milk-during-cold-storage
#16
Patricia Munsch-Alatossava, Susanna Jääskeläinen, Tapani Alatossava, Jean-Pierrre Gauchi
Antibiotic resistance has been noted to be a major and increasing human health issue. Cold storage of raw milk promotes the thriving of psychrotrophic/psychrotolerant bacteria, which are well known for their ability to produce enzymes that are frequently heat stable. However, these bacteria also carry antibiotic resistance (AR) features. In places, where no cold chain facilities are available and despite existing recommendations numerous adulterants, including antibiotics, are added to raw milk. Previously, N2 gas flushing showed real potential for hindering bacterial growth in raw milk at a storage temperature ranging from 6 to 25°C...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464890/comparison-of-the-capacity-between-public-and-private-health-facilities-to-manage-under-five-children-with-febrile-illnesses-in-uganda
#17
Esther Buregyeya, Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Phillip LaRussa, Sham Lal, Sîan E Clarke, Kristian S Hansen, Pascal Magnussen, Anthony K Mbonye
BACKGROUND: Public health facilities are usually the first to receive interventions compared to private facilities, yet majority of health seeking care is first done with the latter. This study compared the capacity to manage acute febrile illnesses in children below 5 years in private vs public health facilities in order to design interventions to improve quality of care. METHODS: A survey was conducted within 57 geographical areas (parishes), from August to October 2014 in Mukono district, central Uganda...
May 2, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454589/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-staphylococcus-in-dairy-farms-abattoir-and-humans-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#18
Takele Beyene, Halefom Hayishe, Fikru Gizaw, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Fufa Abunna, Bedaso Mammo, Dinka Ayana, Hika Waktole, Reta Duguma Abdi
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus species cause mastitis and wound infection in livestock and food poisoning in humans through ingestion of contaminated foods, including meat and dairy products. They are evolving pathogens in that they readily acquire drug resistance, and multiple drug-resistant (MDR) isolates are increasing in human and veterinary healthcare. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of Staphylococci and their drug resistance in dairy farms and abattoir settings of Addis Ababa...
April 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451019/prevalence-aetiology-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-profile-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-isolates-from-pregnant-women-in-selected-antenatal-clinic-from-nairobi-kenya
#19
Adelaide Ogutu Ayoyi, Gideon Kikuvi, Christine Bii, Samuel Kariuki
INTRODUCTION: Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is the presence of bacteria in urine without apparent symptoms of urinary tract infections. The importance of asymptomatic bacteriuria lies in the insight it provides into symptomatic infections. To determine prevalence, bacterial isolates and Antibiotic Sensitivity Profile of asymptomatic bacterial urinary tract infection in pregnant women in selected clinics in Nairobi. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving women attending antenatal clinic at selected clinics of Nairobi County...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451018/infective-endocarditis-in-principal-hospital-of-dakar-a-retrospective-study-of-42-cases-over-10-years
#20
Djibril Marie Ba, Mouhamed Cherif Mboup, Nafissatou Zeba, Khadidiatou Dia, Awa Ndaw Fall, Fatou Fall, Pape Diadie Fall, Sara Boury Gning
Infective Endocarditis (IE) is an endocardial infection usually caused by bacteria that affects not only the native heart valves but also, with increasing frequency intravascular implanted devices and congenital heart diseases. Despite medical advances, IE remains a life-threatening disease with substantial morbidity and mortality. In Africa, its diagnosis and treatment are still a major challenge in clinical practice. The objective of this work was to study the epidemiological, clinical features, diagnostic techniques currently used in medical practice and the range of micro-organisms that are responsible...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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