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supraventricular arrhythmias

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726656/anxiety-levels-in-patients-with-paroxy-smal-supraventricular-tachycardia-in-relation-with-the-patient-demographics-type-of-supraventricular-tachycardia-and-their-personality-type
#1
G Papiashvili, N Tabagari-Bregvadze, J Brugada
The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of different personality types and state and trait anxiety levels in patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia and their association with patients age, gender and the mechanism of the paroxysmal SVT. 62 patients with documented paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia who underwent endocardial eletrophysiological study and catheter ablation of the paroxysmal SVT were included in the study. The patients were asked to fill out the Myers-Brigss Type Indicator and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory questionnaires and the results were analyzed and correlated with the arrhythmia mechanism determined during electrophysiological study and catheter ablation procedure, and the patients' demographics (age and gender)...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720014/the-impact-of-intrauterine-treatment-on-fetal-tachycardia-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#2
Keiko Ueda, Yasuki Maeno, Takekazu Miyoshi, Noboru Inamura, Motoyoshi Kawataki, Mio Taketazu, Masaki Nii, Akiko Hagiwara, Hitoshi Horigome, Makio Shozu, Wataru Shimizu, Satoshi Yasukochi, Hitoshi Yoda, Isao Shiraishi, Heima Sakaguchi, Shinji Katsuragi, Haruhiko Sago, Tomoaki Ikeda
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical course of fetal tachycardia and analyze the impact of intrauterine treatment on the postnatal treatment and patient outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of cases of fetal tachycardia that occurred from 2004 to 2006. Data were collected from questionnaires that were sent to all 750 secondary or tertiary perinatal care centers in Japan. RESULTS: Eighty-two cases (14 with fetal hydrops) were analyzed (supraventricular tachycardia [SVT], n = 52; atrial flutter [AFL], n = 23; and ventricular tachycardia, n = 7)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717071/anti-mitochondrial-m2-antibodies-enhance-the-risk-of-supraventricular-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-elevated-hepatobiliary-enzyme-levels
#3
Hiroki Konishi, Koji Fukuzawa, Shumpei Mori, Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi, Kunihiko Kiuchi, Atsushi Suzuki, Yoshihiko Yano, Akihiro Yoshida, Ken-Ichi Hirata
Objective Supraventricular arrhythmias are commonly detected in patients with anti-mitochondrial antibody M2 (AMA-M2)-associated myopathy. However, the prevalence of supraventricular arrhythmias in unselected AMA-M2-positive patients and the impact of AMA-M2 on supraventricular arrhythmias have yet to be fully investigated. Methods We analyzed 384 patients (116 men; age, 60 [48-69] years), who underwent AMA-M2 testing following the detection of elevated hepatobiliary enzymes. Supraventricular arrhythmias involving atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, atrial tachycardia, sick sinus syndrome, and atrial standstill were confirmed by a 12-lead electrocardiogram, 24-hour ambulatory monitoring, and physician-assigned diagnoses within the three years before and two years after the AMA-M2 test...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716870/necrotising-enterocolitis-after-supraventricular-tachycardia-an-unusual-precursor-to-a-common-problem
#4
Jennie Saini, Aideen Moore, Kate Hodgson
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common neonatal arrhythmia. Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a disease with multifactorial aetiology, most common in preterm infants. There are three previous case reports in the literature of NEC following neonatal SVT. We present two cases of late preterm infants with NEC, characterised by pneumatosis on abdominal X-ray and ultrasound, following recurrent SVT without haemodynamic instability. The infants were successfully treated with antibiotic therapy and bowel rest...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711964/utility-of-echocardiography-in-detecting-silent-complications-after-pediatric-catheter-ablations
#5
Shahnawaz M Amdani, Salaam Sallaam, Peter P Karpawich, Sanjeev Aggarwal
Although transcatheter arrhythmia ablation (TCA) has been performed in children for over two decades, guidelines for routine use of post-ablation transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) are absent. We sought to determine the efficacy of TTE after apparently uneventful TCA procedures in detecting adverse findings and identify predisposing factors. A retrospective review of clinical and procedural data on patients who underwent TCA for supraventricular arrhythmias from 2000 to 2015 was performed. Pre- and post-ablation TTE data were reviewed...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707575/bayes-syndrome-and-imaging-techniques
#6
Ivan Hernandez Betancor, Maria Manuela Izquierdo-Gomez, Javier Garcia Niebla, Ignacio Laynez-Cerdeña, Martin Jesus Garcia-Gonzalez, Antonio Barragan-Acea, Jose Luis Iribarren-Sarriá, Juan Jose Jimenez-Rivera, Juan Lacalzada-Almeida
Interatrial block (IAB) is due to disruption in the Bachmann region (BR). According to whether interatrial electrical conduction is delayed or completely blocked through the BR, it can be classified as IAB of first, second or third degree. On the surface electrocardiogram, a P wave ≥ 120 ms (partial IAB) is observed or associated to the prolongation of the P wave with a biphasic (positive / negative) morphology in the inferior leads (advanced IAB). Bayes syndrome is defined as an advanced IAB associated with atrial arrhythmia, more specifically atrial fibrillation...
July 13, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706900/extrapleural-pneumonectomy-epp-vs-pleurectomy-decortication-p-d
#7
REVIEW
Hasan Fevzi Batirel
Surgical techniques for treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) have improved over the decades. The main surgical principle was accepted as macroscopic complete resection. This principle was achieved with extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) and extended pleurectomy/decortication (P/D). Mortality and morbidity are higher following EPP with supraventricular arrhythmias, pulmonary embolism, bronchopleural fistula and pulmonary failure being the most common, while prolonged air leak is frequent following P/D...
June 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688240/magnesium-status-and-magnesium-therapy-in-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-focusing-on-arrhythmia-prevention
#8
REVIEW
Jessica L Fairley, Ling Zhang, Neil J Glassford, Rinaldo Bellomo
PURPOSE: To investigate magnesium as prophylaxis or treatment of postoperative arrhythmias in cardiac surgery (CS) patients. To assess impact on biochemical and patient-centered outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, CENTRAL and EMBASE electronic databases from 1975 to October 2015 using terms related to magnesium and CS. English-Language RCTs were included involving adults undergoing CS with parenterally administered magnesium to treat or prevent arrhythmias, compared to control or standard antiarrythmics...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680407/cardiac-ion-channel-regulation-in-obesity-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-relevance-to-long-qt-syndrome-and-atrial-fibrillation
#9
REVIEW
Ademuyiwa S Aromolaran, Mohamed Boutjdir
Obesity and its associated metabolic dysregulation leading to metabolic syndrome is an epidemic that poses a significant public health problem. More than one-third of the world population is overweight or obese leading to enhanced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality. Obesity predisposes to atrial fibrillation, ventricular, and supraventricular arrhythmias; conditions that are underlain by dysfunction in electrical activity of the heart. To date, current therapeutic options for cardiomyopathy of obesity are limited, suggesting that there is considerable room for development of therapeutic interventions with novel mechanisms of action that will help normalize rhythm in obese patients...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667725/right-atrial-diverticulosis-and-early-onset-arrhythmia-rare-cause-of-incessant-neonatal-arrhythmia
#10
Neeraj Aggarwal, Raja Joshi, Reena K Joshi, Mridul Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Atrial flutter not responding to medications could be secondary to structural malformations of heart. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: A 5-year-old child with resistant arrhythmia, with onset in neonatal period. OBSERVATIONS: Multiple right atrial diverticuli were detected on CT angiography and cardiac catheterization. Patient reverted to sinus rhythm following surgical excision of diverticuli. MESSAGE: In cases of intractable supraventricular tachycardia, structural anomalies of atrium should be suspected...
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649498/oversensing-of-an-unexpected-atrial-flutter-a-new-tool-to-improve-detection-of-supraventricular-arrhythmias-in-subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators
#11
Luca Santini, Augusto Pappalardo, Valentina Schirripa, Nicola Danisi, Giovanni B Forleo, Fabrizio Ammirati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645513/atrial-fibrillation-current-therapies
#12
REVIEW
Romain Pariaut
A rate control or a rhythm control strategy can be applied to the management of atrial fibrillation. Rate control of atrial fibrillation consists of decreasing the ventricular response rate by limiting the number of supraventricular impulses that can travel through the atrioventricular node. The goal of decreasing heart rate in dogs with atrial fibrillation is usually achieved with a combination of the calcium channel blocker diltiazem and digoxin. Rhythm control of atrial fibrillation encompasses pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic methods to terminate the arrhythmia and restore sinus rhythm...
June 20, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643175/-clinical-aspects-of-treatment-with-amiodarone
#13
REVIEW
W Haverkamp, C Israel, A Parwani
Amiodarone has multiple and complex electrophysiological effects that render it a very effective antiarrhythmic drug for the treatment of both, supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias. Proarrhythmic effects of amiodarone in patients with structural heart disease are rare. However, extracardiac adverse effects occurring in association with amiodarone treatment are frequent and feared. These adverse effects have usually been related to total amiodarone exposure (i. e., dose and duration of treatment)...
June 22, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642714/comparative-effectiveness-of-acupuncture-and-antiarrhythmic-drugs-for-the-prevention-of-cardiac-arrhythmias-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Yanda Li, Hector Barajas-Martinez, Bo Li, Yonghong Gao, Zhenpeng Zhang, Hongcai Shang, Yanwei Xing, Dan Hu
Introduction and Objectives: This study was designed to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment for arrhythmia compared to existing drug therapy. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified through searches of the MEDLINE, CNKI, Embase, and Cochrane databases (1970 through 2016) and hand searches of cross-references from original articles and reviews. Clinical trials that randomized arrhythmia patients to acupuncture therapy vs. conventional drugs, sham acupuncture, or bed rest were included for analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639986/chitinase-3-like-protein-1-ykl-40-before-and-after-therapy-in-supraventricular-arrhythmias
#15
Nikolaos Michelakakis, Georgios J Neroutsos, Anastasia S Perpinia, Dimitrios Farmakis, Eugenia G Voukouti, Apostolos J Karavidas, John Parissis, Maria T Georgiakaki, Vlassios N Pyrgakis
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory glycoprotein chitinase-3-like protein 1 or YKL-40 has emerged as a potential biomarker of cardiovascular diseases, including atrial fibrillation (AFib). We sought to assess YKL-40 in a wide spectrum of supraventricular arrhythmias besides AFib in comparison with other inflammatory markers. METHODS: We determined serum levels of YKL-40, C-reactive protein (CRP) and IL-6 in 70 patients with AFib, atrial flutter, atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia or other supraventricular tachycardias before, immediately after therapy and 1 week after therapy; 20 healthy patients served as controls...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638298/uncertainty-of-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-in-chest-pain-risk-stratification
#16
Htoo Kyaw, Sivacharan Buddhavarapu, Joseph Abboud, Deepika Misra
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is a common presenting symptom in the emergency department (ED). Although the diagnostic workup for chest pain is well established, the best time to perform invasive cardiac catheterization in patients with low to moderate risk of coronary artery disease is still unclear, particularly if noninvasive tests such as the electrocardiogram (ECG) and nuclear myocardial perfusion scan show nonsignificant findings. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 52-year-old female who presented to the ED with acute-onset chest pain that had started early in the morning while she was sleeping...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617528/influence-of-ablation-therapy-on-the-quality-of-life-in-children-with-supraventricular-tachycardia
#17
E Szafran, A Baszko, A Bukowska-Posadzy, A Łaźniak, T Moszura, A Siwińska, J Walkowiak, W Bobkowski
OBJECTIVE: Numerous restrictions, which are imposed on children with arrhythmia, influence their quality of life (QoL) and may have a negative impact on their further development. Ablation is a highly successful treatment leaving patients free from arrhythmia and other related limitations. There are very few studies evaluating the influence of ablation on the QoL in children with arrhythmia, based on small groups of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of ablation on the QoL in children with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT)...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611030/association-between-mutation-size-and-cardiac-involvement-in-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-an-analysis-of-the-dm1-heart-registry
#18
Caroline Chong-Nguyen, Karim Wahbi, Vincent Algalarrondo, Henri Marc Bécane, Hélène Radvanyi-Hoffman, Pauline Arnaud, Denis Furling, Arnaud Lazarus, Guillaume Bassez, Anthony Béhin, Abdallah Fayssoil, Pascal Laforêt, Tanya Stojkovic, Bruno Eymard, Denis Duboc
BACKGROUND: In myotonic dystrophy type 1, the association between mutation size (CTG expansion) and the severity of cardiac involvement is controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS: We selected 855 patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (women, 51%; median age, 37 years), with genetic testing performed at the moment of their initial cardiac evaluation, out of 1014 patients included in the Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1-Heart Registry between January 2000 and December 2015...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603590/antitachycardia-pacing-programming-in-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Elia De Maria, Daniele Giacopelli, Ambra Borghi, Letizia Modonesi, Stefano Cappelli
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) programming involves several parameters. In recent years antitachycardia pacing (ATP) has gained an increasing importance in the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias, whether slow or fast. It reduces the number of unnecessary and inappropriate shocks and improves both patient's quality of life and device longevity. There is no clear indication regarding the type of ATP to be used, except for the treatment of fast ventricular tachycardias (188 bpm-250 bpm) where it has been shown a greater efficacy and safety of burst compared to ramp; 8 impulses in each sequence of ATP appears to be the best programming option in this setting...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595345/supraventricular-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-dysplasia-cardiomyopathy-associate-with-long-term-outcome-after-catheter-ablation-of-ventricular-tachycardias
#20
Andreas Müssigbrodt, Helge Knopp, Elena Efimova, Alexander Weber, Livio Bertagnolli, Sebastian Hilbert, Jedrzej Kosiuk, Borislav Dinov, Kerstin Bode, Simon Kircher, Nikolaos Dagres, Sergio Richter, Philipp Sommer, Daniela Husser, Andreas Bollmann, Gerhard Hindricks, Arash Arya
Aims: This study aimed to assess the impact of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) on long-term results of radiofrequency catheter ablation therapy of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in a large cohort of patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). Methods and results: Supraventricular tachycardia occurrence has been studied in patients from our ARVD/C registry (70 patients, 48 male, age 53.2 ± 14.0, 45 patients (64.3%) with previous VT ablation)...
June 7, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
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