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Hypoplastic aortic arch coarctation

Petros V Anagnostopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Andreas Tulzer, Rudolf Mair, Michaela Kreuzer, Gerald Tulzer
OBJECTIVES: Coarctation with hypoplastic aortic arch can be treated with resection and extended end-to-end anastomosis (REEEA) as well as end-to-side anastomosis (ESA). The aim of the study was to review our experience with these techniques in newborns and infants and to assess mid-term outcome with regards to morbidity, mortality, and reintervention rate in relation to operative access and technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of hospital charts and surgical reports from 183 consecutive newborns and infants with coarctation and hypoplastic aortic arch with or without ventricular septal defect between 1996 and 2013...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ai Sugimoto, Noritaka Ota, Masaya Murata, Kisaburo Sakamoto
We describe a case of complex left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, multiple muscular ventricular septal defects, aortic coarctation and a hypoplastic aortic arch, where staged biventricular repair was performed successfully using pulmonary root translocation.
September 13, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Bahaaldin Alsoufi, Courtney McCracken, Subhadra Shashidharan, Brian Kogon, William Border, Kirk Kanter
BACKGROUND: The two most common surgical strategies for the treatment of neonates born with single-ventricle anomalies associated with aortic arch obstruction are the Norwood operation and pulmonary artery banding plus coarctation repair (PAB+COA). We reviewed characteristics and outcomes of neonates who underwent those two surgical strategies at our institution. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2012, 94 neonates with a single ventricle and aortic arch obstruction (excluding hypoplastic left heart syndrome) underwent Norwood (n = 65) or PAB+COA (n = 29)...
September 1, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Stefanie Herzog, Hitendu Dave, Martin Schweiger, Michael Hübler, Daniel Quandt, Oliver Kretschmar, Walter Knirsch
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of balloon angioplasty (BAP) for recurrent aortic coarctation (ReCoA) in infants comparing simple and complex type of aortic arch pathology (Norwood I procedure). BACKGROUND: ReCoA is a known complication after cardiovascular surgery for coarctation of the aortic arch. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a single center case study, we analyzed 20 infants undergoing BAP for ReCoA comparing simple (n = 10) and complex type of aortic arch pathology (n = 10)...
August 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
Wendy Whiteside, Hayley S Hancock, Sara K Pasquali, Sunkyung Yu, Aimee K Armstrong, Alicia Menchaca, Andrea Hadley, Jennifer Hirsch-Romano
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have evaluated recurrent coarctation after the Norwood procedure (NP) in patients with single-ventricle (SV) anatomy. Extended patch augmentation of the aorta, a Norwood-type arch reconstruction (NTAR), is also used in patients with 2 ventricles and a diffusely hypoplastic arch; however, outcomes after NTAR in these patients are not well described. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of neonates with SV and 2-ventricle (2V) anatomy who underwent an NP or NTAR at our institution from 2000 to 2010...
June 25, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sunita J Ferns, Chawki El Zein, Siva Prasad Maruboyina, Sujata Subramanian, Andrew H Van Bergen, Michel N Ilbawi
BACKGROUND: Despite several surgical modifications, the reported incidence of neoaortic coarctation after stage 1 palliation (S1P) of hypoplastic left heart syndrome remains high. A modification of aortic arch reconstruction that may decrease the incidence of neoaortic coarctation after S1P is described. METHODS: Between January 2008 and May 2013, 114 patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome underwent S1P. The hospital records of the 101 surviving patients (89%) were reviewed...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Takahisa Sakurai, Hajime Sakurai, Koji Yamana, Toshimichi Nonaka, Rei Noda, Ryohei Otsuka, Takuya Osawa
OBJECTIVES: Bilateral pulmonary artery banding (bil-PAB) has been developed as a part of a hybrid procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). We use this procedure for palliation of complex congenital heart disease, particularly in patients with arch anomaly. We reviewed our experience with bil-PAB. METHODS: Sixty-six consecutive cases between 2003 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients (77%) had single ventricle physiology (HLHS: 37, HLHS variant: 13, others: 1)...
March 31, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Saul Flores, Thomas R Kimball, David P Nelson, David L S Morales
We present the case of a two-month-old male with congenital Gerbode defect, hypoplastic aortic arch, and left-sided partially anomalous pulmonary venous return. The patient underwent single-stage surgical repair, which consisted of aortic arch advancement with resection of the coarctation segment, pulmonary vein repair, and primary closure of the Gerbode defect. The anomalous pulmonary vein posed a particular challenge due to its size and distance from the left atrium, which we approached with a posterior atrial wall trapdoor baffle technique, without mobilizing the affected vein...
July 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Alyse M Carlson, Jason W Tcheng, Sarah E Holgren, Joseph W Turek
Hypoplasia of the aortic arch commonly accompanies coarctation of the aorta and should be addressed at the time of coarctation repair to prevent residual gradient. Using a novel technique, McKenzie et al performed an ascending sliding arch aortoplasty to correct hypoplasia using native aortic tissue. This procedure was accomplished with an arrested heart and uses the fact that the ascending aorta associated with the hypoplastic arch is typically elongated. We have furthered the development of the ascending sliding arch aortoplasty by performing the entire procedure without inducing cardiac arrest...
November 2015: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Masataka Kitano, Satoshi Yazaki, Koji Kagisaki
For high-risk neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) undergoing Norwood operation, the strategy of bilateral pulmonary artery banding and ductal stenting is risky in case of coarctation of the aorta (CoA), often resulting in death. Therefore, we devised a new method of ductal stenting with side-branch cell dilation, which could overcome the constriction of the ductal arch with CoA in two HLHS patients. This is the first report that presents this method and the results. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
January 1, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
James D St Louis, Brian A Harvey, Jeremiah S Menk, James E O'Brien, Lazaros K Kochilas
BACKGROUND: The surgical mortality associated with repair of coarctation of the aorta (CoA) over a 25-year period was examined. Risk factors for discharge mortality were evaluated as well as the surgical techniques and its evolution over the period studied. METHODS: Utilizing the pediatric cardiac care consortium, we conducted a retrospective review of patients less than 18 years of age submitted between 1982 and 2007. Variables reviewed included weight at birth, age and weight at the operation, type of coarctation repair, associated cardiac anomalies, year of repair, center-specific volume, postoperative length of stay, and in-hospital mortality...
July 2015: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Elmar Klusmeier, Nikolaus A Haas, Eugen Sandica
Truncus arteriosus communis is a rare CHD, accounting for only 1% of all congenital cardiac abnormalities. It has been associated with other malformations of the heart, mainly truncal valve (bicuspid/quadricuspid) and aortic arch abnormalities such as right, interrupted, and hypoplastic aortic arch. Cor tratriatrum sinistrum is another rare CHD, and it has been associated with other cardiac defects such as anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, ventricular septal defect, coarctation of the aorta, and tetralogy of Fallot...
January 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Nermin Bayar, Şakir Arslan, Çağın Mustafa Üreyen, Selçuk Küçükseymen, Bekir Erol
Coarctation of the aorta is the fifth most common congenital cardiac anomaly encountered in adults. It is important for prognosis to diagnose and treat this anomaly early. An aneurysm might develop due to tunica media abnormalities in patients with coarctation of the aorta. We hereby present an adult case with a very rare combination of vascular anomalies including ascending aorta aneurysm, hypoplastic aortic arch, coarctation of the aorta and poststenotic aneurysm.
April 2015: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
I Durand, G Deverriere, C Thill, A S Lety, C Parrod, N David, E Barre, T Hazelzet
The objective of this study was to assess the ability of different parameters to identify fetuses requiring neonatal care for coarctation of the aorta (CoA). Between January 2003 and December 2012, 175 fetuses referred for great vessel disproportion were divided into two groups: group A (n = 51) with high risk of CoA and delivery planned in tertiary care referral center and group B (n = 124) with no increased risk of CoA. In group A, diagnosis of CoA was confirmed in 38/51 (74 %). In group B, 2/124 had CoA...
August 2015: Pediatric Cardiology
Israel Valverde, Gorka Gomez, Jose Felix Coserria, Cristina Suarez-Mejias, Sergio Uribe, Julio Sotelo, Maria Nieves Velasco, Jose Santos De Soto, Amir-Reza Hosseinpour, Tomas Gomez-Cia
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether three-dimensional (3D) printed models can be used to improve interventional simulation and planning in patients with aortic arch hypoplasia. BACKGROUND: Stenting of a hypoplastic transverse arch is technically challenging, and complications such as stent migration and partial obstruction of the origin of the head and neck vessels are highly dependent on operator skills and expertise. METHODS: Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, a 3D model of a repaired aortic coarctation of a 15-year-old boy with hypoplastic aortic arch was printed...
May 2015: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Mohammad Ebrahim, James Hagood, John Moore, Howaida El-Said
OBJECTIVE: Bronchial compression as a result of pulmonary artery and aortic arch stenting may cause significant respiratory distress. We set out to limit airway narrowing by endovascular stenting, by using simultaneous flexible bronchoscopy and graduated balloon stent dilatation, or balloon angioplasty to determine maximum safe stent diameter. METHODS: Between August 2010 and August 2013, patients with suspected airway compression by adjacent vascular structures, underwent CT or a 3D rotational angiogram to evaluate the relationship between the airway and the blood vessels...
April 2015: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Sujata Singh, Fayaz A Hakim, Ashwini Sharma, R Raina Roy, Prasad M Panse, Krishnaswamy Chandrasekaran, Jorge R Alegria, Farouk Mookadam
Aortic arch abnormalities are uncommon and may be seen in association with other congenital cardiac anomalies. Coarctation, pseudocoarctation and hypoplastic aortic arch are known aortic arch abnormalities, with the former being well studied, whilst for the latter two, much less is known. There are similarities and differences that are important to distinguish among these three conditions in order to avoid errors in diagnosis that may result in unnecessary investigations, which may in turn result in physical or emotional harm to the patient...
February 2015: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Kunal B Karani, Farhan Zafar, David L S Morales, Bryan H Goldstein
The hybrid stage I procedure has emerged as a less-invasive alternative to the standard surgical Norwood procedure in the palliation of high-risk hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants. This approach may also benefit patients requiring complex neonatal repair who have significant anatomic and/or perioperative risk factors that either prevent or complicate durable and robust biventricular circulation from being safely achieved. An extremely low-birth weight (1.1 kg) 28-week gestation preterm neonate with postnatal diagnosis of posterior malalignment ventricular septal defect, severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, aortic annular hypoplasia, and aortic arch obstruction underwent initial palliation with a hybrid stage I procedure...
October 2014: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Takeshi Yoshii, Takashi Miyamoto, Akitoshi Inui, Yuuki Tanaka, Shuichi Yoshitake, Mitsuru Seki, Tomio Kobayashi
We have performed bilateral pulmonary artery banding operations combined with planned percutaneous balloon dilatation at banding sites for patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related anomalies. Here, we report a case of Fontan completion in a patient who underwent aortic arch repair and a bidirectional Glenn procedure following flowadjustable bilateral pulmonary artery banding. The patient had a double-inlet left ventricle, a hypoplastic right ventricle, a hypoplastic aortic arch, and coarctation of the aorta...
2014: International Heart Journal
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