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Hypoplastic aortic arch coarctation

Enrico Cetrano, Angelo Polito, Matteo Trezzi, Adriano Carotti
Persistent left fifth aortic arch is a rare anomaly often associated with aortic coarctation. We report the case of a newborn presenting with signs of duct-dependent aortic coarctation. Echocardiography showed an interrupted fourth aortic arch, persistent left fifth aortic arch associated with aortic coarctation, and a restrictive arterial duct. Arch repair was accomplished using the fifth aortic arch as an in situ flap to enlarge the hypoplastic fourth aortic arch associated with coarctectomy and extended end-to-end anastomosis...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Akihiko Higashida, Takaya Hoashi, Heima Sakaguchi, Hajime Ichikawa
A 5-day-old neonate with coarctation of the aorta, hypoplastic aortic arch, large apical muscular ventricular septal defect, and patent ductus arteriosus developed pulmonary over-circulation and systemic hypoperfusion underwent bilateral pulmonary artery banding through median sternotomy as a part of hybrid stage I palliation. At operation, left atrial diverticulum with gigantic thrombus formation at the base of the left atrial appendage was incidentally detected by intraoperative direct echocardiography, and therefore, was successfully resected with the whole thrombus inside it without use of cardiopulmonary bypass...
April 8, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Suma P Goudar, Sanket S Shah, Girish S Shirali
Aim Echocardiography is the modality of choice for the diagnosis and serial follow-up of aortic arch pathology. In this article, we review the types of obstruction of the aortic arch, various classification schemes of coarctation of the aorta and interrupted aortic arch, methodology for optimal echocardiographic imaging of the aortic arch, and key echocardiographic measurements for accurate diagnosis of obstruction and hypoplasia of the aortic arch. Finally, we will discuss the limitations of echocardiography in optimal imaging of the aortic arch and the use of other non-invasive imaging modalities such as CT or MRI to provide additional information in these cases...
December 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Luis E De León, E Dean McKenzie
The optimal treatment of patients with complex coarctation of the aorta and hypoplastic aortic arch is controversial. Children undergoing repair of obstructive arch lesions are at lifelong risk of recurrence. Multiple techniques have been described to address complex primary and recurrent coarctation. Our approach at Texas Children's Hospital (Houston, TX) has been to address these lesions in an anatomic fashion via median sternotomy, under cardiopulmonary bypass using the techniques of aortic arch advancement and ascending sliding arch aortoplasty...
January 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual
Kate Hanneman, Beverley Newman, Frandics Chan
Congenital variants and anomalies of the aortic arch are important to recognize as they may be associated with vascular rings, congenital heart disease, and chromosomal abnormalities, and can have important implications for prognosis and management. The purpose of this article is to review cross-sectional imaging techniques used in the evaluation of the aortic arch, describe the embryology and anatomy of the aortic arch system, discuss aortic arch variants and anomalies, and review other malformations of the aortic arch, including interrupted aortic arch, hypoplastic aortic arch, and aortic coarctation...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Petros V Anagnostopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Andreas Tulzer, Rudolf Mair, Michaela Kreuzer, Gerald Tulzer
OBJECTIVES: Coarctation with hypoplastic aortic arch can be treated with resection and extended end-to-end anastomosis (REEEA) as well as end-to-side anastomosis (ESA). The aim of the study was to review our experience with these techniques in newborns and infants and to assess mid-term outcome with regards to morbidity, mortality, and reintervention rate in relation to operative access and technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of hospital charts and surgical reports from 183 consecutive newborns and infants with coarctation and hypoplastic aortic arch with or without ventricular septal defect between 1996 and 2013...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ai Sugimoto, Noritaka Ota, Masaya Murata, Kisaburo Sakamoto
We describe a case of complex left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, multiple muscular ventricular septal defects, aortic coarctation and a hypoplastic aortic arch, where staged biventricular repair was performed successfully using pulmonary root translocation.
September 13, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Bahaaldin Alsoufi, Courtney McCracken, Subhadra Shashidharan, Brian Kogon, William Border, Kirk Kanter
BACKGROUND: The two most common surgical strategies for the treatment of neonates born with single-ventricle anomalies associated with aortic arch obstruction are the Norwood operation and pulmonary artery banding plus coarctation repair (PAB+COA). We reviewed characteristics and outcomes of neonates who underwent those two surgical strategies at our institution. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2012, 94 neonates with a single ventricle and aortic arch obstruction (excluding hypoplastic left heart syndrome) underwent Norwood (n = 65) or PAB+COA (n = 29)...
February 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Stefanie Herzog, Hitendu Dave, Martin Schweiger, Michael Hübler, Daniel Quandt, Oliver Kretschmar, Walter Knirsch
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of balloon angioplasty (BAP) for recurrent aortic coarctation (ReCoA) in infants comparing simple and complex type of aortic arch pathology (Norwood I procedure). BACKGROUND: ReCoA is a known complication after cardiovascular surgery for coarctation of the aortic arch. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a single center case study, we analyzed 20 infants undergoing BAP for ReCoA comparing simple (n = 10) and complex type of aortic arch pathology (n = 10)...
August 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
Wendy Whiteside, Hayley S Hancock, Sara K Pasquali, Sunkyung Yu, Aimee K Armstrong, Alicia Menchaca, Andrea Hadley, Jennifer Hirsch-Romano
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have evaluated recurrent coarctation after the Norwood procedure (NP) in patients with single-ventricle (SV) anatomy. Extended patch augmentation of the aorta, a Norwood-type arch reconstruction (NTAR), is also used in patients with 2 ventricles and a diffusely hypoplastic arch; however, outcomes after NTAR in these patients are not well described. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of neonates with SV and 2-ventricle (2V) anatomy who underwent an NP or NTAR at our institution from 2000 to 2010...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sunita J Ferns, Chawki El Zein, Siva Prasad Maruboyina, Sujata Subramanian, Andrew H Van Bergen, Michel N Ilbawi
BACKGROUND: Despite several surgical modifications, the reported incidence of neoaortic coarctation after stage 1 palliation (S1P) of hypoplastic left heart syndrome remains high. A modification of aortic arch reconstruction that may decrease the incidence of neoaortic coarctation after S1P is described. METHODS: Between January 2008 and May 2013, 114 patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome underwent S1P. The hospital records of the 101 surviving patients (89%) were reviewed...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Takahisa Sakurai, Hajime Sakurai, Koji Yamana, Toshimichi Nonaka, Rei Noda, Ryohei Otsuka, Takuya Osawa
OBJECTIVES: Bilateral pulmonary artery banding (bil-PAB) has been developed as a part of a hybrid procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). We use this procedure for palliation of complex congenital heart disease, particularly in patients with arch anomaly. We reviewed our experience with bil-PAB. METHODS: Sixty-six consecutive cases between 2003 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients (77%) had single ventricle physiology (HLHS: 37, HLHS variant: 13, others: 1)...
October 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Saul Flores, Thomas R Kimball, David P Nelson, David L S Morales
We present the case of a two-month-old male with congenital Gerbode defect, hypoplastic aortic arch, and left-sided partially anomalous pulmonary venous return. The patient underwent single-stage surgical repair, which consisted of aortic arch advancement with resection of the coarctation segment, pulmonary vein repair, and primary closure of the Gerbode defect. The anomalous pulmonary vein posed a particular challenge due to its size and distance from the left atrium, which we approached with a posterior atrial wall trapdoor baffle technique, without mobilizing the affected vein...
July 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Alyse M Carlson, Jason W Tcheng, Sarah E Holgren, Joseph W Turek
Hypoplasia of the aortic arch commonly accompanies coarctation of the aorta and should be addressed at the time of coarctation repair to prevent residual gradient. Using a novel technique, McKenzie et al performed an ascending sliding arch aortoplasty to correct hypoplasia using native aortic tissue. This procedure was accomplished with an arrested heart and uses the fact that the ascending aorta associated with the hypoplastic arch is typically elongated. We have furthered the development of the ascending sliding arch aortoplasty by performing the entire procedure without inducing cardiac arrest...
November 2015: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Masataka Kitano, Satoshi Yazaki, Koji Kagisaki
For high-risk neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) undergoing Norwood operation, the strategy of bilateral pulmonary artery banding and ductal stenting is risky in case of coarctation of the aorta (CoA), often resulting in death. Therefore, we devised a new method of ductal stenting with side-branch cell dilation, which could overcome the constriction of the ductal arch with CoA in two HLHS patients. This is the first report that presents this method and the results. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
January 1, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
James D St Louis, Brian A Harvey, Jeremiah S Menk, James E O'Brien, Lazaros K Kochilas
BACKGROUND: The surgical mortality associated with repair of coarctation of the aorta (CoA) over a 25-year period was examined. Risk factors for discharge mortality were evaluated as well as the surgical techniques and its evolution over the period studied. METHODS: Utilizing the pediatric cardiac care consortium, we conducted a retrospective review of patients less than 18 years of age submitted between 1982 and 2007. Variables reviewed included weight at birth, age and weight at the operation, type of coarctation repair, associated cardiac anomalies, year of repair, center-specific volume, postoperative length of stay, and in-hospital mortality...
July 2015: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Elmar Klusmeier, Nikolaus A Haas, Eugen Sandica
Truncus arteriosus communis is a rare CHD, accounting for only 1% of all congenital cardiac abnormalities. It has been associated with other malformations of the heart, mainly truncal valve (bicuspid/quadricuspid) and aortic arch abnormalities such as right, interrupted, and hypoplastic aortic arch. Cor tratriatrum sinistrum is another rare CHD, and it has been associated with other cardiac defects such as anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, ventricular septal defect, coarctation of the aorta, and tetralogy of Fallot...
January 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Nermin Bayar, Şakir Arslan, Çağın Mustafa Üreyen, Selçuk Küçükseymen, Bekir Erol
Coarctation of the aorta is the fifth most common congenital cardiac anomaly encountered in adults. It is important for prognosis to diagnose and treat this anomaly early. An aneurysm might develop due to tunica media abnormalities in patients with coarctation of the aorta. We hereby present an adult case with a very rare combination of vascular anomalies including ascending aorta aneurysm, hypoplastic aortic arch, coarctation of the aorta and poststenotic aneurysm.
April 2015: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
I Durand, G Deverriere, C Thill, A S Lety, C Parrod, N David, E Barre, T Hazelzet
The objective of this study was to assess the ability of different parameters to identify fetuses requiring neonatal care for coarctation of the aorta (CoA). Between January 2003 and December 2012, 175 fetuses referred for great vessel disproportion were divided into two groups: group A (n = 51) with high risk of CoA and delivery planned in tertiary care referral center and group B (n = 124) with no increased risk of CoA. In group A, diagnosis of CoA was confirmed in 38/51 (74 %). In group B, 2/124 had CoA...
August 2015: Pediatric Cardiology
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