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Venkatesh Doreyawar, Raveendra P Gadag, Dandi Narasaiah Manjunath, Shivalingappa B Javali, Nagaraj Maradi, Deekshit Shetty
Hypertrophy of the inferior nasal turbinate is one of the most common causes of nasal obstruction. The diode laser has proven to be as effective as other lasers for this indication. Our objective was to study various outcomes associated with the use of the diode laser, such as improvements in nasal obstruction and postoperative pain, reduction in intraoperative bleeding, and rapidity of healing. A nonrandomized, controlled trial was conducted in which outcomes were compared between diode laser turbinate reduction (LTR) and conventional partial inferior turbinectomy (PIT) in 60 patients, 30 who underwent LTR and 30 who underwent PIT...
January 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Mahmoud Messerer, Rodolfo Maduri, Roy Thomas Daniel
Objective  Endoscopic transsphenoidal extended endoscopic approach (EEA) represents a valid alternative to microsurgery for craniopharyngiomas removal, especially for retrochiasmatic lesions without large parasellar extension. The present video illustrates the salient surgical steps of the EEA for craniopahryngioma removal. Patient  A 52-year-old man presented with a bitemporal hemianopia and a bilateral decreased visual acuity. MRI showed a Kassam type III cystic craniopharyngioma with a solid component ( Fig...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Renato Roithmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Yehia Ashry, Kosuke Kawai, Dennis Poe
Objective: To assess the role and effect of concomitant adjunctive procedures when combined with balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube (BDET), including a new technique for treating obstructive disease within the bony Eustachian tube (ET). Study Design: Retrospective case series. Setting: Tertiary medical center. Subjects: Adults with persistent (≥2 years): 1) OME or non-fixed TM retraction AND type B or C tympanogram OR 2) Consistent symptoms of barochallenge with flights or diving, all despite medical treatment for ≥6 weeks...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
Kosuke Akiyama, Yasushi Samukawa, Satoshi Takahashi, Youhei Ouchi, Hiroshi Hoshikawa
OBJECTIVE: The preservation or resection of the middle turbinate (MT) during endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) currently remains a matter of debate. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of submucosal middle turbinectomy (SMT) in ESS for eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS). METHODS: The study included 38 ECRS patients (63 sides) who had undergone full-house ESS with SMT and 20 ECRS patients (40 sides) without SMT as a control group. Post-operative middle turbinate lateralization (MTL), synechia formation, and the patency grade of the olfactory cleft (OC) were assessed as the primary outcomes 3 months after surgery...
November 24, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Hakim Benkhatar, Idir Khettab, Philippe Sultanik, Ollivier Laccourreye, Pierre Bonfils
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frontal sinus revision rate after nasal polyposis (NP) surgery including frontal recess clearance (FRC) and middle turbinectomy (MT), to search for predictive factors and to analyse surgical management. METHODS: Longitudinal analysis of 153 patients who consecutively underwent bilateral sphenoethmoidectomy with FRC and MT for NP with a minimum follow-up of 7 years. Decision of revision surgery was made in case of medically refractory chronic frontal sinusitis or frontal mucocele...
November 14, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Francesco Belotti, Francesco Doglietto, Alberto Schreiber, Marco Ravanelli, Marco Ferrari, Davide Lancini, Vittorio Rampinelli, Lena Hirtler, Barbara Buffoli, Andrea Bolzoni Villaret, Roberto Maroldi, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Piero Nicolai, Marco Maria Fontanella
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic visualization does not necessarily correspond to an adequate working space. The need of balancing invasiveness and adequacy of sellar tumor exposure has recently led to the description of multiple endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approaches. Comparative anatomical data on these variants are lacking. OBJECT: To quantitatively compare endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approaches to the sella and parasellar region, using the concept of "surgical pyramid"...
October 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
Manuel A Burgos, Maria Agustina Sevilla García, Enrique Sanmiguel Rojas, Carlos Del Pino, Carlos Fernández Velez, Francisco Piqueras, Francisco Esteban Ortega
INTRODUCTION: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a mathematical tool to analyse airflow. We present a novel CFD software package to improve results following nasal surgery for obstruction. METHODS: A group of engineers in collaboration with otolaryngologists have developed a very intuitive CFD software package called MeComLand®, which uses the patient's cross-sectional (tomographic) images, thus showing in detail results originated by CFD such as airflow distributions, velocity profiles, pressure, or wall shear stress...
September 15, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Katharina Stölzel, Marie Bandelier, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Heidi Olze, Steffen Dommerich
PURPOSE: Chronic hyperplasia of the inferior nasal concha is accompanied by a nasal obstruction; however, there is no standardised surgical treatment for this condition. Here, we compared the outcome of three surgical techniques frequently used to treat the hyperplasia of inferior turbinates: turbinectomy with lateralization, submucosal electrocautery and laser cautery additional to septoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and nine patients participated in this prospective randomized study upon signing written consent...
November 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Bianca H de Moura, Raphaella O Migliavacca, Rafaela K Lima, José E L Dolci, Martina Becker, Cássia Feijó, Elisa Brauwers, Michelle Lavinsky-Wolff
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of endoscopic partial inferior turbinectomy (EPIT) associated with primary rhinoseptoplasty on quality-of-life outcomes (QOL), complications, and surgical duration. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Individuals with nasal obstruction aged ≥ 16 years who were candidates for functional and aesthetics primary rhinoseptoplasty were evaluated from March 2014 through May 2015. Eligible participants were randomly allocated to rhinoseptoplasty with or without EPIT (excision of one-third of the inferior turbinates)...
August 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
Ta-Jen Lee, Chia-Hsiang Fu, Ching-Lung Wu, Yi-Chan Lee, Chi-Che Huang, Po-Hung Chang, Yi-Wei Chen, Hsiao-Jung Tseng
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Endonasal submucosal implantation has been confirmed to be beneficial for patients with empty nose syndrome (ENS). However, the optimal implantation site has not been defined. This study aimed to evaluate whether lateral nasal wall implantation is superior to inferior nasal wall implantation in terms of clinical benefits and improvements in quality of life. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study in a tertiary medical center. METHODS: Consecutive ENS patients between 2010 and 2015 with operative histories of inferior turbinectomies and indicated for surgical implantation were enrolled, with at least 1-year follow-up...
July 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
Henrique Fernandes de Oliveira, Valdes Roberto Bollela, Wilma Terezinha Anselmo-Lima, Carlos Augusto Pires de Oliveira Costa, Márcio Nakanishi
OBJECTIVE: To describe and standardize a reproducible, viable, low-cost lamb's head model for endoscopic sinus surgery training. METHODS: Otorhinolaryngology residents performed the following three endoscopic sinus surgeries using the lamb's head model: inferior turbinectomy, bullectomy, and maxillary antrostomy. Each student dissected 10 specimens before training these procedures on human patients, and the benefit of the animal model training was evaluated. RESULTS: Nineteen resident physicians of comparable academic level participated in training...
2017: PloS One
Santosh Uttarkar Panduranga Rao, Prashanth Basavaraj, Supriya Basavaraj Yempalle, Aravind Darga Ramachandra
INTRODUCTION: All the functions of nasal cavities are performed through mucosa and contours of the turbinates. Hypertrophied inferior turbinate is one of the major and common causes of nasal obstruction. In these patients nasal obstruction is relieved by inferior turbinate reduction. Many procedures on turbinate reduction have been described earlier. AIM: To compare and evaluate the better method for inferior turbinate reduction among submucosal diathermy using monopolar cautery and bipolar cautery, complete turbinectomy, inj...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ana Paula Teixeira de Abreu, Leonardo Ramos Ribeiro de Oliveira, Ana Flavia Teixeira de Abreu, Evandro Ribeiro de Oliveira, Michele Santos de Melo Ireno, Fernando Monteiro Aarestrup, Matheus Fonseca Aarestrup, Paula Fonseca Aarestrup
Chlorhexidine is an antiseptic and disinfectant used in surgical and clinical practice since 1954 and is available in aqueous or alcoholic solutions 0.5%-4.0% and has a broad-spectrum activity. Despite their widespread use, allergic reactions with chlorhexidine are rarely reported. We describe a case of anaphylaxis with chlorhexidine during a septoplasty, turbinectomy, and maxillary sinusectomy. The patient presented with periorbital edema, hives, hypotension, and wheezing. Immediately after the diagnosis of anaphylaxis promethazine, hydrocortisone, and epinephrine were administered with immediate clinical improvement...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
H H Kordjian, L P Schousboe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
Rossana Tenconi, Sonia Khirani, Alessandro Amaddeo, Caroline Michot, Geneviève Baujat, Vincent Couloigner, Livio De Sanctis, Syril James, Michel Zerah, Valérie Cormier-Daire, Brigitte Fauroux
Sleep-disordered breathing is a common feature in children with achondroplasia. The aim of our study was to review the poly(somno)graphic (P(S)G) findings and consequent treatments in children with achondroplasia followed in the national reference center for skeletal dysplasia. A retrospective review of the clinical charts and P(S)G of 43 consecutive children (mean age 3.9 ± 3.5 years) with achondroplasia seen over a period of 2 years was performed. Twenty four (59%) children had obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
April 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Rajeshwary Aroor, Zainab Sunu Ali, K S Gangadhara Somayaji
The study was conducted to assess the impact of different nasal surgeries on the nasal mucociliary clearance mechanism. Mucociliary function of the nasal mucosa of patients who were undergoing various nasal surgeries was assessed by the Saccharin test by placing 5 mg saccharin granule on the anterior end of the inferior turbinate 1 day prior to the surgery. The time required for the test subject to experience a sweet taste was measured in minutes. Post-operatively the test was repeated 6 weeks after the surgery and the test times were compared...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Saumitra Kumar, Trivender Singh Anand, Indranil Pal
Radiofrequency procedures are a well-accepted treatment for nasal obstruction. We conducted a randomized, noncontrolled study to compare the effectiveness of submucosal bipolar radiofrequency turbinate volume reduction (RFTVR) and bipolar radiofrequency-assisted turbinectomy (RFaT) in patients presenting with nasal obstruction caused by inferior turbinate hypertrophy. A total of 30 patients-15 males and 15 females, aged 15 to 60 years (mean: 32)-were randomly divided into one of the two homogeneous treatment groups...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Iordanis Konstantinidis, Evangelia Tsakiropoulou, Angelos Chatziavramidis, Christos Ikonomidis, Konstantinos Markou
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Trigeminal nerve mediates the perception of nasal airflow. This study examines whether impaired intranasal trigeminal function is a part of the paradoxical nasal obstruction sensation in patients with empty nose syndrome (ENS). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control study in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: Three groups were examined: 1) ENS patients with previous bilateral near total inferior turbinectomy, 2) patients who underwent near total inferior turbinate removal (ITR) without ENS symptoms, and 3) control participants...
June 2017: Laryngoscope
Cem Bayraktar, Ali Şimşek
The etiology of primary nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) is unknown, and the disease may exist bilaterally in a small number of patients. Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery is the recommended treatment for these patients, but concomitant nasal pathologies are believed to be related to decreased surgical success. The authors aim to assess the concomitant required nasal surgical procedure frequency for endoscopic surgical access retrospectively in bilateral and unilateral NLDO patients. Twenty-eight patients who underwent bilateral endoscopic DCR simultaneously and 30 patients who underwent unilateral endoscopic DCR were enrolled in this retrospective study...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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