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Septal perforation

Hasmet Yazici, Sedat Doğan, Mehmet Akif Sönmez, Olcay Eser
INTRODUCTION: Pituitary surgery involving different techniques is often applied to the excision of benign adenomas. Operative interventions involved various approaches and techniques. Endoscopic transsphenoidal approach is the less traumatic route to the sella turcica, avoiding brain retraction, and also permitting good visualization, with lower rates of morbidity and mortality. Although mortality of pituitary surgery decreased by advances in surgical techniques morbidities such as synechiae formation, anosmia, bleeding, nasal septal perforations, drying, and incrustation due to traumatization of the nasal structures such as septum, nasal mucosa, and middle concha are the current problems in pituitary surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Hiroshi Sato, Syuichi Naraoka
We experienced a rare case of post-infarct left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) and ventricular septal perforation (VSP). An 83-year-old woman was treated for acute cardiac insufficiency. Three weeks later after hospitalization, she had sudden cardiorespiratory failure and was diagnosed with VSP and LVA. She underwent emergency heart surgery. After establishing extracorporeal circulation, the LVA was excised longitudinally from the left side of the left anterior descending branch. Endoventricular patch plasty (Dor procedure) was performed to exclude the ventricular aneurysm, and the VSP was closed using Dacron patch...
October 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Sercan Gode, Huseyin Biceroglu, Goksel Turhal, Umut Erdogan, Murat S Ates, Isa Kaya, Erkin Ozgiray, Rasit Midilli, Bulent Karci
Endoscopic endonasal approach has been successfully used for the management of pituitary tumors; however, the loss of septal mucosa especially around sphenoethmoidal recess and posterior nasal septum might be a disadvantage of this technique. The aim of this study is to describe a variation of the endonasal approach, "double nasoseptal flap" technique in endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery, and to evaluate its outcomes. The technique depends on fully harvested bigger nasoseptal flap on one side and smaller on the other...
September 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Jong Woo Choi, Yeon Hee Joo, Woo Shik Jeong, Yong Ju Jang
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant multi-systemic disease that exhibits increasing penetrance with age. Some patients present with severe life-threatening epistaxis which is intractable to all common treatment modalities. A 63-year-old female patient with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) presented with recurrent life-threatening epistaxis that required repeated transfusions despite multiple embolizations and septodermoplasty. Previous septodermoplasty failed due to septal perforation...
September 8, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Chance M Witt, Charles J Lenz, Henry H Shih, Elisa Ebrille, Andrew N Rosenbaum, Htin Aung, Martin van Zyl, Kevin K Manocha, Abhishek J Deshmukh, David O Hodge, Siva K Mulpuru, Yong-Mei Cha, Raul E Espinosa, Samuel J Asirvatham, Christopher J McLeod
PURPOSE: Optimal atrial pacemaker lead position and fixation mechanism have not been determined with regard to effect on complications. We aimed to determine the association between atrial lead-related complications and varying atrial lead tip positions and lead fixation mechanisms. METHODS: All patients who underwent dual-chamber pacemaker implant between 2004 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed for atrial lead tip position and fixation type. Lead-related complications were assessed by electronic medical record review...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
N Apaydin, S Çomoğlu, Y Özer, H Avci, H Eş, K S Orhan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate rhinology-related malpractice claims with the aim of optimising safe practice. METHODS: The database of the National Institute of Forensic Medicine was reviewed. In total, 241 otorhinolaryngology malpractice case reports dating from 2005 to 2012 were evaluated, and 83 malpractice cases related to rhinology treatments were separated. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the number of male (n = 42) and female (n = 41) claimants...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Fabien Labombarda, Vincent Roule, Farzin Beygui
Percutaneous device closure has become the first choice for secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) closure when feasible in case of favorable anatomy. The Ultrasept II ASD occluder® device (Cardia Inc, Eagan, MN) is made of two nitinol disc frames covered with polyvinyl alcohol membranes, a synthetic polymer with a large application in the biomedical field. Four relatively early malfunctions of the polyvinyl alcohol membrane were observed in a series of six consecutive patients treated with ASD Ultrasept II closure device in our institution...
August 18, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Israel Guerrero, Abhijeet Dhoble, Mark Fasulo, Ali E Denktas, Shehzad Sami, Sangbum Choi, Prakash Balan, Salman A Arain, Richard W Smalling
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate safety, efficacy, and durability of coil embolization of the major septal perforator of the left anterior descending coronary artery in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of coil embolization therapy in HOCM patients is not well defined. METHODS: We evaluated 24 symptomatic HOCM patients in a single center who underwent coil embolization of the septal perforator artery(ies)...
August 11, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Melissa A Scholes, Emily L Jensen
OBJECTIVES: To examine rates of otolaryngology intervention in children presenting to our emergency department with nasal foreign bodies, factors associated with otolaryngology involvement, rates of complications, and details on nasal button battery exposure. METHODS: All patients presenting with a nasal foreign body to Children's Hospital Colorado from 2007 to 2012 were identified. Factors leading to referral to otolaryngology and operative intervention were examined, as well as complications...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Kadir Yücebaş, Ümit Taşkın, Mehmet Faruk Oktay, Hasan Deniz Tansuker, Mehmet Erdil, Serdar Altınay, Erol Kozanoğlu, Samet Vasfi Kuvat
The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness and biocompatibility of polypropylene mesh for the repair of nasal septal perforations in an animal model on rabbits. A full-thickness nasal septal perforation with a diameter of nearly 10 × 10 mm was created on 12 rabbits, and then the perforation was reconstructed with two different methods. We used mucosal flaps and polypropylene mesh as an interpositional graft in group 1. Only mucosal flaps were used for reconstruction and are identified as group 2...
August 5, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Seung-No Hong, Somasundran Mutsumay, Hong Ryul Jin
Importance: Combined rhinoplasty and septal perforation repair is a technically challenging procedure, and few studies have reported the outcomes. Objective: To present the long-term surgical results of rhinoplasty with concurrent septal perforation repair. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study included 17 patients who underwent rhinoplasty with concurrent septal perforation repair at a tertiary academic medical center from March 2005, through March 2015...
August 4, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Yunis Daralammouri, Malik Ghannam, Bernward Lauer
BACKGROUND: A normal anatomy of coronary arteries is important to have adequate cardiac muscle blood supply especially during extraneous physical activities. This case report describes a rare coronary anomaly in which the accessory coronary artery arose from the right coronary artery, reentered the left anterior descending coronary artery, and then ran as a single vessel. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a coronary anomaly in a 47-year-old white man who presented with atypical angina...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ibrahim Erdim, Ali Ahmet Sirin, Bahadir Baykal, Fatih Oghan, Ali Guvey, Fatma Tulin Kayhan
INTRODUCTION: Tracheoesophageal peristomal fistulae can often be solved by reducing the size of the fistula or replacing the prosthesis; however, even with conservative techniques, leakage around the fistula may continue in total laryngectomy patients. Also, several techniques have been developed to overcome this problem, including injections around the fistula, fistula closure with local flaps, myofascial flaps, or free flaps and fistula closure using a septal perforation silicon button...
July 21, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Zeynep Onerci Altunay, Joseph A Bly, Philip K Edwards, David R Holmes, Grant S Hamilton, Erin K O'Brien, Alan B Carr, Jon J Camp, Janalee K Stokken, John F Pallanch
BACKGROUND: Since 1972, patients with large nasal perforations, who were symptomatic, and who were not candidates for surgery, had the option of custom prosthetic closure at Mayo Clinic. Although septal prostheses have helped many patients, 27% of pre-1982 patients chose not to keep the prosthesis in place. Two-dimensional computed tomography (CT) sizing resulted in more of the patients choosing to retain the prosthesis. The introduction of three-dimensional (3-D) printing to the sizing process offered the potential of further improved retention by refinement in prosthesis fit...
July 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Orhan Ozturan, Alper Yenigun, Erol Senturk, Sabri Baki Eren, Fadlullah Aksoy
We evaluated the efficacy of interpositional auricular cartilage grafting for perforation with an endoscopic endonasal approach via a mucosal regeneration technique. In total, 12 patients with symptomatic septal perforations were operated on by way of an endoscopic endonasal approach after an adequately sized cartilage graft was harvested. The graft was inserted between the circumferentially incised and elevated flaps of the perforation and secured by vertical and horizontal nonabsorbable aligning approximation stitches and prolonged placement of silicone splints...
October 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Ramamoorthy Rajkumar, Jigna Rajesh Kumar, Gavin S Dawe
Priming phenomenon, in which an earlier exposure to a stimulus or condition alters synaptic plasticity in response to a subsequent stimulus or condition, known as a challenge, is an example of metaplasticity. In this review, we make the case that the locus coeruleus noradrenergic system-medial perforant path-dentate gyrus pathway is a neural ensemble amenable to studying priming-challenge effects on synaptic plasticity. Accumulating evidence points to a tyrosine hydroxylase-dependent priming effect achieved by pharmacological (nicotine and antipsychotics) or physiological (septal theta driving) manipulations of the locus coeruleus noradrenergic system that can facilitate noradrenaline-induced synaptic plasticity in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus...
July 8, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Fabien Picard, Xavier Millán, Quentin de Hemptinne, Philippe L L'allier
Trans-septal puncture is associated with risks of serious complications. We report a case of an obese 52-year-old man with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who underwent preoperative coronary angiography and cardiac catheterisation complicated by left atrial perforation. We describe a direct transatrial pericardiocentesis approach to treating cardiac tamponade.
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Hisashi Sato, Yoshihiro Nakayama, Hideya Tanaka, Baku Takahashi
We report a rare case of ventricular septal perforation (VSP) after inferior myocardial infarction. Surgical repair of VSP after inferior infarction is technically difficult because of its anatomical location. An 81-year-old female presented with dyspnea on the 8th day after percutaneous coronary intervention for acute inferior myocardial infarction. Echocardiography revealed a ventricular septal perforation. Urgent operation was performed. There was a VSP around the base of the ventricular septum. The myocardial infarction extended to the adjacent muscle of the mitral valve annulus...
July 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Ricardo Landini Lutaif Dolci, Marcel Menon Miyake, Daniela Akemi Tateno, Natalia Amaral Cançado, Carlos Augusto Correia Campos, Américo Rubens Leite Dos Santos, Paulo Roberto Lazarini
INTRODUCTION: The large increase in the number of transnasal endoscopic skull base surgeries is a consequence of greater knowledge of the anatomic region, the development of specific materials and instruments, and especially the use of the nasoseptal flap as a barrier between the sinus tract (contaminated cavity) and the subarachnoid space (sterile area), reducing the high risk of contamination. OBJECTIVE: To assess the otorhinolaryngologic complications in patients undergoing endoscopic surgery of the skull base, in which a nasoseptal flap was used...
May 31, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Edidiong Ntuen Kaminska, Freda Sansaricq, Vesna Petronic-Rosic
A 58-year-old woman with a 31-year history of Hailey-Hailey (HH) disease that was refractory to treatment with mycophenolate mofetil, cyclosporine, dapsone, sulfasalazine, topical/oral antibiotics, and topical/oral steroids presented for alternative treatment options. Active erythematous, malodorous, eroded, and crusted plaques were present in the axillae, inframammary region, groin, and back (Figure 1). The patient had an undulant course, with acute exacerbations and partial remissions. During a 3-year period, she was prescribed oral methotrexate at a dose of 10 mg to 15 mg per week with daily oral folic acid (1 mg) supplementation, except on the day she took methotrexate...
2016: Skinmed
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