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Chronic otitis media

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904919/-seasonal-differences-of-tympanogram-and-middle-ear-findings-in-children-german-version
#1
S Knopke, A Böttcher, P Chadha, H Olze, F Bast
BACKGROUND: It is a known fact that bacterial or viral acute otitis media occurs more frequently in the winter months. Only a few older studies on seasonal differences in middle ear findings are available. These studies are based solely on tympanography, without correlation to intraoperative middle ear findings. This study addresses the question of whether seasonal differences can be found in the preoperative tympanogram and in the corresponding intraoperative findings in children with chronic middle ear problems...
November 30, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895351/frequency-of-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media
#2
Syed Sajjad Ali Zaidi, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Anwar Suhail, Talha Ahmed Qureshi
Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is defined as chronic otorrhea (i.e., lasting > 6-12 weeks) through a perforated tympanic membrane. It is generally associated with some degree of conductive hearing loss. However, recurrent ear infections due to perforated eardrum result in absorption of toxins and macromolecules into the cochlea leading to sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). We planned to determine the frequency of sensorineural hearing loss in chronic suppurative otitis media. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga Kgan University Hospital, Karachi, from October 2013 to March 2014...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895000/severe-acute-otitis-media-and-acute-mastoiditis-in-adults
#3
Anu Laulajainen Hongisto, Jussi Jero, Antti Markkola, Riste Saat, Antti A Aarnisalo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare clinical and microbiological findings in adults hospitalized for acute otitis media (AOM) or mastoid infections (acute or latent). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all adults (≥17 years old) hospitalized (between 2003 and 2012) at a tertiary referral center for acute mastoid infections or AOM not responding to outpatient medical treatment. RESULTS: Of the 160 patients in the study sample, 19% had an infection caused by S...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879225/efficacy-of-posterior-canal-wall-reconstruction-using-autologous-auricular-cartilage-and-bone-p%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-in-chronic-otitis-media-with-cholesteatoma
#4
Min Kwan Baek, Sung Ho Choi, Dong Young Kim, Chang Hyun Cho, Yong Woo Kim, Kwang Ha Moon, Ju Hyoung Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the long-term results using the technique of canal wall up mastoidectomy and reconstruction of the posterior canal wall using bone pâté and auricular cartilage in the treatment of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 42 patients who underwent canal wall up mastoidectomy and posterior canal wall reconstruction at a single institution between November 2005 and November 2012...
November 23, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878589/chronological-changes-in-microbial-profiles-in-external-and-middle-ear-diseases-a-20-year-study-in-korea
#5
Hantai Kim, Oak-Sung Choo, Jeong Hun Jang, Hun Yi Park, Yun-Hoon Choung
Microbial infection is one of the most significant causes of ear diseases, but microbial profiles are very diverse according to the diseases and change over time. The purpose of the study was to clarify differences and chronological changes in causative pathogens among infectious ear diseases over the last 20 years, and to identify antibiotic resistance. In total, 1191 isolates were included from patients diagnosed with chronic otitis media without cholesteatoma (COM), cholesteatomatous otitis media (Chole), middle ear effusion (MEE), including acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion, and external otitis (EO)...
November 23, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878362/a-3-d-analysis-of-the-protympanum-in-human-temporal-bones-with-chronic-ear-disease
#6
Henrique F Pauna, Rafael C Monsanto, Patricia Schachern, Michael M Paparella, Sebahattin Cureoglu
Eustachian tube dysfunction is believed to be an important factor to cholesteatoma development and recurrence of disease after surgical treatment. Although many studies have described prognostic factors, evaluation methods, or surgical techniques for Eustachian tube dysfunction, they relied on the soft tissues of its structure; little is known about its bony structure-the protympanum-which connects the Eustachian tube to the tympanic cavity, and can also be affected by several inflammatory conditions, both from the middle ear or from the nasopharynx...
November 22, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876740/-the-application-of-the-biologically-compatible-cyanacrylate-based-glue-for-ossiculoplasty-in-the-patients-presenting-with-chronic-otitis-media
#7
F V Semenov, N F Skibitskaya
The objective of the study was to improve the functional outcomes of the treatment in the patients presenting with chronic otitis media by means of the combined application of platelet-enriched plasma and the biologically compatible cyanacrylate-based glue for the fixation of the reconstructed auditory ossicular chain. The functional results of the surgery were evaluated within 1, 3, and12 months after the intervention making use of tonal threshold audiometry. It was shown that the use of the platelet-enriched plasma with its subsequent fixation by the biologically compatible cyanacrylate-based glue enhances stability of the implanted prosthetic elements, reduces the risk of their displacement during the postoperative period due to the formation of the cicatrical tissue between the structural components of the middle ear...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876733/-a-rare-observation-of-intralaryngeal-aberrant-goiter
#8
G A Gadzhimirzaev, A M Shakhnazarov, R G Gadzhimirzaeva
This paper was designed to report a rare observation of intralaryngeal aberrant goiter associated with goiter of the main thyroid tissue and chronic suppurative otitis media complicated by the polyp that causes occlusion of the auditory passage. The histomorphological investigation of the material harvested intraoperatively following rehabilitation of the purulent focus in the middle ear and the removal of the tumour from the inside of the right vestibular fold confirmed the diagnosis of colloid goiter.
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876726/-the-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-otogenic-intracranial-complications
#9
G A Gadzhimirzaev, Yu A Dzhamaludinov, R G Gadzhimirzaeva, E Sh Kamalov
We have undertaken the analysis of medical records of the patients presenting with major otogenic intracranial complications (OICC) including purulent meningitis, brain or cerebellum abscess, and thrombosis of sigmoid sinus. The presence of isolated and combined variants of otogenic intracranial complications was documented in 112 (43%) and 148 (56.9%) patients, respectively. The development of OICC in 80% of the patients was associated with exacerbation of chronic suppurative otitis media; in the remaining 20% of the patients OICC were the consequences of acute suppurative otitis media...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873023/therapeutic-efficacy-of-azithromycin-and-acetylcysteine-in-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion
#10
Irena Babić, Tomislav Baudoin, Robert Trotić, Vladimir Bedeković
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common disease in childhood. There is no consensus on the optimal therapeutic option for OME. Considering the known efficacy of acetylcysteine (AC) and azithromycin (AZ) in the treatment of middle ear mucosa, the aim of the study was to assess their efficacy in the management of chronic OME. The study included 90 children with OME, both ears. They are divided into three groups of 30 children. Group 1 (AC) patients were treated with acetylcysteine per os, 3 × 100 mg, for 3 weeks; group 2 (AZ) with body weight adjusted dose of azithromycin for 3 days; and group 3 (AC + AZ) with a combination of acetylcysteine and azithromycin at doses described above...
November 21, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861935/familial-link-of-otitis-media-requiring-tympanostomy-tubes
#11
Reema Padia, Jeremiah A Alt, Karen Curtin, Harlan R Muntz, Richard R Orlandi, Justin Berger, Jeremy D Meier
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Placement of tympanostomy tubes for recurrent or chronic otitis media is the most commonly performed ambulatory procedure in the United States. Etiologies have been speculated to be environmentally based, and studies have suggested a genetic component to the disease. However, no large-scale studies have attempted to define a familial component. The objective of this study was to determine the familial risk of otitis media requiring tympanostomy tubes (OMwTT) in a statewide population...
November 11, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854381/interventions-for-children-with-ear-discharge-occurring-at-least-two-weeks-following-grommet-ventilation-tube-insertion
#12
REVIEW
Roderick P Venekamp, Faisal Javed, Thijs Ma van Dongen, Angus Waddell, Anne Gm Schilder
BACKGROUND: Ear discharge (otorrhoea) is common in children with grommets (ventilation/tympanostomy tubes); the proportion of children developing discharge ranges from 25% to 75%. The most common treatment strategies include oral broad-spectrum antibiotics, antibiotic eardrops or those containing a combination of antibiotic(s) and a corticosteroid, and initial observation. Important drivers for one strategy over the other are concerns over the side effects of oral antibiotics and the potential ototoxicity of antibiotic eardrops...
November 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833878/the-epitympanum-revisited-endoscopic-anatomy
#13
Muaaz Tarabichi, Daniele Marchioni, Mustafa Kapadia
In contrast to other means of studying the epitymapnum, the endoscope allows unparallel access without disruption of anatomy. The aim of this study is to delineate the anatomy of the epitympanum through transcanal endoscopy. Systematic dissection of anatomic specimens. We performed systematic endoscopic dissection of 20 ears in 10 fresh frozen anatomical specimens. A detailed flow sheet was filled up documenting the status of the lateral attic folds, the tensor fold, the cog and the tensor folds, the supratubal recess, and the patency of the anterior and posterior isthmus...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833874/effect-of-type-1-tympanoplasty-on-the-quality-of-life-of-csom-patients
#14
Khyati Bhatia, Lakshmi Vaid, H C Taneja
Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) continues to be an important public health problem despite significant advances in medical science. Ear discharge, pain, discomfort, difficulty in hearing, limitation of routine activities and emotional problems due to CSOM cause a significant impact on the health and general well being of the patient. We have done Type 1 tympanoplasty in tubotympanic type of COM to reconstruct the tympanic membrane and alleviate the symptoms of the patients. This study presents an analysis of the impact of the surgery on the patient subjectively and its correlation with objective outcomes...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833868/evaluation-of-role-of-mastoid-surgery-in-the-management-of-safe-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media
#15
Akriti Sharma, Nitish Baisakhiya, L N Garg, Gurchand Singh
This study evaluates the outcome of type 1 tympanoplasty with and with out mastoidectomy. The comparative study comprises of 40 patients with CSOM safe type in dry ear. All cases were operated during a period of one and a half years. 20 of these cases were selected for tympanoplasty alone (Group A) and 20 cases were selected for Tympanoplasty with cortical mastoidectomy (Group B). Patients were reviewed after 3 weeks for inspection of the operated ear. The second and third postoperative reviews were done 6 and 12 weeks respectively for clinical assessment of the operated ear with respect to graft status, ear discharge and hearing improvement...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829945/intraoperative-endoscopy-of-the-anterior-epitympanum-recess-through-the-posterior-tympanotomy
#16
Emilia B Karchier, Kazimierz Niemczyk, Krzysztof F Morawski, Robert Bartoszewicz, Adam Orłowski
INTRODUCTION: The anterior epitympanum recess (AER) is a common place of the development of the cholesteatoma, which is why removal of the matrix from this area plays a key role in the surgical treatment of chronic otitis media. AIM: To evaluate the intraoperative visibility of AER in endoscopic optics in comparison to microscopic optics and to determine the prevalence of cholesteatoma in various types of construction of the AER. Study design: retrospective analysis of intraoperative search...
2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812691/identification-of-the-bacterial-reservoirs-for-the-middle-ear-using-phylogenic-analysis
#17
Chun Ling Chan, David Wabnitz, Ahmed Bassiouni, Peter-John Wormald, Sarah Vreugde, Alkis James Psaltis
Importance: The adenoid pad has long been considered a reservoir for bacteria in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME). However, bacteria more reminiscent of external auditory canal (EAC) commensals are often demonstrated within middle ear aspirates. Objective: To compare the microbiota of the EAC, the middle ear with OME, and the adenoid pad to further clarify the true source of middle ear bacteria. Design, Setting, and Participants: Middle ear fluid (MEF) aspirates and EAC lavages were collected from 18 children with OME undergoing ventilation tube insertion from June 1, 2014, to August 31, 2015, at Women and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia...
November 3, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811834/the-prevalence-of-persistent-petrosquamosal-sinus-and-other-temporal-bone-anatomical-variations-on-high-resolution-temporal-bone-computed-tomography
#18
Paweł Bożek, Ewa Kluczewska, Maciej Misiołek, Wojciech Ścierski, Grażyna Lisowska
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of petrosquamosal sinus (PSS) and other temporal bone (TB) anatomical variations in various patients using high-resolution computed tomography (CT). MATERIAL AND METHODS We reviewed clinical and consecutively obtained CT data for 276 TBs of 138 patients. The incidence of TB anatomical variations was compared among patients with radiological markers of chronic otitis media (RCOM) and non-RCOM. RESULTS The PSS incidence in our sample was 6.9%, and it was significantly higher in TBs with RCOM (14...
November 4, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810842/pediatric-type-1-cartilage-tympanoplasty-comparison-between-graft-success-rates-and-hearing-results-in-adults
#19
Gültekin Övet, Necat Alataş, Mehmet Şentürk, Fatih Güzelkara
OBJECTIVE: It is an ongoing debate whether tympanoplasty should be performed in the pediatric age group. The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the anatomical and functional outcomes of type I cartilage tympanoplasty in children and adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The file records of patients who underwent type 1 cartilage tympanoplasty were retrospectively reviewed. In total, 133 patients who underwent type 1 tympanoplasty for chronic otitis media were included...
August 1, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810214/comparison-of-ultrasound-imaging-and-video-otoscopy-with-cross-sectional-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-of-canine-otitis-media
#20
J Classen, A Bruehschwein, A Meyer-Lindenberg, R S Mueller
Ultrasound imaging (US) of the tympanic bulla (TB) for diagnosis of canine otitis media (OM) is less expensive and less invasive than cross-sectional imaging techniques including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Video otoscopy (VO) is used to clean inflamed ears. The objective of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of US and VO in OM using cross-sectional imaging as the reference standard. Client owned dogs with clinical signs of OE and/or OM were recruited for the study...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
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