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Panuveitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345954/chest-radiographic-screening-for-sarcoidosis-in-the-diagnosis-of-patients-with-active-uveitis
#1
Fahriye Groen, Jan A M van Laar, Aniki Rothova
RATIONALE: Although chest radiography is currently recommended for the initial evaluation of patients with new onset uveitis, the efficacy of this diagnostic screening modality is not known. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic value of chest radiographs in patients with active uveitis of recent onset in a tertiary center in Western Europe. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted by reviewing all chest imaging for adults with new onset (<1 year) uveitis of unknown origin undergoing initial evaluation in the Department of Ophthalmology at Erasmus University Medical Center (Rotterdam, the Netherlands)...
March 27, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323505/pattern-of-uveitis-in-a-referral-hospital-in-bangladesh
#2
Zahedur Rahman, Ziaul Ahsan, Niaz Abdur Rahman, Parthopratim Dutta Majumder
PURPOSE: To report the pattern of uveitis in a tertiary eye care center in Bangladesh. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all uveitis cases visiting uveitis clinic of Bangladesh Eye Hospital between January, 2009 and April, 2015. RESULTS: In total, 652 patients (mean age 32.3 years, female 47.8%) were included in the study. Uveitis was bilateral in 42.6% of cases. Anterior uveitis was the most common (39.2%) case, closely followed by intermediate uveitis (22...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318350/clinical-course-and-outcomes-of-pediatric-tubercular-uveitis-in-north-india
#3
Savleen Kaur, Kanika Aggarwal, Aniruddha Agarwal, Deepti Suri, Anju Gupta, Ramandeep Singh, Reema Bansal, Surjit Singh, Nirbhai Singh, Amod Gupta, Vishali Gupta
PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical features, course, management, and outcomes of tubercular (TB) uveitis in the pediatric population and assess the response to anti-tubercular therapy (ATT). METHODS: Hospital records of children (≤16 years) from a large tertiary-care institute between January 2001 and December 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 32 children (mean age: 10.7 ± 4.27 years; range 2-16) were diagnosed with TB-associated uveitis...
March 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318342/pattern-of-uveitic-hypotony-in-a-tertiary-eye-hospital-in-india
#4
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Keerthi Burugupalli, Nitin Kumar Menia, Sudha K Ganesh, Jyotirmay Biswas
PURPOSE: To report pattern of uveitic patients with hypotony in Indian population. METHODS: Retrospective medical record review of 30 eyes of 21 consecutive patients with uveitic hypotony. Patient demographics, ocular findings and systemic association were recorded. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 29.5 years (range 7-71 years) and 80.9%(17 patients) were below the age of 40 years. Most common complaint associated with the development of hypotony was diminution of vision (26 eyes; 86...
March 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301414/ocular-toxicity-after-inadvertent-intracameral-injection-of-high-dose-of-cefuroxime-during-cataract-surgery-a-case-series
#5
Radua Kamal-Salah, Olayinka Osoba, Edward Doyle
PURPOSE: To report ocular side effects after inadvertent intracameral injection of a high dose of cefuroxime. METHODS: Nineteen eyes of 19 patients were seen in our eye department 1 week after the referring surgeon had injected an erroneous dose of intracameral cefuroxime (12.5 mg/0.1 mL in 14 patients, Group A, and 10 mg/0.1 mL in 5 patients, Group B) at the end of a cataract surgery. A complete ophthalmic examination was performed postoperatively. RESULTS: Eight patients (42...
March 15, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293699/-lues-ocular-syphilis
#6
T Neß
Ocular syphilis is not a new issue but due to increasing rates of new cases is now a contemporary issue. The clinical features are unspecific and can be manifested as all forms of ocular inflammation. Unspecific anterior uveitis is the most frequent ocular involvement; however, typical distinctive patterns are superficial white preretinal precipitates within a panuveitis and acute syphilitic posterior placoid chorioretinitis. The diagnosis should be confirmed by serological tests. Treatment is based on parenteral administration of penicillin...
March 14, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257832/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-cataract-in-children-with-uveitis
#7
Tamar Blum-Hareuveni, Sophie Seguin-Greenstein, Michal Kramer, Guy Hareuveni, Yael Sharon, Ronit Friling, Lazha Sharief, Sue Lightman, Oren Tomkins-Netzer
PURPOSE: To determine the risk factors for the development of cataract in children with uveitis of any etiology. DESIGN: Cohort study METHODS: 247 eyes of 140 children with uveitis were evaluated for the development of vision affecting cataract. Demographic, clinical and treatment data were collected between the time of presentation and the first instance cataract was recorded or findings at final follow-up. Main outcome measures included prevalence of cataract and distribution by type of uveitis, incidence of new onset cataract time to cataract development and risk factors for the development of cataract...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253223/observation-and-clinical-pattern-in-patients-with-white-dot-syndromes-the-role-of-color-photography-in-monitoring-ocular-changes-in-long-term-observation
#8
Joanna Brydak-Godowska, Joanna Gołębiewska, Monika Turczyńska, Joanna Moneta-Wielgoś, Agnieszka Samsel, Piotr K Borkowski, Michał Ciszek, Agnieszka Płonecka-Rodzoch, Aleksandra Kużnik-Borkowska, Joanna Ciszewska, Elżbieta Makomaska-Szaroszyk, Lidia B Brydak, Dariusz Kęcik
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the clinical course and distinctive features of different white dot syndromes (WDS) in patients attending the Ophthalmology Department, Medical University of Warsaw in the years 1995-2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-two (62) patients (43 females and 19 males), aged 18 to 77 years, referred with a WDS were included in this prospective study, with observation period ranging from 5 months to 16 years. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination and multimodal imaging studies...
March 2, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243891/igg4-related-disease-presenting-as-panuveitis-without-scleral-involvement
#9
REVIEW
Kinda Najem, Larissa Derzko-Dzulynsky, Edward A Margolin
BACKGROUND: The following case emphasizes the importance of including IgG4-related disease (RD) in the differential diagnosis of intraocular inflammation and multiple cranial nerve palsies. RESULTS: A 33-year-old man, with a history of idiopathic bilateral panuveitis, presented with a new right pupillary-sparing partial third nerve palsy, which spontaneously resolved in 2 weeks, but was followed 1 month later, by a right sixth nerve palsy, which also resolved within a few weeks...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237149/enhanced-depth-imaging-optical-coherence-tomography-in-patients-with-different-phases-of-behcet-s-panuveitis
#10
Nilufer Yesilirmak, Wen-Hsiang Lee, Sirel Gur Gungor, Eylem Yaman Pinarci, Imren Akkoyun, Gursel Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in choroidal thickness (CT) at 13 different points between "active," "remission," and "end-stage" phase of Behcet's panuveitis and compare this with the age, sex, and spherical equivalent matched healthy controls using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography. DESIGN: Prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-five eyes of 45 patients with Behcet's panuveitis (19 eyes with active phase, 48 eyes with remission phase, and 18 eyes with end-stage phase) and 84 eyes of 42 controls were enrolled in this study...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229433/adalimumab-a-review-in-non-infectious-non-anterior-uveitis
#11
Sheridan M Hoy
Adalimumab (Humira(®)) is a tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitor available in various countries worldwide, including the USA, Japan and those of the EU, for the treatment of non-infectious intermediate, posterior and panuveitis in adults. It is the first biological agent approved for this indication. In two multinational, phase III studies in adults with active and inactive disease, subcutaneous adalimumab significantly reduced the risk of treatment failure relative to placebo following the tapered withdrawal of corticosteroid therapy...
February 22, 2017: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223848/severe-panuveitis-in-neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-in-malaysia-a-case-series
#12
Khairuddin Othman, Ahmad Tajudin Liza-Sharmini, Mohtar Ibrahim, John Tharakan, Ryoji Yanai, Embong Zunaina
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystemic disease that is very rare in Malaysia. About 5% of patients develop central nervous system involvement, termed neuro-Behçet's. Neuro-Behçet's is one of the most serious causes of long-term morbidity and mortality. We report two cases of neuro-Behçet's associated with uveitis (ocular BD) highlighting the clinical presentation, diagnostic measurement, and therapeutic management of these cases.
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157425/clinical-features-and-prognostic-factors-in-presumed-ocular-tuberculosis
#13
Cristhian A Urzua, Yrbani Lantigua, Sergio Abuauad, Paulina Liberman, Osvaldo Berger, Pablo Sabat, Victor Velasquez, Enzo Castiglione, Margarita Calonge
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical features in patients with presumed ocular tuberculosis (TB) and determine prognostic factors of visual outcomes and complications in this disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective case series of 35 patients (29 females, 6 males) with presumed ocular TB from referral centers in Chile and Spain between 2002 and 2012. Medical records were reviewed, and data regarding clinical features, complications, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), duration of disease, extraocular manifestations, and therapy were retrieved...
February 3, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145942/clinical-pathologic-correlation-of-sarcoidosis-associated-multifocal-chorioretinitis-in-an-elderly-patient
#14
Mohamed G A Saleh, John L OʼDonnell, Ronald P Davis, David Wilson, Phoebe Lin
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To describe a case of histopathologic clinical correlation of sarcoidosis-related multifocal chorioretinitis in an elderly individual. METHODS: This is a single case report and review of the pertinent literature. A 72-year-old white woman with a history of asthma was referred with bilateral asymmetric low-grade chronic panuveitis with advancing peripheral punched-out chorioretinal lesions despite systemic corticosteroid treatment. RESULTS: Coalescent chorioretinal punched-out lesions on fundus examination in the more severely affected right eye did not respond to corticosteroid treatment, and the refractory nature resulted in a suspicion of intraocular lymphoma despite a previous inconclusive diagnostic vitrectomy result...
January 31, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140700/adalimumab-for-the-treatment-of-uveitis
#15
Kara C LaMattina, Debra A Goldstein
Adalimumab, an inhibitor of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), is the only systemic non-corticosteroid agent which has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of non-infectious uveitis. Areas covered:The aim of this review is to summarize the research which demonstrated the effectiveness of adalimumab in the treatment of intraocular inflammation and helped to establish its side effect profile, ultimately leading to its FDA approval. Expert commentary:Adalimumab is a useful second-line agent in the treatment of non-infectious uveitis...
January 31, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112089/the-intraocular-cd4-cd8-ratio-in-a-black-south-african-patient-with-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-uveitis
#16
A Makgotloe
A 33-year-old black South African male patient was referred to our uveitis service with a 5-year history of panuveitis refractory to treatment. He had an associated history of recurrent mouth and genital ulcers, predating the uveitis history by about 2 years. The measurement of his intraocular CD4/CD8 ratio helped make a diagnosis of Behçet's disease uveitis.
December 21, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070744/changes-in-patterns-of-uveitis-at-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-northern-italy-analysis-of-990-consecutive-cases
#17
Cimino Luca, Aldigeri Raffaella, Marchi Sylvia, Mastrofilippo Valentina, Viscogliosi Fabiana, Coassin Marco, Soldani Annamaria, Savoldi Luisa, De Fanti Alessandro, Belloni Lucia, Zerbini Alessandro, Parmeggiani Maria, Chersich Matthew, Soriano Alessandra, Salvarani Carlo, Fontana Luigi
PURPOSE: The role of uveitis, an uncommon ocular disease, is often neglected in research and treatment of autoimmune conditions. The study described the spectrum of uveitis at a referral center in North Italy, and compared that to a previously published series of patients. METHODS: We reviewed all patients with uveitis diagnosed from 2013 to 2015 at the Immunology Eye Unit, Arcispedale S. M. Nuova-IRCCS, Reggio Emilia, Italy. We examined patient characteristics, disease spectrum, and etiologies...
January 9, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035499/treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-presumed-tubercular-uveitis-at-a-tertiary-referral-eye-care-centre-in-singapore
#18
Leslie Ang, Aera Kee, Tun Hang Yeo, V G Dinesh, Su Ling Ho, Stephen C Teoh, Rupesh Agrawal
AIM: To report the clinical features and outcome of patients with presumed tubercular uveitis (TBU). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with presumed TBU at a tertiary referral eye care centre in Singapore between 2007 and 2012 was done. Main outcome measures were failure of complete resolution of uveitis or recurrence of inflammation. RESULTS: Fifty three patients with mean age of 44.18 ± 15.26 years with 54.72% being males were included...
December 29, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018458/successful-treatment-of-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-uveitis-with-steroid-and-azathioprine-in-a-12-year-old-boy
#19
Ji Eun Kim, Se Jin Park, Ji Young Oh, Hyeon Joo Jeong, Ji Hong Kim, Jae Il Shin
Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) syndrome is a rare disease, often underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed in children. We describe the case of a 12-year-old boy who presented to Severance Hospital with a 1-month history of bilateral conjunctival injection. He was first evaluated by an Ophthalmologist in another hospital and diagnosed with panuveitis. Laboratory tests indicated renal failure, and a renal biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of acute tubulointerstitial nephritis. An extensive exclusion of all possible causes allowed a diagnosis of TINU syndrome...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010155/change-in-visual-function-in-uveitis-patients-after-treatment-an-experience-from-nepal
#20
Nita Sunam Gamal, Ranju Kharel Sitaula, Dev Narayan Shah
PURPOSE: To assess the change in visual function in uveitis patients after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This one and a half year prospective study was conducted among 180 new uveitis patients. A questionnaire was used to assess the visual function in uveitis cases and analysis of effect size change was also done. RESULTS: The male to female ratio was 1.3:1. The mean vision at presentation was 0.49 logMAR units, which improved to 0.39 logMAR units and 0...
December 23, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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