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Panuveitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120678/patterns-of-uveitis-at-two-university-based-referral-centres-in-cape-town-south-africa
#1
Wilna Rautenbach, Jonel Steffen, Derrick Smit, Karin Lecuona, Tonya Esterhuizen
PURPOSE: To analyze the pattern of uveitis at two tertiary hospitals in South Africa which has a high prevalence of HIV, TB and syphilis. METHODS: Data of 198 patients were obtained retrospectively between August 2014 and August 2016, including patient demographics, clinical examination, special investigations and final diagnosis. RESULTS: Infectious uveitis was the most common aetiological category (47%), followed by idiopathic (34.8%) and non-infectious (18...
November 9, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099497/tuberculosis-and-other-causes-of-uveitis-in-indonesia
#2
R La Distia Nora, R Sitompul, M Bakker, M Susiyanti, L Edwar, S Sjamsoe, G Singh, M P van Hagen, A Rothova
PurposeThe purpose of this study is to assess the causes of uveitis in Indonesia and determine the importance of tuberculosis (TB) as a cause of uveitis.Patients and methodsProspective cohort study examining 146 consecutive new human immunodeficiency virus-negative patients with active uveitis between June 2014 and May 2015. We assessed the anatomic locations and specific causes of uveitis, as well as associations with infectious and non-infectious systemic diseases. We determined the prevalence of positive QuantiFERON Tb Gold test (QFT) results in Indonesian patients with uveitis and calculated the number of patients with active systemic TB...
November 3, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083984/review-of-epidemiology-of-uveitis-in-asia-pattern-of-uveitis-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-the-philippines
#3
Jessica Marie Abaño, Pia Regina Galvante, Paul Siopongco, Kunny Dans, Juan Lopez
PURPOSE: To describe the pattern of uveitis in patients seen at the uveitis clinic of the East Avenue Medical Center, Philippines. METHODS: Clinical records of patients seen from January 2010 to June 2015 were reviewed. Data collected included demographics, clinical presentation, associated systemic disease, work-up, and diagnosis. RESULTS: A total of 595 records were reviewed. The mean age at presentation was 38 ± 18.4 years. The majority of the cases were unilateral and chronic...
2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075752/clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-tubercular-uveitis-treated-with-antitubercular-therapy-in-the-collaborative-ocular-tuberculosis-study-cots-1
#4
Rupesh Agrawal, Dinesh Visva Gunasekeran, Robert Grant, Aniruddha Agarwal, Onn Min Kon, Quan Dong Nguyen, Carlos Pavesio, Vishali Gupta
Importance: Eradication of systemic tuberculosis (TB) has been limited by neglected populations and the HIV pandemic. Whereas ocular TB often presents as uveitis without any prior evidence of systemic TB, the existing uncertainty in the diagnosis of TB uveitis may perpetuate missed opportunities to address systemic TB. Objective: To examine the clinical features of TB uveitis and the associations with response to antitubercular therapy (ATT). Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective multinational cohort study included patients from 25 ophthalmology referral centers diagnosed with TB uveitis and treated with ATT from January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2014, with a minimum follow-up of 1 year...
October 26, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069031/clinical-manifestations-and-treatment-outcomes-of-syphilitic-uveitis-in-hiv-negative-patients-in-china-a-retrospective-case-study
#5
Jiang Zhu, Yuan Jiang, Yewen Shi, Bo Zheng, Zhiguo Xu, Wei Jia
Syphilitic chorioretinitis should be included in differential diagnosis of any form of ocular inflammation. A significantly higher proportion of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with ocular syphilis as compared to HIV-negative cases have been reported in published studies. However, the clinical signs and symptoms are more insidious in HIV-negative patients who are easily misdiagnosed. We report a series of cases of ocular syphilis and describe the clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes of syphilitic chorioretinitis in HIV-negative patients in China...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053397/combined-intravitreal-and-systemic-antibiotic-therapy-in-a-patient-with-syphilitic-uveitis
#6
Arjun B Sood, William A Pearce, Kimberly A Workowski, James Lockwood, Steven Yeh
PURPOSE: To report the novel use of combined intravitreal and systemic antibiotic therapy in a patient with syphilitic panuveitis and discuss the management of ocular syphilis. METHODS: Case report Results: A 45-year old heterosexual male with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) presented with 1 month of blurry vision in both eyes. Clinical examination revealed a bilateral panuveitis. The patient denied history of genital lesions or rash, but did complain of difficulty hearing bilaterally...
October 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050190/-current-research-of-sympathetic-ophthalmia
#7
Y Di, J J Ye
Sympathetic ophthalmia (SO) is a rare, bilateral, non-necrotizing, granulomatous uveitis that usually occurs after open ocular injury or intraocular surgery. The pathophysiology is not clearly understood, but generally SO is an immediate hypersensitivity mediated by T lymphocytes which are related to ocular tissue antigens. The main histopathological features are granulation tissues composed of lymphocytes, macrophages and multinucleated giant cells. The clinical manifestations are different from person to person, which might be mild or severe...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044084/infectious-chorioretinitis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#8
Sudha K Ganesh, B Sowkath Ali, H N Madhavan
A 44-year-old male presented with a history of defective vision in the right eye for the past 5 months with the previous history of tubercular cervical lymphadenitis. On examination, right eye revealed panuveitis with dense vitritis and chorioretinitis in the superotemporal quadrant. His Mantoux test was positive (25 mm × 25 mm induration), QuantiFERON-TB Gold was test positive, aqueous aspirate was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome, negative for viruses and toxoplasma, and hence he was initiated on four-drug antitubercular therapy (ATT) with oral steroids...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044082/rickettsial-retinitis-direct-bacterial-infection-or-an-immune-mediated-response
#9
Rohan Chawla, Gadkar Amit Pundlik, Rama Chaudhry, Chandan Thakur
Infectious retinitis postfebrile illness is known to be caused by chikungunya, dengue, West Nile virus, Bartonella, Lyme's disease, Rift Valley fever, rickettsia, Herpes viruses etc. Rickettsia is Gram-negative bacteria transmitted by arthropods vectors. Ocular involvement is common including conjunctivitis, keratitis, anterior uveitis, panuveitis, retinitis, retinal vascular changes, and optic nerve involvement. Retinitis lesions in rickettsia can occur because of an immunological response to the bacteria or because of direct invasion and proliferation of bacteria in the inner retina...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038978/panuveitis-like-reaction-following-encircling-laser-retinopexy-cerclage-in-a-21-year-old-male
#10
David Francis Fullon Chan, Milagros Herrera-Arroyo, Darby E Santiago, Teresita R Castillo, Ma Florentina Q Fajardo-Gomez
BACKGROUND: Severe vision-impairing ocular inflammation is rarely reported following extensive laser. Previous cases have involved retinal photocoagulation for diabetic retinopathy resolving over days. This report documents a rare instance of this where encircling retinopexy/cerclage was done as fellow eye retinal detachment prophylaxis in a patient with no overt comorbidities. RESULTS: A panuveitis-like reaction with severe, near-total visual impairment was documented 1 day following single-sitting encircling laser retinopexy/cerclage done as fellow eye prophylaxis for a 21-year-old male presenting with total retinal detachment in the other eye...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022962/retinal-necrosis-as-the-initial-presentation-of-primary-intraocular-lymphoma
#11
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Nirupama Raghothaman, Ranju Kharel, Nitin Kumar, Vikas Khetan
A 72 years old female presented with bilateral painless progressive loss of vision over one year. She was diagnosed as non-resolving bilateral panuveitis. Her visual acuity in right eye was hand movement close to face and left eye was perception of light with inaccurate projection of rays. Bilateral anterior chamber had 1+ cells and flares. Vitreous cells had 1+ cells and haze in right eye but the left eye had 3+ vitreous cells and haze. Right eye fundus had multiple, discrete sub retinal yellowish deposits with subretinal haemorrhage and macular edema with perivascular infiltrates...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022761/noninvasive-ocular-drug-delivery-system-of-dexamethasone-sodium-phosphate-in-the-treatment-of-experimental-uveitis-rabbit
#12
Kongnara Papangkorn, Eri Prendergast, John W Higuchi, Balbir Brar, William I Higuchi
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of dexamethasone sodium phosphate administered through Visulex system (DSP-Visulex) in treating experimental uveitis. METHODS: Uveitis was induced in rabbits by subcutaneous injections of complete Freund's adjuvant and an intravitreal injection of H37RA antigen. After induction, the animals of the control group received no treatment and the others received various treatment regimens of DSP-Visulex. Each regimen was different in DSP strength (4%, 8%, and 15%), application time, or treatment frequency...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020491/ocular-syphilis-an-update
#13
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Elizabeth J Chen, Janika Shah, Dawn Ching Wen Ho, Jyotirmay Biswas, Leo See Yin, Vishali Gupta, Carlos Pavesio, Rupesh Agrawal
This review aims to provide an update on the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of ocular syphilis. While ocular syphilis is not a new phenomenon, recent resurgence in the incidence of overall syphilis, particularly among HIV-positive individuals, has sparked a new interest in an old disease. The challenge of ocular syphilis is manifold: firstly, it manifests in a spectrum of ways that can occur at any stage of the disease, with the most common finding being panuveitis. It may occur as early as 6 weeks after transmission and may be the only presenting feature of systemic syphilis; secondly, the relationship between HIV and syphilis has been established, as primary syphilis facilitates HIV transmission and HIV may modify the natural course of syphilis, increasing the propensity of the disease to progress to neurosyphilis...
October 11, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020486/ocular-manifestations-and-visual-outcomes-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-uveitis-in-a-thai-population
#14
Kessara Pathanapitoon, Paradee Kunavisarut, Fa-Arun Saravuttikul, Aniki Rothova
PURPOSE: To report on ocular manifestations and visual outcomes of Thai patients with Behçet's Uveitis (BU). METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 50 BU patients (31 males and 19 females). Ocular manifestations, treatment modalities, complications, and visual outcomes were registered. RESULTS: Ocular involvement was bilateral in 76% of patients, resulting in 89 affected eyes. Panuveitis and posterior uveitis were the most common types. Retinal vasculitis was noted in majority of affected eyes and specifically arteritis was noticed in 32/57(56%)...
October 11, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991501/ocular-autoimmune-systemic-inflammatory-infectious-study-report-3-posterior-and-panuveitis
#15
Joanne H Lee, Helen Mi, Rachel Lim, Su Ling Ho, Wee Kiak Lim, Stephen C Teoh, Rupesh Agrawal
PURPOSE: To report the pattern of posterior and panuveitis at a tertiary referral center in Singapore. METHODS: Subgroup retrospective analysis of 334 new posterior and panuveitis cases, from the Ocular Autoimmune Systemic Inflammatory Infectious Study (OASIS) database. Descriptive analysis was performed and visual outcome and complications were reported. RESULTS: The etiology for posterior uveitis and panuveitis was infectious in 162 patients (48...
October 9, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982354/subretinal-echinococcosis-a-case-report
#16
Chunying Guo, Ruilin Zhu, Jianxing Qiu, Lina Zhu, Liu Yang
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis is a dangerous zoonotic parasitic disease. Ocular echinococcosis is very rare, especially the hydatid cysts in subretinal space. We present a case of subretinal echinococcosis and management. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old man with subretinal echinococcosis who developed panuveitis and visual impairment. The patient lives on agriculture and animal husbandry, which made him susceptible to parasitic infection. He had severe panuveitis and blurred vision on arrival at hospital...
October 5, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980216/tuberculous-uveitis-association-between-anti-tuberculous-therapy-and-clinical-response-in-a-non-endemic-country
#17
Kristina L Bajema, Kaivon Pakzad-Vaezi, Thomas Hawn, Kathryn L Pepple
BACKGROUND: The study aims to report the association between successful uveitis control following anti-tuberculous therapy (ATT) for uveitis associated with a positive tuberculosis (TB) screening test in a low endemic setting. A retrospective chart review of cases between 2010 and 2017 at a tertiary uveitis referral center in the United States of America was conducted. Subjects with any form of uveitis, a positive TB interferon-gamma release assay or tuberculin skin test, and negative evaluation for other causes of uveitis were included...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967076/aflibercept-in-the-management-of-acute-retinal-necrosis-syndrome-related-macular-edema
#18
Leticia Ortega-Evangelio, Javier Navarrete-Sanchis, Basil K Williams, Juan Miguel Tomás-Torrent
PURPOSE: Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is a panuveitis syndrome that may lead to severe complications such as cystoid macular edema (CME). There is no consensus about the best treatment. We report one case of CME secondary to ARN managed with intravitreal aflibercept. CASE REPORT: A 41-year-old woman with a history of successfully treated varicella-zoster virus-associated ARN developed an epiretinal membrane (ERM) and underwent pars plana vitrectomy, ERM removal, inner limiting membrane peel, and lensectomy...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960124/coexisting-phacoanaphylaxis-and-choroidal-melanoma-an-unusual-intraocular-inflammation
#19
Lei-Chi Wang, Jonathan W Kim, Narsing A Rao
PURPOSE: To describe an unusual case of panuveitis in coexisting choroidal melanoma and phacoanaphylaxis. METHODS: Clinical records of the patient with intraocular melanoma and pathologic findings of the affected eye were reviewed. Composition of inflammatory infiltrates involving the tumor and lens was evaluated immunohistochemically. RESULTS: Histologically, tumor showed a choroidal mixed cell type malignant melanoma with infiltration of inflammatory cells...
September 29, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947410/epidemiological-profile-of-patients-with-uveitis-in-boko-and-parakou-in-northern-b%C3%A3-nin
#20
K D Ayena, K Vonor, M A K Santos, I Sounouvou, L Odoulami-Yehouessi, J W Diallo, S Monteiro, Y E Nagbe, K Balo
To describe the epidemiology of uveitis in northern Bénin. This retrospective study carried out from records describing 10 years of uveitis care in 2 eye clinics in northern Bénin. The sample of 623 eyes with uveitis in 489 patients accounted for 1.0% of all consultations. A male predominance was observed with a sex-ratio of 1.5 (297 m/192 F). The patients' mean age was 35.7 ± 16.1 years, and the age range most often affected was 20-39 years. The uveitis was anterior in 32.3 %, posterior in 29.0 %, intermediate in 28...
August 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
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