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Madan Upadhyay, Ranju Kharel Sitaula, Bharat Shrestha, Bhaiya Khanal, Bishnu Psd Upadhyay, Jeevan B Sherchand, Prakash Ghimire
PURPOSE: This review aims to provide a detailed update in Seasonal hypercute panuveitis (SHAPU) which is a blinding disease of unknown etiology reported only from Nepal, occurring every odd year since 1975 predominantly in children. METHODS: Data sources were literature reviewed using PubMed, Medline, and ISI Databases (since 1975 to late 2017). Search items included SHAPU, seasonal endophthalmitis, hypopyon uveitis, caterpillar induced uveitis alone or in combination with white moth, panuveitis, and review...
March 15, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Neacșu Gheorghe Boricean, Oana Roxana Scripcă
We present the case of a 49-year-old patient who was treated with Aripriprazole in context of Paranoid Schizophrenia. The patient had a history of numerous Panuveitis recurrences for the left eye, which led to a marked decrease of the vision VA-NLP and was diagnosed with Multifocal Choroiditis and Panuveitis for the right eye. The examination revealed VA of 20/ 200 for right eye, keratic precipitates, and vitritis. Fundus aspect of the right eye showed multiple discrete, ovoid, yellowish-grey lesions at the posterior pole and periphery, optic disc oedema was present...
October 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Qu-Knafo Lise, Auregan-Giocanti Audrey
Purpose: To report a case of bilateral panuveitis with multifocal choroiditis associated with a systemic sarcoidosis unmasked by pembrolizumab. Case report: A 68-years old woman with a history of metastatic melanoma treated by pembrolizumab consulted for bilateral blurred vision. The ophthalmologic examination revealed a bilateral anterior uveitis with cells in the anterior chamber and granulomatous keratic precipitates, vitreous cells and multifocal choroiditis confirmed by indocyanine green angiography...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Traimat Boonthai, Thomas P Loch, Coja J Yamashita, Geoffrey D Smith, Andrew D Winters, Matti Kiupel, Travis O Brenden, Mohamed Faisal
BACKGROUND: Mortality episodes have affected young-of-year smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) in several river systems in Pennsylvania since 2005. A series of laboratory experiments were performed to determine the potential role of largemouth bass virus (Ranavirus, Iridoviridae) in causing these events. RESULTS: Juvenile smallmouth bass experimentally infected with the largemouth bass virus exhibited internal and external clinical signs and mortality consistent with those observed during die-offs...
March 2, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Ke-Hao Huang, Ming-Cheng Tai, Lung-Chi Lee, Tzu-Heng Weng, Yi-Hao Chen, Li-Fan Lin, Jiann-Torng Chen, Da-Wen Lu, Ching-Long Chen
RATIONALE: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome is a rare disease and could be associated with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). This report was aimed to investigate the utility of F-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) for the diagnosis of VKH syndrome with AITD and to perform a literature review on the association between the 2 diseases. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old woman without the history of ocular trauma suffered from chronic headache...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tomohito Sato, Rina Kinoshita, Manzo Taguchi, Sunao Sugita, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Yutaka Sakurai, Masaru Takeuchi
Vitreous opacity (VO) is a common feature of intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, and panuveitis. Fundus observation is critical for determining the etiology of uveitis, however, is often interfered with VO. In these clinical settings, vitrectomy contributes to a correct diagnosis and guides alternative management strategies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield and surgical outcome of vitrectomy in uveitic patients with VO and compare the visual outcome between infectious and noninfectious uveitis...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Belén Atienza-Mateo, Vanesa Calvo-Río, Emma Beltrán, Lucía Martínez-Costa, Elia Valls-Pascual, Marisa Hernández-Garfella, Antonio Atanes, Miguel Cordero-Coma, Joan Miquel Nolla, Carmen Carrasco-Cubero, Javier Loricera, María C González-Vela, Nuria Vegas-Revenga, Carlos Fernández-Díaz, Rosalía Demetrio-Pablo, Lucía C Domínguez-Casas, José Luis Martín-Varillas, Natalia Palmou-Fontana, José L Hernández, Miguel Á González-Gay, Ricardo Blanco
Objective: To assess the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) in refractory uveitis of Behçet's disease (BD). Methods: Multicentre study of patients with BD-associated uveitis. Patients were refractory to conventional and biologic immunosuppressive drugs. The main outcome measures were intraocular inflammation, macular thickness, visual acuity and corticosteroid-sparing effects. Results: We studied 11 patients (7 men) (20 affected eyes); median age 35 years...
February 19, 2018: Rheumatology
Ariel Schlaen, Mariana Ingolotti, Cristobal Couto, Mario Saravia
Purpose: To report the spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) features of a focal retinitis in an elderly male patient with bilateral syphilitic panuveitis. Observations: In the left eye (LE), spectral domain SD-OCT images during the active period revealed hyperreflectivity extending through the full thickness of the retina with no individualization of the layers, except for the retinal pigment epithelium. Once the lesion healed, SD-OCT imaging revealed an inner retinal atrophy and a mild disruption of the retinal pigment epithelium...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Jonathan Tl Lee, William B Yates, Sophie Rogers, Denis Wakefield, Peter McCluskey, Lyndell L Lim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compare the efficacy of adalimumab in eyes with active and inactive non-infectious uveitis in the real-world setting. METHODS: Multicentre, retrospective, chart review of patients with refractory non-infectious uveitis treated with adalimumab. Main outcome measures included reduction of prednisolone dose, ability to taper immunosuppressives and a composite endpoint of treatment failure encompassing active inflammatory chorioretinal or retinal vascular lesions, intraocular inflammation grade and visual acuity...
February 19, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Jessica Cervantes, Alexandra Price, Kate Oberlin, Alyx Rosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
Iris Deitch, Radgonde Amer, Oren Tomkins-Netzer, Zohar Habot-Wilner, Ronit Friling, Ron Neumann, Michal Kramer
PURPOSE: This study aimed to report the clinical outcome of children with uveitis treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) agents. METHODS: This included a retrospective cohort study. Children with uveitis treated with infliximab or adalimumab in 2008-2014 at five dedicated uveitis clinics were identified by database search. Their medical records were reviewed for demographic data, clinical presentation, ocular complications, and visual outcome. Systemic side effects and the steroid-sparing effect of treatment were documented...
February 18, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Eric B Suhler, Alfredo Adán, Antoine P Brézin, Eric Fortin, Hiroshi Goto, Glenn J Jaffe, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Michal Kramer, Lyndell L Lim, Cristina Muccioli, Quan Dong Nguyen, Joachim Van Calster, Luca Cimino, Martina Kron, Alexandra P Song, Jianzhong Liu, Sophia Pathai, Anne Camez, Ariel Schlaen, Mirjam E J van Velthoven, Albert T Vitale, Manfred Zierhut, Samir Tari, Andrew D Dick
PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of adalimumab in patients with noninfectious intermediate, posterior, or panuveitis. DESIGN: Phase 3, open-label, multicenter clinical trial extension (VISUAL III). PARTICIPANTS: Adults meeting treatment failure (TF) criteria or who completed VISUAL I or II (phase 3, randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled) without TF. METHODS: Patients received adalimumab 40 mg every other week...
February 8, 2018: Ophthalmology
Reema Bansal, Amod Gupta, Ritesh Agarwal, Mohit Dogra, Garvit Bhutani, Vishali Gupta, M R Dogra, Deeksha Katoch, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Aman Sharma, Raje Nijhawan, Ritambara Nada, Uma Nahar Saikia, Pranab Dey, Digambar Behera
PURPOSE: To report the role of CT chest and cytology in suspected tubercular and sarcoid uveitis. METHODS: This is a retrospective, interventional case series of 376 uveitis patients with suspected ocular tuberculosis (TB)/sarcoidosis seen between January 2010 and April 2015 at the Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh. All underwent CT chest, and had following inclusion criteria: (1) Presence of active granulomatous anterior/intermediate/posterior uveitis or panuveitis; (2) a documented tuberculin skin test/QuantiFERON-TB Gold test; (3) all other causes of infectious/non-infectious uveitis ruled out...
February 8, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Paradee Kunavisarut, Titipol Srisomboon, Direk Patikulsila, Janejit Choovuthayakorn, Nawat Watanachai, Voraporn Chaikitmongkol, Kessara Pathanapitoon, Aniki Rothova
PURPOSE: To describe risk factors for development of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in patients with uveitis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 411 consecutive human immunodeficiency virus-negative patients with uveitis (571 affected eyes) and report on prevalence, risk factors and visual outcomes of patients with RRD. RESULTS: Prevalence of RRD was 7% of all patients with uveitis. Multivariate analysis revealed that posterior uveitis and panuveitis were associated with RRD (P = 0...
February 8, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Namita Dave, Priyanka Chevour, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Anitha Venkatesh, Ankush Kawali, Rohit Shetty, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Swaminathan Sethu
PURPOSE: To determine aqueous humor CD4+/CD8+ T-lymphocyte ratio changes in sarcoid and non-sarcoid uveitis with anterior chamber involvement. METHODS: The case-control study includes 61 patients with either anterior uveitis, intermediate uveitis with anterior spill, or panuveitis. A total of 21 of them were categorized as sarcoid uveitis and 40 as non-sarcoid uveitis according to diagnostic criteria. CD4+/CD8+ ratio in the aqueous humor was determined using flow cytometry...
February 8, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Warinyupa Pinitpuwadol, Sucheera Sarunket, Sutasinee Boonsopon, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Pitipol Choopong
BACKGROUND: Although atypical mycobacteria had been increasingly found in various ocular infections in the past decades, a slow-growing Mycobacterium haemophilum (M. haemophilum) was scarcely reported. Similar to tuberculous infection, the presentation can masquerade as low-grade granulomatous intraocular inflammation with partial response to corticosteroids. Besides, the special requirements for culture make this pathogen difficult to diagnose. The study aims to report the clinical presentation and notify the awareness of NTM endophthalmitis among clinicians...
February 7, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Awad Al-Qarni, Marwan A Abouammoh, Abdullah N Almousa, Ahmed Mousa, Ahmed M Abu El-Asrar
PURPOSE: To describe clinical characteristics and outcomes of treatment in patients with presumed tuberculous uveitis (PTU). METHODS: All patients diagnosed with PTU between January 1996 and March 2013 were reviewed. The diagnosis was made when clinical findings were consistent with possible intraocular tuberculosis, strongly positive purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test result, and response to anti-tuberculous therapy with no other cause of uveitis as suggested by history, symptoms, or ancillary testing...
January 9, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Y C Yew, F S Nurul-Fatin, A T Norazita
Panuveitis secondary to masquerade syndrome is uncommon. A middle-aged woman presented to the ophthalmology clinic with panuveitis associated with anaemia, joint pain, and renal impairment. An incidental finding of a lytic lesion over her left scapula following a chest x-ray prompted further skeletal survey and revealed further lytic lesions over the skull and pelvic bone. Bone marrow aspiration was performed and this confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. Her left eye vision and intraocular inflammation improved after commencement of chemotherapy...
December 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Mariko Nomura, Daniel Mantuani, Arun Nagdev
Vision loss in young adults is relatively rare. In patients with suspected HIV or syphilis, the risk of developing vision loss is increased, and should alert the emergency physician of specific retinal pathologies. We present a case of a 33-year-old man with recently identified syphilis and HIV, who was diagnosed with bilateral retinal detachments (RDs) with the help of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in the setting of panuveitis (preventing visualization with direct fundoscopy).
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Aniruddha Agarwal, Rupesh Agrawal, Dinesh Visva Gunasekaran, Dhananjay Raje, Bhaskar Gupta, Kanika Aggarwal, Somasheila L Murthy, Mark Westcott, Soon Phaik Chee, Peter Mccluskey, Ho Su Ling, Stephen Teoh, Luca Cimino, Jyotirmay Biswas, Shishir Narain, Manisha Agarwal, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Moncef Khairallah, Nicholas Jones, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, Kalpana Babu, Soumayava Basu, Ester Carreño, Richard Lee, Hassan Al-Dhibi, Bahram Bodaghi, Alessandro Invernizzi, Debra A Goldstein, Carl P Herbort, Talin Barisani-Asenbauer, Julio J González-López, Sofia Androudi, Reema Bansal, Bruttendu Moharana, Sarakshi Mahajan, Simona Esposti, Anastasia Tasiopoulou, Sengal Nadarajah, Mamta Agarwal, Sharanya Abraham, Ruchi Vala, Ramandeep Singh, Aman Sharma, Kusum Sharma, Manfred Zierhut, Onn Min Kon, Emmett Cunningham, Quan Dong Nguyen, Carlos Pavesio, Vishali Gupta
PURPOSE: To analyze the role of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of ocular fluids in management of tubercular (TB) anterior, intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis. METHODS: In Collaborative Ocular Tuberculosis Study (COTS)-1 (25 centers, n = 962), patients with TB-related uveitis were included. 59 patients undergoing PCR of intraocular fluids (18 females; 53 Asian Indians) were included. RESULTS: 59 (6.13%) of COTS-1 underwent PCR analysis...
December 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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