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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434253/risky-sexual-behaviors-as-correlates-of-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-male-hiv-test-seekers-at-a-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-facility-in-taiwan
#1
Chia-Chun Lin, Yuan-Ti Lee, Hao-Jan Yang
This study aims at determining the level of depression and suicidal status of adult HIV test-seekers. Of the total enrolled 850 males, almost 50% reported some risk behaviors, 38.9% experienced depression, and 7.2% had suicidal ideation. Subjects with risky sexual behaviors in terms of repeated HIV test, had a history of sexually transmitted disease, engaged in one-night stands, or did not use condoms all the time with causal sexual partners were more likely to have depression. Furthermore, subjects who were bisexual/homosexual, engaged in Internet sex, engaged in one-night stands, or used addictive drugs within the past 6 months were more likely to experience suicidal ideation...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418835/costs-and-effectiveness-of-treating-homeless-persons-with-cocaine-addiction-with-alternative-contingency-management-strategies
#2
Stephen T Mennemeyer, Joseph E Schumacher, Jesse B Milby, Dennis Wallace
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2006 in Birmingham, Alabama USA, 4 separate randomized controlled studies, called "Homeless 1" through "Homeless 4", treated cocaine substance abuse among chronically homeless adults, largely black men, many with non-psychotic mental health problems. The 4 studies had 9 treatment arms that used various counseling methods plus, in some arms, the provision of housing and work therapy usually with a contingent requirement of urine-test verified abstinence from substances...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375722/the-link-between-mental-illness-and-firearm-violence-implications-for-social-policy-and-clinical-practice
#3
John S Rozel, Edward P Mulvey
The United States has substantially higher levels of firearm violence than most other developed countries. Firearm violence is a significant and preventable public health crisis. Mental illness is a weak risk factor for violence despite popular misconceptions reflected in the media and policy. That said, mental health professionals play a critical role in assessing their patients for violence risk, counseling about firearm safety, and guiding the creation of rational and evidence-based public policy that can be effective in mitigating violence risk without unnecessarily stigmatizing people with mental illness...
March 30, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363320/the-prescription-opioid-addiction-treatment-study-what-have-we-learned
#4
REVIEW
Roger D Weiss, Vinod Rao
BACKGROUND: The multi-site Prescription Opioid Addiction Treatment Study (POATS), conducted by the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network, was the largest clinical trial yet conducted with patients dependent upon prescription opioids (N=653). In addition to main trial results, the study yielded numerous secondary analyses, and included a 3.5-year follow-up study, the first of its kind with this population. This paper reviews key findings from POATS and its follow-up study...
April 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361497/group-behaviour-therapy-programmes-for-smoking-cessation
#5
REVIEW
Lindsay F Stead, Allison J Carroll, Tim Lancaster
BACKGROUND: Group therapy offers individuals the opportunity to learn behavioural techniques for smoking cessation, and to provide each other with mutual support. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of group-delivered behavioural interventions in achieving long-term smoking cessation. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group Specialized Register, using the terms 'behavior therapy', 'cognitive therapy', 'psychotherapy' or 'group therapy', in May 2016...
March 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361496/individual-behavioural-counselling-for-smoking-cessation
#6
REVIEW
Tim Lancaster, Lindsay F Stead
BACKGROUND: Individual counselling from a smoking cessation specialist may help smokers to make a successful attempt to stop smoking. OBJECTIVES: The review addresses the following hypotheses:1. Individual counselling is more effective than no treatment or brief advice in promoting smoking cessation.2. Individual counselling is more effective than self-help materials in promoting smoking cessation.3. A more intensive counselling intervention is more effective than a less intensive intervention...
March 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292506/the-development-and-feasibility-of-a-pharmacy-delivered-opioid-intervention-in-the-emergency-department
#7
Erin L Winstanley, Rebecca Mashni, Sydney Schnee, Nate Miller, Susan M Mashni
OBJECTIVES: To develop a brief intervention and to assess the feasibility of pharmacy-delivered education on opioid safety and overdose prevention in the emergency department. METHODS: A convenience sample of patients (n = 102) approached between May and June 2016 at a single community-based suburban emergency department located in the Midwest. RESULTS: The intervention included scripted counseling to be delivered in person and 2 educational brochures...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286867/a-technology-prototype-system-for-rating-therapist-empathy-from-audio-recordings-in-addiction-counseling
#8
Bo Xiao, Chewei Huang, Zac E Imel, David C Atkins, Panayiotis Georgiou, Shrikanth S Narayanan
Scaling up psychotherapy services such as for addiction counseling is a critical societal need. One challenge is ensuring quality of therapy, due to the heavy cost of manual observational assessment. This work proposes a speech technology-based system to automate the assessment of therapist empathy-a key therapy quality index-from audio recordings of the psychotherapy interactions. We designed a speech processing system that includes voice activity detection and diarization modules, and an automatic speech recognizer plus a speaker role matching module to extract the therapist's language cues...
April 2016: PeerJ. Computer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285466/acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-a-web-based-psychosocial-intervention-among-criminal-justice-involved-adults
#9
J D Lee, B Tofighi, R McDonald, A Campbell, M C Hu, E Nunes
BACKGROUND: The acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of web-based interventions among criminal justice involved populations are understudied. This study is a secondary analysis of baseline characteristics associated with criminal justice system (CJS) status as treatment outcome moderators among participants enrolling in a large randomized trial of a web-based psychosocial intervention (Therapeutic Education System [TES]) as part of outpatient addiction treatment. METHODS: We compared demographic and clinical characteristics, TES participation rates, and the trial's two co-primary outcomes, end of treatment abstinence and treatment retention, by self-reported CJS status at baseline: 1) CJS-mandated to community treatment (CJS-mandated), 2) CJS-recommended to treatment (CJS-recommended), 3) no CJS treatment mandate (CJS-none)...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251524/pain-management-of-patients-with-substance-abuse-in-the-ambulatory-setting
#10
REVIEW
Nalini Vadivelu, Alice M Kai, Vijay Kodumudi, Richard Zhu, Roberta Hines
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Abuse of illicit substances and prescription opioids is a growing problem that presents challenges for pain management in the inpatient and outpatient setting. With future patient care models shifting toward shorter hospital stays and more same-day surgeries, it is crucial that clinicians learn to manage this patient population and strike a balance between the overtreatment of pain that can subsequently worsen tolerance and addiction, and the undertreatment of pain that can lead to pseudoaddiction...
February 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224973/tobacco-smoking-in-poland-in-the-years-from-2003-to-2014-multi%C3%A2-centre-national-population-health-examination-survey-wobasz
#11
Maria Polakowska, Dorota Kaleta, Walerian Piotrowski, Roman Topór-Mądry, Aleksandra Puch-Walczak, Arkadiusz Niklas, Wojciech Bielecki, Krystyna Kozakiewicz, Andrzej Pająk, Andrzej Tykarski, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Wojciech Drygas On Behalf Of Wobasz Investigators
INTRODUCTION    The reduction of tobacco smoking is a challenging problem of public health. OBJECTIVES    The main purpose of this work was to evaluate the prevalence and tobacco use patterns in the adult population of Poles and its changes in a period between year 2003 and 2014. Furthermore, changes in the smoking addiction, the declared reasons for smoking as well as readiness and motivation to stop smoking has been assessed.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    Based on data from the Polish studies - WOBASZ and WOBASZ II, the analysis covered a population of 14576 persons from the 1st study (6906 men and 7670 women) and 5696 persons from the 2nd study (2578 men and 3118 women), aged 20 - 74...
January 17, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185257/system-change-interventions-for-smoking-cessation
#12
REVIEW
Dennis Thomas, Michael J Abramson, Billie Bonevski, Johnson George
BACKGROUND: System change interventions for smoking cessation are policies and practices designed by organizations to integrate the identification of smokers and the subsequent offering of evidence-based nicotine dependence treatments into usual care. Such strategies have the potential to improve the provision of smoking cessation support in healthcare settings, and cessation outcomes among those who use them. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of system change interventions within healthcare settings, for increasing smoking cessation or the provision of smoking cessation care, or both...
February 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176155/genetic-counseling-for-alcohol-addiction-assessing-perceptions-and-potential-utility-in-individuals-with-lived-experience-and-their-family-members
#13
Fayth M Kalb, Victoria Vincent, Teresa Herzog, Jehannine Austin
Though addictions to substances including alcohol are highly heritable, there have been no studies regarding the possible applicability of genetic counseling to this set of conditions. Adults (≥18 years old) with a personal and/or family history of alcohol addiction were recruited to participate in an online survey-based study comprising 43 questions about beliefs/concern about recurrence risk and etiology of alcohol addiction and its impact on childbearing decisions, and perceptions of potential utility of genetic counseling for alcohol addiction...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132694/buprenorphine-prescribing-practice-trends-and-attitudes-among-new-york-providers
#14
Andrea Kermack, Mara Flannery, Babak Tofighi, Jennifer McNeely, Joshua D Lee
Buprenorphine office-based opioid maintenance is an increasingly common form of treatment for opioid use disorders. However, total prescribing has not kept pace with the current opioid and overdose epidemic and access remains scarce among the underserved. This study sought to assess current provider attitudes and clinical practices among a targeted sample of primarily New York City public sector buprenorphine prescribers. A cross-sectional online survey purposefully sampled buprenorphine prescribers in NYC with a focus on those serving Medicaid and uninsured patient populations...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093398/efficacy-and-safety-of-smoking-cessation-interventions-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Karine Suissa, Jordan Larivière, Mark J Eisenberg, Maria Eberg, Genevieve C Gore, Roland Grad, Lawrence Joseph, Pauline M Reynier, Kristian B Filion
BACKGROUND: Although the efficacy and safety of smoking cessation interventions are well established, their efficacy and safety in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) remain unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pharmacological and behavioral smoking cessation interventions in CVD patients via a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. METHODS AND RESULTS: EMBASE, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Specialized Register were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of smoking cessation pharmacotherapies and behavioral therapies in CVD patients...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032791/correction-to-summary-report-of-journal-operations-2014
#16
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Summary report of journal operations, 2014" by (American Psychologist, 2015[Jul-Aug], Vol 70[5], 455-456). In the report, the reported number of manuscripts received, accepted, and pending along with their accompanying rejection rates had errors in the following journals: Journal of Abnormal Psychology; Journal of Applied Psychology; Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology; Journal of Counseling Psychology; Journal of Experimental Psychology: General; Journal of Family Psychology; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; Psychological Assessment; Psychological Methods; Psychological Review; Psychology and Aging; Psychology of Addictive Behaviors; Psychology, Public Policy, and Law; and Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026981/challenges-to-practicing-hiv-sex-risk-prevention-among-people-in-continuing-care-for-cocaine-addiction
#17
Alexandra S Wimberly, Max R Stern, Sarah B Rosenbach, Tyrone Thomas, James R McKay
BACKGROUND: Intimate partnerships are discouraged during early recovery, despite research that highlights their capacity to be resources for change. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to provide descriptions of intimate partnerships and how such partnerships challenge and/or support minimizing HIV sex-risk among participants in continuing care for cocaine addiction in order to inform substance use programming. METHODS: Forty-two recorded continuing care counseling sessions of 33 people who discussed HIV sex-risk behavior were transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis...
April 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904166/iris-an-internet-based-intervention-as-a-suitable-path-to-addictive-substance-use-prevention-and-counselling-in-pregnancy-beneficiary-profiles-and-user-satisfaction
#18
A Stiegler, H Abele, A Batra
Alcohol or tobacco consumption in pregnancy can harm the unborn child. Counselling on this subject is therefore of major importance. The aim of the presented study was not only to develop an internet based, professionally e-mail accompanied platform for alcohol or tobacco consuming pregnant women ("IRIS Platform") but also to analyse the beneficiary profiles and investigate the practicability and acceptance of the platform among women and referring gynaecologists. The offer comprised three 12-week counselling programmes (alcohol, tobacco, combined consumption)...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891376/smokeless-tobacco-and-stroke-a-clinico-epidemiological-follow-up-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#19
Subhransu Sekhar Jena, Shobhitendu Kabi, Baikuntha Nath Panda, B C Kameswari, Payal, Ishwar Chandra Behera, Subrat Kumar Tripathy, Seemanchana Mahanta
INTRODUCTION: Among the modifiable risk factors for stroke, tobacco smoking is well recognized. In some studies the use of Smokeless Tobacco (ST) has also been contributed as a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Use of ST is very common in South-East Asia. The form of ST varies according to the geographical and cultural variation. AIM: To study the various clinical symptoms and radiological findings of stroke due to different types of ST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective hospital based study carried out over a period of 2 years...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878808/interventions-for-tobacco-use-cessation-in-people-in-treatment-for-or-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Dorie Apollonio, Rose Philipps, Lisa Bero
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates in people with alcohol and other drug dependencies are two to four times those of the general population. Concurrent treatment of tobacco dependence has been limited due to concern that these interventions are not successful in this population or that recovery from other addictions could be compromised if tobacco cessation was combined with other drug dependency treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether interventions for tobacco cessation are associated with tobacco abstinence for people in concurrent treatment for or in recovery from alcohol and other drug dependence...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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