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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292506/the-development-and-feasibility-of-a-pharmacy-delivered-opioid-intervention-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Erin L Winstanley, Rebecca Mashni, Sydney Schnee, Nate Miller, Susan M Mashni
OBJECTIVES: To develop a brief intervention and to assess the feasibility of pharmacy-delivered education on opioid safety and overdose prevention in the emergency department. METHODS: A convenience sample of patients (n = 102) approached between May and June 2016 at a single community-based suburban emergency department located in the Midwest. RESULTS: The intervention included scripted counseling to be delivered in person and 2 educational brochures...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286867/a-technology-prototype-system-for-rating-therapist-empathy-from-audio-recordings-in-addiction-counseling
#2
Bo Xiao, Chewei Huang, Zac E Imel, David C Atkins, Panayiotis Georgiou, Shrikanth S Narayanan
Scaling up psychotherapy services such as for addiction counseling is a critical societal need. One challenge is ensuring quality of therapy, due to the heavy cost of manual observational assessment. This work proposes a speech technology-based system to automate the assessment of therapist empathy-a key therapy quality index-from audio recordings of the psychotherapy interactions. We designed a speech processing system that includes voice activity detection and diarization modules, and an automatic speech recognizer plus a speaker role matching module to extract the therapist's language cues...
April 2016: PeerJ. Computer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285466/acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-a-web-based-psychosocial-intervention-among-criminal-justice-involved-adults
#3
J D Lee, B Tofighi, R McDonald, A Campbell, M C Hu, E Nunes
BACKGROUND: The acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of web-based interventions among criminal justice involved populations are understudied. This study is a secondary analysis of baseline characteristics associated with criminal justice system (CJS) status as treatment outcome moderators among participants enrolling in a large randomized trial of a web-based psychosocial intervention (Therapeutic Education System [TES]) as part of outpatient addiction treatment. METHODS: We compared demographic and clinical characteristics, TES participation rates, and the trial's two co-primary outcomes, end of treatment abstinence and treatment retention, by self-reported CJS status at baseline: 1) CJS-mandated to community treatment (CJS-mandated), 2) CJS-recommended to treatment (CJS-recommended), 3) no CJS treatment mandate (CJS-none)...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251524/pain-management-of-patients-with-substance-abuse-in-the-ambulatory-setting
#4
REVIEW
Nalini Vadivelu, Alice M Kai, Vijay Kodumudi, Richard Zhu, Roberta Hines
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Abuse of illicit substances and prescription opioids is a growing problem that presents challenges for pain management in the inpatient and outpatient setting. With future patient care models shifting toward shorter hospital stays and more same-day surgeries, it is crucial that clinicians learn to manage this patient population and strike a balance between the overtreatment of pain that can subsequently worsen tolerance and addiction, and the undertreatment of pain that can lead to pseudoaddiction...
February 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224973/tobacco-smoking-in-poland-in-the-years-from-2003-to-2014-multi%C3%A2-centre-national-population-health-examination-survey-wobasz
#5
Maria Polakowska, Dorota Kaleta, Walerian Piotrowski, Roman Topór-Mądry, Aleksandra Puch-Walczak, Arkadiusz Niklas, Wojciech Bielecki, Krystyna Kozakiewicz, Andrzej Pająk, Andrzej Tykarski, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Wojciech Drygas On Behalf Of Wobasz Investigators
INTRODUCTION    The reduction of tobacco smoking is a challenging problem of public health. OBJECTIVES    The main purpose of this work was to evaluate the prevalence and tobacco use patterns in the adult population of Poles and its changes in a period between year 2003 and 2014. Furthermore, changes in the smoking addiction, the declared reasons for smoking as well as readiness and motivation to stop smoking has been assessed.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    Based on data from the Polish studies - WOBASZ and WOBASZ II, the analysis covered a population of 14576 persons from the 1st study (6906 men and 7670 women) and 5696 persons from the 2nd study (2578 men and 3118 women), aged 20 - 74...
January 17, 2017: Pol Arch Intern Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185257/system-change-interventions-for-smoking-cessation
#6
REVIEW
Dennis Thomas, Michael J Abramson, Billie Bonevski, Johnson George
BACKGROUND: System change interventions for smoking cessation are policies and practices designed by organizations to integrate the identification of smokers and the subsequent offering of evidence-based nicotine dependence treatments into usual care. Such strategies have the potential to improve the provision of smoking cessation support in healthcare settings, and cessation outcomes among those who use them. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of system change interventions within healthcare settings, for increasing smoking cessation or the provision of smoking cessation care, or both...
February 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176155/genetic-counseling-for-alcohol-addiction-assessing-perceptions-and-potential-utility-in-individuals-with-lived-experience-and-their-family-members
#7
Fayth M Kalb, Victoria Vincent, Teresa Herzog, Jehannine Austin
Though addictions to substances including alcohol are highly heritable, there have been no studies regarding the possible applicability of genetic counseling to this set of conditions. Adults (≥18 years old) with a personal and/or family history of alcohol addiction were recruited to participate in an online survey-based study comprising 43 questions about beliefs/concern about recurrence risk and etiology of alcohol addiction and its impact on childbearing decisions, and perceptions of potential utility of genetic counseling for alcohol addiction...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132694/buprenorphine-prescribing-practice-trends-and-attitudes-among-new-york-providers
#8
Andrea Kermack, Mara Flannery, Babak Tofighi, Jennifer McNeely, Joshua D Lee
Buprenorphine office-based opioid maintenance is an increasingly common form of treatment for opioid use disorders. However, total prescribing has not kept pace with the current opioid and overdose epidemic and access remains scarce among the underserved. This study sought to assess current provider attitudes and clinical practices among a targeted sample of primarily New York City public sector buprenorphine prescribers. A cross-sectional online survey purposefully sampled buprenorphine prescribers in NYC with a focus on those serving Medicaid and uninsured patient populations...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093398/efficacy-and-safety-of-smoking-cessation-interventions-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Karine Suissa, Jordan Larivière, Mark J Eisenberg, Maria Eberg, Genevieve C Gore, Roland Grad, Lawrence Joseph, Pauline M Reynier, Kristian B Filion
BACKGROUND: Although the efficacy and safety of smoking cessation interventions are well established, their efficacy and safety in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) remain unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pharmacological and behavioral smoking cessation interventions in CVD patients via a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. METHODS AND RESULTS: EMBASE, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Specialized Register were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of smoking cessation pharmacotherapies and behavioral therapies in CVD patients...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032791/correction-to-summary-report-of-journal-operations-2014
#10
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Summary report of journal operations, 2014" by (American Psychologist, 2015[Jul-Aug], Vol 70[5], 455-456). In the report, the reported number of manuscripts received, accepted, and pending along with their accompanying rejection rates had errors in the following journals: Journal of Abnormal Psychology; Journal of Applied Psychology; Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology; Journal of Counseling Psychology; Journal of Experimental Psychology: General; Journal of Family Psychology; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; Psychological Assessment; Psychological Methods; Psychological Review; Psychology and Aging; Psychology of Addictive Behaviors; Psychology, Public Policy, and Law; and Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026981/challenges-to-practicing-hiv-sex-risk-prevention-among-people-in-continuing-care-for-cocaine-addiction
#11
Alexandra S Wimberly, Max R Stern, Sarah B Rosenbach, Tyrone Thomas, James R McKay
BACKGROUND: Intimate partnerships are discouraged during early recovery, despite research that highlights their capacity to be resources for change. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to provide descriptions of intimate partnerships and how such partnerships challenge and/or support minimizing HIV sex-risk among participants in continuing care for cocaine addiction in order to inform substance use programming. METHODS: Forty-two recorded continuing care counseling sessions of 33 people who discussed HIV sex-risk behavior were transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis...
April 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904166/iris-an-internet-based-intervention-as-a-suitable-path-to-addictive-substance-use-prevention-and-counselling-in-pregnancy-beneficiary-profiles-and-user-satisfaction
#12
A Stiegler, H Abele, A Batra
Alcohol or tobacco consumption in pregnancy can harm the unborn child. Counselling on this subject is therefore of major importance. The aim of the presented study was not only to develop an internet based, professionally e-mail accompanied platform for alcohol or tobacco consuming pregnant women ("IRIS Platform") but also to analyse the beneficiary profiles and investigate the practicability and acceptance of the platform among women and referring gynaecologists. The offer comprised three 12-week counselling programmes (alcohol, tobacco, combined consumption)...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891376/smokeless-tobacco-and-stroke-a-clinico-epidemiological-follow-up-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#13
Subhransu Sekhar Jena, Shobhitendu Kabi, Baikuntha Nath Panda, B C Kameswari, Payal, Ishwar Chandra Behera, Subrat Kumar Tripathy, Seemanchana Mahanta
INTRODUCTION: Among the modifiable risk factors for stroke, tobacco smoking is well recognized. In some studies the use of Smokeless Tobacco (ST) has also been contributed as a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Use of ST is very common in South-East Asia. The form of ST varies according to the geographical and cultural variation. AIM: To study the various clinical symptoms and radiological findings of stroke due to different types of ST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective hospital based study carried out over a period of 2 years...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878808/interventions-for-tobacco-use-cessation-in-people-in-treatment-for-or-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Dorie Apollonio, Rose Philipps, Lisa Bero
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates in people with alcohol and other drug dependencies are two to four times those of the general population. Concurrent treatment of tobacco dependence has been limited due to concern that these interventions are not successful in this population or that recovery from other addictions could be compromised if tobacco cessation was combined with other drug dependency treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether interventions for tobacco cessation are associated with tobacco abstinence for people in concurrent treatment for or in recovery from alcohol and other drug dependence...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857018/recognizing-the-two-faces-of-gambling-the-lived-experiences-of-korean-women-gamblers
#15
Sungjae Kim, Wooksoo Kim, Suzanne S Dickerson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the lived experiences of women problem gamblers, focusing on the meaning of gambling to them, how and why these women continue to gamble or stop gambling, and their needs and concerns. In order to effectively help women problem gamblers, practical in-depth knowledge is necessary to develop intervention programs for prevention, treatment, and recovery among women problem gamblers. METHODS: The hermeneutic phenomenology approach was used to guide in-depth interviews and team interpretation of data...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833864/a-clinical-study-of-oral-mucosal-lesions-in-patients-visiting-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-central-india
#16
Rashmi Goyal, Shalini Jadia, Leena Jain, Chhavi Agarawal
The aim of this study was to find the frequency of various oral mucosal lesions in relation to age, sex, site and associated addiction habits. This retrospective study was done in tertiary care centre including 1280 patients of oral mucosal lesions. Clinical findings and detailed history of their addiction habits with frequency and duration was noted from the existing data. Cytological and histopathological diagnosis of various lesions was recorded to conclude diagnosis. The most common lesion in this study was found to be aphthous ulcers (44...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806462/retention-and-relapse-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment-a-descriptive-analytical-study
#17
Reza Mollajavadi, Narges Beyraghi, Isa Fathi, Robab Teymouri, Arya Hamedanchi
BACKGROUND: Despite the considerable efforts made in Iran to treat people with addiction, relapse is still common. This study was designed to determine retention and relapse rates and related factors at Yasin Methadone Maintenance Treatment Center. PATIENTS & METHODS: In this study, retention rate, relapse rate, and related factors were examined in 74 cases using a descriptive-analytical method. Information about 20 variables were gathered from patient medical records using an information form and a checklist and data was analyzed by the chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Mann-Whitney tests using SPSS software...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798091/which-behaviour-change-techniques-may-help-waterpipe-smokers-to-quit-an-expert-consensus-using-a-modified-delphi-technique
#18
Nancy O'Neill, Omara Dogar, Mohammed Jawad, Ian Keller, Mona Kanaan, Kamran Siddiqi
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe smoking is addictive and harmful. The determinants of waterpipe smoking may differ from those of cigarette smoking; therefore, behavioural approaches to support quitting may also differ between these two tobacco products. While some evidence exists on effective behavioural change techniques (BCTs) to facilitate cigarette smoking cessation, there is little research on waterpipe smoking cessation. METHODS: Twenty-four experts were selected from the author lists of peer-reviewed, randomised controlled trials on waterpipe smoking cessation...
October 25, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749024/-just-one-bad-high-considering-synthetic-cannabinoid-outcome-expectancies-in-adolescents
#19
David S Mathai, Christopher D Verrico, Daryl Shorter, John H Coverdale, Thomas R Kosten
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Certain medical consequences seem unique to synthetic cannabinoid (SC) and not cannabis use. We report the case of an adolescent, whose drug expectancies appear to minimize the severity of SC-related adverse events. METHODS/RESULTS: An 18-year-old male presented with altered mental status and seizure, complicated by respiratory failure. He was stabilized and on discharge, despite counseling on the harms of SC usage, the patient planned to resume use, insisting that the hospitalization was "just one bad high"...
October 17, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703105/-the-concept-and-treatment-of-kleptomania
#20
Michio Takemura
Research on kleptomania has lagged behind that of other mental disorders, and very few clinicians specialize in treating such patients. Futhermore, the descriptive outline of kleptomania in the DSM-5 is vague. In 2008, we started a registration system for patients suffering from habitual theft, which has recorded 1430 cases since its inauguration. In this report, we explain the concept of kleptomania and describe our clinical experience in the treatment of patients suffering from this mental disorder. The most frequent complication of kleptomania was found to be eating disorder (especially bulimia)...
October 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
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