keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Endophthalmitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342439/review-of-ophthalmology-medical-professional-liability-claims-in-the-united-states-from-2006-through-2015
#1
Atalie C Thompson, P Divya Parikh, Eleonora M Lad
PURPOSE: To describe characteristics of closed medical professional liability (MPL) claims against ophthalmologists in the United States. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of MPL claims from 2006-2015. Data were obtained from the Physician Insurers Association of America (PIAA) Data Sharing Project (DSP). Comparison was made between ophthalmology and all healthcare specialties for physician demographics, prevalence and costs associated with closed claims, and resolution of claims...
January 13, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342438/vitreoretinal-complications-and-outcomes-in-92-eyes-undergoing-surgery-for-modified-osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis-a-10-year-review
#2
Pukhraj Rishi, Ekta Rishi, Vishvesh Agarwal, Sridevi Nair, Geetha Iyer, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Shweta Agarwal
PURPOSE: To analyze vitreoretinal (VR) complications and treatment outcomes in eyes undergoing modified osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (OOKP) surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: All patients who underwent modified OOKP (mOOKP) surgery at a tertiary eye-care center from March 2003 to February 2013 were included. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for relevant medical history, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp examination, ultrasound scan, oral examination findings, and VR complications...
January 13, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339916/pediatric-cataract-surgery-with-hydrophilic-acrylic-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-nepalese-children
#3
Srijana Adhikari, Ujjowala D Shrestha
Purpose: To assess the outcome of cataract surgery with hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children with congenital and developmental cataracts. Method: A retrospective review of medical records of children with congenital or developmental cataracts who underwent cataract surgery with hydrophilic IOL implantation, from January 2011 to December 2014 in a tertiary eye hospital in Nepal. Primary posterior capsulotomy, anterior vitrectomy, and IOL implantation was done in children 8 years or younger, while older children underwent only lens aspiration and IOL implantation...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339146/microspheres-as-intraocular-therapeutic-tools-in-chronic-diseases-of-the-optic-nerve-and-retina
#4
Irene Bravo-Osuna, Vanessa Andrés-Guerrero, Alicia Arranz-Romera, Sergio Esteban-Pérez, Irene T Molina-Martínez, Rocío Herrero-Vanrell
Pathologies affecting the optic nerve and the retina are one of the major causes of blindness. These diseases include age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic Retinopathy (DR) and glaucoma, among others. Also, there are genetic disorders that affect the retina causing visual impairment. The prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases of the posterior segment are increased as most of them are related with the elderly. Even with the access to different treatments, there are some challenges in managing patients suffering retinal diseases...
January 12, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339063/evolution-of-intravitreal-therapy-for-retinal-diseases-from-cmv-to-cnv-the-lxxiv-edward-jackson-memorial-lecture
#5
Daniel F Martin
PURPOSE: To present the evolution of intravitreal therapy for retinal diseases and its impact on clinical practice. DESIGN: Retrospective literature review and personal perspective. METHODS: Retrospective literature review and personal perspective. RESULTS: Pharmacotherapeutic advances in retinal disease have been remarkable over the last 25 years. Almost all of the new drugs developed have required intravitreal administration to be highly effective, leading to an exponential increase in the annual number of intravitreal injections given...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338115/statin-use-and-vitreoretinal-surgery-findings-from-a-finnish-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Sirpa Loukovaara, Sari Sahanne, Annika Takala, Jari Haukka
PURPOSE: Vitreoretinal (VR) surgery is the third most common intraocular surgery after refractive and cataract surgery. The impact of statin therapy on VR surgery outcomes remains unclear, despite a potentially beneficial effect. We explored the association of preoperative statin therapy and the need for revitrectomy after primary vitrectomy. METHODS: Our historical, population-based, register-based, VR surgery cohort consisted of 5709 patients operated in a tertiary, academic referral hospital in Finland, during 2008-2014, covering 6...
January 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338030/incidence-microbiology-and-outcomes-of-endophthalmitis-after-111-876-pars-plana-vitrectomies-at-a-single-tertiary-eye-care-hospital
#7
Muna Bhende, Rajiv Raman, Mukesh Jain, Pratik K Shah, Tarun Sharma, Lingam Gopal, Pramod S Bhende, Sangeetha Srinivasan, Malathi Jambulingam
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence, risk factors, clinical presentation, causative organisms, and outcomes in patients with endophthalmitis following pars plana vitrectomy (20G and minimally invasive vitrectomy surgery (MIVS). METHODS: Of 111,876 vitrectomies (70,585 20-G 41,291 MIVS) performed, 45 cases developed acute-onset, postoperative endophthalmitis. RESULTS: The rate of culture positive and culture negative endophthalmitis was 0.021% (2...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328066/a-british-ophthalmological-surveillance-unit-study-on-metastatic-endogenous-endophthalmitis
#8
S Maling, C King, N Davies
PurposeEndogenous endophthalmitis (EE) is a rare but serious ocular infection caused by the seeding of bacteria into the eye from a source elsewhere in the body. Studies suggest that EE accounts for 2 to 8% of all endophthalmitis.MethodsA prospective observational study was conducted using the British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit reporting system. Questionnaires were sent to reporting Ophthalmologists in the UK to assess incidence, underlying aetiology, eye findings, management, and final outcomes in endogenous endophthalmitis over a 12-month period within the British Isles...
January 12, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326317/comparative-analysis-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-intracameral-cefuroxime-moxifloxacin-and-vancomycin-at-the-end-of-cataract-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#9
Randy C Bowen, Andrew Xingyu Zhou, Sailaja Bondalapati, Thomas W Lawyer, Karisa B Snow, Patrick R Evans, Tyler Bardsley, Mary McFarland, Matthew Kliethermes, Dallas Shi, Christina A Mamalis, Tom Greene, Christopher J Rudnisky, Balamurali Krishna Ambati
BACKGROUND: Current practice methods are unclear as to the most safe and effective prophylactic pharmacotherapy and method of delivery to reduce postoperative endophthalmitis occurrence. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis using Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines was performed to compare the efficacy of intracameral cefuroxime, moxifloxacin and vancomycin in preventing postphacoemulsification cataract surgery endophthalmitis...
January 11, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320451/the-pathogenesis-of-staphylococcus-aureus-eye-infections
#10
REVIEW
Richard J O'Callaghan
Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen of the eye able to infect the tear duct, eyelid, conjunctiva, cornea, anterior and posterior chambers, and the vitreous chamber. Of these infections, those involving the cornea (keratitis) or the inner chambers of the eye (endophthalmitis) are the most threatening because of their potential to cause a loss in visual acuity or even blindness. Each of these ocular sites is protected by the constitutive expression of a variety of antimicrobial factors and these defenses are augmented by a protective host response to the organism...
January 10, 2018: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318458/diagnostic-performance-of-blood-culture-bottles-for-vitreous-culture-compared-to-conventional-microbiological-cultures-in-patients-with-suspected-endophthalmitis
#11
Jan Kehrmann, Valerie Chapot, Jan Buer, Philipp Rating, Norbert Bornfeld, Joerg Steinmann
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the performance of blood culture bottles in comparison to conventional microbiological culture techniques in detecting causative microorganisms of endophthalmitis and to determine their anti-infective susceptibility profiles. All consecutive cases with clinically suspected endophthalmitis in a university-based ophthalmology department between January 2009 and December 2016 were analysed in this retrospective comparative case series. Samples from 247 patients with suspected endophthalmitis underwent microbiological diagnostic work-up...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305170/-frequency-of-corneal-ulcer-retrospective-study-of-380-cases-carried-out-in-two-centers-in-the-dr-congo
#12
V Ngoie Maloba, J Ngayuna Nkiene, G Tunku Kabamba, G Chenge Borasisi
PURPOSE: To determine the frequency of corneal ulcer in our practice environment. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted at Saint-Joseph Hospital in Kinshasa and at the Lubumbashi University Clinics in the Democratic Republic of Congo from January 2011 to December 2014. We studied the frequency, demographic and clinical variables of corneal ulcer patients. RESULTS: A total of 380 cases of corneal ulcers were recorded out of 44,722 ophthalmologic consultations performed, with a frequency of 0...
January 2, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303885/candida-endophthalmitis-after-descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty-with-grafts-from-both-eyes-of-a-donor-with-possible-systemic-candidiasis
#13
Sotiria Palioura, Kavitha Sivaraman, Madhura Joag, Adam Sise, Juan F Batlle, Darlene Miller, Edgar M Espana, Guillermo Amescua, Sonia H Yoo, Anat Galor, Carol L Karp
PURPOSE: To report 2 cases with late postoperative Candida albicans interface keratitis and endophthalmitis after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) with corneal grafts originating from a single donor with a history of presumed pulmonary candidiasis. METHODS: Two patients underwent uncomplicated DSAEK by 2 corneal surgeons at different surgery centers but with tissue from the same donor and were referred to the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute with multifocal infiltrates at the graft-host cornea interface 6 to 8 weeks later, and anterior chamber cultures that were positive for the same genetic strain of C...
January 4, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300514/surgical-preferences-in-the-management-of-recalcitrant-endophthalmitis
#14
Roxana Fu, Joseph Childs, William Nunery, Peter Timoney
To assess the practice patterns of current members of the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS) in the treatment of medically refractive endophthalmitis (MRE). A 17-question survey included the procedure of choice for MRE, the preferred type of orbital implant, the timing of implant placement, and the incidence of postoperative complications. 107 ASOPRS members participated in the study. In the setting of MRE, 72% preferred evisceration versus 28% who preferred enucleation...
January 4, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299896/infective-endocarditis-presenting-as-endogenous-endophthalmitis-secondary-to-streptococcus-agalactiae-in-a-healthy-adult-case-reports-and-literature-review
#15
Yu Ra Sim, Ye Jin Lee, Seung Woon Park, Sang Hyun Kim, Ju Hee Choi, Jung Yoon Choi, Min Ja Kim, Jang Wook Sohn, Jaemoon Ahn, Young Kyung Yoon
Endogenous endophthalmitis secondary to group B Streptococcus (GBS) is extremely rare, particularly in healthy adults. However, the visual prognosis is poor. We report the first South Korean case of GBS infective endocarditis presenting as endogenous endophthalmitis and skin and soft tissue infection. Cultures of blood, vitreous humor, and pus from skin aspirates yielded a penicillin-susceptible serotype V strain of Streptococcus agalactiae. After 6 weeks, the patient completely recovered from GBS infective endocarditis...
December 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286017/a-case-of-invasive-infection-caused-by-a-highly-virulent-strain-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-displaying-hypermucoviscosity-in-a-patient-with-hepatic-involvement-without-liver-abscess
#16
Margherita Scapaticci, Marta Biscaro, Francesco Burelli, Lucio Cadamuro, Renzo Biscaro, Andrea Bartolini
Klebsiella pneumoniae is an opportunistic nosocomial pathogen belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family that is associated with a wide range of infections. In the 1980s a new hypervirulent (hypermucoviscous) variant of Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKP) emerged in southeast Asia and is now increasingly spreading to Western countries due to an invasive syndrome. hvKP isolates can cause serious, life-threatening community-acquired infections in younger healthy hosts, including liver abscess, pneumonia, meningitis and endophthalmitis...
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284248/streptococcus-suis-a-re-emerging-pathogen-associated-with-occupational-exposure-to-pigs-or-pork-products-part-i-epidemiology
#17
Jacek Dutkiewicz, Jacek Sroka, Violetta Zając, Bernard Wasiński, Ewa Cisak, Anna Sawczyn, Anna Kloc, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla
<i>Streptococcus suis</i> (ex Elliot 1966, Kilpper-Bälz & Schleifer 1987) is a facultatively anaerobic Gram-positive ovoid or coccal bacterium surrounded by a polysaccharide capsule. Based on the antigenic diversity of the capsule, <i>S. suis</i> strains are classified serologically into 35 serotypes. <i>Streptococcus suis</i> is a commensal of pigs, commonly colonizing their tonsils and nasal cavities, mostly in weaning piglets between 4-10 weeks of age. This species occurs also in cattle and other mammals, in birds and in humans...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282402/acute-endophthalmitis-caused-by-leuconostoc-spp-following-intravitreal-bevacizumab-injection
#18
Supreet Singh, Chirag V Patel, Kamal Kishore
We present a case of acute endophthalmitis caused by Leuconostoc spp. following intravitreal bevacizumab injection. An 86-year-old immunocompetent female developed acute endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. The patient presented with pain, visual acuity of hand motions, hypopyon, and dense vitritis 96 h after treatment. She was treated with vitreous and anterior chamber tap followed by intravitreal injections of 1 mg vancomycin, 2.25 mg ceftazidime, and 400 μg dexamethasone...
September 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280751/different-genotypes-of-adhesion-operon-genes-in-staphylococcus-epidermidis-isolates-from-various-ocular-infections
#19
Mehrnoush Sharifinejad, Narjes Shokatpour, Farshad Farnaghi, Zohreh Abedinyfar, Fahimeh Asadi Amoli, Farahnoosh Doustdar
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of the common causes of bacterial keratitis and post-operation infections. One of the most important virulence factors of S. epidermidis is biofilm formation. Poly-N-acetylglucosamine (PNAG) production is critical for biofilm formation in S. epidermidis. The intercellular adhesion (ica) operon is formed by icaA, icaD, icaB, and icaC genes, which participate in the biosynthesis of PNAG. Strains of S. epidermidis from different infections show different genotypes in relation to adhesion operon genes...
December 26, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276375/prophylactic-intracameral-levofloxacin-in-cataract-surgery-an-evaluation-of-safety
#20
Cesar Ramon G Espiritu, Joanne G Bolinao
Purpose: To evaluate posterior and anterior segment safety of an intracameral injection of levofloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution as prophylaxis for patients undergoing cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation. Setting: This study was conducted at Manila Doctors Hospital, Ermita, Manila, Philippines. Design: This was a prospective interventional study. Methods: Eyes undergoing standard phacoemulsification cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation were treated with intracameral levofloxacin 0...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
7017
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"