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Endophthalmitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074414/spontaneous-remission-of-subcutaneous-scedosporiosis-caused-by-scedosporium-dehoogii-in-a-psoriatic-patient
#1
Fang-Gu Li, Yan-Ping Yang, Wei Li, Ping Sheng, Wen Li, Wen-Ming Huang, Yi-Ming Fan
To date, only one case of post-traumatic endophthalmitis caused by Scedosporium dehoogii has been reported, but its contamination or colonization might not be precluded due to the absence of pathogenic isolation and/or pathological examination. We report the first case to our knowledge of S. dehoogii-induced subcutaneous scedosporiosis in a psoriatic patient. A 58-year-old man with 5-year history of psoriasis vulgaris and immunosuppressant therapy developed pyrexia and multiple subcutaneous abscesses on both knees...
January 10, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056067/prevention-of-evisceration-or-enucleation-in-endogenous-bacterial-panophthalmitis-with-no-light-perception-and-scleral-abscess
#2
Kuan-Jen Chen, Yen-Po Chen, An-Ning Chao, Nan-Kai Wang, Wei-Chi Wu, Chi-Chun Lai, Tun-Lu Chen
Panophthalmitis is the most extensive ocular involvement in endophthalmitis with inflammation in periocular tissues. Severe inflammation of the anterior and posterior segments is frequently accompanied by corneal opacity, scleral abscess, and perforation or rupture. Enucleation or evisceration was the only remaining viable treatment option when all options to salvage the eye had been exhausted. The purpose of this retrospective study is to examine the outcomes of patients with endogenous bacterial panophthalmitis, no light perception and scleral abscess who were treated with multiple intravitreal and periocular injections of antibiotics and dexamethasone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053528/bottom-up-fabrication-of-zwitterionic-polymer-brushes-on-intraocular-lens-for-improved-biocompatibility
#3
Yuemei Han, Xu Xu, Junmei Tang, Chenghui Shen, Quankui Lin, Hao Chen
Intraocular lens (IOL) is an efficient implantable device commonly used for treating cataracts. However, bioadhesion of bacteria or residual lens epithelial cells on the IOL surface after surgery causes postoperative complications, such as endophthalmitis or posterior capsular opacification, and leads to loss of sight again. In the present study, zwitterionic polymer brushes were fabricated on the IOL surface via bottom-up grafting procedure. The attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared and contact angle measurements indicated successful surface modification, as well as excellent hydrophilicity...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053527/fabrication-of-nonfouling-bactericidal-and-bacteria-corpse-release-multifunctional-surface-through-surface-initiated-raft-polymerization
#4
Bailiang Wang, Zi Ye, Yihong Tang, Yuemei Han, Quankui Lin, Huihua Liu, Hao Chen, Kaihui Nan
Infections after surgery or endophthalmitis are potentially blinding complications caused by bacterial adhesion and subsequent biofilm formation on the intraocular lens. Neither single-function anti-adhesion surface nor contacting killing surface can exhibit ideal antibacterial function. In this work, a novel (2-(dimethylamino)-ethyl methacrylate-co-2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (p (DMAEMA-co-MPC)) brush was synthesized by "grafting from" method through reversible-addition fragmentation chain transfer polymerization...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050045/liver-abscess-and-metastatic-endophthalmitis-secondary-to-klebsiella-pneumoniae-k1
#5
Kao-Lang Liu, Hsin-Yuan Sun, Chi-Tai Fang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041861/macular-hemorrhages-associated-with-neonatal-polycythemia-and-thrombocytopenia-a-case-report
#6
Z Cui, Y Zhang, L Liang, Z Li, Q Hao
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia occurs in 51% of neonates with polycythemia and is independently associated with growth restriction. Increased hematocrit is associated with decreased platelet count. The possibility of a hemorrhage should be noted. CASE DESCRIPTION: A Chinese male newborn presented with elevated hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. The platelet count decreased to 10×10(9)/L during the 1st week after birth and remained abnormal at day 12. Vitreous turbidity of the right eye was detected 2 days later and was suspected of stemming from endophthalmitis or ocular inflammation...
December 29, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033444/comparison-of-recent-studies-of-postoperative-endophthalmitis-from-the-same-national-database
#7
Mitchell B Lee, Samantha Bobba, Ian C Francis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033440/comparison-of-recent-studies-of-postoperative-endophthalmitis-from-the-same-national-database
#8
Andrzej Grzybowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033434/comparison-of-recent-studies-of-postoperative-endophthalmitis-from-the-same-national-database-reply
#9
Vincent Daien, Max Villain, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033233/outcomes-of-pars-plana-vitrectomy-in-the-management-of-refractory-aqueous-misdirection-syndrome
#10
Ghada Y Al Bin Ali, Ammar M Al-Mahmood, Rajiv Khandekar, Emad B Abboud, Deepak P Edward, Igor Kozak
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy and complications of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and adjunct surgeries for aqueous misdirection refractory to medical therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive eyes with refractory aqueous misdirection at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital between 2002 and 2010. Patients underwent two-port and three-port pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with adjunct procedures including pars plana lensectomy combined with posterior capsulectomy, hyaloido-zonulo-iridectomy, and synechiolysis...
December 28, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013528/pathogens-and-antibiotic-sensitivities-in-endophthalmitis
#11
Geraldine R Slean, Neal H Shorstein, Liyan Liu, John F Paschal, Kevin L Winthrop, Lisa J Herrinton
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prophylaxis in cataract surgery is intended to minimize endophthalmitis. We describe pathogenic organisms, antibiotic sensitivities, and antibiotic prophylaxis in culture-proven endophthalmitis cases. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive case series, community-based setting. SAMPLES: 215 cases of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery performed during 2007-2012 in Kaiser Permanente, California. METHODS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Descriptive analysis of isolated organisms and antibiotic sensitivities in relation to antibiotic prophylaxis in culture-proven endophthalmitis cases...
December 25, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007117/anaphylactic-reaction-secondary-to-topical-preoperative-moxifloxacin
#12
Michael A Ullman, Kirsten J Midgley, Jocelyn Kim, Saul Ullman
: We report a case of anaphylactic shock following topical administration of moxifloxacin for endophthalmitis prophylaxis prior to cataract surgery. Immunoglobulin E (IgE) serology and IgE skin testing confirmed the anaphylactic etiology. Phacoemulsification with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation was later performed with identical preoperative preparation except for the exclusion of moxifloxacin; no anaphylactic response occurred. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an anaphylactic response to topical moxifloxacin...
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007104/dose-and-administration-of-intracameral-moxifloxacin-for-prophylaxis-of-postoperative-endophthalmitis
#13
Steve A Arshinoff, Milad Modabber
PURPOSE: To review current and past practices of intracameral antibiotic administration for infection prophylaxis in cataract surgery; to review the benefits and liabilities of available prophylactic drugs, dosage determination, and administration protocols; and to devise an optimum dose and administration protocol for intracameral moxifloxacin. SETTING: Humber River Hospital and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of treatment modality...
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003784/pros-and-cons-of-immediately-sequential-bilateral-cataract-surgery-isbcs
#14
REVIEW
Andrzej Grzybowski, Weronika Wasinska-Borowiec, Charles Claoué
Immediately sequential bilateral cataract surgery (ISBCS) is currently a "hot topic" in ophthalmology. There are well-documented advantages in terms of quicker visual rehabilitation and reduced costs. The risk of bilateral simultaneous endophthalmitis and bilateral blindness is now recognized to be minuscule with the advent of intracameral antibiotics and modern management of endophthalmitis. Refractive surprises are rare for normal eyes and with the use of optical biometry. Where a general anesthetic is indicated for cataract surgery, the risk of death from a second anesthetic is much higher than the risk of blindness...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002285/ochroconis-gallopava-endophthalmitis-successfully-treated-with-intravitreal-voriconazole-and-amphotericin-b
#15
Esther L Kim, Sachi R Patel, Meena S George, Hossein Ameri
PURPOSE: Ochroconis gallopava is a darkly pigmented septated fungus that rarely infects humans, almost universally immunocompromised individuals. Only one previous case has been reported of O. gallopava endophthalmitis, in which the patient progressed to a visual acuity of no light perception. The authors currently describe the first successfully treated case of O. gallopava endophthalmitis. METHODS: A 65-year-old Hispanic woman on chronic immunosuppression after a right lung transplant was admitted to the hospital for O...
December 20, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999681/timing-and-outcomes-of-vitreoretinal-surgery-after-traumatic-retinal-detachment
#16
REVIEW
Molly Orban, Yasmin Florence Khodeja Islam, Luis J Haddock
Traumatic retinal detachments are a significant cause of morbidity. There are currently no evidence-based guidelines on the appropriate time to perform vitreoretinal surgery to repair a traumatic retinal detachment. Early intervention, within seven days of the inciting trauma, may decrease proliferative vitreoretinopathy and postoperative endophthalmitis. Later intervention may yield a reduced risk of inflammation and hemorrhage, particularly in cases of concomitant open globe injuries. This article reviews the literature on the management of retinal detachments associated with ocular trauma from the years 2006 to 2016...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994401/streptococcus-agalactiae-endophthalmitis-in-boston-keratoprosthesis-in-a-patient-with-steven-johnson-syndrome
#17
Humoud M Al-Otaibi, Mohammed Talea, Omar Kirat, Donald U Stone, William N May, Igor Kozak
A 25-year-old Syrian male with a previous episode of Stevens-Johnson syndrome with bilateral corneal cicatrization previously underwent surgery for Type 1 Boston Keratoprosthesis (K-Pro). Sixteen months after the K-Pro surgery, the patient presented with decreased vision to hand motion and microbial keratitis of the graft around the K-Pro with purulent discharge. Corneal scrapings were nonrevealing. B-scan in 3 days showed increased debris in the vitreous cavity and thickened retinochoroidal layer. Intravitreal tap and injections of vancomycin and ceftazidime were performed...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994397/phacoantigenic-reaction-masquerading-as-postoperative-endophthalmitis-in-a-silicone-oil-filled-eye
#18
Bindu Rajesh, Rameez Hussain, Mahesh Gopalakrishnan, Anantharaman Giridhar
A 72-year-old phakic male with immature cataract underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil injection in his left eye for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. The surgery was uneventful except for lens touch during vitrectomy. Two weeks postoperatively, he presented with circumcorneal congestion, hypopyon, and absent fundal glow suggestive of postoperative endophthalmitis. The patient was managed conservatively as he refused further intervention. Five weeks later, ocular inflammation subsided following posterior dislocation of the cataractous lens, thus revealing the error in our initial diagnosis...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990307/endogenous-fusarium-endophthalmitis-in-diabetes-mellitus
#19
S Balamurugan, Ashish Khodifad
Endogenous endophthalmitis accounts for 2% to 8% of cases of endophthalmitis. Immunocompromised state and intravenous drug use are the 2 most common causes of endogenous endophthalmitis due to molds fungi. Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Scedosporium are the common organisms in mold endophthalmitis. We report a case of Fusarium endophthalmitis in a patient with uncontrolled diabetes. While diabetes mellitus is a well-known risk factor for endogenous endophthalmitis, we did not find any reported case of Fusarium endophthalmitis in a case of diabetes mellitus...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989942/maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry-for-rapid-diagnosis-of-postoperative-endophthalmitis
#20
Adriane Mailhac, Harmonie Durand, Sandrine Boisset, Danièle Maubon, Francois Berger, Max Maurin, Christophe Chiquet, Marie Bidart
This study describes an innovative strategy for rapid detection and identification of bacteria causing endophthalmitis, combining the use of an automated blood culture system with MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry methodology. Using this protocol, we could identify 96% of 45 bacterial strains isolated from vitreous samples collected in acute post-operative endophthalmitis patients.
January 30, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
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