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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806861/impact-of-joint-attention-on-social-communication-skills-in-internationally-adopted-children
#1
Stephanie A Moberg, Rowena Ng, Dana E Johnson, Maria G Kroupina
Internationally adopted (IA) children have often experienced early adversity and are at risk for long-term deficiencies in multiple developmental domains. This study examined the association between IA children's joint attention (JA) soon after arrival and later cognitive, communicative, and socioemotional competency 6 months' postadoption. We expected a child's initial JA would positively predict later cognitive, communication, and social ability. IA children (n = 63) adopted from Eastern Europe were seen soon after their arrival into the United States to assess their JA...
August 14, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806845/-effectivity-of-inpatient-psychosomatic-treatment-results-of-a-naturalistic-two-year-survey-in-a-psychosomatic-service-at-a-general-hospital
#2
Juan Valdés-Stauber, Alexander Fuchs, Sören Reiner, Susanne Bachthaler
Background Hospital psychosomatic treatment matches care expectations of a modern society. Evidence of its effectiveness through investigation in different settings is of importance because of prominent role of psychotherapy in German Healthcare System. Objective First, to explore whether clinical as well as personal resources could improve significantly due to a hospital psychosomatic treatment. Second, to assess possible associations between outcome variables and other variables from the multidimensional profile of the sample...
August 14, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806819/indicators-of-dysphagia-in-aged-care-facilities
#3
Dai Pu, Thomas Murry, May C M Wong, Edwin M L Yiu, Karen M K Chan
Purpose: The current cross-sectional study aimed to investigate risk factors for dysphagia in elderly individuals in aged care facilities. Method: A total of 878 individuals from 42 aged care facilities were recruited for this study. The dependent outcome was speech therapist-determined swallowing function. Independent factors were Eating Assessment Tool score, oral motor assessment score, Mini-Mental State Examination, medical history, and various functional status ratings...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806783/the-utilization-of-critical-care-ultrasound-to-assess-hemodynamics-and-lung-pathology-on-icu-admission-and-the-potential-for-predicting-outcome
#4
Wanhong Yin, Yi Li, Xueying Zeng, Yao Qin, Dong Wang, Tongjuan Zou, Ling Su, Yan Kang
AIM: Critical care ultrasound (CCUS) has been used by many Intensive Care Units(ICUs) worldwide, so as to guiding the diagnosis and the treatment. However, none of the publications currently systematically describe the utilization of CCUS to analyze the characteristics of hemodynamics and lung pathology upon the new admission to ICU and its potential role in patients' prognosis prediction. In this retrospective clinical study, we have demonstrated and analyzed the characteristics of hemodynamics and lung pathology assessed by CCUS and investigated its potential to predict patient outcome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806778/serum-resistin-as-an-independent-marker-of-aortic-stiffness-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#5
Ji-Hung Wang, Chung-Jen Lee, Chiu-Fen Yang, Yu-Chih Chen, Bang-Gee Hsu
BACKGROUND: Subjects with higher carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) will be at an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events in future. Resistin is an inflammatory mediator and a biomarker of CV diseases. We evaluated the association between serum resistin and aortic stiffness in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A total of 104 patients with CAD were enrolled in this study. cfPWV was measured using the SphygmoCor system. Patients with cfPWV >10 m/s were defined as the high aortic stiffness group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806775/depression-screening-with-patient-targeted-feedback-in-cardiology-the-cost-effectiveness-of-depscreen-info
#6
Christian Brettschneider, Sebastian Kohlmann, Benjamin Gierk, Bernd Löwe, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: Although depression is common in patients with heart disease, screening for depression is much debated. DEPSCREEN-INFO showed that a patient-targeted feedback in addition to screening results in lower depression level six months after screening. The purpose of this analysis was to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of DEPSCREEN-INFO. METHODS: Patients with coronary heart disease or arterial hypertension were included. Participants in both groups were screened for depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806769/effects-of-statin-therapy-on-clinical-outcomes-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-advanced-renal-dysfunction-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#7
Jin Sug Kim, Weon Kim, Ji Yoon Park, Jong Shin Woo, Tae Won Lee, Chun Gyoo Ihm, Yang Gyun Kim, Ju-Young Moon, Sang Ho Lee, Myung Ho Jeong, Kyung Hwan Jeong
OBJECTIVE: Lipid lowering therapy is widely used for the prevention of cardiovascular complications after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, some studies show that this benefit is uncertain in patients with renal dysfunction, and the role of statins is based on the severity of renal dysfunction. In this study, we investigated the impact of statin therapy on major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and all-cause mortality in patients with advanced renal dysfunction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after AMI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806753/accelerometer-derived-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-by-cancer-type-in-the-united-states
#8
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Keith P Gennuso, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
The 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were among the first population-level studies to incorporate objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior, allowing for greater understanding of these behaviors. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive examination of these data in cancer survivors, including short- and long-term survivors of all cancer types. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to use these data to describe activity behaviors in short- and long-term cancer survivors of various types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806737/effectiveness-of-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-preventing-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-children-aged-7-59-months-a-matched-case-control-study
#9
Ángela Domínguez, Pilar Ciruela, Sergi Hernández, Juan José García-García, Núria Soldevila, Conchita Izquierdo, Fernando Moraga-Llop, Alvaro Díaz, Mariona F de Sevilla, Sebastià González-Peris, Magda Campins, Sonia Uriona, Johanna Martínez-Osorio, Anna Solé-Ribalta, Gemma Codina, Cristina Esteva, Ana María Planes, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro, Luis Salleras
BACKGROUND: The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) was licensed based on the results of immunogenicity studies and correlates of protection derived from randomized clinical trials of the 7-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine. We assessed the vaccination effectiveness (VE) of the PCV13 in preventing invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children aged 7-59 months in a population with suboptimal vaccination coverage of 55%. METHODS: The study was carried out in children with IPD admitted to three hospitals in Barcelona (Spain) and controls matched by hospital, age, sex, date of hospitalization and underlying disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#10
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806725/link-between-perceived-smoking-behaviour-at-school-and-students-smoking-status-a-large-survey-among-italian-adolescents
#11
I Backhaus, V D'Egidio, D Grassucci, M Gelardini, C Ardizzone, G La Torre
OBJECTIVES: To investigate a possible link between sociodemographic factors, the perception of smoking habits at school and smoking status of Italian adolescents attending secondary school. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional study. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was employed to gather information on age, gender, smoking status and to examine the perception of smoking behaviour on the school premises. Chi-squared and Kruskal-Wallis tests were performed for the univariate analysis and logistic and multinomial regressions for the multivariate analysis...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806713/activity-groups-for-persons-with-dementia-personal-predictors-of-participation-engagement-and-mood
#12
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield
This study examined the relationship between personal characteristics and attendance, engagement, sleep, and mood outcomes of persons with dementia participating in group activities. The purpose of this study is to examine which persons with dementia benefit most from group interventions. Sixty-nine persons with dementia were observed by research and therapeutic recreation staff during 10 types of group activities (reading aloud with discussion, choral-singing, baking, creative storytelling, brain games, active games, exercise, reminiscence poetry, holiday newsletter, and holiday discussions) on multiple outcomes (attendance duration, sleep, engagement, active participation, attitude, and positive mood)...
July 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806681/human-biomonitoring-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbonsand-metals-in-the-general-population-residing-near-the-municipal-solid-waste-incinerator-of-modena-italy
#13
Maria Giulia Gatti, Petra Bechtold, Laura Campo, Giovanna Barbieri, Giulia Quattrini, Andrea Ranzi, Sabrina Sucato, Luca Olgiati, Elisa Polledri, Michael Romolo, Laura Iacuzio, Giuliano Carrozzi, Paolo Lauriola, Carlo A Goldoni, Silvia Fustinoni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A cross-sectional biomonitoring study was carried out to investigate exposure to incinerator emission in relation to the body burden of selected biomarkers in the population living around the plant. METHODS: Approximately 500 people, aged 18-69 yrs, living within 4 km from the incinerator were randomly selected form the population register. Exposure was measured through fall-out maps of particulate matter (PM), used as tracer for incinerator emissions...
August 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806679/development-of-a-predictive-model-for-lead-cadmium-and-fluorine-soil-water-partition-coefficients-using-sparse-multiple-linear-regression-analysis
#14
Kengo Nakamura, Tetsuo Yasutaka, Tatsu Kuwatani, Takeshi Komai
In this study, we applied sparse multiple linear regression (SMLR) analysis to clarify the relationships between soil properties and adsorption characteristics for a range of soils across Japan and identify easily-obtained physical and chemical soil properties that could be used to predict K and n values of cadmium, lead and fluorine. A model was first constructed that can easily predict the K and n values from nine soil parameters (pH, cation exchange capacity, specific surface area, total carbon, soil organic matter from loss on ignition and water holding capacity, the ratio of sand, silt and clay)...
July 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806649/firm-performance-and-the-role-of-environmental-management
#15
Tommy Lundgren, Wenchao Zhou
This paper analyzes the interactions between three dimensions of firm performance - productivity, energy efficiency, and environmental performance - and especially sheds light on the role of environmental management. In this context, environmental management is investments to reduce environmental impact, which may also affect firm competitiveness, in terms of change in productivity, and spur more (or less) efficient use of energy. We apply data envelopment analysis (DEA) technique to calculate the Malmquist firm performance indexes, and a panel vector auto-regression (VAR) methodology is utilized to investigate the dynamic and causal relationship between the three dimensions of firm performance and environmental investment...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806625/association-of-changes-among-body-condition-score-during-the-transition-period-with-nefa-and-bhba-concentrations-milk-production-fertility-and-health-of-holstein-cows
#16
R V Barletta, M Maturana Filho, P D Carvalho, T A Del Valle, A S Netto, F P Rennó, R D Mingoti, J R Gandra, G B Mourão, P M Fricke, R Sartori, E H Madureira, M C Wiltbank
Our objective was to evaluate the association between body condition score (BCS) change during the transition period with fertility, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) concentrations, milk yield, and health problems of Holstein cows in a retrospective cohort study. Holstein cows (n = 232) were assessed for BCS (5 point scale; 0.25 point increments) and had blood collected at 21 and 7 d before, on the day of, and 7 and 21 d after calving. Blood samples were assayed for NEFA and BHBA concentrations...
July 27, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806612/pilots-using-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-compared-to-other-fatally-injured-pilots
#17
Paul Rogers, Christy Hileman, Guillermo Salazar, Kacey Cliburn, Lawrence Paskoff, William Hathaway, Kevin Gildea, Victor Hugo Tejera Villalaz
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) were a disqualifying medication for U.S. civil pilots before April 5, 2010. After this date, a Federal Aviation Administration policy was created that allowed airmen, on select SSRIs, a pathway to hold a valid medical certificate. The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed look at SSRIs in the U.S. pilot population since the inception of this new policy. We examined the toxicology results from fatally injured airmen in addition to outcomes concerning pilots who are participating in the program...
August 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806608/differential-effects-of-childhood-trauma-subtypes-on-fatigue-and-physical-functioning-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#18
Maud De Venter, Jela Illegems, Rita Van Royen, Greta Moorkens, Bernard G C Sabbe, Filip Van Den Eede
OBJECTIVE: There is wide consensus that childhood trauma plays an important role in the aetiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The current study examines the differential effects of childhood trauma subtypes on fatigue and physical functioning in individuals suffering from CFS. METHODS: Participants were 155 well-documented adult, predominantly female CFS patients receiving treatment at the outpatient treatment centre for CFS of the Antwerp University Hospital in Belgium...
July 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806597/a-nested-multivariate-chemometrics-based-calibration-strategy-for-direct-trace-biometal-analysis-in-soft-tissue-utilizing-energy-dispersive-x-ray-fluorescence-edxrf-and-scattering-spectrometry
#19
REVIEW
J J Okonda, K H Angeyo, J M Mangala, S M Kisia
Compton scatter-modulated fluorescence and multivariate chemometric (artificial neural network (ANN) and principal component regression (PCR)) calibration strategy was explored for direct rapid trace biometals (Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Se) analysis in "complex" matrices (model soft tissues). This involved spectral feature selection (multiple fluorescence signatures) normalized to or in conjunction with Compton scatter. ANN model resulted in more accurate trace biometal determination (R(2)>0.9) compared to PCR. Hybrid nested (ANN and PCR) approach led to optimized accurate biometals' concentrations in Oyster tissue (≤ ± 10%)...
August 8, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806582/beck-s-cognitive-theory-and-the-response-style-theory-of-depression-in-adolescents-with-and-without-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disability
#20
Martine M Weeland, Karin S Nijhof, R Otten, Ignace P R Vermaes, Jan K Buitelaar
AIM: This study tests the validity of Beck's cognitive theory and Nolen-Hoeksema's response style theory of depression in adolescents with and without MBID. METHODS: The relationship between negative cognitive errors (Beck), response styles (Nolen-Hoeksema) and depressive symptoms was examined in 135 adolescents using linear regression. RESULTS: The cognitive error 'underestimation of the ability to cope' was more prevalent among adolescents with MBID than among adolescents with average intelligence...
August 11, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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