keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Traditional

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906505/what-do-we-learn-about-development-from-baby-robots
#1
Pierre-Yves Oudeyer
Understanding infant development is one of the great scientific challenges of contemporary science. In addressing this challenge, robots have proven useful as they allow experimenters to model the developing brain and body and understand the processes by which new patterns emerge in sensorimotor, cognitive, and social domains. Robotics also complements traditional experimental methods in psychology and neuroscience, where only a few variables can be studied at the same time. Moreover, work with robots has enabled researchers to systematically explore the role of the body in shaping the development of skill...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906487/neutrophil-activation-during-acute-human-anaphylaxis-analysis-of-mpo-and-scd62l
#2
Abbie Francis, Erika Bosio, Shelley F Stone, Daniel M Fatovich, Glenn Arendts, Yusuf Nagree, Stephen P J Macdonald, Hugh Mitenko, Mani Rajee, Sally Burrows, Simon G A Brown
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms involved in the amplification of the mast cell response during anaphylaxis are unclear. Mouse models of anaphylaxis demonstrate the critical involvement of neutrophils. These innate immune cells are highly abundant in peripheral blood and can be rapidly activated to trigger both local and systemic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate neutrophil activation in peripheral blood during acute human anaphylaxis. METHODS: Patients presenting to the Emergency Department with anaphylaxis underwent blood sampling upon enrolment and at up to three subsequent time points...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906451/proximity-dependent-biotinylation-for-identification-of-interacting-proteins
#3
Valerie Le Sage, Alessandro Cinti, Andrew J Mouland
Complex interaction networks orchestrate key cellular processes including but not limited to transcription, translation, metabolism, and cell signaling. Delineating these interactions will aid in deciphering the regulation and function of these pathways and potential for manipulation. Proximity-dependent biotin identification (BioID) is quickly gaining popularity as a powerful tool for identifying novel protein-protein and proximity-based interactions in live cells. This technique relies on a promiscuous biotin ligase, which is fused to a protein of interest and, upon expression in the desired cell, will biotinylate proximal endogenous proteins...
December 1, 2016: Current Protocols in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906383/an-improved-model-of-homogeneous-nucleation-for-high-supersaturation-conditions-aluminum-vapor
#4
A M Savel'ev, A M Starik
A novel model of stationary nucleation, treating the thermodynamic functions of small clusters, has been built. The model is validated against the experimental data on the nucleation rate of water vapor obtained in a broad range of supersaturation values (S = 10-120), and, at high supersaturation values, it reproduces the experimental data much better than the traditional classical nucleation model. A comprehensive analysis of the nucleation of aluminum vapor with the usage of developed stationary and non-stationary nucleation models has been performed...
December 1, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906362/2-sup-16-sup-shades-of-gray-high-bit-depth-projection-using-light-intensity-control
#5
Jen-Hao Rick Chang, B V K Vijaya Kumar, Aswin C Sankaranarayanan
Projectors create grayscale images by outputting a series of bitplanes or binary images within a short time period. While this technique works well for projecting low bit-depth (8-bit) images, it becomes infeasible for high bit-depth (say, 16-bit) projection - a capability that is increasingly desirable in many applications including cinemas and gaming. Existing designs for high bit-depth projection rely on multiple spatial light modulators and, as a consequence, their costs and complexities are usually far beyond the average consumer...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906360/large-amplitude-wavelength-modulation-spectroscopy-for-sensitive-measurements-of-broad-absorbers
#6
Torrey R S Hayden, Gregory B Rieker
We demonstrate large amplitude wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS) with a MEMS-tunable vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (MEMS-VCSEL) to measure high-density gases. WMS enables sensitive measurements of gas phase thermodynamic properties in harsh environments, but has been limited to moderate pressure and density conditions because of the narrow tuning range of traditional DFB lasers. The MEMS-tunable laser is able to rapidly modulate across the broadened features of high-density gas mixtures to produce the harmonic signals in the detected light intensity typical of WMS...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906356/enhanced-infrared-transmission-through-gold-nanoslit-arrays-via-surface-plasmons-in-continuous-graphene
#7
Zizhuo Liu, Koray Aydin
Graphene is a monolayer plasmonic material that has been widely studied in the area of plasmonics and nanophotonics. Combining graphene with traditional plasmonic structures provides new opportunities and challenges. One particular application for nanostructured metals is enhanced optical transmission. However, extraordinary transmission (EOT) is known to have a frequency-selective performance due to size and periodicity of the nanohole arrays. Here, we propose to use a continuous graphene layer to enhance transmission through gold nanoslit arrays at mid-infrared (mid-IR) wavelengths...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906259/spatiotemporal-blue-noise-coded-aperture-design-for-multi-shot-compressive-spectral-imaging
#8
Claudia V Correa, Henry Arguello, Gonzalo R Arce
Multi-shot coded aperture snapshot spectral imaging (CASSI) systems capture the spectral information of a scene using a small set of coded focal plane array (FPA) compressive measurements. Compressed sensing (CS) reconstruction algorithms are then used to reconstruct the underlying spectral 3D data cube from an underdetermined system of linear equations. Multiple snapshots result in a less ill-posed inverse problem and improved reconstructions. The only varying components in CASSI are the coded apertures, whose structure is crucial inasmuch as they determine the minimum number of FPA measurements needed for correct image reconstruction and the corresponding attainable quality...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906192/thematic-analysis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementation-of-neonatal-resuscitation-guideline-changes
#9
H C Lee, V Arora, T Brown, A Lyndon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate experiences regarding implementation of Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) guideline changes in the context of a collaborative quality improvement (QI) project. STUDY DESIGN: Focus groups were conducted with local QI leaders and providers from nine sites that participated in a QI collaborative. Thematic analysis identified facilitators and barriers to implementation of NRP guideline changes and QI in general. RESULTS: Facilitators for QI included comparative process measurement and data tracking...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906188/large-scale-pharmacological-profiling-of-3d-tumor-models-of-cancer-cells
#10
Lesley A Mathews Griner, Xiaohu Zhang, Rajarshi Guha, Crystal McKnight, Ian S Goldlust, Madhu Lal-Nag, Kelli Wilson, Sam Michael, Steve Titus, Paul Shinn, Craig J Thomas, Marc Ferrer
The discovery of chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer commonly uses cell proliferation assays in which cells grow as two-dimensional (2D) monolayers. Compounds identified using 2D monolayer assays often fail to advance during clinical development, most likely because these assays do not reproduce the cellular complexity of tumors and their microenvironment in vivo. The use of three-dimensional (3D) cellular systems have been explored as enabling more predictive in vitro tumor models for drug discovery...
December 1, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906181/stat6-deficiency-ameliorates-graves-disease-severity-by-suppressing-thyroid-epithelial-cell-hyperplasia
#11
Xuechao Jiang, Bingbing Zha, Xiaoming Liu, Ronghua Liu, Jun Liu, Enyu Huang, Tingting Qian, Jiajing Liu, Zhiming Wang, Dan Zhang, Luman Wang, Yiwei Chu
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) is involved in epithelial cell growth. However, little is known regarding the STAT6 phosphorylation status in Graves' disease (GD) and its role in thyroid epithelial cells (TECs). In this study, we found that STAT6 phosphorylation (p-STAT6) was significantly increased in TECs from both GD patients and experimental autoimmune Graves' disease mice and that STAT6 deficiency ameliorated GD symptoms. Autocrine IL-4 signalling in TECs activated the phosphorylation of STAT6 via IL-4 R engagement, and the downstream targets of STAT6 were Bcl-xL and cyclin D1...
December 1, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906004/a-quantitative-evidence-base-for-population-health-applying-utilization-based-cluster-analysis-to-segment-a-patient-population
#12
Sabine I Vuik, Erik Mayer, Ara Darzi
BACKGROUND: To improve population health it is crucial to understand the different care needs within a population. Traditional population groups are often based on characteristics such as age or morbidities. However, this does not take into account specific care needs across care settings and tends to focus on high-needs patients only. This paper explores the potential of using utilization-based cluster analysis to segment a general patient population into homogenous groups. METHODS: Administrative datasets covering primary and secondary care were used to construct a database of 300,000 patients, which included socio-demographic variables, morbidities, care utilization, and cost...
November 25, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905979/diabetes-incidence-and-projections-from-prevalence-surveys-in-fiji
#13
Stephen Morrell, Sophia Lin, Isimeli Tukana, Christine Linhart, Richard Taylor, Penina Vatucawaqa, Dianna J Magliano, Paul Zimmet
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) incidence is traditionally derived from cohort studies that are not always feasible, representative, or available. The present study estimates T2DM incidence in Fijian adults from T2DM prevalence estimates assembled from surveys of 25-64 year old adults conducted over 30 years (n = 14,288). METHODS: T2DM prevalence by five-year age group from five population-based risk factor surveys conducted over 1980-2011 were variously adjusted for urban-rural residency, ethnicity, and sex to previous censuses (1976, 1986, 1996, 2009) to improve representativeness...
November 25, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905970/a-feasibility-study-on-using-smartphones-to-conduct-short-version-verbal-autopsies-in-rural-china
#14
Jing Zhang, Rohina Joshi, Jixin Sun, Samantha R Rosenthal, Miao Tong, Cong Li, Rasika Rampatige, Meghan Mooney, Alan Lopez, Lijing L Yan
BACKGROUND: Currently there are two main sources of mortality data with cause of death assignments in China. Both sources-the Ministry of Health-Vital Registration system and the Chinese Disease Surveillance Point system-present their own challenges. A new approach to cause of death assignment is a smartphone-based shortened version of a verbal autopsy survey. This study evaluates the feasibility and acceptability of this new method conducted by township health care providers (THP) and village doctors (VD) in rural China, where a large proportion of deaths occur in homes and cause of death data are inaccurate or lacking...
August 20, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905929/smoking-cessation-programmes-using-traditional-medicine-in-korea
#15
Soobin Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Kyeong Han Kim, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Seung-Ho Sun, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko, Sunju Park
BACKGROUND: There are growing interests in using various methods including traditional and complementary medicines (T&CM) for tobacco control. The study aimed to introduce how traditional Korean medicine (TKM) applied to smoking cessation programmes in Korea and to show the detail information of each programme for designing other smoke cessation programmes. METHODS: Reports of the smoke cessation programmes in Korea were searched on March 10th, 2016, from the webpages of the related agencies and the databases: the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Korea Health Foundation, the Association of Korean Medicine, PubMed, Google scholar, the RISS, the KISS, the NDSL, and the OASIS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905920/synergistic-effects-and-related-bioactive-mechanism-of-potentilla-fruticosa-l-leaves-combined-with-ginkgo-biloba-extracts-studied-with-microbial-test-system-mts
#16
Ze-Hua Liu, Dong-Mei Wang, Su-Fang Fan, Deng-Wu Li, Zi-Wen Luo
BACKGROUND: Potentilla fruticosa, also called "Jinlaomei" and "Gesanghua", is widely used as folk herbs in traditional Tibetan medicine in China to treat inflammations, wounds, certain forms of cancer, diarrhoea, diabetes and other ailments. Previous research found P. fruticosa leaf extract (C-3) combined with Ginkgo biloba extracts (EGb) showed obvious synergistic effects in a variety of oxidation systems. The aim of the present study was to further confirm the synergy of P. fruticosa combined with EGb viewed from physiological bioavailability and explore the related bioactive mechanism behind the synergism...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905885/mefit-merging-and-filtering-tool-for-illumina-paired-end-reads-for-16s-rrna-amplicon-sequencing
#17
Hardik I Parikh, Vishal N Koparde, Steven P Bradley, Gregory A Buck, Nihar U Sheth
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in next-generation sequencing have revolutionized genomic research. 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing using paired-end sequencing on the MiSeq platform from Illumina, Inc., is being used to characterize the composition and dynamics of extremely complex/diverse microbial communities. For this analysis on the Illumina platform, merging and quality filtering of paired-end reads are essential first steps in data analysis to ensure the accuracy and reliability of downstream analysis...
December 1, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905862/beginning-of-a-series-on-neighborhoods-and-communities-aging-in-non-traditional-housing
#18
Michelle Putnam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905833/non-conventional-expression-systems-for-the-production-of-vaccine-proteins-and-immunotherapeutic-molecules
#19
Isabelle Legastelois, Sophie Buffin, Isabelle Peubez, Charlotte Mignon, Régis Sodoyer, Bettina Werle
The increasing demand for recombinant vaccine antigens or immunotherapeutic molecules calls into question the universality of current protein expression systems. Vaccine production can require relatively low amounts of expressed materials, but represents an extremely diverse category consisting of different target antigens with marked structural differences. In contrast, monoclonal antibodies, by definition share key molecular characteristics and require a production system capable of very large outputs, which drives the quest for highly efficient and cost-effective systems...
December 1, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905823/are-recreational-scuba-divers-with-asthma-at-increased-risk
#20
Amalie Ustrup, Charlotte Suppli Ulrik
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Asthma has traditionally been regarded as a contraindication to Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus (SCUBA) diving, although large numbers of patients with asthma dive. The aim of the present review is to provide an update on current knowledge on potential disease-related hazards in SUBA-divers with asthma. METHODS: Systematic literature review based on the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
keyword
keyword
70157
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"