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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231682/unmet-needs-of-the-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling mental disorder with the chronic and difficult course. The disorder is accompanied by numerous limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning. OCD decreases the quality of life and the chance to maintain relationships and professional status. The patients with OCD often experience a severe disabling course of the disorder. Even the individuals, who follow treatment advice, are often still highly symptomatic. In the last decade, the concept of the needs has been assessed as an extent of the traditional outcome evaluation in order to focus on the identification of the specific needs of the patients and their relatives, improve the patients´ overall mental condition and quality of life, and also to increase the treatment effectiveness of the mental disorders...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231680/-a-review-on-the-advancement-of-internet-based-public-health-surveillance-program
#2
Y Q Zhao, W J Ma
Internet data is introduced into public health arena under the features of fast updating and tremendous volume. Mining and analyzing internet data, researchers can model the internet-based surveillance system to assess the distribution of health-related events. There are two main types of internet-based surveillance systems, i.e. active and passive, which are distinguished by the sources of information. Through passive surveillance system, information is collected from search engine and social media while the active system gathers information through provision of the volunteers...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231666/-an-outbreak-of-paratyphoid-fever-in-a-county-of-yunnan-province-2010-2011
#3
S K Wang, Z G Wang, X H Zhang, B Yang, Q Wu, B Kan, Y H Zhou, R S Yang, M Y Yan
Objective: To identify the source and to comment on control program regarding an outbreak of paratyphoid A fever in a county, through field studies. Methods: Descriptive epidemiological methods were adopted to describe the epidemiological characteristics of the outbreak, which occurred in Yuanjiang county, Yunan province between 2010-2011, China. Case-control study with environmental investigation was performed to identify related risk factors and pathogens while isolation and susceptibility on the suspected pathogens were conducted...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231664/-cross-sectional-surveys-on-the-use-of-recreational-drug-nitrous-acid-ester-rush-poppers-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-nanjing
#4
Z P Zhu, M Zhang, Y Y Xu, W J Xu, L Liu, S S Wu, L Guo, X Li
Objective: To investigate the situation of recreational drug nitrous acid ester inhaler-rush poppers use in men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: From April to June in 2014, October to December in 2014, April to June in 2015, three round cross-sectional surveys were conducted in MSM recruited in Nanjing by means of serum test and questionnaire survey. Results: Of the 1 721 MSM surveyed in three round, 19.3% (332/1 721) had ever used rush poppers, the proportions of MSM who used rush poppers in three round surveys showed an increasing trend (liner by liner χ(2)= 14...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231542/in-vitro-biocompatibility-and-proliferative-effects-of-polar-and-non-polar-extracts-of-cucurbita-ficifolia-on-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#5
Balakrishnan Aristatile, Ghedeir M Alshammari
Cucurbita ficifolia (C. ficifolia) has been traditionally known for its medicinal properties as an antioxidant, anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory agent. However, there has been an enduring attention towards the identification of unique method, to isolate the natural components for therapeutic applications. Our study focuses on different polar and non-polar solvents (methanol, hexane and chloroform) to extract the bioactive components from C. ficifolia (pumpkin) and to study the biocompatibility and cytotoxicity effects on human bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs)...
February 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231520/medicinal-plants-used-as-anthelmintics-ethnomedical-pharmacological-and-phytochemical-studies
#6
REVIEW
Juan Carlos Romero-Benavides, Ana Lucía Ruano, Ronal Silva-Rivas, Paola Castillo-Veintimilla, Sara Vivanco-Jaramillo, Natalia Bailon-Moscoso
Intestinal parasites delay mental and physical development in children. Infection with these parasites can result in complications during pregnancy and alter the health of newborns, which has long-term effects on educational attainment and economic productivity. The appearance of resistance against classical drug treatments generates interest in the development of new deworming alternatives. We think that research of new plants species may reveal potential antiparasitic compounds. This review is focused on the use of plants and secondary metabolites against intestinal parasites...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231430/combined-high-stretchability-and-gas-barrier-in-hydrogen-bonded-multilayer-nanobrick-wall-thin-films
#7
Shuang Qin, Yixuan Song, Michael Floto, Jaime C Grunlan
Hydrogen-bonded multilayer thin films are very stretchable, but their gas barrier properties are modest compared to more traditional ionically-bonded assemblies. In an effort to improve the gas barrier of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) - poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) multilayer films, without sacrificing stretchability, montmorillonite (MMT) clay platelets were combined with PAA and alternately deposited with PEO. A ten bilayer PEO/PAA+MMT film (432 nm thick), deposited on a 1 mm PU substrate, resulted in a 54X reduction in oxygen transmission rate after exposure to a 20% strain...
February 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231313/a-stochastic-hybrid-systems-based-framework-for-modeling-dependent-failure-processes
#8
Mengfei Fan, Zhiguo Zeng, Enrico Zio, Rui Kang, Ying Chen
In this paper, we develop a framework to model and analyze systems that are subject to dependent, competing degradation processes and random shocks. The degradation processes are described by stochastic differential equations, whereas transitions between the system discrete states are triggered by random shocks. The modeling is, then, based on Stochastic Hybrid Systems (SHS), whose state space is comprised of a continuous state determined by stochastic differential equations and a discrete state driven by stochastic transitions and reset maps...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231262/oleanolic-acid-induces-migration-in-mv1lu-and-mda-mb-231-epithelial-cells-involving-egf-receptor-and-map-kinases-activation
#9
Ángel Bernabé-García, David Armero-Barranco, Sergio Liarte, María Ruzafa-Martínez, Antonio Jesús Ramos-Morcillo, Francisco José Nicolás
During wound healing, skin function is restored by the action of several cell types that undergo differentiation, migration, proliferation and/or apoptosis. These dynamics are tightly regulated by the evolution of the extra cellular matrix (ECM) contents along the process. Pharmacologically active flavonoids have shown to exhibit useful physiological properties interesting in pathological states. Among them, oleanolic acid (OA), a pentacyclic triterpene, shows promising properties over wound healing, as increased cell migration in vitro and improved wound resolution in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231169/an-evaluation-of-alternatives-to-nitrites-and-sulfites-to-inhibit-the-growth-of-salmonella-enterica-and-listeria-monocytogenes-in-meat-products
#10
Alexandre Lamas, José Manuel Miranda, Beatriz Vázquez, Alberto Cepeda, Carlos Manuel Franco
In recent years, the use of nitrites and sulfites as food preservatives has been a cause for concern due to the health problems that these additives can cause in humans. Natural products have been studied as an alternative, but most of them have hardly been applied in the food industry for technological and economic reasons. In this sense, organic salts such as sodium acetate are a good alternative due to their affordability. Thus, this study evaluated the capacity of sodium nitrite, sodium sulfite, a sodium acetate product (TQI C-6000), and chitosan to inhibit two important foodborne pathogens, Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes...
October 31, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231163/gluten-free-bread-influence-of-sourdough-and-compressed-yeast-on-proofing-and-baking-properties
#11
Carola Cappa, Mara Lucisano, Andrea Raineri, Lorenzo Fongaro, Roberto Foschino, Manuela Mariotti
The use of sourdough is the oldest biotechnological process to leaven baked goods, and it represents a suitable technology to improve traditional bread texture, aroma, and shelf life. A limited number of studies concerning the use of sourdough in gluten-free (GF) breadmaking have been published in comparison to those on traditional bread. The aim of this study was to compare the properties of GF breads obtained by using a previously in-lab developed GF-sourdough (SD), compressed yeast (CY; Saccharomyces cerevisiae) or their mixture (SDCY) as leavening agents; more specifically, it aims to confirm the findings of a previous studies and to further improve (both in terms of recipe and process) the features of the resulting GF breads...
October 23, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231160/sourdough-based-biotechnologies-for-the-production-of-gluten-free-foods
#12
REVIEW
Luana Nionelli, Carlo Giuseppe Rizzello
Sourdough fermentation, a traditional biotechnology for making leavened baked goods, was almost completely replaced by the use of baker's yeast and chemical leavening agents in the last century. Recently, it has been rediscovered by the scientific community, consumers, and producers, thanks to several effects on organoleptic, technological, nutritional, and functional features of cereal-based products. Acidification, proteolysis, and activation of endogenous enzymes cause several changes during sourdough fermentation, carried out by lactic acid bacteria and yeasts, which positively affect the overall quality of the baked goods...
September 20, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231115/statistical-analysis-of-mineral-concentration-for-the-geographic-identification-of-garlic-samples-from-sicily-italy-tunisia-and-spain
#13
Rossella Vadalà, Antonio F Mottese, Giuseppe D Bua, Andrea Salvo, Domenico Mallamace, Carmelo Corsaro, Sebastiano Vasi, Salvatore V Giofrè, Maria Alfa, Nicola Cicero, Giacomo Dugo
We performed a statistical analysis of the concentration of mineral elements, by means of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), in different varieties of garlic from Spain, Tunisia, and Italy. Nubia Red Garlic (Sicily) is one of the most known Italian varieties that belongs to traditional Italian food products (P.A.T.) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry. The obtained results suggest that the concentrations of the considered elements may serve as geographical indicators for the discrimination of the origin of the different samples...
March 15, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231092/effect-of-different-flours-on-the-formation-of-hydroxymethylfurfural-furfural-and-dicarbonyl-compounds-in-heated-glucose-flour-systems
#14
Marta Mesías, Francisco J Morales
Traditional cereal-based foods usually include wheat flour in their formulations; however, the search for new products with new ingredients providing different properties to foods is widely pursued by food companies. Replacement of wheat by other flours can modify both nutritional properties and organoleptic characteristics of the final baked food, but can also impact the formation of potentially harmful compounds. The effect of the type of flour on the formation of furfurals and dicarbonyl compounds was studied in a dough model system during baking that contains water or glucose in order to promote the Maillard reaction and caramelization...
February 16, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231086/a-theoretical-analysis-for-assessing-the-variability-of-secondary-model-thermal-inactivation-kinetic-parameters
#15
Maria C Giannakourou, Nikolaos G Stoforos
Traditionally, for the determination of the kinetic parameters of thermal inactivation of a heat labile substance, an appropriate index is selected and its change is measured over time at a series of constant temperatures. The rate of this change is described through an appropriate primary model and a secondary model is applied to assess the impact of temperature. By this approach, the confidence intervals of the estimates of the rate constants are not taken into account. Consequently, the calculated variability of the secondary model parameters can be significantly lower than the actual variability...
January 12, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231033/evaluation-of-a-commercial-field-test-to-detect-african-swine-fever
#16
Stefano Cappai, Federica Loi, Annamaria Coccollone, Manuele Cocco, Caterina Falconi, Giovanna Dettori, Francesco Feliziani, Maria Luisa Sanna, Annalisa Oggiano, Sandro Rolesu
African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most important and complex infectious diseases affecting pigs ( Sus scrofa ). The disease has been present in Sardinia, Italy, since 1978. Factors influencing the presence of the disease on the island are the presence of illegally bred pigs, uncontrolled movements of animals, and local traditions. Implementation of public health programs is essential for controlling ASF. The use of new diagnostic techniques on both wild boar (WB) and illegally bred pigs would provide tools for faster and more inexpensive control of the disease...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230906/evaluation-of-skin-surface-as-an-alternative-source-of-reference-dna-samples-a-pilot-study
#17
Mohammed H Albujja, Abdul Aziz Bin Dukhyil, Abdul Rauf Chaudhary, Ahmed Ch Kassab, Ahmed M Refaat, Saranya Ramesh Babu, Mohammad K Okla, Sachil Kumar
An acceptable area for collecting DNA reference sample is a part of the forensic DNA analysis development. The aim of this study was to evaluate skin surface cells (SSC) as an alternate source of reference DNA sample. From each volunteer (n = 10), six samples from skin surface areas (forearm and fingertips) and two traditional samples (blood and buccal cells) were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted and quantified then genotyped using standard techniques. The highest DNA concentration of SSC samples was collected using the tape/forearm method of collection (2...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230801/ethnopharmacology-chemistry-and-biological-properties-of-four-malian-medicinal-plants
#18
REVIEW
Karl Egil Malterud
The ethnopharmacology, chemistry and pharmacology of four Malian medicinal plants, Biophytum umbraculum, Burkea africana, Lannea velutina and Terminalia macroptera are reviewed. These plants are used by traditional healers against numerous ailments: malaria, gastrointestinal diseases, wounds, sexually transmitted diseases, insect bites and snake bites, etc. The scientific evidence for these uses is, however, limited. From the chemical and pharmacological evidence presented here, it seems possible that the use in traditional medicine of these plants may have a rational basis, although more clinical studies are needed...
February 21, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230792/static-hot-air-and-infrared-rays-roasting-are-efficient-methods-for-aflatoxin-decontamination-on-hazelnuts
#19
Ilenia Siciliano, Barbara Dal Bello, Giuseppe Zeppa, Davide Spadaro, Maria Lodovica Gullino
Aflatoxins are a group of secondary metabolites produced by members of Aspergillus Section Flavi that are dangerous to humans and animals. Nuts can be potentially contaminated with aflatoxins, often over the legal threshold. Food processes, including roasting, may have different effects on mycotoxins, and high temperatures have proven to be very effective in the reduction of mycotoxins. In this work, two different roasting methods-traditional static hot air roasting and infra-red rays roasting-were applied and compared for the detoxification of hazelnuts from Italy and Turkey...
February 21, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230767/an-adaptive-multi-sensor-data-fusion-method-based-on-deep-convolutional-neural-networks-for-fault-diagnosis-of-planetary-gearbox
#20
Luyang Jing, Taiyong Wang, Ming Zhao, Peng Wang
A fault diagnosis approach based on multi-sensor data fusion is a promising tool to deal with complicated damage detection problems of mechanical systems. Nevertheless, this approach suffers from two challenges, which are (1) the feature extraction from various types of sensory data and (2) the selection of a suitable fusion level. It is usually difficult to choose an optimal feature or fusion level for a specific fault diagnosis task, and extensive domain expertise and human labor are also highly required during these selections...
February 21, 2017: Sensors
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