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Guideline for hepatocellular carcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989699/the-status-of-transarterial-chemoembolization-treatment-in-the-era-of-precision-oncology
#1
REVIEW
Valerie Fako, Xin Wei Wang
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the gold standard of therapy for patients with unresectable intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and is also commonly used as postresection adjuvant therapy in Asia. The delivery of TACE is highly variable from center to center, and clinical decision making for patients is based primarily on tumor staging guidelines, with very little focus on individualized tumor features. This review will discuss recent efforts for improving patient outcomes with TACE treatment through personalized medicine advances, including ongoing clinical trials investigating the combination of targeted therapy with TACE and the discovery of prognostic biomarkers for predicting TACE response...
April 2017: Hepatic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989095/risk-factors-and-prevention-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#2
REVIEW
Naoto Fujiwara, Scott L Friedman, Nicolas Goossens, Yujin Hoshida
Chronic fibrotic liver disease caused by viral or metabolic etiologies is a high-risk condition for developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Even after complete HCC tumor resection or ablation, the carcinogenic tissue microenvironment in the remnant liver can give rise to recurrent de novo HCC tumors, which progress into incurable, advanced-stage disease in the majority of patients. Thus, early detection and prevention of HCC development is, in principle, the most impactful strategy to improve patient prognosis...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989094/impact-of-time-to-surgery-in-the-outcome-of-patients-with-liver-resection-for-bclc-0-a-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Chetana Lim, Prashant Bhangui, Chady Salloum, Concepción Gómez Gavara, Eylon Lahat, Alain Luciani, Philippe Compagnon, Julien Calderaro, Cyrille Feray, Daniel Azoulay
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) guidelines recommend resection for very early and early single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. It is not known whether a delay in resection from the time of diagnosis (the time-to-surgery (TTS), i.e., the elapsed time from diagnosis to surgery) affects outcomes. We aim to evaluate the impact of TTS on the recurrence and survival outcomes. METHODS: All patients resected for BCLC stage 0-A single HCC from 2006 to 2016 were studied to evaluate the impact of TTS on recurrence rate, recurrence-free survival (RFS), transplantability following recurrence, and intention-to-treat overall survival (ITT-OS)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981737/management-strategies-to-minimize-mortality-in-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
Shintaro Yamazaki, Tadatoshi Takayama
The precise assessment of both tumor factor and the liver function is of a crucial value the surgical treatment with the greatest guarantee of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as the balance between the operative procedure and the remnant liver function is the most important concern in patients with chronic liver disease. The mortality rate in liver resection has decreased significantly worldwide, according to various surgical criteria for liver resection. Among countries where HCC is prevalent Japan is a leading country in doing liver resection...
October 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975836/surgical-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Daniel Zamora-Valdes, Timucin Taner, David M Nagorney
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer-related death worldwide. In select patients, surgical treatment in the form of either resection or transplantation offers a curative option. The aims of this review are to (1) review the current American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases/European Association for the Study of the Liver guidelines on the surgical management of HCC and (2) review the proposed changes to these guidelines and analyze the strength of evidence underlying these proposals...
July 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970709/comparison-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-with-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-for-the-diagnosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Sandeep Moudgil, Naveen Kalra, Nidhi Prabhakar, Radha Krishan Dhiman, Arunanshu Behera, Yogesh Kumar Chawla, Niranjan Khandelwal
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The most common primary malignant tumor of liver is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The highest risk of developing HCC is seen in patients of cirrhosis. Ultrasound is used for surveillance in these patients. This study evaluates the role of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the diagnosis of HCC and compares CEUS to contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 22 patients with cirrhosis and suspected to have HCC on the basis of gray scale ultrasound or elevated Alpha-fetoprotein...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954003/adherence-to-bclc-recommendations-for-the-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-impact-on-survival-according-to-stage
#7
Luciana Kikuchi, Aline Lopes Chagas, Regiane S S M Alencar, Claudia Tani, Marcio A Diniz, Luiz A C D'Albuquerque, Flair José Carrilho
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the adherence of newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma patients to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer system treatment guidelines and to examine the impact of adherence on the survival of patients in different stages of the disease. METHODS: This study included all patients referred for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma between 2010 and 2012. Patients (n=364) were classified according to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer guidelines...
August 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936543/us-li-rads-ultrasound-liver-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-for-screening-and-surveillance-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Tara A Morgan, Katherine E Maturen, Nirvikar Dahiya, Maryellen R M Sun, Aya Kamaya
Ultrasound is the most widely used imaging tool for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) screening and surveillance. Until now, this method has lacked standardized guidelines for interpretation, reporting, and management recommendations [1-5]. To address this need, the American College of Radiology (ACR) has developed the Ultrasound Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (US LI-RADS) algorithm. The proposed algorithm has two components: detection scores and visualization scores. The detection score guides management and has three categories: US-1 Negative, US-2 Subthreshold, and US-3 Positive...
September 21, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935451/short-term-outcomes-following-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-within-and-beyond-the-bclc-guidelines-a-prospective-study
#9
Chetana Lim, Chady Salloum, Michael Osseis, Eylon Lahat, Concepción Gómez-Gavara, Philippe Compagnon, Alain Luciani, Cyrille Feray, Daniel Azoulay
BACKGROUND: Western guidelines recommend resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in so-called ideal cirrhotic patients with a Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage 0-A tumour. This study compares short-term outcomes following resection between patients defined as ideal and nonideal according to the BCLC guidelines. METHODS: This prospective single-centre open study (ClinicalTrials.govNCT02145013) included all cirrhotic patients with HCC referred for resection from 2014 to 2016...
September 19, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930859/p16-methylation-was-associated-with-the-development-age-hepatic-viruses-infection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-p16-expression-had-a-poor-survival-a-systematic-meta-analysis-prisma
#10
REVIEW
Xueyou Lv, Guoliang Ye, Xinjun Zhang, Tao Huang
BACKGROUND: Loss of tumor suppressor gene p16 expression via promoter methylation has been reported in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the correlation between p16 methylation and HCC. Additionally, we also analyzed the potential prognostic role of p16 methylation, expression or alteration-associated HCC. METHODS: Online databases based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline were performed to analyze the role of p16 gene in HCC...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904327/the-clinical-management-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-worldwide-a-concise-review-and-comparison-of-current-guidelines-from-2001-to-2017
#11
Peipei Song, Yulong Cai, Haowen Tang, Chuan Li, Jiwei Huang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. In this review, we made a review on current guidelines published from January 2001 to June 2017 worldwide with a focus on the clinical management of HCC. The electronic databases MEDLINE, the Chinese SinoMed, and the Japanese CiNii were systematically searched. A total of 18 characteristic guidelines for HCC management were finally included, including 8 guidelines from Asia, 5 from Europe, and 5 from the United States of America (USA)...
2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894793/infiltrative-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-tumor-thrombosis-treated-with-a-single-high-dose-y90-radioembolization-and-subsequent-liver-transplantation-without-a-recurrence
#12
Meaghan S Dendy, Juan C Camacho, Johannes M Ludwig, Alyssa M Krasinskas, Stuart J Knechtle, Hyun S Kim
BACKGROUND: Infiltrative hepatocellular carcinoma with macrovascular invasion is a relatively rare presentation and usually fatal disease. METHODS: Both patients exceeded Milan and University of California-San Francisco (UCSF) criteria, and per Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer group guidelines, they were enrolled in a prospective open-label radioembolization phase II trial that gave them optimized lobar doses of Yttrium-90 as solely the first-line therapy without concomitant or additional pharmacological or locoregional therapies...
September 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873509/can-more-aggressive-treatment-improve-prognosis-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-direct-comparison-of-the-hong-kong-liver-cancer-and-barcelona-clinic-liver-cancer-algorithms
#13
Young-Sun Lee, Yeon Seok Seo, Ji Hoon Kim, Juneyoung Lee, Hae Rim Kim, Yang Jae Yoo, Tae Suk Kim, Seong Hee Kang, Sang Jun Suh, Moon Kyung Joo, Young Kul Jung, Beom Jae Lee, Hyung Joon Yim, Jong Eun Yeon, Jae Seon Kim, Jong-Jae Park, Soon Ho Um, Young-Tae Bak, Kwan Soo Byun
Background/Aims: In addition to the globally endorsed Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system, other algorithms or staging systems have been developed, including the Hong Kong Liver Cancer (HKLC) staging system. This study aimed to validate the HKLC staging system relative to the BCLC staging system for predicting survival for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients in Korea. Methods: From 2004 to 2013, 2,571 patients newly diagnosed with HCC were consecutively enrolled at three Korea University medical centers...
September 7, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870660/role-of-age-and-race-in-the-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-veterans-with-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#14
Sahil Mittal, Jennifer R Kramer, Ronald Omino, Maneerat Chayanupatkul, Peter A Richardson, Hashem B El-Serag, Fasiha Kanwal
BACKGROUND: & Aims: Hepatocellular (HCC) surveillance guidelines for patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are based on race- and age-specific estimates of HCC risk, derived from studies conducted in areas in which HBV is endemic. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the national Veterans Administration data to identify patients with chronic HBV infection from 2001 through 2013. We examined the effect of race and age on HCC risk while adjusting for baseline clinical characteristics...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857896/viral-hepatitis-screening-in-transgender-patients-undergoing-gender-identity-hormonal-therapy
#15
Neeraj Mangla, Rifat Mamun, Ilan S Weisberg
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Viral hepatitis is a global health issue and can lead to cirrhosis, liver failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Guidelines for viral hepatitis screening in the transgender population do not exist. Transgender patients may be at higher risk for contracting viral hepatitis due to socioeconomic and behavioral factors. The aim of this study was to measure the quality of screening, prevalence, and susceptibility of viral hepatitis, and to identify barriers to screening in transgender patients undergoing gender identity hormonal therapy...
November 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856290/recommendations-for-the-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-in-2017
#16
REVIEW
Waldemar Halota, Robert Flisiak, Jacek Juszczyk, Piotr Małkowski, Małgorzata Pawłowska, Krzysztof Simon, Krzysztof Tomasiewicz
The goals of treatment is to eliminate HCV infection, stop or reverse histological changes, reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma development and transmission of the infection to other individuals. According to the recommendation of the Polish Group of Experts for HCV in 2017 all patients with chronic HCV infection should receive treatment, but it is not recommended in patients at high risk of short overall survival. If access to therapy is restricted, priority should be given to patients whose HCV infection can lead to an unfavourable outcome of the disease within a short time frame, particular to individuals with liver cirrhosis, rapidly progressing liver fibrosis, extrahepatic manifestations of HCV infection, chronic kidney diseases, patients before and after organ transplantation...
June 2017: Clin Exp Hepatol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856289/recommendations-for-the-treatment-of-hepatitis-b-in-2017
#17
REVIEW
Robert Flisiak, Waldemar Halota, Jerzy Jaroszewicz, Jacek Juszczyk, Piotr Małkowski, Małgorzata Pawłowska, Anna Piekarska, Krzysztof Simon, Krzysztof Tomasiewicz, Marta Wawrzynowicz-Syczewska
The therapeutic goal which is currently unfrequent but realistic in HBV infected patients is sustained HBsAg clearance. It is preceded by the loss or significant suppression of HBV replication and leads to inhibition of the progression of liver fibrosis, normalization of biochemical indicators of liver damage, reduction in the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, prolongation of survival, prevention of HBV infection in the transplanted organ in post-transplant patients, enhancement of the quality of life, inhibition or reversal of extrahepatic changes associated with HBV infection, and halting of the spread of HBV infections...
June 2017: Clin Exp Hepatol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853801/-hepatitis-b-new-guidelines-of-disease-management
#18
Konstantinos Gkouvatsos, Nicolas Goossens, Laurent Spahr, Francesco Negro
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health concern associated with major clinical complications, notably chronic liver disease that can progress with time to cirrhosis or even to hepatocellular carcinoma. The management of HBV-infected patients is complex and requires the close collaboration between the general practitioner and the specialist. This review presents an overview of recently published guidelines, from the European Association for the Study of the Liver, and suggests strategies for initial management and referral of HBV-infected patients for the general practitioner...
August 30, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844936/toronto-hcc-risk-index-a-validated-scoring-system-to-predict-10-year-risk-of-hcc-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#19
Suraj A Sharma, Matthew Kowgier, Bettina E Hansen, Willem Pieter Brouwer, Raoel Maan, David Wong, Hemant Shah, Korosh Khalili, Colina Yim, E Jenny Heathcote, Harry L A Janssen, Morris Sherman, Gideon M Hirschfield, Jordan J Feld
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Current guidelines recommend biannual surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in all patients with cirrhosis, regardless of etiology. However, HCC incidence is not well established for many causes of cirrhosis. We aimed to assess the disease-specific incidence of HCC in a large cohort of patients with cirrhosis and to develop a scoring system to predict HCC risk. METHODS: A derivation cohort of patients with cirrhosis diagnosed by biopsy or non-invasive measures was identified through retrospective chart review...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839428/from-diagnosis-to-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-epidemic-problem-for-both-developed-and-developing-world
#20
REVIEW
Dimitrios Dimitroulis, Christos Damaskos, Serena Valsami, Spyridon Davakis, Nikolaos Garmpis, Eleftherios Spartalis, Antonios Athanasiou, Demetrios Moris, Stratigoula Sakellariou, Stylianos Kykalos, Gerasimos Tsourouflis, Anna Garmpi, Ioanna Delladetsima, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Gregory Kouraklis
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most frequent primary liver malignancy and the third cause of cancer-related death in the Western Countries. The well-established causes of HCC are chronic liver infections such as hepatitis B virus or chronic hepatitis C virus, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, consumption of aflatoxins and tobacco smocking. Clinical presentation varies widely; patients can be asymptomatic while symptomatology extends from right upper abdominal quadrant paint and weight loss to obstructive jaundice and lethargy...
August 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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