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Remote Presence

Jingxin Zhang, Eike Langbehn, Dennis Krupke, Nicholas Katzakis, Frank Steinicke
Telepresence systems have the potential to overcome limits and distance constraints of the real-world by enabling people to remotely visit and interact with each other. However, current telepresence systems usually lack natural ways of supporting interaction and exploration of remote environments (REs). In particular, single webcams for capturing the RE provide only a limited illusion of spatial presence, and movement control of mobile platforms in today's telepresence systems are often restricted to simple interaction devices...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
P Marega, E A Liberti, J J S Freitas, K S Kietzer
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility is common in patients with cancer. There are a few studies about the myenteric plexus in the presence of anatomically remote tumors. METHODS: Forty-eight male Wistar rats were divided into a control (CT) or Walker-256 (TW) group. Tumor cells were subcutaneously injected and saline was injected in the CT group. After 14 days, the small and large intestines were removed for histochemical analysis. The macroscopic morphology of the intestines and the fecal excretion were also observed...
March 15, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Chunyan Wang, Haobo Li, Sheng Wang, Xiaowen Mao, Dan Yan, Stanley S Wong, Zhengyuan Xia, Michael G Irwin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Protein kinase C(PKC)-ε activation is a mechanism of preconditioning cardioprotection but its role in repeated non-invasive limb ischemic preconditioning (rNLIP) mediated cardioprotection against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in diabetes is unknown. METHODS: Eight-week streptozotocin-induced diabetic and non-diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to I/R without or with rNLIP. In vitro, H9C2 cells were cultured with high glucose (HG) and subjected to hypoxia/re-oxygenation (H/R) without or with PKC-ε or STAT3 gene knock-down in the absence or presence of remote time hypoxia preconditioning (HPC)...
March 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Dana K Briscoe, Sabrina Fossette, Kylie L Scales, Elliott L Hazen, Steven J Bograd, Sara M Maxwell, Elizabeth A McHuron, Patrick W Robinson, Carey Kuhn, Daniel P Costa, Larry B Crowder, Rebecca L Lewison
Characterizing habitat suitability for a marine predator requires an understanding of the environmental heterogeneity and variability over the range in which a population moves during a particular life cycle. Female California sea lions ( Zalophus californianus ) are central-place foragers and are particularly constrained while provisioning their young. During this time, habitat selection is a function of prey availability and proximity to the rookery, which has important implications for reproductive and population success...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Guangming Wang, Jinlu Yu
INTRODUCTION: Chronic subdural hematoma(CSDH) can be treated by a relatively simple burr hole surgery. Acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) occurring after surgery for CSDH has been reported as a rare but severe complication. CASE REPORT: An 88-year-old female complained of progressive headache and dizziness for one month. A right fronto-temporo-parietal CSDH with a shift in the midline structures and lateral ventricle compression was shown by computed tomography (CT) scans...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Xin-Jun Du, Yu-Xuan Zang, Hai-Bin Liu, Ping Li, Shuo Wang
Listeria monocytogenes is an important food-borne pathogenic bacterium that causes human disease, resulting in economic losses worldwide. The current detection methods for L. monocytogenes are not well suited for direct field testing because they involve complicated, time-consuming operations. A simple, efficient method is vital for L. monocytogenes detection. In this study, we combined isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) with a lateral flow (LF) strip to rapidly and reliably detect L. monocytogenes...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Chi Yun Doreen Ho, Zhichao Wu, Andrew Turpin, David J Lawson, Chi D Luu, Allison M McKendrick, Robyn H Guymer
Purpose: To determine the feasibility of a tablet-based application to detect changes in retinal sensitivity and correlations with underlying pathology in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) eyes undergoing treatment and in at-risk fellow eyes. Method: Participants with nAMD in at least one eye were recruited, examined, and imaged using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Retinal sensitivity was measured within the central 5° at 12 locations using a customized test delivered on an iPad...
March 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Joshua L Bandfield, Michael J Poston, Rachel L Klima, Christopher S Edwards
Remote sensing data from lunar orbiters have revealed spectral features consistent with the presence of OH or H2 O on the lunar surface. Analyses of data from the Moon Mineralogy Mapper spectrometer onboard the Chandryaan-1 spacecraft have suggested that OH/H2 O is recycled on diurnal timescales and persists only at high latitudes. However, the spatial distribution and temporal variability of the OH/H2 O, as well as its source, remain uncertain. Here we incorporate a physics-based thermal correction into analysis of reflectance spectra from the Moon Mineralogy Mapper and find that prominent absorption features consistent with OH/H2 O can be present at all latitudes, local times, and surface types examined...
2018: Nature Geoscience
Chiara Ionio, Gianluca Lista, Eleonora Mascheroni, Maria Giulia Olivari, Emanuela Confalonieri, Massimo Mastrangelo, Valeria Brazzoduro, Maria Antonella Balestriero, Annamaria Banfi, Andrea Bonanomi, Stefania Bova, Francesca Castoldi, Caterina Colombo, Paola Introvini, Barbara Scelsa
AIM: This paper aims to investigate if the dyadic interactive behaviours were influenced by parental stress and feelings both in preterm and full-term mother-child dyads. METHODS: 45 mothers (age = 35.29 ± 5.38) and fathers (age = 36.77 ± 6.89) of preterm infants (GA = 30.25 ± 2.95; BW = 1288.02 ± 488.76), and 36 mothers (age = 32.60 ± 4.56) and fathers (age = 35.54 ± 5.16) of full-term (GA = 39.88 ± 1.38; BW = 3156.39 ± 493...
November 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Melisa Del Barrio, Matteo Sensi, Christophe Orain, Carole Baffert, Sébastien Dementin, Vincent Fourmond, Christophe Léger
Many enzymes that produce or transform small molecules such as O2 , H2 , and CO2 embed inorganic cofactors based on transition metals. Their active site, where the chemical reaction occurs, is buried in and protected by the protein matrix, and connected to the solvent in several ways: chains of redox cofactors mediate long-range electron transfer; static or dynamic tunnels guide the substrate, product and inhibitors; amino acids and water molecules transfer protons. The catalytic mechanism of these enzymes is therefore delocalized over the protein and involves many different steps, some of which determine the response of the enzyme under conditions of stress (extreme redox conditions, presence of inhibitors, light), the catalytic rates in the two directions of the reaction and their ratio (the "catalytic bias")...
March 8, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Anny Peralta-García, Andrea J Adams, Cheryl J Briggs, Patricia Galina-Tessaro, Jorge H Valdez-Villavicencio, Bradford D Hollingsworth, H Bradley Shaffer, Robert N Fisher
Chytridiomycosis is caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and is regarded as one of the most significant threats to global amphibian populations. In México, Bd was first reported in 2003 and has now been documented in 13 states. We visited 33 localities and swabbed 199 wild-caught anurans from 7 species (5 native, 2 exotic) across the Mediterranean region of the state of Baja California. Using quantitative PCR, Bd was detected in 94 individuals (47.2% of samples) at 25 of the 33 survey localities for 5 native and 1 exotic frog species...
March 5, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Amanda Hemmerich, Mohanad Shaar, Rebecca Burbridge, Cynthia D Guy, Shannon J McCall, Diana M Cardona, Xuchen Zhang, Jinping Lai, Xuefeng Zhang
Background: The stomach is an uncommon site for metastatic carcinoma. Approximately 6% of renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) may metastasize to the stomach. The majority of the reported metastatic RCCs in the stomach presented as large masses or ulcers greater than a centimeter in size. It is very rare to encounter metastatic RCC as a solitary small polypoid gastric mucosal lesion. Methods: In this study, we collected surgical pathology cases of gastric metastasis from RCC that measured 1...
February 2018: Gastroenterology Research
Neal A Chatterjee, E Kevin Heist
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an important therapeutic tool in the management of patients with heart failure and electrical dyssynchrony. In appropriately selected patients, landmark randomized controlled trials have demonstrated morbidity and mortality benefit beyond standard goal-directed medical therapy. Current guidelines emphasize the greatest clinical efficacy of CRT in patients with symptomatic heart failure, left bundle branch block, and wide QRS duration (> 150 ms). Other relevant considerations include the presence of atrial fibrillation, the presence of AV block, the etiology of cardiomyopathy, the presence of masked left-sided conduction delay, and the impact of comorbidities that might predict poor clinical response...
March 6, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Thomas A W Bolton, Delphine Jochaut, Anne-Lise Giraud, Dimitri Van De Ville
To refine our understanding of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), studies of the brain in dynamic, multimodal and ecological experimental settings are required. One way to achieve this is to compare the neural responses of ASD and typically developing (TD) individuals when viewing a naturalistic movie, but the temporal complexity of the stimulus hampers this task, and the presence of intrinsic functional connectivity (FC) may overshadow movie-driven fluctuations. Here, we detected inter-subject functional correlation (ISFC) transients to disentangle movie-induced functional changes from underlying resting-state activity while probing FC dynamically...
March 5, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
Celia Herrera-Rincon, Michael Levin
A recent study in Xenopus laevis embryos showed that the very early brain has important functions long before behavior. While the nascent brain is being constructed, it is required for normal patterning of the muscle and peripheral nerve networks, including those far away from the head. In addition to providing important developmental signals to remote tissues in normal embryogenesis, its presence is also able to render harmless exposure to specific chemicals that normally act as teratogens. These activities of the early brain can be partially compensated for in a brainless embryo by experimental modulation of neurotransmitter and ion channel signaling...
2018: Communicative & Integrative Biology
Francisco Cellone, Luigi Tosi, Eleonora Carol
Drinking-water supply is one of the main issues that populations face in many coastlands. Shallow coastal aquifers are often characterized by the presence of lens-shaped freshwater floating on the saline groundwater plume of marine origin. These groundwater lenses are commonly associated with landforms, such as littoral ridges and dunes and in many cases they represent the main source of water supply in remote coastal areas. At the right side of the middle Río de la Plata estuary (Argentina) the aquifer system is generally saline...
February 23, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Claudia Melissa Muñoz-Villagrán, Katterinne N Mendez, Fabian Cornejo, Maximiliano Figueroa, Agustina Undabarrena, Eduardo Hugo Morales, Mauricio Arenas-Salinas, Felipe Alejandro Arenas, Eduardo Castro-Nallar, Claudio Christian Vásquez
The Psychrobacter genus is a cosmopolitan and diverse group of aerobic, cold-adapted, Gram-negative bacteria exhibiting biotechnological potential for low-temperature applications including bioremediation. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of a bacterium from the Psychrobacter genus isolated from a sediment sample from King George Island, Antarctica (3,490,622 bp; 18 scaffolds; G + C = 42.76%). Using phylogenetic analysis, biochemical properties and scanning electron microscopy the bacterium was identified as Psychrobacter glacincola BNF20, making it the first genome sequence reported for this species...
2018: PeerJ
Julie G Zaehringer, Grace Wambugu, Boniface Kiteme, Sandra Eckert
Africa has been heavily targeted by large-scale agricultural investments (LAIs) throughout the last decade, with scarcely known impacts on local social-ecological systems. In Kenya, a large number of LAIs were made in the region northwest of Mount Kenya. These large-scale farms produce vegetables and flowers mainly for European markets. However, land use in the region remains dominated by small-scale crop and livestock farms with less than 1 ha of land each, who produce both for their own subsistence and for the local markets...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Lisette J M E van der Does, Paul Knops, Christophe P Teuwen, Corina Serban, Roeliene Starreveld, Eva A H Lanters, Elisabeth M J P Mouws, Charles Kik, Ad J J C Bogers, Natasja M S de Groot
BACKGROUND: Endo-epicardial asynchrony (EEA) and the interplay between these layers could be important in the pathophysiology of atrial arrhythmias. The morphological differences between epicardial and endocardial atrial electrograms have not been described so far and electrogram morphology may hold information about the presence of EEA. OBJECTIVE: This study directly compared epicardial to endocardial unipolar electrogram morphology during sinus rhythm (SR) and evaluated whether EEA contributes to electrogram fractionation by correlating fractionation to spatial activation patterns...
February 21, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Marc W Van Goethem, Rian Pierneef, Oliver K I Bezuidt, Yves Van De Peer, Don A Cowan, Thulani P Makhalanyane
BACKGROUND: Soil bacteria naturally produce antibiotics as a competitive mechanism, with a concomitant evolution, and exchange by horizontal gene transfer, of a range of antibiotic resistance mechanisms. Surveys of bacterial resistance elements in edaphic systems have originated primarily from human-impacted environments, with relatively little information from remote and pristine environments, where the resistome may comprise the ancestral gene diversity. METHODS: We used shotgun metagenomics to assess antibiotic resistance gene (ARG) distribution in 17 pristine and remote Antarctic surface soils within the undisturbed Mackay Glacier region...
February 23, 2018: Microbiome
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