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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722152/pilot-of-the-boost-a%C3%A2-an-online-transition-planning-program-for-adolescents-with-autism
#1
Megan Hatfield, Nina Murray, Marina Ciccarelli, Torbjörn Falkmer, Marita Falkmer
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents with autism face difficulties with the transition from high school into post-school activities. The Better OutcOmes & Successful Transitions for Autism (BOOST-A™) is an online transition planning program which supports adolescents on the autism spectrum to prepare for leaving school. This study describes the development of the BOOST-A™ and aimed to determine the feasibility and viability of the program. METHODS: Two pilot studies were conducted...
July 19, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720917/exploring-electronic-communication-modes-between-iraqi-faculty-and-students-of-pharmacy-schools-using-the-technology-acceptance-model
#2
Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili, Mohammed D Al-Rekabi, Oday S Alsawad, Omer Q B Allela, Ryan Carnahan, Hiwa Saaed, Alaadin Naqishbandi, Dheyaa J Kadhim, Bernard Sorofman
Objective. To explore for the first time the extent to which Iraqi pharmacy students and faculty use Facebook and university email for academic communications, and to examine factors influencing utilization within the framework of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Methods. An electronic survey was administered to convenience samples of students and faculty of six Iraqi public schools and colleges of pharmacy in 2015. Results. Responses included 489 student and 128 faculty usable surveys. Both students and faculty use Facebook more than university email for academic communications...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720557/comparing-mobile-health-strategies-to-improve-medication-adherence-for-veterans-with-coronary-heart-disease-mobile4meds-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Linda G Park, Eileen G Collins, Janet K Shim, Mary A Whooley
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antiplatelet medications is critical to prevent life threatening complications (ie, stent thrombosis) after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), yet rates of nonadherence range from 21-57% by 12 months. Mobile interventions delivered via text messaging or mobile apps represent a practical and inexpensive strategy to promote behavior change and enhance medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: The Mobile4Meds study seeks to determine whether text messaging or a mobile app, compared with an educational website control provided to all Veterans, can improve adherence to antiplatelet therapy among patients following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or PCI...
July 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720516/ahrq-series-on-complex-intervention-systematic-reviews-paper-6-prisma-ci-extension-statement-checklist
#4
Jeanne-Marie Guise, Mary E Butler, Christine Chang, Meera Viswanathan, Terri Pigott, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Complex interventions are widely used in health systems, public health, education, and communities and are increasingly the subject of systematic reviews. Oversimplification and inconsistencies in reporting about complex interventions can limit the usability of review findings. RATIONALE: While guidance exists to ensure that reports of individual studies and systematic reviews adhere to accepted scientific standards, their design-specific focus leaves important reporting gaps relative to complex interventions in health care...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720438/on-the-utility-of-3d-hand-cursors-to-explore-medical-volume-datasets-with-a-touchless-interface
#5
Daniel Simões Lopes, Pedro Duarte de Figueiredo Parreira, Soraia Figueiredo Paulo, Vitor Nunes, Paulo Amaral Rego, Manuel Cassiano Neves, Pedro Silva Rodrigues, Joaquim Armando Jorge
Analyzing medical volume datasets requires interactive visualization so that users can extract anatomo-physiological information in real-time. Conventional volume rendering systems rely on 2D input devices, such as mice and keyboards, which are known to hamper 3D analysis as users often struggle to obtain the desired orientation that is only achieved after several attempts. In this paper, we address which 3D analysis tools are better performed with 3D hand cursors operating on a touchless interface comparatively to a 2D input devices running on a conventional WIMP interface...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720181/computerized-tests-of-team-performance-and-crew-coordination-suitable-for-military-aviation-settings
#6
Ben D Lawson, Thomas W Britt, Amanda M Kelley, Jeremy R Athy, Shauna M Legan
INTRODUCTION: The coordination of team effort on shared tasks is an area of inquiry. A number of tests of team performance in challenging environments have been developed without comparison or standardization. This article provides a systematic review of the most accessible and usable low-to-medium fidelity computerized tests of team performance and determines which are most applicable to military- and aviation-relevant research, such as studies of group command, control, communication, and crew coordination...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716648/applications-of-high-speed-atomic-force-microscopy-to-real-time-visualization-of-dynamic-biomolecular-processes
#7
REVIEW
Takayuki Uchihashi, Simon Scheuring
BACKGROUND: Many biological processes in a living cell are consequences of sequential and hierarchical dynamic events of biological macromolecules such as molecular interactions and conformational changes. Hence, knowledge of structures, assembly and dynamics of proteins is the foundation for understanding how biological molecules work. Among several techniques to analyze dynamics of proteins, high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) is unique to provide direct information about both structure and dynamics of single proteins at work...
July 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716385/protein-lipograms
#8
Jason Laurie, Amit K Chattopadhyay, Darren R Flower
Linguistic analysis of protein sequences is an underexploited technique. Here, we capitalize on the concept of the lipogram to characterize sequences at the proteome levels. A lipogram is a literary composition which omits one or more letters. A protein lipogram likewise omits one or more types of amino acid. In this article, we establish a usable terminology for the decomposition of a sequence collection in terms of the lipogram. Next, we characterize Uniref50 using a lipogram decomposition. At the global level, protein lipograms exhibit power-law properties...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716376/improving-the-safety-of-health-information-technology-requires-shared-responsibility-it-is-time-we-all-step-up
#9
Dean F Sittig, Elisabeth Belmont, Hardeep Singh
In 2011, an Institute of Medicine report on health information technology (IT) and patient safety highlighted that building health-IT for safer use is a shared responsibility between key stakeholders including: "vendors, care providers, healthcare organizations, health-IT departments, and public and private agencies". Use of electronic health records (EHRs) involves all these stakeholders, but they often have conflicting priorities and requirements. Since 2011, the concept of shared responsibility has gained little traction and EHR developers and users continue to attribute the substantial, long list of problems to each other...
July 14, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714112/wearables-in-epilepsy-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-focus-group-study
#10
A Ozanne, D Johansson, U Hällgren Graneheim, K Malmgren, F Bergquist, M Alt Murphy
OBJECTIVES: Wearable sensors that measure movement and physiological variables are attractive for clinical evaluation of neurological diseases such as epilepsy and Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to explore perceptions regarding the use of wearable technology in disease monitoring and management as reported by individuals with epilepsy and Parkinson's disease as well as health professionals working with these patient groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patient groups (n=25) and two groups with health professionals (n=15) participated in this qualitative, descriptive study with focus group interviews...
July 16, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710774/ucsf-chimerax-meeting-modern-challenges-in-visualization-and-analysis
#11
Thomas D Goddard, Conrad C Huang, Elaine C Meng, Eric F Pettersen, Gregory S Couch, John H Morris, Thomas E Ferrin
UCSF ChimeraX is next-generation software for the visualization and analysis of molecular structures, density maps, 3D microscopy, and associated data. It addresses challenges in the size, scope, and disparate types of data attendant with cutting-edge experimental methods, while providing advanced options for high-quality rendering (interactive ambient occlusion, reliable molecular surface calculations, etc.) and professional approaches to software design and distribution. This paper highlights some specific advances in the areas of visualization and usability, performance, and extensibility...
July 14, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710091/intimal-hyperplasia-stenosis-and-arteriovenous-fistula-maturation-failure-in-the-hemodialysis-fistula-maturation-study
#12
Alfred K Cheung, Peter B Imrey, Charles E Alpers, Michelle L Robbin, Milena Radeva, Brett Larive, Yan-Ting Shiu, Michael Allon, Laura M Dember, Tom Greene, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Prabir Roy-Chaudhury, Christi M Terry, Miguel A Vazquez, John W Kusek, Harold I Feldman
Intimal hyperplasia and stenosis are often cited as causes of arteriovenous fistula maturation failure, but definitive evidence is lacking. We examined the associations among preexisting venous intimal hyperplasia, fistula venous stenosis after creation, and clinical maturation failure. The Hemodialysis Fistula Maturation Study prospectively observed 602 men and women through arteriovenous fistula creation surgery and their postoperative course. A segment of the vein used to create the fistula was collected intraoperatively for histomorphometric examination...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709453/validation-of-multisource-electronic-health-record-data-an-application-to-blood-transfusion-data
#13
Loan R van Hoeven, Martine C de Bruijne, Peter F Kemper, Maria M W Koopman, Jan M M Rondeel, Anja Leyte, Hendrik Koffijberg, Mart P Janssen, Kit C B Roes
BACKGROUND: Although data from electronic health records (EHR) are often used for research purposes, systematic validation of these data prior to their use is not standard practice. Existing validation frameworks discuss validity concepts without translating these into practical implementation steps or addressing the potential influence of linking multiple sources. Therefore we developed a practical approach for validating routinely collected data from multiple sources and to apply it to a blood transfusion data warehouse to evaluate the usability in practice...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709408/erratum-to-screening-for-chronic-kidney-disease-of-uncertain-aetiology-in-sri-lanka-usability-of-surrogate-biomarkers-over-dipstick-proteinuria
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708990/electroporation-by-concentric-type-needle-electrodes-and-arrays
#15
Yi Kung, Alexey Lihachev, Saulius Šatkauskas, Keng-Li Lan, Wen-Shiang Chen
The efficacy of genomic medicine depends on gene transfer efficiency. In this area, electroporation has been found to be a highly promising method for physical gene transfer. However, electroporation raises issues related to electrical safety, tissue damage, and the number of required wounds. Concentric-type needle electrodes seek to address these issues by using a lower bias (10V), a single wound, fewer processing steps, and a smaller working area (≈10mm(3)), thus offering greater accuracy and precision...
July 8, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708112/a-pulse-rate-detection-method-for-mouse-application-based-on-multi-ppg-sensors
#16
Shu-Tyng Lin, Wei-Hao Chen, Yuan-Hsiang Lin
Heart rate is an important physiological parameter for healthcare. Among measurement methods, photoplethysmography (PPG) is an easy and convenient method for pulse rate detection. However, as the PPG signal faces the challenge of motion artifacts and is constrained by the position chosen, the purpose of this paper is to implement a comfortable and easy-to-use multi-PPG sensor module combined with a stable and accurate real-time pulse rate detection method on a computer mouse. A weighted average method for multi-PPG sensors is used to adjust the weight of each signal channel in order to raise the accuracy and stability of the detected signal, therefore reducing the disturbance of noise under the environment of moving effectively and efficiently...
July 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708012/how-do-patients-perceive-the-british-orthodontic-society-online-information-resource-about-orthognathic-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#17
Jennifer Kettle, Zoe Marshman, Philip E Benson, Caroline McCarthy, Gurpreet Pye, Jonathan Sandler, Lindsay Winchester, Andrew Flett
OBJECTIVES: To explore the accessibility, usability and relevance of the British Orthodontic Society (BOS) online information resource (OIR), Your Jaw Surgery. DESIGN: Qualitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: 5 UK sites. PARTICIPANTS: Patients before, during and after treatment for non-cleft skeletal discrepancy. METHODS: Patients were identified at joint clinics and recruited after having time to view the OIR...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707932/1-5%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-lasers-with-sub-10%C3%A2-mhz-linewidth
#18
D G Matei, T Legero, S Häfner, C Grebing, R Weyrich, W Zhang, L Sonderhouse, J M Robinson, J Ye, F Riehle, U Sterr
We report on two ultrastable lasers each stabilized to independent silicon Fabry-Pérot cavities operated at 124 K. The fractional frequency instability of each laser is completely determined by the fundamental thermal Brownian noise of the mirror coatings with a flicker noise floor of 4×10^{-17} for integration times between 0.8 s and a few tens of seconds. We rigorously treat the notorious divergences encountered with the associated flicker frequency noise and derive methods to relate this noise to observable and practically relevant linewidths and coherence times...
June 30, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707628/brainframe-a-node-level-heterogeneous-accelerator-platform-for-neuron-simulations
#19
Georgios Smaragdos, Georgios Chatzikonstantis, Rahul Kukreja, Harry Sidiropoulos, Dimitrios Rodopoulos, Ioannis Sourdis, Zaid Al-Ars, Christoforos Kachris, Dimitrios Soudris, Chris de Zeeuw, Christos Strydis
OBJECTIVE: The advent of High-Performance Computing (HPC) in recent years has led to its increasing use in brain study through computational models. The scale and complexity of such models are constantly increasing, leading to challenging computational requirements. Even though modern HPC platforms can often deal with such challenges, the vast diversity of the modeling field does not permit for a homogeneous acceleration platform to effectively address the complete array of modeling requirements...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706726/community-based-trials-of-mobile-solutions-for-the-detection-and-management-of-cognitive-decline
#20
Adele Boyd, Jonathan Synnott, Chris Nugent, David Elliott, John Kelly
This study focused on the development and usability evaluation of EnCare diagnostics (ECD) and the brain fit plan (BFP) in healthy older adults, cognitively impaired and physically impaired individuals. ECD is proposed as a novel solution to cognitive assessment based on colour selection. BFP is a novel solution to personalised cognitive stimulation. The study consisted of two trials designed to evaluate the usability of the apps. Trial 1 involved 11 healthy older adults and four older adults with physical impairments who undertook ECD and mini-mental state examination (MMSE) once per month for 4 months with only those with physical impairments also completing the BFP daily...
June 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
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