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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090438/exploring-mental-health-providers-interest-in-using-web-and-mobile-based-tools-in-their-practices
#1
Stephen M Schueller, Jason J Washburn, Matthew Price
A growing number of Internet sites and mobile applications are being developed intended for use in clinical practice. However, during the development process (e.g., creating features and determining use cases), the needs and interests of providers are often overlooked. We explored providers' interests using a mixed-methods approach incorporating both qualitative and quantitative research methods. A first study used an interview approach to identify the challenges providers faced, tools they used, and any use of computers and apps specifically...
May 2016: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088721/modeling-biosolids-drying-through-a-laminated-hydrophobic-membrane
#2
Solmaz Marzooghi, Chunjian Shi, Steven K Dentel, Paul T Imhoff
The adaptation of the membrane distillation process as a low-cost and sustainable approach to biosolids drying and stabilization is investigated, which may have application in container-based sanitation systems proposed in low-income urban regions. Three-layer laminated, breathable, hydrophobic membranes enclose the biosolids, facilitating drying but preventing transport of contaminants. The membranes used in this process are non-wetting with pore spaces that only allow vapor transport. Water vapor can be expelled due to a moderate vapor pressure gradient...
December 29, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088581/a-stepwise-algorithm-using-a-at-a-glance-first-line-test-for-the-non-invasive-diagnosis-of-advanced-liver-fibrosis-and-cirrhosis
#3
Jérôme Boursier, Victor de Ledinghen, Vincent Leroy, Rodolphe Anty, Sven Francque, Dominique Salmon, Adrien Lannes, Sandrine Bertrais, Frederic Oberti, Isabelle Fouchard-Hubert, Paul Calès
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic liver diseases (CLD) are highly frequent and thus mainly managed by non-hepatologists. Because they lack access to the best non-invasive tests of liver fibrosis, these physicians cannot accurately determine the disease severity and the need for referral to a hepatologist. We aimed to implement an algorithm, comprising a new first-line test usable by all physicians, for the detection of advanced liver fibrosis in all CLD patients. METHODS: Diagnostic study: 3,754 CLD patients with liver biopsy were 2:1 randomized into derivation and validation sets...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088527/navigation-in-the-electronic-health-record-a-review-of-the-safety-and-usability-literature
#4
REVIEW
Lisette C Roman, Jessica S Ancker, Stephen B Johnson, Yalini Senathirajah
OBJECTIVE: Inefficient navigation in electronic health records has been shown to increase users' cognitive load, which may increase potential for errors, reduce efficiency, and increase fatigue. However, navigation has received insufficient recognition and attention in the electronic health record (EHR) literature as an independent construct and contributor to overall usability. Our aims in this literature review were to (1) assess the prevalence of navigation-related topics within the EHR usability and safety research literature, (2) categorize types of navigation actions within the EHR, (3) capture relationships between these navigation actions and usability principles, and (4) collect terms and concepts related to EHR navigation...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088120/3d-architecture-of-a-graphene-comoo4-composite-for-asymmetric-supercapacitors-usable-at-various-temperatures
#5
Yaru Jiang, Xin Zheng, Xiaoqin Yan, Yong Li, Xuan Zhao, Yue Zhang
Designing and optimizing the electrode materials and studying the electrochemical performance or cycle life of the supercapacitor under different working conditions are crucial to its practical application. Herein, we proposed a rational design of 3D-graphene/CoMoO4 nanoplates by a facile two-step hydrothermal method. Owing to the high electron transfer rate of graphene and the high activity of the CoMoO4 nanoplates, the three-dimensional electrode architectures achieved remarkable electrochemical performances with high areal specific capacitance (1255...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086890/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-the-heyman-healthy-lifestyle-program-for-young-men-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Lee M Ashton, Philip J Morgan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In young men, unhealthy lifestyle behaviours can be detrimental to their physical and/or mental health and set them on a negative health trajectory into adulthood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence to guide development of effective health behaviour change interventions for young men. This study assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the 'HEYMAN' (Harnessing Ehealth to enhance Young men's Mental health, Activity and Nutrition) healthy lifestyle program for young men...
January 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086887/patients-and-physicians-perceptions-and-attitudes-about-oral-anticoagulation-and-atrial-fibrillation-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#7
Gemma Mas Dalmau, Elisenda Sant Arderiu, María Belén Enfedaque Montes, Ivan Solà, Sandra Pequeño Saco, Pablo Alonso Coello
BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulant therapy reduces the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, but many patients are still not prescribed this therapy. The causes of underuse of vitamin K antagonists oral anticoagulants are not clear but could be related, in part, to patients' and physicians' perceptions and attitudes towards the benefits and downsides of this treatment. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate and synthesize patients' and physicians' perceptions and attitudes towards the benefits and downsides of vitamin K antagonist, in order to explore potential factors related with its underuse...
January 13, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081096/pump-probe-micro-spectroscopy-by-means-of-an-ultra-fast-acousto-optics-delay-line
#8
Xavier Audier, Naveen Balla, Hervé Rigneault
We demonstrate femtosecond pump-probe transient absorption spectroscopy using a programmable dispersive filter as an ultra-fast delay line. Combined with fast synchronous detection, this delay line allows for recording of 6 ps decay traces at 34 kHz. With such acquisition speed, we perform single point pump-probe spectroscopy on bulk samples in 80 μs and hyperspectral pump-probe imaging over a field of view of 100 μm in less than a second. The usability of the method is illustrated in a showcase experiment to image and discriminate between two pigments in a mixture...
January 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079584/the-development-and-implementation-of-cognitive-aids-for-critical-events-in-pediatric-anesthesia-the-society-for-pediatric-anesthesia-critical-events-checklists
#9
Anna Clebone, Barbara K Burian, Scott C Watkins, Jorge A Gálvez, Justin L Lockman, Eugenie S Heitmiller
Cognitive aids such as checklists are commonly used in modern operating rooms for routine processes, and the use of such aids may be even more important during critical events. The Quality and Safety Committee of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA) has developed a set of critical-event checklists and cognitive aids designed for 3 purposes: (1) as a repository of the latest evidence-based and expert opinion-based information to guide response and management of critical events, (2) as a source of just-in-time information during critical events, and (3) as a method to facilitate a shared understanding of required actions among team members during a critical event...
January 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078566/an-eye-tracking-controlled-neuropsychological-battery-for-cognitive-assessment-in-neurological-diseases
#10
Barbara Poletti, Laura Carelli, Federica Solca, Annalisa Lafronza, Elisa Pedroli, Andrea Faini, Stefano Zago, Nicola Ticozzi, Andrea Ciammola, Claudia Morelli, Paolo Meriggi, Pietro Cipresso, Dorothée Lulé, Albert C Ludolph, Giuseppe Riva, Vincenzo Silani
Traditional cognitive assessment in neurological conditions involving physical disability is often prevented by the presence of verbal-motor impairment; to date, an extensive motor-verbal-free neuropsychological battery is not available for such purposes. We adapted a set of neuropsychological tests, assessing language, attentional abilities, executive functions and social cognition, for eye-tracking (ET) control, and explored its feasibility in a sample of healthy participants. Thirty healthy subjects performed a neuropsychological assessment, using an ET-based neuropsychological battery, together with standard "paper and pencil" cognitive measures for frontal (Frontal Assessment Battery-FAB) and working memory abilities (Digit Sequencing Task) and for global cognitive efficiency (Montreal Cognitive Assessment-MoCA)...
January 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077348/user-centered-design-of-serious-games-for-older-adults-following-3-years-of-experience-with-exergames-for-seniors-a-study-design
#11
Ellen Brox, Stathis Th Konstantinidis, Gunn Evertsen
BACKGROUND: Seniors need sufficient balance and strength to manage in daily life, and sufficient physical activity is required to achieve and maintain these abilities. This can be a challenge, but fun and motivational exergames can be of help. However, most commercial games are not suited for this age group for several reasons. Many usability studies and user-centered design (UCD) protocols have been developed and applied, but to the best of our knowledge none of them are focusing on seniors' use of games for physical activity...
January 11, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076883/in-vivo-feasibility-test-using-transparent-carbon-nanotube-coated-polydimethylsiloxane-sheet-at-brain-tissue-and-sciatic-nerve
#12
Caifeng Wang, Sangjin Oh, Hyun Ah Lee, Jieun Kang, Ki-Jae Jeong, Seon Woo Kang, Dae Youn Hwang, Jaebeom Lee
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), with their unique and outstanding properties, such as strong mechanical strength and high electrical conductivity, have become very popular for the repair of tissues, particularly for those requiring electrical stimuli. Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based elastomers have been used in a wide range of biomedical applications because of their optical transparency, physiological inertness, blood compatibility, non-toxicity, and gas permeability. In present study, most of artificial nerve guidance conduits (ANGCs) are not transparent...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074313/characterizing-clinical-genetic-counselors-countertransference-experiences-an-exploratory-study
#13
Rebecca Reeder, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian M MacFarlane, Bonnie S LeRoy
Countertransference (CT) refers to conscious and unconscious emotions, fantasies, behaviors, perceptions, and psychological defenses genetic counselors experience in response to any aspect of genetic counseling situations (Weil 2010). Some authors theorize about the importance of recognizing and managing CT, but no studies solely aim to explore genetic counselors' experiences of the phenomenon. This study examined the extent to which clinical genetic counselors' perceive themselves as inclined to experience CT, gathered examples of CT encountered in clinical situations, and assessed their CT management strategies...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073758/resolution-and-reconciliation-of-non-binary-gene-trees-with-transfers-duplications-and-losses
#14
Edwin Jacox, Mathias Weller, Eric Tannier, Celine Scornavacca
: Gene trees reconstructed from sequence alignments contain poorly supported branches when the phylogenetic signal in the sequences is insufficient to determine them all. When a species tree is available, the signal of gains and losses of genes can be used to correctly resolve the unsupported parts of the gene history. However finding a most parsimonious binary resolution of a non-binary tree obtained by contracting the unsupported branches is NP-hard if transfer events are considered as possible gene scale events, in addition to gene origination, duplication and loss...
January 10, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072902/development-of-an-encompassing-questionnaire-for-evaluating-the-outcomes-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#15
Morad Chughtai, Anton Khlopas, Melbin Thomas, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Julio J Jauregui, Randa K Elmallah, Martin Roche, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: There are many standardized scales and questionnaires used to evaluate TKA patients; however, individually they do not always assess patients adequately. Consequently, many are used in combinations to provide a thorough evaluation. However, this leads to redundancy, confusion, and an excessive patient time-burden. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a usable combined knee questionnaire that combines questions in a non-redundant manner. Specifically, we aimed to: 1) create a combined knee questionnaire that encompasses questions from multiple systems, while eliminating redundancy; 2) correlate the new system with the existing validated questionnaires; and 3) determine the length of time it takes to administer this new questionnaire...
10, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071879/standards-for-accessible-medical-diagnostic-equipment-final-rule
#16
(no author information available yet)
The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board or Board) is issuing accessibility standards for medical diagnostic equipment. The standards for medical diagnostic equipment (MDE Standards) contain minimum technical criteria to ensure that medical diagnostic equipment, including but not limited to, examination tables, examination chairs, weight scales, mammography equipment, and other imaging equipment used by health care providers for diagnostic purposes are accessible to, and usable by, individuals with disabilities...
9, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071599/unsupervised-frequency-recognition-method-of-ssveps-using-a-filter-bank-implementation-of-binary-subband-cca
#17
Md Rabiul Islam, Md Molla, Masaki Nakanishi, Toshihisa Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: Recently developed effective methods for detection commands of steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) that need calibration for visual stimuli, which cause more time and fatigue prior to the use, as the number of commands increases. This paper develops a novel unsupervised method based on canonical correlation analysis (CCA) for accurate detection of stimulus frequency. APPROACH: A novel unsupervised technique termed as binary subband CCA (BsCCA) is implemented in a multiband approach to enhance the frequency recognition performance of SSVEP...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071051/supramolecular-platform-with-switchable-multivalent-affinity-photo-reversible-capture-and-release-of-bacteria
#18
Wenjun Zhan, Ting Wei, Limin Cao, Changming Hu, Yangcui Qu, Qian Yu, Hong Chen
Surfaces having dynamic control of interactions at the biological system-material interface are of great scientific and technological interest. In this work, a supramolecular platform with switchable multivalent affinity was developed to efficiently capture bacteria and on-demand release captured bacteria in response to irradiation with light of different wavelengths. The system consists of a photo-responsive self-assembled monolayer containing azobenzene (Azo) groups as guest and β-cyclodextrin (β-CD)-mannose (CD-M) conjugates as host, with each CD-M containing seven mannose units to display localized multivalent carbohydrates...
January 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070775/reduction-of-burnout-in-mental-health-care-providers-using-the-provider-resilience-mobile-application
#19
Amanda Ernst Wood, Annabel Prins, Nigel E Bush, Jennifer F Hsia, Laura E Bourn, Michael D Earley, Robyn D Walser, Josef Ruzek
This pilot study examined the usability, acceptability, and effectiveness of a free Provider Resilience (PR) mobile application (app) designed by the National Center for Telehealth and Technology to reduce provider burnout. Outpatient mental health providers (N = 30) used the PR app for 1 month. Participants rated the PR app on the System Usability Scale with an overall score of 79.7, which is in the top quartile for usability. Results of paired sample t tests on the Professional Quality of Life Scale indicated significant decreases on the Burnout (t = 3...
January 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070620/nicotine-delivery-to-users-from-cigarettes-and-from-different-types-of-e-cigarettes
#20
Peter Hajek, Dunja Przulj, Anna Phillips, Rebecca Anderson, Hayden McRobbie
BACKGROUND: Delivering nicotine in the way smokers seek is likely to be the key factor in e-cigarette (EC) success in replacing cigarettes. We examined to what degree different types of EC mimic nicotine intake from cigarettes. METHODS: Twelve participants ('dual users' of EC and cigarettes) used their own brand cigarette and nine different EC brands. Blood samples were taken at baseline and at 2-min intervals for 10 min and again at 30 min. RESULTS: Eleven smokers provided usable data...
January 9, 2017: Psychopharmacology
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