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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453916/digital-technology-and-clinical-decision-making-in-depression-treatment-current-findings-and-future-opportunities
#1
REVIEW
Kevin A Hallgren, Amy M Bauer, David C Atkins
Clinical decision making encompasses a broad set of processes that contribute to the effectiveness of depression treatments. There is emerging interest in using digital technologies to support effective and efficient clinical decision making. In this paper, we provide "snapshots" of research and current directions on ways that digital technologies can support clinical decision making in depression treatment. Practical facets of clinical decision making are reviewed, then research, design, and implementation opportunities where technology can potentially enhance clinical decision making are outlined...
April 28, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453547/a-systematic-review-of-hybrid-brain-computer-interfaces-taxonomy-and-usability-perspectives
#2
Inchul Choi, Ilsun Rhiu, Yushin Lee, Myung Hwan Yun, Chang S Nam
A new Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) technique, which is called a hybrid BCI, has recently been proposed to address the limitations of conventional single BCI system. Although some hybrid BCI studies have shown promising results, the field of hybrid BCI is still in its infancy and there is much to be done. Especially, since the hybrid BCI systems are so complicated and complex, it is difficult to understand the constituent and role of a hybrid BCI system at a glance. Also, the complicated and complex systems make it difficult to evaluate the usability of the systems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449074/fireprot-web-server-for-automated-design-of-thermostable-proteins
#3
Milos Musil, Jan Stourac, Jaroslav Bendl, Jan Brezovsky, Zbynek Prokop, Jaroslav Zendulka, Tomas Martinek, David Bednar, Jiri Damborsky
There is a continuous interest in increasing proteins stability to enhance their usability in numerous biomedical and biotechnological applications. A number of in silico tools for the prediction of the effect of mutations on protein stability have been developed recently. However, only single-point mutations with a small effect on protein stability are typically predicted with the existing tools and have to be followed by laborious protein expression, purification, and characterization. Here, we present FireProt, a web server for the automated design of multiple-point thermostable mutant proteins that combines structural and evolutionary information in its calculation core...
April 26, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448858/the-development-and-piloting-of-an-ehealth-breastfeeding-resource-targeting-fathers-and-partners-as-co-parents
#4
Jennifer Abbass-Dick, Fangli Xie, Jaymie Koroluk, Shelley Alcock Brillinger, Joanne Huizinga, Amber Newport, William M Goodman, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVE: Traditionally breastfeeding education programs target mothers solely. The objective of this study was to design and pilot test an interactive eHealth breastfeeding co-parenting resource developed to target both mothers and fathers. eHealth resources provide an accessible and engaging format on which to educate parents and assist them in meeting their breastfeeding goals. Best practices to design such resources are not currently known. DESIGN: A three phase pilot study was conducted...
April 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447252/a-preliminary-study-for-conducting-a-rational-assessment-of-radon-exposure-levels
#5
Hyung-Jin Jeon, Dae-Ryoung Kang, Sang-Baek Go, Tae-Hyun Park, Si-Hyun Park, Jung-Eun Kwak, Cheol-Min Lee
The aim of this study was to determine the factors that go into a highly reliable estimate of radon exposure levels for use in setting up the case-control study. To this end, the present study conducted a multi-faceted investigation of the distribution of radon concentrations in the bedrooms and living rooms of 400 households in the target areas during the winter months from December 2014 to February 2015. We determined that taking the mean value of the radon concentration levels detected in the bedroom and living room as the representative value of residential concentration is appropriate, given the usability of previous research data and the difference in the concentration levels between the two...
April 26, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446011/development-of-decision-support-formulas-for-the-prediction-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-and-prostatic-surgery-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptom-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-part-ii-external-validation-and-usability-testing-of-a-smartphone-app
#6
Min Soo Choo, Seong Jin Jeong, Sung Yong Cho, Changwon Yoo, Chang Wook Jeong, Ja Hyeon Ku, Seung-June Oh
PURPOSE: We aimed to externally validate the prediction model we developed for having bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and requiring prostatic surgery using 2 independent data sets from tertiary referral centers, and also aimed to validate a mobile app for using this model through usability testing. METHODS: Formulas and nomograms predicting whether a subject has BOO and needs prostatic surgery were validated with an external validation cohort from Seoul National University Bundang Hospital and Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center between January 2004 and April 2015...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445172/telehealth-intensive-care-unit-nurse-surveillance-of-sepsis
#7
Teresa A Rincon, E LaVerne Manos, Janet D Pierce
The purpose of this article is to describe the usability and human factors engineering standards used in development of a sepsis alert known as the sepsis prompt. Sensory processing, cognitive processing, signal detection, criterion response, and user satisfaction were evaluated with controlled user testing and critical incident response techniques. Nurses reported that the sepsis prompt was visible and distinct, making it easily detectable. The prompt provided a clear response mechanism and adequately balanced the number of false alerts with the likelihood of misses...
April 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445170/using-an-ipad-for-basic-communication-between-spanish-speaking-families-and-nurses-in-pediatric-acute-care-a-feasibility-pilot-study
#8
Kylie H Jackson, Sandra J Mixer
The growing number of Spanish speakers in the United States poses communication challenges for healthcare providers. Language barriers in pediatric acute care have been associated with an increased risk for adverse events, longer hospital stays, and decreased quality of care. In addition, clinicians' usage of interpreter services is inconsistent. In fact, nurses often lack interpreter support during daily bedside care. Nursing staff at a pediatric children's hospital in the southeastern United States identified bedside communication with Spanish-speaking patients and families as a clinical challenge...
April 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443026/short-term-effects-of-lupin-vs-whey-supplementation-on-glucose-and-insulin-responses-to-a-standardized-meal-in-a-randomized-cross-over-trial
#9
Kathrin Schopen, Ann C Ewald, Bernd W Johannes, Wilhelm Bloch, Jörn Rittweger, Petra Frings-Meuthen
Background: Whey protein is known to reduce postprandial glycaemia in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Lupin as a vegetable source of protein could be considered as an alternative, as the percentage of vegetarian and vegan consumers is raising. The present study compares the acute glycemic effects of whey and lupin in healthy volunteers following a carbohydrate-rich reference meal. Methods In cross-over design, three standardized meals (reference meal; reference meal + whey; reference meal + lupin) were provided to 12 healthy male and female volunteers, aged between 23 and 33, in a balanced, randomized order...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442144/a-proposal-to-evaluate-the-fibers-break-probability-in-ligaments-and-tendons
#10
Marco Bontempi
Understanding the yield and failure mechanisms of ligaments and tendons is important to have a deeper knowledge of their structure and function. Evaluating what are the limits of the human body is also important to prevent injuries in workers, in athletes and the elderly. The tissue yield mechanism was analyzed by modifying and extending a probabilistic model of collagen bundles. Since not usable experimental data are available in the literature, the model and the method were tested using Monte Carlo simulations...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441950/development-of-a-web-based-patient-decision-aid-for-initiating-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-using-user-centred-design-methods
#11
Ingrid Nota, Constance H C Drossaert, Heleen C Melissant, Erik Taal, Harald E Vonkeman, Cees J Haagsma, Mart A F J van de Laar
BACKGROUND: A main element of patient-centred care, Patient Decision Aids (PtDAs) facilitate shared decision-making (SDM). A recent update of the International Patient Decision Aids Standards (IPDAS) emphasised patient involvement during PtDA development, but omitted a methodology for doing so. This article reports on the value of user-centred design (UCD) methods for the development of a PtDA that aims to support inflammatory arthritis patients in their choice between disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441425/role-of-route-previewing-strategies-on-climbing-fluency-and-exploratory-movements
#12
Ludovic Seifert, Romain Cordier, Dominic Orth, Yoan Courtine, James L Croft
This study examined the role of route previewing strategies on climbing fluency and on exploratory movements of the limbs, in order to understand whether previewing helps people to perceive and to realize affordances. Eight inexperienced and ten experienced climbers previewed a 10 m high route of 5b difficulty on French scale, then climbed it with a top-rope as fluently as possible. Gaze behavior was collected from an eye tracking system during the preview and allowed us to determine the number of times they scanned the route, and which of four route previewing strategies (fragmentary, ascending, zigzagging, and sequence-of-blocks) they used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438724/toward-a-more-usable-home-based-video-telemedicine-system-a-heuristic-evaluation-of-the-clinician-user-interfaces-of-home-based-video-telemedicine-systems
#13
Sruthy Agnisarman, Shraddhaa Narasimha, Kapil Chalil Madathil, Brandon Welch, Fnu Brinda, Aparna Ashok, James McElligott
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is the use of technology to provide and support health care when distance separates the clinical service and the patient. Home-based telemedicine systems involve the use of such technology for medical support and care connecting the patient from the comfort of their homes with the clinician. In order for such a system to be used extensively, it is necessary to understand not only the issues faced by the patients in using them but also the clinician. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to conduct a heuristic evaluation of 4 telemedicine software platforms-Doxy...
April 24, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438105/design-functionality-and-validity-of-the-swincare-a-web-based-application-used-to-administer-cancer-registry-records
#14
Giovanni Benedetto, Alessia Di Prima, Salvatore Sciacca, Giuseppe Grosso
We described the design of a web-based application (the Software Integrated Cancer Registry-SWInCaRe) used to administer data in a cancer registry and tested its validity and usability. A sample of 11,680 records was considered to compare the manual and automatic procedures. Sensibility and specificity, the Health IT Usability Evaluation Scale, and a cost-efficiency analysis were tested. Several data sources were used to build data packages through text-mining and record linkage algorithms. The automatic procedure showed small yet measurable improvements in both data linkage process and cancer cases estimation...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437921/development-and-evaluation-of-colour-control-interfaces-for-led-lighting
#15
Wenye Hu, Wendy Davis
To capitalise on the colour tuning capabilities of LED lighting, a model for converting device-specific control signals to chromaticity coordinates was used in a psychophysical experiment evaluating the usability of three colour control interfaces based on RGB (red, green, blue), HSB (hue, saturation, brightness) and opponent colour mixing systems. Although common and well accepted, the RGB interface had lowest usability based on both psychophysical results and subjective ratings. The usability of HSB and opponent colour interfaces was not significantly different...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436301/orthodontic-treatment-modalities-a-qualitative-assessment-of-internet-information
#16
Madahar Arun, Qureshi Usman, Ama Johal
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to determine the quality, accuracy, reliability and usability of Internet information, regarding different orthodontic treatment modalities. METHOD: Google AdWords identified five popular keywords: Cosmetic braces, fixed braces, Removable braces, Quick braces and risks. These were entered in five search engines, with the resultant websites analysed using five validated assessment tools. Intra-examiner reliability was assessed, descriptive and inferential analysis of the data undertaken...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436282/the-effect-of-chamomile-extract-obtained-in-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-conditions-on-physicochemical-and-usable-properties-of-pharmaceutical-ointments
#17
Emilia Klimaszewska, Artur Seweryn, Anna Małysa, Małgorzata Zięba, Joanna Lipińska
The study investigated the effect of chamomile extract obtained in supercritical carbon dioxide conditions on the basic properties of pharmaceutical ointments. A total of five formulations were designed and prepared, differing in the weight ratio of sunflower oil to chamomile extract (5:0; 3.5:1.5; 2.5:2.5; 1.5:3.5 and 0:5). An increase in the concentration of chamomile extract was found to be accompanied by a decrease in hardness, adhesive power and flow limit. Based on viscosity measurements it was shown that ointments containing the hydrophobic plant extract under study were prone to larger drops in viscosity under the effect of the set shear rate...
April 22, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435273/an-innovative-nonpharmacological-intervention-combined-with-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-increased-patient-global-improvement-in-pain-and-satisfaction-after-major-surgery
#18
Chia-Chun Chuang, Chien-Ching Lee, Li-Kai Wang, Bor-Shyh Lin, Wen-Ju Wu, Chung-Han Ho, Jen-Yin Chen
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate whether a nonpharmacological approach through implementation of a communication improvement program (named CICARE for Connect, Introduce, Communicate, Ask, Respond and Exit) into standard operating procedure (SOP) in acute pain service (APS) improved satisfaction in patients receiving intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a nonrandomized before-after study. Adult patients (aged between 20 and 80 years) who received IV-PCA after major surgery were included...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435113/microsurgical-and-endoscopic-anatomy-for-intradural-temporal-bone-drilling-and-applications-of-the-electromagnetic-navigation-system-various-extensions-of-the-retrosigmoid-approach
#19
Ken Matsushima, Noritaka Komune, Satoshi Matsuo, Michihiro Kohno
OBJECTIVE: The use of the retrosigmoid approach has recently been expanded by several modifications including the suprameatal, transmeatal, suprajugular, and inframeatal extensions. Intradural temporal bone drilling without damaging vital structures inside or beside the bone, such as the internal carotid artery and jugular bulb, is a key step for these extensions. This study aimed to examine the microsurgical and endoscopic anatomy of the extensions of the retrosigmoid approach, and to evaluate the clinical feasibility of an electromagnetic navigation system during intradural temporal bone drilling...
April 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433847/is-it-reliable-to-predict-the-outcome-of-elderly-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-using-impact-prognostic-calculator
#20
Xueyan Wan, Kai Zhao, Sheng Wang, Huaqiu Zhang, Liang Zeng, Yu Wang, Lin Han, Rajluxmee Beejadhursing, Kai Shu, Ting Lei
BACKGROUND: Many investigators endeavor to predict the outcome based on admission characteristics using some established models to determine which management should be applied. However, the efficacy and applicability of the models using in the geriatric severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients have not been evaluated yet. METHODS: 137 geriatric severe TBI patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves were constructed to evaluate the efficacy and usability of the IMPACT prognostic model in evaluating the prognosis for these patients...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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