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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054836/formative-assessment-design-of-a-web-connected-sedentary-behavior-intervention-for-females
#1
Amber W Kinsey, Matthew Whipple, Lauren Reid, Olivia Affuso
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is a significant risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and early mortality, particularly among women, and the health consequences associated with SB are independent of physical activity status. Interventions utilizing wearable technologies can improve SB, but their effectiveness is influenced by individual preferences, device engagement strategies, and technological features, which may affect user compliance. Gathering a priori insight from target populations on their preferences for program tools and strategies may assist researchers in identifying effective methods to improve the efficacy of SB interventions...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054831/web-based-information-on-the-treatment-of-tobacco-dependence-for-oral-health-professionals-analysis-of-english-written-websites
#2
Márcio Diniz-Freitas, Angel Insua, Ross Keat, Jean Christophe Fricain, Sylvain Catros, Luis Monteiro, Luis Silva, Giovanni Lodi, Alberto Pispero, Rui Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: Studies have been conducted on the content and quality of Web-based information for patients who are interested in smoking cessation advice and for health care practitioners regarding the content of e-learning programs about tobacco cessation. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no such information about the quality of Web-based learning resources regarding smoking cessation dedicated to oral health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the quality of the content of webpages providing information about smoking cessation for oral health care professionals...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053894/french-translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-myotonic-dystrophy-health-index-mdhi
#3
Cynthia Gagnon, Marjolaine Tremblay, Isabelle Côté, Chad Heatwole
INTRODUCTION: Validation studies of disease-specific instruments for myotonic dystrophy type-1 (DM1) are required prior to their global use in clinical trials involving different cultures and countries. Here we translate and culturally adapt the Myotonic Dystrophy Health Index (MDHI), a disease-specific patient reported outcome measure, for a French DM1 population. METHOD: Using the ISPOR Task Force method for translation and adaptation of patient-reported outcome questionnaires, we created a French translation of the MDHI...
October 20, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053889/optimization-of-mass-spectrometry-acquisition-parameters-for-determination-of-polycarbonate-additives-degradation-products-and-colorants-migrating-from-food-contact-materials-to-chocolate
#4
Chiara Bignardi, Antonella Cavazza, Carmen Laganà, Paola Salvadeo, Claudio Corradini
The interest towards the so-called "substances of emerging concerns", in particular referred to objects intended to come into contact with food is recently growing. Such substances can be found in traces in simulants and in food products put in contact with plastic materials. In this context, it is important to set up analytical systems characterized by high sensitivity, and to improve detection parameters to enhance signals. This work was aimed at optimizing a method based on UHPLC coupled to High Resolution Mass Spectrometry to quantify the most common plastic additives, and able to detect the presence of polymers degradation products and coloring agents migrating from plastic re-usable containers...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052368/time-course-study-of-long-term-biocompatibility-and-foreign-body-reaction-to-intraneural-polyimide-based-implants
#5
Natàlia de la Oliva, Navarro Xavier, Jaume Del Valle
The foreign body reaction (FBR) against an implanted device is characterized by the formation of a fibrotic tissue around the implant. In the case of interfaces for peripheral nerves, used to stimulate specific group of axons and to record different nerve signals, the FBR induces a matrix deposition around the implant creating a physical separation between nerve fibers and the interface that may reduce its functionality over time. In order to understand how the FBR to intraneural interfaces evolves, polyimide non-functional devices were implanted in rat peripheral nerve...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052308/an-audit-of-ect-in-england-2011-2015-usage-demographics-and-adherence-to-guidelines-and-legislation
#6
John Read, Christopher Harrop, Jim Geekie, Julia Renton
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) continues to be used in England, but without comprehensive national auditing. Therefore, information was gathered on usage, demographics, consent, and adherence to the guidelines of the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (N.I.C.E.) and to the Mental Health Act. DESIGN AND METHODS: Freedom of Information Act requests were sent to 56 National Health Service Trusts. RESULTS: Thirty-two trusts provided some usable data...
October 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051812/patients-perceptions-on-the-usability-of-the-surepal%C3%A2-self-injection-device-for-omnitrope-%C3%A2-a-questionnaire-based-observational-study-conducted-in-paediatric-patients-in-france
#7
Régis Coutant, Clémentine Dupuis, Patricia Pigeon, Phillipe Rebaud
BACKGROUND: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted to evaluate attitudes towards a reusable self-injection system, SurePal™, among paediatric patients with growth disturbances who were prescribed treatment with somatropin (Omnitrope(®)) as part of routine clinical practice. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was incorporated into the multinational, multi-centre, noninterventional PAtients TReated with Omnitrope(®) (PATRO) Children study. Questions were mainly focused on five areas: the attractiveness of SurePal™; training received; use of the device; opinion of the low-drug wastage system; experience compared with previous devices used (among pretreated patients)...
September 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051762/specific-pathogen-recognition-by-multiple-innate-immune-sensors-in-an-invertebrate
#8
Guillaume Tetreau, Silvain Pinaud, Anaïs Portet, Richard Galinier, Benjamin Gourbal, David Duval
Detection of pathogens by all living organisms is the primary step needed to implement a coherent and efficient immune response. This implies a mediation by different soluble and/or membrane-anchored proteins related to innate immune receptors called PRRs (pattern-recognition receptors) to trigger immune signaling pathways. In most invertebrates, their roles have been inferred by analogy to those already characterized in vertebrate homologs. Despite the induction of their gene expression upon challenge and the presence of structural domains associated with the detection of pathogen-associated molecular patterns in their sequence, their exact role in the induction of immune response and their binding capacity still remain to be demonstrated...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051138/effectiveness-of-two-web-based-interventions-for-chronic-cancer-related-fatigue-compared-to-an-active-control-condition-results-of-the-fitter-na-kanker-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Fieke Z Bruggeman-Everts, Marije D J Wolvers, Rens van de Schoot, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten, Marije L Van der Lee
BACKGROUND: Approximately one third of all patients who have been successfully treated for cancer suffer from chronic cancer-related fatigue (CCRF). Effective and easily accessible interventions are needed for these patients. OBJECTIVE: The current paper reports on the results of a 3-armed randomized controlled trial investigating the clinical effectiveness of two different guided Web-based interventions for reducing CCRF compared to an active control condition...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051136/using-google-glass-in-nonsurgical-medical-settings-systematic-review
#10
Bryn Dougherty, Sherif M Badawy
BACKGROUND: Wearable technologies provide users hands-free access to computer functions and are becoming increasingly popular on both the consumer market and in various industries. The medical industry has pioneered research and implementation of head-mounted wearable devices, such as Google Glass. Most of this research has focused on surgical interventions; however, other medical fields have begun to explore the potential of this technology to support both patients and clinicians. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to systematically evaluate the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of using Google Glass in nonsurgical medical settings and to determine the benefits, limitations, and future directions of its application...
October 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049624/the-alfa4hearing-model-at-a-glance-labeling-for-features-of-apps-for-hearing-health-care-to-characterize-mobile-apps-for-hearing-health-care
#11
Alessia Paglialonga, Francesco Pinciroli, Gabriella Tognola
Purpose: The aim of the study was to analyze, by using the ALFA4Hearing model (At-a-Glance Labeling for Features of Apps for Hearing Health Care), a sample of apps over a wide range of services in the hearing health care (HHC) domain in order to take a first picture of the current scenario of apps for HHC. Method: We tested 120 apps, and we characterized them by using the ALFA4Hearing model, which includes 29 features in 5 components (Promoters, Services, Implementation, Users, and Descriptive Information)...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047156/cyclophosphamide-induced-male-subfertility-in-mice-an-assessment-of-the-potential-benefits-of-maca-supplement
#12
A Y Onaolapo, B P Oladipo, O J Onaolapo
Effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced gonadal toxicity in male mice were investigated. Mice were assigned to six treatment groups: Vehicle control, CYP control, CYP plus oral Maca (500 or 1,000 mg/kg), and oral Maca (500 or 1,000 mg/kg). CYP was administered via the intraperitoneal route (days 1-2), while vehicle or Maca were administered daily for 28 days. On day 28, half of the animals in each group were either sacrificed or paired with age-matched females for fertility assessment...
October 18, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044893/tsynthetic-klebsiella-pneumoniae-shewanella-oneidensis-consortium-enables-glyc-erol-fed-high-performance-microbial-fuel-cells
#13
Feng Li, Changji Yin, Liming Sun, Yuanxiu Li, Xuewu Guo, Hao Song
Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is an eco-friendly bio-electrochemical system that uses mi-croorganism as biocatalyst to convert biomass into electricity. Glycerol, as a waste in the biodiesel refinery processes, is an appealing substrate for MFC. Nevertheless, glycerol cannot be utilized as carbon source by well-known exoelectrogens such as Shewanella oneidensis. Herein, to generate electricity by rapidly harnessing glycerol, we rationally constructed a Klebsiella pneumoniae-Shewanella oneidensis microbial consortium to efficiently harvest electricity from glycerol, in which K...
October 18, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042823/digital-health-technology-for-use-in-patients-with-serious-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Sonal Batra, Ross A Baker, Tao Wang, Felicia Forma, Faith DiBiasi, Timothy Peters-Strickland
BACKGROUND: As the capabilities and reach of technology have expanded, there is an accompanying proliferation of digital technologies developed for use in the care of patients with mental illness. The objective of this review was to systematically search published literature to identify currently available health technologies and their intended uses for patients with serious mental illness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Medline, Embase, and BIOSIS Previews electronic databases were searched to identify peer-reviewed English language articles that reported the use of digital, mobile, and other advanced technology in patients with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042341/pain-self-management-for-veterans-development-and-pilot-test-of-a-stage-based-mobile-optimized-intervention
#15
Sara S Johnson, Deborah A Levesque, Lynne E Broderick, Dustin G Bailey, Robert D Kerns
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a significant public health burden affecting more Americans than cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer combined. Veterans are disproportionately affected by chronic pain. Among previously deployed soldiers and veterans, the prevalence of chronic pain is estimated between 44% and 60%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to develop and pilot-test Health eRide: Your Journey to Managing Pain, a mobile pain self-management program for chronic musculoskeletal pain for veterans...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041971/finnish-physicians-stress-related-to-information-systems-keeps-increasing-a-longitudinal-three-wave-survey-study
#16
Tarja Heponiemi, Hannele Hyppönen, Tuulikki Vehko, Sari Kujala, Anna-Mari Aalto, Jukka Vänskä, Marko Elovainio
BACKGROUND: Poorly functioning, time-consuming, and inadequate information systems are among the most important work-related psychosocial factors causing stress in physicians. The present study examined the trend in the perceived stress that was related to information systems (SRIS) among Finnish physicians during a nine-year follow-up. In addition, we examined the associations of gender, age, employment sector, specialization status, leadership position, on-call burden, and time pressure with SRIS change and levels...
October 17, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041740/backside-emission-leaky-mode-modulators
#17
Stephen McLaughlin, Andrew Henrie, Scott Gneiting, Daniel E Smalley
We report on an advancement to leaky-mode modulators that allows for backside emission from the device. This is accomplished by adding a high spatial frequency surface relief grating (~300 nm period) to the backside of the modulator. The outcome being a theoretical arbitrary increase in usable output aperture, at the cost of angular deflection. Using backside emission, it is now possible for leaky mode modulators to be used to create transparent, holographic, direct-view near-eye displays.
August 21, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041631/highly-improved-non-localized-field-enhancement-enabled-by-hybrid-plasmon-of-crescent-resonator-graphene-in-infrared-wavelength
#18
Chen Chen, Guan Wang, Lilan Peng, Kai Zhang
The development of surface enhanced infrared absorption has been constrained by the limited field enhancement and narrow-band resonance of commonly used metal resonators. In this theoretical work, the design of a crescent resonator (CR) combined with graphene-enabled plasmon tuning is proposed to settle the drawbacks. The CR is similar to a split ring resonator (SRR), but exhibits a much improved field enhancement. The influence of graphene on the field enhancement of the CR has been systematically investigated...
September 18, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041252/large-format-platinum-silicide-microwave-kinetic-inductance-detectors-for-optical-to-near-ir-astronomy
#19
P Szypryt, S R Meeker, G Coiffard, N Fruitwala, B Bumble, G Ulbricht, A B Walter, M Daal, C Bockstiegel, G Collura, N Zobrist, I Lipartito, B A Mazin
We have fabricated and characterized 10,000 and 20,440 pixel Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detector (MKID) arrays for the Dark-speckle Near-IR Energy-resolved Superconducting Spectrophotometer (DARKNESS) and the MKID Exoplanet Camera (MEC). These instruments are designed to sit behind adaptive optics systems with the goal of directly imaging exoplanets in a 800-1400 nm band. Previous large optical and near-IR MKID arrays were fabricated using substoichiometric titanium nitride (TiN) on a silicon substrate. These arrays, however, suffered from severe non-uniformities in the TiN critical temperature, causing resonances to shift away from their designed values and lowering usable detector yield...
October 16, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040656/barriers-to-the-success-of-an-electronic-pharmacovigilance-reporting-system-in-kenya-an-evaluation-three-years-post-implementation
#20
Oscar O Agoro, Sarah W Kibira, Jenny V Freeman, Hamish S F Fraser
Objective: Electronic pharmacovigilance reporting systems are being implemented in many developing countries in an effort to improve reporting rates. This study sought to establish the factors that acted as barriers to the success of an electronic pharmacovigilance reporting system in Kenya 3 years after its implementation. Materials and Methods: Factors that could act as barriers to using electronic reporting systems were identified in a review of literature and then used to develop a survey questionnaire that was administered to pharmacists working in government hospitals in 6 counties in Kenya...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
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