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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926626/do-privacy-and-security-regulations-need-a-status-update-perspectives-from-an-intergenerational-survey
#1
Stacey Pereira, Jill Oliver Robinson, Hayley A Peoples, Amanda M Gutierrez, Mary A Majumder, Amy L McGuire, Mark A Rothstein
BACKGROUND: The importance of health privacy protections in the era of the "Facebook Generation" has been called into question. The ease with which younger people share personal information about themselves has led to the assumption that they are less concerned than older generations about the privacy of their information, including health information. We explored whether survey respondents' views toward health privacy suggest that efforts to strengthen privacy protections as health information is moved online are unnecessary...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890192/workplace-availability-risk-group-and-perceived-barriers-predictive-of-2016-17-influenza-vaccine-uptake-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Paula M Luz, Riley E Johnson, Heidi E Brown
BACKGROUND: Seasonal influenza, though mostly self-limited in the healthy adult, may lead to severe disease and/or complications in subpopulations. Annual influenza vaccination is available in many countries with coverage goals rarely being met. We conducted a cross-sectional study of influenza vaccine uptake and explored socio-demographic, economic, and psychological factors that explained vaccine uptake. METHODS: The survey was administered via Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) to United States residents in January 2017, using the Qualtrics platform...
September 7, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882810/study-of-methods-for-assessing-research-topic-elicitation-and-prioritization-smarter-study-protocol-to-compare-qualitative-research-methods-and-advance-patient-engagement-in-research
#3
Danielle C Lavallee, Bryan Comstock, Mary R Scott, Andrew L Avins, David R Nerenz, Todd C Edwards, Donald L Patrick, Sarah O Lawrence, Zoya Bauer, Anjali R Truitt, Jeffrey G Jarvik
BACKGROUND: Involving patients as partners in research is a defining characteristic of patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR). While patients' experiential knowledge of a health condition or treatment may yield research priorities not reflected by researchers and policy makers, the methods for identifying and effectively collaborating with patients are still evolving. Patient registries and crowdsourcing may offer ease of access and convenience to both researchers and patients. Surveys and focus groups, including online modalities, have been described for prioritizing research topics...
September 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859162/foods-are-differentially-associated-with-subjective-effect-report-questions-of-abuse-liability
#4
Erica M Schulte, Julia K Smeal, Ashley N Gearhardt
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigates which foods may be most implicated in addictive-like eating by examining how nutritionally diverse foods relate to loss of control consumption and various subjective effect reports. Subjective effect reports assess the abuse liabilities of substances and may similarly provide insight into which foods may be reinforcing in a manner that triggers an addictive-like response for some individuals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Online community...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857759/self-stigma-identity-and-co-occurring-disorders
#5
Maya A Al-Khouja, Patrick W Corrigan
BACKGROUND: A four stage regressive model that links public stigma to self-stigma is applied to mental illness and substance use disorder. We assess this four stage model in those with co-occurring disorders versus those who have mental illness or substance use disorder alone. METHOD: 366 people who self-identified as having either a mental illness or co-occurring mental illness with substance use disorder were recruited from MTurk and completed measures on identity and self-stigma...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804184/a-comparison-of-three-online-recruitment-strategies-for-engaging-parents
#6
Jodi Dworkin, Heather Hessel, Kate Gliske, Jessie H Rudi
Family scientists can face the challenge of effectively and efficiently recruiting normative samples of parents and families. Utilizing the Internet to recruit parents is a strategic way to find participants where they already are, enabling researchers to overcome many of the barriers to in-person recruitment. The present study was designed to compare three online recruitment strategies for recruiting parents: e-mail Listservs, Facebook, and Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk). Analyses revealed differences in the effectiveness and efficiency of data collection...
October 2016: Family Relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704520/a-self-affirmation-exercise-does-not-improve-intentions-to-vaccinate-among-parents-with-negative-vaccine-attitudes-and-may-decrease-intentions-to-vaccinate
#7
Rachael D Reavis, Jacob B Ebbs, Adaobi K Onunkwo, L Mariah Sage
Two studies investigated the effectiveness of a self-affirmation exercise on vaccine safety beliefs and intent to vaccinate future children. In Study 1, a sample of 585 parents with at least one child under the age of 18 in the home participated through Amazon's MTurk. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions in a 2 x 2 design. Participants read either correcting information refuting a link between the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism or a control passage about bird feeding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682090/emotional-benefits-and-barriers-of-psychological-services-scale-initial-construction-and-validation-among-african-american-women
#8
Natalie N Watson-Singleton, Oladoyin Okunoren, Devon LoParo, Carla D Hunter
The current study used the Health Belief Model to develop a measure that assessed the emotional benefits and barriers of professional psychological services in an African American women sample. Data from 251 African American women recruited from online organizations from across the United States (n = 164) and a Midwestern university psychology subject pool (n = 87) were used for exploratory factor analysis. Results revealed a 2-factor structure of the Emotional Benefits and Barriers of Psychological Services (EBBPS) Scale: Life Enhancement and Concerns about Distress, respectively...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666078/public-perceptions-of-how-long-air-pollution-and-carbon-dioxide-remain-in-the-atmosphere
#9
Rachel Dryden, M Granger Morgan, Ann Bostrom, Wändi Bruine de Bruin
The atmospheric residence time of carbon dioxide is hundreds of years, many orders of magnitude longer than that of common air pollution, which is typically hours to a few days. However, randomly selected respondents in a mail survey in Allegheny County, PA (N = 119) and in a national survey conducted with MTurk (N = 1,013) judged the two to be identical (in decades), considerably overestimating the residence time of air pollution and drastically underestimating that of carbon dioxide. Moreover, while many respondents believed that action is needed today to avoid climate change (regardless of cause), roughly a quarter held the view that if climate change is real and serious, we will be able to stop it in the future when it happens, just as we did with common air pollution...
June 30, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633999/characteristics-of-a-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-sample-recruited-using-amazon-s-mechanical-turk
#10
John Bernstein, Matthew Calamia
BACKGROUND: Several barriers exist in the recruitment of individuals with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The current study is the first to examine whether crowdsourcing, which has been used in other clinical populations, is useful in the recruitment of those with mTBI. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), an online crowdsourcing platform, is a useful tool in the recruitment of individuals with a history of mTBI and to examine the injury and psychological characteristics of individuals who report a history of mTBI...
June 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627926/using-crowdsourcing-to-examine-behavioral-economic-measures-of-alcohol-value-and-proportionate-alcohol-reinforcement
#11
Vanessa Morris, Michael Amlung, Brent A Kaplan, Derek D Reed, Tashia Petker, James MacKillop
Online crowdsourcing websites such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) are increasingly being used in addictions research. However, there is a relative paucity of such research examining the validity of administering behavioral economic alcohol-related measures, via an online crowdsourcing platform. This study sought to validate an alcohol purchase task (APT) for assessing demand and a questionnaire measure of proportionate alcohol reinforcement, using an online sample of participants recruited via MTurk. Participants (N = 865, 59% female) were recruited via MTurk to complete the APT, proportionate alcohol reinforcement questionnaire, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and demographics...
August 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536096/harnessing-facebook-for-smoking-reduction-and-cessation-interventions-facebook-user-engagement-and-social-support-predict-smoking-reduction
#12
Sunny Jung Kim, Lisa A Marsch, Mary F Brunette, Jesse Dallery
BACKGROUND: Social media technologies offer a novel opportunity for scalable health interventions that can facilitate user engagement and social support, which in turn may reinforce positive processes for behavior change. OBJECTIVE: By using principles from health communication and social support literature, we implemented a Facebook group-based intervention that targeted smoking reduction and cessation. This study hypothesized that participants' engagement with and perceived social support from our Facebook group intervention would predict smoking reduction...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509415/ratings-of-affective-and-interpersonal-tendencies-differ-for-grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-a-replication-and-extension-of-gore-widiger
#13
Courtland S Hyatt, Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam, Thomas A Widiger, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical conceptions of narcissism have long been characterized by two seemingly opposing poles: grandiosity and vulnerability. The goal of the current study was to investigate the extent to which traits associated with one profile are perceived to co-occur with the other within an individual. METHOD: Lay raters (n = 862; 56% female; 80% Caucasian; mean age = 37) recruited from Amazon's MTurk and assigned to one of four conditions in which they rated how often a series of narcissistic traits were displayed by a prototypical grandiose narcissist, vulnerable narcissist, a close friend, or themselves...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450081/a-qualitative-study-of-what-us-parents-say-and-do-when-their-young-children-see-pornography
#14
Emily F Rothman, Jennifer Paruk, Ashlee Espensen, Jeff R Temple, Kelley Adams
OBJECTIVE: There is no empirical information about how parents react when they discover that their young children have seen pornography. To address this gap in the literature, the current study sought to improve our understanding of parental reactions to discovering that their children ages <12 years old have seen pornography using a mixed-methods approach. METHODS: A convenience sample of participants (N = 279) was recruited from the online survey service Mechanical Turk...
April 24, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412835/validation-of-a-seven-factor-structure-for-the-motives-for-playing-drinking-games-measure
#15
Byron L Zamboanga, Shannon Audley, Janine V Olthuis, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Cara C Tomaso, Ngoc Bui, Brian Borsari
Playing drinking games can be characterized as a high-risk drinking activity because games are typically designed to promote heavy alcohol consumption. While research suggests that young adults are motivated to play drinking games for a variety of reasons (e.g., for thrills/fun, for the competition), the Motives for Playing Drinking Games measure has received limited empirical attention. We examined the psychometric properties of this measure with a confirmation sample of young adults recruited from Amazon's MTurk ( N = 1,809, ages 18-25 years, 47% men; 41% not currently enrolled in college) and a validation sample of college students ( N = 671; ages 18-23 years; 26% men)...
April 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382006/conducting-online-behavioral-research-using-crowdsourcing-services-in-japan
#16
Yoshimasa Majima, Kaoru Nishiyama, Aki Nishihara, Ryosuke Hata
Recent research on human behavior has often collected empirical data from the online labor market, through a process known as crowdsourcing. As well as the United States and the major European countries, there are several crowdsourcing services in Japan. For research purpose, Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) is the widely used platform among those services. Previous validation studies have shown many commonalities between MTurk workers and participants from traditional samples based on not only personality but also performance on reasoning tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364134/evaluating-the-dimensionality-of-pornography
#17
Dean M Busby, Hsin-Yao Chiu, Joseph A Olsen, Brian J Willoughby
Pornography may be a construct with a single trait or one with many traits. Research in the past was inconsistent in this regard with most researchers assuming that pornography was unidimensional (with one single trait of pornography). However, the considerable amounts of residual variation found in these studies beyond that explained by the single trait hints at what might be a multidimensional construct (with multiple traits such as sensitization and differentiation). Consequently, in this study, we intended to address the question of whether pornography consisted of a single trait or if it was multidimensional...
August 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332037/comparing-self-reported-demographic-and-sexual-behavioral-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-recruited-through-mechanical-turk-qualtrics-and-a-hiv-sti-clinic-based-sample-implications-for-researchers-and-providers
#18
Matthew R Beymer, Ian W Holloway, Christian Grov
Recruitment for HIV research among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) has increasingly moved to the online sphere. However, there are limited data comparing the characteristics of clinic-based respondents versus those recruited via online survey platforms. MSM were recruited from three sampling sites (STI clinic, MTurk, and Qualtrics) to participate in a survey from March 2015 to April 2016. Respondents were compared between each of the sampling sites on demographics, sexual history, substance use, and attention filter passage...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230410/a-self-report-measure-for-the-icd-11-dimensional-trait-model-proposal-the-personality-inventory-for-icd-11
#19
Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the 11th edition of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is a dimensional trait model for the classification of personality disorder (Tyrer, Reed, & Crawford, 2015). The ICD-11 proposal consists of 5 broad domains: negative affective, detachment, dissocial, disinhibition, and anankastic (Mulder, Horwood, Tyrer, Carter, & Joyce, 2016). Several field trials have examined this proposal, yet none has included a direct measure of the trait model. The purpose of the current study was to develop and provide initial validation for the Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (PiCD), a self-report measure of this proposed 5-domain maladaptive trait model...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196693/public-perceptions-of-overlapping-surgery
#20
Michael Kent, Richard Whyte, Aaron Fleishman, David Tomich, Lachlan Forrow, James Rodrigue
BACKGROUND: Overlapping surgery is highly contentious, both in terms of the safety of the practice and the degree to which patients should be informed. However, no study has surveyed attitudes of the general public toward overlapping surgery and willingness to consent to such a procedure. STUDY DESIGN: A survey on overlapping surgery was completed by participants using Amazon Mechanical Turk, an online crowd-sourcing worksite. Responders completed a 51-question survey on their knowledge of overlapping surgery, expectations on disclosure during the informed consent process, and their willingness to participate in such a procedure...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
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