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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889820/ruxolitinib-in-clinical-practice-for-primary-and-secondary-myelofibrosis-an-analysis-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-gruppo-laziale-of-ph-negative-mpn
#1
Massimo Breccia, Alessandro Andriani, Marco Montanaro, Elisabetta Abruzzese, Francesco Buccisano, Michele Cedrone, Antonietta Centra, Nicoletta Villivà, Francesca Celesti, Malgorzata Monica Trawinska, Fulvio Massaro, Ambra Di Veroli, Barbara Anaclerico, Gioia Colafigli, Matteo Molica, Antonio Spadea, Luca Petriccione, Giuseppe Cimino, Roberto Latagliata
Ruxolitinib, a JAK1 and JAK2 inhibitor, has been tested and approved for the treatment of primary and secondary myelofibrosis (MF). Aim of our study is to report safety and efficacy of ruxolitinib in 98 patients affected by MF treated outside clinical trials and collected and treated consecutively by the Lazio Cooperative Group for Ph negative myeloproliferative diseases.There were 45 males and 53 females; median age was 61.8 years (range 35.3-88). Forty-five patients were diagnosed as primary MF and 53 as secondary MF...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872786/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-with-delayed-presentation
#2
Alireza Malekzadegan, Alireza Sargazi
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is caused due to abnormal formation of the muscular parts of diaphragm. The incidence of CDH in common births ranges from 1/25000 to 1/30000. Pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension are factors that associate with the increase of mortality and morbidity due to CDH. We presented a 68-year-old Iranian woman with abdominal pain and tenderness in right upper quadrant who was diagnosed as having CDH. The disease was detected using chest X-ray and chest and abdomen sonography and confirmed with chest and abdomen CT scan with and without oral contrast...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871165/acute-pancreatitis-complicated-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-a-young-adult-without-hypertriglyceridemia-a-case-report
#3
Jung Hyun Kim, Myung Jin Oh
Systemic complications related to acute pancreatitis include acute respiratory distress syndrome, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, hypocalcemia, hyperglycemia, and insulin dependent diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis. In practice, the development of diabetic ketoacidosis induced by acute pancreatitis is rare and generally associated with hypertriglyceridemia. However, herein we report a case of a 34-year-old female without hypertriglyceridemia, who was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis complicated with diabetic ketoacidosis...
November 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869490/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-causing-cardiac-arrest-in-a-30-year-old-woman
#4
H J Manson, Y M Goh, P Goldsmith, P Scott, P Turner
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) usually presents in infancy with respiratory failure requiring urgent surgical correction. Mortality in this group of patients remains poor and persistent pulmonary hypertension is a significant contributor. It is therefore rare for patients to reach adulthood undiagnosed. CDH is often identified incidentally in adults but when symptoms arise, they relate to the organ involved, and include gastrointestinal symptoms of dyspepsia and obstruction, as well as respiratory complaints such as dyspnoea...
November 21, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672552/retroperitoneal-fibrosis-with-periaortitis-a-case-report-of-an-unusual-form-of-presentation-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#5
Elizabeth Manuely González Revilla, Araceli Abad Fernandez, María Teresa Río Ramirez, Sara Calero Pardo, María Antonia Juretschke Moragues
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is the name that has been used in recent years for Wegener's granulomatosis. This condition is a systemic inflammatory disease characterised by necrotizing vasculitis that affects small and medium-sized blood vessels (capillaries, arterioles, venules and arteries). The granulomatous inflammation affects the respiratory system; it also commonly affects the kidney and can very rarely affect large vessels such as the aorta and the surrounding retroperitoneal tissue. Early diagnosis and treatment is of vital importance because of the high risk of dissection and of obstruction of retroperitoneal structures...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446874/a-curious-case-of-iron-deficiency-anemia
#6
Seth Shaffer, Mayur Brahmania, Hemant Shah
A 49-year-old Brazilian male presented to the emergency department with a five-day history of abdominal pain, dark stools, and syncope. Physical examination did not reveal any melena on digital rectal examination and there were no stigmata of chronic liver disease. Laboratory results showed hemoglobin of 47 g/L, MCV of 80 fL, and ferritin of 6 ng/mL. Liver enzymes and liver function tests were normal. Abdominal ultrasound showed a cirrhotic liver with splenomegaly and varices suggestive of portal hypertension...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437533/parastomal-hernias-after-radical-cystectomy-and-ileal-conduit-diversion
#7
REVIEW
Timothy F Donahue, Bernard H Bochner
Parastomal hernia, defined as an "incisional hernia related to an abdominal wall stoma", is a frequent complication after conduit urinary diversion that can negatively impact quality of life and present a clinically significant problem for many patients. Parastomal hernia (PH) rates may be as high as 65% and while many patients are asymptomatic, in some series up to 30% of patients require surgical intervention due to pain, leakage, ostomy appliance problems, urinary obstruction, and rarely bowel obstruction or strangulation...
July 2016: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429589/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-peritoneal-adhesion-prevention-devices-in-a-rat-model
#8
D Poehnert, L Grethe, L Maegel, D Jonigk, T Lippmann, A Kaltenborn, H Schrem, J Klempnauer, M Winny
BACKGROUND: Abdominal operations are followed by adhesions, a prevalent cause of abdominal pain, and the most frequent cause for bowel obstruction and secondary female infertility. This rat study addresses adhesion prevention capability of Adept(®), Interceed(®), Seprafilm(®), and a novel device, 4DryField(®) PH which is provided as powder and generates its effect as gel. METHODS: Sixty-eight male Lewis rats had cecal abrasion and creation of an equally sized abdominal wall defect, and were grouped randomly: A control group without treatment (n=10); two groups treated with 4DryField(®) PH using premixed gel (n=15) or in-situ gel technique (n=16); one group each was treated with Seprafilm(®) (n=8), Interceed(®) (n=9), or Adept(®) (n=10)...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373474/-laparoscopic-reoperation-for-recurred-antireflux-surgery-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#9
Z W Hu, J M Wu, Z G Wang, F Wang, M P Chen, Y Y Dong, X L Zhan, Y Zhang, S S Ma, C Zhang, C Yan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic reoperation for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) recurred form previous anti-reflux surgery. METHODS: Totally 19 patients received laparoscopic reoperation for symptomatic and anatomic recurred GERD in Department of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, Rocket Force General Hospital from January 2008 to September 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 12 male and 7 female patients...
July 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265924/colon-ischemia-after-weight-loss-medication-in-a-36-year-old-woman
#10
Prabin Sharma, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy
Weight-loss medications have been associated with many conditions, including valvular heart disease, ischemic colitis, and pulmonary hypertension. There is a constant increase in the use of these drugs, especially new medications with better efficacy. Phentermine is one such drug, approved for short-term use to lose weight. We report a case of ischemic colitis in a female patient linked to inappropriate phentermine intake. The patient presented with symptoms of severe abdominal pain and repeated bowel movement associated with rectal bleeding for two weeks...
April 2016: Connecticut Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222785/possible-role-of-anti-ssa-ro-antibodies-in-the-pathogenesis-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#11
Kelsey Guerreso, Edward Alexander Conner
INTRODUCTION: There are many different causes of pulmonary hypertension and the pathogenesis of the disease is still being elucidated. Although they are not the most common, autoimmunity and inflammation have been identified as possible causes. No one autoantibody has been identified as the definite cause of pulmonary hypertension. We present a rare association of anti-SSA/Ro antibodies and isolated pulmonary hypertension. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53 year old African American female presented with abdominal pain, nausea, weight loss, dyspnea and fatigue...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134934/pathogenesis-and-management-of-hepatolithiasis-a-report-of-two-cases
#12
Biswajit Dey, Gourav Kaushal, Sajini Elizabeth Jacob, Adarsh Barwad, Biju Pottakkat
Hepatolithiasis or primary intrahepatic stones are prevalent in the Far-East countries such as Korea, Japan and Taiwan. It has been associated with helminthiasis, bacterial infections, environmental and dietary factors. Despite high prevalence of helminthiasis like ascariasis, poor environmental condition and low protein diet, India and Middle-East countries have a low incidence of hepatolithiasis. We report two cases of hepatolithiasis associated with bacterial infections and were surgically managed. The first case is a 45-year-old female presenting with upper abdominal pain and fever...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132752/management-of-the-colonic-volvulus-in-2016
#13
L Perrot, A Fohlen, A Alves, J Lubrano
Colonic volvulus is the third leading cause of colonic obstruction worldwide, occurring at two principal locations: the sigmoid colon and cecum. In Western countries, sigmoid volvulus preferentially affects elderly men whereas cecal volvulus affects younger women. Some risk factors, such as chronic constipation, high-fiber diet, frequent use of laxatives, personal past history of laparotomy and anatomic predispositions, are common to both locations. Clinical symptomatology is non-specific, including a combination of abdominal pain, gaseous distention, and bowel obstruction...
June 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132437/uterine-rupture-in-pregnancy-two-case-reports-and-review-of-literature
#14
REVIEW
A Pontis, C Prasciolu, P Litta, S Angioni
Rupture of a gravid uterus is an obstetric emergency. Risks factors include a scarred uterus but also spontaneous rupture of an un- scarred uterus during pregnancy is possible. The authors present two cases of a spontaneous complete uterine rupture during pregnancy. The first case had only a past history of dilatation and curettage for abortion; the second case had a past history of dilatation and curettage for abortion and a monolateral laparoscopic salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy. They presented with abdominal pain and after ultrasound scan, uterine ruptures were diagnosed...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27082665/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-position-statement-on-the-association-of-sglt-2-inhibitors-and-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#15
Yehuda Handelsman, Robert R Henry, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Sam Dagogo-Jack, Ralph A DeFronzo, Daniel Einhorn, Ele Ferrannini, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Derek LeRoith, Guillermo E Umpierrez, Matthew R Weir
AACE = American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists ACE = American College of Endocrinology DKA = diabetic ketoacidosis EMA = European Medicines Agency FDA = U.S. Food and Drug Administration SGLT-2 = sodium glucosecotransporter 2 T1D = type 1 diabetes T2D = type 2 diabetes.
June 2016: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27057262/juxtarenal-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-right-renal-vein-fistula-with-circumaortic-renal-collar-delayed-manifestation-of-a-gunshot-injury-an-uncommon-entity-diagnosed-with-ct-angiography
#16
Lalit Garg, Neeraj Jain, Sachin Agrawal, Udit Chauhan, Vandana Goel, Sunil Kumar Puri
BACKGROUND: Delayed presentation of post-traumatic aortic pseudoaneurysm and its fistulous communication with the right renal vein is a very rare entity. Most of the cases described in literature are due to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture into the left renal vein. To the best of our knowledge, communication with the right renal vein has not been described in published literature. Our patient also had a circumaortic renal collar, which is a rare renal vein anomaly. Aortic pseudoaneurysm, its fistulous communication with the right renal vein and circumaortic renal collar in a single patient is of extremely rare occurrence...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018414/-emphysematous-cystitis-and-acute-focal-bacterial-nephritis-a-case-report
#17
Gaku Yamamichi, Masahiro Nakagawa, Takuya Okusa, Ayumu Taniguchi, Toshichika Iwanishi, Kyosuke Matsuzaki, Go Tanigawa, Koichi Tsutahara, Ryoichi Imamura, Tetsuya Takao, Seiji Yamaguchi
A 96-year-old woman was diagnosed with colitis in our hospital. Her past history was breast cancer and lung cancer but no diabetes mellitus. She suddenly complained of lower abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed intramural gas in the bladder wall and multiple poor contrasting area in her right kidney, which suggested emphysematous cystitis and acute focal bacterial nephritis. Indwelling urethral catheter was performed for bladder drainage and the treatment with antibiotics started. Urine culture revealed Klebsiella pneumoniae and blood culture was negative...
February 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952404/thermoresponsive-polymeric-gel-as-an-on-demand-transdermal-drug-delivery-system-for-pain-management
#18
S Indulekha, P Arunkumar, D Bahadur, R Srivastava
The main aim of this work is to design a heat triggered transdermal drug delivery system (TDDS) using a thermoresponsive polymer, poly (N-vinyl caprolactam) [PNVCL] based gel, where in patients can themselves administer a pulse of drug on mere application of heat pad over the TDDS, whenever pain is experienced. The phase transition temperature of PNVCL was tuned to 35 °C by grafting it onto a pH sensitive biopolymer, Chitosan, to synthesize Chitosan-g-PNVCL (CP) co-polymer which render the gel both thermo- and pH-responsive property...
May 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949539/alcoholic-ketoacidosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Nurulamin M Noor, Krishna Basavaraju, Dan Sharpstone
Alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA) is a cause of severe metabolic acidosis usually occurring in malnourished patients with a history of recent alcoholic binge, often on a background of alcohol dependency. AKA can be fatal due to associated electrolyte abnormalities and subsequent development of cardiac arrhythmias. This is a diagnosis that is often delayed or missed, in patients who present with a severe lactic and ketoacidosis. Here we report the case of a 64-year-old female who presented with generalized abdominal pain, nausea and shortness of breath...
March 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939911/an-interesting-case-of-profound-hypoxemia
#20
Jennifer Fu, Luan Nguyen, Elise Nguyen, Nick Lau, Ping Ji, Samuel W French, William W Stringer
A 58 year old male with a history of cirrhosis (hepatitis B and C), a long smoking history, and a recently diagnosed high-grade transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder wall presented three days after a biopsy procedure with abdominal pain, nausea, and new hypoxemia on room air. The chest radiograph was clear and the CT angiogram showed only a borderline large pulmonary artery, two small nodules (3mm and 4mm) in the right middle lobe of the lung, and emphysematous changes throughout the lung parenchyma. There was no evidence of pulmonary embolism...
April 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
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