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epidural surgery liver

Emmanuel Melloul, Martin Hübner, Michael Scott, Chris Snowden, James Prentis, Cornelis H C Dejong, O James Garden, Olivier Farges, Norihiro Kokudo, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Nicolas Demartines
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is a multimodal pathway developed to overcome the deleterious effect of perioperative stress after major surgery. In colorectal surgery, ERAS pathways reduced perioperative morbidity, hospital stay and costs. Similar concept should be applied for liver surgery. This study presents the specific ERAS Society recommendations for liver surgery based on the best available evidence and on expert consensus. METHODS: A systematic review was performed on ERAS for liver surgery by searching EMBASE and Medline...
October 2016: World Journal of Surgery
V S Yip, D F J Dunne, S Samuels, C Y Tan, C Lacasia, J Tang, C Burston, H Z Malik, G J Poston, S W Fenwick
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) has been proven effective in liver surgery. Adherence to the ERAS pathway is variable. This study seeks to evaluate adherence to key components of an ERAS protocol in liver resection, and identify the components associated with successful clinical outcomes. METHOD: All patients undergoing liver resections for two consecutive years were included in our ERAS pathway. Six key components of ERAS included preoperative assessment, nutrition and gastrointestinal function, postoperative analgesia, mobilisation and discharges...
October 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
B Błaszczyk, B Wrońska, M Klukowski, E Flakiewicz, M Kołacz, L Jureczko, M Pacholczyk, A Chmura, J Trzebicki
BACKGROUND: Early extubation is a standard procedure after liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: The preoperative and perioperative data of 506 adult patients undergoing LT from July 2000 to March 2015 were analyzed. The goal of this study was to determine preoperative and perioperative independent predictors of early tracheal extubation. RESULTS: Of the 506 study patients, 73.7% were extubated early after LT. Patients in this group exhibited better preoperative and perioperative outcomes...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Juhong Ran, Yanping Wang, Fangkun Li, Wei Zhang, Minyu Ma
The objective of this study was to study the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of levobupivacaine used for epidural anesthesia in patients with liver dysfunction. Twenty patients aged 20-60, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) graded I-III according to the ASA guidelines, scheduled for elective upper abdominal surgery, were included in the study. They were divided into two groups of ten each. In group I, the patients with liver dysfunction were included, whereas group II was composed of those with normal liver function...
December 2015: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
X T Wang, M Lv, H Y Guo
This study discusses the changes of T helper cells (Th cells) of patients who received different anesthesia methods in liver cancer resection. We selected 122 patients who were diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma and underwent liver cancer resection and divided them into a general anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia group (group A) and general anesthesia group (group B). Peripheral blood was collected to detect Th cells on the day of surgery, and on the second and seventh days after surgery. Th1 and Th2 cell frequency and mRNA expression of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) of all patients significantly rose on the second day but recovered to the previous level on the seventh day...
January 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Aparna Dalal
Intestinal transplantation is a complex and challenging surgery. It is very effective for treating intestinal failure, especially for those patients who cannot tolerate parenteral nutrition nor have extensive abdominal disease. Chronic parental nutrition can induce intestinal failure associated liver disease (IFALD). According to United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) data, children with intestinal failure affected by liver disease secondary to parenteral nutrition have the highest mortality on a waiting list when compared with all candidates for solid organ transplantation...
April 2016: Transplantation Reviews
Senthil Ganapathi, Gemma Roberts, Susan Mogford, Barbara Bahlmann, Bazil Ateleanu, Nagappan Kumar
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia has been the reference standard for the provision of post-operative pain relief in patients recovering from major upper abdominal operations, including liver resections. However, a failure rate of 20-32% has been reported. AIM: The aim of the study was to analyse the success rates of epidural analgesia and the outcome in patients who underwent liver surgery. METHODS: We collected data from a prospectively maintained database of 70 patients who underwent open liver surgery by a bilateral subcostal incision during a period of 20 months (February 2009 to September 2010)...
May 2015: British Journal of Pain
Giuseppe Zimmitti, Jose Soliz, Thomas A Aloia, Vijaya Gottumukkala, Juan P Cata, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have suggested that the use of regional anesthesia can reduce recurrence risk after oncologic surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of epidural anesthesia on recurrence-free (RFS) and overall survival (OS) after hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastases (CLM). METHODS: After approval of the institutional review board, the records of all adult patients who underwent elective hepatic resection between January 2006 and October 2011 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
M J Hughes, E M Harrison, N J Peel, B Stutchfield, S McNally, C Beattie, S J Wigmore
BACKGROUND: Analgesia after liver surgery remains controversial. A previous randomized trial of continuous wound infiltration (CWI) versus thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) after liver surgery (LIVER trial) showed a faster recovery time in the wound infiltration group but better early postoperative pain scores in the TEA group. High-level evidence is, however, limited and opinion remains divided. The aim was to determine whether there is a difference in functional recovery time between patients having CWI plus abdominal nerve blocks versus TEA after liver resection...
December 2015: British Journal of Surgery
Yumiko Kohno, Keiko Koishi, Tomoki Nishiyama
Malignant hyperthermia occurred 10 hours after surgery in a 72-year-old man who had received emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy for severe acute cholecystitis with cholelethiasis. He had a high fever (39.4 degrees C) with liver damage before surgery. Anesthesia was induced with propofol and fentanyl and maintained with sevoflurane and epidural block using ropivacaine. Rocuronium was used as a muscle relaxant During surgery, body temperature decreased by cooling the body surface, but tachycardia continued...
June 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
S T Karna, C K Pandey, S Sharma, A Singh, M Tandon, V K Pandey
BACKGROUND: Coagulopathy after living donor hepatectomy (LDH) may endanger donor safety during removal of thoracic epidural catheter (TEC). The present study was conducted to evaluate the extent and duration of immediate postoperative coagulopathy after LDH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of perioperative record of LDH over three years was conducted after IRB approval. Variables such as age, gender, BMI, ASA classification, liver volume on CT scan, preoperative and postoperative INR, platelet count (PC) and ALT of each donor for five days was noted...
July 2015: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
H Sayan, M S Aydogan, M Bıcakcıoğlu, H I Toprak, B Isık, S Yılmaz
BACKGROUND: Donors are volunteers without any health problems. Therefore, the anesthetic management of donor safety is an important issue. Our aim in this study was to compare thoracic epidural anesthesia and general anesthesia effects on liver blood flow by means of liver function tests and indocyanine green and compared with living-donor liver transplantation. METHODS: Subjects were divided into 2 equal groups: the control group (group I) and the epidural block group (group II, closed envelope method)...
June 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
M S Aydogan, M Bıçakcıoğlu, H Sayan, M Durmus, S Yılmaz
The aim of this study was the compare the donor patients who received intravenous (IV) morphine with patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) or epidural morphine during the early postoperative period who underwent liver transplantation. Forty patients were included in the study and randomly divided into 2 groups in a double-blinded manner. They were given IV morphine 5 mg (Group C), or epidural anesthesia adding morphine (2 mg; Group E) by epidural anesthesia technique starting 15 minutes before the estimated time of completion of surgery...
May 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
P Kambakamba, K Slankamenac, C Tschuor, P Kron, A Wirsching, K Maurer, H Petrowsky, P A Clavien, M Lesurtel
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia (EDA) is a common analgesia regimen in liver resection, and is accompanied by sympathicolysis, peripheral vasodilatation and hypotension in the context of deliberate intraoperative low central venous pressure. This associated fall in mean arterial pressure may compromise renal blood pressure autoregulation and lead to acute kidney injury (AKI). This study investigated whether EDA is a risk factor for postoperative AKI after liver surgery. METHODS: The incidence of AKI was investigated retrospectively in patients who underwent liver resection with or without EDA between 2002 and 2012...
June 2015: British Journal of Surgery
J Liu, H Xi, Y Jiang, Z Feng, L Hou, W Li
BACKGROUND: Ropivacaine is frequently used for local anesthesia in the clinic and is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP450) in the liver. CYP450 polymorphisms may alter the therapeutic efficacy of drugs in patients. In this study, we selected six CYP450 polymorphisms from the dbSNP and HapMap databases, using a combination of functional analysis and Tag SNP strategies and examined these polymorphisms for association with the efficacy of epidural ropivacaine in patients during mastectomy...
May 2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Antonio Siniscalchi, Lorenzo Gamberini, Cristiana Laici, Tommaso Bardi, Stefano Faenza
AIM: To evaluate the currently available evidence on thoracic epidural anesthesia effects on splanchnic macro and microcirculation, in physiologic and pathologic conditions. METHODS: A PubMed search was conducted using the MeSH database. Anesthesia, Epidural was always the first MeSH heading and was combined by boolean operator AND with the following headings: Circulation, Splanchnic; Intestines; Pancreas and Pancreatitis; Liver Function Tests. EMBASE, Cochrane library, ClinicalTrials...
February 4, 2015: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Eric B Rosero, Gloria S Cheng, Kinnari P Khatri, Girish P Joshi
The aim of this study was to assess the nationwide use of epidural analgesia (EA) and the incidence of postoperative complications in patients undergoing major liver resections (MLR) with and without EA in the United States. The 2001 to 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried to identify adult patients undergoing MLR. A 1:1 matched cohort of patients having MLR with and without EA was assembled using propensity-score matching techniques. Differences in the rate of postoperative complications were compared between the matched groups...
October 2014: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Tina Ramspoth, Anna B Roehl, Stephan Macko, Cristoph Heidenhain, Karsten Junge, Marcel Binnebösel, Maximilian Schmeding, Ulf P Neumann, Rolf Rossaint, Marc Hein
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for coagulopathy in patients undergoing liver resection. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients who underwent liver resection at a university hospital between April 2010 and May 2011 were evaluated within seven days after surgery. PATIENTS: One hundred forty-seven patients were assessed for eligibility. Thirty needed to be excluded because of incomplete data (23) or a preexisting coagulopathy (7)...
December 2014: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Johan Kirkegaard, Mie Grunnet, Jane Preuss Hasselby
Primary squamous cholangiocellular carcinomas are very rare. We describe a case of a 67-year-old man, who underwent chemotherapy and surgery for a right-sided liver tumor with an unusual presentation of metastasis to a lymph node in the left armpit. The patient was asymptomatic at the time of diagnosis but expired 20 months after surgery with epidural, lung, and spine metastasis. In addition to the unusual clinical presentation, the diagnosis of the liver tumor was that of a primary basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the intrahepatic bile ducts, an entity with only one previous report in the literature...
2014: Case Reports in Pathology
P Feltracco, C Carollo, S Barbieri, M Milevoj, T Pettenuzzo, E Gringeri, R Boetto, C Ori
BACKGROUND: Although post-liver transplantation pain is not as severe as expected from the size of the surgical incision, optimal pain control becomes crucial to aid compliance with the ventilator, improve respiratory function, and facilitate an early weaning from mechanical ventilation. METHODS: Because the majority of analgesics are primarily metabolized and excreted by the hepatobiliary system, a poor recovery of graft function will result in a decrease in clearance and reduced elimination of the drug...
September 2014: Transplantation Proceedings
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