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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033668/integrative-research-identifies-71-new-plant-species-records-in-the-state-of-rio-grande-do-norte-brazil-and-enhances-a-small-herbarium-collection-during-a-funding-shortage
#1
Leonardo M Versieux, Nállarett Dávila, Geadelande C Delgado, Valdeci F de Sousa, Edweslley Otaviano de Moura, Tarciso Filgueiras, Marccus V Alves, Eric Carvalho, Daniel Piotto, Rafaela C Forzza, Alice Calvente, Jomar G Jardim
A National Forest Inventory (NFI) encompassing the entire territory of Brazil is in progress. It is coordinated and promoted by the Brazilian Forest Service of the Ministry of Environment. In each state, the NFI collaborates with local herbaria by receiving collected plant material and performing species identification. Consultants are hired by the NFI and work at the local herbaria under the supervision of a curator. In exchange for curatorial assistance, the NFI provides equipment and consumables for the herbarium...
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028793/clinico-pathological-features-of-erythema-nodosum-leprosum-a-case-control-study-at-alert-hospital-ethiopia
#2
Edessa Negera, Stephen L Walker, Selfu Girma, Shimelis N Doni, Degafe Tsegaye, Saba M Lambert, Munir H Idriss, Yohanis Tsegay, Hazel M Dockrell, Abraham Aseffa, Diana N Lockwood
BACKGROUND: Leprosy reactions are a significant cause of morbidity in leprosy population. Erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) is an immunological complication affecting approximately 50% of patients with lepromatous leprosy (LL) and 10% of borderline lepromatous (BL) leprosy. ENL is associated with clinical features such as skin lesions, neuritis, arthritis, dactylitis, eye inflammation, osteitis, orchitis, lymphadenitis and nephritis. ENL is treated mainly with corticosteroids and corticosteroids are often required for extended periods of time which may lead to serious adverse effects...
October 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021612/il-15-promotes-human-myogenesis-and-mitigates-the-detrimental-effects-of-tnf%C3%AE-on-myotube-development
#3
Mary F O'Leary, Graham R Wallace, Andrew J Bennett, Kostas Tsintzas, Simon W Jones
Studies in murine cell lines and in mouse models suggest that IL-15 promotes myogenesis and may protect against the inflammation-mediated skeletal muscle atrophy which occurs in sarcopenia and cachexia. The effects of IL-15 on human skeletal muscle growth and development remain largely uncharacterised. Myogenic cultures were isolated from the skeletal muscle of young and elderly subjects. Myoblasts were differentiated for 8 d, with or without the addition of recombinant cytokines (rIL-15, rTNFα) and an IL-15 receptor neutralising antibody...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991595/psychometric-properties-of-the-korean-version-of-the-infertility-self-efficacy-scale
#4
Ju Hee Kim, Han Jong Park, Jung Ho Kim, Soojin Chung, Hyon Joo Hong
PURPOSE: The Infertility Self-Efficacy scale (ISE) is an instrument used to identify infertility-related self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the ISE developed by Cousineau et al. in 2006. METHODS: The translated instrument was pilot-tested and administered to 314 women and men with a diagnosis of infertility. For estimating reliability, test-retest and the internal consistency reliability coefficients were calculated...
September 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981673/economic-risk-of-bee-pollination-in-maine-wild-blueberry-vaccinium-angustifolium
#5
Eric Asare, Aaron K Hoshide, Francis A Drummond, George K Criner, Xuan Chen
Recent pollinator declines highlight the importance of evaluating economic risk of agricultural systems heavily dependent on rented honey bees or native pollinators. Our study analyzed variability of native bees and honey bees, and the risks these pose to profitability of Maine's wild blueberry industry. We used cross-sectional data from organic, low-, medium-, and high-input wild blueberry producers in 1993, 1997-1998, 2005-2007, and from 2011 to 2015 (n = 162 fields). Data included native and honey bee densities (count/m2/min) and honey bee stocking densities (hives/ha)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976976/effectiveness-of-32-versus-20-weeks-of-prednisolone-in-leprosy-patients-with-recent-nerve-function-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Inge Wagenaar, Erik Post, Wim Brandsma, Bob Bowers, Khorshed Alam, Vanaja Shetty, Vivek Pai, Sajid Husain, Cita Rosita Sigit Prakoeswa, Linda Astari, Deanna Hagge, Mahesh Shah, Kapil Neupane, Krishna Bahadur Tamang, Peter Nicholls, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: While prednisolone is commonly used to treat recent nerve function impairment (NFI) in leprosy patients, the optimal treatment duration has not yet been established. In this "Treatment of Early Neuropathy in Leprosy" (TENLEP) trial, we evaluated whether a 32-week prednisolone course is more effective than a 20-week course in restoring and improving nerve function. METHODS: In this multi-centre, triple-blind, randomized controlled trial, leprosy patients who had recently developed clinical NFI (<6 months) were allocated to a prednisolone treatment regimen of either 20 weeks or 32 weeks...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962832/the-convergent-roles-of-the-nuclear-factor-i-transcription-factors-in-development-and-cancer
#7
Kok-Siong Chen, Jonathan W C Lim, Linda J Richards, Jens Bunt
The nuclear factor I (NFI) transcription factors play important roles during normal development and have been associated with developmental abnormalities in humans. All four family members, NFIA, NFIB, NFIC and NFIX, have a homologous DNA binding domain and function by regulating cell proliferation and differentiation via the transcriptional control of their target genes. More recently, NFI genes have also been implicated in cancer based on genomic analyses and studies of animal models in a variety of tumours across multiple organ systems...
September 28, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934717/expression-of-c-ebp%C3%AE-in-myeloid-progenitors-during-sepsis-promotes-immunosuppression
#8
Jun Dai, Ajinkya Kumbhare, Dima Youssef, Zhi Q Yao, Charles E McCall, Mohamed El Gazzar
Sepsis-induced myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) contribute to immunosuppression associated with sepsis. We reported that the CCAAT enhancer-binding protein C/EBPβ activates microRNA (miR)-21 and miR-181b expressions, which induce transcription factor NFI-A to support the generation and expansion of MDSCs in the bone marrow and spleens of septic mice. Here, using a conditional knockout mouse model lacking C/EBPβ in the myeloid lineage, we find that without C/EBPβ, myeloid progenitor cells could not express miR-21 or miR-181b, and ectopic expression of C/EBPβ in the C/EBPβ-deficient myeloid progenitors activated the expression of the two miRNAs...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930691/dna-methylome-analysis-identifies-transcription-factor-based-epigenomic-signatures-of-multilineage-competence-in-neural-stem-progenitor-cells
#9
Tsukasa Sanosaka, Takuya Imamura, Nobuhiko Hamazaki, MuhChyi Chai, Katsuhide Igarashi, Maky Ideta-Otsuka, Fumihito Miura, Takashi Ito, Nobuyuki Fujii, Kazuho Ikeo, Kinichi Nakashima
Regulation of the epigenome during in vivo specification of brain stem cells is still poorly understood. Here, we report DNA methylome analyses of directly sampled cortical neural stem and progenitor cells (NS/PCs) at different development stages, as well as those of terminally differentiated cortical neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes. We found that sequential specification of cortical NS/PCs is regulated by two successive waves of demethylation at early and late development stages, which are responsible for the establishment of neuron- and glia-specific low-methylated regions (LMRs), respectively...
September 19, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917131/the-development-and-psychometric-testing-of-a-disaster-response-self-efficacy-scale-among-undergraduate-nursing-students
#10
Hong-Yan Li, Rui-Xue Bi, Qing-Ling Zhong
BACKGROUND: Disaster nurse education has received increasing importance in China. Knowing the abilities of disaster response in undergraduate nursing students is beneficial to promote teaching and learning. However, there are few valid and reliable tools that measure the abilities of disaster response in undergraduate nursing students. OBJECTIVES: To develop a self-report scale of self-efficacy in disaster response for Chinese undergraduate nursing students and test its psychometric properties...
July 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911962/development-and-psychometric-validation-of-a-questionnaire-to-evaluate-nurses-adherence-to-recommendations-for-preventing-pressure-ulcers-qarppu
#11
Ana Belén Moya-Suárez, José Miguel Morales-Asencio, Marta Aranda-Gallardo, Margarita Enríquez de Luna-Rodríguez, José Carlos Canca-Sánchez
AIM OF THE STUDY: The main objective of this work is the development and psychometric validation of an instrument to evaluate nurses' adherence to the main recommendations issued for preventing pressure ulcers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An instrument was designed based on the main recommendations for the prevention of pressure ulcers published in various clinical practice guides. Subsequently, it was proceeded to evaluate the face and content validity of the instrument by an expert group...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894069/-health-promoting-behavior-in-pregnant-couples-actor-partner-interdependence-model-analysis
#12
Ju Hee Kim, Young A Song
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the actor and partner effects of self-efficacy, marital adjustment, and social support on the health promoting behavior of Korean pregnant couples. METHODS: Participants were 132 couples who met the eligibility criteria. Data were collected from June to November, 2016 at a community health center. The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model was used for analyzing the actor and partner effects of self-efficacy, marital adjustment, and social support on health promoting behavior...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852426/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-spanish-version-of-the-foot-and-ankle-ability-measures-faam-sp
#13
Pablo Cervera-Garvi, Ana Belen Ortega-Avila, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Jose Antonio Cervera-Marin, Rob Roy Martin, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron
BACKGROUND: The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) commonly used to determine the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions for patients with foot and ankle pathologies and associated impairments of body function and structure, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt the FAAM into Spanish. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to the international guidelines of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834407/psychometric-testing-of-integrare-an-instrument-for-the-assesment-of-pressure-ulcer-risk-in-inpatients
#14
Ana María Porcel-Gálvez, Rocío Romero-Castillo, Elena Fernández-García, Sergio Barrientos-Trigo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of INTEGRARE, an instrument based on Nursing Outcome Classification. METHOD: A multicenter, cross-sectional, methodological design was used. FINDINGS: The study included 3,835 patients. Internal consistency α = 0.86. Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated the unidimensionality of the scale, indicating a good model fit (CMIN/DF = 4; GFI, CFI, NFI, IFI = 0.999; RMSEA = 0...
August 21, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830981/nfib-hemizygous-mice-are-protected-from-hyperoxic-lung-injury-and-death
#15
Vasantha H S Kumar, Joseph Chaker El Khoury, Richard Gronostajski, Huamei Wang, Lori Nielsen, Rita M Ryan
Nuclear Factor I (Nfi) genes encode transcription factors essential for the development of organ systems including the lung. Nfib null mice die at birth with immature lungs. Nfib hemizygous mice have reduced lung maturation with decreased survival. We therefore hypothesized that these mice would be more sensitive to lung injury and would have lower survival to hyperoxia. Adult Nfib hemizygous mice and their wild-type (Wt) littermates were exposed to 100% O2 for 89, 80, 72 and 66 h for survival studies with lung outcome measurements at 66 h...
August 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821759/inconsistent-estimates-of-forest-cover-change-in-china-between-2000-and-2013-from-multiple-datasets-differences-in-parameters-spatial-resolution-and-definitions
#16
Yan Li, Damien Sulla-Menashe, Safa Motesharrei, Xiao-Peng Song, Eugenia Kalnay, Qing Ying, Shuangcheng Li, Zongwen Ma
The Chinese National Forest Inventory (NFI) has reported increased forest coverage in China since 2000, however, the new satellite-based dataset Global Forest Change (GFC) finds decreased forest coverage. In this study, four satellite datasets are used to investigate this discrepancy in forest cover change estimates in China between 2000 and 2013: forest cover change estimated from MODIS Normalized Burn Ratio (NBR), existing MODIS Land Cover (LC) and Vegetation Continuous Fields (VCF) products, and the Landsat-based GFC...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807834/a-predictive-model-of-days-from-infection-to-discharge-in-patients-with-healthcare-associated-urinary-tract-infections-hauti-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#17
Brett G Mitchell, Malcolm Anderson, John K Ferguson
OBJECTIVES: To test the relationships between the size of hospital, age and patient co-morbidity on days from admission to infection and days from infection to discharge in patients with a healthcare-associated urinary tract infection (HAUTI), using structural equation modelling (SEM). METHODS: A noncurrent cohort study in eight hospitals in New South Wales, Australia. All patients admitted to the hospital for more than 48 hours and who acquired a HAUTI were included...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747647/delivery-of-intracavernosal-therapies-using-needle-free-injection-devices
#18
D O'Kane, L Gibson, J du Plessis, A Davidson, D Bolton, N Lawrentschuk
ED affects a significant proportion of males worldwide. With an ever-aging population the prevalence of ED is predicted to double in the next decade. Oral PDE-5 inhibitors are the first-line treatment for ED and have revolutionised its management. These agents are however ineffective in some men. Intracavernosal injection (ICI) of vasoactive agents is an effective second-line therapy for ED. Despite proven efficacy, needle phobia and anxiety with self-needling limit the use of intracavernosal (IC) therapies...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727836/the-disc-damage-likelihood-scale-diagnostic-accuracy-and-correlations-with-cup-to-disc-ratio-structural-tests-and-standard-automated-perimetry
#19
Andrea C Kara-José, Luiz Alberto S Melo, Bruno L B Esporcatte, Angelica T N H Endo, Mauro Toledo Leite, Ivan Maynart Tavares
Our objective was to compare the diagnostic accuracies of and to determine the correlations between the disc damage likelihood scale (DDLS) and anatomical and functional tests used for glaucoma detection. A total of 54 healthy subjects (54 eyes) and 47 primary open-angle glaucoma patients (47 eyes) were included in this cross-sectional observational study. DDLS scores and cup-to-disc (C/D) ratios were evaluated. Subjects underwent standard automated perimetry (SAP), optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) imaging with time and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (TD and SD-OCT), Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT II), and scanning laser polarimetry (GDx-VCC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718867/-defeated-by-life-validation-of-a-german-version-of-the-defeat-scale-ds-d
#20
Thomas Forkmann, Jana-Sophie Stenzel, Dajana Rath, Heide Glaesmer, Tobias Teismann
Introduction Defeat and entrapment are transdiagnostic constructs that play an important role in the development of depression, anxiety, suicidality and trauma-associated mental disorders. The present study aimed at presenting and validating a first German version of the Defeat-Scale (DS-d). Material and methods Through a web-based survey, N=480 participants were recruited (74% female; MAge=28.5, SDAge=11.1, Range: 18-80 years); 14.2% reported to currently suffer from a mental disorder, 8.5% reported at least one lifetime suicide attempt...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
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