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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614321/a-structural-equation-model-on-korean-adolescents-excessive-use-of-smartphones
#1
Hana Lee, JooHyun Kim
PURPOSE: We develop a unified structural model that defines multi-relationships between systematic factors causing excessive use of smartphones and the corresponding results. METHODS: We conducted a survey with adolescents who live in Seoul, Pusan, Gangneung, Donghae, and Samcheok from Feb. to Mar. 2016. We utilized SPSS Ver. 22 and Amos Ver. 22 to analyze the survey result at a 0.05 significance level. To investigate demographic characteristics of the participants and their variations, we employed descriptive analysis...
March 31, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577671/prognostic-significance-of-nfia-and-nfib-in-esophageal-squamous-carcinoma-and-esophagogastric-junction-adenocarcinoma
#2
Bo Yang, Zhi-Hang Zhou, Li Chen, Xiang Cui, Jun-Yan Hou, Kai-Jie Fan, Si-Hao Han, Peng Li, Shao-Qiong Yi, Yang Liu
The nuclear factor I (NFI) family members, especially NFIA and NFIB, play essential roles in cancers. The roles of NFIA and NFIB in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma (EJA) remain poorly known. This study aimed to determine the expression of NFIA and NFIB in ESCC and EJA and elucidate their prognostic significance. The expression of NFIA and NFIB was examined in 163 ESCC samples and 26 EJA samples by immunohistochemistry. The results showed that high NFIA expression correlated significantly with poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, and advanced TNM stage in patients with ESCC...
March 25, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529227/methods-and-consequences-of-including-feed-intake-and-efficiency-in-genetic-selection-for-multiple-trait-merit
#3
S A Barwick, A L Henzell, B J Walmsley, D J Johnston, R G Banks
Methods are presented for including feed intake and efficiency in genetic selection for multiple-trait merit when commercial production is from any combination of pasture or concentrates. Consequences for the production system and for individual animals are illustrated with a beef cattle example. Residual feed intake at pasture (RFI-p), residual feed intake in the feedlot (RFI-f), and cow condition score are additional traits of the breeding objective. Feed requirement change is costed in the economic values of other objective traits...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522920/dna-polymerase-i-proofreading-exonuclease-activity-is-required-for-endonuclease-v-repair-pathway-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
Kang-Yi Su, Liang-In Lin, Steven D Goodman, Rong-Syuan Yen, Cho-Yuan Wu, Wei-Chen Chang, Ya-Chien Yang, Wern-Cherng Cheng, Woei-Horng Fang
Deamination of adenine can occur spontaneously under physiological conditions to generate the highly mutagenic lesion, deoxyinosine (hypoxanthine deoxyribonucleotide, dI). In DNA, dI preferably pairs with cytosine rather than thymine and results in A:T to G:C transition mutations after DNA replication. The deamination of adenine is enhanced by ROS from exposure of DNA to ionizing radiation, UV light, nitrous acid, or heat. In Escherichia coli, dI repair is initiated by endonuclease V (endo V; nfi gene product) nicking but a complete repair mechanism has yet to be elucidated...
February 17, 2018: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495156/-analysis-of-the-impact-of-job-characteristics-and-organizational-support-for-workplace-violence
#5
M L Li, P Chen, F H Zeng, Q L Cui, J Zeng, X S Zhao, Z N Li
Objective: To analyze the effect of job characteristics and organizational support for workplace violence, explore the influence path and the theoretical model, and provide a theoretical basis for reducing workplace violence. Methods: Stratified random sampling was used to select 813 medical staff, conductors and bus drivers in Chongqing with a self-made questionnaire to investigate job characteristics, organization attitude toward workplace violence, workplace violence, fear of violence, workplace violence, etc from February to October, 2014...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477412/safety-tolerability-and-effectiveness-of-dextromethorphan-quinidine-for-pseudobulbar-affect-among-study-participants-with-traumatic-brain-injury-results-from-the-prism-ii-open-label-study
#6
Flora M Hammond, William Sauve, Fred Ledon, Charles Davis, Andrea E Formella
BACKGROUND: Dextromethorphan 20mg /quinidine 10mg (DM/Q) was approved to treat pseudobulbar affect (PBA) based upon phase 3 trials conducted in participants with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or multiple sclerosis. PRISM II evaluated DM/Q effectiveness, safety and tolerability for PBA following stroke, dementia or traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVE: To report results from the TBI cohort of PRISM II, including a TBI-specific functional scale. DESIGN: Open-label trial evaluating twice daily DM/Q over 90 days...
February 22, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468474/estimation-of-forest-aboveground-biomass-and-uncertainties-by-integration-of-field-measurements-airborne-lidar-and-sar-and-optical-satellite-data-in-mexico
#7
Mikhail Urbazaev, Christian Thiel, Felix Cremer, Ralph Dubayah, Mirco Migliavacca, Markus Reichstein, Christiane Schmullius
BACKGROUND: Information on the spatial distribution of aboveground biomass (AGB) over large areas is needed for understanding and managing processes involved in the carbon cycle and supporting international policies for climate change mitigation and adaption. Furthermore, these products provide important baseline data for the development of sustainable management strategies to local stakeholders. The use of remote sensing data can provide spatially explicit information of AGB from local to global scales...
February 21, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467254/bdnf-activates-an-nfi-dependent-neurodevelopmental-timing-program-by-sequestering-nfatc4
#8
Baojin Ding, Paul R Dobner, Debra Mullikin-Kilpatrick, Wei Wang, Hong Zhu, Chi-Wing Chow, John W Cave, Richard M Gronostajski, Daniel L Kilpatrick
How intrinsic and extrinsic signals are coordinated to regulate synaptic maturation and its timing is an important question for neurodevelopment and its disorders. Here, we investigated the influence of the neurotrophin BDNF on the developmental timing of a dendrite/synapse-related gene program controlled by Nuclear Factor One (NFI) in maturing cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs). BDNF accelerated the onset of NFI-regulated late-gene expression and NFI temporal occupancy in CGN cultures in a MEK5/ERK5-dependent manner...
February 21, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463685/correction-for-mcpeak-et-al-myeloid-cell-specific-knockout-of-nfi-a-improves-sepsis-survival
#9
Melissa B McPeak, Dima Youssef, Danielle A Williams, Christopher Pritchett, Zhi Q Yao, Charles E McCall, Mohamed El Gazzar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459195/cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-lasater-clinical-judgment-rubric-in-nursing-students-in-spain
#10
Montserrat Román-Cereto, Silvia García-Mayor, Shakira Kaknani-Uttumchandani, Marina García-Gámez, Alvaro León-Campos, Eloisa Fernández-Ordóñez, Maria Luisa Ruiz-García, C Martí-García, Inmaculada López-Leiva, Kathie Lasater, José Miguel Morales-Asencio
BACKGROUND: The clinical judgment and decision-making abilities of nurses can influence many health outcomes, hence the importance of addressing these qualities in university studies. In this respect, clinical simulation is a commonly employed teaching method. The evaluation of simulation activities requires standardised instruments, such as the Lasater Clinical Judgment Rubric, which is widely used for this purpose, although a culturally adapted and validated version in Spain is not available...
February 9, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451851/validation-of-a-pre-existed-safety-climate-scale-for-turkish-furniture-manufacturing-industry
#11
Kadri Cemil Akyuz, Ibrahim Yıldirim, Celal Gungor
Understanding the safety climate level is essential to implement a proactive safety program. The objective of this study is to explore the possibility of having a safety climate scale for the Turkish furniture manufacturing industry since there has not been any scale available. The questionnaire recruited 783 subjects. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) tested a pre-existed safety scale's fit to the industry. The CFA indicated that the structures of the model present a non-satisfactory fit with the data (χ 2 = 2,033...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450248/metacognitions-or-distress-intolerance-the-mediating-role-in-the-relationship-between-emotional-dysregulation-and-problematic-internet-use
#12
Mehdi Akbari
Objective: Given the relevance of problematic Internet use (PIU) to everyday life, its relationship to emotional dysregulation and the importance of metacognitions and distress intolerance in process and intermediaries research, this study examined which of metacognitions and distress intolerance acts as an intermediary between emotional dysregulation and PIU. Methods: In the current study, 413 undergraduate students from the University of Tehran, Iran (202 females; mean age = 20...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403417/development-of-a-work-climate-scale-in-emergency-health-services
#13
Susana Sanduvete-Chaves, José A Lozano-Lozano, Salvador Chacón-Moscoso, Francisco P Holgado-Tello
An adequate work climate fosters productivity in organizations and increases employee satisfaction. Workers in emergency health services (EHS) have an extremely high degree of responsibility and consequent stress. Therefore, it is essential to foster a good work climate in this context. Despite this, scales with a full study of their psychometric properties (i.e., validity evidence based on test content, internal structure and relations to other variables, and reliability) are not available to measure work climate in EHS specifically...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365347/whole-brain-radiotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-newly-diagnosed-multiple-brain-metastases
#14
REVIEW
May N Tsao, Wei Xu, Rebecca Ks Wong, Nancy Lloyd, Normand Laperriere, Arjun Sahgal, Eileen Rakovitch, Edward Chow
BACKGROUND: This is an update to the review published in the Cochrane Library (2012, Issue 4).It is estimated that 20% to 40% of people with cancer will develop brain metastases during the course of their illness. The burden of brain metastases impacts quality and length of survival. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and adverse effects of whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) given alone or in combination with other therapies to adults with newly diagnosed multiple brain metastases...
January 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281697/extracting-coherent-tree-ring-climatic-signals-across-spatial-scales-from-extensive-forest-inventory-data
#15
Louis Duchesne, Loïc D'Orangeville, Rock Ouimet, Daniel Houle, Daniel Kneeshaw
Increasing access to extensively replicated and broadly distributed tree-ring collections has led to a greater use of these large data sets to investigate climate forcing on tree growth. However, the number of chronologies added to large accessible databases is declining and few are updated, while chronologies are often sparsely distributed and are more representative of marginal growing environments. On the other hand, National Forest Inventories (NFI), although poorly replicated at the plot level as compared to classic dendrochronological sampling, contain a large amount of tree-ring data with high spatial density designed to be spatially representative of the forest cover...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280658/-consumption-of-restricted-foods-in-mexican-hypertensive-patients
#16
Julio Alfonso Piña López, José Moral de la Rubia, José Luis Ybarra Sagarduy, Dacia Yurima Camacho Mata, José Luis Masud-Yunes Zárraga
BACKGROUND: Strict adherence to personal health recommendations is necessary to improve the clinical control of arterial hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of the behavior to avoid the "consumption of restricted foods" in a sample of hypertensive patients from Tamaulipas, Mexico. METHOD: Participants were 183 patients with arterial hypertension diagnosis, who completed two self-administered questionnaires and different questions regarding adherence and self-care behaviors...
October 27, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280390/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-15-item-dispositional-resilience-scale
#17
Eun Ko, Hye Young Kim, Paul T Bartone, Hee Sun Kang
This study assessed the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the 15-item Dispositional Resilience Scale (DRS-15) in a sample of Korean adults. In a baseline study conducted in June 2015, the DRS-15, Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), and Korean Resilience Questionnaire-53 (KRQ-53) were administered to 409 Korean adults aged 20-79 years. A 1-year follow-up study was conducted in June 2016, and the CES-D was administered to assess predictive validity. Confirmatory factor analysis identified three dimensions for the DRS-15: commitment, control, and challenge (χ2 /df = 2...
January 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234379/the-instrument-for-measuring-the-implementation-situation-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-guideline-evaluation-and-application
#18
Hui Li, Yangyang Wang, Yaolong Chen, Xiaoyun Wang, Chuanjian Lu, Jingwen Deng
Clinical practice guidelines play an important role in reducing the variations in clinical practices and improving the quality of care. To assess the real effect, measuring its implementation situation is needed. The implementation situation can be reflected by testing the consistency between the actual clinical practice and the guideline. We constructed an instrument to measure the implementation situation of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) guideline through consistency testing. The main objectives of our study were to validate the instrument and evaluate the implementation situation of menopause syndrome guideline of TCM, using the data from the consistency test of comparing the medical records with the guideline...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172874/nfia-deletion-in-myeloid-cells-blocks-expansion-of-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-during-sepsis
#19
Jun Dai, Ajinkya Kumbhare, Danielle A Williams, Dima Youssef, Zhi Q Yao, Charles E McCall, Mohamed El Gazzar
Sepsis-induced immunosuppression increases the risk of chronic infection and reduces survival. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) expand in the bone marrow and spleen during murine polymicrobial sepsis, contributing to immunosuppression. A better understanding of molecular controls of MDSC production is needed to identify treatment targets. We previously reported that miR-21 and miR-181b couple with transcription factor NFI-A to induce MDSCs during murine sepsis. Here, we expand upon these observations by showing that conditional deletion of the Nfia gene in the myeloid lineage precludes MDSC development...
January 2018: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172826/testing-nursing-sensitive-outcomes-in-out-patient-drug-addicts-with-nursing-role-effectiveness-model
#20
Paulo Rosário Carvalho Seabra, José Joaqui Penedos Amendoeira, Luis Octávio Sá
Our aim was to identify factors that contribute to a better outcome in drug users and to understand the effectiveness of nursing interventions, by applying "Nursing Role Effectiveness Model" (NREM). It's a correlational, cross-sectional study with 180 drug users in a methadone program, randomly selected from three community services. We identified that treatment time, lower co-morbidities, less poly-drug use, family support and being employed contribute to a better quality of life, better mental health, less substance addiction consequences and more satisfaction with nursing care (p < 0...
November 27, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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