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Gabriela Salim Xavier Moreira, Luciana Lorenzato, Carmem Beatriz Neufeld, Sebastião Sousa Almeida
The present study developed a Brazilian adaptation of the BAS for young adolescents, testing its factor structure by the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), concurrent and criterion validity, and its internal consistency. Participants were 347 adolescents (171 male and 176 female, aged between 10 and 13 years old). Three psychologists experts in psychological evaluation and three teachers of Portuguese of elementary school also participated for the adaptation stage of the items in order to be properly understood by the sample age group...
June 13, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
W Kerkhoff, R D Stoel, E J A T Mattijssen, C E H Berger, F W Didden, J H Kerstholt
In 2015 and 2016 the Central Unit of the Dutch National Police created and submitted 21 cartridge case comparison tests as real cases to the Netherlands Forensic Institute (NFI), under supervision of the University of Twente (UT). A total of 53 conclusions were drawn in these 21 tests. For 31 conclusions the underlying ground truth was "positive", in the sense that it addressed a cluster of cartridge cases that was fired from the same firearm. For 22 conclusions the ground truth was "negative", in the sense that the cartridge cases were fired from different firearms...
July 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
Hosein Rohani, Mohammad Bidkhori, Ahmad Ali Eslami, Erfan Sadeghi, Ahmad Sadeghi
Background and aim: Worldwide, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevalence has increased. Non-healthful diet is one of the main reasons to T2DM growth. This study aims to determine the efficacy of the health action process approach (HAPA) in explaining healthful diet (HD) in T2DM patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted based on HAPA in Isfahan, Iran between July and December 2015. Participants were recruited by convenience sampling method. HAPA inventory was administered to 203 Isfahan diabetics...
April 2018: Electronic Physician
Gaëtan Le-Bel, Sergio Cortez Ghio, Danielle Larouche, Lucie Germain, Sylvain L Guérin
Electrophoretic mobility shift assays and Western blots are simple, efficient, and rapid methods to study DNA-protein interactions and protein expression, respectively. Primary cultures and subcultures of epithelial cells are widely used for the production of tissue-engineered substitutes and are gaining popularity as a model for gene expression studies. The preservation of stem cells through the culture process is essential to produce high quality substitutes. However, the increase in the number of cell passages is associated with a decrease in their ability to proliferate until senescence is reached...
May 27, 2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Ying Lau, Kin Sun Chan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the internal consistency, reliability, convergent validity, known-group comparisons, and structural validity of the Chinese version of Fear of Intimacy with Helping Professionals (C-FIS-HP) scale in Macau. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used on a sample of 593 older people in 6 health centers. We used Chinese version of Exercise of Self-Care Agency Scale (C-ESCAS) and Morisky 4-item medication adherence scale to evaluate self-care actions and medication adherence...
2018: PloS One
W Brad Smith, Rubí Angélica Cuenca Lara, Carina Edith Delgado Caballero, Carlos Isaías Godínez Valdivia, Joseph S Kapron, Juan Carlos Leyva Reyes, Carmen Lourdes Meneses Tovar, Patrick D Miles, Sonja N Oswalt, Mayra Ramírez Salgado, Xilong Alex Song, Graham Stinson, Sergio Armando Villela Gaytán
Forests cannot be managed sustainably without reliable data to inform decisions. National Forest Inventories (NFI) tend to report national statistics, with sub-national stratification based on domestic ecological classification systems. It is becoming increasingly important to be able to report statistics on ecosystems that span international borders, as global change and globalization expand stakeholders' spheres of concern. The state of a transnational ecosystem can only be properly assessed by examining the entire ecosystem...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Seung Eun Jung, Amy C Ellis, Kristi Crowe-White
To strengthen randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating the efficacy of 100% watermelon juice on vascular function of older women, theory-driven behavioral analysis as well as comparative sensory analysis of the intervention and placebo were conducted. The Theory of Planned Behavior was adopted to assess psychosocial determinants of intention to consume watermelon juice. Sensory attributes were assessed utilizing hedonic scales. Analysis included Structural Equation Modeling with maximum likelihood. The measurement model provided a good fit (x2  = 70...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Inbar Levkovich, Miri Cohen, Shirly Alon, Iryna Kuchuk, Bella Nissenbaum, Ella Evron, Simon Pollack, Georgeta Fried
OBJECTIVES: To examine the nature of the symptom cluster of emotional distress, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties in young and older breast cancer survivors (BCS); To assess the mediating role of subjective stress and coping strategies (emotional control and meaning-focused coping) in the association between age and symptom cluster. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 170 BCS, stages I-III, 1-12 months post-chemotherapy, filled-out the Fatigue, Emotional Control, Meaning-focused Coping, Emotional Distress and the Cognitive Difficulties Questionnaires...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Majid Bagheri Hosseinabadi, Siavash Etemadinezhad, Narges Khanjani, Omran Ahmadi, Hemat Gholinia, Mina Galeshi, Seyed Ehsan Samaei
Background: This study was designed to investigate job satisfaction and its relation to perceived job stress among hospital nurses in Babol County, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 406 female nurses in 6 Babol hospitals. Respondents completed the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), the health and safety executive (HSE) indicator tool and a demographic questionnaire. Descriptive, analytical and structural equation modeling (SEM) analyses were carried out applying SPSS v. 22 and AMOS v...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Manuel Castro-Sánchez, Félix Zurita-Ortega, Ramón Chacón-Cuberos, Carlos Javier López-Gutiérrez, Edson Zafra-Santos
(1) Background: Psychological factors can strongly affect the athletes’ performance. Therefore, currently the role of the sports psychologist is particularly relevant, being in charge of training the athlete’s psychological factors. This study aims at analysing the connections between motivational climate in sport, anxiety and emotional intelligence depending on the type of sport practised (individual/team) by means of a multigroup structural equations analysis. (2) 372 semi-professional Spanish athletes took part in this investigation, analysing motivational climate (PMCSQ-2), emotional intelligence (SSRI) and levels of anxiety (STAI)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Hana Lee, JooHyun Kim
PURPOSE: We develop a unified structural model that defines multi-relationships between systematic factors causing excessive use of smartphones and the corresponding results. METHODS: We conducted a survey with adolescents who live in Seoul, Pusan, Gangneung, Donghae, and Samcheok from Feb. to Mar. 2016. We utilized SPSS Ver. 22 and Amos Ver. 22 to analyze the survey result at a 0.05 significance level. To investigate demographic characteristics of the participants and their variations, we employed descriptive analysis...
March 31, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
Bo Yang, Zhi-Hang Zhou, Li Chen, Xiang Cui, Jun-Yan Hou, Kai-Jie Fan, Si-Hao Han, Peng Li, Shao-Qiong Yi, Yang Liu
The nuclear factor I (NFI) family members, especially NFIA and NFIB, play essential roles in cancers. The roles of NFIA and NFIB in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma (EJA) remain poorly known. This study aimed to determine the expression of NFIA and NFIB in ESCC and EJA and elucidate their prognostic significance. The expression of NFIA and NFIB was examined in 163 ESCC samples and 26 EJA samples by immunohistochemistry. The results showed that high NFIA expression correlated significantly with poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, and advanced TNM stage in patients with ESCC...
May 2018: Cancer Medicine
Stephen A Barwick, Anthony L Henzell, Brad J Walmsley, David J Johnston, Robert G Banks
Methods are presented for including feed intake and efficiency in genetic selection for multiple-trait merit when commercial production is from any combination of pasture or concentrates. Consequences for the production system and for individual animals are illustrated with a beef cattle example. Residual feed intake at pasture (RFI-p), residual feed intake in the feedlot (RFI-f), and cow condition score are additional traits of the breeding objective. Feed requirement change is costed in the economic values of other objective traits...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Kang-Yi Su, Liang-In Lin, Steven D Goodman, Rong-Syuan Yen, Cho-Yuan Wu, Wei-Chen Chang, Ya-Chien Yang, Wern-Cherng Cheng, Woei-Horng Fang
Deamination of adenine can occur spontaneously under physiological conditions to generate the highly mutagenic lesion, deoxyinosine (hypoxanthine deoxyribonucleotide, dI). In DNA, dI preferably pairs with cytosine rather than thymine and results in A:T to G:C transition mutations after DNA replication. The deamination of adenine is enhanced by ROS from exposure of DNA to ionizing radiation, UV light, nitrous acid, or heat. In Escherichia coli, dI repair is initiated by endonuclease V (endo V; nfi gene product) nicking but a complete repair mechanism has yet to be elucidated...
April 2018: DNA Repair
M L Li, P Chen, F H Zeng, Q L Cui, J Zeng, X S Zhao, Z N Li
Objective: To analyze the effect of job characteristics and organizational support for workplace violence, explore the influence path and the theoretical model, and provide a theoretical basis for reducing workplace violence. Methods: Stratified random sampling was used to select 813 medical staff, conductors and bus drivers in Chongqing with a self-made questionnaire to investigate job characteristics, organization attitude toward workplace violence, workplace violence, fear of violence, workplace violence, etc from February to October, 2014...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Flora M Hammond, William Sauve, Fred Ledon, Charles Davis, Andrea E Formella
BACKGROUND: Dextromethorphan 20 mg / quinidine 10 mg (DM/Q) was approved to treat pseudobulbar affect (PBA) based on phase 3 trials conducted in participants with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or multiple sclerosis. PRISM II evaluated DM/Q effectiveness, safety, and tolerability for PBA following stroke, dementia, or traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVE: To report results from the TBI cohort of PRISM II, including a TBI-specific functional scale. DESIGN: Open-label trial evaluating twice-daily DM/Q over 90 days...
February 23, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Mikhail Urbazaev, Christian Thiel, Felix Cremer, Ralph Dubayah, Mirco Migliavacca, Markus Reichstein, Christiane Schmullius
BACKGROUND: Information on the spatial distribution of aboveground biomass (AGB) over large areas is needed for understanding and managing processes involved in the carbon cycle and supporting international policies for climate change mitigation and adaption. Furthermore, these products provide important baseline data for the development of sustainable management strategies to local stakeholders. The use of remote sensing data can provide spatially explicit information of AGB from local to global scales...
February 21, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
Baojin Ding, Paul R Dobner, Debra Mullikin-Kilpatrick, Wei Wang, Hong Zhu, Chi-Wing Chow, John W Cave, Richard M Gronostajski, Daniel L Kilpatrick
We show that BDNF regulates the timing of neurodevelopment via a novel mechanism of extranuclear sequestration of NFATc4 in Golgi. This leads to accelerated derepression of an NFI temporal occupancy gene program in cerebellar granule cells that includes Bdnf itself, revealing an autoregulatory loop within the program driven by BDNF and NFATc4.
April 15, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Melissa B McPeak, Dima Youssef, Danielle A Williams, Christopher Pritchett, Zhi Q Yao, Charles E McCall, Mohamed El Gazzar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Infection and Immunity
Montserrat Román-Cereto, Silvia García-Mayor, Shakira Kaknani-Uttumchandani, Marina García-Gámez, Alvaro León-Campos, Eloisa Fernández-Ordóñez, Maria Luisa Ruiz-García, C Martí-García, Inmaculada López-Leiva, Kathie Lasater, José Miguel Morales-Asencio
BACKGROUND: The clinical judgment and decision-making abilities of nurses can influence many health outcomes, hence the importance of addressing these qualities in university studies. In this respect, clinical simulation is a commonly employed teaching method. The evaluation of simulation activities requires standardised instruments, such as the Lasater Clinical Judgment Rubric, which is widely used for this purpose, although a culturally adapted and validated version in Spain is not available...
May 2018: Nurse Education Today
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