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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575788/acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-randomized-study-of-tidal-peritoneal-dialysis-versus-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#1
Abdullah Al-Hwiesh, Ibrahiem Abdul-Rahman, Fredric Finkelstein, Jose Divino-Filho, Hatem Qutub, Nadia Al-Audah, Abdalla Abdelrahman, Nazeeh El-Fakhrany, Mohammed Nasr El-Din, Tamer El-Salamony, Abdulsalam Noor, Mohammed Al-Shahrani, Khalid Al-Otaibi
Few studies have discussed the role of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in managing acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients. The present study compares the outcome of AKI in intensive care unit (ICU) patients randomized to treatment with tidal PD (TPD) or continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF). One hundred and twenty-five ICU patients with AKI were randomly allotted to CVVHDF, (Group A, N = 62) or TPD, (group B, N = 63). Cause and severity of renal injury were assessed at the time of initiating dialysis...
March 25, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232669/implication-of-haemodiafiltration-flow-rate-on-amikacin-pharmacokinetic-parameters-in-critically-ill-patients
#2
Jesús Ruiz-Ramos, Esther Villarreal, Mónica Gordon, María Martin-Cerezula, Maria Jesús Broch, María Remedios Marqués, Jose Luis Poveda, Álvaro Castellanos-Ortega, Paula Ramírez
BACKGROUND: To analyse the effect of haemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) flow rate on amikacin pharmacokinetics and blood concentrations. METHODS: Prospective observational study. Patients receiving CVVHDF and amikacin treatment were included. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using Bayesian analysis. Spearman correlation test was used in order to assess the influence of CVVHDF flux on amikacin minimum concentration (Cmin) and plasma clearance. RESULTS: Thirty patients undergoing CVVHDF procedures were included...
2018: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089189/metformin-intoxication-vasopressin-s-key-role-in-the-management-of-severe-lactic-acidosis
#3
Francesca Galiero, Giovanni Consani, Gianni Biancofiore, Stefano Ruschi, Francesco Forfori
Vasopressin is a potent vasopressor used for improving organ perfusion during cardiac arrest, septic and catecholamine-resistant shock; with reference to this, it is useful for the treatment of vasoplegic shock because, restoring organ perfusion pressure by contraction of vascular smooth muscle through a non-catecholamine receptor pathway, it can be employed when catecholamines are ineffective. A 49-yr-old woman was admitted to the Emergency Department after having intentionally taken 95.2g of metformin, 1...
February 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988498/2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic-acid-mcpa-and-bromoxynil-herbicide-ingestion
#4
Angela L Chiew, Colin B Page, David Clancy, Ahmed Mostafa, Michael S Roberts, Geoffrey K Isbister
CONTEXT: Ingestion of bromoxynil and 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) in combination is associated with high mortality. Toxicity is characterised by hyperthermia and metabolic acidosis. Dialysis is a proposed treatment, but little data exist regarding its effectiveness. CASE DETAILS: Case 1: A 50-year-old female presented 18 h post-ingestion of 200  mL of bromoxynil(200 g/L) and MCPA(200 g/L). She was agitated, tachycardic and tachypnoeic. She was intubated and continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) was commenced...
May 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700186/-the-treatment-of-aki-in-nephrology-hospitalization-the-sle-hdf-15-litres-in-10-hours
#5
Marcello Napoli, Maria Luisa Lefons, Giovanni Sandri, Efisio Sozzo, Carmela Ambrosino
The AKI in intensive care has been widely treated by international and national guidelines. The treatment of AKI in patients not requiring admission in Intensive Care Unit, but often hospitalized in Nephrology Unit, it is showed of less relevance. For over 5 years we have used for the treatment of AKI of patients admitted in Nephrology Unit an intermittent slow technique, implemented in approximately 600 patients with AKI for a total of about 3000 treatments. In this study we report the clinical results obtained in 100 consecutive patients referred to our Nephrology Unit from 1st January 2014...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676904/differences-in-cvvh-vs-cvvhdf-in-the-management-of-sepsis-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-patients
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Vedran Premuzic, Nikolina Basic-Jukic, Bojan Jelakovic, Petar Kes
We hypothesized that patients with sepsis and AKI, especially patients without preserved renal function, and treated with continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF), have lower risk for mortality than patients treated with continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH). Patients were included if they fulfilled the diagnosis of severe sepsis or septic shock, suffered AKI and received continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in intensive care unit. There were 62 patients treated by CVVH and 75 treated by CVVHDF...
December 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665446/first-experience-on-bilirubin-removal-with-a-hemoadsorption-column-lixelle%C3%A2-in-a-child-with-cardiogenic-liver-injury
#7
Gabriella Bottari, Andrea Moscatelli, Enrico E Verrina, Franco Lerzo, Fabio S Taccone
INTRODUCTION: Hyperbilirubinemia may have deleterious effects on many organs, even after the neonatal age. Blood purification is effective in the treatment of hyperbilirubinemia. Recently some reports suggest the potential role of hemoadsorption columns in this setting. METHODS: We present the case of a 6-year-old child with severe hyperbilirubinemia due to congestive liver dysfunction, complicated by persistent inflammation, immunosuppression and catabolism syndrome (PICS)...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482383/-efficacy-of-continuous-blood-purification-in-treatment-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis-in-children
#8
Y Zhu, Y Cui, Y C Zhang, H J Miao, F Wang, R X Chen, Q F Rong
Objective: To explore the therapeutic role of bedside continuous blood purification(CBP) in children with severe acute pancreatitis(SAP). Method: The clinical and laboratory data of 11 children with SAP who were admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of Shanghai Children's Hospital from June 2013 to May 2016 were analyzed, including using pediatric critical illness score (PCIS) and pediatric risk of score mortality (PRISM)-Ⅲ score to assessing the severity of the disease.For those patients with severe organ dysfunction, CBP treatment was used when conventional therapy was not efficient...
May 4, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380442/monocytes-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-metabolomics-in-dogs-with-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-treated-by-continuous-venovenous-hemodiafiltration
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yun-Peng Xu, Xiao-Lu Sui, Ai-Sha Zhang, Lei Ye, Feng-Juan Gu, Ji-Hong Chen
OBJECTIVES: We tried to investigate the mechanism of continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) treatment in monocytes function, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling pathways, metabolomics and histopathological changes of MODS dogs, and aimed to enhance the understanding of pathogenesis and provide novel avenues to potential therapies. METHODS: 12 male Beagle dogs were used to develop the stable models of MODS by using hemorrhagic shock plus resuscitation and endotoxemia, and assigned randomly to CVVHDF group (n=6) and MODS group (n=6)...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105119/clinical-observation-on-the-treatment-of-acute-liver-failure-by-combined-non-biological-artificial-liver
#10
Maoqin Li, Jingxi Sun, Jiaqiong Li, Zaixiang Shi, Jiyuan Xu, Bo Lu, Shuli Cheng, Yanjun Xu, Xiaomeng Wang, Xianjiang Zhang
The clinical efficacy and safety of different combinations of non-bio artificial liver in the treatment of acute liver failure was examined. A total of 61 cases were selected under blood purification treatment from the patients with severe acute liver failure admitted to the severe disease department of the hospital from December, 2010 to December, 2015. Three types of artificial liver combinations were observed, i.e., plasma exchange plus hemoperfusion plus continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (PE+HP+CVVHDF), PE+CVVHDF and HP+CVVHDF...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698760/part-of-plasmapheresis-with-plasma-filtration-adsorption-combined-with-continuous-hemodiafiltration-in-the-treatment-of-severe-acute-liver-failure
#11
Maoqin Li, Zhidong Wang, Yining Wang, Changhong Du, Songhai Li, Zaixiang Shi, Bo Lu
The present study is a retrospective analysis of 11 cases with severe acute liver failure combined with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) performed during the period June, 2012 to December, 2014. After part of plasmapheresis with plasma filtration adsorption combined with continuous hemodiafiltration treatment, good curative effects were obtained and the main clinical symptoms and biochemical index were significantly improved. Following treatment, 8 of the 11 patients survived at a survival rate of 72...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536658/continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-for-acute-renal-failure-in-patients-with-cancer-a-well-tolerated-adjunct-treatment
#12
Rebecca Fischler, Anne-Pascale Meert, Jean-Paul Sculier, Thierry Berghmans
INTRODUCTION: Acute renal failure (ARF) has a poor prognosis in patients with cancer requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Our aim is finding prognostic factors for hospital mortality in patients with cancer with ARF requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT). METHODS: In this retrospective study, all patients with cancer with ARF treated with continuous venovenous filtration (CVVHDF) in the ICU of the Institut Jules Bordet, between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2012, were included...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474468/challenge-for-higher-colistin-dosage-in-critically-ill-patients-receiving-continuous-venovenous-haemodiafiltration
#13
Ilias Karaiskos, Lena E Friberg, Lambrini Galani, Konstantinos Ioannidis, Emmanouela Katsouda, Zoe Athanassa, Harris Paskalis, Helen Giamarellou
Traditionally, reduced daily doses of colistin methanesulphonate (CMS) in critically ill patients receiving continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) have resulted in suboptimal colistin concentrations. The necessity of a loading dose (LD) at treatment initiation has been proposed. A LD of 9 million IU (MU) [ca. 270 mg of colistin base activity (CBA)] was administrated with a maintenance dose of 4.5 MU (ca. 140 mg CBA) every 12 h (q12h) to eight critically ill patients receiving renal replacement therapy...
September 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338750/a-retrospective-review-of-fluid-balance-control-in-crrt
#14
Hugh Davies, Gavin D Leslie, David Morgan
INTRODUCTION: An effect of severe acute kidney injury (AKI) is the development of oliguria and subsequent retention of fluid. Recent studies have reported an association between fluid overload and increased mortality in critically ill patients. Achieving fluid balance control through haemofiltration is an important part of dialysis dose delivery in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). AIMS: (1) Compare the prescribed dose with the delivered dose of dialysis and haemofiltration for CRRT...
November 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126739/we-use-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-for-overdoses-and-intoxications
#15
Valerie Jorge Cabrera, Anushree C Shirali
Extracorporeal modalities for the removal of drugs and toxins are indicated for the treatment of overdoses and intoxications. Well-established modalities include hemodialysis (HD), high-flux HD (HfD), and charcoal hemoperfusion (HP). Recently, there have been increasing reports on the use of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), such as continuous veno-venous hemodialysis (CVVHD), continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) or CVVH combined with dialysis (CVVHDF). In the present article, we will discuss the various factors that determine the clearance of drugs and toxins and accordingly, we will propose that with few exceptions, CRRT does not have a role in the routine management of intoxications...
July 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070353/efficacy-of-two-combinations-of-blood-purification-techniques-for-the-treatment-of-multiple-organ-failure-induced-by-wasp-stings
#16
Hai Yuan, Shuangqin Chen, Fengqi Hu, Qi Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the clinical efficacy of 2 combinations of blood purification techniques in patients with sting venom-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). METHODS: A total of 23 patients received 35 sessions of hemoperfusion (HP) + continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) treatment and 22 sessions of plasma exchange (PE) + CVVHDF treatment, respectively. RESULTS: Both HP + CVVHDF and PE + CVVHDF reduced the levels of inflammation, thus improving our patients' health condition...
2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051575/successful-treatment-of-a-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-carrying-bla-oxa-48-bla-vim-2-bla-cmy-2-and-bla-shv-with-high-dose-combination-of-imipenem-and-amikacin
#17
Zied Hajjej, Hedi Gharsallah, Habiba Naija, Ilhem Boutiba, Iheb Labbene, Mustapha Ferjani
We describe a case of 58-year-old man with septic shock due to Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-Kp) bloodstream infections (BSI) who was successfully treated with a high dose association of amikacin and imipenem combined with continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF). A Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp) was isolated from the catheter culture and from two blood samples, drawn from the catheter before removal and from a peripheral vein. The Kp was intermediate to Amikacin (MIC = 16 μg/ml) and was resistant to all other antibiotics including Imipenem (MIC = 4 μg/ml), Colistin (MIC = 16 μg/ml) and Tigecycline (MIC = 4 μg/ml) according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) published in 2011...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012450/ceftolozane-tazobactam-pharmacokinetics-in-a-critically-ill-adult-receiving-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#18
Derek N Bremmer, David P Nicolau, Pam Burcham, Anil Chunduri, Ganesh Shidham, Karri A Bauer
Limited data are available on ceftolozane/tazobactam dosing in patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Thus we performed a pharmacokinetic analysis of intravenous ceftolozane/tazobactam in a critically ill patient receiving CRRT at our medical center. A 47-year-old critically ill man with multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia, bacteremia, and osteomyelitis was receiving ceftolozane/tazobactam 3 g (ceftolozane 2 g/tazobactam 1 g) every 8 hours while receiving continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF)...
May 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998605/continuous-venovenous-hemodiafiltration-in-the-treatment-of-maple-syrup-urine-disease
#19
Demet Demirkol, Güntülü Şık, Nilüfer Topal, Agop Çıtak, Çigdem Zeybek, Abdülhamit Tüten, Ilmay Bilge
BACKGROUND: The study aims to define the efficacy of continuous renal replacement therapy in acute metabolic decompensation treatment of maple syrup urine disease (MSUD). METHODS: All the neonates, infants and children who have had life threatening conditions due to MSUD and were treated with continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Fourteen patients underwent 15 sessions of CVVHDF (age range 15 days to 87 months, mean 40...
2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949936/electrolytes-enriched-hemodiafiltration-solutions-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-acute-kidney-injury-a-crossover-study
#20
Noemie Besnard, Marianne Serveaux, Sonia Machado, Delphine Daubin, Vincent Brunot, Laurent Amigues, Liliane Landreau, Olivier Jonquet, Kada Klouche
AIMS: To evaluate the capability of an electrolytes-enriched solution to prevent metabolic disorders during continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF). METHODS: Serum biochemistry and clinical tolerance were compared during CVVHDF treatments with an electrolyte-enriched (Phoxilium) or standard solutions in 10 acute renal failure patients. RESULTS: As compared to standard fluids, serum potassium and phosphate levels were maintained in the normal range with Phoxilium without any supplementation but total serum calcium levels were significantly lower...
2016: Blood Purification
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