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Acat1 tnf

Se-Hee Son, Young-Hwa Goo, Benny H Chang, Antoni Paul
Interventions on macrophages/foam cells to redirect intracellular cholesterol towards efflux pathways could become a very valuable addition to our therapeutic arsenal against atherosclerosis. However, certain manipulations of the cholesteryl ester cycle, such as the inhibition of ACAT1, an ER-resident enzyme that re-esterifies cholesterol, are not well tolerated. Previously we showed that targeting perilipin-2 (PLIN2), a major lipid droplet (LD)-associated protein in macrophages, prevents foam cell formation and protects against atherosclerosis...
2012: PloS One
Lei Lei, Ying Xiong, Jia Chen, Jin-Bo Yang, Yi Wang, Xin-Ying Yang, Catherine C Y Chang, Bao-Liang Song, Ta-Yuan Chang, Bo-Liang Li
High levels of the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are present in atherosclerotic lesions. TNF-alpha regulates expression of multiple genes involved in various stages of atherosclerosis, and it exhibits proatherosclerotic and antiatherosclerotic properties. ACAT catalyzes the formation of cholesteryl esters (CE) in monocytes/macrophages, and it promotes the foam cell formation at the early stage of atherosclerosis. We hypothesize that TNF-alpha may be involved in regulating the ACAT gene expression in monocytes/macrophages...
June 2009: Journal of Lipid Research
Ping He, Bei Cheng, Yi Wang, Hongxing Wang
In order to explore the effect and mechanisms of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on the activity of the acyl coenzyme A: cholesteryl acyltransferase (ACAT), THP-1 monocytes were cultured and induced to differentiate into macrophages with phorbol ester. TNF-alpha (60 ng/mL) was added at different time points into the macrophage-containing medium and the ACAT enzyme activity was measured by quantifying the incorporation of [1-(14)C] oleoyl CoA into cholesteryl esters. The expression of ACAT-1 protein and mRNA was respectively detected by Western blotting and RT-PCR in THP-1 macrophages 24 h after treatment with TNF-alpha (60 ng/mL)...
April 2007: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
G Chinetti, S Lestavel, J-C Fruchart, V Clavey, B Staels
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is a nuclear receptor activated by fatty acid derivatives and hypolipidemic drugs of the fibrate class. PPARalpha is expressed in monocytes, macrophages, and foam cells, suggesting a role for this receptor in macrophage lipid homeostasis with consequences for atherosclerosis development. Recently, it was shown that PPARalpha activation promotes cholesterol efflux from macrophages via induction of the ABCA1 pathway. In the present study, the influence of PPARalpha activators on intracellular cholesterol homeostasis was investigated...
February 7, 2003: Circulation Research
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