Read by QxMD icon Read

Acat1 tnf

T Xu, F C Cardoso, A Pineda, E Trevisi, X Shen, F Rosa, J S Osorio, J J Loor
Long-term feeding of high-grain diets to dairy cows often results in systemic inflammation characterized by alterations in acute-phase proteins and other biomarkers, both in plasma and immune-responsive tissues like the liver. The molecular and systemic changes that characterize an acute grain feeding challenge remain unclear. The current study involved 6 Holstein and 6 Jersey cows in a replicated 2 × 2 Latin square. Periods (10 d) were divided into 4 stages (S): S1, d 1 to 3, served as baseline with total mixed ration (TMR) ad libitum; S2, d 4, served as restricted feeding, with cows offered 50% of the average daily intake observed in S1; S3, d 5, a grain challenge was performed, in which cows were fed a TMR ad libitum without (CON) or with an additional pellet wheat-barley (1:1; HIG) at 20% of dry matter intake top-dressed onto the TMR; S4, d 6 to 10, served as recovery during which cows were allowed ad libitum access to the TMR...
November 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Se-Hee Son, Young-Hwa Goo, Benny H Chang, Antoni Paul
Interventions on macrophages/foam cells to redirect intracellular cholesterol towards efflux pathways could become a very valuable addition to our therapeutic arsenal against atherosclerosis. However, certain manipulations of the cholesteryl ester cycle, such as the inhibition of ACAT1, an ER-resident enzyme that re-esterifies cholesterol, are not well tolerated. Previously we showed that targeting perilipin-2 (PLIN2), a major lipid droplet (LD)-associated protein in macrophages, prevents foam cell formation and protects against atherosclerosis...
2012: PloS One
Lei Lei, Ying Xiong, Jia Chen, Jin-Bo Yang, Yi Wang, Xin-Ying Yang, Catherine C Y Chang, Bao-Liang Song, Ta-Yuan Chang, Bo-Liang Li
High levels of the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are present in atherosclerotic lesions. TNF-alpha regulates expression of multiple genes involved in various stages of atherosclerosis, and it exhibits proatherosclerotic and antiatherosclerotic properties. ACAT catalyzes the formation of cholesteryl esters (CE) in monocytes/macrophages, and it promotes the foam cell formation at the early stage of atherosclerosis. We hypothesize that TNF-alpha may be involved in regulating the ACAT gene expression in monocytes/macrophages...
June 2009: Journal of Lipid Research
Ping He, Bei Cheng, Yi Wang, Hongxing Wang
In order to explore the effect and mechanisms of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on the activity of the acyl coenzyme A: cholesteryl acyltransferase (ACAT), THP-1 monocytes were cultured and induced to differentiate into macrophages with phorbol ester. TNF-alpha (60 ng/mL) was added at different time points into the macrophage-containing medium and the ACAT enzyme activity was measured by quantifying the incorporation of [1-(14)C] oleoyl CoA into cholesteryl esters. The expression of ACAT-1 protein and mRNA was respectively detected by Western blotting and RT-PCR in THP-1 macrophages 24 h after treatment with TNF-alpha (60 ng/mL)...
April 2007: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
G Chinetti, S Lestavel, J-C Fruchart, V Clavey, B Staels
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is a nuclear receptor activated by fatty acid derivatives and hypolipidemic drugs of the fibrate class. PPARalpha is expressed in monocytes, macrophages, and foam cells, suggesting a role for this receptor in macrophage lipid homeostasis with consequences for atherosclerosis development. Recently, it was shown that PPARalpha activation promotes cholesterol efflux from macrophages via induction of the ABCA1 pathway. In the present study, the influence of PPARalpha activators on intracellular cholesterol homeostasis was investigated...
February 7, 2003: Circulation Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"