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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471523/liver-transcriptomic-and-plasma-metabolomic-profiles-of-fattening-lambs-are-modified-by-feed-restriction-during-the-suckling-period
#1
A Santos, F J Giráldez, E Trevisi, L Lucini, J Frutos, S Andrés
The increasing world population is driving demand for improved efficiency of feed resources of livestock. However, the molecular mechanisms behind various feed efficiency traits and their regulation by nutrition remain poorly understood. Here we aimed to identify differentially expressed (DE) genes in the liver tissues of fattening Merino lambs and differences in metabolites accumulated in plasma to identify modified metabolic pathways as a consequence of milk restriction during the suckling period. Twenty-four male Merino lambs (4...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471384/increased-bmi-in-children-an-indicator-for-less-compliance-during-orthodontic-treatment-with-removable-appliances
#2
Julia von Bremen, Nathalie Lorenz, Björn Ludwig, Sabine Ruf
Aim: To assess whether or not childhood overweight is associated with lower levels of compliance during orthodontic therapy with removable appliances. Materials and methods: Starting in 2011, all upper expansion plates and Sander II appliances were equipped with a Theramon® microsensor chip to assess appliance wear time objectively. According to their pre-treatment, BMI normal weight patients were matched to consecutively treated overweight or obese patients by gender, age, and appliance type...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471136/post-weaning-piglets-fed-with-different-levels-of-fungal-mycotoxins-and-spray-dried-porcine-plasma-have-improved-weight-gain-feed-intake-and-reduced-diarrhea-incidence
#3
Lucieli Kamila Focht Müller, Diovani Paiano, Jeferson Gugel, William Raphael Lorenzetti, Janio Morais Santurio, Fernando de Castro Tavernari, Eduardo Micotti da Gloria, Matheus D Baldissera, Aleksandro Schafer Da Silva
Mycotoxins are responsible for economic losses in the swine production industry, especially during post-weaning, when piglets are physiologically immature. Spray-dried porcine plasma (SDPP), added to pig diets, may help reduce losses due to mycotoxins. This work investigates the effects of SDPP in post-weaning piglets fed with diets containing natural contaminants or with more contaminants (co-contamination by mycotoxins). Fifty-six castrated weaned piglets were used in a randomized 2 (0 and 6% of SDPP) x 2 (natural contamination or co-contamination with mycotoxin) factorial design, with seven experimental units of two piglets each...
February 19, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471017/moderate-effects-of-noninvasive-brain-stimulation-of-the-frontal-cortex-for-improving-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
André Aleman, Stefanie Enriquez-Geppert, Henderikus Knegtering, Jozarni J Dlabac-de Lange
BACKGROUND: Negative symptoms in schizophrenia concern a clinically relevant reduction of goal-directed behavior that strongly and negatively impacts daily functioning. Existing treatments are of marginal effect and novel approaches are needed. Noninvasive neurostimulation by means of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) are novel approaches that may hold promise. OBJECTIVES: To provide a quantitative integration of the published evidence regarding effects of rTMS and tDCS over the frontal cortex on negative symptoms, including an analysis of effects of sham stimulation...
February 19, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469930/psychometric-properties-of-the-brief-loss-of-control-over-eating-scale-loces-b-in-early-adolescents
#5
Anna Vannucci, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the brief loss of control over eating scale (LOCES-B) in a community sample of adolescents. METHOD: Participants were 1,116 adolescents (11-15 years; 53% girls; 53% non-Hispanic White) recruited from middle schools in the Northeast United States. Participants were administered self-report surveys during school in the fall of 2016. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the LOCES-B total score was unidimensional, which was invariant across gender and weight status...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469802/nail-or-plate-in-the-management-of-distal-extra-articular-tibial-fracture-what-is-better-valutation-of-outcomes
#6
Michele Bisaccia, Andrea Cappiello, Luigi Meccariello, Giuseppe Rinonapoli, Gabriele Falzarano, Antonio Medici, Cristina Ibáñez Vicente, Luigi Piscitelli, Verdiana Stano, Olga Bisaccia, Auro Caraffa
INTRODUCTION: Distal tibial fractures are the most common long bone fractures. Several studies focusing on the methods of treatment of displaced distal tibial fractures have been published. To date, locked plates, intramedullary nails and external fixation are the three most used techniques. The aim of our study was to compare intramedullary nail (IMN) and locked plate (LP) for treatment of this kind of fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected data on 81 patients with distal tibial fractures (distance from the joint between 40 and 100 mm) and we divided into two groups: IMN and LP...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468742/dog-introduction-alters-the-home-dust-microbiota
#7
Alexandra Sitarik, Suzanne Havstad, Albert Levin, Susan V Lynch, Kei Fujimura, Dennis Ownby, Christine Johnson, Ganesa Wegienka
Research has largely reported that dog exposure is associated with reduced allergic disease risk. Responsible mechanism(s) are not understood. The goal was to investigate whether introducing a dog into the home changes the home's dust microbiota. Families without dogs or cats planning to adopt a dog and those who were not were recruited. Dust samples were collected from the homes at recruitment and 12 months later. Microbiota composition and taxa (V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene) were compared between homes that did and did not adopt a dog...
February 22, 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468711/estimating-recurrence-and-incidence-of-preterm-birth-subject-to-measurement-error-in-gestational-age-a-hidden-markov-modeling-approach
#8
Paul S Albert
Prediction of preterm birth as well as characterizing the etiological factors affecting both the recurrence and incidence of preterm birth (defined as gestational age at birth ≤ 37 wk) are important problems in obstetrics. The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) consecutive pregnancy study recently examined this question by collecting data on a cohort of women with at least 2 pregnancies over a fixed time interval. Unfortunately, measurement error due to the dating of conception may induce sizable error in computing gestational age at birth...
February 21, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468378/achalasia-patients-are-at-nutritional-risk-regardless-of-presenting-weight-category
#9
Carolyn Newberry, Ravy K Vajravelu, Octavia Pickett-Blakely, Gary Falk, Yu Xiao Yang, Kristle L Lynch
BACKGROUND: Achalasia is an esophageal motor disorder that leads to swallowing dysfunction and weight loss. Nutritional risk in achalasia patients is not well defined. AIMS: The aims of this study were to define baseline body mass index (BMI), changes in weight, and nutritional risk over time in a large cohort of achalasia patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of achalasia patients at a tertiary care center with documented BMI, symptom severity as per Eckardt score, and nutritional risk assessment as per the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, which considers BMI, degree of recent weight loss, and acuity of disease...
February 22, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468090/the-role-of-bmi-in-hip-fracture-surgery
#10
Sheriff D Akinleye, Garret Garofolo, Maya Deza Culbertson, Peter Homel, Orry Erez
Introduction: Obesity is an oft-cited cause of surgical morbidity and many institutions require extensive supplementary screening for obese patients prior to surgical intervention. However, in the elderly patients, obesity has been described as a protective factor. This article set out to examine the effect of body mass index (BMI) on outcomes and morbidity after hip fracture surgery. Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for all patients undergoing 1 of 4 surgical procedures to manage hip fracture between 2008 and 2012...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468068/a-case-report-of-thrombosed-varicosities-of-pubic-collateral-veins-ideal-treatment-strategy-and-contribution-of-era-imaging-technologies-in-diagnosis
#11
Daniel Paramythiotis, Patroklos Goulas, Petros Bangeas, Argiris Giannopoulos, Kostantinos Kapoulas, Vasileios Rafailidis, Georgios Papadopoulos, Kiriakos Ktenidis, Anna Kalogera-Fountzila, Antonis Michalopoulos
Collateral circulation is an alternative path occurring in case of venous or artery obstruction. This path may usually develop after primary recanalization. In our case, a 62-year-old woman presented to our Emergency Department complaining about a suprapubic swelling with a cyanotic discoloration of the overlying skin for the past 10 days for which she had been previously prescribed antibiotics. Investigation with ultrasound and contrast-enhanced computed tomography was performed. An imaging study revealed thrombosed pubic varicose collateral veins due to deep vein obstruction and occlusion of the left external iliac vein...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467787/the-effect-of-grain-position-on-genetic-improvement-of-grain-number-and-thousand-grain-weight-in-winter-wheat-in-north-china
#12
Fan Feng, Yunliang Han, Shengnan Wang, Shaojing Yin, Zhenyu Peng, Min Zhou, Wenqi Gao, Xiaoxia Wen, Xiaoliang Qin, Kadambot H M Siddique
Genetic improvements have significantly contributed to wheat production. Five wheat cultivars-widely grown in north China in the 1950s, 1990s, or 2010s-were grown in field experiments conducted in the 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 growing seasons. This study evaluated the genetic progress in wheat grain yield and its related traits in north China and explored how breeding and selection have influenced grain numbers and weights within spikelets in the past 60 years. The results showed that the significant increases in grain yield in the past 60 years were mainly due to increases in grain number per spike and grain weight, while spike number per m2 has not changed significantly...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467572/prevalence-of-geriatric-syndromes-among-people-aged-65-years-and-older-at-four-community-clinics-in-moscow
#13
Olga N Tkacheva, Nadezda K Runikhina, Valentina S Ostapenko, Natalia V Sharashkina, Elen A Mkhitaryan, Julia S Onuchina, Sergei N Lysenkov, Nikolai N Yakhno, Yan Press
Background: Geriatric syndromes (GSs) are common in older adults and have a significant effect on their quality of life, disability, and use of health care resources. Few studies have assessed the prevalence of GSs in Russia. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of GSs among older adults living in the community in Moscow. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in four community clinics in Moscow. A total of 1,220 patients completed a screening questionnaire, and 356 of them also underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467433/trend-and-risk-factors-of-low-birth-weight-and-macrosomia-in-south-china-2005-2017-a-retrospective-observational-study
#14
Jiaming Rao, Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Dongxin Lin, Huishan Zhang, Shaoxin Ye, Xin Luo, Lijuan Wang, Jianwei Yang, Minhui Pang, Jiayi Zhang, Qing Xia, Xiaoke Yang, Wen Wang, Yao Fu, Yan Liu, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
The percentages of low birth weight (LBW) increased from 7.7% in 2005 to 11.3% in 2011 and declined to 8.1% in 2017. For very low birth weight (VLBW) individuals, the proportion declined -1.0% annually, from 2.5% in 2005 to 1.4% in 2017. Among moderately low birth weight (MLBW) individuals, the proportion first increased 12.8% annually, from 5.0% in 2005 to 9.3% in 2011, and then declined -3.8% annually, from 9.4% in 2011 to 7.0% in 2017. The percentages of macrosomia monotone decreased from 4.0% in 2005 to 2...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467134/nhs-diabetes-prevention-programme-in-england-formative-evaluation-of-the-programme-in-early-phase-implementation
#15
Linda Penn, Angela Rodrigues, Anna Haste, Marta M Marques, Kirsten Budig, Kirby Sainsbury, Ruth Bell, Vera Araújo-Soares, Martin White, Carolyn Summerbell, Elizabeth Goyder, Alan Brennan, Ashley J Adamson, Falko F Sniehotta
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the demonstrator phase and first wave roll-out of the National Health Service (NHS) Diabetes Prevention Programme (DPP) in England. To examine: (1) intervention design, provision and fidelity assessment procedures; (2) risk assessment and recruitment pathways and (3) data collection for monitoring and evaluation. To provide recommendations informing decision makers on programme quality, improvements and future evaluation. DESIGN: We reviewed programme documents, mapping against the NHS DPP specification and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) public health guideline: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevention in people at high risk (PH38), conducted qualitative research using individual interviews and focus group discussions with stakeholders and examined recruitment, fidelity and data collection procedures...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466796/changes-in-dietary-patterns-and-the-nutritional-status-in-men-in-the-metallurgical-industry-in-poland-over-a-21-year-period
#16
Angelika Edyta Charkiewicz, Jacek Jamiołkowski, Bartosz Pędziński, Michalina Krzyżak, Dominik Maślach, Andrzej Szpak, Wioleta Justyna Omeljaniuk
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study was carried out to evaluate the changes in the eating habits and lipid parameters in a 21-year follow-up on a group of 435 men living in Poland. METHODS: The studied population was composed of the same subjects: a group of men who were first studied in the years 1987-1989 and in 2008-2010. The following data was gathered: body mass, body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride concentration in blood serum...
February 21, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466641/-basic-biological-parameters-for-pseudocurimata-lineopunctata-characiformes-curimatidae-conservation-in-the-anchicay%C3%A3-river-of-the-cauca-valley-colombia
#17
Sandra Lamouroux-López, Merling López, Héctor Flores
Pseudocurimata lineopunctata represents an important nutritional source for local human communities in Colombia and Ecuador. Although the yearly catch of this fish is low (590 kg/year), there are no restrictions on minimum size, and this species is categorized as vulnerable with moderate extinction risk by the Regional Autonomous Corporation of the Cauca Valley (Colombia). To support conservation programs, biological data of the target species are required. Therefore, the aims of this study were to describe the sex ratio, distribution, size to weight ratio, macroscopic stages of reproductive maturity, fecundity, and size at first sexual maturity for P...
March 2017: Revista de Biología Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466592/effect-of-low-fat-vs-low-carbohydrate-diet-on-12-month-weight-loss-in-overweight-adults-and-the-association-with-genotype-pattern-or-insulin-secretion-the-dietfits-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Christopher D Gardner, John F Trepanowski, Liana C Del Gobbo, Michelle E Hauser, Joseph Rigdon, John P A Ioannidis, Manisha Desai, Abby C King
Importance: Dietary modification remains key to successful weight loss. Yet, no one dietary strategy is consistently superior to others for the general population. Previous research suggests genotype or insulin-glucose dynamics may modify the effects of diets. Objective: To determine the effect of a healthy low-fat (HLF) diet vs a healthy low-carbohydrate (HLC) diet on weight change and if genotype pattern or insulin secretion are related to the dietary effects on weight loss...
February 20, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465705/non-vaccine-type-hpv-prevalence-after-vaccine-introduction-no-evidence-for-type-replacement-but-evidence-for-cross-protection
#19
Mónica Saccucci, Eduardo L Franco, Lili Ding, David I Bernstein, Darron Brown, Jessica A Kahn
BACKGROUND: We examined non-vaccine-type HPV prevalence in a community before and over the first eight years after vaccine introduction, to assess for 1) type replacement with any non-vaccine type HPV and 2) cross-protection with non-vaccine types genetically related to vaccine-type HPV. METHODS: Sexually experienced 13-26-year-old women were recruited for three cross-sectional studies from 2006-2014 (N=1180). Outcome variables were: 1) prevalence of ≥ 1 of 32 anogenital non-vaccine-type HPVs and 2) prevalence of ≥ 1 HPV type genetically related to HPV16 and HPV18...
October 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464781/physicochemical-stability-and-sterility-of-standard-parenteral-nutrition-solutions-and-simulated-y-site-admixtures-for-neonates
#20
Pau Riera, Gemma Garrido-Alejos, Joana Cardenete, Elisenda Moliner, Edgar Zapico-Muñiz, Daniel Cardona, Noe Garin
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is frequently needed in neonatal intensive care. The use of standard PN has emerged as an easy-to-prescribe approach that allows one to have on-site, ready-to-use PN. The aim of this study was to test the physicochemical stability and sterility of 2 specific PN solutions as well as simulate Y-site compatibility with lipid injectable emulsions (ILE). METHODS: Our study considered 2 standard ILE-free PN solutions according to neonatal weight...
February 21, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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