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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677688/relating-shape-weight-based-self-esteem-depression-and-anxiety-with-weight-and-perceived-physical-health-among-young-adults
#1
Rebecca C Kamody, Idia B Thurston, Kristina M Decker, Caroline C Kaufman, Kendrin R Sonneville, Tracy K Richmond
Simultaneous contributions of self-esteem, depression, and anxiety to weight and perceived physical health in young adults is understudied. A diverse sample of 424 young adults completed measures of shape/weight based self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and perceived physical health. Height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI). Latent profile analysis was conducted to derive patterns of depression, anxiety, and shape/weight based self-esteem. Then, we examined the association of the profiles with weight status and perceived physical health...
April 17, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677578/tobacco-outlet-density-and-tobacco-knowledge-beliefs-purchasing-behaviours-and-price-among-adolescents-in-scotland
#2
Helena Tunstall, Niamh K Shortt, Claire L Niedzwiedz, Elizabeth A Richardson, Richard J Mitchell, Jamie R Pearce
Despite long-term falls in global adult smoking prevalence and over 50 years of tobacco control policies, adolescent smoking persists. Research suggests greater densities of tobacco retail outlets in residential neighbourhoods are associated with higher adolescent smoking rates. Policies to reduce retail outlets have therefore been identified by public health researchers as a potential 'new frontier' in tobacco control. Better understanding of the pathways linking density of tobacco retailers and smoking behaviour could support these policies...
February 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677447/prediction-models-for-assessing-lycopene-in-open-field-cultivated-tomatoes-by-means-of-a-portable-reflectance-sensor-cultivar-and-growing-season-effects
#3
Leonardo Ciaccheri, Lorenza Tuccio, Andrea A Mencaglia, Kalina Maja Sikorska-Zimny, Ewelina Hallmann, Artur Kowalski, Anna Grazia Mignani, Stanislaw Kaniszewski, Giovanni Agati
Reflectance spectroscopy represents a useful tool for the non-destructive assessment of tomato lycopene, even in the field. For this reason, a compact, low-cost, LED-based sensor has been developed to measure reflectance in the 400-750 nm spectral range. It was calibrated against wet chemistry and evaluated by Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression analyses. The lycopene prediction models were defined for two open-field cultivated red-tomato varieties: the processing oblong tomatoes of the cv. Calista (average weight: 76 g) and the fresh-consumption round tomatoes of the cv...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677020/clinical-experience-in-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery-with-virtually-wall-less-venous-cannulas
#4
Enrico Ferrari, Ludwig K von Segesser, Denis Berdajs, Ludwig Müller, Maximilian Halbe, Francesco Maisano
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate peripheral venous drainage during minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) is a challenge and cannot always be solved with increased vacuum or increased centrifugal pump speed. The present study was designed to assess the benefit of virtually wall-less transfemoral venous cannulas during MICS. METHODS: Transfemoral venous cannulation with virtually wall-less cannulas (3/8″ 24F 530-630-mm ST) was performed in 10 consecutive patients (59 ± 10 years, 8 males, 2 females) undergoing MICS for mitral (6), aortic (3), and other (4) procedures (combinations possible)...
April 19, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676656/the-effects-of-beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate-supplementation-on-recovery-following-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Mohammad Hossein Rahimi, Hamed Mohammadi, Hesam Eshaghi, Gholamreza Askari, Maryam Miraghajani
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate's (HMB) positive effects on recovery following exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). However, findings vary substantially across studies. OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was conducted to assess the effects of HMB supplementation on recovery following EIMD by assessing indirect markers of muscle damage, namely creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) serum levels among healthy participants...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676634/impact-of-seasonal-winter-air-pollution-on-health-across-the-lifespan-in-mongolia-and-some-putative-solutions
#6
David Warburton, Nicole Warburton, Clarence Wigfall, Ochir Chimedsuren, Delgerzul Lodoisamba, Sereeter Lodoysamba, Badarch Jargalsaikhan
Environmental pollution of the air, water, and soil comprise an increasingly urgent challenge to global health, well-being, and productivity. The impact of environmental pollution arguably has its greatest impact across the lifespan on children, women of childbearing age, and pregnant women and their unborn children, not only because of their vulnerability during development, but also because of their subsequent longevity. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is a highly instructive, perhaps extreme, example of what happens with recent, rapid urbanization...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676508/applications-of-social-network-analysis-to-obesity-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
S Zhang, K de la Haye, M Ji, R An
People's health behaviours and outcomes can be profoundly shaped by the social networks they are embedded in. Based on graph theory, social network analysis is a research framework for the study of social interactions and the structure of these interactions among social actors. A literature search was conducted in PubMed and Web of Science for articles published until August 2017 that applied social network analysis to examine obesity and social networks. Eight studies (three cross-sectional and five longitudinal) conducted in the US (n = 6) and Australia (n = 2) were identified...
April 20, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676501/the-canary-in-the-coal-mine-continence-care-for-people-with-dementia-in-acute-hospital-wards-as-a-crisis-of-dehumanization
#8
Paula Boddington, Katie Featherstone
Continence is a key moment of care that can tell us about the wider care of people living with dementia within acute hospital wards. The spotlight is currently on the quality of hospital care of older people across the UK, yet concerns persist about their poor treatment, neglect, abuse, and discrimination within this setting. Thus, within hospitals, the care of people living with dementia is both a welfare issue and a human rights issue. The challenge of continence care for people living with dementia can be seen as the 'canary in the coal mine' for the unravelling of dignity within the acute setting...
May 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676473/horn-growth-variation-and-hunting-selection-of-the-alpine-ibex
#9
Ulf Büntgen, Juan D Galván, Atle Mysterud, Paul J Krusic, Lisa Hülsmann, Hannes Jenny, Josef Senn, Kurt Bollmann
1.Selective hunting can affect demographic characteristics and phenotypic traits of the targeted species. Hunting systems often involve harvesting quotas based on sex, age and/or size categories to avoid selective pressure. However, it is difficult to assess if such regulations deter hunters from targeting larger 'trophy' animals with longer horns that may have evolutionary consequences. 2.Here, we compile 44'088 annually resolved and absolutely dated measurements of Alpine ibex (Capra ibex) horn growth increments from 8'355 males, harvested between 1978 and 2013, in the eastern Swiss Canton of Grisons...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675969/exercise-induced-pulmonary-haemorrhage-in-thoroughbred-racehorses-a-longitudinal-study
#10
E J Crispe, C J Secombe, D I Perera, A A Manderson, B A Turlach, G D Lester
BACKGROUND: Exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) is considered a progressive disease based on histopathology, but it is unknown if tracheobronchoscopic EIPH severity worsens over time. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine tracheobronchoscopic EIPH changes over time in a population of Thoroughbred racehorses. A secondary aim was to identify factors that affect changes in tracheobronchoscopic EIPH severity between observations. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, observational cross-sectional study...
April 20, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675770/sports-participation-and-fracture-in-older-australian-men
#11
Kara L Holloway-Kew, David J Moloney, Gosia Bucki-Smith, Natalie K Hyde, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Elizabeth N Timney, Amelia G Dobbins, Julie A Pasco
Older men who participated in a sporting activity were less likely to sustain any fracture or major osteoporotic fracture over a 6-year follow-up period. PURPOSE: Regular weight-bearing physical activity can reduce fracture risk through an increase in bone strength, as well as reducing falls risk by improving muscle strength and balance. In this study, we aimed to determine whether a specific type of physical activity, sports participation, reduces fracture risk in older Australian men...
April 19, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675752/preliminary-report-on-endoscopic-pilonidal-sinus-treatment-in-children-results-of-a-multicentric-series
#12
Alessio Pini Prato, Cinzia Mazzola, Girolamo Mattioli, Maria Escolino, Ciro Esposito, Antonio D'Alessio, Laura Caterina Abati, Lorenzo Leonelli, Claudio Carlini, Franco Rotundi, Pier Carlo Meinero
BACKGROUND: Pilonidal disease is a troublesome acquired condition for whom various surgical treatments have been proposed with relatively high recurrence and complication rates. Since EPSiT technique has been described in 2013, it became an alternative treatment in adult practice. Our study reports the results of a multicentre series of pediatric patients who underwent EPSiT procedure over a 21-month period. METHODS: Between July 2015 and March 2017, all consecutive patients undergoing EPSiT in four different pediatric surgical units have been enrolled...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675690/a-new-algorithm-to-build-bridges-between-two-patient-reported-health-outcome-instruments-the-mos-sf-36%C3%A2-and-the-vr-12-health-survey
#13
Alfredo Selim, William Rogers, Shirley Qian, James A Rothendler, Erin E Kent, Lewis E Kazis
PURPOSE: To develop bridging algorithms to score the Veterans Rand-12 (VR-12) scales for comparability to those of the SF-36® for facilitating multi-cohort studies using data from the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) linked to Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (MHOS), and to provide a model for minimizing non-statistical error in pooled analyses stemming from changes to survey instruments over time. METHODS: Observational study of MHOS cohorts 1-12 (1998-2011)...
April 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675496/macroscopic-features-of-the-kidneys-of-fetuses-and-newborns-in-preeclampsia-postmortem-observational-study
#14
Iryna Sorokina, Tetyana Ospanova, Mykhailo Myroshnychenko, Iryna Korneyko
Background: The state of the mother health is of great importance in the development of children renal pathology. Objective: To reveal macroscopic features of the fetuses and newborns kidneys of the mothers whose pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia. Materials and Methods: The study involved the kidneys of 106 full-term fetuses and newborns of mothers with physiological pregnancy, complicated pregnancy by preeclampsia. During the autopsies, the shape, texture, surface, color were assessed in each kidney, and then its weight, length, width and thickness were measured...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675281/coexistent-non-small-cell-carcinoma-and-small-cell-carcinoma-in-a-patient-presenting-with-hyponatremia
#15
Mitchell D Ross, Sreeja Biswas Roy, Pradnya D Patil, Jasmine L Huang, Nitika Thawani, Ralph Drosten, Tanmay S Panchabhai
Despite recent advances in screening methods, lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. By the time lung cancer becomes symptomatic and patients seek treatment, it is often too advanced for curative measures. Low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening has been shown to reduce mortality in patients at high risk of lung cancer. We present a 66-year-old man with a 50-pack-year smoking history who had a right upper lobe (RUL) pulmonary nodule and left lower lobe (LLL) consolidation on a screening CT...
2018: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673992/effect-of-ciprofloxacin-on-methane-production-and-anaerobic-microbial-community
#16
Do Thi Mai, David C Stuckey, Seungdae Oh
This study investigated the effects and fate of CIP on anaerobic sludge over a wide range of concentrations (0.05-50 mg/L), and 0.5-50 mg/L significantly inhibited organic removal and methanogenic activity, increased volatile fatty acids accumulation and low molecular weight soluble microbial products (SMPs), including p-cresol and nitrogen-containing compounds. Although microbial communities exposed to CIP did not differ significantly from the control in species diversity indices, Syntrophobacter and Methanothrix associated with acetogenesis and acetoclastic methanogenesis, respectively, were underrepresented in the CIP-exposed communities...
April 4, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673832/effects-of-physical-training-with-the-nintendo-wii-fit-plus-%C3%A2-and-protein-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-function-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-pre-frail-older-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-the-wiiprotein-study
#17
Audrin Said Vojciechowski, Simone Biesek, Jarbas Melo Filho, Estela Iraci Rabito, Maryelle Paula do Amaral, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes
BACKGROUND: Frailty is one of the key geriatric syndromes and is related to the loss of functional independence. However, the practice of physical training (PT) combined with protein supplementation (PS) may improve musculoskeletal function (MF). OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of PT using 'exergames' with or without PS on MF, nutritional status, and risk of falls in pre-frail older women. METHOD: The protocol is for a randomized controlled clinical trial with a sample of pre-frail older women, divided into 5 groups: control group; PT using exergames; PS; PT using exergames combined with PS; PT using exergames combined with isoenergetic supplementation...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673564/factors-affecting-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-aminophylline-in-treatment-of-apnea-of-prematurity-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#18
Chaohui Ye, Caiyun Miao, Li Yu, Zhuoya Dong, Jie Zhang, Yingying Mao, Xiaodong Lu, Qin Lyu
BACKGROUND: The factors affecting the safety and efficacy of aminophylline use in the treatment of apnea of prematurity (AOP) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are not clear. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the potential factors affecting the efficacy and safety of aminophylline in AOP treatment at standard doses and to determine appropriate patients for this therapy. METHODS: Over a 3-year period (January 2012 to December 2014), the medical records of 206 preterm infants with apnea who were admitted to the NICU of our hospital to receive aminophylline infusions were retrospectively reviewed...
March 30, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673244/changes-in-body-composition-blood-lipid-profile-and-growth-factor-hormone-in-a-patient-with-prader-willi-syndrome-during-24-weeks-of-complex-exercise-a-single-case-study
#19
Hee Joung Joung, In Soo Lim
PURPOSE: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder characterized by excessive appetite with progressive obesity and growth hormone (GH) deficiency. Excessive eating causes progressive obesity with increased risk of morbidities and mortality. Although GH treatment has beneficial effects on patients with PWS, adverse events have occurred during GH treatment. Exercise potentially has a positive effect on obesity management. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of 24-week complex exercise program on changes in body composition, blood lipid profiles, and growth factor hormone levels in a patient with PWS...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673212/an-intuitionistic-multiplicative-oreste-method-for-patients-prioritization-of-hospitalization
#20
Cheng Zhang, Xingli Wu, Di Wu, Huchang Liao, Li Luo, Enrique Herrera-Viedma
The tension brought about by sickbeds is a common and intractable issue in public hospitals in China due to the large population. Assigning the order of hospitalization of patients is difficult because of complex patient information such as disease type, emergency degree, and severity. It is critical to rank the patients taking full account of various factors. However, most of the evaluation criteria for hospitalization are qualitative, and the classical ranking method cannot derive the detailed relations between patients based on these criteria...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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