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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786817/targeted-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-focused-on-the-family-members-of-high-risk-patients-at-a-regional-medical-center-a-comparison-between-family-members-of-high-risk-and-no-risk-patients
#1
Kap Su Han, Ji Sung Lee, Su Jin Kim, Sung Woo Lee
BACKGROUND: We developed a hospital-based cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training model focused on the target population (family members of patients with potential risks for cardiac arrest) and compared the outcome of CPR training between target and non-target populations for validity. METHODS: Family members of patients in training were divided into three groups on the basis of patients' diseases, as follows: 1) the cardio-specific (CS) risk group, including family members of patients with cardiac disease at risk of cardiac arrest; 2) the cardiovascular (CV) risk group, including family members of patients with risk factors for cardiovascular disease; and 3) the no-risk group...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764540/-2018-national-consensus-on-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-in-china
#2
Lixiang Wang, Qingyi Meng, Tao Yu
To promote the technical training and scientific popularization of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in China, the Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Specialized Committee of Chinese Research Hospital Association combined with the Science Popularization Branch of the Chinese Medical Association wrote "2018 National consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in China". The formation was based on the general outline about "2016 National consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation in China", and to implement the important strategies included the "three pre" policy, prevention, precognition, and pre-warning, before the cardiac arrest (CA); the "three modernization" methods, standardized, diversified and individualized, during the CA; and the "three life" strategies, the rebirth, the extra and the extended, after the CA; and also combined with the concrete National conditions and clinical practice of China area...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737260/targeted-temperature-management-review-of-literature-and-guidelines-a-cardiologist-s-perspective
#3
Taimoor Hashim, Ranjith Shetty
Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains not an uncommon occurrence in USA and rest of the world. However, the survival to discharge following an episode of OHCA in adults is still very disappointing at around 10%. Several areas of improvement including education of general public in early Cardio Pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by bystander, chest compression first, and improvement of Emergency Medical response time have had a positive effect in outcomes and survival but much still needs to be done. Recently new data has emerged with regards to post resuscitation care and mild induced hypothermia (now preferably called; targeted temperature management {TTM}) and several advances have been made...
May 7, 2018: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720286/impact-of-brief-education-on-healthy-seniors-attitudes-and-healthcare-choices-about-alzheimer-s-disease-and-associated-symptoms
#4
Robyn E Waxman, Barbara J Russell, Oscar C T Iu, Benoit H Mulsant
ABSTRACTObjective:The primary objective of this study was to determine whether a brief education session about Alzheimer's disease (AD) stages and associated behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) changes healthy seniors' treatment choices. A secondary objective was to determine whether pharmacotherapy to reduce BPSD would be preferred over other potentially more restrictive interventions. METHODS: Participants (n = 32; 8 men; aged > 64years; no self-reported dementia diagnosis) were assigned to one of ten group sessions during which they received information about AD and BPSD...
May 3, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714510/does-non-targeted-community-cpr-training-increase-bystander-cpr-frequency
#5
Amy Uber, Richard C Sadler, Todd Chassee, Joshua C Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: Only 37% of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) receive bystander Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in Kent County, MI. In May 2014, prehospital providers offered one-time, point-of-contact compression-only CPR training to 2,253 passersby at 7 public locations in Grand Rapids, Michigan. To assess the impact of this intervention, we compared bystander CPR frequency and clinical outcomes in regions surrounding training sites before and after the intervention, adjusting for prehospital covariates...
May 1, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679187/growth-a-journey-from-experience-to-higher-perception-among-iranian-muslim-cpr-survivors
#6
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Masoud Rayyani, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Mahlagha Dehghan, Batool Tirgari, Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
Several studies have been conducted among cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) survivors. Some studies have shown that positive and negative experiences coexist. Emotional distress and psychopathology in CPR survivors are related to the urgent need to make growth. Understanding the meaning of CPR survivors' lived experiences of growth may facilitate their growth. The aim of the study was to illuminate the meaning of CPR survivor's lived experiences of growth in southeast Iran. A qualitative design using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used in 12 CPR survivors...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602520/the-knowledge-of-and-attitudes-toward-first-aid-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-among-parents
#7
Concepción Míguez-Navarro, Beatriz Ponce-Salas, Gloria Guerrero-Márquez, Jorge Lorente-Romero, Elena Caballero-Grolimund, Arístides Rivas-García, María Ana Almagro-Colorado
PURPOSE: To determine the level of knowledge of first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among the parents of children who attended our Pediatric Emergency Department and to identify the factors that affect this knowledge. DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive, transversal study. A questionnaire was distributed anonymously among parents to collect data about their previous CPR training, knowledge and experience. RESULTS: A total 405 valid questionnaires were returned...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600241/a-standardized-needs-assessment-tool-to-inform-the-curriculum-development-process-for-pediatric-resuscitation-simulation-based-education-in-resource-limited-settings
#8
Nicole Shilkofski, Amanda Crichlow, Julie Rice, Leslie Cope, Ye Myint Kyaw, Thazin Mon, Sarah Kiguli, Julianna Jung
Introduction: Under five mortality rates (UFMR) remain high for children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the developing world. Education for practitioners in these environments is a key factor to improve outcomes that will address United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 3 and 10 (good health and well being and reduced inequalities). In order to appropriately contextualize a curriculum using simulation, it is necessary to first conduct a needs assessment of the target learner population...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583168/exploring-the-implementation-of-family-witnessed-resuscitation
#9
Jaskirran Breach
Cardiac arrest is a traumatic event, both for patients and their family members. Traditionally, healthcare professionals have often been reluctant to offer family members the opportunity to witness cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) attempts. However, professional bodies globally have begun to recommend the use of family-witnessed resuscitation (FWR) during CPR, identifying a range of potential benefits including supporting the patient, increasing family members' confidence in healthcare professionals and, in some cases, promoting acceptance of the patient's death...
March 27, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565717/determinants-of-pediatric-ems-utilization-in-children-with-high-acuity-conditions
#10
Casandra Quiñones, Manish I Shah, Andrea T Cruz, Jeanine M Graf, Juan A Mondragon, Elizabeth A Camp, Pooja Reddy, Esther M Sampayo
BACKGROUND: Underutilization of emergency medical services (EMS) for children with high-acuity conditions is poorly understood. Our objective was to identify differences in demographic factors and describe caregivers' knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes regarding EMS utilization for children with high-acuity conditions. DESIGN/METHODS: This was a mixed-methods study of children with high acuity conditions, defined as requiring immediate medical or surgical intervention and intensive care admission, over a one year period...
March 22, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560076/pay-it-forward-high-school-video-based-instruction-can-disseminate-cpr-knowledge-in-priority-neighborhoods
#11
Marina Del Rios, Josiah Han, Alejandra Cano, Victor Ramirez, Gabriel Morales, Teri L Campbell, Terry Vanden Hoek
Introduction: The implementation of creative new strategies to increase layperson cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation may improve resuscitation in priority populations. As more communities implement laws requiring CPR training in high schools, there is potential for a multiplier effect and reach into priority communities with low bystander-CPR rates. Methods: We investigated the feasibility, knowledge acquisition, and dissemination of a high school-centered, CPR video self-instruction program with a "pay-it-forward" component in a low-income, urban, predominantly Black neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois with historically low bystander-CPR rates...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545139/characterizing-barriers-to-cpr-training-attainment-using-twitter
#12
Shaun K McGovern, Audrey L Blewer, Andrew Murray, Marion Leary, Benjamin S Abella, Raina M Merchant
STUDY AIM: Recent investigations have suggested that CPR training rates are low within the U.S and barriers to CPR training are poorly understood. Social media holds great potential for large scale capture of the public's CPR training experiences and may illuminate barriers to CPR training. While studies have examined Twitter data for behaviors associated with cardiovascular health, no investigation has evaluated Twitter data to understand public perception of CPR training. We characterized Tweet content about CPR training and associated sentiment to better understand barriers associated with CPR training...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545137/basic-life-support-training-into-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-a-chance-to-give-back-a-community-intervention-controlled-manikin-study
#13
Violeta González-Salvado, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Carlos Peña-Gil, Carmen Neiro-Rey, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
AIM: Early basic life support is crucial to enhance survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest but rates remain low, especially in households. High-risk groups' training has been advocated, but the optimal method is unclear. The CArdiac REhabilitation and BAsic life Support (CAREBAS) project aims to compare the effectiveness of two basic life support educational strategies implemented in a cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS: A community intervention study including consecutive patients enrolled on an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program after acute coronary syndrome or revascularization was conducted...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479231/initiation-of-passive-cooling-at-referring-centre-is-most-predictive-of-achieving-early-therapeutic-hypothermia-in-asphyxiated-newborns
#14
Brigitte Lemyre, Linh Ly, Vann Chau, Anil Chacko, Nicholas Barrowman, Hilary Whyte, Steven P Miller
Objective: To identify factors associated with early initiation and achievement of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Methods: Retrospective cohort study of newborns who received TH according to National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) criteria in two academic level 3 Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) between 2009 and 2013. All infants were transported by a neonatal transport team (NNTT)...
August 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455310/germans-learn-how-to-save-lives-a-nationwide-cpr-education-initiative
#15
Manuela Malsy, Richard Leberle, Bernhard Graf
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death is one of the most frequent causes of death in Germany and the third leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Yet, the percentage of people providing first aid in the case of sudden cardiac arrest in Germany is alarmingly low by international comparison. Training Germans or reminding them of the simple but effective steps of resuscitation, so that everybody can save a live in an emergency. METHODS: For the campaign 'Resuscitation Week', physicians and paramedics trained passers-by in cardiovascular resuscitation free of charge...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445308/cpr-in-medical-tv-shows-non-health-care-student-perspective
#16
Abdullah Alismail, Nicole C Meyer, Waleed Almutairi, Noha S Daher
Introduction: There are over a dozen medical shows airing on television, many of which are during prime time. Researchers have recently become more interested in the role of these shows, and the awareness on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Several cases have been reported where a lay person resuscitated a family member using medical TV shows as a reference. The purpose of this study is to examine and evaluate college students' perception on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and when to shock using an automated external defibrillator based on their experience of watching medical TV shows...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369963/comparison-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality-between-standard-versus-telephone-basic-life-support-training-program-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-housewives-a-randomized-simulation-study
#17
Tae Han Kim, Yu Jin Lee, Eui Jung Lee, Young Sun Ro, KyungWon Lee, Hyeona Lee, Dayea Beatrice Jang, Kyoung Jun Song, Sang Do Shin, Helge Myklebust, Tonje Søraas Birkenes
INTRODUCTION: For cardiac arrests witnessed at home, the witness is usually a middle-aged or older housewife. We compared the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance of bystanders trained with the newly developed telephone-basic life support (T-BLS) program and those trained with standard BLS (S-BLS) training programs. METHODS: Twenty-four middle-aged and older housewives without previous CPR education were enrolled and randomized into two groups of BLS training programs...
February 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311180/the-day-i-died
#18
Julie M Stausmire, Mitchell G Greenbaum, Marie Morelli-Greenbaum
When I began experiencing chest pain that was different from my usual heartburn symptoms, I denied I could possibly be having a heart attack, but chewed 4 baby aspirin just in case. Despite years of community education about the need to call 911 and seek immediate emergency care when experiencing signs and symptoms of a heart attack, more than 350,000 individuals experienced an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in 2016. Of those, only 12% survived. Bystander recognition of cardiac arrest and prompt intervention with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and rapid defibrillation is essential for out-of-hospital survival...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300273/self-confidence-and-level-of-knowledge-after-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-in-14-to-18-year-old-schoolchildren-a-randomised-interventional-controlled-prospective-study-in-secondary-schools-in-germany
#19
Sabine Wingen, Daniel C Schroeder, Hannes Ecker, Susanne Steinhauser, Sibel Altin, Stephanie Stock, Alex Lechleuthner, Andreas Hohn, Bernd W Böttiger
BACKGROUND: Education of schoolchildren in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a strategic goal for improvement of bystander CPR in society. OBJECTIVE(S): The primary objective was to analyse the impact of CPR training on the resuscitation knowledge and self-confidence of secondary schoolchildren. In addition, independent predictors of improved CPR knowledge and self-confidence were investigated. DESIGN: Prospective, randomised-interventional controlled study...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284836/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-evaluation-of-knowledge-efficacy-and-retention-in-young-doctors-joining-postgraduation-program
#20
Vidhu Bhatnagar, Urvashi Tandon, Kavitha Jinjil, Deepak Dwivedi, S Kiran, Rohit Verma
Background: High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and rapid defibrillation the cornerstone for resuscitation from cardiac arrest and increase the incidence of return of spontaneous circulation. Regular CPR training imparted to health-care personnel increases knowledge and helps in skill enhancing. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate background knowledge, percentage improvement in the skills, and residual knowledge after a period of 6 months of postgraduate (PG) students as well as the efficacy of the designed teaching program for CPR...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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