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CPR education

Brigitte Lemyre, Linh Ly, Vann Chau, Anil Chacko, Nicholas Barrowman, Hilary Whyte, Steven P Miller
Objective: To identify factors associated with early initiation and achievement of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Methods: Retrospective cohort study of newborns who received TH according to National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) criteria in two academic level 3 Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) between 2009 and 2013. All infants were transported by a neonatal transport team (NNTT)...
August 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Manuela Malsy, Richard Leberle, Bernhard Graf
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death is one of the most frequent causes of death in Germany and the third leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Yet, the percentage of people providing first aid in the case of sudden cardiac arrest in Germany is alarmingly low by international comparison. Training Germans or reminding them of the simple but effective steps of resuscitation, so that everybody can save a live in an emergency. METHODS: For the campaign 'Resuscitation Week', physicians and paramedics trained passers-by in cardiovascular resuscitation free of charge...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Abdullah Alismail, Nicole C Meyer, Waleed Almutairi, Noha S Daher
Introduction: There are over a dozen medical shows airing on television, many of which are during prime time. Researchers have recently become more interested in the role of these shows, and the awareness on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Several cases have been reported where a lay person resuscitated a family member using medical TV shows as a reference. The purpose of this study is to examine and evaluate college students' perception on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and when to shock using an automated external defibrillator based on their experience of watching medical TV shows...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Tae Han Kim, Yu Jin Lee, Eui Jung Lee, Young Sun Ro, KyungWon Lee, Hyeona Lee, Dayea Beatrice Jang, Kyoung Jun Song, Sang Do Shin, Helge Myklebust, Tonje Søraas Birkenes
INTRODUCTION: For cardiac arrests witnessed at home, the witness is usually a middle-aged or older housewife. We compared the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance of bystanders trained with the newly developed telephone-basic life support (T-BLS) program and those trained with standard BLS (S-BLS) training programs. METHODS: Twenty-four middle-aged and older housewives without previous CPR education were enrolled and randomized into two groups of BLS training programs...
February 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Julie M Stausmire, Mitchell G Greenbaum, Marie Morelli-Greenbaum
When I began experiencing chest pain that was different from my usual heartburn symptoms, I denied I could possibly be having a heart attack, but chewed 4 baby aspirin just in case. Despite years of community education about the need to call 911 and seek immediate emergency care when experiencing signs and symptoms of a heart attack, more than 350,000 individuals experienced an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in 2016. Of those, only 12% survived. Bystander recognition of cardiac arrest and prompt intervention with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and rapid defibrillation is essential for out-of-hospital survival...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
Sabine Wingen, Daniel C Schroeder, Hannes Ecker, Susanne Steinhauser, Sibel Altin, Stephanie Stock, Alex Lechleuthner, Andreas Hohn, Bernd W Böttiger
BACKGROUND: Education of schoolchildren in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a strategic goal for improvement of bystander CPR in society. OBJECTIVE(S): The primary objective was to analyse the impact of CPR training on the resuscitation knowledge and self-confidence of secondary schoolchildren. In addition, independent predictors of improved CPR knowledge and self-confidence were investigated. DESIGN: Prospective, randomised-interventional controlled study...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Vidhu Bhatnagar, Urvashi Tandon, Kavitha Jinjil, Deepak Dwivedi, S Kiran, Rohit Verma
Background: High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and rapid defibrillation the cornerstone for resuscitation from cardiac arrest and increase the incidence of return of spontaneous circulation. Regular CPR training imparted to health-care personnel increases knowledge and helps in skill enhancing. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate background knowledge, percentage improvement in the skills, and residual knowledge after a period of 6 months of postgraduate (PG) students as well as the efficacy of the designed teaching program for CPR...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Viraj Nevrekar, Prasan Kumar Panda, Naveet Wig, R M Pandey, Praveen Agarwal, Ashutosh Biswas
Background: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should be performed as per the international guidelines; however, compliance to these guidelines is difficult to assess. This study was conducted to determine the compliance to American Heart Association (2010) guideline on CPR documentation by among resident physicians before and after resident training (two arms). Methods: This pre-postinterventional quality improvement study was conducted in a referral center, North India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Noé Atamari-Anahui, Franklin W Martinez-Ninanqui, Liz Paucar-Tito, Luz Morales-Concha, Alejandra Miranda-Chirau, Marco Antonio Gamarra-Contreras, Carlos Antonio Zea-Nuñez, Christian R Mejia
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mortality has increased in recent years. In Peru, there are few studies on in-hospital mortality due to type 2 diabetes in the provinces. OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated to hospital mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 in three hospitals from Cusco-Peru. METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study was performed. All patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 hospitalized in the city of Cusco during the 2016 were included...
December 5, 2017: Medwave
Lorrel E Brown, Carlos Lynes, Travis Carroll, Henry Halperin
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training in high schools is required by law in the majority of U.S. states. However, laws differ from state to state, and it is unknown how this legislation is being enacted. The authors sent a cross-sectional, closed survey to educational superintendents in 32 states with CPR laws in June 2016. The authors subsequently performed direct examination and categorization of CPR legislation in 39 states (several states passed legislation as of September 2017). Survey results indicated differing practices with regard to CPR instruction in areas such as course content (63% perform automated external defibrillator training), instructor (47% used CPR-certified teachers/coaches, 30% used other CPR-certified instructors, 11% used noncertified teachers/coaches), and method (7% followed American Red Cross methods, 55% followed American Heart Association methods)...
November 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Anthony Chauvin, Jennifer Truchot, Aida Bafeta, Dominique Pateron, Patrick Plaisance, Youri Yordanov
The number of trials assessing Simulation-Based Medical Education (SBME) interventions has rapidly expanded. Many studies show that potential flaws in design, conduct and reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) can bias their results. We conducted a methodological review of RCTs assessing a SBME in Emergency Medicine (EM) and examined their methodological characteristics. We searched MEDLINE via PubMed for RCT that assessed a simulation intervention in EM, published in 6 general and internal medicine and in the top 10 EM journals...
November 16, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Alexei Birkun, Maksim Glotov
BACKGROUND: To summarise and appraise cumulative published scientific evidence relevant to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education in Russia. DATA RESOURCES: We searched Medline, Scopus, Science Direct and Russian Science Citation Index databases from December 1991 to December 2016 to identify studies pertaining to the field of CPR education that were carried out by Russian researchers and/or investigated the topic of interest for Russia/Russian population...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mi-Ran Lee, Chiyoung Cha
BACKGROUND: Emergency Department (ED) nurses often confront unexpected cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with little information about the patients. METHODS: This qualitative study explored the experience of performing CPR among ED nurses. Data collection took place between May and June 2016 using an online advertisement to recruit 17 ED nurses. Each participant was interviewed for 40-90min. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data analysis was conducted using a conventional content-analysis method...
October 16, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
Michael Colwill, Charlotte Somerville, Eric Lindberg, Caroline Williams, James Bryan, Ted Welman
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival rates in the UK are poor, and non-medically trained individuals have been identified to perform substandard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Millions watch televised medical dramas and, for many, these comprise their only education on CPR. This study aims to investigate the quality of CPR portrayed on these programmes and whether this has an effect on public knowledge. METHODS: Prospective observational study of 30 consecutive episodes of three popular medical dramas...
October 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Mostafa A Abolfotouh, Manal A Alnasser, Alamin N Berhanu, Deema A Al-Turaif, Abdulrhman I Alfayez
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) increases the probability of survival of a person with cardiac arrest. Repeating training helps staff retain knowledge in CPR and in use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). Retention of knowledge and skills during and after training in CPR is difficult and requires systematic training with appropriate methodology. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of basic life-support (BLS) training on the attitudes of health-care providers toward initiating CPR and on use of AEDs, and to investigate the factors that influence these attitudes...
September 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Jesús López-Herce, Martha M Matamoros, Luis Moya, Enma Almonte, Diana Coronel, Javier Urbano, Ángel Carrillo, Jimena Del Castillo, Santiago Mencía, Ramón Moral, Flora Ordoñez, Carlos Sánchez, Lina Lagos, María Johnson, Ovidio Mendoza, Sandra Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: To describe the design and to present the results of a paediatric and neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training program adapted to Latin-America. METHODS: A paediatric CPR coordinated training project was set up in several Latin-American countries with the instructional and scientific support of the Spanish Group for Paediatric and Neonatal CPR. The program was divided into four phases: CPR training and preparation of instructors; training for instructors; supervised teaching; and independent teaching...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Areej El-Jawahri, Kelsey Lau-Min, Ryan D Nipp, Joseph A Greer, Lara N Traeger, Samantha M Moran, Sara M D'Arpino, Ephraim P Hochberg, Vicki A Jackson, Barbara J Cashavelly, Holly S Martinson, David P Ryan, Jennifer S Temel
BACKGROUND: Although hospitalized patients with advanced cancer have a low chance of surviving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the processes by which they change their code status from full code to do not resuscitate (DNR) are unknown. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study on a prospective cohort of hospitalized patients with advanced cancer. Two physicians used a consensus-driven medical record review to characterize processes that led to code status order transitions from full code to DNR...
December 15, 2017: Cancer
Anette Nord, Leif Svensson, Thomas Karlsson, Andreas Claesson, Johan Herlitz, Lennart Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been proved to save lives; however, whether survival is affected by the training level of the bystander is not fully described. AIM: To describe if the training level of laymen and medically educated bystanders affect 30-day survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA). METHODS: This observational study included all witnessed and treated cases of bystander CPR reported to the Swedish Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation between 2010 and 2014...
November 2017: Resuscitation
Hiroyuki Takahashi, Ryo Sagisaka, Yoshiki Natsume, Shota Tanaka, Hiroshi Takyu, Hideharu Tanaka
AIM: We investigated whether DA-CPR would have the same effect as spontaneously-delivered bystander CPR. METHODS: A total of 37,899 witnessed cardiogenic out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) selected from a nationwide Utstein-Japanese database between 2008 and 2012. Patients were divided into four groups as follows: CPR initiated with dispatcher assistance (DA-CPR; n=10,424), no CPR provided with dispatcher assistance (DA-No CPR; n=4658), spontaneously-delivered bystander CPR provided without DA (BCPR; n=6630), and both BCPR and dispatcher assistance was not provided (No BCPR-No DA; n=16,187)...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
H K Bakke, H K Bakke, R Schwebs
BACKGROUND: To increase knowledge and competence about first aid in the population, first-aid instruction is included in primary and secondary school curricula. This study aimed to establish how much time is spent on first-aid training, which first-aid measures are taught, and which factors prevent teachers from providing the quantity and quality of first-aid training that they wish to give. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to teachers in physical education in primary and secondary schools and to teachers in vocational subjects in higher secondary schools...
November 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
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