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Hyperlipidaemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634377/hepatoprotective-and-in-vitro-antioxidant-effects-of-native-depolymerised-exopolysaccharides-derived-from-termitomyces-albuminosus
#1
Huajie Zhao, Juan Li, Jianjun Zhang, Xiuxiu Wang, Min Liu, Chen Zhang, Le Jia
In this study, native depolymerised-exopolysaccharides (DEPS) were successfully derived from the exopolysaccharides (EPS) of Termitomyces albuminosus, and its hepatoprotective effects against a high-fat emulsion and in vitro antioxidant activities were investigated. Based on the results of in vitro assays, DEPS showed superior antioxidant activities compared with EPS dose-dependently. According to the in vivo assays both EPS and DEPS significantly decreased the lipid levels, improved the enzymatic activities, and reduced lipid peroxidation in both serum and hepatic homogenates...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619387/evaluation-of-ameliorative-ability-of-silibinin-against-zidovudine-and-isoniazid-induced-hepatotoxicity-and-hyperlipidaemia-in-rats-role-of-silibinin-in-phase-i-and-ii-drug-metabolism
#2
Raghu Ramanathan, Karthikeyan Sivanesan
HIV/AIDS patients have suppressed immune system, making them vulnerable to many opportunistic infections including tuberculosis (TB). The patients who are co-infected with TB undergo combined regimens with anti-retroviral drugs such as zidovudine (AZT) and anti-tubercular drug such as isoniazid (INH) for therapy leading to hepatotoxicty. Silibinin (SBN), extracted from Silybum marianum commonly called as "Milk thistle" is used against several drugs-induced hepatotoxicity. The present study evaluates the ameliorative effect of SBN against AZT alone, INH alone, and INH + AZT-induced toxic insults to liver of rats...
June 13, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610436/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-diabetes-does-it-matter
#3
Abd A Tahrani
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is very common in patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2D), which is not surprising considering that obesity is a common risk factor for both conditions. In general population studies, OSA has been shown to be associated with several comorbidities including increased risk of road traffic accidents, T2D, hypertension and lack of nocturnal dipping of blood pressure, hyperlipidaemia, increased inflammation, increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality, increased risk of atrial fibrillation, worse quality of life, and erectile dysfunction...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608965/hydrogen-sulphide-modulating-mitochondrial-morphology-to-promote-mitophagy-in-endothelial-cells-under-high-glucose-and-high-palmitate
#4
Ning Liu, Jichao Wu, Linxue Zhang, Zhaopeng Gao, Yu Sun, Miao Yu, Yajun Zhao, Shiyun Dong, Fanghao Lu, Weihua Zhang
Endothelial cell dysfunction is one of the main reasons for type II diabetes vascular complications. Hydrogen sulphide (H2 S) has antioxidative effect, but its regulation on mitochondrial dynamics and mitophagy in aortic endothelial cells under hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia is unclear. Rat aortic endothelial cells (RAECs) were treated with 40 mM glucose and 200 μM palmitate to imitate endothelium under hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia, and 100 μM NaHS was used as an exogenous H2 S donor. Firstly, we demonstrated that high glucose and palmitate decreased H2 S production and CSE expression in RAECs...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607778/saphenovenous-graft-aneurysm-a-rare-complication-of-cabg
#5
James Thomas Connell
Saphenovenous graft aneurysm is a rare complication of coronary artery bypass grafts that is likely underdiagnosed. It is typically asymptomatic, slow growing, and often diagnosed incidentally on angiography or following catastrophic rupture. There is no consensus on best management but PCI and surgery appear to have more favourable mortality outcomes relative to conservative management. We present the case of a 48-year-old male with a cardiovascular risk profile hallmarked by diabetes mellitus, end stage renal failure, recalcitrant hyperlipidaemia, and IHD previously treated with CABG...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602123/paraoxonase-1-and-myeloperoxidase-correlate-with-vascular-biomarkers-in-overweight-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-untreated-hyperlipidaemia
#6
Anita Szentpéteri, Noémi Zsíros, Viktória E Varga, Hajnalka Lőrincz, Mónika Katkó, Ildikó Seres, Péter Fülöp, György Paragh, Mariann Harangi
BACKGROUND: In hyperlipidaemic state, increased levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and decreased paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity have been reported; however, their relationships with other atherosclerotic biomarkers have not been completely clarified. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum concentrations of lipid and inflammatory parameters, MPO levels, and PON1 activities were investigated in 167 untreated hyperlipidaemic patients with and without vascular complications and in 32 healthy controls...
June 12, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600494/serum-lipid-levels-and-risk-of-hand-osteoarthritis-the-chingford-prospective-cohort-study
#7
M Garcia-Gil, C Reyes, R Ramos, M T Sanchez-Santos, D Prieto-Alhambra, T D Spector, D J Hart, N K Arden
The development of hand osteoarthritis (HOA) could be linked to hyperlipidaemia. No longitudinal studies have addressed the relationship between serum lipid profile and HOA. The study aim was to determine the association between serum lipid profile and the incidence of radiographic hand osteoarthritis (RHOA). All women in a prospective population-based cohort from the Chingford study with available baseline lipid measurements and without RHOA on a baseline were included. Study outcome was the incidence of RHOA in year 11 of follow-up...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588491/therapeutic-effects-of-breviscapine-in-cardiovascular-diseases-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Jialiang Gao, Guang Chen, Haoqiang He, Chao Liu, Xingjiang Xiong, Jun Li, Jie Wang
Breviscapine is a crude extract of several flavonoids of Erigeron breviscapus (Vant.) Hand.-Mazz., containing more than 85% of scutellarin, which has been traditionally used in China as an activating blood circulation medicine to improve cerebral blood supply. Accumulating evidence from various in vivo and in vitro studies has shown that breviscapine exerts a broad range of cardiovascular pharmacological effects, including vasodilation, protection against ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R), anti-inflammation, anticoagulation, antithrombosis, endothelial protection, myocardial protection, reduction of smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation, anticardiac remodeling, antiarrhythmia, blood lipid reduction, and improvement of erectile dysfunction...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587101/therapeutic-applications-of-rose-hips-from-different-rosa-species
#9
REVIEW
Inés Mármol, Cristina Sánchez-de-Diego, Nerea Jiménez-Moreno, Carmen Ancín-Azpilicueta, María Jesús Rodríguez-Yoldi
Rosa species, rose hips, are widespread wild plants that have been traditionally used as medicinal compounds for the treatment of a wide variety of diseases. The therapeutic potential of these plants is based on its antioxidant effects caused by or associated with its phytochemical composition, which includes ascorbic acid, phenolic compounds and healthy fatty acids among others. Over the last few years, medicinal interest in rose hips has increased as a consequence of recent research that has studied its potential application as a treatment for several diseases including skin disorders, hepatotoxicity, renal disturbances, diarrhoea, inflammatory disorders, arthritis, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, obesity and cancer...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560179/the-factors-affecting-lipid-profile-in-adult-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis
#10
Karolina M Stepien, Fiona J Stewart, Chris J Hendriksz
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of rare inherited disorders characterized by abnormal accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) within the myocytes and coronary arteries. Little is known about hyperlipidaemia as a potential cardiovascular risk factor in these patients. Baseline cholesterol data in adults are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse factors affecting lipid profile in different types of MPSs to determine if abnormalities in lipid profile contribute to the overall risk of cardiovascular disease...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559739/polyphenols-from-wine-lees-as-a-novel-functional-bioactive-compound-in-the-protection-against-oxidative-stress-and-hyperlipidaemia
#11
Irena Landeka, Jurčević, Mirna Dora, Iva Guberović, Marija Petras, Suzana Rimac, Brnčić, Domagoj Đikić
The study examines the potential of wine industry by-product, the lees, as a rich mixture of natural polyphenols, and its physiological potential to reduce postprandial metabolic and oxidative stress caused by a cholesterol-rich diet in in vivo model. Chemical analysis of wine lees showed that their total solid content was 94.2%. Wine lees contained total phenols, total nonflavonoids and total flavonoids expressed in mg of gallic acid equivalents per 100 g of dry mass: 2316.6±37.9, 1332.5±51.1 and 984.1±28...
March 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525856/oleuropein-prevents-the-development-of-experimental-autoimmune-myocarditis-in-rats
#12
Jia-Ying Zhang, Zheng Yang, Kun Fang, Zhan-Li Shi, Dan-Hong Ren, Jing Sun
Oleuropein (OLE) is a natural secoiridoid that is derived from Olea europaea. OLE possesses cardioprotective effects in experimental models of hypertension, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis and hyperlipidaemia. In the present study, the effects of OLE on experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) were evaluated. EAM in rats were induced by subcutaneous injections of porcine cardiac myosin. Cardiac function parameters, myocardial pathology, myocardial inflammatory cell infiltration and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) expression were measured...
May 16, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493444/impact-of-hyperlipidaemia-on-intermediary-metabolism-faecal-microbial-metabolites-and-urinary-characteristics-of-lipoprotein-lipase-deficient-vs-normal-cats
#13
N Paßlack, J Zentek, J A Larsen, J L Westropp, A J Fascetti
Findings in humans and rats indicate that hyperlipidaemia may be associated with enhanced endogenous oxalate (Ox) synthesis, which may be relevant for calcium oxalate (CaOx) urolith formation. Moreover, changes in lipid metabolism are proposed to negatively affect gut microbiota. This study aimed to investigate those potential interactions in hyperlipidaemic cats. Therefore, 10 normal control cats and seven lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-deficient cats were fed a low-fat diet for seven weeks. During the last week of the study, cats were housed in metabolic cages to collect urine and faeces...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485006/the-impact-of-appointment-based-medication-synchronization-on-medication-taking-behaviour-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
E Nguyen, D M Sobieraj
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Proactive synchronization of medication refills through an appointment-based model (ABM) is a community pharmacy-based intervention targeting adherence to medications. We aimed to systematically review evidence on the impact of the ABM on medication taking behaviour, health resource utilization, clinical outcomes and the preferences of patients and providers. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search of MEDLINE and Scopus from database inception through 6 February 2017...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457197/management-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review
#15
C Andrades, C Fuego, S Manrique-Arija, A Fernández-Nebro
Systemic lupus erythematosus is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and increased risk of cardiovascular complications. The aim of this study was to review the effectiveness of interventions for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events and mortality and to review the effectiveness of interventions for cardiovascular risk factor reduction in systemic lupus erythematosus patients. A systematic review was conducted. Electronic databases Medline and Embase (1961-2015) were searched. Nineteen articles met the inclusion criteria and were selected...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456778/increased-number-of-endothelial-progenitors-in-peripheral-blood-as-a-possible-early-marker-of-tumour-growth-in-post-menopausal-breast-cancer-patients
#16
P Rhone, B Ruszkowska-Ciastek, M Celmer, A Brkic, K Bielawski, J Boinska, E Zarychta, D Rosc
The aim of the study was to evaluate the number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (circulating EPCs) in the blood of patients diagnosed with breast cancer and to make an attempt at finding associations with the number of circulating EPCs and selected clinic-pathological factors; TNM and histological grading, molecular subtype of breast cancer, hormonal status, the expression of Ki-67 and the size of tumour. The study involved 96 Caucasian ethnicity post-menopausal women. Sixty-six women aged 48 - 63 (mean age 55) with breast cancer diagnosis without distant metastases (M0)...
February 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441704/a-study-of-alcohol-consumption-and-obesity-as-main-risk-factor-for-symptomatic-gallbladder-stone-a-case-control-study
#17
Byung Hyo Cha, Ban Seok Lee, Sang Hyub Lee, Seung Joo Kang, Min Jung Park
Background: Gallbladder stone (GBS) is a common gastrointestinal disease that can progress to severe cholecystitis and is a strong risk factor for gallbladder cancer (GBC). The present study was conducted to evaluate region-specific causes of GBS which was proved as major risk factor for GBC in Jeju Island, Korea. Methods: Age and sex match case-control study was performed among 171 pairs of case and controls. The cases were patients who were diagnosed with GBS, had definite clinical symptoms, and underwent a cholecystectomy in Cheju Halla General Hospital, Jeju, Korea during 2010-2014...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441154/clarifying-complex-inheritance-apolipoprotein-c3-and-atherosclerosis
#18
David J Galton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe some steps in the progress in the molecular biology of a peptide, apolipoprotein C3; its gene mutations that render individuals susceptible or resistant to developing hyperlipidaemia and atherosclerosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Data that lead to the development of a new therapeutic agent volanesorsen. SUMMARY: The agent blocks the function of the mRNA of apolipoprotein C3 and successfully treats severe hypertriglyceridaemia in phase 3 trials (Ionis Pharmaceuticals)...
April 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434480/how-to-assess-and-manage-cardiovascular-risk-associated-with-lipid-alterations-beyond-ldl
#19
Maurizio Averna, Erik Stroes
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The maintenance of clinically recommended levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) through a statin therapy is a gold standard in the management of patients with dyslipidaemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, even when LDL-C levels are at or below clinically recommended target levels, residual cardiovascular (CV) risk still remains. Therefore, assessing lipoproteins beyond LDL-C in managing CV risk is imperative. METHODS: A working group of clinical experts have assessed the role of lipoproteins other than LDL-C in identifying the CV risk in patients with dyslipidaemia and CVD and in the management of atherogenic dyslipidaemia associated with a number of other diseases...
April 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431006/regulation-of-oxidized-platelet-lipidome-implications-for-coronary-artery-disease
#20
Madhumita Chatterjee, Dominik Rath, Jörg Schlotterbeck, Johannes Rheinlaender, Britta Walker-Allgaier, Nada Alnaggar, Monika Zdanyte, Iris Müller, Oliver Borst, Tobias Geisler, Tilman E Schäffer, Michael Lämmerhofer, Meinrad Gawaz
Aims: Hyperlipidaemia enhances susceptibility to thrombosis, while platelet oxidixed LDL (oxLDL) binding in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) correlates with activation status. This study explores the platelet lipidome in symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and the functional consequences of the chemokine CXCL12 and its receptors CXCR-4/-7 on lipid uptake in platelets. Methods and results: Platelet-oxLDL detected by flow cytometry was enhanced (P = 0...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
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