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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845135/adolescents-experiences-7-and-13-months-following-the-death-of-a-brother-or-sister
#1
Dorothy Brooten, JoAnne M Youngblut, Rosa M Roche
This qualitative study used semi-structured interviews to describe adolescents' responses at 7 and 13 months to siblings' NICU/PICU/ED death. At 7 months, adolescents were asked about events around the sibling's death; at 7 and 13 months, about concerns/fears, feelings, and life changes. Seventeen adolescents participated (13-18 years; M=15); 65% Black, 24% Hispanic, 11% White. Themes included death circumstances, burial events, thinking about the deceased sibling, fears, and life changes. Adolescents reported shock and disbelief that the sibling died; 80% knew the reason for the death; many had difficulty getting through burials; all thought about the sibling...
June 2017: Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing: JHPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557525/human-milk-provision-experiences-goals-and-outcomes-for-teen-mothers-with-low-birth-weight-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#2
Beverly Rossman, Paula P Meier, Judy E Janes, Christie Lawrence, Aloka L Patel
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding rates are virtually unknown for teen mothers whose low-birth-weight (LBW; <2500 gm) infants are hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The objective was to examine the infant feeding experiences, goals, and outcomes of teen mothers of LBW infants. METHODS: We conducted a multimethod study using a qualitative research design, survey, and infant medical records. The primary data source was individual interviews conducted with teen mothers of LBW infants hospitalized in a tertiary NICU...
July 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282774/cervical-length-in-adolescents-versus-adults
#3
Jessica N Buck, Kelly M Orzechowski, Jason K Baxter, Vincenzo Berghella
PURPOSE: Two of the known risk factors for spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) are short cervical length (CL) ≤ 25 mm and adolescence (≤19 years). Our objective was to evaluate whether adolescent women have a higher incidence of short CL compared to their 20-24 year old counterparts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort of nulliparous singleton gestations undergoing universal second trimester transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) CL screening between January 2012 and June 2013...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028203/development-of-a-pediatric-adverse-events-terminology
#4
Debbie S Gipson, Eric S Kirkendall, Brenda Gumbs-Petty, Theresa Quinn, A Steen, Amanda Hicks, Ann McMahon, Savian Nicholas, Anna Zhao-Wong, Perdita Taylor-Zapata, Mark Turner, Emily Herreshoff, Charlotte Jones, Jonathan M Davis, Margaret Haber, Steven Hirschfeld
In 2009, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) established the Pediatric Terminology Harmonization Initiative to establish a core library of terms to facilitate the acquisition and sharing of knowledge between pediatric clinical research, practice, and safety reporting. A coalition of partners established a Pediatric Terminology Adverse Event Working Group in 2013 to develop a specific terminology relevant to international pediatric adverse event (AE) reporting...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285670/inguinal-hernia-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-follow-up-to-adolescence
#5
Masashi Kurobe, Yuji Baba, Masahiko Otsuka
BACKGROUND: This study reviewed the medical records of very low-birthweight infants (VLBWI) followed up to adolescence, with emphasis on inguinal hernia (IH), to discuss the ideal time for IH repair in VLBWI. METHODS: Medical records from 274 VLBWI treated in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) between 1994 and 1999 were collected retrospectively. Outpatient data after NICU discharge were included. Additionally, a follow-up study was undertaken via questionnaire sent to the families of VLBWI in 2011...
December 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26343292/untreated-depression-during-pregnancy-short-and-long-term-effects-in-offspring-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
S Gentile
Aim of this systematic review is to assess short- and long-lasting effects of antenatal exposure to untreated maternal depressive symptoms. Pertinent articles were identified through combined searches of Science.gov, Cochrane library, and PubMed databases (through August 2015). Forty-three, selected articles revealed that untreated gestational depression and even depressive symptoms during pregnancy may have untoward effects on the developing fetus (hyperactivity, irregular fetal heart rate), newborns (increased cortisol and norepinephrine levels, decreased dopamine levels, altered EEG patterns, reduced vagal tone, stress/depressive-like behaviors, and increased rates of premature deaths and neonatal intensive care unit admission), and children (increased salivary cortisol levels, internalizing and externalizing problems, and central adiposity)...
February 7, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26327561/adverse-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-adolescent-pregnancy
#7
Tetsuya Kawakita, Kathy Wilson, Katherine L Grantz, Helain J Landy, Chun-Chih Huang, Veronica Gomez-Lobo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes of adolescent pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study from the Consortium on Safe Labor between 2002 and 2008. SETTING: Twelve clinical centers with 19 hospitals in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Nulliparous women (n = 43,537) younger than 25 years of age, including 1189 younger adolescents (age ≤ 15.9 years), 14,703 older adolescents (age 16-19.9 years), and 27,645 young adults (age 20-24...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26205092/gynecologic-age-is-an-important-risk-factor-for-obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-adolescent-pregnancies
#8
Mustafa Kaplanoglu, Mehmet Bülbül, Capan Konca, Dilek Kaplanoglu, Mehmet Selcuk Tabak, Barıs Ata
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is an important public health problem. Physiological maturity affects obstetric and perinatal outcomes. Almost all assessments of adolescent pregnancies are based on chronological age. Gynecologic age (GA) is defined as age in years at conception minus age at menarche and it is an indicator of physiological maturity. AIM: To compare obstetric and perinatal outcomes between adult and adolescent pregnancies as categorized according to GA...
December 2015: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26045324/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-macrosomia-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Kamana Kc, Sumisti Shakya, Hua Zhang
BACKGROUND: Fetal macrosomia, defined as a birth weight ≥ 4,000 g, may affect 12% of newborns of normal women and 15-45% of newborns of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The increased risk of macrosomia in GDM is mainly due to the increased insulin resistance of the mother. In GDM, a higher amount of blood glucose passes through the placenta into the fetal circulation. As a result, extra glucose in the fetus is stored as body fat causing macrosomia, which is also called 'large for gestational age'...
2015: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26022659/importance-of-asymptomatic-shedding-of-clostridium-difficile-in-environmental-contamination-of-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#10
Howard S Faden, Diane Dryja
A survey of C. difficle in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was conducted. Approximately 25% of infants in the NICU were colonized with Clostridium difficle. Environmental surface cultures were obtained from the NICU and compared with cultures taken from infant, adolescent, and hematology/oncology units. From 150 surface cultures, C difficle was recovered exclusively from the NICU. Of the 16 different types of surfaces cultured, diaper scales and the surrounding area were contaminated most often at 50%...
August 2015: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25952336/does-model-of-maternity-care-make-a-difference-to-birth-outcomes-for-young-women-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Jyai Allen, Kristen Gibbons, Michael Beckmann, Mark Tracy, Helen Stapleton, Sue Kildea
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes including preterm birth, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, low birth weight infants, and artificial feeding. OBJECTIVE: To determine if caseload midwifery or young women's clinic are associated with improved perinatal outcomes when compared to standard care. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary Australian hospital where routine maternity care is delivered alongside two community-based maternity care models specifically for young women aged 21 years or less: caseload midwifery (known midwife) and young women's clinic (rostered midwife)...
August 2015: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25916021/candiduria-in-children-a-first-report-from-an-iranian-referral-pediatric-hospital
#12
P Gholamipour, S Mahmoudi, B Pourakbari, M Taghi Haghi Ashtiani, F Sabouni, M Teymuri, S Mamishi
Candida spp. especially Candida albicans is considered as one of the most common cause of fungal infections. The aim of our study was to determine epidemiology of candiduria in children who were referred to an Iranian referral hospital. During May 2011 to February 2013, among 4813 urine culture positive, 209 candida spp. isolates (4.3%) was found. Forty-one percent of cadiduria infection was seen in patients between 1 month and 1 year, 24% in neonatant and 24% in patients 1 to 5 years. Cadiduria was mainly found in patients who had received more than 2 or 3 antibiotic during their hospitalization (37% and 24%, respectively)...
June 2014: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25703439/eeg-in-children-in-the-laboratory-or-at-the-patient-s-bedside
#13
A Kaminska, F Cheliout-Heraut, M Eisermann, A Touzery de Villepin, M D Lamblin
In pediatrics, EEG recordings are performed on patients from the neonatal period up to young adults. This means adapting techniques to many different conditions, concerning not only the patient's age, the need for asepsis and the patient's behavior, but also the environment (e.g. in the laboratory, at the patient's bedside, or in the neonatal intensive care unit [NICU]). Technical requirements depend on age, indication and the type of examination; in infancy, there should be a minimum of 12 EEG electrodes, ECG and respiration recording...
March 2015: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25694750/involuntary-euthanasia-of-severely-ill-newborns-is-the-groningen-protocol-really-dangerous
#14
P Voultsos, F Chatzinikolaou
Advances in medicine can reduce active euthanasia of newborns with severe anomalies or unusual prematurity, but they cannot eliminate it. In the Netherlands, voluntary active euthanasia among adults and adolescents has been allowed since 2002, when the so-called Groningen Protocol (GP) was formulated as an extension of the law on extremely premature and severely ill newborns. It is maintained that, at bioethical level, it serves the principle of beneficence. Other European countries do not accept the GP, including Belgium...
July 2014: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25675676/pregnancy-outcome-and-predictive-factors-for-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-of-cephalopelvic-disproportion-pregnancies-in-a-resource-limited-setting-with-an-efficient-referral-system
#15
Prachratana Nuchpramool, Tharangrut Hanprasertpong
OBJECTIVE: Small local hospitals with inexperiencedpersonnel often have adverse incidence that could be prevented. A good referral system could reduce this unnecessary death rate. The present study was conducted to determine the pregnancy outcomes of cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) cases that were referred for cesarean section at a tertiary center and presented the predictivefactorsfor adverse pregnancy outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study that descriptively presented the adverse pregnancy outcome in referred CPD pregnancies and analyzed for predictive factor of overall adverse pregnancy outcome...
November 2014: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25504404/barriers-and-facilitators-to-preparing-families-with-premature-infants-for-discharge-home-from-the-neonatal-unit-perceptions-of-health-care-providers
#16
Marie Raffray, Sonia Semenic, Sandra Osorio Galeano, Sandra Catalina Ochoa Marín
OBJECTIVE: To explore Colombian health care provider perceptions of barriers and facilitators to preparing families with premature infants for discharge home from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODOLOGY: Using a qualitative descriptive design, in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with fifteen neonatal health care providers (HCPs) in Colombia. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Participant responses centered on three main themes: 1) establishment of the parent-infant bond, 2) acquisition of parenting skills, and 3) getting ready for the transition from hospital to home...
2014: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25486541/risk-factors-predictive-of-endogenous-endophthalmitis-among-hospitalized-patients-with-hematogenous-infections-in-the-united-states
#17
Kamyar Vaziri, Suzann Pershing, Thomas A Albini, Darius M Moshfeghi, Andrew A Moshfeghi
PURPOSE: To identify potential risk factors associated with endogenous endophthalmitis among hospitalized patients with hematogenous infections. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters, and Medicare Supplemental and Coordination of Benefit inpatient databases from the years 2007-2011 were obtained. Utilizing ICD-9 codes, logistic regression was used to identify potential predictors/comorbidities for developing endophthalmitis in patients with hematogenous infections...
March 2015: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25465141/late-presenting-nasal-deformities-after-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-injury-33-year-experience
#18
Yang Li, Abel Sepulveda, Edward P Buchanan
PURPOSE: This study was designed to characterize the resultant nasal deformities seen in adolescent and adult patients who sustained nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) injuries during their NICU admission. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from patients who sustained nCPAP injury in the NICU and seen for plastic surgery evaluation at one institution over the past 33 years was collected. Exclusion criteria were patients with additional nasal trauma after nCPAP injury...
March 2015: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25451477/memory-function-and-hippocampal-volumes-in-preterm-born-very-low-birth-weight-vlbw-young-adults
#19
Synne Aanes, Knut Jørgen Bjuland, Jon Skranes, Gro C C Løhaugen
The hippocampi are regarded as core structures for learning and memory functions, which is important for daily functioning and educational achievements. Previous studies have linked reduction in hippocampal volume to working memory problems in very low birth weight (VLBW; ≤ 1500 g) children and reduced general cognitive ability in VLBW adolescents. However, the relationship between memory function and hippocampal volume has not been described in VLBW subjects reaching adulthood. The aim of the study was to investigate memory function and hippocampal volume in VLBW young adults, both in relation to perinatal risk factors and compared to term born controls, and to look for structure-function relationships...
January 15, 2015: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25325418/return-to-system-within-30-days-of-discharge-following-pediatric-non-shunt-surgery
#20
Samir Sarda, Markus Bookland, Jason Chu, Mohammadali M Shoja, Matthew P Miller, Stephen B Reisner, Philip H Yun, Joshua J Chern
OBJECT: Hospital readmission after discharge is a commonly used quality measure. In a previous study, the authors had documented the rate of readmission and reoperation after pediatric CSF shunt surgery. This study documents the rate of readmission and reoperation after pediatric neurosurgical procedures excluding those related to CSF shunts. METHODS: Between May 1, 2009, and April 30, 2013, 3098 non-shunt surgeries during 2924 index admissions were performed at a single institution...
December 2014: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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